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1.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596803

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) are a prognostic factor or an indicator of chemotherapy response for various malignancies. The aim of this study was to investigate the prognostic impact of TILs in resected intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHCC). We also investigated the usefulness of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) to predict TILs. METHODS: We enrolled 23 patients with IHCC who underwent initial hepatic resection in Tokushima University Hospital from 2006 to 2017. We evaluated stromal TILs in the tumor marginal area and central area in surgical specimens. Patients were divided into low vs high stromal TILs groups. We analyzed the patients' clinicopathological factors, including prognosis, according to the degree of stromal TILs. We also analyzed the correlation between stromal TILs and the minimum ADC value. RESULTS: Stromal TILs in the marginal area reflected overall survival more accurately than that in the central area. Additionally, marginal low TILs was significantly associated with lymph node metastasis and portal vein invasion. Both overall- and disease-free survival rates in the marginal low TILs group were significantly worse than those in the marginal high TILs group (P < 0.05). In the multivariate analysis, marginal low TILs were an independent prognostic factor for both overall- and disease-free survival (P < 0.05), and marginal low TILs were significantly associated with lower minimum ADC values (P < 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Stromal TILs, especially in the marginal area, might demonstrate prognostic impact in patients with IHCC. Moreover, the ADC values from MRI may predict TILs in IHCC tumor tissue.

2.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4637-4644, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475092

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate frailty as a prognostic factor in patients with colorectal liver metastasis undergoing hepatectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eighty-seven patients who underwent hepatectomy at our institution were enrolled. Frailty was defined as a score of ≥4 on a clinical frailty scale. Patients were divided into frailty (n=29) and non-frailty (n=58) groups. RESULTS: Overall and cancer-specific survival rates were significantly worse in the frailty group compared with the non-frailty group, and multivariate analysis revealed frailty as an independent prognostic factor. Disease-free survival tended to be worse in the frailty group. Fifty-eight patients relapsed after the first hepatectomy. Twenty-one of 58 recurrent patients were allocated to the frailty group. After recurrence, chemotherapy was significantly more frequently performed in the non-frailty group compared with the frailty group. CONCLUSION: Frailty can predict the prognosis of patients with colorectal liver metastasis undergoing hepatectomy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Hepatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Tratamento Farmacológico , Feminino , Fragilidade/complicações , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0256755, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34473785

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: As a multiple tyrosine kinase inhibitor, sorafenib is widely used to treat hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but patients frequently face resistance problems. Because the mechanism controlling sorafenib-resistance is not well understood, this study focused on the connection between tumor characteristics and the Nrf2 signaling pathway in a sorafenib-resistant HCC cell line. METHODS: A sorafenib-resistant HCC cell line (Huh7) was developed by increasing the dose of sorafenib in the culture medium until the target concentration was reached. Cell morphology, migration/invasion rates, and expression of stemness-related and ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter genes were compared between sorafenib-resistant Huh7 cells and parental Huh7 cells. Next, a small interfering RNA was used to knock down Nrf2 expression in sorafenib-resistant Huh7 cells, after which cell viability, stemness, migration, and ABC transporter gene expression were examined again. RESULTS: Proliferation, migration, and invasion rates of sorafenib-resistant Huh7 cells were significantly increased relative to the parental cells with or without sorafenib added to the medium. The expression levels of stemness markers and ABC transporter genes were up-regulated in sorafenib-resistant cells. After Nrf2 was knocked down in sorafenib-resistant cells, cell migration and invasion rates were reduced, and expression levels of stemness markers and ABC transporter genes were reduced. CONCLUSION: Nrf2 signaling promotes cancer stemness, migration, and expression of ABC transporter genes in sorafenib-resistant HCC cells.

