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1.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 230: 118041, 2020 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31955116

RESUMO

Photochromic molecules which can absorb and emit light within the "biological window" (650-1450 nm) are of great interest for using in various important biomedical applications such as bio-imaging, photopharmacology, targeted drug delivery, etc. Here we present three new indoline spiropyrans containing conjugated cationic fragments and halogen substituents in the 2H-chromene moiety which were synthesized by a simple one-pot method. The molecular structure of the obtained compounds was confirmed by FT-IR, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy (including 2D methods), HRMS, elemental and single crystal X-ray analysis. Photochemical studies revealed the photochromic activity of spiropyrans at room temperature which caused photoswitchable fluorescence in the near-IR region after UV-irradiation. While the spirocyclic forms of compounds demonstrated absorption bands in the UV-Vis spectra with maxima in the visible region at about 445 nm and were not fluorescent, the photogenerated merocyanine isomers absorbed in the near-IR range at 708-738 nm and emitted at 768-791 nm. It was found that compound 1a with fluorine substituent possesses the most red-shifted absorption and emission bands of merocyanine form among all the known photochromic spiropyrans with maxima at 738 and 791 nm correspondingly. TD DFT calculations have shown that the longest wavelength absorption maxima of the merocyanine forms correspond to S0-S1 transitions of the isomers with at least one trans-trans-trans-configured vinylindolium fragment which brings them closer to cyanine-like structure and causes an appearance of the absorption and emission bands in the near-IR region.

2.
Dalton Trans ; 48(20): 6960-6970, 2019 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31041973

RESUMO

A coordination compound with the composition [CoLCl2]·H2O (L = bis-condensation product of diacetyl and 2-hydrazinyl-4,6-dimethylpyrimidine) was synthesized, in which the Co(ii) ion was hexacoordinated. Under applied DC fields, this compound exhibited single-ion magnet behavior. Two relaxation processes were observed when increasing the applied magnetic field from 1000 to 3200 Oe. The first relaxation (high-frequency) was observed both at 1000 Oe and 3200 Oe, while the second relaxation was only registered under a field of 3200 Oe at low frequencies (<1 Hz) and low temperatures (<5 K). Modeling of the magnetic DC properties using the Griffith Hamiltonian accompanied by quantum chemical calculations revealed easy-axis-type magnetic anisotropy with weak rhombic contributions.

3.
Beilstein J Org Chem ; 11: 2179-88, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26664640

RESUMO

A series of derivatives of 2-hetaryl-1,3-tropolone (ß-tropolone) was prepared by the acid-catalyzed reaction of 2-methylbenzoxazoles, 2-methylbenzothiazoles and 2,3,3-trimethylindoline with 3,4,5,6-tetrachloro-1,2-benzoquinone. The molecular structures of the three representative compounds were determined by X-ray crystallography. In crystal and (as shown by the DFT PBE0/6-311+G** calculations) in solution, 2-hetaryl-4,5,6,7-tetrachloro- and 2-hetaryl-5,6,7-trichloro-1,3-tropolones exist in the NH-tautomeric form with a strong resonance-assisted intramolecular N-H···O hydrogen bond. The mechanism of the formation of 1,3-tropolones in the reaction of methylene-active five-membered heterocycles with o-chloranil in acetic acid solution has been studied using density functional theory (DFT) methods. The reaction of 2-(2-benzoxa(thia)zolyl)-5,6,7-trichloro(4,5,6,7-tetrachloro)-1,3-tropolones with alcohols leads to the contraction of the seven-membered tropone ring with the formation of 2-(2-benzoxa(thia)zolyl)-6-alkoxycarbonylphenols. The molecular structure of 2-(2-ethoxycarbonyl-6-hydroxy-3,4,5-trichlorophenyl)benzoxazole has been determined by X-ray diffraction. 2-(2-Benzoxa(thia)zolyl)-6-alkoxycarbonylphenols display intense green fluorescence with anomalous Stokes shifts caused by the excited state intramolecular proton transfer (ESIPT) effects.

