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1.
Drug Discov Today ; 2021 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33497831

RESUMO

Kinases, accounting for 20% of the human genome, have been the focus of pharmaceutical drug discovery efforts for over three decades. Despite concerns surrounding the tractability of kinases as drug targets, it is evident that kinase drug discovery offers great potential, underscored by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of 48 small-molecule kinase inhibitors. Despite these successes, it is challenging to identify novel kinome selective inhibitors with good pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) properties, and resistance to kinase inhibitor treatment frequently arises. A new era of kinase drug discovery predicates the need for diverse and powerful tools to discover the next generation of kinase inhibitors. Here, we outline key tenets of the Bristol Meyers Squibb (BMS) kinase platform, to enable efficient generation of highly optimized kinase inhibitors.

2.
J Med Chem ; 64(1): 677-694, 2021 01 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33370104

RESUMO

A search for structurally diversified Tyk2 JH2 ligands from 6 (BMS-986165), a pyridazine carboxamide-derived Tyk2 JH2 ligand as a clinical Tyk2 inhibitor currently in late development for the treatment of psoriasis, began with a survey of six-membered heteroaryl groups in place of the N-methyl triazolyl moiety in 6. The X-ray co-crystal structure of an early lead (12) revealed a potential new binding pocket. Exploration of the new pocket resulted in two frontrunners for a clinical candidate. The potential hydrogen bonding interaction with Thr599 in the pocket was achieved with a tertiary amide moiety, confirmed by the X-ray co-crystal structure of 29. When the diversity search was extended to nicotinamides, a single fluorine atom addition was found to significantly enhance the permeability, which directly led to the discovery of 7 (BMS-986202) as a clinical Tyk2 inhibitor that binds to Tyk2 JH2. The preclinical studies of 7, including efficacy studies in mouse models of IL-23-driven acanthosis, anti-CD40-induced colitis, and spontaneous lupus, will also be presented.


Assuntos
Ciclopropanos/farmacologia , Descoberta de Drogas , Oxazóis/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , TYK2 Quinase/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Catálise , Cristalografia por Raios X , Ciclopropanos/química , Humanos , Camundongos , Oxazóis/química , Ligação Proteica , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Psoríase/tratamento farmacológico , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , TYK2 Quinase/metabolismo
3.
J Med Chem ; 62(20): 8973-8995, 2019 10 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31318208

RESUMO

Small molecule JAK inhibitors have emerged as a major therapeutic advancement in treating autoimmune diseases. The discovery of isoform selective JAK inhibitors that traditionally target the catalytically active site of this kinase family has been a formidable challenge. Our strategy to achieve high selectivity for TYK2 relies on targeting the TYK2 pseudokinase (JH2) domain. Herein we report the late stage optimization efforts including a structure-guided design and water displacement strategy that led to the discovery of BMS-986165 (11) as a high affinity JH2 ligand and potent allosteric inhibitor of TYK2. In addition to unprecedented JAK isoform and kinome selectivity, 11 shows excellent pharmacokinetic properties with minimal profiling liabilities and is efficacious in several murine models of autoimmune disease. On the basis of these findings, 11 appears differentiated from all other reported JAK inhibitors and has been advanced as the first pseudokinase-directed therapeutic in clinical development as an oral treatment for autoimmune diseases.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Descoberta de Drogas , Compostos Heterocíclicos/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , TYK2 Quinase/antagonistas & inibidores , Regulação Alostérica/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Cristalografia por Raios X , Compostos Heterocíclicos/química , Compostos Heterocíclicos/farmacocinética , Compostos Heterocíclicos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Camundongos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico
4.
J Med Chem ; 62(20): 8953-8972, 2019 10 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31314518

RESUMO

As a member of the Janus (JAK) family of nonreceptor tyrosine kinases, TYK2 plays an important role in mediating the signaling of pro-inflammatory cytokines including IL-12, IL-23, and type 1 interferons. The nicotinamide 4, identified by a SPA-based high-throughput screen targeting the TYK2 pseudokinase domain, potently inhibits IL-23 and IFNα signaling in cellular assays. The described work details the optimization of this poorly selective hit (4) to potent and selective molecules such as 47 and 48. The discoveries described herein were critical to the eventual identification of the clinical TYK2 JH2 inhibitor (see following report in this issue). Compound 48 provided robust inhibition in a mouse IL-12-induced IFNγ pharmacodynamic model as well as efficacy in an IL-23 and IL-12-dependent mouse colitis model. These results demonstrate the ability of TYK2 JH2 domain binders to provide a highly selective alternative to conventional TYK2 orthosteric inhibitors.


