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1.
Ultrason Sonochem ; 66: 105121, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32272330

RESUMO

Protein hydrolysates have attained great attention due to a good nutritive food ingredient and higher biological activities. In this study, thermosonication, ultrasound and heat were used as a pre-treatment to obtain (<3KDa) hydrolysate from mung bean and white kidney bean to understand the mechanism of cholesterol absorption into micelle and inhibition of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HMG-CoA) activity. Size exclusion high performance liquid chromatography (SE-HPLC) results of mung bean showed that the concentration of peptides (0.5KDa-1KDa and 1-3KDa) in the hydrolysate were significantly (p < 0.05) increased after thermosonication while, the peptides concentration (1-3KDa) in white kidney bean was significantly (p < 0.05) decreased. Thermosonication of mung bean hydrolysate exhibited higher inhibition of cholesterol solubilization, hydrophobicity and antioxidant activities. In addition, there was no difference observed in HMG-CoA activity and hydrophobicity between ultrasound alone and ultrasound combined with heat i.e. thermosonication treated hydrolysate of white kidney bean. Changes in secondary and tertiary structures were also analyzed under different processing conditions with maximum change due to thermosonication. Results indicated that mung bean hydrolysate had a great potential for inhibition of cholesterol synthesis and its solubility in the micelle, antioxidant activity and also convinced for its application in food and nutraceutical industries.

2.
J Infect Dis ; 221(Supplement_2): S164-S173, 2020 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176783

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Information on possible donor-derived transmission events in China is limited. We evaluated the impacts of liver transplantation from infected deceased-donors, analyzed possible donor-derived bacterial or fungal infection events in recipients, and evaluated the etiologic agents' characteristics and cases outcomes. METHODS: A single-center observational study was performed from January 2015 to March 2017 to retrospectively collect data from deceased-donors diagnosed with infection. Clinical data were recorded for each culture-positive donor and the matched liver recipient. The microorganisms were isolated and identified, and antibiotic sensitivity testing was performed. The pathogens distribution and incidence of possible donor-derived infection (P-DDI) events were analyzed and evaluated. RESULTS: Information from 211 donors was collected. Of these, 82 donors were infected and classified as the donation after brain death category. Overall, 149 and 138 pathogens were isolated from 82 infected donors and 82 matched liver recipients, respectively. Gram-positive bacteria, Gram-negative bacteria, and fungi accounted for 42.3% (63 of 149), 46.3% (69 of 149), and 11.4% (17 of 149) of pathogens in infected donors. The incidence of multidrug-resistant bacteria was high and Acinetobacter baumannii was the most concerning species. Infections occurred within the first 2 weeks after liver transplantation with an organ from an infected donor. Compared with the noninfection recipient group, the infection recipient group experienced a longer mechanical ventilation time (P = .004) and intensive care unit stay (P = .003), a higher incidence of renal dysfunction (P = .026) and renal replacement therapy (P = .001), and higher hospital mortality (P = .015). Possible donor-derived infection was observed in 14.6% of cases. Recipients with acute-on-chronic liver failure were more prone to have P-DDI than recipients with other diseases (P = .007; odds ratio = 0.114; 95% confidence interval, .025-.529). CONCLUSIONS: When a liver recipient receives a graft from an infected deceased-donor, the postoperative incidence of infection is high and the infection interval is short. In addition, when a possible donor-derived, drug-resistant bacterial infection occurs, recipients may have serious complications and poor outcomes.

