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2.
Interv Neuroradiol ; 25(6): 688-691, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31159630

RESUMO

Treatment of selective intracranial aneurysms treated with a Willis covered stent is safe and effective. We describe a previously unreported case of a large, irregular, carotid-ophthalmic aneurysm that was treated with a Willis covered stent. An immediate angiogram after the procedure showed complete occlusion of the aneurysm. However, a six-month follow-up angiogram demonstrated contrast media filling of the aneurysm neck. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a recurrent aneurysm treated with a Willis covered stent because of a membrane partially isolated with the stent. This case suggests that an aneurysm that is treated with a Willis covered stent might recanalise, and the risk of aneurysm rupture persists when the membrane of the stent is isolated with the stent. Therefore, follow-up angiography is necessary, even if an immediate angiogram shows complete aneurysm occlusion. Long-term follow-up is required, and the final outcome of such a case is still unknown.

3.
J Transl Med ; 17(1): 160, 2019 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31096981

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Flow diverter devices are increasingly used for endovascular treatment of internal carotid artery aneurysms. Treatment of ophthalmic segment aneurysms with flow diverter devices also includes coverage of the ophthalmic artery but may result in complications. It is unclear, however, whether these devices mechanically block blood flow in the ophthalmic artery. Also unclear is the relationship between deployment of a flow diverter device and post-treatment occlusion. We studied hemodynamic changes in the ophthalmic artery after deployment of a flow diverter device to determine the relationship between those changes and post-stent occlusion of the artery. METHODS: We analyzed hemodynamic modifications in the ophthalmic artery in 21 patients (19 women, 2 men; mean age 53.43 ± 7.32 years) treated by a single pipeline embolization device. Patient-specific geometries were determined from three-dimensional digital subtraction angiography and the stenting process was simulated. Computational fluid dynamics technology was used to analyze the change in ophthalmic artery hemodynamics. We compared pre-treatment and post-treatment flow velocity of the ophthalmic artery. RESULTS: Among the 21 patients with aneurysms located in the ophthalmic segment, no ophthalmic artery occlusion was found during immediate or follow-up angiography. Post-stent flow velocity in the ophthalmic artery decreased from 0.35 ± 0.19 to 0.33 ± 0.20 m/s, with the difference not being statistically significant (P = 0.106). CONCLUSION: Our results showed no significant change in ophthalmic artery blood flow after pipeline embolization device deployment. Hence, post-stent occlusion of the ophthalmic artery could not be explained by reduced blood flow. Delayed thrombosis and neointimal formation maybe the keys to ophthalmic artery occlusion and need further investigation.

4.
Interv Neuroradiol ; 25(6): 671-680, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31088244

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intracranial aneurysms are increasingly being treated by the placement of flow diverters; however, the factors affecting the outcome of aneurysms treated using flow diverters remain unclarified. METHODS: The present study investigated 94 aneurysms treated with pipeline embolisation device placement, and used a computational fluid dynamics method to explore the factors influencing the outcome of aneurysms. RESULTS: Seventy-six completely occluded aneurysms and 18 incompletely occluded aneurysms were analysed. Before treatment, inflow jets were found in 13 (72.2%) aneurysms in the incompletely occluded group and 34 (44.7%) in the completely occluded group (P = 0.292). After deployment of the pipeline embolisation device, inflow jets remained in nine (50%) aneurysms in the incompletely occluded group and nine (11.8%) in the completely occluded group (P = 0.001). In the incompletely occluded group, regions with inflow jets after treatment corresponded with the patent areas shown on follow-up digital subtraction angiography. The mean reduction ratios of velocity in the whole aneurysm and on the neck plane were lower in the incompletely occluded than in the completely occluded group (P = 0.003; P = 0.017). Multivariate analysis revealed that the only independent risk factors for incomplete aneurysm occlusion were the reduction ratios of velocity (in the whole aneurysm, threshold 0.362, P = 0.005; on the neck plane, threshold 0.273, P = 0.015). CONCLUSIONS: After pipeline embolisation device placement, reduction ratios of velocity in the whole aneurysm of less than 0.362 and on the neck plane of less than 0.273 are significantly associated with a greater risk of aneurysm incomplete occlusion. In addition, the persistence of inflow jets in aneurysms is associated with incomplete occlusion in the inflow jet area.