Assuntos
Niacinamida/análogos & derivados , Ácidos Nicotínicos/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , TYK2 Quinase/antagonistas & inibidores , Regulação Alostérica , Animais , Humanos , Ligantes , Camundongos , Niacinamida/metabolismo , Niacinamida/farmacologia , Ácidos Nicotínicos/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
5.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 10(3): 383-388, 2019 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30891145

RESUMO

In sharp contrast to a previously reported series of 6-anilino imidazopyridazine based Tyk2 JH2 ligands, 6-((2-oxo-N1-substituted-1,2-dihydropyridin-3-yl)amino)imidazo[1,2-b]pyridazine analogs were found to display dramatically improved metabolic stability. The N1-substituent on 2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyridine ring can be a variety of alkyl, aryl, and heteroaryl groups, but among them, 2-pyridyl provided much enhanced Caco-2 permeability, attributed to its ability to form intramolecular hydrogen bonds. Further structure-activity relationship studies at the C3 position led to the identification of highly potent and selective Tyk2 JH2 inhibitor 6, which proved to be highly effective in inhibiting IFNγ production in a rat pharmacodynamics model and fully efficacious in a rat adjuvant arthritis model.

6.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 27(14): 3101-3106, 2017 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28539220

RESUMO

A series of potent dual JAK1/3 inhibitors have been developed from a moderately selective JAK3 inhibitor. Substitution at the C6 position of the pyrrolopyridazine core with aryl groups provided exceptional biochemical potency against JAK1 and JAK3 while maintaining good selectivity against JAK2 and Tyk2. Translation to in vivo efficacy was observed in a murine model of chronic inflammation. X-ray co-crystal structure determination confirmed the presumed inhibitor binding orientation in JAK3. Efforts to reduce hERG channel inhibition will be described.


Assuntos
Janus Quinase 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Janus Quinase 3/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Piridazinas/química , Pirróis/química , Animais , Sítios de Ligação , Domínio Catalítico , Linhagem Celular , Cristalografia por Raios X , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Meia-Vida , Humanos , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Janus Quinase 1/metabolismo , Janus Quinase 2/antagonistas & inibidores , Janus Quinase 2/metabolismo , Janus Quinase 3/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Conformação Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética , Piridazinas/síntese química , Piridazinas/farmacocinética , Pirróis/síntese química , Pirróis/farmacocinética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , TYK2 Quinase/antagonistas & inibidores , TYK2 Quinase/metabolismo
8.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 6(8): 845-9, 2015 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26288682

RESUMO

Early hit to lead work on a pyrrolopyridine chemotype provided access to compounds with biochemical and cellular potency against Janus kinase 2 (JAK2). Structure-based drug design along the extended hinge region of JAK2 led to the identification of an important H-bond interaction with the side chain of Tyr 931, which improved JAK family selectivity. The 4,5-dimethyl thiazole analogue 18 demonstrated high levels of JAK family selectivity and was identified as a promising lead for the program.

9.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 6(8): 850-5, 2015 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26288683

RESUMO

JAK2 kinase inhibitors are a promising new class of agents for the treatment of myeloproliferative neoplasms and have potential for the treatment of other diseases possessing a deregulated JAK2-STAT pathway. X-ray structure and ADME guided refinement of C-4 heterocycles to address metabolic liability present in dialkylthiazole 1 led to the discovery of a clinical candidate, BMS-911543 (11), with excellent kinome selectivity, in vivo PD activity, and safety profile.

