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J Eukaryot Microbiol ; 41(6): 602-7, 1994.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-7866384


A total of 4.1% infestation with Chilodonella spp. was found among fish studied in 144 tanks in 1987-1989, representing 14.0% of the tanks in which fish are reared at four salmonid farms in northern Finland. Two species were found, C. hexasticha and C. piscicola, and both occurred on salmon (Salmo salar L.), sea trout [S. trutta m. trutta (L.)] and brown trout [S. t. m. lacustris (L.)]. Variability was observed in the length and width of the C. piscicola specimens and the number of ciliary rows or kineties. Large specimens which had more kineties than average for C. piscicola were found mainly on the skin of salmon aged 1-2 years. The number of kineties in the right ciliary band was found in stepwise logistic regression analysis to be of importance when typing C. piscicola specimens. Fingerlings were found to be more susceptible to Chilodonella infestation than older fish, and mortality varied in the range 2-10% in the course of the epizootics in the three fish species. Most mortality cases were caused by C. hexasticha, occurring mainly on the gills of the fish. Chilodonella piscicola was most often found in salmon and occurred at lower water temperatures than C. hexasticha (mean water temperature when found for the first time being 13 degrees C and 16 degrees C, respectively).

Infecções por Cilióforos/veterinária , Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Pesqueiros , Cinetofragminóforos/isolamento & purificação , Salmão/parasitologia , Truta/parasitologia , Animais , Infecções por Cilióforos/parasitologia , Finlândia , Brânquias/parasitologia , Cinetofragminóforos/citologia , Pele/parasitologia