3.
Int J Infect Dis ; 93: 345-352, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32109625

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To characterize the pharmacokinetics (PK) of intravenous voriconazole (VRC) in critically ill patients with liver dysfunction. METHODS: Patients with liver dysfunction in the intensive care unit (ICU) were included prospectively. The Child-Pugh score was used to categorize the degree of liver dysfunction. The initial intravenous VRC dosing regimen comprised a loading dose of 300 mg every 12 h for the first 24 h, followed by 200 mg every 12 h. The first PK curves (PK curve 1) were drawn within one dosing interval of the first dose for 17 patients; the second PK curves (PK curve 2) were drawn within one dosing interval after a minimum of seven doses for 12 patients. PK parameters were estimated by non-compartmental analysis. RESULTS: There were good correlations between the area under the curve (AUC0-12) of PK curve 2 and the corresponding trough concentration (C0) and peak concentration (Cmax) (r2 = 0.951 and 0.963, respectively; both p < 0.001). The median half-life (t1/2) and clearance (CL) of patients in Child-Pugh class A (n = 3), B (n = 5), and C (n = 4) of PK curve 2 were 24.4 h and 3.31 l/h, 29.1 h and 2.54 l/h, and 60.7 h and 2.04 l/h, respectively. In the different Child-Pugh classes, the CL (median) of PK curve 2 were all lower than those of PK curve 1. The apparent steady-state volume of distribution (Vss) of PK curve 1 was positively correlated with actual body weight (r2 = 0.450, p = 0.004). The median first C0 of 17 patients determined on day 5 was 5.27 (2.61) µg/ml, and 29.4% of C0 exceeded the upper limit of the therapeutic window (2-6 µg/ml). CONCLUSIONS: The CL of VRC decreased with increasing severity of liver dysfunction according to the Child-Pugh classification, along with an increased t1/2, which resulted in high plasma exposure of VRC. Adjusted dosing regimens of intravenous VRC should be established based on Child-Pugh classes for these ICU patients, and plasma concentrations should be monitored closely to avoid serious adverse events.

4.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 90: 138-145, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32081310

RESUMO

In this study, the thermal stability of a Fe2O3 catalyst for mercury oxidation was significantly improved by doping with Al2O3. After 1 hr, the catalyst doped with 10 wt.% Al2O3 still exhibited a mercury conversion efficiency of 70.9%, while the undoped sample even lost its catalytic activity. Doping with Al2O3 retarded the collapse of the catalyst mesoporous structure during high-temperature calcination, and the doped samples maintained a higher specific surface area, smaller pore size, and narrower pore size distribution. Transmission electron microscope images revealed that after calcination at 350°C, the average size of the catalyst grains in Fe2O3 was 23.4 nm; however, the corresponding values for 1%Al2O3/Fe2O3, 3%Al2O3/Fe2O3, and 10%Al2O3/Fe2O3 were only 13.3, 7.1, and 4.7 nm, respectively. Results obtained from X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetry coupled with differential scanning calorimetry confirmed that doping with Al2O3 also retards the crystallization of the catalysts at high temperature, constraining catalyst grains to a smaller size.


Assuntos
Óxido de Alumínio , Doping nos Esportes , Mercúrio , Catálise , Oxirredução
5.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 90: 253-261, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32081321

RESUMO

F-V2O5-WO3/TiO2 catalysts were prepared by the impregnation method. As the content of F ions increased from 0.00 to 0.35 wt.%, the NO conversion of F-V2O5-WO3/TiO2 catalysts initially increased and then decreased. The 0.2F-V2O5-WO3/TiO2 catalyst (0.2 wt.% F ion) exhibited the best denitration (De-NOx) performance, with more than 95% NO conversion in the temperature range 160-360°C, and 99.0% N2 selectivity between 110 and 280°C. The addition of an appropriate amount of F ions eroded the surface morphology of the catalyst and reduced its grain size, thus enhancing the NO conversion at low temperature as well as the sulfur and water resistance of the V2O5-WO3/TiO2 catalyst. After selective catalytic reduction (SCR) reaction in a gas flow containing SO2 and H2O, the number of NH3 adsorption sites, active component content, specific surface area and pore volume decreased to different degrees. Ammonium sulfate species deposited on the catalyst surface, which blocked part of the active sites and reduced the NO conversion performance of the catalyst. On-line thermal regeneration could not completely recover the catalyst activity, although it prolonged the cumulative life of the catalyst. In addition, a mechanism for the effects of SO2 and H2O on catalyst NO conversion was proposed.


Assuntos
Temperatura Baixa , Óxidos de Nitrogênio/química , Dióxido de Enxofre/química , Titânio , Amônia , Catálise , Temperatura
6.
Biosci Rep ; 40(2)2020 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031203

RESUMO

Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is a common type of lung cancer with high incidence and poor prognosis. Hypoxia and DNA methylation play important regulatory roles in cancer progression. The purpose of the present study was to explore the relationship between hypoxia and DNA methylation, and to identify key genes for hypoxia-regulated LUAD progression. Hypoxia score (HS) was calculated using the GSVA algorithm. Gene Ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment and protein-protein interaction (PPI) analysis were performed using clusterProfile package, STRING database and Cytoscape software. Kaplan-Meier curves of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were drawn using R software. Smoking status and cancer stages were significantly associated with LUAD hypoxia, and hypoxia is a poor prognostic factor for LUAD. Compared with HS-low group, 1803 aberrantly methylated DEGs were identified in HS-high group. KEGG analysis showed that the 1803 genes were enriched in the metabolic pathways associated with hypoxia stress, angiogenesis and cancer progression. FAM20C, MYLIP and COL7A1 were identified as the hypoxia-related key genes in LUAD progression, which were regulated by DNA methylation. Hypoxia in LUAD tumor cells led to changes in DNA methylation patterns. In-depth study of the relationship between hypoxia and DNA methylation is helpful to elucidate the mechanism of tumorigenesis, and provides new ideas for LUAD treatment.

7.
J Hazard Mater ; 392: 122208, 2020 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32088540

RESUMO

In PAA-g-lignin, phase separation, caused by the difference in expansion properties between lignin and polyacrylic acid, is used to build a porous hydrogel. In this study, PAA-g-APL was produced by grafting polyacrylic acid with acid-pretreated alkali lignin. Acid-pretreated alkali lignin acts as a hierarchical pore-forming agent that enhances the simultaneous adsorption capacities for Pb2+, Cu2+ and Cd2+ ions from wastewater. Notably, PAA-g-APL acted as a selective adsorbent for Pb2+ ions has an excellent selective removal coefficient α (20.22) in contaminated wastewater contained Cu2+ ions. Its molar partition coefficient for Pb2+ ions (68 %) is higher than that for either Cu2+ ions (28.6 %) or Cd2+ ions (3.4 %). At equilibrium, the total adsorption capacities of PAA-g-APL for Pb2+, Cu2+ and Cd2+ were 1.076 mmol g-1, 0.3233 mmol g-1 and 0.059 mmol g-1, respectively. The experimental kinetic data fitted well to a pseudo-second order model and to an intra-particle-diffusion model. The Freundlich isotherm model gave the best fit with the experimental equilibrium data. The ΔG° for PAA-g-APL is < 0, indicating that the adsorption of heavy metal ions is a spontaneous process. This study provides a highly promising candidate for the treatment of wastewater contaminated with a mixture of heavy metals.

8.
J Biol Chem ; 295(9): 2760-2770, 2020 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31941790

RESUMO

The calcineurin/nuclear factor of activated T cell (CN/NFAT) signaling pathway plays a critical role in the immune response. Therefore, inhibition of the CN/NFAT pathway is an important target for inflammatory disease. The conserved PXIXIT and LXVP motifs of CN substrates and targeting proteins have been recognized. Based on the affinity ability and inhibitory effect of these docking sequences on CN, we designed a bioactive peptide (named pep3) against the CN/NFAT interaction, which has two binding sites derived from the RCAN1-PXIXIT motif and the NFATc1-LXVP motif. The shortest linker between the two binding sites in pep3 is derived from A238L, a physiological binding partner of CN. Microscale thermophoresis revealed that pep3 has two docking sites on CN. Pep3 also has the most potent inhibitory effect on CN. It is suggested that pep3 contains an NFATc1-LXVP-substrate recognition motif and RCAN1-PXIXIT-mediated anchoring to CN. Expression of this peptide significantly suppresses CN/NFAT signaling. Cell-permeable 11-arginine-modified pep3 (11R-pep3) blocks the NFAT downstream signaling pathway. Intranasal administration of the 11R-pep3 peptide inhibits airway inflammation in an ovalbumin-induced asthma model. Our results suggest that pep3 is promising as an immunosuppressive agent and can be used in topical remedies.

9.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(5-6): 3325-3332, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31907977

RESUMO

Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most prevalent cancer in the endocrine system, and the number of patients diagnosed with PTC has been increasing rapidly in recent years. Previous studies have reported that miR-145 plays an important role in many kinds of cancers, but its function in PTC remains unclear. In this study, we found that compared to paracancerous tissues, the level of miR-145 expression was significantly downregulated in PTC tissues. When miR-145 is overexpressed, migration and invasion of PTC cells were suppressed in vitro. In addition, we found that miR-145 downregulated the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) pathway in PTC cells. Taken together, our data suggest that miR-145 functions as a tumor suppressor in PTC with the suppressive effect related to downregulation of the NF-κB pathway.

10.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(4): 2223-2230, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492231

RESUMO

Tight oil is widely distributed around the world, and industrialized exploitation has been developed and applied in North America, greatly alleviating the contradiction between supply and demand of energy. The main storage space of tight oil reservoirs is micro-nano pores, and a reliable method for studying the occurrence of tight oil in micro-nano pores has not been studied. In this paper, the microscopic occurrence of tight oils in the Songliao Basin, Ordos Basin, and Tarim Basin in China are studied in combination with nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) scanning techniques. A method for characterizing the storage space, occurrence state, and influencing factors of tight oil based on SEM and NMR was proposed. The results show that the storage space of tight oil reservoirs is nanoscale cracks and pores. Mainly, these are distributed on the scale of less than 1 µm and more than 10 µm, the volume of porecracks is less than 1 µm, which account for more than 80% of the total volume. This indicates that the tight oil mainly exists in the nanoscale pore throat. The scattered distribution of crude oil in the black shape of oil spot is mainly in the micro-nano pores, and the crude oil content in the micro-cracks is small, indicating that nanoscale cracks are the main space for the occurrence of tight oil. However, some micro-cracks can penetrate oil spots or oil stains, and can connect the oil spots with scattered distribution, which will greatly improve the mobility of crude oil. In addition, oil spot accumulation areas often develop illite and illite/smectite mixed-layer, and clay minerals have developed nanoscale pores. The crude oil and clay minerals have certain associated characteristics. This study is of great significance for understanding the law of the occurrence and migration of tight oil and the basic theoretical research and technological innovation of the development of tight oil reservoir.

11.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784059

RESUMO

The high expression of fatty acid synthase (FAS) in tumor cells is consistent with their elevated requirement for fatty acids for cell membrane synthesis and energy supply to support their almost unlimited proliferation. The expression levels of FAS in tumor cells are related to their proliferation, invasion, and metastasis. This study investigated the possible bioactive ingredients (fraxin, esculetin, scopolin et al.) of Cortex Fraxini and their effects on the interaction between specific proteins. We used microscale thermophoresis (MST) to show that our target protein, FAS (screened by combining transcriptome and network pharmacology), bound to the active compounds in Cortex Fraxini. It was found that FAS bound strongly to Glucose-6-phosphate isomerase (GPI), and that scopolin could affect this interaction by proteomics and MST. The results of this study demonstrate that the active compounds in Cortex Fraxini could play an anti-tumor role by binding to FAS and inhibiting the interactions between FAS and GPI to affect glucose and lipid metabolism, and that the protein pathway is a potential novel target for tumor treatment.

12.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 8631563, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828137

RESUMO

Background: Treatment response for the Mycobacterium abscessus (M. abscessus) lung disease remains far from satisfying. An effective regimen is needed to solve the problem. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all patients with M. abscessus lung disease who received antibiotics regimen at Beijing Chest Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University between July 1, 2010, and February 1, 2018. Patients were administered a conventional antibiotics regimen (including macrolide and moxifloxacin, along with an initial 12-week course of low-dose cefoxitin and amikacin) or intensified regimen (including a higher dosage of cefoxitin and linezolid besides conventional drugs), respectively. The time to sputum-culture conversion and proportion of sputum-culture conversion in liquid broth were investigated to evaluate the efficacy and evaluation of safety by performing the classification of adverse events according to the Division of AIDS, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease. Patients were followed for 18 months from baseline. Results: In the conventional regimen group, the sputum conversion rate at 18 months was 29.4% (10/34), and the median time until sputum conversion was 2 months (IQR, 1-2 mo). Furthermore, in the intensified regimen group, the sputum conversion rate was 81.3% (13/16), and the median time until sputum conversion was 1 month (IQR, 1-1 mo). Leukopenia and drug-induced hepatotoxicity occurred more frequently in the intensified regimen group in contrast with the conventional regimen group patients. However, only 1 adverse event in the intensified regimen group was classified as severe adverse event. Conclusions: The intensified regimen could improve sputum conversion of M. abscessus lung disease compared with conventional regimen, but close safety surveillance is necessary to monitor adverse events.