10.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 25(14): 2809-12, 2015 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25987372
11.
J Biol Chem ; 290(17): 11061-74, 2015 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25762719

RESUMO

Inhibition of signal transduction downstream of the IL-23 receptor represents an intriguing approach to the treatment of autoimmunity. Using a chemogenomics approach marrying kinome-wide inhibitory profiles of a compound library with the cellular activity against an IL-23-stimulated transcriptional response in T lymphocytes, a class of inhibitors was identified that bind to and stabilize the pseudokinase domain of the Janus kinase tyrosine kinase 2 (Tyk2), resulting in blockade of receptor-mediated activation of the adjacent catalytic domain. These Tyk2 pseudokinase domain stabilizers were also shown to inhibit Tyk2-dependent signaling through the Type I interferon receptor but not Tyk2-independent signaling and transcriptional cellular assays, including stimulation through the receptors for IL-2 (JAK1- and JAK3-dependent) and thrombopoietin (JAK2-dependent), demonstrating the high functional selectivity of this approach. A crystal structure of the pseudokinase domain liganded with a representative example showed the compound bound to a site analogous to the ATP-binding site in catalytic kinases with features consistent with high ligand selectivity. The results support a model where the pseudokinase domain regulates activation of the catalytic domain by forming receptor-regulated inhibitory interactions. Tyk2 pseudokinase stabilizers, therefore, represent a novel approach to the design of potent and selective agents for the treatment of autoimmunity.


Assuntos
Modelos Moleculares , Transdução de Sinais , Linfócitos T/enzimologia , TYK2 Quinase/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Estabilidade Enzimática , Humanos , Janus Quinase 1/genética , Janus Quinase 1/metabolismo , Janus Quinase 3/genética , Janus Quinase 3/metabolismo , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Receptores de Interleucina-2/genética , Receptores de Interleucina-2/metabolismo , Receptores de Trombopoetina/genética , Receptores de Trombopoetina/metabolismo , TYK2 Quinase/genética
12.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 24(24): 5721-5726, 2014 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25453808

RESUMO

A new class of Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors was discovered using a rationally designed pyrrolo[1,2-b]pyridazine-3-carboxamide scaffold. Preliminary studies identified (R)-(2,2-dimethylcyclopentyl)amine as a preferred C4 substituent on the pyrrolopyridazine core (3b). Incorporation of amino group to 3-position of the cyclopentane ring resulted in a series of JAK3 inhibitors (4g-4j) that potently inhibited IFNγ production in an IL2-induced whole blood assay and displayed high functional selectivity for JAK3-JAK1 pathway relative to JAK2. Further modifications led to the discovery of an orally bioavailable (2-fluoro-2-methylcyclopentyl)amino analogue 5g which is a nanomolar inhibitor of both JAK3 and TYK2, functionally selective for the JAK3-JAK1 pathway versus JAK2, and active in a human whole blood assay.


Assuntos
Descoberta de Drogas , Janus Quinase 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Janus Quinase 2/antagonistas & inibidores , Janus Quinase 3/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Piridazinas/química , Pirróis/química , Administração Oral , Animais , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Humanos , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Conformação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Distribuição Tecidual
13.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 23(14): 4120-6, 2013 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23746475

RESUMO

A novel series of p38 MAP kinase inhibitors with high selectivity for the p38α isoform over the other family members including the highly homologous p38ß isoform has been identified. X-ray co-crystallographic studies have revealed an unprecedented kinase binding mode in p38α for representative analogs, 5c and 9d, in which a Leu108/Met109 peptide flip occurs within the p38α hinge region. Based on these findings, a general strategy for the rational design of additional promising p38α isoform selective inhibitors by targeting this novel binding mode is proposed.


Assuntos
Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Sítios de Ligação , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Proteína Quinase 14 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Isoformas de Proteínas/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/metabolismo , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
14.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 22(18): 5995-8, 2012 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22902653

RESUMO

A series of aminothiazoles that are potent inhibitors of LIM kinases 1 and 2 is described. Appropriate choice of substituents led to molecules with good selectivity for either enzyme. An advanced member of the series was shown to effectively interfere with the phosphorylation of the LIM kinases substrate cofilin. Consistent with the important role of the LIM kinases in regulating cytoskeletal structure, treated cells displayed dramatically reduced F-actin content.


