Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 123
Filtrar
1.
J Clin Immunol ; 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048120

RESUMO

Since 2013, the International Union of Immunological Societies (IUIS) expert committee (EC) on Inborn Errors of Immunity (IEI) has published an updated phenotypic classification of IEI, which accompanies and complements their genotypic classification into ten tables. This phenotypic classification is user-friendly and serves as a resource for clinicians at the bedside. There are now 430 single-gene IEI underlying phenotypes as diverse as infection, malignancy, allergy, autoimmunity, and autoinflammation. We herein report the 2019 phenotypic classification, including the 65 new conditions. The diagnostic algorithms are based on clinical and laboratory phenotypes for each of the ten broad categories of IEI.

2.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; : e1172, 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32067425

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We report the first case of a family with co-occurrence of Wilson disease (WD), an autosomal recessive disorder of copper metabolism, and X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA), a primary immunodeficiency disorder (PIDD) that features marked reduction in circulating B lymphocytes and serum immunoglobulins. METHODS AND RESULTS: Through utilization of a multiplexed biomarker peptide quantification method known as the immuno-SRM assay, we were able to simultaneously and independently identify which family members are affected with WD and which are affected with XLA using dried blood spots (DBS). CONCLUSION: Being able to delineate multiple diagnoses using proteolytic analysis from a single DBS provides support for implementation of this methodology for clinical diagnostic use as well as large-scale population screening, such as newborn screening (NBS). This could allow for early identification and treatment of affected individuals with WD or XLA, which have been shown to reduce morbidity and decrease mortality in these two populations.

4.
Clin Immunol ; 211: 108330, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31899331

RESUMO

Primary immunodeficiency Disorders (PIDD) are a varied group of heritable disorders characterized by defects in components of the innate and/or adaptive arms of the immune system. Although diagnosing these disorders is often challenging, the skin is a readily accessible and easily assessable organ that may provide clues to a diagnosis of PIDD. Specifically, many immunodeficiencies are associated with characteristic cutaneous eruptions that, based on their morphology, distribution and symptomatology, may suggest a specific underlying diagnosis. This review will discuss an approach to identifying and managing PIDDs that typically present with eczematous dermatitis.

5.
J Clin Immunol ; 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31953710

RESUMO

We report the updated classification of Inborn Errors of Immunity/Primary Immunodeficiencies, compiled by the International Union of Immunological Societies Expert Committee. This report documents the key clinical and laboratory features of 430 inborn errors of immunity, including 64 gene defects that have either been discovered in the past 2 years since the previous update (published January 2018) or were characterized earlier but have since been confirmed or expanded upon in subsequent studies. The application of next-generation sequencing continues to expedite the rapid identification of novel gene defects, rare or common; broaden the immunological and clinical phenotypes of conditions arising from known gene defects and even known variants; and implement gene-specific therapies. These advances are contributing to greater understanding of the molecular, cellular, and immunological mechanisms of disease, thereby enhancing immunological knowledge while improving the management of patients and their families. This report serves as a valuable resource for the molecular diagnosis of individuals with heritable immunological disorders and also for the scientific dissection of cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying inborn errors of immunity and related human diseases.

6.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 145(1): 46-69, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568798

RESUMO

Genetic testing has become an integral component of the diagnostic evaluation of patients with suspected primary immunodeficiency diseases. Results of genetic testing can have a profound effect on clinical management decisions. Therefore clinical providers must demonstrate proficiency in interpreting genetic data. Because of the need for increased knowledge regarding this practice, the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases Committee established a work group that reviewed and summarized information concerning appropriate methods, tools, and resources for evaluating variants identified by genetic testing. Strengths and limitations of tests frequently ordered by clinicians were examined. Summary statements and tables were then developed to guide the interpretation process. Finally, the need for research and collaboration was emphasized. Greater understanding of these important concepts will improve the diagnosis and management of patients with suspected primary immunodeficiency diseases.

