Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 107
Filtrar
1.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 6450, 2021 11 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34750392

RESUMO

The ADJUVANT study reported the comparative superiority of adjuvant gefitinib over chemotherapy in disease-free survival of resected EGFR-mutant stage II-IIIA non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, not all patients experienced favorable clinical outcomes with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI), raising the necessity for further biomarker assessment. In this work, by comprehensive genomic profiling of 171 tumor tissues from the ADJUVANT trial, five predictive biomarkers are identified (TP53 exon4/5 mutations, RB1 alterations, and copy number gains of NKX2-1, CDK4, and MYC). Then we integrate them into the Multiple-gene INdex to Evaluate the Relative benefit of Various Adjuvant therapies (MINERVA) score, which categorizes patients into three subgroups with relative disease-free survival and overall survival benefits from either adjuvant gefitinib or chemotherapy (Highly TKI-Preferable, TKI-Preferable, and Chemotherapy-Preferable groups). This study demonstrates that predictive genomic signatures could potentially stratify resected EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients and provide precise guidance towards future personalized adjuvant therapy.

2.
Front Genet ; 12: 608742, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34594355

RESUMO

Gastrointestinal tract cancers have high incidence and mortality in China, but their molecular characteristics have not been fully investigated. We sequenced 432 tumor samples from the colorectum, stomach, pancreas, gallbladder, and biliary tract to investigate cancer-related mutations and detail the landscape of microsatellite instability (MSI), tumor mutation burden (TMB), and chromosomal instability (CIN). We observed the highest TMB in colorectal and gastric cancers and the lowest TMB in gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). Twenty-four hyper-mutated tumors were identified only in colorectal and gastric cancers, with a significant enrichment of mutations in the polymerase genes (POLE, POLD1, and POLH) and mismatch repair (MMR) genes. Additionally, CIN preferentially occurred in colorectal and gastric cancers, while pancreatic, gallbladder, and biliary duct cancers had a much lower CIN. High CIN was correlated with a higher prevalence of malfunctions in chromosome segregation and cell cycle genes, including the copy number loss of WRN, NAT1, NF2, and BUB1B, and the copy number gain of MYC, ERBB2, EGFR, and CDK6. In addition, TP53 mutations were more abundant in high-CIN tumors, while PIK3CA mutations were more frequent in low-CIN tumors. In colorectal and gastric cancers, tumors with MSI demonstrated much fewer copy number changes than microsatellite stable (MSS) tumors. In colorectal and gastric cancers, the molecular characteristics of tumors revealed the mutational diversity between the different anatomical origins of tumors. This study provides novel insights into the molecular landscape of Chinese gastrointestinal cancers and the genetic differences between tumor locations, which could be useful for future clinical patient stratification and targeted interventions.

3.
Front Genet ; 12: 704162, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34594358

RESUMO

The domesticated silkworm, Bombyx mori, is an important model system for the order Lepidoptera. Currently, based on third-generation sequencing, the chromosome-level genome of Bombyx mori has been released. However, its transcripts were mainly assembled by using short reads of second-generation sequencing and expressed sequence tags which cannot explain the transcript profile accurately. Here, we used PacBio Iso-Seq technology to investigate the transcripts from 45 developmental stages of Bombyx mori. We obtained 25,970 non-redundant high-quality consensus isoforms capturing ∼60% of previous reported RNAs, 15,431 (∼47%) novel transcripts, and identified 7,253 long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) with a large proportion of novel lncRNA (∼56%). In addition, we found that transposable elements (TEs) exonization account for 11,671 (∼45%) transcripts including 5,980 protein-coding transcripts (∼32%) and 5,691 lncRNAs (∼79%). Overall, our results expand the silkworm transcripts and have general implications to understand the interaction between TEs and their host genes. These transcripts resource will promote functional studies of genes and lncRNAs as well as TEs in the silkworm.