4.
Int J Oncol ; 59(2)2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34195849

RESUMO

Targeting the tumor stroma is an important strategy in cancer treatment. Cancer­associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and tumor­associated macrophages (TAMs) are two main components in the tumor microenvironment (TME) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which can promote tumor progression. Plasminogen activator inhibitor­1 (PAI­1) upregulation in HCC is predictive of unfavorable tumor behavior and prognosis. However, the crosstalk between cancer cells, TAMs and CAFs, and the functions of PAI­1 in HCC remain to be fully investigated. In the present study, macrophage polarization and key paracrine factors were assessed during their interactions with CAFs and cancer cells. Cell proliferation, wound healing and Transwell and Matrigel assays were used to investigate the malignant behavior of HCC cells in vitro. It was found that cancer cells and CAFs induced the M2 polarization of TAMs by upregulating the mRNA expression levels of CD163 and CD206, and downregulating IL­6 mRNA expression and secretion in the macrophages. Both TAMs derived from cancer cells and CAFs promoted HCC cell proliferation and invasion. Furthermore, PAI­1 expression was upregulated in TAMs after being stimulated with CAF­conditioned medium and promoted the malignant behavior of the HCC cells by mediating epithelial­mesenchymal transition. CAFs were the main producer of C­X­C motif chemokine ligand 12 (CXCL12) in the TME and CXCL12 contributed to the induction of PAI­1 secretion in TAMs. In conclusion, the results of the present study suggested that CAFs promoted the M2 polarization of macrophages and induced PAI­1 secretion via CXCL12. Furthermore, it was found that PAI­1 produced by the TAMs enhanced the malignant behavior of the HCC cells. Therefore, these factors may be targets for inhibiting the crosstalk between tumor cells, CAFs and TAMs.

5.
J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci ; 28(9): 705-715, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34318615

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to clarify the effectiveness of a new three-dimensional (3D) culture system for hepatocyte-like cells (HLCs) generated from human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs). METHODS: Human ADSCs (2 × 104 ) with or without 0.1 mg/mL human recombinant peptide µ-piece per well were seeded in a 96-well U-bottom plate and then our three-step differentiation protocol was applied for 21 days. At each step, cell morphology and gene expression were investigated. Mature hepatocyte functions were evaluated after HLC differentiation. These parameters were compared between 2D- and 3D-cultured HLCs, and, DNA microarray analysis was also performed. Finally, HLCs were transplanted in to CCl4 induced acute liver failure model mice. RESULTS: Two-dimensional-cultured HLCs at day 21 did not have a spindle shape and had formed spheroids after day 6, which gradually increased in size for 3D-cultured HLCs. Definitive endoderm, hepatoblast, and hepatocyte genes showed significantly higher expression in the 3D culture group. Three-dimensional-cultured HLCs also had higher albumin expression, CYP3A4 activity, urea synthesis, and ammonium metabolism, and much higher expression of ion transporter, blood coagulation, and cell communication genes. HLC transplantation improved serum liver function, especially in T-Bil levels, and engrafted into immunodeficient mice with HLA class I positive staining. CONCLUSION: Our new 3D culture protocol is effective to improve hepatocyte functions. Our HLCs might be promising for clinical cell transplantation to treat metabolic disease.

6.
Cancer Sci ; 112(9): 3545-3554, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34159680

RESUMO

The tumor microenvironment affects malignancy in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells, and cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) play an important role in the microenvironment. As recent studies indicated a difference between CAFs isolated from chemoresistant and non-resistant cancer tissues, therefore we investigated the intracellular mechanism in resistant HCC co-cultured CAFs and interactions between these CAFs with cancer cells. We established a sorafenib-resistant (SR) Huh7 (human HCC) cell line, and characterized it with cytokine assays, then developed CAFs by co-culturing human hepatic stellate cells with resistant or parental Huh7 cells. The 2 types of CAFs were co-cultured with parental Huh7 cells, thereafter the cell viability of these Huh7 cells was checked under sorafenib treatment. The SR Huh7 (Huh7SR ) cells expressed increased B-cell activating factor (BAFF), which promoted high expression of CAF-specific markers in Huh7SR -co-cultured CAFs, showed activated BAFF, BAFF-R, and downstream of the NFκB-Nrf2 pathway, and aggravated invasion, migration, and drug resistance in co-cultured Huh7 cells. When we knocked down BAFF expression in Huh7SR cells, the previously increased malignancy and BAFF/NFκB axis in Huh7SR -co-cultured CAFs reversed, and enhanced chemoresistance in co-cultured Huh7 cells returned as well. In conclusion, the BAFF/NFκB pathway was activated in CAFs co-cultured with cell-culture medium from resistant Huh7, which promoted chemoresistance, and increased the malignancy in co-cultured non-resistant Huh7 cells. This suggests that the BAFF/NFκB axis in CAFs might be a potential therapeutic target in chemoresistance of HCC.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Fator Ativador de Células B/metabolismo , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Comunicação Celular/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Sorafenibe/farmacologia , Fator Ativador de Células B/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/genética , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Técnicas de Cocultura , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Transfecção
7.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 142, 2021 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33962620