4.
J Pharm Sci ; 98(12): 4738-55, 2009 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19408296

RESUMO

The crystal structures of three sulfonamides with the general structure 4-NH(2)-C(6)H(4)-SO(2)NH-C(6)H(4/3)-R (R = 4-Et; 4-OMe; 5-Cl-2-Me) have been determined by X-ray diffraction. On the basis of our previous data and the results obtained a comparative analysis of crystal properties was performed: molecular conformational states, packing architecture, and hydrogen bond networks using graph set notations. The thermodynamic aspects of the sulfonamide sublimation process have been studied by investigating the temperature dependence of vapor pressure using the transpiration method. A regression equation was derived describing the correlation between sublimation entropy terms and crystal density data calculated from X-ray diffraction results. Also correlations between sublimation Gibbs energies and melting points, on the one hand, and between sublimation enthalpies and fusion enthalpies at 298 K, on the other hand, were found. These dependencies give the opportunity to predict sublimation thermodynamic parameters by simple thermo-physical experiments (fusion characteristics). Solubility processes of the compounds in water, n-hexane, and n-octanol (as phases modeling various drug delivery pathways and different types of membranes) were investigated and corresponding thermodynamic functions were calculated as well. Thermodynamic characteristics of sulfonamide solvation were evaluated. For compounds with similar structures processes of transfer from one solvent to another one were studied by a diagram method combined with analysis of enthalpic and entropic terms. Distinguishing between enthalpy and entropy, as is possible through the present approach, leads to the insight that the contribution of these terms is different for different molecules (entropy- or enthalpy-determined). Thus, in contrast to interpretation of only the Gibbs energy of transfer, being extensively used for pharmaceuticals in the form of the partition coefficient (log P), the analysis of thermodynamic functions of the transfer process provides additional mechanistic information. This may be important for further evaluation of the physiological distribution of drug molecules and may provide a better understanding of biopharmaceutical properties of drugs.


Assuntos
Sulfonamidas/química , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria , Cristalização , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Soluções Farmacêuticas , Solubilidade , Solventes , Termodinâmica , Difração de Raios X
5.
Int J Pharm ; 349(1-2): 300-13, 2008 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17913412

RESUMO

Crystal structures of 4-amino-N-(4-chlorophenyl)-benzene-sulfonamide (IV), 4-amino-N-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-benzene-sulfonamide (V), 4-amino-N-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-benzene-sulfonamide (VI) and 4-amino-N-(2,5-dichlorophenyl)-benzene-sulfonamide (VII) were solved by X-ray diffraction method. Temperature dependencies of saturated vapour pressure and thermodynamic functions of sublimation process were calculated (IV: delta Gsub298=74.0 kJ mol(-1), delta Hsub298=134.1+/-1.2 kJ mol(-1), delta Ssub298=202+/-3 J mol(-1)K(-1); V: delta Gsub298=61.7 kJ mol(-1), delta Hsub298=141.1+/-0.7 kJ mol(-1), delta Ssub298=266+/-2 J mol(-1)K(-1); VI: delta Gsub298=85.8 kJ mol(-1), delta Hsub298=167.5+/-3.6 kJ mol(-1), delta Ssub298=274+/-8 J mol(-1)K(-1); VII: delta Gsub298=75.7 kJ mol(-1), delta Hsub298=155.4+/-1.6 kJ mol(-1), delta Ssub298=268+/-4 J mol(-1)K(-1)). Thermochemical parameters of fusion and evaporation processes for the compounds were obtained. Temperature dependencies of the solubility in water, n-octanol were measured. The thermodynamic functions of solubility and solvation processes were deduced. The transfer processes of the molecules from water to n-octanol were analysed by diagram method and main driven forces were established.


Assuntos
Sulfonamidas/química , Algoritmos , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria , Cristalização , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Soluções Farmacêuticas , Solubilidade , Solventes , Temperatura , Termodinâmica , Difração de Raios X
6.
Int J Pharm ; 334(1-2): 115-24, 2007 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17126506

RESUMO

Crystal structures of N-(2-chlorophenyl)-benzene-sulfonamide (I), N-(2,3-dichlorophenyl)-benzene-sulfonamide (II), N-(4-chlorophenyl)-benzene-sulfonamide (III) were solved by X-ray diffraction method. Temperature dependencies of saturated vapor pressure and thermodynamic functions of sublimation process were calculated (I: DeltaG(sub)(298)=50.4kJmol(-1); DeltaH(sub)(298)=114+/-1kJmol(-1); DeltaS(sub)(298)=213+/-3Jmol(-1)K(-1); II: DeltaG(sub)(298)=54.1kJmol(-1); DeltaH(sub)(298)=124.9+/-1.6kJmol(-1); DeltaS(sub)(298)=237+/-5Jmol(-1)K(-1); III: DeltaG(sub)(298)=49.9kJmol(-1); DeltaH(sub)(298)=98.6+/-1.9kJmol(-1); DeltaS(sub)(298)=163+/-5Jmol(-1)K(-1)). Thermochemical parameters of fusion process for the compounds were obtained. Enthalpies of evaporation were estimated from enthalpies of sublimation and fusion. Temperature dependencies of the solubility in water, n-octanol and n-hexane were measured. The thermodynamic functions of solubility and solvation processes were deduced. Specific and non-specific solvation terms were distinguished using the transfer from the "inert"n-hexane to the other solvents. The transfer processes of the molecules from water to n-octanol were analyzed and main driven forces were established.


Assuntos
Solventes/química , Sulfonamidas/química , Termodinâmica , 1-Octanol/química , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria , Cristalização , Hexanos/química , Solubilidade , Sulfonamidas/síntese química , Temperatura , Água/química , Difração de Raios X
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