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J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 141(3): 1036-1049.e5, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29241729


BACKGROUND: Immunodysregulation polyendocrinopathy enteropathy x-linked (IPEX) syndrome is a monogenic autoimmune disease caused by FOXP3 mutations. Because it is a rare disease, the natural history and response to treatments, including allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and immunosuppression (IS), have not been thoroughly examined. OBJECTIVE: This analysis sought to evaluate disease onset, progression, and long-term outcome of the 2 main treatments in long-term IPEX survivors. METHODS: Clinical histories of 96 patients with a genetically proven IPEX syndrome were collected from 38 institutions worldwide and retrospectively analyzed. To investigate possible factors suitable to predict the outcome, an organ involvement (OI) scoring system was developed. RESULTS: We confirm neonatal onset with enteropathy, type 1 diabetes, and eczema. In addition, we found less common manifestations in delayed onset patients or during disease evolution. There is no correlation between the site of mutation and the disease course or outcome, and the same genotype can present with variable phenotypes. HSCT patients (n = 58) had a median follow-up of 2.7 years (range, 1 week-15 years). Patients receiving chronic IS (n = 34) had a median follow-up of 4 years (range, 2 months-25 years). The overall survival after HSCT was 73.2% (95% CI, 59.4-83.0) and after IS was 65.1% (95% CI, 62.8-95.8). The pretreatment OI score was the only significant predictor of overall survival after transplant (P = .035) but not under IS. CONCLUSIONS: Patients receiving chronic IS were hampered by disease recurrence or complications, impacting long-term disease-free survival. When performed in patients with a low OI score, HSCT resulted in disease resolution with better quality of life, independent of age, donor source, or conditioning regimen.

Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/congênito , Diarreia , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/congênito , Imunossupressão , Mutação , Adolescente , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/imunologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/mortalidade , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/terapia , Diarreia/genética , Diarreia/imunologia , Diarreia/mortalidade , Diarreia/terapia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/imunologia , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/genética , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/imunologia , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/mortalidade , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/terapia , Humanos , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/genética , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/imunologia , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/mortalidade , Doenças do Sistema Imunitário/terapia , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
Pediatrics ; 134(6): e1695-9, 2014 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25384485


We describe a case of recurrent Kawasaki disease (KD) in a non-Asian 6-year-old boy who had been diagnosed with typical KD without cardiac involvement at age 3 years. He was admitted to the PICU 3 years later for heart failure, hypotension, and deterioration of his general condition. Ultrasonography revealed left ventricular dysfunction with a 44% ejection fraction and grade I mitral valve failure without coronary artery involvement. Subsequent observation of hyperemic conjunctiva, bilateral cervical adenopathies with erythematous skin (normal neck ultrasound and computed axial tomography findings), peeling of the fingertips at day 8 of the illness, and occurrence of an inflammatory syndrome led to a diagnosis of incomplete recurrent KD with a clinical picture of Kawasaki shock syndrome (KSS). Clinical improvement was rapidly obtained after intravenous immunoglobulin and intravenous corticosteroid therapy (30 mg/kg per day for 3 subsequent days). Left ventricular function gradually improved, with ultrasound returning to normal after 3 months. Diagnosis was difficult to establish because of the recurrence of the disease and the incomplete clinical picture, with clinical features of KSS. Physicians need to be aware of these pitfalls in the management of patients with clinical signs of KD.

Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Hipotensão/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/diagnóstico , Choque/diagnóstico , Aspirina/administração & dosagem , Criança , Terapia Combinada , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Esquema de Medicação , Ecocardiografia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Hipotensão/terapia , Imunização Passiva , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica , Masculino , Metilprednisolona/administração & dosagem , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/terapia , Recidiva , Choque/terapia