13.
Food Res Int ; 126: 108612, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31732041

RESUMO

To shorten the fermentation time and reduce the contamination with heterozygous bacteria during the process of fermenting rice noodles, pure bacterial fermentation combined with semidry flour milling was used to produce fermented rice noodles. The changes in the pH value and microbial community diversity of the rice slurries, the physicochemical properties of the rice flours, and the texture, cooking qualities, sensory qualities and volatile components of the rice noodles prepared with different fermentative methods were investigated. The results showed that the pure bacterial fermentation required 18 h to reach a stable pH value, while the natural fermentation required 54 h. In addition, compared with naturally fermented rice slurry, the bacterial community diversity of the pure bacterial fermented rice slurry was significantly lower, while the fungal community diversity did not differ significantly. Significant differences were observed in the content of the damaged starch, amylose and protein between semidry milled pure bacterial fermented (SP) and wet milled naturally fermented (WN) rice flours (P < .05), while these differences had no significant effect on the texture and cooking qualities of the SP and WN rice noodles (P > .05). In addition, the types of volatile components of the SP noodles were significantly lower than those of other noodles, while the primary volatile component categories of the SP noodles were consistent with that of the WN noodles, and they had a similar flavoring substance.

14.
Glia ; 2019 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626364

RESUMO

Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), a type III intermediate filament, is a marker of mature astrocytes. The expression of GFAP gene is regulated by many transcription factors (TFs), mainly Janus kinase-2/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 cascade and nuclear factor κ-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cell signaling. GFAP expression is also modulated by protein kinase and other signaling molecules that are elicited by neuronal activity and hormones. Abnormal expression of GFAP proteins occurs in neuroinflammation, neurodegeneration, brain edema-eliciting diseases, traumatic brain injury, psychiatric disorders and others. GFAP, mainly in α-isoform, is the major component of cytoskeleton and the scaffold of astrocytes, which is essential for the maintenance of astrocytic structure and shape. GFAP also has highly morphological plasticity because of its quick changes in assembling and polymerizing states in response to environmental challenges. This plasticity and its corresponding cellular morphological changes endow astrocytes the functions of physical barrier between adjacent neurons and stabilizer of extracellular environment. Moreover, GFAP colocalizes and even molecularly associates with many functional molecules. This feature allows GFAP to function as a platform for direct interactions between different molecules. Last, GFAP involves transportation and localization of other functional proteins and thus serves as a protein transport guide in astrocytes. This guiding role of GFAP involves an elastic retraction and extension cytoskeletal network that couples with GFAP reassembling, transporting, and membrane protein recycling machinery. This paper reviews our current understanding of the expression and functions of GFAP as well as their regulation.

15.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 145(12): 2911-2920, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646374

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of vimentin expression in CTCs and its clinical relevance in patients with advanced lung cancer. METHODS: Peripheral blood was obtained from 61 treatment-naive patients with advanced lung cancer. Subtraction enrichment and immunostaining-fluorescence in situ hybridization (SE-iFISH) platform was applied to identify, enumerate and characterize CTCs based on cell size, aneuploidy of chromosome 8 (Chr8) and vimentin expression. Quantification and analysis of CTCs were performed on patients before chemotherapy administration and after two cycles of therapy. RESULTS: Before treatment, CTCs were detected in 60 (98.4%) patients, small cell CTCs (≤ 5 µm of WBCs) accounted for 52.8% of the absolute CTCs number, while 12 (19.7%) of the included patients had detectable vimentin-positive CTCs (vim+ CTCs). Liver metastases were reported in 7 (11.5%) patients and were significantly correlated to the presence of Vim+ CTCs (p = 0.002), with a high positivity rate of 71.4% (5/7). Vim+ CTCs were mostly in small cell size and Chr8 aneuploidy (77.0% and 82.05%, respectively). Baseline small cell CTCs ≥ 2/6 ml, triploid CTCs ≥ 2/6 ml, Vim+ CTCs ≥ 1/6 ml were found to significantly correlate with poor progression-free survival (PFS) (p = 0.017, p = 0.009 and p = 0.001, respectively). After adjusting for clinically significant factors, baseline Vim+ CTCs ≥ 1/6 ml was the only independent predictor of poor PFS [hazard ratio (HR):2.756, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.239-6.131; p = 0.013]. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates an important morphologic, karyotypic and phenotypic CTCs heterogeneity in advanced lung cancer patients. The majority of Vim+ CTCs are in small size and Chr8 aneuploidy. Baseline presence of Vim+ CTCs is correlated with liver metastases and may help predict poor PFS.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/metabolismo , Vimentina/metabolismo , Cromossomos Humanos Par 8/genética , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Prospectivos
16.
Artif Organs ; 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31660615