8.
Blood Rev ; 38: 100596, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31416717

RESUMO

The development and regulatory approval of chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR-T) therapies targeting the B-lineage surface antigen CD19 represents a major milestone in cancer immunotherapy. This treatment also results in depletion of normal CD19+ B cells and is associated with hypogammaglobulinemia. These on-target, off-tumor toxicities may result in an increased risk for infection, particularly for encapsulated bacteria. Data regarding the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of prophylactic IgG replacement in CD19-targeted CAR-T cell therapy recipients is lacking, and current expert recommendations are extrapolated from the data for individuals with primary immune deficiencies. This article reviews CAR-T cell therapies targeting B-lineage lymphocytes, associated side effects, and considerations for the approach to management of hypogamaglobulinemia in this patient population. Studies are needed to establish evidence-based approaches to prophylactic immunoglobulin administration in this context, and strategies may differ by patient and CAR-T cell product characteristics.

9.
J Clin Immunol ; 39(7): 653-667, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376032

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) affects approximately 1/3 of patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD). Comprehensive investigation of the effect of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) on CGD IBD and the impact of IBD on transplant outcomes is lacking. METHODS: We collected data retrospectively from 145 patients with CGD who had received allogeneic HCT at 26 Primary Immune Deficiency Treatment Consortium (PIDTC) centers between January 1, 2005 and June 30, 2016. RESULTS: Forty-nine CGD patients with IBD and 96 patients without IBD underwent allogeneic HCT. Eighty-nine percent of patients with IBD and 93% of patients without IBD engrafted (p = 0.476). Upper gastrointestinal acute GVHD occurred in 8.5% of patients with IBD and 3.5% of patients without IBD (p = 0.246). Lower gastrointestinal acute GVHD occurred in 10.6% of patients with IBD and 11.8% of patients without IBD (p = 0.845). The cumulative incidence of acute GVHD grades II-IV was 30% (CI 17-43%) in patients with IBD and 20% (CI 12-29%) in patients without IBD (p = 0.09). Five-year overall survival was equivalent for patients with and without IBD: 80% [CI 66-89%] and 83% [CI 72-90%], respectively (p = 0.689). All 33 surviving evaluable patients with a history of IBD experienced resolution of IBD by 2 years following allogeneic HCT. CONCLUSIONS: In this cohort, allogeneic HCT was curative for CGD-associated IBD. IBD should not contraindicate HCT, as it does not lead to an increased risk of mortality. This study is registered at clinicaltrials.gov NCT02082353.

10.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 66(5): e27619, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30697957

RESUMO

An array of monogenic immune defects marked by autoimmunity, lymphoproliferation, and hyperinflammation rather than infections have been described. Primary immune regulatory disorders pose a challenge to pediatric hematologists and oncologists. This paper focuses on primary immune regulatory disorders including autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) and ALPS-like syndromes, immunodysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked (IPEX) and IPEX-like disorders, common variable immunodeficiency (CVID), CVID-like, and late-onset combined immunodeficiency (CID) disorders. Hyperinflammatory disorders and those associated with increased susceptibility to lymphoid malignancies are also discussed. Using a case-based approach, a review of clinical pearls germane to the clinical and laboratory evaluation as well as the treatment of these disorders is provided.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hematológicas/etiologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/complicações , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Terapia Combinada , Gerenciamento Clínico , Feminino , Neoplasias Hematológicas/patologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Prognóstico
13.
J Allergy Clin Immunol ; 143(4): 1482-1495, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30170123