4.
Clin Lung Cancer ; 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34645582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pleural effusion (PE) has been one of the promising sources of liquid biopsy in advanced lung cancer patients. However, its clinical utility is not widely accepted due to the lack of full estimation of its potential versus routine clinical samples. METHOD: A total of 164 advanced lung cancer patients were enrolled with 164 matched tumor tissue and PE-cfDNA, 153 accompanied plasma and 63 1PE-sDNA. RESULT: PE-cfDNA displayed significantly higher median mutant allele frequency and an overall mutation concordance rate of 65% to tissue, which was higher than PE-sDNA (43%) and plasma-cfDNA (43%). The discrepancies between PE-cfDNA and tumor tissue were high in several genes, including SMARCA4, PIK3CA, ERBB2, KM T2A, ALK and NF1. For clinically actionable mutations, the concordance rate between PE-cfDNA and tumor tissue is 87%. Eleven patients were identified with actionable mutations in PE-cfDNA and four patients benefited from PE-cfDNA-guided targeted. Meanwhile, PE-cfDNA recapitulated mutations of diverse tissue origins and provided more mutational information under the circumstance that tumor tissue or tumor tissue of different origins were unavailable. The combination of tumor tissue and PE-cfDNA profiling increased positive detection rates of patients compared to tumor tissue alone. Our finding highlighted the importance of PE-cfDNA in the optimal selection of patients for targeted therapy. CONCLUSION: The PE-cfDNA-based liquid biopsy displays better performance in the characterization of gene alterations than PE-sDNA and plasma-cfDNA. PE-cfDNA together with tumor tissue profiling optimizes comprehensively genomic profiling of lung cancer patients, which might be important for selecting patients for better treatment management.

5.
BMC Biotechnol ; 21(1): 54, 2021 09 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34544395

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the emergence of CRISPR/Cas9 technology, multiple gene editing procedures became available for the silkworm. Although binary transgene-based methods have been widely used to generate mutants, delivery of the CRISPR/Cas9 system via DNA-free ribonucleoproteins offers several advantages. However, the T7 promoter that is widely used in the ribonucleoprotein-based method for production of sgRNAs in vitro requires a 5' GG motif for efficient initiation. The resulting transcripts bear a 5' GG motif, which significantly constrains the number of targetable sites in the silkworm genome. RESULTS: In this study, we used the T7 promoter to add two supernumerary G residues to the 5' end of conventional (perfectly matched) 20-nucleotide sgRNA targeting sequences. We then asked if sgRNAs with this structure can generate mutations even if the genomic target does not contain corresponding GG residues. As expected, 5' GG mismatches depress the mutagenic activity of sgRNAs, and a single 5' G mismatch has a relatively minor effect. However, tests involving six sgRNAs targeting two genes show that the mismatches do not eliminate mutagenesis in vivo, and the efficiencies remain at useable levels. One sgRNA with a 5' GG mismatch at its target performed mutagenesis more efficiently than a conventional sgRNA with 5' matched GG residues at a second target within the same gene. Mutations generated by sgRNAs with 5' GG mismatches are also heritable. We successfully obtained null mutants with detectable phenotypes from sib-mated mosaics after one generation. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, our method improves the utility and flexibility of the ribonucleoprotein-based CRISPR/Cas9 system in silkworm.

6.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 7(9): 4626-4636, 2021 09 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34469125

RESUMO

Sericin has become a promising natural anti-inflammatory protein. However, the biological functions of sericins largely depend on their origins; no study has yet been carried out to comparatively investigate the therapeutic effects of sericins from different sources against inflammatory diseases. Herein, we extracted and purified three kinds of sericins, namely silkworm sericin (SS), tussah sericin (TS), and castor silk sericin (CSS). These sericins showed negligible cytotoxicities against colitis-associated cells (colon epitheliums and activated macrophages). Further investigations displayed that these sericins could remarkably downregulate the secreted amounts of TNF-α, promote the recovery of the damaged colonic epithelial barrier, and eliminate endogenous reactive oxygen species in Raw 264.7 macrophages and Caenorhabditis elegans. In vivo experiments demonstrated that chitosan/alginate hydrogel-encapsulating SS could achieve efficient accumulation of SS in the colitis tissues and thereby play a more effective role in relieving ulcerative colitis (UC) than TS and CSS. Our findings collectively demonstrate that SS can be extracted, formulated, and used as a robust therapeutic agent for the oral treatment of UC.


Assuntos
Bombyx , Colite Ulcerativa , Sericinas , Animais , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Hidrogéis
7.
Mater Horiz ; 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34586118

RESUMO

Recent advances in wearable and implantable electronics have increased the demand for biocompatible integrated energy storage systems. Conducting polymers, such as polyaniline (PANi), have been suggested as promising electrode materials for flexible biocompatible energy storage systems, based on their intrinsic structural flexibility and potential polymer chain compatibility with biological interfaces. However, due to structural disorder triggering insufficient electronic conductivity and moderate electrochemical stability, PANi still cannot fully satisfy the requirements for flexible and biocompatible energy storage systems. Herein, we report a biocompatible physiological electrolyte activated flexible supercapacitor encompassing crystalline tetra-aniline (c-TANi) as the active electrode material, which significantly enhances the specific capacitance and electrochemical cycling stability with chloride electrochemical interactions. The crystallization of TANi endows it with sufficient electronic conductivity (8.37 S cm-1) and a unique Cl- dominated redox charge storage mechanism. Notably, a fully self-healable and biocompatible supercapacitor has been assembled by incorporating polyethylene glycol (PEG) with c-TANi as a self-healable electrode and a ferric-ion cross-linked sodium polyacrylate (Fe3+-PANa)/0.9 wt% NaCl as a gel electrolyte. The as-prepared device exhibits a remarkable capacitance retention even after multiple cut/healing cycles. With these attractive features, the c-TANi electrode presents a promising approach to meeting the power requirements for wearable or implantable electronics.

8.
Insects ; 12(8)2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34442305

RESUMO

Diapause is one of the survival strategies of insects for confronting adverse environmental conditions. Bombyx mori displays typical embryonic diapause, and offspring diapause depends on the incubation environment of the maternal embryo in the bivoltine strains of the silkworm. However, the molecular mechanisms of the diapause induction process are still poorly understood. In this study, we compared the differentially expressed miRNAs (DEmiRs) in bivoltine silkworm embryos incubated at diapause- (25 °C) and non-diapause (15 °C)-inducing temperatures during the blastokinesis (BK) and head pigmentation (HP) phases using transcriptome sequencing. There were 411 known miRNAs and 71 novel miRNAs identified during the two phases. Among those miRNAs, there were 108 and 74 DEmiRs in the BK and HP groups, respectively. By the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis of the predicted target genes of the DEmiRs, we found that aside from metabolism, the targets were also enriched in phototransduction-fly and insect hormone biosynthesis in the BK group and the HP group, respectively. Dual luciferase reporter assay illustrated that bmo-miR-6497-3p directly regulated Bmcycle and subsequently regulated the expression of circadian genes. These results imply that microRNAs, as vitally important regulators, respond to different temperatures and participate in the diapause induction process across species.

9.
J Pharm Anal ; 11(3): 374-382, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34277125

RESUMO

A number of research has shown that the plant polyphenol resveratrol, one of the most prominent small molecules, has beneficial protective effects in multiple organisms, including worms, flies, and killifish. To understand the effects of resveratrol on lifespan, we evaluated its effects in the silkworm Bombyx mori. In this study, we found that lifespan was significantly prolonged in both female and male silkworms treated with resveratrol. Silkworm larval weight was significantly increased from day 3 of the 5th larval instar (L5D3) to day 7 of the 5th larval instar (L5D7). However, the weight of the pupa, cocoon, and total cocoon was not significantly different in female silkworms with resveratrol treatment than that in controls. Meanwhile, resveratrol significantly improved the thermotolerance of the silkworms, which enhanced their survival rate. Moreover, antioxidant activity was increased by resveratrol in both female and male silkworms. Furthermore, an antioxidant-related signalling pathway, SIRT7-FoxO-GST, was activated in silkworms with resveratrol treatment. Collectively, these results help us to understand the molecular pathways underlying resveratrol induced pro-longevity effects and indicate that silkworm is a promising animal model for evaluating the effects of lifespan-extending drugs.

10.
Curr Opin Genet Dev ; 69: 140-146, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34030080

RESUMO

Insect colors and color patterns have fascinated biologists for centuries. While extensive research has focused on the adult colors of Drosophila and butterflies, our understanding of how colors are generated and diversified in embryonic and larval stages remains limited, especially, the genetics behind the protective coloration of the immobile embryonic and larval stages. Lepidoptera, one of the most widespread and species-rich insect orders, are extremely helpful uncovering those mechanisms due to their remarkable diverse colors in eggs and caterpillars within or among species, and these colors usually are variable in different developmental stages or in response to different environments. Here we review the recent progress on coloration of lepidopteran eggs and caterpillars, focusing on the genetic basis, developmental mechanisms, ecology, and evolution underlying the remarkable color diversity.

11.
ACS Nano ; 15(4): 7821-7832, 2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33834770

RESUMO

MXenes are an emerging class of highly conductive two-dimensional (2D) materials with electrochemical storage features. Oriented macroscopic Ti3C2Tx fibers can be fabricated from a colloidal 2D nematic phase dispersion. The layered conductive Ti3C2Tx fibers are ideal candidates for constructing high-speed ionic transport channels to enhance the electrochemical capacitive charge storage performance. In this work, we assemble Ti3C2Tx fibers with a high degree of flake orientation by a wet spinning process with controlled spinning speeds and morphology of the spinneret. In addition to the effects of cross-linking of magnesium ions between Ti3C2Tx flakes, the electronic conductivity and mechanical strength of the as-prepared fibers have been improved to 7200 S cm-1 and 118 MPa, respectively. The oriented Ti3C2Tx fibers present a volumetric capacitive charge storage capability of up to 1360 F cm-3 even in a Mg-ion based neutral electrolyte, with contributions from both nanofluidic ion transport and Mg-ion intercalation pseudocapacitance. The oriented 2D Ti3C2Tx driven nanofluidic channels with great electronic conductivity and mechanical strength endows the MXene fibers with attributes for serving as conductive ionic cables and active materials for fiber-type capacitive electrochemical energy storage, biosensors, and potentially biocompatible fibrillar tissues.

12.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 491, 2021 04 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33888855

RESUMO

Scales are symbolic characteristic of Lepidoptera; however, nothing is known about the contribution of cuticular proteins (CPs) to the complex patterning of lepidopteran scales. This is because scales are resistant to solubilization, thus hindering molecular studies. Here we succeeded in dissolving developing wing scales from Bombyx mori, allowing analysis of their protein composition. We identified a distinctive class of histidine rich (His-rich) CPs (6%-45%) from developing lepidopteran scales by LC-MS/MS. Functional studies using RNAi revealed CPs with different histidine content play distinct and critical roles in constructing the microstructure of the scale surface. Moreover, we successfully synthesized films in vitro by crosslinking a 45% His-rich CP (BmorCPR152) with laccase2 using N-acetyl- dopamine or N-ß-alanyl-dopamine as the substrate. This molecular study of scales provides fundamental information about how such a fine microstructure is constructed and insights into the potential application of CPs as new biomaterials.


Assuntos
Escamas de Animais/química , Bombyx/química , Proteínas de Insetos/química , Proteínas/química , Asas de Animais/química , Escamas de Animais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Bombyx/efeitos dos fármacos , Cromatografia Líquida , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Asas de Animais/efeitos dos fármacos
13.
Insect Sci ; 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822467

RESUMO

The development of insect appendages requires the expression of multiple genes in a strict spatial and temporal order. The odd-skipped family genes are vital transcriptional factors involved in embryonic development. The development and morphogenesis of the insect wing requires multiple transcription factors to regulate the expression of wing patterning genes at the transcriptional level. However, the function of odd-related genes in insect wing morphogenesis and development during postembryonic stages is unclear. We focused on the roles of the sister of odd and bowl (sob) gene, a member of odd-skipped family genes, during the wing morphopoiesis in Bombyx mori using the clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 system and in Tribolium castaneum by RNA interference. The results showed that the wings were significantly smaller and degenerated, and wing veins were indistinct in the sob gene loss-of-function group in both B. mori and T. castaneum. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction revealed that the Tcsob gene regulated the expression of wing development genes, such as the cht 7 and the vg gene. The findings suggest the importance of sob gene in insect wing morphology formation during postembryonic stages.

14.
Int J Cancer ; 2021 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33811322

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to investigate age-dependent tendency of genomic alterations in lung cancer, and also to examine mutational profiles and its association with clinical treatment outcomes in young adenocarcinoma patients. By studying 7858 lung cancer samples using targeted-gene sequencing, we investigated genomic differences and clinical on-treatment time (OTT) to different therapies between young (≤ 45 years) and old (> 45 years) patients. The age-dependent trend test for genomic alterations in all patients revealed steady increases in tumor mutation burden and alterations in a number of genes with age, including KRAS, MET, CDKN2A, PIK3CA and MDM2, while the frequencies of ALK, ROS1 and RET fusions and ERBB2 mutations were decreasing. The highest rate of EGFR alterations was observed in the 45 ~ 50 years age group. Comparisons of young and old adenocarcinoma patients found that young patients were characterized by a higher prevalence of ALK, ROS1 and RET fusions, and ERBB2 exon-20 insertions and EGFR exon-19 deletions. Actionable mutations were highly prevalent in young adenocarcinoma patients, with 88% of patients harboring at least one actionable genetic alteration. First-line therapies in EGFR-positive patients (n = 979) by EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors or chemotherapy resulted in similar OTT between young and old patients. Somatic interaction analyses implied that young EGFR-positive patients were more likely to also have PIK3CA, MET, TP53 and RB1 mutations than old patients. Lung cancer in young patients, and especially those with adenocarcinoma, exhibited different clinical features and genomic attributes compared to old patients, which should be considered for therapeutic decision-making purposes.

15.
J Proteomics ; 238: 104155, 2021 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33610826

RESUMO

Wing discs of Bombyx mori (B. mori) are transformed into wings during metamorphosis via dramatic morphological and structural changes. Mutations in genes related to the wings cause the adults to have altered wing shapes or abnormal wing colour. At present, there are more than 20 wing mutants recorded in the silkworm. However, the key factors that influence B. mori wing development are still unclear. Here, we used the strains +Wes/+Wes and Wes/+Wes that are typical for the normal wing and shriveled wing phenotypes, respectively, to identify differentially expressed proteins by label-free data-independent acquisition (DIA). Ten enriched GO terms and 9 KEGG pathways were identified based on the 3993 proteins in the wings. Among the identified and quantified proteins, 370 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were detected (P-value <0.01, |log2FC| > 0.58). Mapping of the DEPs to the reference canonical pathways in KEGG showed that the top 20% of the pathways were related to fatty acid, cutin, suberin and wax biosynthesis, protein processing in endoplasmic reticulum, protein export, etc. Of the 370 DEPs, 238 were down-regulated, and 132 were up-regulated of Wes/+Wes compared with +Wes/+Wes. Numerous cuticular proteins were down-regulated, and fatty metabolism enzymes were up-regulated, in Wes/+Wes compared with +Wes/+Wes. SIGNIFICANCE: The comparative analysis of proteomes suggested that cuticular proteins and fatty metabolism enzymes are the main abnormally expressed proteins in the pupal wings of Wes/+Wes, leading to curly and shrunken wings after moth transformation. Our results also identify the substances affecting the development of silkworm wings from the perspective of proteins. The information from this study is important for further research on the molecular mechanisms of wing development in lepidopteran insects, and these differentially expressed genes may be targets for Lepidoptera pest control.


Assuntos
Bombyx , Animais , Bombyx/genética , Proteínas de Insetos/genética , Lipídeos , Proteoma , Asas de Animais
16.
J Cancer ; 12(3): 644-651, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33403024

RESUMO

Background: Alterations in MET exon 14 (METex14) and its flanking intronic regions have been identified in a variety of cancers. Patients with METex14 alterations often benefit from MET inhibitors such as crizotinib. Given the unique mutation profiles of Chinese lung cancer patients, it is necessary to investigate the prevalence of METex14 alterations in a large cohort of cancer patients. Patients and methods: Cases carrying METex14 alterations were screened from 26,391 Chinese cancer patients by next-generation sequencing (NGS), and the clinicopathologic and molecular characteristics were reviewed. Results: Compared to Western population (~3%), the frequency of METex14 alterations is much lower in Chinese cancer patients (0.7%, n=184) and lung cancer patients (1.1%, n=175). Seventy-eight distinct METex14 alterations, including several novel alteration types were detected. Concurrent MET copy gain and non-exon14 MET mutations were also found. EGFR copy gain (11%) and mutations (8%), KRAS (5%) and PIK3CA (5%), appeared in a mutually exclusive pattern. Female patients contain much less TP53 mutations than male patients (65% vs. 24%, FDR = 0.01). Co-amplification of CDK4 and MDM2, CDK6 and EGFR were identified, which indicated cell cycle dysregulation and EGFR alteration are important co-occurring features in patients with METex 14 alteration. Of 9 tissue specimens having PD-L1 immunohistochemistry (IHC) results, 5 of them (55.5%) were found PD-L1 positive, which is comparable to other types of tumor. In 14 crizotinib-treated patients, the median progression free survival (mPFS) was 7 months. Upon resistance to crizotinib, two patients acquired secondary mutations in MET and one patient acquired BRAF p.K601E that can be a novel resistance mechanism. Conclusion: Chinese cancer patients have a relatively lower frequency of METex14 alterations compared to Western patients. Patients with METex14 alterations showed distinct molecular characteristics and the representative case study showed responses to MET tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI).

17.
J Anim Breed Genet ; 138(3): 278-290, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33044783

RESUMO

Breeding or genetic improvement refers to the process of artificial selection following domestication; as such, it has had a major influence on modern agriculture and animal production. Improvement generally focuses on traits that greatly affect the economic performance. Therefore, understanding the genetic basis underlying improvement will contribute to the identification of genes controlling economic traits and will facilitate future crop and animal breeding. However, genome-wide study of the molecular basis underlying improvement remains rare. The silkworm is a unique, entirely domesticated economically important invertebrate; genetic improvement has had a huge effect on the silkworm regarding silk-related traits. Herein, we performed whole-genomic sequencing on local and genetically improved silkworm lines to identify the genomic regions under strong selection in silkworm breeding/improvement. By genomic-wide selective sweeping analysis, we identified 24 genomic regions with strong selection signals, eight of which contained 13 candidate genes underlying silkworm breeding. Interestingly, six of these genes were annotated with functions related to neural signal response. Among the six genes, BGIBMGA004050 encodes silkworm CREB-regulated_transcription_coactivator_1 (BmCRTC1), which was reported to be involved in energy-sensing pathways. These results suggested that improvement may have affected the nervous system of the silkworm. This research will provide new insights into the genetic basis underlying the genetic improvement of silkworms and possibly of other species.


Assuntos
Bombyx , Genoma , Animais , Bombyx/genética , Domesticação , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/veterinária , Genômica , Seleção Genética
18.
Insect Sci ; 28(5): 1290-1299, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32918398

RESUMO

The coloration and hatchability of insect eggs can affect individual and population survival. However, few genetic loci have been documented to affect both traits, and the genes involved in regulating these two traits are unclear. The silkworm recessive mutant rel shows both red egg color and embryo mortality. We studied the molecular basis of the rel phenotype formation. Through genetic analysis, gene screening and sequencing, we found that two closely linked genes, BGIBMGA003497 (Bm-re) and BGIBMGA003697 (BmSema1a), control egg color and embryo mortality, respectively. Six base pairs of the Bm-re gene are deleted in its open reading frame, and BmSema1a is expressed at abnormally low levels in mutant rel . BmSema1a gene function verification was performed using RNA interference and clustered randomly interspersed palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associate protein 9. Deficiency of the BmSema1a gene can cause the death of silkworm embryos. This study revealed the molecular basis of silkworm rel mutant formation and indicated that the Sema1a gene is essential for insect embryo development.

19.
ACS Biomater Sci Eng ; 6(12): 6949-6960, 2020 12 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33320625

RESUMO

Wound healing generally has four stages: hemostasis, inflammation, proliferation, and remolding. Most wound dressings only just take one or two phases into account. Herein, to develop a novel wound dressing that works at different stages, the blended alginate sodium/carboxymethyl chitosan membranes with a hydrogel-like structure are fabricated through a freeze-drying process together with a dual-ion (Sr2+ and Zn2+) cross-linking approach. The fabricated membranes show excellent properties in the swelling ratio, water vapor transmission rate, tensile strength, sustained release, cell adhesiveness, and biocompatibility, proving its general performance for application in wound healing. In particular, the membranes with optimal ion concentrations of 45 mM Sr2+ and 0.74 mM Zn2+ presented the antibacterial activity and accelerating function of wound healing. More specifically, the formation of epithelium and blood vessels is evidently advanced compared with a commercial dressing in vivo experiment, and the expression of main growth factors such as epidermal growth factor, basic fibroblast growth factor, vascular endothelial growth factor, and transforming growth factor is upregulated which also have good effects on the remolding of skin. The prepared wound dressings in this study have good effects on each stage of wound healing, which is important for the healing of chronic wounds. It provides more choices for wound healing, especially for chronic wound healing.


Assuntos
Bandagens , Membranas , Cicatrização , Alginatos , Hidrogéis
20.
Front Chem ; 8: 585077, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33240846

RESUMO

Silk fibroin has the merits of biocompatibility, biodegradability, ease of processing, and feasibility of modification, which present it as a promising drug delivery material. This review focuses on the structures of silk fibroin, the controlled transformation of secondary structures, and the formation mechanism of silk fibroin-based nanoparticles (SFNPs). We also discuss the intrinsic multi-responsive, surface functionalization, and transgenic modification of SFNPs for drug delivery.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...