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Indian J Gastroenterol ; 27(1): 22-8, 2008.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18541934


AIMS: To study the profile of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), and the frequency of such symptoms among the general population, in India. METHODS: In this prospective, multi-center study, data were obtained from 2785 patients with chronic lower gastrointestinal symptoms (complainants) with no alarm feature and negative investigations for organic causes visiting physicians at 30 centers, and from 4500 community subjects (non-complainants), using separate questionnaires. RESULTS: Most complainants were middle-aged (mean age 39.4 years) and male (1891; 68%). The common symptoms were: abdominal pain or discomfort (1958; 70%), abdominal fullness (1951; 70%); subjective feeling of constipation (1404 of 2656; 53%), or diarrhea (1252 of 2656, 47%), incomplete evacuation (2134; 77%), mucus with stools (1506; 54%), straining at stools (1271; 46%), epigastric pain (1364; 49%) and milk intolerance (906; 32%). Median stool frequency was similar in patients who felt they had constipation or those who felt they had diarrhea. Information to subtype symptoms using standard criteria was available in 1301 patients; of these, 507 (39%) had constipation-predominant IBS ( 3 3 stools/day) and 744 (57%) had indeterminate symptoms. Among non-complainants, most subjects reported daily defecation frequency of one (2520 [56%]) or two (1535 [34%]). Among non-complainants, 567 (12.6%) reported abdominal pain, 503 (11%) irregular bowel, 1030 (23%) incomplete evacuation, 167 (4%) mucus and 846 (18%) straining at stools; a combination of abdominal pain or discomfort relieved by defecation, and incomplete evacuation was present in 189/4500 (4.2%) community subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Most patients with IBS in India are middle-aged men, and have a sense of incomplete evacuation and mucus with stools. Abdominal pain or discomfort is frequent but not universal. Importantly, stool frequency was similar irrespective of whether the patients felt having constipation or diarrhea. Most (90%) non-complainant subjects had 1 or 2 stools per day; symptoms complex suggestive of IBS was present in 4.2% of community subjects.

Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/epidemiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Gastroenterologia , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Sociedades Médicas
Dig Dis Sci ; 53(5): 1215-22, 2008 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18351464


BACKGROUND: Despite association between H. pylori and gastric neoplasm (GN) from the developed world, studies from India, where infection is more common and acquired early, are scant and contradictory. METHODS: Two hundred and seventy-nine patients with GN from two northern and one eastern Indian centers during the period 1997-2005, 101 non-ulcer dyspepsia (NUD), and 355 healthy volunteers (HV) were evaluated for H. pylori [rapid urease test (RUT), histology and anti-H. pylori, and CagA IgG serology]. RESULTS: Patients with GN [263 gastric carcinoma and 16 (6%) primary gastric lymphoma, 208 male] were older than HV (n = 355, 188 male) and NUD (n = 101, 54 male) patients (53 +/- 12 versus 44 +/- 17 and 43 +/- 13 years, respectively; P < 0.001). Eastern Indian patients with GN (n = 145) were younger than those from northern India (n = 134; 52 +/- 12 versus 55 +/- 12 years; P < 0.007, t-test). In GN and NUD patients H. pylori positivity by RUT [86/225 (38%) versus 46/101 (46%)], anti-H. pylori IgG [154/198 (78%) versus 85/101 (84%)], and histology [136/213 (64%) versus 55/101 (55%)] were comparable (chi(2)-test). Serum IgG anti-H. pylori antibody was more common among HV than among GN patients [300/355 (85%) versus 154/198 (78%); P = 0.04, chi(2)-test]. Intestinal metaplasia was more common in GN than in NUD patients [101/252 (40%) versus 2/98 (2%), P < 0.000, chi(2)-test]. CagAIgG was more common in GN than in NUD patients [124/163 (76%) versus 64/101 (63%)] but comparable to that in HV patients [87/98 (89%), P = NS]. CONCLUSION: Frequency of H. pylori as detected using endoscopy and serology-based tests is not higher among patients with GN as compared with controls in India.

Anticorpos Antibacterianos/sangue , Antígenos de Bactérias/imunologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/imunologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/complicações , Infecções por Helicobacter/imunologia , Helicobacter pylori/imunologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/imunologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/microbiologia , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal , Feminino , Infecções por Helicobacter/epidemiologia , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia
Indian J Gastroenterol ; 24(5): 193-6, 2005.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16361762


BACKGROUND: Despite a possible role of Helicobacter pylori in gastric carcinoma (GC), its pathogenesis is not clear. There is scanty data on apoptosis in GC in relation to H. pylori and CagA antibody. Therefore, we studied gastric epithelial apoptosis in GC and non-ulcer dyspepsia (NUD) with or without H. pylori infection, and the degree of apoptosis in relation to CagA antibody status. METHODS: 20 patients each with GC and NUD were investigated for H. pylori using rapid urease test (RUT), IgG anti-H. pylori and anti-CagA antibodies, histology of endoscopically normal-looking mucosa for H. pylori, intestinal metaplasia (IM), and apoptosis using TUNEL assay. Positivity to one tissue-based (RUT or histology) and one serology based (anti-H. pylori or CagA IgG) test was taken as diagnostic of active H. pylori infection, and negative result in both tissue-based tests suggested its absence. RESULTS: Patients with GC more often had anti-H. pylori IgG (16 of 20 vs. 8 of 20; p=0.02) and a trend towards higher apoptotic index (AI) (48.6 [19.2 to 71.7] vs. 41.4 [11.7 to 63.6]; p=0.06) than NUD. AI was higher in GC (66.7 [57.5 to 71.7] vs. 32.6 [19.2 to 39.8]; p<0.0001) and NUD (58.6 [50.7 to 63.6] vs. 24.4 [11.7 to 32.2]; p<0.0001) infected with H. pylori than in those without infection. AI was also higher in GC than in NUD with H. pylori infection (66.7 [57.5 to 71.7] vs. 58.6 [50.7 to 63.6]; p=0.01). Four of the 20 patients with GC and none with NUD had IM (p=ns). There was no difference in AI in relation to CagA antibody. AI positively correlated with patients' age in presence of H. pylori infection (correlation coefficient=0.5, p=0.03) but not in its absence. CONCLUSION: Exaggerated apoptosis may play a role in H. pylori-mediated gastric diseases including carcinogenesis. AI increases with aging in patients infected with H. pylori.

Apoptose , Carcinoma/patologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/complicações , Helicobacter pylori , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Células Epiteliais/fisiologia , Feminino , Helicobacter pylori/genética , Helicobacter pylori/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
Indian J Gastroenterol ; 24(5): 220-2, 2005.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16361772


Primary gastric lymphoma, an uncommon gastric tumor caused by infection with Helicobacter pylori, is rarely associated with gastric amyloidosis. Chronic bacterial infection is known to cause amyloidosis. We report a 53-year-old man who had an antral and duodenal mass with narrowing and ulceration on endoscopy and CT scan; endoscopic biopsy revealed gastric amyloidosis. Rapid urease test and serology for H. pylori were positive. Histology of resected specimen of distal stomach revealed primary gastric lymphoma, amyloid deposits and spiral organisms suggestive of H. pylori. Rectal biopsy was negative for amyloid. He remained well on follow-up after surgery and eradication of H. pylori.

Amiloidose/etiologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/complicações , Helicobacter pylori , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/etiologia , Gastropatias/etiologia , Amiloidose/patologia , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gastropatias/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/etiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia