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1.
Vet Microbiol ; 214: 28-35, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29408029

RESUMO

The aim of this paper is to describe a novel subpopulation of Staphylococcus haemolyticus isolated from intramammary gland infections (IMI) in cattle. In total, eight isolates originating from milk samples from two unrelated dairy farms were examined phenotypically (using the ID 32 STAPH system) and genotypically. These isolates had almost identical sequences of each of the housekeeping genes examined (dnaJ, rpoB and sodA) but these sequences displayed similarity of only ∼92.5%, 95.0% and 96.8%, respectively, with known S. haemolyticus sequences. The atypical isolates could also be distinguished biochemically by the positive ß-galactosidase test (with 2-naphthyl-ß-d-galactopyranoside as the substrate). All the isolates were identified as S. haemolyticus upon MALDI-TOF analysis but half of them, that achieved scores 1.7-1.999 (not reliable species identification), required expanding the commercial database for secure identification. Our study has shown that IMI in cattle may be caused by two distinct subpopulations of S. haemolyticus, differing clearly by some genotypic and phenotypic properties. The first of these subpopulations seems to be common to many hosts (including humans), whereas the second (possibly at the subspecies rank) is, so far, found only in cattle.


Assuntos
Inflamação/microbiologia , Leite/microbiologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/microbiologia , Staphylococcus haemolyticus/genética , Staphylococcus haemolyticus/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Bovinos , Indústria de Laticínios , Feminino , Genótipo , Glândulas Mamárias Animais/microbiologia , Mastite Bovina/microbiologia , Fenótipo , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz , Staphylococcus haemolyticus/classificação
2.
Microb Drug Resist ; 24(3): 314-322, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28628752

RESUMO

Campylobacter spp. is a major cause of foodborne diseases in humans, particularly when transmitted by the handling or consumption of undercooked poultry meat. Most Campylobacter infections are self-limiting, but antimicrobial treatment (e.g., fluoroquinolones and macrolides) is necessary in severe or prolonged cases. The indiscriminate use of these drugs, both in clinical medicine and animal production, has a major impact on public health. The aim of the present study was to identify Campylobacter strains, isolated from turkey and broilers, using both PCR and the matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) methods to reveal the accuracy of identification, as well to evaluate the antimicrobial and genetic resistance of the investigated strains. MALDI-TOF and PCR methods were used to show differences, if any, in the specificity of that test. In this study, MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry gave the same results as multiplex PCR, in all cases. The highest rate of resistance (i.e., 100% of turkey and broiler strains) was detected against ciprofloxacin, whereas 58.1% of turkey and 78.6% of broiler strains were resistant to tetracycline. Multidrug-resistant isolates were not found in the study. All ciprofloxacin-resistant strains had a mutation in the gyrA gene, at the Thr-86 position. The presence of the tetO gene was found in 71% of turkey and in 100% of broiler strains. All resistant to tetracycline strains included tetO gene. Additionally, in five turkey and three broiler strains, susceptible to tetracycline, tetO gene was present. These results indicate the high prevalence of Campylobacter strains, which are phenotypically and genetically resistant to fluoroquinolones and tetracycline.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Infecções por Campylobacter/veterinária , Campylobacter coli/genética , Campylobacter jejuni/genética , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/genética , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/epidemiologia , Animais , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Infecções por Campylobacter/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Campylobacter/epidemiologia , Infecções por Campylobacter/microbiologia , Campylobacter coli/classificação , Campylobacter coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Campylobacter coli/isolamento & purificação , Campylobacter jejuni/classificação , Campylobacter jejuni/efeitos dos fármacos , Campylobacter jejuni/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Galinhas/microbiologia , Ciprofloxacina/farmacologia , DNA Girase/genética , DNA Girase/metabolismo , Fazendas , Fezes/microbiologia , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex/veterinária , Polônia/epidemiologia , Aves Domésticas/microbiologia , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/microbiologia , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz/veterinária , Tetraciclina/farmacologia , Perus/microbiologia
3.
J Basic Microbiol ; 56(8): 922-8, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26972384

RESUMO

The pathogenicity of entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) depends directly on the presence of bacteria in the nematode digestive tracts. Based on 16S rRNA and MALDI-TOF analyses 20 isolated bacteria were assigned to 10 species with 10 isolates classified as Pseudomonas ssp. Six strains (30%) show ureolytic activity on Christensen medium. Spectroscopic analysis of the strains showed that the ureolytic activity is strongly correlated with the following wavenumbers: 935 cm(-1) in window W4, which carries information about the bacterial cell wall construction and 1158 cm(-1) in window W3 which corresponds to proteins in bacterial cell. A logistic regression model designed on the basis of the selected wavenumbers differentiates ureolytic from non-ureolytic bacterial strains with an accuracy of 100%. Spectroscopic studies and mathematical analyses made it possible to differentiate EPN-associated Pseudomonas sp. strains from clinical Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1. These results suggest, that infrared spectra of EPN-associated Pseudomonas sp. strains may reflect its adaptation to the host.


Assuntos
Insetos/parasitologia , Nematoides/microbiologia , Pseudomonas/metabolismo , Ureia/metabolismo , Animais , Pseudomonas/genética , Pseudomonas/isolamento & purificação
4.
Curr Microbiol ; 72(5): 570-82, 2016 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26804795

RESUMO

In diagnostic microbiology as well as in microbiological research, the identification of a microorganism is a crucial and decisive stage. A broad choice of methods is available, based on both phenotypic and molecular properties of microbes. The aim of this study was to compare the application of phenotypic and molecular tools in bacterial identification on the example of Gram-negative intestine rod with an ambiguous phenotype. Different methods of identification procedure, which based on various properties of bacteria, were applied, e.g., microscopic observation of single-bacterial cells, macroscopic observation of bacterial colonies morphology, the automated system of microorganism identification (biochemical tests), the mass spectrometry method (analysis of bacterial proteome), and genetic analysis with PCR reactions. The obtained results revealed discrepancies in the identification of the tested bacterial strain with an atypical phenotype: mucous morphology of colonies, not characteristic for either E. coli and Citrobacter spp., mass spectrometry analysis of proteome initially assigned the tested strain to Citrobacter genus (C. freundii) and biochemical profiles pointed to Escherichia coli. A decisive method in the current study was genetic analysis with PCR reactions which identified conserved genetic sequences highly specific to E. coli species in the genome of the tested strain.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana/métodos , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/microbiologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz/métodos , Animais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana/instrumentação , Fezes/microbiologia , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/química , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/classificação , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/genética , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/diagnóstico , Humanos , Fenótipo
5.
Carbohydr Polym ; 101: 846-56, 2014 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24299847

RESUMO

Transition metal ions and radicals in flours of various botanical origins with different content of starch have been studied by EPR before and after thermal treatment. The amounts of metal ions, have been determined by ICP OES. Simulations of EPR spectra have revealed the presence of several types of radicals (carbon-centred, tyrosyl and semiquinone) localized in starch and protein fractions of flours. Thermal treatment of flours significantly increased the amount of radicals with a simultaneous decrease of the signal intensity of transition metal ions. The proposed mechanism of thermal generation of stable organic radicals was associated with the redox processes involving transition metal ions, which facilitated the formation of radicals. The dependence between the way starch is treated and the mechanism of radical formation was also shown.


Assuntos
Farinha , Amido/química , Temperatura , Radicais Livres/química , Elementos de Transição/química
6.
Talanta ; 96: 82-8, 2012 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22817932

RESUMO

The paper presents application of a new resin dedicated to copper(II) flow-injection on-line preconcentration prior its flame atomic absorption spectrometric (FAAS) determination. The new sorbent, obtained by suspension polymerization technique, was styrene-divinylbenzene copolymer modified with 5-dodecylsalicylaldoxime-copper(II) complex. In flow mode leaching of initially imprinted Cu(II) ions from polymer beads was effective with 1% (v/v) nitric acid, however for elution of ions retained on the sorbent during the loading process sufficient efficiency was obtained for 0.5% (v/v) nitric acid. The most effective copper(II) sorption was observed within sample pH ca. 6.3 at flow rate 7.5mLmin(-1). Furthermore, preconcentration studies of Cu(II) ions realized in the presence of popular foreign ions like Cd(II), Pb(II), Zn(II), Ni(II), Mn(II), Co(II) did not reveal significant interference. The expected effect of Cu(II)-imprinting was confirmed by higher tolerance level for interferents ions concentration for the new sorbent than for the control polymer. It was found that alkaline metals ions and humic acid had the most relevant influence on copper(II) uptake. Accuracy of the evaluated method was assessed for analysis of water samples (tap and mineral water, river water, artesian water) and certified water reference materials compare them to results obtained by inductively plasma mass spectrometry. The satisfactory relative error values obtained with use of standard addition calibration method, confirms the feasibility of this method for Cu(II) determination in water samples. Application of 120s sorption time enabled to obtain 74-fold enrichment factor and limit of detection (3σ) equal to 0.4µgL(-1).


Assuntos
Métodos Analíticos de Preparação de Amostras/métodos , Cobre/análise , Cobre/química , Oximas/química , Poliestirenos/química , Espectrofotometria Atômica/métodos , Análise de Injeção de Fluxo , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Troca Iônica , Cinética , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Água/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química
7.
Talanta ; 96: 89-95, 2012 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22817933

RESUMO

The paper presents application of multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) modified with 5-dodecylsalicylaldoxime to copper(II) flow-injection on-line preconcentration and flame atomic absorption spectrometric (FAAS) determination. Two new sorbents were obtained by impregnation of MWCNTs with Cu(II)-LIX 622(®) complex, however in the first case modification was preceded by carbon wall activation via oxidization (Cu-LIX-CNT-A sorbent), and in the second one no surface activation was performed (Cu-LIX-CNT sorbent). It was found that effective leaching of initially introduced copper and Cu(II) retained in preconcentration process could be realized with the use 7% and 5% (v/v) nitric acid, for particular sorbents. Testing the influence of loading solution pH and rate of loading on sorption it was found out that optimal range of loading solution pH was about 4.5-6.3 for activated and 6.15-6.25 for non-activated CNT. Investigation of sorption kinetics showed that the process can be described by pseudo-second order reaction model. Sorption equilibrium conditions (90% sorption) for LIX-CNT-A and LIX-CNT were obtained after 8-15min, respectively and maximum sorption capacity for the new sorbents amounted to 18.1mgg(-1) and 31.6mgg(-1), respectively. For the examined sorbents enrichment factors increased with extension of loading time up to 180s: linearly for activated and non-linearly for non-activated MWCNTs. Influence of potential interferents such as Cd(II), Zn(II), Fe(III), Mg(II) and Ca(II) ions on copper(II) sorption on the new CNT materials was examined individually and with the use of 2(5-2) factorial design. The study revealed significant interference from iron, magnesium and calcium ions at relatively high concentrations. Applicability of the proposed sorbents was tested for Cu(II) determination in various kinds of water samples and the results were compared with those obtained with the use of ICP MS as a reference technique. Copper(II) determination in two certified reference materials: waste water (EU-H-3) and ground (ES-H-2) water was performed in order to assess trueness of the evaluated preconcentration procedures. Satisfactory values of relative errors were obtained for both procedures.

8.
Talanta ; 80(3): 1305-10, 2010 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20006092

RESUMO

A new cadmium(II)-imprinted polymer based on cadmium(II) 2,2'-{ethane-1,2-diylbis[nitrilo(E)methylylidene]} diphenolate-4-vinylpyridine complex was obtained via suspension polymerization. The beads were used as a minicolumn packing for flow-injection-flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FI-FAAS) determination of cadmium(II) in water samples. Sorption effectiveness was optimal within pH range of 6.6-7.7. Nitric acid, 0.5% (v/v) was used as eluent. Fast cadmium(II) sorption by the proposed material enabled to apply sample flow rates up to 10mLmin(-1) without loss in sorption effectiveness. Enrichment factor (EF), concentration efficiency (CE) and limit of detection (LOD, 3sigma) found for 120-s sorption time were 117, 39.1min(-1) and 0.11microgL(-1), respectively. Sorbent stability was proved for at least 100 preconcentration cycles (RSD=2.9%). When compared to non-imprinted polymer the new Cd(II)-imprinted polymer exhibited improved selectivity towards cadmium(II) against other heavy metal ions, especially Cu(II) and Pb(II), as well as light metal ions. Accuracy of the method was tested for ground water and waste water certified reference materials and fortified water. The method was applied to Cd(II) determination in natural water samples.


Assuntos
Cádmio/análise , Cádmio/química , Impressão Molecular , Polímeros/síntese química , Análise de Injeção de Fluxo , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Espectrofotometria Atômica , Água/química
9.
Talanta ; 76(1): 96-101, 2008 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18585247

RESUMO

A new Cu(II)-imprinted polymer (Cu-IIP) for preconcentration of copper by liquid-solid extraction via flow injection technique has been proposed. Cu-IIP was obtained by copolymerization of salen-Cu(II) complex with styrene and divinylbenzene using suspension polymerization technique. Granules fraction of 60-80 microm in diameter was used as a microcolumn packing. Cu(II) sorption was proved to be the most effective from solutions of pH 7, whereas similar elution effectiveness was observed when applying as eluents hydrochloric or nitric acid in the concentration range of 0.5-10% (v/v). The system exhibited good long-term stability and acid resistance. Batch sorbent capacity was found to be 0.11 mmol g(-1) of a dry polymer. Enrichment factor (EF) for 30 s loading time was 16. Preconcentration of Cu(II) and potentially interfering metal ions is strongly pH dependent. Examination of Cu(II) sorption in the presence of Pb(II), Cd(II), Zn(II) and Ag(I) showed significant influence of cadmium and zinc ions only and that was for the interferent concentrations above 0.5 mg L(-1) (Cu-IIP mass of ca. 35 mg). The interference effect was reduced with the sorbent mass increase. Fe(III) and Mn(II) ions, present in treated tap water in relatively high concentrations, did not interfere. Effective pH adjusting of the loaded solution in on-line mode, when applying diluted Clark-Lubs buffering solution, allowed accurate copper determination in tap water (compared to graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry, GFAAS) using standard addition or combination calibration method.

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