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1.
Org Biomol Chem ; 17(34): 7854-7857, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408075

RESUMO

A copper-catalyzed DTBP oxidative dual C-H sulfurization has been developed for the direct thiocarbamation of imidazopyridines using a combination of elemental sulfur and formamides as carbamothioyl surrogates. NBS (bromo succinimide) was found to promote the thiocarbamation in good yields. This dual C-H sulfurization strategy enables access to a wide range of carbamothioyl imidazoheterocycles without the use of highly toxic phosgene.

2.
Oral Oncol ; 97: 56-61, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421472

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma (SNUC) is a rare, highly aggressive cancer. Despite aggressive multimodal therapy, its prognosis remains poor. Because of its locally advanced nature and high propensity for distant metastasis, we frequently use induction chemotherapy before definitive therapy in patients with SNUC. However, about 30% of patients do not respond to induction chemotherapy, and lack of response is associated with a poor survival rate. Therefore, in this study, we performed gene expression analysis of SNUC samples to identify prognostic markers for induction chemotherapy response. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded SNUC tumor samples from previously untreated patients harvested before induction chemotherapy were used. Gene expression was performed using an oncology gene expression panel. RESULTS: We identified 34 differentially expressed genes that distinguish the responders from the non-responders. Pathway analysis using these genes revealed alteration of multiple pathways between the two groups. Of these 34 genes, 24 distinguished between these two groups. Additionally, 16 gene pairs were associated with response to induction therapy. CONCLUSION: We identified genes predictive of SNUC response to induction chemotherapy and pathways potentially associated with treatment outcome. This is the first report of identification of predictive biomarkers for response of SNUC to induction chemotherapy, and it may help us develop therapeutic strategies to improve the treatment outcomes of non-responders.

3.
Sci Total Environ ; 693: 133579, 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376757

RESUMO

Biofouling of reverse osmosis (RO) membranes is an inevitable issue in wastewater reclamation and limits the application of RO systems. Chlorine disinfection is widely used as a pretreatment to control biofouling. However, the extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and cellular inclusions released during chlorine disinfection might also cause membrane fouling. Furthermore, little is known regarding the chlorine resistance of bacterial strains found on fouled RO membranes. In this study, four bacterial strains isolated from fouled RO membranes were used as testing subjects to investigate the bacterial inactivation performance of chlorine disinfection. The effects of chlorine disinfection on the RO membrane fouling potential of these strains were also revealed. The chlorine resistance ability of Sphingopyxis sp. BM1-1 was strongest among the four strains as it secretes the highest amount of EPS per cell. The log inactivation efficiency of this strain was 1-log by 0.2 mg-Cl2/L in 30 min, which was one to three orders of magnitude lower than that of the other strains. Although chlorine disinfection inactivated most bacterial cells (>90%), the reaction with chlorine significantly increased the RO membrane fouling potential of all bacterial solutions. To elucidate the main mechanism behind the increase in the fouling potential, we further investigated the changes in the properties of EPS, and the release of EPS and cellular inclusions during chlorine disinfection. Chlorine disinfection did not significantly affect the RO membrane fouling potential of the EPS secreted by these bacterial strains. However, dissolved organic carbon (DOC), protein, polysaccharide, and DNA concentration of all bacterial solutions increased by one to nine times after chlorine disinfection. These results indicate that large amounts of EPS and cellular inclusions were released into the solutions after the reaction with chlorine, which was the main cause of the increase in RO membrane fouling potential of the bacterial solution after chlorine disinfection.

4.
Org Lett ; 21(16): 6461-6465, 2019 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31373207

RESUMO

Reported herein is a new copper-catalyzed N-H/C-H sequential relay oxidative radical carboannulation of [60]fullerene with C2-functionalized free indoles for the direct construction of novel [60]fullerene-fused tetrahydrocyclopenta[b]indoles. The transformation shows high regioselectivity and atom economy, broad substrate scope, and good functional group tolerance, providing an efficient and practical approach to access diversely substituted fullerene-fused polycyclic derivatives from simple hydrocarbons.