5.
J Neurosurg ; : 1-8, 2019 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30684942

RESUMO

OBJECTIVEInternal carotid artery (ICA) injuries during endoscopic endonasal surgery (EES) are catastrophic complications. Alongside the advancements in medical instrumentation and material, there is a need to modify previous treatment modalities and principles.METHODSA retrospective review of 3658 patients who underwent EES performed at the authors' institution between January 2012 and December 2017 was conducted. Ultimately, 20 patients (0.55%) with ICA injury following EES were enrolled for analysis. Data collection included demographic data, preoperative diagnosis, injury setting, repair method, and immediate and follow-up angiographic and clinical outcomes.RESULTSAmong the 20 patients, 11 received immediate endovascular therapy and 9 were treated only with packing. Of the 11 patients who received endovascular treatment, 6 were treated by covered stent and 5 by parent artery occlusion (PAO). The preservation rate of injured ICA increased from 20.0% (1 of 5) to 83.3% (5 of 6) after the Willis covered stent graft became available in January 2016. Of the 20 patients in the study, 19 recovered well and 1 patient-who had a pseudoaneurysm and was treated by PAO with a detachable balloon-suffered epistaxis after the hemostat in her nasal cavity was removed in ward, and she died later that day. The authors speculated that the detachable balloon had shifted to the distal part of ICA, although the patient could not undergo a repeat angiogram because she quickly suffered shock and could not be transferred to the catheter room. After the introduction of a hybrid operating room (OR), one patient whose first angiogram showed no ICA injury was found to have a pseudoaneurysm. He received endovascular treatment when he was brought for a repeat angiogram 5 days later in the hybrid OR after removing the hemostat in his nasal cavity. Of the 4 surviving patients treated with PAO, no external carotid artery-ICA bypass was required. The authors propose a modified endovascular treatment protocol for ICA injuries suffered during EES that exploits the advantage of the covered stent graft and the hybrid OR.CONCLUSIONSThe endovascular treatment protocol used in this study for ICA injuries during EES was helpful in the management of this rare complication. Willis stent placement improved the preservation rate of injured ICA during EES. It would be highly advantageous to manage this complication in a hybrid OR or by a mobile C-arm to get a clear intraoperative angiogram.

6.
J Transl Med ; 16(1): 263, 2018 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30257699

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ruptured aneurysms, the commonest cause of nontraumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage, can be catastrophic; the mortality and morbidity of affected patients being very high. Some risk factors, such as smoking, hypertension and female sex have been identified, whereas others, such as hemodynamics, imaging, and genomics, remain unclear. Currently, no accurate model that includes all factors for predicting such rupture is available. We plan to use data from a large cohort of Chinese individuals to set up a multidimensional model for predicting risk of rupture of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs). METHODS: The China Intracranial Aneurysm Project-2 (CIAP-2) will comprise screening of a cohort of 500 patients with UIA (From CIAP-1) and focus on hemodynamic factors, high resolution magnetic resonance imaging (HRMRI) findings, genetic factors, and biomarkers. Possible risk factors for rupture of UIA, including genetic factors, biomarkers, HRMRI, and hemodynamic factors, will be analyzed. The first project of the China Intracranial Aneurysm Project (CIAP-1; chaired by the Department of Neurosurgery, Tangdu Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China) will prospectively collect a cohort of 5000 patients with UIA from 20 centers in China, and collect baseline information for each patient. Multidimensional data will be acquired in follow-up assessments. Statistically significant clinical features in the UIA cohort will also be analyzed and integrated into the model for predicting risk of UIA rupture. After the model has been set up, the resultant evidence-based prediction will provide a preliminary theoretical basis for treating aneurysms at high risk of rupture. DISCUSSION: This study will explore the risk of rupture of aneurysms and develop a scientific multidimensional model for predicting rupture of unruptured intracranial aneurysms. Clinical Trials registration A Study on a Multidimensional Prediction Model for Rupture Risk of Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysms (CIAP-2), NCT03133624. Registered: 16 April 2017. https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03133624.