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Caspase activation and recruitment domain 11 (CARD11) encodes a scaffold protein in lymphocytes that links antigen receptor engagement with downstream signaling to nuclear factor κB, c-Jun N-terminal kinase, and mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1. Germline CARD11 mutations cause several distinct primary immune disorders in human subjects, including severe combined immune deficiency (biallelic null mutations), B-cell expansion with nuclear factor κB and T-cell anergy (heterozygous, gain-of-function mutations), and severe atopic disease (loss-of-function, heterozygous, dominant interfering mutations), which has focused attention on CARD11 mutations discovered by using whole-exome sequencing. OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the molecular actions of an extended allelic series of CARD11 and to characterize the expanding range of clinical phenotypes associated with heterozygous CARD11 loss-of-function alleles. METHODS: Cell transfections and primary T-cell assays were used to evaluate signaling and function of CARD11 variants. RESULTS: Here we report on an expanded cohort of patients harboring novel heterozygous CARD11 mutations that extend beyond atopy to include other immunologic phenotypes not previously associated with CARD11 mutations. In addition to (and sometimes excluding) severe atopy, heterozygous missense and indel mutations in CARD11 presented with immunologic phenotypes similar to those observed in signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 loss of function, dedicator of cytokinesis 8 deficiency, common variable immunodeficiency, neutropenia, and immune dysregulation, polyendocrinopathy, enteropathy, X-linked-like syndrome. Pathogenic variants exhibited dominant negative activity and were largely confined to the CARD or coiled-coil domains of the CARD11 protein. CONCLUSION: These results illuminate a broader phenotypic spectrum associated with CARD11 mutations in human subjects and underscore the need for functional studies to demonstrate that rare gene variants encountered in expected and unexpected phenotypes must nonetheless be validated for pathogenic activity.

14.
Front Immunol ; 9: 2756, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30564228

RESUMO

Background: Primary immunodeficiency disorders (PIDD) comprise a group of life-threatening congenital diseases characterized by absent or impaired immune responses. Despite the fact that effective, curative treatments are available with optimal clinical outcomes when diagnosed early, newborn screening does not exist for the majority of these diseases due to the lack of detectable, specific biomarkers or validated methods for population-based screening. Peptide immunoaffinity enrichment coupled with selected reaction monitoring mass spectrometry (immuno-SRM) is a sensitive proteomic assay, involving antibody-mediated peptide capture, that allows for concurrent quantification of multiple analytes. This assay has promise for use in potential newborn screening of PIDDs that lead to diminished or absent target proteins in the majority of cases. Objective: To determine and evaluate if a multiplex assay based on immuno-SRM is able to reliably and precisely distinguish affected patients with X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA), Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome (WAS), and CD3ϵ-associated severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) from one another and from unaffected normal control dried blood spot (DBS) samples. Methods: We performed a blinded, multiplexed analysis of proteolytically-generated peptides from WASp, BTK, and CD3ϵ (for WAS, XLA, and SCID, respectively) in DBS samples from 42 PIDD patients, 40 normal adult controls, and 62 normal newborns. The peptide ATPase copper transporting protein (ATP7B) 1056 was simultaneously monitored for quality assurance purposes. Results: The immuno-SRM assays reliably quantified the target peptides in DBS and accurately distinguished affected patients from normal controls. Analysis of signature peptides found statistically significant reduction or absence of peptide levels in affected patients compared to control groups in each case (WASp and BTK: p = 0.0001, SCID: p = 0.05). Intra and inter-assay precision ranged from 11 to 22% and 11 to 43% respectively; linearity (1.39-2000 fmol peptide), and stability (≤ 0.09% difference in 72 h) showed high precision for the multiplexed assay. Inter-laboratory assay comparison showed high concordance for measured peptide concentrations, with R2 linearity ≥ 0.97 for the WASp 274, CD3ϵ 197, BTK 407, and ATP7B 1056 peptides. Conclusion: Immuno-SRM-based quantification of proteotypic peptides from WASp, BTK, and CD3ϵ in DBS distinguishes relevant PIDD cases from one another and from controls, raising the possibility of employing this approach for large-scale multiplexed newborn screening of selective PIDDs.