5.
Mol Carcinog ; 2019 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397499

RESUMO

Recent studies have indicated that using statins to inhibit the mevalonate pathway induces mutant p53 degradation by impairing the interaction of mutant p53 with DnaJ subfamily A member 1 (DNAJA1). However, the role of the C-terminus of DNAJA1 with a CAAX box for farnesylation in the binding, folding, and translocation of client proteins such as mutant p53 is not known. In the present study, we used a genetically engineered mouse model of pancreatic carcinoma and showed that atorvastatin significantly increased animal survival and inhibited pancreatic carcinogenesis. There was a dramatic decrease in mutant p53 protein accumulation in the pancreatic acini, pancreas intraepithelial neoplasia lesions, and adenocarcinoma. Supplementation with farnesyl pyrophosphate, a substrate for protein farnesylation, rescued atorvastatin-induced mutant p53 degradation in pancreatic cancer cells. Tipifarnib, a farnesyltransferase inhibitor, mirrored atorvastatin's effects on mutant p53, degraded mutant p53 in a dose-dependent manner, and converted farnesylated DNAJA1 into unfarnesylated DNAJA1. Farnesyltransferase gene knockdown also significantly promoted mutant p53 degradation. Coimmunoprecipitation either by an anti-DNAJA1 or p53 antibody confirmed the direct interaction of mutant p53 and DNAJA1 and higher doses of atorvastatin treatments converted more farnesylated DNAJA1 into unfarnesylated DNAJA1 with much less mutant p53 pulled down by DNAJA1. Strikingly, C394S mutant DNAJA1, in which the cysteine of the CAAX box was mutated to serine, was no longer able to be farnesylated and lost the ability to maintain mutant p53 stabilization. Our results show that farnesylated DNAJA1 is a crucial chaperone in maintaining mutant p53 stabilization and targeting farnesylated DNAJA1 by atorvastatin will be critical for inhibiting p53 mutant cancer.

6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(13): 2841-2848, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359699

RESUMO

Curcumin( Cur) is a natural active substance extracted from the roots or tubers of traditional Chinese medicinal materials. It has anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor activities on brain diseases. Due to the poor stability,low solubility,poor absorption and low bioavailability of curcumin,N-acetyl-L-cysteine( NAC) was used as an absorption enhancer and mixed with curcumin to improve the absorption of curcumin in the body. In this paper,curcumin was smashed by airflow pulverization,and Cur-NAC mixtures were prepared by being grinded with liquid. Then,the raw material and the product were analyzed by differential scanning calorimetry( DSC),X-ray diffraction( XRD) for structural characterization. The dissolution was determined by high performance liquid chromatography( HPLC) analysis. The characteristic peaks of the samples prepared by grinding method were similar to those of the raw materials,while the melting temperature and the accumulated dissolution degree were not significantly changed. The crystal forms of the products were not changed,and no new crystal form was formed after grinding. After the administration of intranasal powder,blood samples were collected from the orbit,while the whole brain tissues were removed from the skull and dissected into 10 anatomical regions. The concentrations of curcumin in these samples were determined by UPLC-MS/MS. The concentrations of curcumin in plasma and brain were compared at different time points. After intranasal administration of two drugs,it was found that the concentration of curcumin after sniffing up the mixtures in plasma was high,and the concentration of the drug in the olfactory bulb,hippocampus,and pons was increased significantly. Within 0. 083-0. 5 h,the olfactory bulb,piriform lobe and hippocampus remained high concentrations,the endodermis,striatum,hypothalamus and midbrain reached high concentrations within 1-3 h; and the cerebellum,pons and brain extension maintained relatively high concentrations within 3-7 h. The experiment showed that nasal administration of Cur-NAC mixtures can significantly improve the bioavailability of curcumin,and lead to significant differences in brain tissue distribution.

7.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1549, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31354712

RESUMO

Background: Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is a rare and severe X-linked disorder with variable clinical phenotypes correlating with the type of mutations in the WAS gene. The syndrome is difficult to differentiate from idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) before genetic diagnosis. We retrospectively reviewed patients suspected to have WAS who were referred to our hospital from 2004 to 2016 and compared the clinical features and laboratory examination of genetically confirmed WAS patients and of patients diagnosed with ITP in order to seek some clues to distinguish WAS and ITP before genetic diagnosis. Methods: Seventy-eight children suspected to have WAS from 78 unrelated families were enrolled in this study. The clinical data and laboratory examination of children were reviewed in the present study. The distribution of lymphocyte subsets from peripheral blood was examined by how cytometry. WASP mutations were identified by direct sequencing of PCR-amplified genomic DNA. Results: Forty-two patients were finally diagnosed with WAS genetically. The median onset age of these patients was 1 month (range: 1 day-10 months). The median diagnosis lag was 4.6 months (range: 0 months-9.42 years). Fifteen patients (35.71%) had positive family histories. More than half of the patients (n = 23, 54.76%) had diarrhea. Twenty-three (54.76%) had pneumonia, 7 with severe symptoms. Major bleeding events included skin spots or petechiae (n = 27, 64.29%), per-rectal bleeding (n = 21, 50.00%), epistaxis (n = 7, 16.67%) and intracranial bleeding (n = 2, 4.76%). Twenty-nine patients (69.05%) had eczema, and one patient had a drug allergy. Three patients had autoimmune diseases, among whom 2 had autoimmune hemolytic anemia and one had autoimmune hemolytic anemia and IgA nephropathy. A total of 42 mutations in WASP were identified, including 19 novel mutations. Eight patients received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and all survived. Compared with the 30 patients diagnosed with ITP, the WAS patients had higher EOS counts and elevated IgE level, increased NK cell numbers but fewer CD8+T lymphocytes. Conclusion: The WAS gene diagnosis should be considered in all males with ITP-like features, especially for patients with a very early onset age, decreased MPV (<6.5 fl), higher EOS counts and elevated IgE level, increased NK cell number, diminished CD8+T lymphocyte count.

8.
Environ Pollut ; 254(Pt A): 112924, 2019 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362254

RESUMO

The long-term use of animal manure in agriculture has resulted in estrogen pollution, which poses risks to facility vegetable soils. Owing to the complex soil composition, estrogen may exhibit a variety of behaviors at the water/soil interface. This study demonstrated the role of humic acid (HA) on the 17ß-estradiol (E2) adsorption by clay minerals (montmorillonite, kaolinite, and hematite). The interfacial behaviors were investigated using adsorption kinetics and isotherms data. Then, the effects of temperature, pH, and bisphenol A (BPA) on the interactions between humic-mineral complexes and E2 were explored. The adsorption of E2 is an exothermic and spontaneous process, and the addition of HA to minerals significantly promoted their E2 adsorption capacities. Higher pH levels (>10) and the presence of BPA decreased the adsorption capacities of minerals and mineral complexes for E2. Moreover, intercalation, hydrophobic partitioning, π-π interactions and hydrogen bonding could dominate the E2 adsorption onto complexes. These results provided insight into the interfacial behaviors of E2 on the surfaces of humic-mineral complexes and promoted the understanding of the migration and transport of estrogens in soils.

9.
Multivariate Behav Res ; : 1-23, 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31264449

RESUMO

Despite the wide application of longitudinal studies, they are often plagued by missing data and attrition. The majority of methodological approaches focus on participant retention or modern missing data analysis procedures. This paper, however, takes a new approach by examining how researchers may supplement the sample with additional participants. First, refreshment samples use the same selection criteria as the initial study. Second, replacement samples identify auxiliary variables that may help explain patterns of missingness and select new participants based on those characteristics. A simulation study compares these two strategies for a linear growth model with five measurement occasions. Overall, the results suggest that refreshment samples lead to less relative bias, greater relative efficiency, and more acceptable coverage rates than replacement samples or not supplementing the missing participants in any way. Refreshment samples also have high statistical power. The comparative strengths of the refreshment approach are further illustrated through a real data example. These findings have implications for assessing change over time when researching at-risk samples with high levels of permanent attrition.

10.
Sci Signal ; 12(585)2019 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31186373

RESUMO

AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) senses energetic stress and, in turn, promotes catabolic and suppresses anabolic metabolism coordinately to restore energy balance. We found that a diverse array of AMPK activators increased mTOR complex 2 (mTORC2) signaling in an AMPK-dependent manner in cultured cells. Activation of AMPK with the type 2 diabetes drug metformin (GlucoPhage) also increased mTORC2 signaling in liver in vivo and in primary hepatocytes in an AMPK-dependent manner. AMPK-mediated activation of mTORC2 did not result from AMPK-mediated suppression of mTORC1 and thus reduced negative feedback on PI3K flux. Rather, AMPK associated with and directly phosphorylated mTORC2 (mTOR in complex with rictor). As determined by two-stage in vitro kinase assay, phosphorylation of mTORC2 by recombinant AMPK was sufficient to increase mTORC2 catalytic activity toward Akt. Hence, AMPK phosphorylated mTORC2 components directly to increase mTORC2 activity and downstream signaling. Functionally, inactivation of AMPK, mTORC2, and Akt increased apoptosis during acute energetic stress. By showing that AMPK activates mTORC2 to increase cell survival, these data provide a potential mechanism for how AMPK paradoxically promotes tumorigenesis in certain contexts despite its tumor-suppressive function through inhibition of growth-promoting mTORC1. Collectively, these data unveil mTORC2 as a target of AMPK and the AMPK-mTORC2 axis as a promoter of cell survival during energetic stress.

11.
Cancer Commun (Lond) ; 39(1): 36, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31221221

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: On May 8, 2018, the China National Medical Products Administration (NMPA) approved anlotinib, an orally administered anti-angiogenesis inhibitor, for the treatment of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have progressed after treatment with two or more lines of prior systemic chemotherapy. China NMPA reviewed and inspected a regional double-blinded, placebo-controlled, Phase III trial comparing the overall survival (OS) of NSCLC patients between the anlotinib and placebo arms. A total of 437 patients were randomized (2:1) to receive either anlotinib (n = 294) or placebo (n = 143) once daily on a 2-week on and 1-week off schedule. Patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) or activating anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) genomic tumor aberrations should have disease progression on NMPA-approved therapy. Anlotinib is the first NMPA-approved drug for patients with advanced NSCLC who have progressed on at least two lines of prior systemic chemotherapies in China. The approval was based on a statistically and clinically significant improvement in median OS with anlotinib (9.46 months) compared with placebo [6.37 months; hazard ratio (HR]) = 0.70, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.55-0.89; two-sided log-rank P = 0.002]. The confirmed objective response rate (ORR) was 9.2% in the anlotinib arm and 0.7% in the placebo arm. The median duration of response (DoR) was 4.83 months, with a 95% CI of 3.31-6.97 months. The toxicity profile of anlotinib was consistent with that of known anti-angiogenesis inhibitors. Common adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in anlotinib-treated patients included hypertension (67.4%), hand-foot syndrome (43.9%), hemoptysis (14.0%), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) elevation (46.6%), and corrected QT interval (QTc) prolongation (26.2%). SHORT CONCLUSION: Anlotinib demonstrated a clinically significant OS prolongation as a novel therapeutic option for advanced or metastatic NSCLC following at least two lines of chemotherapy.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31204209

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interleukin 6 (IL-6) induce the inflammatory response directly related with the morbidity and mortality of neonatal. Here we aimed to explore the mechanism of IL-6 in neonatal inflammatory response by studying the IL-6/STAT3 signaling pathway. METHODS: Cord blood samples from health term neonatal and peripheral venous blood from health volunteers were collected. The monocytes of adults and cord blood were isolated and induced into macrophages. Then the macrophages were pretreated with or without MG132 before IL-6 stimulation. Proteins were analyzed by Western blot, mRNA by real time PCR and membrane molecule by flow cytometry. RESULTS: The acute phase protein gene expression in neonatal macrophages after stimulated with IL-6 were higher than that in adult. Significantly enhanced phosphorylation of STAT3 was seen in neonatal macrophages. Both mRNA and protein expression of SOCS3 in neonatal macrophages were lower than that in adult. After pretreated with MG132, the expression of SOCS3 protein was increased which lead to attenuate the STAT3 phosphorylation and APP gene expression. CONCLUSION: Neonatal exhibit an enhanced expression of downstream target genes and IL-6/STAT3 signal pathway which is related with the diminished SOCS3. This provides a new sight into inflammatory responses in neonatal.

13.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 10(1): 172, 2019 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31196174

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinically, for stem cell-based therapy (SCBT), autologous stem cells are considered better than allogenic stem cells because of little immune rejection and no risk of communicable disease infection. However, severe maxillofacial bone defects restoration needs sufficient autologous stem cells, and this remains a challenge worldwide. Human gingival mesenchymal stem cells (hGMSCs) derived from clinically discarded, easily obtainable, and self-healing autologous gingival tissues, have higher proliferation rate compared with autologous bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs). But for clinical bone regeneration purpose, GMSCs have inferior osteogenic differentiation capability. In this study, a TGF-ß signaling inhibitor SB431542 was used to enhance GMSCs osteogenesis in vitro and to repair minipig severe maxillofacial bone defects. METHODS: hGMSCs were isolated and cultured from clinically discarded gingival tissues. The effects of SB431542 on proliferation, apoptosis, and osteogenic differentiation of hGMSCs were analyzed in vitro, and then, SB431542-treated hGMSCs composited with Bio-Oss® were transplanted into immunocompromised mice subcutaneously to explore osteogenic differentiation in vivo. After that, SB431542-treated autologous pig GMSCs (pGMSCs) composited with Bio-Oss® were transplanted into circular confined defects (5 mm × 12 mm) in minipigs maxillary to investigate severe bone defect regeneration. Minipigs were sacrificed at 2 months and nude mice at 8 weeks to retrieve specimens for histological or micro-CT or CBCT analysis. Effects of SB431542 on TGF-ß and BMP signaling in hGMSCs were investigated by Western Blot or qRT-PCR. RESULTS: One micromolar of SB431542 treatment induced a robust osteogenesis of hGMSCs in vitro, without adverse effect on apoptosis and growth. In vivo, 1 µM SB431542 treatment also enabled striking osteogenesis of hGMSCs subcutaneously in nude mice and advanced new bone formation of pGMSCs in minipig maxillary bone defect model. In addition, SB431542-treated hGMSCs markedly increased bone-related proteins expression, and BMP2 and BMP4 gene expression. Conversely, SMAD3 protein-dependent TGF-ß signal pathway phosphorylation was decreased. CONCLUSIONS: Our study show that osteogenic differentiation of GMSCs treated with TGF-ß signaling inhibitor SB431542 was increased, and SB431542-treated autologous pig GMSCs could successfully repair minipig severe maxillofacial bone defects. This preclinical study brings about a promising large bone regeneration therapeutic potential of autologous GMSCs induced by SB431542 in clinic settings.