7.
J Neurosurg ; 128(3): 747-755, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28387631

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE The recurrence rate of vertebrobasilar dissecting aneurysms (VBDAs) after reconstructive endovascular treatment (EVT) is relatively high. The aneurysm wall enhancement on high-resolution MRI (HRMRI) reportedly predicts an unsteady state of an intracranial aneurysm. The authors used HRMRI to investigate the relationship between wall enhancement on HRMRI and progression of VBDAs after reconstructive EVT. METHODS From January 2012 to December 2015, patients with an unruptured VBDA who underwent reconstructive EVT were enrolled in this study. Preoperative enhanced HRMRI was performed to evaluate radiological characteristics. The relationships between aneurysm wall enhancement and various potential risk factors were statistically analyzed. Follow-up angiographic examination was performed with digital subtraction angiography and conventional HRMRI. Cox regression analysis was performed to identify predictors of VBDA progression after reconstructive EVT. RESULTS Eighty-two patients (12 women and 70 men, mean age 53.48 ± 9.23 years) with 83 VBDAs were evaluated in the current study. The average maximum diameter of the VBDAs was 11.30 ± 7.90 mm. Wall enhancement occurred in 43 VBDAs (51.81%). Among all 83 VBDAs, 62 (74.70%) were treated by stent-assisted coil embolization and 21 (25.30%) by stenting alone. The mean duration of imaging follow-up among all 82 patients was 10.55 months (range 6-45 months), and 15 aneurysms (18.07%) exhibited progression. The statistical analysis indicated no significant differences in age, sex, risk factors (high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes mellitus, and a high cholesterol level), VBDA stage, or VBDA size between enhanced and unenhanced VBDAs. Univariate Cox regression analysis showed that both the maximum diameter of the VBDAs and wall enhancement were associated with recurrence (p < 0.05). Multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analysis showed that the maximum diameter of the VBDAs and wall enhancement on HRMRI were independent risk factors for aneurysm progression (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS Aneurysm size and wall enhancement on HRMRI can predict the progression of VBDAs after reconstructive EVT.

8.
World Neurosurg ; 108: 236-243, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28882710

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Quantitative measurements of intracranial vessel walls are reliable in 3-T high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (HR-MRI). However, few reports have assessed the arterial wall after endovascular treatment (EVT) by 3-T HR-MRI. This study aimed to quantitatively analyze vessel walls in vertebrobasilar artery dissecting aneurysms after EVT. METHODS: From May 2012 to December 2015, a total of 21 patients with 21 intracranial vertebrobasilar dissecting aneurysms (VBDAs) were enrolled in this consecutive study. All the VBDAs were characterized by intramural hematomas (IMHs ≥5 mm) and treated with reconstructive EVT. Images of preoperative and follow-up 3-T HR-MRI were used to evaluate the arterial wall. The relative signal intensity (RSI) of IMHs was quantified on T1-weighted imaging (T1WI) and magnetization-prepared rapid acquisition gradient-echo (MPRAGE). RESULTS: Angiographic follow-up was performed for a mean of 9.19 ± 3.22 months. According to angiographic results at follow-up, 21 patients were divided into 2 groups (progressive group, n = 6; stable group, n = 15). In the progressive group, RSI of IMHs was significantly increased on MPRAGE of follow-up 3-T HR-MRI compared with that before treatment (P < 0.05), and the difference was not significant on T1WI. However, in the stable group, RSI of IMHs was significantly reduced after treatment (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Persistent high signal intensity of IMHs in VBDAs after reconstructive EVT may be associated with the progression of VBDAs. It may also indicate an unsteady state of the aneurysm, which suggests that reconstruction of the parent artery is not satisfactory.