Assuntos
Fatores de Despolimerização de Actina/metabolismo , Quinases Lim/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Tiazóis/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Cristalografia por Raios X , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Quinases Lim/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tiazóis/síntese química , Tiazóis/química
16.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 21(2): 781-5, 2011 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21177105
17.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 20(9): 2998-3002, 2010 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20382527

RESUMO

Biarylamine-based inhibitors of Met kinase have been identified. Lead compounds demonstrate nanomolar potency in Met kinase biochemical assays and significant activity in the Met-driven GTL-16 human gastric carcinoma cell line. X-ray crystallography revealed that these compounds adopt a bioactive conformation, in the kinase domain, consistent with that previously seen with 2-pyridone-based Met kinase inhibitors. Compound 9b demonstrated potent in vivo antitumor activity in the GTL-16 human tumor xenograft model.


Assuntos
Aminas/química , Aminopiridinas/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-met/antagonistas & inibidores , Aminopiridinas/química , Aminopiridinas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Sítios de Ligação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cristalografia por Raios X , Desenho de Fármacos , Humanos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-met/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
18.
J Med Chem ; 52(21): 6527-30, 2009 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19821562

RESUMO

Structure-activity relationships in a series of 4-[1H-indazol-5-ylamino]pyrrolo[2,1-f][1,2,4]triazine-6-carbamates identified dual human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER)1/HER2 kinase inhibitors with excellent biochemical potency and kinase selectivity. On the basis of its favorable pharmacokinetic profile and robust in vivo activity in HER1 and HER2 driven tumor models, 13 (BMS-599626) was selected as a clinical candidate for treatment of solid tumors.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Carbamatos/síntese química , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor ErbB-2/antagonistas & inibidores , Triazinas/síntese química , Administração Oral , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Disponibilidade Biológica , Carbamatos/farmacocinética , Carbamatos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cães , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Macaca fascicularis , Camundongos , Transplante de Neoplasias , Estereoisomerismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Transplante Heterólogo , Triazinas/farmacocinética , Triazinas/farmacologia
19.
J Med Chem ; 52(5): 1251-4, 2009 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19260711

RESUMO

Substituted N-(4-(2-aminopyridin-4-yloxy)-3-fluoro-phenyl)-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyridine-3-carboxamides were identified as potent and selective Met kinase inhibitors. Substitution of the pyridine 3-position gave improved enzyme potency, while substitution of the pyridone 4-position led to improved aqueous solubility and kinase selectivity. Analogue 10 demonstrated complete tumor stasis in a Met-dependent GTL-16 human gastric carcinoma xenograft model following oral administration. Because of its excellent in vivo efficacy and favorable pharmacokinetic and preclinical safety profiles, 10 has been advanced into phase I clinical trials.


Assuntos
Aminopiridinas/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Di-Hidropiridinas/síntese química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-met/antagonistas & inibidores , Piridonas/síntese química , Administração Oral , Aminopiridinas/farmacocinética , Aminopiridinas/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cristalografia por Raios X , Di-Hidropiridinas/farmacocinética , Di-Hidropiridinas/farmacologia , Cães , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Modelos Moleculares , Piridonas/farmacocinética , Piridonas/farmacologia , Ratos , Solubilidade , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
20.
J Med Chem ; 51(17): 5330-41, 2008 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18690676

RESUMO

Conformationally constrained 2-pyridone analogue 2 is a potent Met kinase inhibitor with an IC50 value of 1.8 nM. Further SAR of the 2-pyridone based inhibitors of Met kinase led to potent 4-pyridone and pyridine N-oxide inhibitors such as 3 and 4. The X-ray crystallographic data of the inhibitor 2 bound to the ATP binding site of Met kinase protein provided insight into the binding modes of these inhibitors, and the SAR of this series of analogues was rationalized. Many of these analogues showed potent antiproliferative activities against the Met dependent GTL-16 gastric carcinoma cell line. Compound 2 also inhibited Flt-3 and VEGFR-2 kinases with IC50 values of 4 and 27 nM, respectively. It possesses a favorable pharmacokinetic profile in mice and demonstrates significant in vivo antitumor activity in the GTL-16 human gastric carcinoma xenograft model.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Fosfotransferases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/antagonistas & inibidores , Piridonas/farmacologia , Receptores de Fatores de Crescimento/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-met , Piridonas/síntese química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/antagonistas & inibidores , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/antagonistas & inibidores
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