14.
J Hazard Mater ; 378: 120712, 2019 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31203127

RESUMO

Heterogeneous Fenton reaction is an attractive method for degradation of organic pollutants due to its high efficiency and non-selectivity and it also causes no secondary pollution. However, low degradation rate and poor recyclability of the catalysts limit its applications for water purification. To overcome this, herein, copper ferrite/reduced graphene oxide (CF/rGO) aerogel was prepared by a one-step hydrothermal method, as a highly efficient catalyst for the microwave-assisted Fenton reaction (MAFR). Under optimal conditions (500 W of microwave power, 600 µL of H2O2, 15 mg of catalyst, and 30 mg/L of RhB), the degradation efficiency of CF/rGO aerogel at 1.0 min (95.7%) was higher than that of reference samples at 3.0 min. Thermodynamical study showed the activation energy, enthalpy change, entropy change, and Gibbs free energy change were 0.73 kJ/mol, -49.5 kJ/mol, -0.135 kJ/mol·K, and -6.8 kJ/mol, respectively, indicating that MAFR was an endothermic and non-spontaneous process.Radical trapping experiments showed that OH, O2-, and h+ played a combined role in RhB degradation. Besides high catalytic activity, CF/rGO aerogel also displayed good reusability, showing removal efficiency of 87.4% after 5 cycles. The high efficiency, good reusability, and simple process make CF/rGO aerogel a promising catalyst for wastewater treatment.

15.
Stroke ; 50(8): 1959-1967, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31208302

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- International Classification of Diseases, Ninth and Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM) codes are often used for disease surveillance. We examined changes in concordance between ICD-CM codes and clinical diagnoses before and after the transition to ICD-10-CM in the United States (October 1, 2015), and determined if there were systematic variations in concordance by patient and hospital characteristics. Methods- We included Paul Coverdell National Acute Stroke Program patient discharges from 2014 to 2017. Concordance between ICD-CM codes and the clinical diagnosis documented by the physician (assumed as accurate) was calculated for each diagnosis category: ischemic stroke, transient ischemic attack, subarachnoid hemorrhage, and intracerebral hemorrhage. Results- In total, 314 857 patient records were included in the analysis (n=280 hospitals), 55.9% of which were obtained after the transition to ICD-10-CM. While concordance was generally high, a small, and temporary decline occurred from the last calendar quarter of ICD-9-CM (average unadjusted concordance =92.8%) to the first quarter of ICD-10-CM use (91.0%). Concordance differed by diagnosis category and was generally highest for ischemic stroke. In the analysis of ICD-10-CM records, disagreements often occurred between ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack records and between subarachnoid and intracerebral hemorrhage records. Compared with the smallest hospitals (≤200 beds), larger hospitals had significantly higher odds of concordance (ischemic stroke adjusted odds ratio for ≥400 beds, 1.7; 95% CI, 1.5-1.9). Conclusions- This study identified a small and transient decline in concordance between ICD-CM codes and stroke clinical diagnoses during the coding transition, indicating no substantial impact on the overall identification of stroke patients. Researchers and policymakers should remain aware of potential changes in ICD-CM code accuracy over time, which may affect disease surveillance. Systematic variations in the accuracy of codes by hospital and patient characteristics have implications for quality-of-care studies and hospital comparative assessments.

16.
J Hum Genet ; 64(8): 815-820, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31164702

RESUMO

Genghis Khan's lineage has attracted both academic and general interest because of its mystery and large influence. However, the truth behind the mystery is complicated and continues to confound the scientific study. In this study, we surveyed the molecular genealogy of Northwestern China's Lu clan who claim to be the descendants of the sixth son of Genghis Khan, Toghan. We also investigated living members of the Huo and Tuo clans, who, according to oral tradition, were close male relatives of Lu clan. Using network analysis, we found that the Y-chromosomal haplotypes of Lu clan mainly belong to haplogroup C2b1a1b1-F1756, widely prevalent in Altaic-speaking populations, and are closely related to the Tore clan from Kazakhstan, who claim to be the descendants of the first son of Genghis Khan, Jochi. The most recent common ancestor of the special haplotype cluster that includes the Lu clan and Tore clan lived about 1000 years ago (YA), while the Huo and Tuo clans do not share any Y lineages with the Lu clan. In addition to the reported lineages, such as C3*-Star Cluster, R1b-M343, and Q, our results indicate that haplogroup C2b1a1b1-F1756 might be another candidate of the true Y lineage of Genghis Khan.

17.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 7404038, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31240222

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the in vitro cytotoxicity of self-adhesive dual-cured resin cement (SADRC) polymerized beneath three different cusp inclinations of zirconia with different light curing time. A commercial SADRC (Multilink Speed) was polymerized beneath zirconia (ZrO2) with three different cusp inclinations (0°, 20°, and 30°) for 20 s or 40 s. After being stored in light-proof box for 24 h, the ZrO2-SADRC specimens were immersed in DMEM for 72 h and then we got the extract solution, cultured the human gingival fibroblasts (HGF, 8 × 103 per well) with 100% or 50% concentrations of the extract solution for 24 h, 72 h, and 120 h, respectively, and evaluated cytotoxicity of the polymerized SADRC with CCK-8 assay in optical density (OD) values, relative growth rates (RGR), and cytotoxicity grades. Statistical analysis was conducted using a two-way ANOVA followed by post hoc Student-Newman-Keuls test. The OD values varied from 0.8930 to 3.2920, the RGR varied from 33.93% to 98.68%, and the cytotoxicity grades varied from 0 to 2. There was significant difference in the OD values among the different cusp inclinations of zirconia (P < 0.001), and there was significant difference in the OD values between the different light curing times in some situations (P < 0.05). The cusp inclination of zirconia affects the in vitro cytotoxicity of SADRC. Prolonging the light curing time from 20 s to 40 s can reduce the in vitro cytotoxicity of SADRC when the cusp inclination of zirconia is smaller than 20°.

18.
Small ; 15(35): e1900578, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31165564

RESUMO

Ultrathin 2D molybdenum disulfide (MoS2 ), which is the flagship of 2D transition-metal dichalcogenide nanomaterials, has drawn much attention in the last few years. 2D MoS2 has been banked as an alternative to platinum for highly active hydrogen evolution reaction because of its low cost, high surface-to-volume ratio, and abundant active sites. However, when MoS2 is used directly as a photocatalyst, contrary to public expectation, it still performs poorly due to lateral size, high recombination ratio of excitons, and low optical cross section. Besides, simply compositing MoS2 as a cocatalyst with other semiconductors cannot satisfy the practical application, which stimulates the pursual of a comprehensive insight into recent advances in synthesis, properties, and enhanced hydrogen production of MoS2 . Therefore, in this Review, emphasis is given to synthetic methods, phase transitions, tunable optical properties, and interfacial engineering of 2D MoS2 . Abundant ways of band edge tuning, structural modification, and phase transition are addressed, which can generate the neoteric photocatalytic systems. Finally, the main challenges and opportunities with respect to MoS2 being a cocatalyst and coherent light-matter interaction of MoS2 in photocatalytic systems are proposed.

19.
J Org Chem ; 84(11): 7255-7264, 2019 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31094189

RESUMO

Cu(II)/Mn(III)-mediated synergistic radical N-heteroannulation reaction of [60]fullerene with N-sulfonylated o-amino-arylmalonates has been developed for the direct and efficient construction of [60]fullerene-fused tetrahydroquinoline derivatives. A plausible mechanism for the formation of fullerotetrahydroquinolines is proposed, and the electrochemical properties of the obtained fullerene adducts are investigated.

20.
J Chromatogr A ; 1602: 378-385, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31043229

RESUMO

Danhong injection (DHI) is a Chinese Material Medical standardized traditional Chinese medicine injection (TCMI) used for the treatment of coronary heart disease and cerebral ischemia. The present study aims to describe and exemplify an UPLC-QTrap based integrated strategy enhanced by precursor ion (PRE) scan, to systematically and rapidly identify the chemical constituents of DHI. After untargeted EMS-IDA-EPI scan, fragmentation study of representative components and focused PRE scans, 90 compounds were tentatively identified. Compared with the single full scan, the presented strategy provided high sensitivity to phenolic compounds with the help of PRE scan mode and QqQ instrument. Considering the abundant phenolic contents in DHI, the established strategy was designed to give sensitive and systematic characterization of phenolic constituents. The results may provide more information to help illustrate the relationship between the complicated constituents and the therapeutic effects of DHI. This strategy may also be applied in researches on other traditional Chinese medicine products.

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