Assuntos
Artéria Basilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Hematoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Dissecação da Artéria Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Artéria Basilar/cirurgia , Angiografia Cerebral , Progressão da Doença , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Aneurisma Intracraniano , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Artéria Vertebral/cirurgia , Dissecação da Artéria Vertebral/cirurgia
9.
Front Neurol ; 8: 482, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28959233

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the risk factors of recurrence after stent(s)-assisted coiling (SAC) of intracranial vertebrobasilar dissecting aneurysms (VBDAs) based on 168 consecutive patients. METHODS: Between January 2011 and December 2015, 168 consecutive patients with 170 intracranial VBDAs, which were treated by SAC, were recruited from four high-volume centers. We used multivariate logistic regression to examine factors that affected recurrence of VBDAs. RESULTS: The mean duration of clinical follow-up of the 168 patients was 7.81 months (range, 3-24 months). Of the 168 patients, 4 (2.38%) suffered from intraoperative complications and 16 (9.52%) had postoperative complications. Two (1.19%) had severe disability. Imaging follow-up was available for 168 patients (170 VBDAs), with a mean duration 7.81 months, and 24 (14.12%) cases of recurrence of aneurysms were noted. Aneurysm size and metal coverage of stent(s) at the neck were independent predictors of recurrence after SAC by logistic regression analysis. CONCLUSION: This multicenter cohort study shows that aneurysm size and the metal coverage of stent(s) at aneurysmal neck are independent factors associated with recurrence of VBDAs after SAC.

10.
World Neurosurg ; 107: 202-210, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28826706

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of treating vertebral fusiform aneurysms (VFAs) only with stents. Using computational fluid dynamics, we evaluated the hemodynamic patterns of VFAs after stent-only treatment (SOT) and monitored hemodynamic changes in the side branches. METHODS: Between September 2014 and December 2015, we enrolled 10 consecutive patients with VFAs who underwent SOT. Successful aneurysm reconstruction is defined as perfect reconstruction of the parent artery and complete or nearly complete occlusion of the aneurysm. Otherwise, the reconstruction was considered unsuccessful. After SOT, we used computational fluid dynamics to assess hemodynamic changes in aneurysmal velocity, wall shear stress, and relative residual time (RRT) as well as velocity in side branches. RESULTS: Ten patients were studied. At follow-up after initial treatment, 7 of the 10 reconstructions were successful. Compared with the 3 unsuccessful reconstructions, successful reconstructions showed a significantly greater increase in the mean RRT (1185.1% vs. 204.8%; P = 0.030) and a greater reduction in mean velocity (44.5% vs. 34.7%; P = 0.053) and wall shear stress (49.2% vs. 27.9%; P = 0.087). The average velocity in the branches decreased by 10.0% after SOT. There was also a significant difference between the mean reduction in the rate of flow velocity in the aneurysm and the side branches (42.1% vs. 10.0%; P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: We found a significant increase in RRT of successful reconstruction of aneurysms. There may be less effect on the flow in branches arising from VFAs after SOT, whether the aneurysms showed complete occlusion or not.


Assuntos
Aneurisma/fisiopatologia , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Stents , Artéria Vertebral/fisiologia , Adulto , Aneurisma/cirurgia , Angiografia Digital , Feminino , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/fisiopatologia , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
World Neurosurg ; 98: 444-455, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27890754

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To propose a modified classification system for spontaneous intracranial dissecting aneurysms (IDAs) that can guide treatment decisions. METHODS: Between January 2010 and December 2015, 3183 consecutive patients were referred to our department for endovascular treatment of a cerebral aneurysm. Among this group, 309 patients harboring a total of 323 spontaneous IDAs were identified. Based on a modified imaging classification system, spontaneous IDAs were classified into 4 subtypes: classic dissecting aneurysm, segmental ectasia, dolichoectatic dissecting aneurysm, and large mural bleeding ectasia. A logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify predictors of clinical outcomes. RESULTS: Of the 323 IDAs, 216 (66.87%) were treated with stent-assisted coiling, 47 (14.55%) with internal trapping, and 60 (18.58%) with sole stenting. Of the 309 patients, 8 (2.59%) suffered intraoperative complications, 40 (12.94%) experienced postoperative complications, 9 died (2.79%), and 1 (0.32%) had severe disability. The mean duration of clinical follow-up of the 309 patients was 10.40 months (range, 3-72 months). Imaging follow-up was available for 262 patients (274 IDAs), with a mean duration of 7.10 months (range, 3-60 months), and 24 aneurysm recurrences (9.16%) were noted. Aneurysm type was the sole independent predictor of different outcomes on logistic regression analysis (P = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: There was a strong relationship between the subtypes of spontaneous IDAs and clinical course. Our classification system is confirmed to be helpful in assessing patients' prognosis and guiding their treatment.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/classificação , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico por imagem , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/classificação , Aneurisma Intracraniano/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Aneurisma/classificação , Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma/cirurgia , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/tendências , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Front Neurol ; 7: 169, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27933032