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the vestibular function status of cochlear implant patients using cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) testing and estimate the effects of cochlear implants on vestibular function. The cVEMPs of 50 cochlear implant patients were measured preoperatively, and at one and six months postoperatively. Then, implanted ears and non-implanted ears were compared in terms of p13/n23 wave response rates, latency, amplitude and threshold. Preoperatively, the binaural cVEMP response rate was 92%, while the cVEMP response rates of implanted ears vs. non-implanted ears at postoperative one and six months were 24% vs. 80% and 52% vs. 82%, respectively. No significant difference between implanted and non-implanted ears was found preoperatively, in terms of latent period, amplitude, or threshold. However, significant changes were found in amplitude and threshold for implanted ears after the operation, but not in latency. No significant postoperative change was found in amplitude, latent period, or threshold for non-implanted ears. Significant differences between implanted and non-implanted ears were found in both amplitude and threshold. Cochlear implants affect vestibular function, especially saccular function, and reduce the cVEMP amplitude and threshold of implanted ears.

17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 3022-3034, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602849

RESUMO

To characterize the chemical constituents of Huanbei Zhike Prescription by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-time of flight mass spectrometry( UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS). A Thermo Syncronls C18 column( 2. 1 mm×100 mm,1. 7 µm) was used with methanol( A)-0. 1% formic acid solution( B) as the mobile phase for gradient elution. The injection volume was 2 µL; the column temperature was 40 ℃; the flow rate was 0. 3 m L·min-1; and electrospray ionization( ESI) source was used to collect data in positive and negative ion modes. The ion scanning range was m/z 50-1 200,with capillary voltage of 3 000 V,ion source temperature of100 ℃,atomization gas flow rate of 50 L·h-1,desolvent gas flow rate of 800 L·h-1,desolvent temperature of 400 ℃,cone hole voltage of 40 V,with argon as the collision gas and the collision energy was 20-35 V. The excimer ion peak information was analyzed by Waters UNIFI data processing software. The molecular formula with error within 1×10-5 was compared with the data in database to identify the compounds. The secondary fragment ion information of the target compound was selected,and then compared with the retention time and fragmentation patterns provided by the database and the existing literature to further confirm the compositions and structures of the compounds. A total of 68 main compounds in Huanbei Zhike Prescription were identified,including 38 flavonoids,10 organic acids,6 terpenoids and 10 nitrogen-containing compounds,of which 12 compounds were verified by the control substances. This method is rapid and accurate,which provides a new strategy for the qualitative analysis of the chemical constituents of Huanbei Zhike Prescription,and lays a foundation for the further study and quality control of the compound pharmacodynamic substance.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Flavonoides/análise , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Terpenos/análise
18.
J Oleo Sci ; 68(9): 909-922, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484903

RESUMO

The objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of wheat gluten on gut microbiota from hamsters and also analyse whether alterations in microbiota could result in wheat gluten's lipid-lowering properties. Four weeks male hamsters were divided into 3 groups (n=10). Two hypercholesterolemic groups were fed for 35 days with hypercholesterolemic diet, containing 20% (w/w) wheat gluten or casein. Wheat gluten significantly reduced serum total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations, and also decreased the liver total cholesterol (TC), free cholesterol (FC), cholesterol ester (CE), triglycerides (TG) concentrations. Wheat gluten group had a higher fecal lipids, total cholesterol (TC) and bile acids (BA) than that of casein group (p < 0.05). Moreover, wheat gluten significantly increased total short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) concentrations in feces. Sequencing of 16S rRNA gene revealed that intake of wheat gluten decreased the relative abundances of Firmicutes and Erysipelotrichaceae, but to increased the relative abundances of Bateroidetes, Bacteroidales_S24-7_group and Ruminococcaceae. The lipid lowering properties of wheat gluten was associated with the lower ratio of Firmicutes/Bateroidetes, the lower of the bacterial taxa Erysipelotrichaceae and the higher of the bacterial taxa Bacteroidales_S24-7_group and Ruminococcaceae. These results suggest that wheat gluten modulate cholesterol metabolism by altering intestinal microflora.