Assuntos
Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/diagnóstico , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/metabolismo , Agamaglobulinemia/diagnóstico , Agamaglobulinemia/metabolismo , Anticorpos/metabolismo , Bioensaio/métodos , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Estudos de Coortes , ATPases Transportadoras de Cobre/metabolismo , Teste em Amostras de Sangue Seco/métodos , Feminino , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/diagnóstico , Doenças Genéticas Ligadas ao Cromossomo X/metabolismo , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Triagem Neonatal/métodos , Peptídeos/metabolismo , Proteômica/métodos
16.
Front Immunol ; 9: 2411, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30443250

RESUMO

Background: Immune Dysregulation, Polyendocrinopathy, Enteropathy, X-linked (IPEX) Syndrome is a rare recessive disorder caused by mutations in the FOXP3 gene. In addition, there has been an increasing number of patients with wild-type FOXP3 gene and, in some cases, mutations in other immune regulatory genes. Objective: To molecularly asses a cohort of 173 patients with the IPEX phenotype and to delineate the relationship between the clinical/immunologic phenotypes and the genotypes. Methods: We reviewed the clinical presentation and laboratory characteristics of each patient and compared clinical and laboratory data of FOXP3 mutation-positive (IPEX patients) with those from FOXP3 mutation-negative patients (IPEX-like). A total of 173 affected patients underwent direct sequence analysis of the FOXP3 gene while 85 IPEX-like patients with normal FOXP3 were investigated by a multiplex panel of "Primary Immune Deficiency (PID-related) genes." Results: Forty-four distinct FOXP3 variants were identified in 88 IPEX patients, 9 of which were not previously reported. Among the 85 IPEX-like patients, 19 different disease-associated variants affecting 9 distinct genes were identified. Conclusions: We provide a comprehensive analysis of the clinical features and molecular bases of IPEX and IPEX-like patients. Although we were not able to identify major distinctive clinical features to differentiate IPEX from IPEX-like syndromes, we propose a simple flow-chart to effectively evaluate such patients and to focus on the most likely molecular diagnosis. Given the large number of potential candidate genes and overlapping phenotypes, selecting a panel of PID-related genes will facilitate a molecular diagnosis.


Assuntos
Genes Ligados ao Cromossomo X , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Enteropatias/diagnóstico , Enteropatias/genética , Fenótipo , Poliendocrinopatias Autoimunes/diagnóstico , Poliendocrinopatias Autoimunes/etiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Biomarcadores , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Heterogeneidade Genética , Genótipo , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/imunologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Mutação , Poliendocrinopatias Autoimunes/mortalidade , Poliendocrinopatias Autoimunes/terapia , Síndrome , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Linfócitos T Reguladores/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
17.
Front Pediatr ; 6: 230, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30177960

RESUMO

We report a novel homozygous JAK3 mutation in two female Brazilian SCID infants from two unrelated kindreds. Patient 1 was referred at 2 months of age due to a family history of immunodeficiency and the appearance of a facial rash. The infant was screened for TRECs (T-cell receptor excision circles) and KRECs (kappa-deleting recombination excision circles) for the assessment of newly formed naïve T and B cells respectively, which showed undetectable TRECs and normal numbers of KRECs. Lymphocyte immunophenotyping by flow cytometry confirmed the screening results, revealing a T-B+NK- SCID. The patient underwent successful HSCT. Patient 2 was admitted to an intensive care unit at 8 months of age with severe pneumonia, BCGosis, and oral moniliasis; she also had a positive family history for SCID but newborn screening was not performed at birth. At 10 months of age she was diagnosed as a T-B+NK- SCID and underwent successful HSCT. JAK3 sequencing revealed the same homozygous missense mutation (c.2350G>A) in both patients. This mutation affects the last nucleotide of exon 17 and it is predicted to disrupt the donor splice site. cDNA sequencing revealed skipping of exon 17 missing in both patients, confirming the predicted effect on mRNA splicing. Skipping of exon 17 leads to an out of frame deletion of 151 nucleotides, frameshift and creation of a new stop codon 60 amino acids downstream of the mutation resulting in a truncated protein which is likely nonfunctional.

20.
J Clin Immunol ; 38(4): 540-541, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29781065

RESUMO

The original version of this article unfortunately contained mistakes in some of the author names and affiliations. The correct list of author names and affiliations is below, with the corrections in bold.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA