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1.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 31(50): 505701, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31469102

RESUMO

Vanadium oxides present a rich magnetic phase diagram depending on the oxidation state of the V ions. In particular the vanadium oxide nanotubes (VO x NTs) present several promising perspectives for different technological applications for which it is essential to know the oxidation state of V ions, as well as to evaluate the stability with the aging time of the tubes. In this work we present a systematic study of the time evolution of the magnetic properties of VO x NTs. For this complete characterization, we used electron spin resonance (ESR) and dc-susceptibility techniques, which were supplemented with TEM microscopy and XANES. We observed that for aging in normal environmental conditions of pressure, temperature and humidity, the V4+ ions oxidize to V5+ . Although the multiwall tubular structure is maintained, this oxidation process produces a marked change in the magnetic properties. We conclude that the aging of the samples affects the V4+ /V5+ relationship in the VO x NTs, which may contribute to explain the significant dispersion of data reported in the bibliography.

2.
Nanoscale ; 7(7): 3002-15, 2015 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25600147

RESUMO

The intimate relationship between stoichiometry and physicochemical properties in transition-metal oxides makes them appealing as tunable materials. These features become exacerbated when dealing with nanostructures. However, due to the complexity of nanoscale materials, establishing a distinct relationship between structure-morphology and functionalities is often complicated. In this regard, in the FexO/Fe3O4 system a largely unexplained broad dispersion of magnetic properties has been observed. Here we show, thanks to a comprehensive multi-technique approach, a clear correlation between the magneto-structural properties in large (45 nm) and small (9 nm) FexO/Fe3O4 core/shell nanoparticles that can explain the spread of magnetic behaviors. The results reveal that while the FexO core in the large nanoparticles is antiferromagnetic and has bulk-like stoichiometry and unit-cell parameters, the FexO core in the small particles is highly non-stoichiometric and strained, displaying no significant antiferromagnetism. These results highlight the importance of ample characterization to fully understand the properties of nanostructured metal oxides.

3.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 27(1): 016003, 2015 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25428138

RESUMO

In this work, we present a study of the low temperature magnetic phases of polycrystalline MnCr2O4 spinel through dc magnetization and ferromagnetic resonance spectroscopy (FMR). Through these experiments, we determined the main characteristic temperatures: T(C) ∼ 41 K and T(H) ∼ 18 K corresponding, respectively, to the ferrimagnetic order and to the low temperature helicoidal transitions. The temperature evolution of the system is described by a phenomenological approach that considers the different terms that contribute to the free energy density. Below the Curie temperature, the FMR spectra were modeled by a cubic magnetocrystalline anisotropy to the second order, with K1 and K2 anisotropy constants that define the easy magnetization axis along the <1 1 0> direction. At lower temperatures, the formation of a helicoidal phase was considered by including uniaxial anisotropy axis along the [11¯0] propagation direction of the spiral arrange, with a Ku anisotropy constant. The values obtained from the fittings at 5 K are K1 = -2.3 × 10(4) erg cm(-3), K2 = 6.4 × 10(4) erg cm(-3) and Ku = 7.5 × 10(4) erg cm(-3).

4.
Nanotechnology ; 25(35): 355704, 2014 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25120018

RESUMO

The control of the size of bimagnetic nanoparticles represents an important step toward the study of fundamental properties and the design of new nanostructured magnetic materials. We report the synthesis and the structural and magnetic characterization of bimagnetic CoO/CoFe2O4 core/shell nanoparticles. The material was fabricated by a seed-mediated growth high-temperature decomposition method with sizes in the range of 5-11 nm. We show that the core/shell morphology favours the crystallinity of the shell phase, and the reduction of the particle size leads to a remarkable increase of the magnetic hardening. When the size is reduced, the coercive field at 5 K increases from 21.5 kOe to 30.8 kOe, while the blocking temperature decreases from 388 K to 167 K. The size effects on the magnetic behaviour are described through a phenomenological model for strongly ferri-/antiferromagnetic coupled phases.

5.
J Am Chem Soc ; 132(27): 9398-407, 2010 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20568759

RESUMO

The magnetic properties of bimagnetic core/shell nanoparticles consisting of an antiferromagnetic MnO core and a ferrimagnetic passivation shell have been investigated. It is found that the phase of the passivation shell (gamma-Mn(2)O(3) or Mn(3)O(4)) depends on the size of the nanoparticles. Structural and magnetic characterizations concur that while the smallest nanoparticles have a predominantly gamma-Mn(2)O(3) shell, larger ones have increasing amounts of Mn(3)O(4). A considerable enhancement of the Néel temperature, T(N), and the magnetic anisotropy of the MnO core for decreasing core sizes has been observed. The size reduction also leads to other phenomena such as persistent magnetic moment in MnO up to high temperatures and an unusual temperature behavior of the magnetic domains.

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