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1.
BMC Surg ; 20(1): 24, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32013941

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We report a case of an intraabdominal desmoid tumor that occurred at a gastro-pancreatic lesion with spontaneous cystic features, and present the successful laparoscopic resection of the tumor. CASE PRESENTATION: A 20-mm retroperitoneal cystic mass with a solid component was found adjacent to the stomach and pancreatic body in a 52-year-old woman with no history of familial adenomatous polyposis. Laparoscopic spleen-preserving distal pancreatectomy with wedge resection of the stomach was performed, and complete resection was achieved without intraoperative and postoperative complications. Histopathological examination by immunohistochemistry enabled diagnosis of a desmoid tumor that had originated from the stomach and invaded the pancreatic parenchyma with a spontaneous cystic change. We herein report an extremely rare case of an intraabdominal desmoid tumor with a spontaneous cystic change. CONCLUSION: Regardless of its rarity, desmoid tumor should be included in the preoperative differential diagnosis of a cystic intraabdominal mass, and laparoscopic function-preserving surgery may be an optimal treatment option.

2.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 2020 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32036480

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC) of the esophagus and the stomach is aggressive. The purpose of this study was to determine the optimal therapeutic strategy. METHODS: Both clinicopathological factors and treatment results were examined in 34 patients with immunohistochemically diagnosed NEC of the upper gastrointestinal tract (esophagus 22; stomach 12). RESULTS: Twenty-nine tumors showed protruding and localized type, like submucosal tumor. Esophagectomy and gastrectomy were performed in six and eight patients, respectively. Among the six patients with esophageal NEC, three with node metastasis developed recurrence within seven months, while the other three (pT1bN0) had no recurrence. Regarding gastric NEC, three patients with pT3N1 or 2 tumor received adjuvant chemotherapy and achieved a 5-year survival. However, the other five experienced recurrence after gastrectomy. Systemic chemotherapy was performed as the main treatment for 18 patients with advanced NEC. The median survival was 10 months after initial chemotherapy. No marked differences in the response were recognized between the 14 cases with esophageal NEC and the 4 with gastric NEC. The median survival was 14.3 and 5.3 months for the 11 effective and 7 non-effective patients, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: A macroscopically unique appearance, like submucosal tumor, suggests the possibility of NEC. Esophagectomy is an effective treatment option for limited-stage NEC without node metastasis, while gastrectomy followed by adjuvant chemotherapy may be effective for NEC even with node metastasis when R0 resection can be achieved. Systemic chemotherapy is relatively effective for advanced NEC, although early progression frequently develops.

3.
Esophagus ; 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31912332

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRTx) for esophageal cancer, a radiotherapy (RT) dose of 50.4 Gy in 28 fractions has been the standard in many countries, while 60 Gy in 30 fractions has been frequently used in Japan. To clarify the optimal RT dose in CRTx for esophageal cancer, we compared clinical outcomes with the two doses using data from the Comprehensive Registry of Esophageal Cancer in Japan by the Japan Esophageal Society (JES). METHODS: Of the patients enrolled in the registry for 2015-2017 surveys (patients treated between 2009 and 2011), 996 patients who received definitive CRTx with 50.4 Gy or 60 Gy for thoracic esophageal cancer were eligible for analysis. RESULTS: The complete response (CR) rates in the 50.4 Gy and 60 Gy groups were 49.1% and 46.4%, respectively (p = 0.5851). The 5-year overall survival (OS) rates in the 50.4 Gy group and 60 Gy group for stages I, II/III and IV were 64.2% and 57.2%, 35.0% and 27.0%, and 18.0% and 15.3%, respectively. Since no significant difference was found between the two groups, the 50.4 Gy group was not inferior to the 60 Gy group with regard to OS. CONCLUSIONS: The analysis revealed that the 50.4 Gy group had a non-inferior outcome in comparison with the 60 Gy group for stages I, II/III and IV thoracic esophageal cancer. These results were obtained from a large database for the first time in Japan.

4.
Esophagus ; 17(1): 41-49, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583502

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In 2009, the Japan Esophageal Society (JES) established a system for certification of qualified surgeons as "Board Certified Esophageal Surgeons" (BCESs) or institutes as "Authorized Institutes for Board Certified Esophageal Surgeons" (AIBCESs). We examined the short-term outcomes after esophagectomy, taking into consideration the certifications statuses of the institutes and surgeons. METHODS: This study investigated patients who underwent esophagectomy for thoracic esophageal cancer and who were registered in the Japanese National Clinical Database (NCD) between 2015 and 2017. Using hierarchical multivariable logistic regression analysis adjusted for patient-level risk factors, we determined whether the institute's or surgeon's certification status had greater influence on surgery-related mortality or postoperative complications. RESULTS: Enrolled were 16,752 patients operated on at 854 institutes by 1879 surgeons. There were significant differences in the backgrounds and incidences of postoperative complications and surgery-related mortality rates between the 11,162 patients treated at AIBCESs and the 5590 treated at Non-AIBCESs (surgery-related mortality rates: 1.6% vs 2.8%). There were also differences between the 6854 patients operated on by a BCES and the 9898 treated by a Non-BCES (1.7% vs 2.2%). Hierarchical logistic regression analysis revealed that surgery-related mortality was significantly lower among patients treated at AIBCESs. The institute's certification had greater influence on short-term surgical outcomes than the operating surgeon's certification. CONCLUSIONS: The certification system for surgeons and institutes established by the JES appears to be appropriate, as indicated by the improved surgery-related mortality rate. It also appears that the JES certification system contributes to a more appropriate medical delivery system for thoracic esophageal cancer in Japan.

5.
Esophagus ; 17(1): 25-32, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473871

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although esophagectomy is the standard treatment for resectable esophageal cancer, chemoradiotherapy or radiotherapy alone is also selected for some cases. However, there have been very few detailed studies conducted on a large scale on the efficacy of these treatments in Japan. METHODS: Of the patients enrolled in the Comprehensive Registry of Esophageal Cancer in Japan by the Japan Esophageal Society for the 2015-2017 surveys (patients treated between 2009 and 2011), the data of 388 patients treated by definitive radiotherapy alone (RTx) and 1964 patients treated by definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRTx) were analyzed. RESULTS: The median age of the patients was 78 years in the RTx group and 69 years in the CRTx group; thus, the proportion of elderly patients was significantly higher in the RTx group than in the CRTx group (p < 0.0001). With regard to the rates of treatment by the two modalities according to the depth of invasion, extent of lymph node metastasis, and disease stage, the treatment rate by CRTx increased more significantly than that by RTx as the disease progressed (p < 0.0001). With regard to the distribution of the total irradiation dose, 11.4% and 2.3% of patients in the RTx and CRTx groups, respectively, received a dose of 67 Gy or more; thus, the RTx group received significantly higher total irradiation doses (p < 0.0001). In the RTx group, the 5-year overall survival rate was 23.2%, and the rates in patients with cStage 0-I, II, III, and IV disease were 41.8%,18.5%, 9.3%, and 13.9%, respectively. In the patients of the RTx group showing complete response (CR), the 5-year overall survival rate was 46.6% and the rates in patients with cStage 0-I, II, III, and IV disease were 54.8%, 39.6%, 32.4%, and 38.9%, respectively. In the CRTx group, the 5-year overall survival rate was 30.6% and the rates in patients with cStage 0-I, II, III, and IV disease were 57.8%, 47.8%, 23.4%, and 13.0%, respectively. In the patients of the CRTx group showing CR, the 5-year overall survival rate was 59.2% and the rates in patients with cStage 0-I, II, III, and IV disease were 67.9%, 59.5%, 56.5%, and 39.6%, respectively. CONCLUSION: This study revealed the current status of treatment of esophageal cancer in Japan, and we think that we have been able to establish the grounds for explaining to patients with esophageal cancer and their families the treatment decisions made for them in daily clinical practice.

6.
J Surg Res ; 245: 281-287, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421374

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation and immune response play crucial roles in tumor growth; neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is a known systemic inflammatory scoring system. Previous studies have reported that NLR is a prognostic biomarker in various human cancers. The aim of this study was to determine whether the NLR predicts tumor recurrence in patients with stage I-II rectal cancer after curative resection. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 130 consecutive patients with stage I-II rectal cancer who underwent curative resection between January 2006 and March 2015 at our institution without any preoperative treatment. We investigated whether clinicopathologic factors including NLR were associated with cancer recurrence after curative surgery. RESULTS: There were four cases (3.1%) of cancer-specific deaths and 16 cases (12.3%) of recurrence; the 5-year disease-free survival rate was 85.6%. NLR, pathologic T-category, and lymphatic invasion were significantly associated with disease-free survival. Multivariate analysis further showed that these three factors were independently associated with disease-free survival. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative NLR could predict tumor relapse in stage I-II rectal cancer and might be a useful biomarker for predicting recurrence in patients undergoing curative resection.

7.
World J Surg ; 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701157

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anatomical esophageal position may affect the short-term outcomes after minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE). A previous single-institutional retrospective study suggested that the presence of a left-sided esophagus (LSE) made MIE more difficult and increased the incidence of postoperative complications. METHODS: The current study was a multicenter retrospective study of 303 patients with esophageal cancer who underwent MIE at six esophageal cancer high-volume centers in Kyushu, Japan, between April 2011 and August 2016. The patients were divided into the LSE (66 patients) and non-LSE groups (237 patients) based on the esophageal position on computed tomography images obtained with the patients in the supine position. RESULTS: Univariate analysis showed that patients with LSE were significantly older than those with non-LSE (69 ± 8 vs. 65 ± 9 years; P = 0.002), had a significantly greater incidence of cardiovascular comorbidity (65.2% vs. 47.7%; P = 0.013), and a significantly longer operating time (612 ± 112 vs. 579 ± 102 min; P = 0.025). Logistic regression analysis verified that LSE was an independent risk factor for the incidence of pneumonia (odds ratio 3.3, 95% confidence interval 1.254-8.695; P = 0.016). CONCLUSIONS: The presence of a LSE can increase the procedural difficulty of MIE and the incidence of morbidity after MIE. Thus, careful attention must be paid to anatomical esophageal position before performing MIE.

8.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6347-6353, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704866

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the significance of immunonutritional and physical index in the assessment of risk associated with pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) in the elderly. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study enrolled 92 patients who underwent PD. They were divided into 2 groups: Group A included patients 79 years and younger (n=79) and Group B patients 80 years and older (n=13). Among 37 patients, physical function and body composition were also evaluated. RESULTS: Significantly higher neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio, lower prognostic nutritional index (PNI), and controlling nutritional score were observed in Group B. Muscle strength and walking ability were significantly impaired in Group B, although there was no significant difference in body composition. Age was not correlated with the incidence of postoperative complications, overall survival or recurrence-free survival by univariate and multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: PD is justified for the elderly, with acceptable morbidity and prognosis. However, immunonutritional status and physical function are significantly impaired; thus, appropriate case selection and active nutritional support are required for the elderly.


Assuntos
Limitação da Mobilidade , Força Muscular , Estado Nutricional , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise de Variância , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Composição Corporal , Comorbidade , Neoplasias Duodenais/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutrófilos/citologia , Avaliação Nutricional , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Albumina Sérica/análise
9.
Front Microbiol ; 10: 1780, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31428073

RESUMO

The salivary microbiota is constantly swallowed and delivered to the digestive tract. These bacteria may be associated with gastrointestinal diseases. This case-control study examined the salivary microbiota in patients with digestive tract cancer (DTC) and evaluated their differential distribution based on the cancer sites. We collected saliva samples from 59 patients with cancer in any part of the digestive tract (tongue/pharynx, esophagus, stomach, and large intestine) and from 118 age- and sex-matched control subjects. There was no significant difference in periodontal status between DTC patients and control subjects (P = 0.72). We examined the bacterial diversity and composition in saliva by 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing. Salivary bacterial diversity in DTC patients was significantly higher than that in control subjects [number of operational taxonomic units (OTUs), P = 0.02; Shannon index, P < 0.01; Chao1, P = 0.04]. Eleven differentially abundant OTUs in DTC patients were identified using the linear discriminant analysis effect size (LEfSe) method. Based on the cancer sites, the diversity of salivary bacteria was especially higher in tongue/pharyngeal or esophageal cancer patients than in control subjects. Among the 11 differentially abundant OTUs in DTC patients, an OTU corresponding to Porphyromonas gingivalis was more abundant in the saliva of all groups of DTC patients compared to that in control subjects, and an OTU corresponding to Corynebacterium species was more abundant in all groups other than gastric cancer patients (P < 0.01). In addition, the relative abundances of OTUs corresponding to Fusobacterium nucleatum, Streptococcus parasanguinis II, and Neisseria species were significantly higher in tongue/pharyngeal cancer patients compared to their abundances in control subjects (P < 0.01). The relative abundance of an OTU corresponding to the Neisseria species was also significantly higher in gastric cancer patients and that of an OTU corresponding to Actinomyces odontolyticus was significantly higher in colorectal cancer patients (P < 0.01). These results suggest that the salivary microbiota might be associated with various digestive tract cancers.

11.
Gen Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 67(6): 573-575, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31020479

RESUMO

In the original publication of the article, the values of the row "Norwood procedure", under "(3) Main procedure" in Table 3 were published incorrectly. The corrected part of the table is given in this Correction.

12.
Esophagus ; 16(4): 362-370, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30980202

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It remains unknown how much institutional medical structure and process of implementation of clinical practice guidelines for esophageal cancers can improve quality of surgical outcome in Japan. METHODS: A web-based questionnaire survey was performed for departments registered in the National Clinical Database in Japan from October 2014 to January 2015. Quality indicators (QIs) including structure and process indicators (clinical practice guideline adherence) were evaluated on the risk-adjusted odds ratio for operative mortality (AOR) of the patients using registered cases in the database who underwent esophagectomy and reconstruction in 2013 and 2014. RESULTS: Among 916 departments which registered at least one esophagectomy case during the study period, 454 departments (49.6%) responded to the questionnaire. Analyses of 6661 cases revealed that two structure QIs (certification of training hospitals by Japan Esophageal Society and presence of board-certified esophageal surgeons) were associated with significantly lower AOR (p < 0.001 and p = 0.005, respectively). One highly recommended process QI regarding preoperative chemotherapy had strong tendency to associate with lower AOR (p = 0.053). In two process QIs, the answer "performed at the doctor's discretion" showed a significant negative impact on prognosis, suggesting importance of institutional uniformity. CONCLUSIONS: The medical institutional structure of board-certified training sites for esophageal surgeons and of participation of board-certified esophageal surgeons improves surgical outcome in Japan. Establishment of appropriate QIs and their uniform implementation would be crucial for future quality improvement of medical care in esophagectomy.

14.
Ann Surg ; 2019 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30720501

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to elucidate whether minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) can be safely performed by reviewing the Japanese National Clinical Database. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: MIE is being increasingly adopted, even for advanced esophageal cancer that requires various preoperative treatments. However, the superiority of MIE's short-term outcomes compared with those of open esophagectomy (OE) has not been definitively established in general clinical practice. METHODS: This study included 24,233 esophagectomies for esophageal cancer conducted between 2012 and 2016. Esophagectomy for clinical T4 and M1 stages, urgent esophagectomy, 2-stage esophagectomy, and R2 resection were excluded. The effects of preoperative treatment and surgery on short-term outcomes were analyzed using generalized estimating equations logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: MIE was superior or equivalent to OE in terms of the incidence of most postoperative morbidities and surgery-related mortality, regardless of the type of preoperative treatment. Notably, MIE performed with no preoperative treatment was associated with significantly less incidence of any pulmonary morbidities, prolonged ventilation ≥48 hours, unplanned intubation, surgical site infection, and sepsis. However, reoperation within 30 days in patients with no preoperative treatment was frequently observed after MIE. The total surgery-related mortality rates of MIE and OE were 1.7% and 2.4%, respectively (P < 0.001). Increasing age, low preoperative activities of daily living, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status ≥3, diabetes mellitus requiring insulin use, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, congestive heart failure, creatinine ≥1.2 mg/dL, and lower hospital case volume were identified as independent risk factors for surgery-related mortality. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that MIE can replace OE in various situations from the perspective of short-term outcome.

15.
Esophagus ; 16(1): 114-121, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30324431

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since 2013, The Japan Esophageal Society has been certifying "Authorized Institute for Board Certified Esophageal Surgeon (AIBCES)" to contribute to improving national medical care by enhancing the professional knowledge and skills of esophageal surgeons. However, the appropriateness on this certification system has not yet been verified. Our aim was to assess the appropriateness of the institute certification system for esophageal surgeries used by the medical society. METHODS: Using data from the National Database of Hospital-based Cancer Registries, we analyzed the 5-year overall survival rates among 2135 patients with thoracic esophageal cancer who underwent an esophagectomy at 53 AIBCES or 141 non-AIBCES. RESULTS: There were 1343 (63%) patients who underwent surgery at an AIBCES and 792 (37%) who underwent surgery at a non-AIBCES. Registered patients were followed up for a median of 53 (range 1-88) months. Over the followed-up period examined, 670 (50%) patients treated at an AIBCES died and 455 (57%) treated at a non-AIBCES died. Comparison of the Kaplan-Meier survival curves indicated that patients with cStage II or cStage III disease treated at an AIBCES had significantly better 5-year survival rates than those treated at a non-AIBCES (55.4% vs. 44.9% and 38.0% vs. 30.3%, respectively). Univariate and multivariate analyses stratified based on stages and adjuvant therapies revealed that institute certification (AIBCES vs. non-AIBCES) is a significant independent factor for 5-year survival. CONCLUSIONS: The institute certification system used by the Japan Esophageal Society may be appropriate, as indicated by improved 5-year survival outcomes. The institute certification system has the potential to contribute to a more appropriate medical delivery system in the future.


Assuntos
Institutos de Câncer/normas , Certificação , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Esofagectomia/normas , Idoso , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Competência Clínica , Bases de Dados Factuais , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/terapia , Esofagectomia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Sistema de Registros , Sociedades Médicas , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Surg Endosc ; 33(2): 510-519, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30030615

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery is frequently performed, and laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) is also widely performed for gastric cancer. Elderly population with gastric cancer has increased in East Asia, including in Japan. METHODS: We examined 1131 patients with gastric cancer who underwent laparoscopic and open standard surgeries (OG). A total of 921 patients of age < 75 years (non-E group) and 210 patients of age ≥ 75 years (E group) underwent surgery for gastric cancer. The mortality, morbidity, and prognosis of LG and OG were compared by propensity score-matched analysis. RESULTS: Mortality and morbidity in the E group were significantly higher than those in the non-E group (p < 0.05). Propensity score-matching revealed that the incidence of postoperative complications of grade ≥ 2 in the OG subgroup was significantly higher than that in the LG subgroup in the E group (p < 0.05). The overall survival rate of the LG subgroup was significantly higher than that of the OG subgroup in both the non-E and E groups (p < 0.05). The depth of tumor invasion, lymph node metastasis, and the number of dissected lymph nodes were dependent factors for survival in the non-E group, whereas the depth of tumor invasion was the only dependent factor for survival in the E group in the multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: The survival rate of patients who underwent LG showed significantly good prognosis in both the non-E and E groups, although the E group patients who underwent OG subgroup showed higher severe complication incidences than those who underwent LG subgroup.

19.
World J Surg Oncol ; 17(1): 232, 2019 Dec 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31888657

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The management of infectious complications is important in pancreatoduodenectomy (PD). We sought to determine the significance of preoperative surveillance bile culture in perioperative management of PD. METHODS: This study enrolled 69 patients who underwent PD for malignant tumors at a single institute between 2014 and 2017. Surveillance bile culture was performed before or during surgery. Correlations between the incidence of infectious postoperative complications and clinicopathological parameters, including bile cultures, were evaluated. RESULTS: Preoperative positive bile culture was confirmed in 28 of 51 patients (55%). Bile culture was positive in 27 of 30 cases (90%) with preoperative biliary drainage, and 1 of 21 cases (5%) without drainage (p < 0.01). Preoperative isolated microorganisms in bile were consistent with those detected in surgical sites in 11 of 27 cases (41%). Cases with positive multi-drug-resistant bacteria in preoperative bile culture showed significantly higher incisional SSI after PD (p = 0.01). The risk factors for the incidence of organ/space SSI were soft pancreatic texture (p = 0.01) and smoking history (p = 0.02) by multivariate analysis. Preoperative positive bile culture was neither associated with organ/space SSI nor overall postoperative complications. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative surveillance bile culture is useful for the management of wound infection, prediction of causative pathogens for infectious complications, and the selection of perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis.

20.
Br J Cancer ; 119(4): 419-423, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30072744

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aim to investigate the utility of serial gene mutation tracking for locally advanced CRC in those who underwent curative resection following neoadjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS: We prospectively collected 10 locally advanced CRC cases for which curative resection was performed following preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Tissues from the primary tumour, distant metastatic tumours, and blood plasma were obtained during serial treatment. Comprehensive mutation analysis of 47 cancer-associated genes was performed using a pre-designed gene panel and next-generation sequencing. RESULTS: All cases showed a partial response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and pathological R0 resection was accomplished. In primary tumours, non-synonymous mutations were detected at between 1 and 14 sites before chemotherapy and at between 1 and 2 sites after. Founder mutations were precisely detected in blood plasma and metastatic tumours during longitudinal treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Serial mutational analysis indicated that subclonal selection occurs during chemotherapy and that plasma can substitute for tumourous tissue in mutational analysis for drug selection and treatment decisions.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Análise Mutacional de DNA/métodos , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala/métodos , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Feminino , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/efeitos dos fármacos , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/efeitos da radiação , Humanos , Masculino , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Estudos Prospectivos , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
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