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Characterization of the risk factors for rupture of very small intracranial aneurysm (VSIA, ≤3 mm) is clinically valuable, since VSIAs are implicated in subarachnoid hemorrhage. The aim of this study was to identify morphological and hemodynamic parameters that independently characterize the rupture status of VSIAs. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of consecutive VSIAs between September 2010 and February 2014 in our institute. A series of morphologic and hemodynamic parameters were evaluated using computational fluid dynamics, based on patient-specific three-dimensional geometrical models. RESULTS: We identified 186 patients with 206 VSIAs (73 ruptured, 133 unruptured). Univariable logistic regression analysis showed that bifurcation type, parent artery diameter, size ratio, time-averaged wall shear stress (WSS), maximum WSS, minimum WSS, and low shear area (LSA) were related to rupture status. Bifurcation type and larger LSA were independently associated with rupture status in multivariable logistic regression (p = 0.002 and p = 0.003, respectively). CONCLUSION: Bifurcation type and larger LSA were independently associated with VSIA rupture status. Further studies are needed prospectively on patient-derived geometries prior to rupturing based on large multi-population data to confirm the present findings.

13.
Front Neurol ; 7: 224, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27999562

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the clinicoradiological features and treatment outcomes of intracranial dissecting aneurysms (IDAs) in childhood. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of pediatric patients who were treated for spontaneous IDAs in our institute between January 2010 and December 2015. The clinical presentation, aneurysm characteristics, treatment modality, and outcome were studied. RESULTS: We studied 26 pediatric patients (mean age, 13.4 years; range, 4-18 years) with 31 IDAs who comprised 6.9% of all IDA patients treated during the same period. Seventeen (65.4%) patients were males, and nine (34.6%) were females. The incidence of large (≥10 mm in size) or giant aneurysms (≥25 mm in size) was 65.5%. Twenty-one (80.8%) patients underwent endovascular or surgical treatment and five (19.2%) received conservative treatment. Perioperative complications occurred in three patients, in whom two eventually recovered completely with a Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) score of 5 and one partially recovered with a GOS score 4. Overall, 25 (96.2%) patients had a favorable outcome and one (3.8%) had an unfavorable outcome at a mean follow-up of 22.8 months (range, 6-60 months). CONCLUSION: Pediatric IDAs are rare. In this series, endovascular management was a relatively safe and effective method of treatment for pediatric IDAs. However, continued follow-up is required because of the possibility of aneurysm recurrence and de novo aneurysm formation after treatment.

14.
Front Neurol ; 7: 219, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27994571

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this research was to analyze the effect of morphologic and hemodynamic characteristics on mirror aneurysms in which one ruptured and the other did not, within the same patient, and to identify reliable predictors of rupture. METHODS: We performed three-dimensional angiographic imaging in 56 patients with intracranial mirror aneurysms for computational fluid dynamic studies from January 2009 to December 2015. The ruptured aneurysm simulations were conducted with geometry obtained after rupture. The significance of morphologic and hemodynamic parameters with respect to rupture was analyzed. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was applied to significant parameters to identify independent discriminators. RESULTS: Three morphologic factors (aneurysm size, aspect ratio, and size ratio) and two hemodynamic factors [time-averaged mean wall shear stress (WSS) and low WSS area] were statistically associated with aneurysm rupture (p < 0.05). On multivariate logistic regression, a larger size (OR 2.572, p = 0.001) and lower WSS (OR 0.609, p = 0.045) were independent significant factors for rupture. CONCLUSION: Larger aneurysm size and lower WSS were independently associated with the rupture status of aneurysms. These findings need to be confirmed by large multicenter and multi-population studies.