Assuntos
Anticolesterolemiantes/farmacologia , LDL-Colesterol/metabolismo , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Glutens/farmacologia , Hiperlipidemias/microbiologia , Triticum/química , Animais , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Ácidos Graxos Voláteis/metabolismo , Fezes/microbiologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/genética , Masculino , Mesocricetus , RNA Ribossômico 16S/análise
19.
BMJ Open ; 9(8): e027201, 2019 08 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471431

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to elucidate the status of hypertension and to analyse the hypertension changes in prevalence, awareness, treatment and control rate among the portion of Chinese nursing staff based on the 2017 American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) High Blood Pressure Guideline and the 2010 Chinese Guideline for the Management of Hypertension. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: 512 medical institutions in 13 cities in Hebei Province. PARTICIPANTS: The candidates of registered nurses from 512 medical institutions in 13 cities in Hebei Province (N=143 772) were invited to participate in the survey, and few of them who refused to participate were excluded from the research group based on the reasons that 93 603 incumbent nurses at the age of 18-65 accepted to the survey and submitted questionnaires online. Undoubtedly, a response rate of 65.11% was achieved. After excluding 788 individuals with incomplete information in the questionnaires, 92 815 participants were included in the final analysis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The prevalence, awareness, treatment and control rates of hypertension. RESULTS: 92 815 participants were included in the final analysis, among which consisted of 3677 men (3.96%) and 89 138 women (96.04%). The mean age of the participants was 31.65 (SD=7.47) years.We demonstrated that 26 875 nursing staff were diagnosed as having hypertension according to the new standard by the 2017 ACC/AHA guideline, more than 20 551 cases compared with the previous threshold on the 2010 Chinese guideline. The prevalence of hypertension among nursing staff was 28.96% in the context of the 2017 ACC/AHA guideline, 3.25 times higher than that (6.81%) evaluated by the criteria of the 2010 Chinese guideline. However, the awareness, treatment and control rate (13.50%, 10.73% and 0.81%) were 3.25, 3.22 and 17.48 times lower than those (57.37%, 45.30% and 14.97%) based on the 2010 Chinese guideline, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This research illustrated that it was crucial to improve the awareness rate, drug treatment rate and control rate of hypertension for nurses. Meanwhile, according to the 2017 ACC/AHA guideline, the prevalence of hypertension in China will increase significantly, which poses a more severe challenge to the management of hypertension in China.

20.
Nat Microbiol ; 4(12): 2319-2330, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31501538

RESUMO

Emerging evidence implicates a role of the gut microbiota in colorectal cancer (CRC). Peptostreptococcus anaerobius (P. anaerobius) is an anaerobic bacterium selectively enriched in the faecal and mucosal microbiota from patients with CRC, but its causative role and molecular mechanism in promoting tumorigenesis remain unestablished. We demonstrate that P. anaerobius adheres to the CRC mucosa and accelerates CRC development in ApcMin/+ mice. In vitro assays and transmission electron microscopy revealed that P. anaerobius selectively adheres to CRC cell lines (HT-29 and Caco-2) compared to normal colonic epithelial cells (NCM460). We identified a P. anaerobius surface protein, putative cell wall binding repeat 2 (PCWBR2), which directly interacts with colonic cell lines via α2/ß1 integrin, a receptor frequently overexpressed in human CRC tumours and cell lines. Interaction between PCWBR2 and integrin α2/ß1 induces the activation of the PI3K-Akt pathway in CRC cells via phospho-focal adhesion kinase, leading to increased cell proliferation and nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) activation. NF-κB in turn triggers a pro-inflammatory response as indicated by increased levels of cytokines, such as interleukin-10 and interferon-γ in the tumours of P. anaerobius-treated ApcMin/+ mice. Analyses of tumour-infiltrating immune cell populations in P. anaerobius-treated ApcMin/+ mice revealed significant expansion of myeloid-derived suppressor cells, tumour-associated macrophages and granulocytic tumour-associated neutrophils, which are associated with chronic inflammation and tumour progression. Blockade of integrin α2/ß1 by RGDS peptide, small interfering RNA or antibodies all impair P. anaerobius attachment and abolish P. anaerobius-mediated oncogenic response in vitro and in vivo. Collectively, we show that P. anaerobius drives CRC via a PCWBR2-integrin α2/ß1-PI3K-Akt-NF-κB signalling axis and identify the PCWBR2-integrin α2/ß1 axis as a potential therapeutic target for CRC.

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