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: No universal classification method for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHCC) has been reported based on the embryological origin of biliary epithelial cells. The aim of this study was to classify IHCC according to protein expression levels of somatostatin receptor 2 (SSTR2) and b-cell leukemia/lymphoma 2 (Bcl2) and to elucidate the clinicopathological features of each group. METHODS: Fifty-two IHCC patients who underwent hepatic resection were enrolled in this study. Protein expression levels of SSTR2 and Bcl2 were examined using immunohistochemistry. Clinicopathological factors were compared between the three groups and prognostic factors were investigated. RESULTS: The patients were divided into three groups: SSTR2 positive and Bcl2 negative (p-Group H, n = 21), SSTR2 negative and Bcl2 positive (p-Group P, n = 14), and the indeterminate group (p-Group U, n = 17) for cases where SSTR2 and Bcl2 were both positive or both negative. All p-Group P cases displayed curability A or B. The 5-year survival rates of p-Group H and U patients were worse than those in p-Group P. p-Group H had higher T-factor, clinical stage, and incidence of periductal infiltration than p-Group P. CONCLUSIONS: This method could be used to classify IHCC into peripheral and perihilar type by embryological expression patterns of SSTR2 and Bcl2.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Humanos , Prognóstico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2 , Receptores de Somatostatina
8.
Surg Today ; 2021 May 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34009433

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To clarify whether the preoperative lymphocyte/C-reactive protein (CRP) ratio (LCR) is a prognostic factor for patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHCC), and investigate its mechanism via tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes. METHODS: The subjects of this retrospective study were 42 patients who had undergone hepatectomy for IHCC. We divided the patients into low LCR and high LCR groups (cutoff value: 8780) and analyzed their overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) with respect to LCR and other clinicopathological factors. We also investigated the levels of stromal tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and CD8+ TILs in surgical specimens, and the relationship between LCR and TILs. RESULTS: A low LCR was identified in 21 patients and was significantly correlated with older age, a high CRP-albumin ratio, and advanced disease stage, and was a prognostic factor for OS and DFS. Multivariate analysis revealed that a low LCR was an independent prognostic factor for worse OS (HR 10.40, P = 0.0077). Although the LCR and levels of stromal TILs were not significantly related, LCR and levels of CD8+ TILs were significantly related (P = 0.0297). CONCLUSION: The preoperative LCR may predict the postsurgical prognosis of patients with IHCC and reflect the CD8+ TILs.

9.
Cell Transplant ; 29: 963689720954798, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878465

RESUMO

The aim of our study is to determine whether insulin-producing cells (IPCs) differentiated from adipose-tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) can be cryopreserved. Human ADSCs were differentiated into IPCs using our two-step protocol encompassing a three-dimensional culture and xenoantigen-free method. Thereafter, IPCs were frozen using three different methods. First, IPCs were immediately frozen at -80°C (-80°C group). Second, IPCs were initially placed into a Bicell freezing container before freezing at -80°C (BICELL group). Third, a vitrification method for oocytes and embryos was used (CRYOTOP group). Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay showed that cell viability was decreased in all groups after cryopreservation (P < 0.01). Corroboratively, the amount of adenosine triphosphate was markedly decreased after cryopreservation in all groups (P < 0.01). Immunofluorescence staining showed a reduced positive staining area for insulin in all cryopreservation groups. Furthermore, 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole and merged immunofluorescence images showed that cryopreserved cells appeared to be randomly reduced in the -80°C group and CRYOTOP group, while only the central region was visibly reduced in the BICELL group. Using immunohistochemical staining, IPCs after cryopreservation were shown to be positive for cleaved caspase-3 antibody in all groups. Finally, insulin secretion following glucose stimulation was significantly reduced in IPCs from all groups after cryopreservation (P < 0.01). In conclusion, IPCs may be too fragile for cryopreservation with accomplished methods and further investigations for a suitable preservation method are required.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Diferenciação Celular , Criopreservação , Células Secretoras de Insulina/citologia , Células-Tronco/citologia , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Forma Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ditizona , Glucose/farmacologia , Humanos , Insulina/metabolismo , Secreção de Insulina/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Secretoras de Insulina/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Secretoras de Insulina/metabolismo , Coloração e Rotulagem , Células-Tronco/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco/metabolismo
10.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 25(12): 2083-2089, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869120