15.
J Transl Med ; 14(1): 199, 2016 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27370946

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to quantify the effect of the new Low-profile Visualized Intraluminal Support (LVIS®D) device and the difference of fluid diverting effect compared with the Pipeline device and the Enterprise stent using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). METHODS: In this research, we simulated three aneurysms constructed from 3D digital subtraction angiography (DSA). The Enterprise, LVIS and the Pipeline device were virtually conformed to fit into the vessel lumen and placed across the aneurysm orifice. Computational fluid dynamics analysis was performed to compare the hemodynamic differences such as WSS, Velocity and Pressure among these stents. RESULTS: Control referred to the unstented model, the percentage of hemodynamic changes were all compared to Control. A single LVIS stent caused more wall shear stress reduction than double Enterprise stents (39.96 vs. 30.51 %) and velocity (23.13 vs. 18.64 %). Significant reduction in wall shear stress (63.88 %) and velocity (46.05 %) was observed in the double-LVIS stents. A single Pipeline showed less reduction in WSS (51.08 %) and velocity (37.87 %) compared with double-LVIS stent. The double-Pipeline stents resulted in the most reduction in WSS (72.37 %) and velocity (54.26 %). Moreover, the pressure increased with minuscule extent after stenting, compared with the unstented model. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study analyzing flow modifications associated with LVIS stents. We found that the LVIS stent has certain hemodynamic effects on cerebral aneurysms: a single LVIS stent caused more flow reductions than the double-Enterprise stent but less than a Pipeline device. Nevertheless, the double-LVIS stent resulted in a better flow diverting effect than a Pipeline device.


Assuntos
Hemorreologia , Aneurisma Intracraniano/fisiopatologia , Stents , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos , Análise Numérica Assistida por Computador
16.
Acta Neurochir (Wien) ; 158(4): 811-819, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26746828

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Stent-assisted coiling technology has been widely used in the treatment of intracranial aneurysms. In the current study, we investigated the intra-aneurysmal hemodynamic alterations after stent implantation and their association with the aneurysm location. METHODS: We first retrospectively studied 15 aneurysm cases [8 internal carotid artery-ophthalmic artery (ICA-OphA) aneurysms and 7 posterior communicating artery (PcoA) aneurysms] treated with Enterprise stents and coils. Then, based on the patient-specific geometries before and after stenting, we built virtual stenting computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation models. RESULTS: Before and after the stent deployment, the average wall shear stress (WSS) on the aneurysmal sac at systolic peak changed from 7.04 Pa (4.14 Pa, 15.77 Pa) to 6.04 Pa (3.86 Pa, 11.13 Pa), P = 0.001; the spatially averaged flow velocity in the perpendicular plane of the aneurysm dropped from 0.5 m/s (0.28 m/s, 0.7 m/s) to 0.33 m/s (0.25 m/s, 0.49 m/s), P = 0.001, respectively. Post stent implantation, the WSS in ICA-OphA aneurysms and PcoA aneurysms decreased by 14.4 % (P = 0.012) and 16.6 % (P = 0.018), respectively, and the flow velocity also reduced by 10.3 % (P = 0.029) and 10.5 % (P = 0.013), respectively. Changes in the WSS, flow velocity, and pressure were not significantly different between ICA-OphA and PcoA aneurysms (P > 0.05). Stent implantation did not significantly change the peak systolic pressure in either aneurysm type. CONCLUSION: After the stent implantation, both the intra-aneurysmal flow velocity and WSS decreased independently of aneurysm type (ICA-OphA and PcoA). Little change was observed in peak systolic pressure.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/cirurgia , Artéria Carótida Interna/cirurgia , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Aneurisma Intracraniano/cirurgia , Stents , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Teóricos , Estresse Mecânico , Resultado do Tratamento
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