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHCC) has a poor prognosis, and surgery remains the only effective treatment. However, tumor recurrence after primary hepatectomy is common. We examined the significance of repeat surgery for IHCC. METHODS: We collected data for all patients with IHCC between 1992 and 2018 (n = 67) in our database. Fifty-three (79.1%) of all 67 patients experienced recurrence after primary hepatectomy and we analyzed data for those 53 recurrent patients. We divided recurrent patients into a repeat surgery group (n = 9), chemotherapy group (n = 19), and best supportive care group (n = 25). We analyzed differences in patients' clinicopathological factors, including prognosis, between the three groups. RESULTS: The IHCC recurrence rate after hepatectomy in our institution was 79.1%. Of the 53 patients with recurrence, nine underwent repeat surgery (17.0%). The characteristics of the patients undergoing repeat surgery was lower stage at primary hepatectomy. Recurrence sites in the repeat surgery group were liver (n = 6), lung (n = 2), and adrenal gland (n = 1), as a single nodule. The period between primary hepatectomy and recurrence was comparatively longer in the repeat surgery group, at 1.8 years. The prognosis in patients undergoing repeat surgery was significantly better compared with the other groups. Not undergoing repeat surgery (hazard ratio: 5.506; p = 0.0077) and positive lymph node metastasis (hazard ratio: 2.207; p = 0.0242) were independent poor prognostic factors. CONCLUSIONS: Repeat surgery should be considered in patients with IHCC with a single recurrence site and negative lymph node metastasis at primary surgery and at least more than 6 months of disease-free period after primary surgery.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Hepatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/patologia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/cirurgia , Adrenalectomia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/cirurgia , Colangiocarcinoma/mortalidade , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Reoperação , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Pancreas ; 49(9): 1225-1231, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898009

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine whether responsive insulin-producing cells (IPCs) could be generated from adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) isolated from patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). METHODS: We isolated ADSCs from adipose tissue of 4 patients (one patient with T1DM and 3 nondiabetic patients), who underwent surgery and differentiated them into IPCs with using a 2-step xeno-antigen free, 3-dimensional culture method. Characteristics of isolated ADSCs, in vitro cell quality, programmed cell death ligand-1 (PDL-1) expression, and transplantation into streptozotocin induced diabetic nude mice were investigated. RESULTS: Adipose-derived stem cells from T1DM patients and commercially obtained ADSCs showed the same surface markers; CD31CD34CD45CD90CD105CD146. Moreover, the generated IPCs at day 21 demonstrated appropriate autonomous insulin secretion (stimulation index, 3.5; standard deviation, 0.8). Nonfasting blood glucose concentrations of IPC-transplanted mice were normal at 30 days. The normalized rate of IPC-transplanted mice was significantly higher than that of the sham-operated group (P < 0.05). Insulin-producing cells generated from T1DM adipose tissue expressed high levels of PDL-1. CONCLUSIONS: Insulin-producing cells obtained from adipose tissue of T1DM patients are capable of secreting insulin long-term and achieve normoglycemia after transplantation. Expression of PDL-1 suggests the potential for immune circumvention.

12.
Surg Case Rep ; 6(1): 113, 2020 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32449014

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Celiac axis compression syndrome (CACS) is a relatively rare disease. Because of the nature of the blood flow in the celiac region when a pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) is performed for CACS, the celiac region can become ischemic. The aim of this study is to report on the importance of pre-operative diagnosis of CACS in terms of the outcomes for patients post-operatively. In this study, three 3 cases of PD co-morbid with CACS are reported: one intra-operative diagnosis case and two pre-operative diagnosis cases. CASE PRESENTATION: The one case, not diagnosed with CACS prior to the operation, had a hard post-operative course because of complication caused by ischemia of the celiac region compared with the two cases diagnosed prior to the operation, who had a good post-operative course because of pre-operative or intra-operative intervention. CONCLUSIONS: Post-operative complications due to CACS are preventable by pre-operative diagnosis and appropriate interventions.

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