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2.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 15(2): 77-83, mar.-abr. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: ibc-ET1-3367

RESUMO

Objetivos: Desarrollar recomendaciones sobre la actividad física y el ejercicio para pacientes con espondiloartritis (EspA) basadas en la opinión de expertos. Métodos: Dos grupos de expertos, uno de fisioterapeutas, rehabilitadores y profesionales de la actividad física y deporte y otro de reumatólogos con interés en EspA, se reunieron para discutir los resultados de grupos focales con pacientes sobre barreras al ejercicio y de una encuesta a reumatólogos sobre ejercicio en EspA. A continuación se redactaron unas recomendaciones preliminares que fueron sometidas a la opinión de los expertos de ambos grupos mediante metodología Delphi a dos rondas. Resultados: Se emitieron 21 recomendaciones que cubren el ejercicio físico, la adaptación al paciente, el modo de dar los mensajes, el manejo del dolor, el tipo de ejercicios indicado y el seguimiento. El grado de acuerdo varía ligeramente entre los grupos de expertos pero en general fue alto. Los ítems discordantes o con poco acuerdo fueron eliminados del consenso. Conclusiones: Se han emitido recomendaciones sobre cuándo y cómo prescribir ejercicio físico y monitorizarlo en pacientes con EspA basadas en la opinión de expertos en espondilitis y en la prescripción de ejercicio. Deberemos confirmar si estas recomendaciones son útiles para la práctica clínica y tienen efecto en los pacientes con EspA atendidos por reumatólogos


Objective: To develop expert-based recommendations on physical activity and exercise for patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA). Methods: Two discussion groups, one of physical therapists, rehabilitation physicians, and professionals of physical activity and sports, and another of rheumatologists interested in SpA, were held to discuss the results of a survey of rheumatologists on exercise and two focus groups with patients on barriers to exercise. Preliminary recommendations were drafted. These were submitted to the opinion of the experts in both groups according to a two round Delphi methodology. Results: Twenty one recommendations covering general aspects of exercise, adaptation to patient, how to deliver messages, pain management, and type of exercise and monitoring were issued. The level of agreement varied slightly between expert groups but it was high overall. Items with poor agreement were removed from the consensus. Conclusions: We present recommendations on when and how to prescribe and monitor exercise in patients with SpA based on the opinion of experts in exercise and in SpA. We must now test whether these recommendations are useful for clinical practice and have an effect on patients with SpA seen by rheumatologists

3.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(3)2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30552173

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis affecting up to 30% of patients with psoriasis (Ps). To date, most of the known risk loci for PsA are shared with Ps, and identifying disease-specific variation has proven very challenging. The objective of the present study was to identify genetic variation specific for PsA. METHODS: We performed a genome-wide association study in a cohort of 835 patients with PsA and 1558 controls from Spain. Genetic association was tested at the single marker level and at the pathway level. Meta-analysis was performed with a case-control cohort of 2847 individuals from North America. To confirm the specificity of the genetic associations with PsA, we tested the associated variation using a purely cutaneous psoriasis cohort (PsC, n=614) and a rheumatoid arthritis cohort (RA, n=1191). Using network and drug-repurposing analyses, we further investigated the potential of the PsA-specific associations to guide the development of new drugs in PsA. RESULTS: We identified a new PsA risk single-nucleotide polymorphism at B3GNT2 locus (p=1.10e-08). At the pathway level, we found 14 genetic pathways significantly associated with PsA (pFDR<0.05). From these, the glycosaminoglycan (GAG) metabolism pathway was confirmed to be disease-specific after comparing the PsA cohort with the cohorts of patients with PsC and RA. Finally, we identified candidate drug targets in the GAG metabolism pathway as well as new PsA indications for approved drugs. CONCLUSION: These findings provide insights into the biological mechanisms that are specific for PsA and could contribute to develop more effective therapies.

4.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 14(6): 346-359, nov.-dic. 2018. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-176028

RESUMO

Objetivos: Identificar las comorbilidades prioritarias en la espondiloartritis axial (EspAx) y recomendar cómo hacer su seguimiento desde una perspectiva eminentemente práctica. Métodos: Se seleccionó a un grupo multidisciplinar (10 reumatólogos [6 expertos en EspAx], 2 médicos de familia, una internista, una cardióloga, una gastroenteróloga y una psicóloga). En una primera reunión de discusión, se establecieron el alcance y los usuarios, y se votó una lista de comorbilidades sobre la base de la frecuencia y el impacto. Los panelistas debían defender con argumentos consistentes la inclusión de cada comorbilidad/ítem en el documento. Cuatro panelistas y 2 metodólogos, desarrollaron revisiones sistemáticas en temas controvertidos. En una segunda reunión se presentaron los resultados de las revisiones y los argumentos de todos los ítems a incluir. Tras esta reunión se redactó el documento final. Resultados: El documento final incluye 2 listas de comprobación (checklist), una para profesionales sanitarios y otra para pacientes, que recogen: riesgo cardiovascular, comorbilidad renal, riesgo gastrointestinal, estilo de vida, riesgo de infecciones y vacunación, afectación pulmonar, medicación concomitante, trastornos psicoafectivos, osteoporosis y riesgo de fractura. Además, el documento refleja los argumentos para incluir cada ítem y la manera de recoger los ítems. Asimismo, el panel consideró oportuno establecer unas «prácticas a evitar» aplicables a la comorbilidad de la EspAx. Conclusiones: Se generaron 2 listas de comprobación y un listado de escenarios a evitar para facilitar el manejo de las comorbilidades de la EspAx. En pasos posteriores probaremos su utilidad y su aceptación por un grupo amplio de usuarios que incluya médicos, pacientes y enfermeras


Objectives: To identify priorities among comorbidities in axial spondyloarthritis (AxSpA) and recommend how to follow them from an eminently practical perspective. Methods: A multidisciplinary group was selected (10 rheumatologists-six of them experts in AxSpA-, 2 general practitioners, an internist, a cardiologist, a gastroenterologist and a psychologist). In a first discussion meeting, the scope and users were established and a list of comorbidities was voted based on frequency and impact. The panelists had to defend the inclusion of each comorbidity/item in the document with consistent arguments. Four panelists and two methodologists developed systematic reviews on controversial topics. In a second meeting, the results of the reviews and the arguments concerning the items to be included were presented. After the meeting, the final document was drafted. Results: The final document includes two checklists, one for health professionals and another for patients; they incorporate cardiovascular risk, renal comorbidities, gastrointestinal risk, lifestyle, risk of infections and vaccinations, pulmonary involvement, concomitant medication, psycho-affective disorders, osteoporosis, and risk of fracture. In addition, the document reflects the arguments favoring the inclusion of each item and how to record the items for subsequent collection. The panel considered it also appropriate to likewise establish «practices to avoid» applicable to comorbidity in AxSpA. Conclusions: Two checklists and a list of situations to avoid were generated to facilitate the management of comorbidities in AxSpA. In a future step, their utility and acceptance will be tested by a broad group of users that includes doctors, patients and nurses


Assuntos
Humanos , Espondilartrite/complicações , Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Nefropatias/epidemiologia , Gastroenteropatias/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Comorbidade , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Padrões de Prática Médica
5.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 14(5): 254-268, sept.-oct. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-175987

RESUMO

Objetivo: La primera finalidad de este documento de recomendaciones es proporcionar al clínico la mejor evidencia disponible y, en su defecto, la mejor opinión consensuada por los panelistas para un uso racional y fundado de las diversas opciones de tratamiento con fármacos antirreumáticos modificadores de la enfermedad (FAME) sintéticos y biológicos en artropatía psoriásica (APs). El presente documento también incide sobre aspectos importantes en el manejo de la APs, como el diagnóstico precoz, los objetivos terapéuticos, las comorbilidades y la optimización del tratamiento. Métodos: Las recomendaciones se consensuaron a través de un panel de 8 reumatólogos expertos, previamente seleccionados por la Sociedad Española de Reumatología (SER) mediante una convocatoria abierta. Las fases del trabajo fueron: identificación de las áreas claves para la actualización del consenso anterior, análisis y síntesis de la evidencia científica (sistema modificado de Oxford, CEBM, 2009) y formulación de recomendaciones a partir de esta evidencia y de técnicas de consenso. Resultados: Se emiten un total de 17 recomendaciones para el tratamiento de los pacientes con APs. Seis de ellas de carácter general, que abarcan desde la transcendencia del diagnóstico y tratamiento precoz hasta la importancia de las comorbilidades. El resto, las 11 específicas, se centran en las indicaciones de los FAME y la terapia biológica en las diferentes formas clínicas de la enfermedad. Así mismo, se abordan las situaciones de fracaso a un primer biológico y se incluyen los algoritmos de tratamientos y una tabla con las diferentes terapias biológicas. Conclusiones: Se presenta la actualización de las recomendaciones de la SER para el tratamiento de la APs con FAME y terapia biológica


Objective: The main purpose of this recommendation statement is to provide clinicians with the best available evidence and the best opinion agreed upon by the panelists for a rational use of synthetic disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and biologicals in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients. The present document also focuses on important aspects in the management of PsA, such as early diagnosis, therapeutic objectives, comorbidities and optimization of treatment. Methods: The recommendations were agreed by consensus by a panel of 8 expert rheumatologists, previously selected by the Spanish Society of Rheumatology (SER) through an open call. The phases of the work were: identification of key areas for updating the previous consensus, analysis and synthesis of scientific evidence (modified Oxford system, Centre for Evidence-based Medicine, 2009) and formulation of recommendations based on this evidence and by consensus techniques. Results: Seventeen recommendations were issued for the treatment of PsA patients. Six of them were of general nature, ranging from the early diagnosis and treatment to the importance of assessing comorbidities. The other 11 were focused on the indications for DMARDs and biological therapy in the distinct clinical forms of the disease. Likewise, the situation of failure of the first biological is addressed and treatment algorithms and a table with the different biological therapies are also included. Conclusions: We present the update of SER recommendations for the treatment of PsA with DMARDs and biologics


Assuntos
Humanos , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Biológica , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Padrões de Prática Médica
6.
Patient Prefer Adherence ; 12: 733-747, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29780239

RESUMO

Objective: This review aims to summarize the current literature on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in spondyloarthritis (SpA). Patients and methods: We performed a systematic literature review to identify studies (original articles and narrative and systematic reviews) regarding PROs (health-related quality of life [HRQoL], satisfaction, preferences, adherence/compliance, and persistence) in SpA patients published in the European Union through December 2016. International databases (Medline/PubMed, Cochrane Library, ISI Web of Knowledge, Scopus) were searched using keywords in English. The methodological quality of the studies was assessed using the Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine criteria. Results: A total of 26 publications met the inclusion criteria. Generally, studies indicated that SpA has a negative impact on patients' HRQoL. In patients with ankylosing spondylitis, physical domains were more affected than emotional ones, whereas for psoriatic arthritis, both physical and psychological factors were strongly affected by the disease. Data indicated that biological agents (BAs) greatly contributed to improvement in HRQoL in both ankylosing spondylitis and psoriatic arthritis patients. Findings on compliance with BAs were heterogeneous. However, persistence rates exceeded 50% irrespective of the BA administered. Results on preferences indicated that most SpA patients prefer being involved in decisions regarding their treatment and that besides efficacy and safety, frequency and route of administration may influence patients' preferences for BAs. Conclusion: Implementing management programs for SpA patients focuses on the physical, emotional, and social consequences of the disease, in addition to assessing and including patient preferences in the treatment decision-making process, could be crucial to improve patients' HRQoL and ensure their satisfaction and compliance with treatment.

7.
Rheumatol Int ; 38(7): 1277-1284, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29786781

RESUMO

To develop and evaluate a web application based on multimedia animations, combined with a training program, to improve the prescription of exercises in spondyloarthritis (SpA). After a review of exercises included in the main clinical trials and recommendations of international societies, a multidisciplinary team-rehabilitators, rheumatologists, physiotherapists, computer scientists and graphic designers-developed a web application for the prescription of exercises (EJES-3D). Once completed, this was presented to 12 pairs of rehabilitators-rheumatologists from the same hospital in a workshop. Knowledge about exercise was tested in rheumatologists before and 6 months after the workshop, when they also evaluated the application. The EJES-3D application includes 38 multimedia videos and allows prescribing predesigned programs or customizing them. A patient can consult the prescribed exercises at any time from a device with internet connection (mobile, tablet, or computer). The vast majority of the evaluators (89%) were satisfied or very satisfied and considered that their expectations regarding the usefulness of the web application had been met. They highlighted the ability to tailor exercises adapted to the different stages of the disease and the quality and variety of the videos. They also indicated some limitations of the application and operational problems. The EJES-3D tool was positively evaluated by experts in SpA, potentially the most demanding group of users with the most critical capacity. This allows a preliminary validation of the contents, usefulness, and ease of use. Analyzing and correcting the errors and limitations detected is allowing us to improve the EJES-3D tool.

8.
Reumatol Clin ; 14(5): 254-268, 2018 Sep - Oct.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29111261

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this recommendation statement is to provide clinicians with the best available evidence and the best opinion agreed upon by the panelists for a rational use of synthetic disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and biologicals in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients. The present document also focuses on important aspects in the management of PsA, such as early diagnosis, therapeutic objectives, comorbidities and optimization of treatment. METHODS: The recommendations were agreed by consensus by a panel of 8 expert rheumatologists, previously selected by the Spanish Society of Rheumatology (SER) through an open call. The phases of the work were: identification of key areas for updating the previous consensus, analysis and synthesis of scientific evidence (modified Oxford system, Centre for Evidence-based Medicine, 2009) and formulation of recommendations based on this evidence and by consensus techniques. RESULTS: Seventeen recommendations were issued for the treatment of PsA patients. Six of them were of general nature, ranging from the early diagnosis and treatment to the importance of assessing comorbidities. The other 11 were focused on the indications for DMARDs and biological therapy in the distinct clinical forms of the disease. Likewise, the situation of failure of the first biological is addressed and treatment algorithms and a table with the different biological therapies are also included. CONCLUSIONS: We present the update of SER recommendations for the treatment of PsA with DMARDs and biologics.

9.
Reumatol Clin ; 2017 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28807651

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop expert-based recommendations on physical activity and exercise for patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA). METHODS: Two discussion groups, one of physical therapists, rehabilitation physicians, and professionals of physical activity and sports, and another of rheumatologists interested in SpA, were held to discuss the results of a survey of rheumatologists on exercise and two focus groups with patients on barriers to exercise. Preliminary recommendations were drafted. These were submitted to the opinion of the experts in both groups according to a two round Delphi methodology. RESULTS: Twenty one recommendations covering general aspects of exercise, adaptation to patient, how to deliver messages, pain management, and type of exercise and monitoring were issued. The level of agreement varied slightly between expert groups but it was high overall. Items with poor agreement were removed from the consensus. CONCLUSIONS: We present recommendations on when and how to prescribe and monitor exercise in patients with SpA based on the opinion of experts in exercise and in SpA. We must now test whether these recommendations are useful for clinical practice and have an effect on patients with SpA seen by rheumatologists.

10.
Reumatol Clin ; 2017 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28461161

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To identify priorities among comorbidities in axial spondyloarthritis (AxSpA) and recommend how to follow them from an eminently practical perspective. METHODS: A multidisciplinary group was selected (10 rheumatologists-six of them experts in AxSpA-, 2 general practitioners, an internist, a cardiologist, a gastroenterologist and a psychologist). In a first discussion meeting, the scope and users were established and a list of comorbidities was voted based on frequency and impact. The panelists had to defend the inclusion of each comorbidity/item in the document with consistent arguments. Four panelists and two methodologists developed systematic reviews on controversial topics. In a second meeting, the results of the reviews and the arguments concerning the items to be included were presented. After the meeting, the final document was drafted. RESULTS: The final document includes two checklists, one for health professionals and another for patients; they incorporate cardiovascular risk, renal comorbidities, gastrointestinal risk, lifestyle, risk of infections and vaccinations, pulmonary involvement, concomitant medication, psycho-affective disorders, osteoporosis, and risk of fracture. In addition, the document reflects the arguments favoring the inclusion of each item and how to record the items for subsequent collection. The panel considered it also appropriate to likewise establish «practices to avoid¼ applicable to comorbidity in AxSpA. CONCLUSIONS: Two checklists and a list of situations to avoid were generated to facilitate the management of comorbidities in AxSpA. In a future step, their utility and acceptance will be tested by a broad group of users that includes doctors, patients and nurses.

11.
Rheumatol Int ; 37(8): 1239-1248, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28389856

RESUMO

The objective is to establish recommendations, based on evidence and expert opinion, for the identification and management of comorbidities in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). The following techniques were applied: discussion group, systematic review, and Delphi survey for agreement. A panel of professionals from four specialties defined the users, the sections of the document, possible recommendations, and what systematic reviews should be performed. A second discussion was held with the results of the systematic reviews. Recommendations were formulated in the second meeting and voted online from 1 (total disagreement) to 10 (total agreement). Agreement was considered if at least 70% voted ≥7. The level of evidence and grade of recommendation were assigned using the Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine guidance. The full document was critically appraised by the experts, and the project was supervised at all times by a methodologist. In a final step, the document was reviewed and commented by a patient and a health management specialist. Fourteen recommendations were produced, together with a checklist to facilitate the implementation. The items with the largest support from evidence were those related to cardiovascular disease and risk factors. The panel recommends paying special attention to obesity, smoking, and alcohol consumption, as they are all modifiable factors with an impact on treatment response or complications of PsA. Psychological and organizational aspects were also deemed important. We herein suggest practical recommendations for the management of comorbidities in PsA based on evidence and expert opinion.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/terapia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Gerenciamento Clínico , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Tomada de Decisões , Técnica Delfos , Humanos , Reumatologia/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Espanha
12.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 74(10): 1875-81, 2015 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25990289

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Copy number variants (CNVs) have been associated with the risk to develop multiple autoimmune diseases. Our objective was to identify CNVs associated with the risk to develop psoriatic arthritis (PsA) using a genome-wide analysis approach. METHODS: A total of 835 patients with PsA and 1498 healthy controls were genotyped for CNVs using the Illumina HumanHap610 BeadChip genotyping platform. Genomic CNVs were characterised using CNstream analysis software and analysed for association using the χ(2) test. The most significant genomic CNV associations with PsA risk were independently tested in a validation sample of 1133 patients with PsA and 1831 healthy controls. In order to test for the specificity of the variants with PsA aetiology, we also analysed the association to a cohort of 822 patients with purely cutaneous psoriasis (PsC). RESULTS: A total of 165 common CNVs were identified in the genome-wide analysis. We found a highly significant association of an intergenic deletion between ADAMTS9 and MAGI1 genes on chromosome 3p14.1 (p=0.00014). Using the independent patient and control cohort, we validated the association between ADAMTS9-MAGI1 deletion and PsA risk (p=0.032). Using next-generation sequencing, we characterised the 26 kb associated deletion. Finally, analysing the PsC cohort we found a lower frequency of the deletion compared with the PsA cohort (p=0.0088) and a similar frequency to that of healthy controls (p>0.3). CONCLUSIONS: The present genome-wide scan for CNVs associated with PsA risk has identified a new deletion associated with disease risk and which is also differential from PsC risk.


Assuntos
Proteínas ADAM/genética , Artrite Psoriásica/genética , Moléculas de Adesão Celular Neuronais/genética , Deleção de Genes , Proteína ADAMTS9 , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psoríase/genética , Fatores de Risco
13.
Pharmacogenomics ; 15(14): 1763-1769, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25493569

RESUMO

Aim: Variation at PDE3A-SLCO1C1 locus has been recently associated with the response to anti-TNF therapy in rheumatoid arthritis. We undertook the present study to determine whether PDE3A-SLCO1C1 is also associated with the response to anti-TNF therapy in psoriatic arthritis. Patients & methods: Genomic DNA was obtained from 81 psoriatic arthritis patients that had been treated with anti-TNF therapy. PDE3A-SLCO1C1 SNP rs3794271 was genotyped using Taqman realt-time PCR. The clinical response to anti-TNF therapy was measured as the change from baseline in the level of disease activity according to the DAS28 score. Results: A significant association between rs3794271 and anti-TNF response in psoriatic arthritis was found (beta = -0.71; p = 0.0036). Conclusion: PDE3A-SLCO1C1 locus is also associated with response to anti-TNF therapy in psoriatic arthritis. Original submitted 12 May 2014; Revision submitted 18 August 2014.

14.
J Rheumatol ; 41(10): 2008-17, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25179846

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop/validate an instrument to measure health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA), for use in clinical studies. METHODS: An item pool of 35 items was generated following standardized procedures. Item reduction was performed using clinimetric and psychometric approaches after administration to 66 patients with PsA. The resulting instrument, the VITACORA-19, consists of 19 items. Its validity content, internal consistency, test-retest reliability, known groups/convergent validity, and sensitivity to change were tested in a longitudinal and multicenter study conducted in 10 hospitals in Spain, with 323 patients who also completed the EuroQol 5-dimensional questionnaire (EQ-5D) and a health status transition item. There were 3 study groups: group A (n = 209, patients with PsA), group B (n = 71, patients with arthritis without psoriatic aspect, patients with arthrosis, and patients with dermatitis), and group C (n = 43, healthy controls). RESULTS: The questionnaire was considered easy/very easy to answer by 94.7% of the patients with PsA. The factorial analysis clearly identified only 1 factor. Cronbach's alpha coefficient and interclass correlation coefficients exceeded 0.90. Statistically significant differences (p < 0.001) were observed between groups: subjects from group C had better HRQoL, followed by group B, and finally group A had the worst HRQoL. The VITACORA-19 scores showed significant correlations (p < 0.001) to PsA disease activity, EQ-5D, and perceived health state, scoring the patients with better health state higher. The minimum important difference was established as an 8-point change in the global score. CONCLUSION: The Spanish-developed VITACORA-19, designed to measure HRQoL in patients with PsA, has good validity, reliability, and sensitivity to change.


Assuntos
Artrite Psoriásica/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
15.
Rheumatol Int ; 34(2): 165-70, 2014 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24390635

RESUMO

To define and give priory to standards of care in patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA). A systematic literature review on SpA standards of care and a specific search in relevant and related sources was performed. An expert panel was established who developed the standards of care and graded their priority (high, mild, low, or no priority) following qualitative methodology and Delphi process. An electronic survey was sent to a representative sample of 167 rheumatologists all around the country, who also gave priority to the standards of care (same scale). A descriptive analysis is presented. The systematic literature review retrieved no article specifically related to SpA patients. A total of 38 standards of care were obtained-12 related to structure, 20 to process, and 6 to result. Access to care, treatment, and safety standards of care were given a high priority by most of rheumatologists. Standards not directly connected to daily practice were not given such priority, as standards which included a time framework. The standards generated for the performance evaluation (including patient and professionals satisfaction) were not considered especially important in general. This set of standards of care should help improve the quality of care in SpA patients.


Assuntos
Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/normas , Reumatologia/normas , Espondilartrite/terapia , Padrão de Cuidado/normas , Consenso , Técnica Delfos , Humanos , Melhoria de Qualidade/normas , Espondilartrite/diagnóstico
16.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 9(6): 348-352, nov.-dic. 2013.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-116219

RESUMO

Objetivos. Mejorar la derivación de pacientes con dolor lumbar a reumatología podría acelerar el diagnóstico de la espondiloartritis axial. El estudio RADAR comparó 2 estrategias de derivación de pacientes con dolor lumbar crónico (> 3 meses) de inicio antes de los 45 años desde atención primaria a reumatología con respecto al diagnóstico de espondiloartritis axial. Pacientes y métodos. Se asignó una estrategia a cada centro de salud para derivar a sus pacientes: (a) estrategia 1, si cumplían uno de los siguientes 3 criterios: dolor lumbar inflamatorio, HLA-B27 positivo o sacroilitis en prueba de imagen; (b) estrategia 2, si cumplían 2 de 6: dolor lumbar inflamatorio, HLA-B27 positivo, sacroilitis en prueba de imagen, historia familiar de espondiloartritis axial, manifestaciones extraarticulares y buena respuesta a antiinflamatorios no esteroideos. El reumatólogo estableció el diagnóstico final. Resultados. Ochenta y ocho pacientes (edad 36,8 años [DE 8,7]; 55,7% mujeres y 44,3% hombres) en España fueron derivados, 60 usando la estrategia 1 y 28 la estrategia 2. El diagnóstico de espondiloartritis axial definitiva se realizó en el 25,4% de los pacientes en la estrategia 1 y en el 28,6% en la estrategia 2 (p = NS). El dolor lumbar inflamatorio fue el criterio de derivación más utilizado y la concordancia entre médico de atención primaria y reumatólogo fue del 75%. Conclusiones. Una estrategia de derivación sencilla, basada en uno de 3 criterios, fue igual de eficaz que una estrategia basada en 2 de 6 criterios para el diagnóstico de espondiloartritis axial. El dolor lumbar inflamatorio fue el criterio más utilizado para la derivación (AU)


Objectives: Improving referral of patients with back pain to rheumatologists could accelerate the diagnosis of axial spondyloarthritis. The RADAR study compared two strategies in the referral of patients with chronic back pain (> 3 months) with an onset before the age of 45 years from primary care centers to rheumatology departments, in relation to the diagnosis of axial spondyloarthritis. Patients and methods: Each primary care center was assigned a referral strategy for its patients: (a) strategy 1, patients who had one of the 3 following criteria: inflammatory back pain, HLA-B27 positivity or sacroiliitis in imaging; or (b) strategy 2, patients who had 2 of the following 6: inflammatory back pain, HLA-B27 positivity, sacroiliitis in imaging, family history of axial spondyloarthritis, extra-articular manifestations or good response to nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs. The rheumatologist established the final diagnosis. Results: Eighty-eight Spanish patients (mean age 36.8 years [SD 8.7], 55.7% females and 44.3% males) were referred for evaluation, 60 patients under strategy 1 and 28 under strategy 2. A definitive diagnosis of axial spondyloarthritis was established in 25.4% with strategy 1 and in 28.6% with strategy 2 (p = NS). Inflammatory back pain was the criterion most commonly used for referral, and the agreement rate between the primary care physician and rheumatologist was 75%. Conclusions: A simple referral strategy based on one of three3 criteria proved as effective as a strategy based on two of 6 criteria in diagnosing axial spondyloarthritis. Inflammatory back pain was the criterion most commonly used for patient referral (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Espondilartrite/diagnóstico , Espondilite Anquilosante/complicações , Espondilite Anquilosante/diagnóstico , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Dor Lombar/complicações , Dor Lombar/etiologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/fisiopatologia , Espondilite Anquilosante/terapia , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
17.
Reumatol Clin ; 9(6): 348-52, 2013 Nov-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23735223

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Improving referral of patients with back pain to rheumatologists could accelerate the diagnosis of axial spondyloarthritis. The RADAR study compared two strategies in the referral of patients with chronic back pain (>3 months) with an onset before the age of 45 years from primary care centers to rheumatology departments, in relation to the diagnosis of axial spondyloarthritis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Each primary care center was assigned a referral strategy for its patients: (a) strategy 1, patients who had one of the 3 following criteria: inflammatory back pain, HLA-B27 positivity or sacroiliitis in imaging; or (b) strategy 2, patients who had 2 of the following 6: inflammatory back pain, HLA-B27 positivity, sacroiliitis in imaging, family history of axial spondyloarthritis, extra-articular manifestations or good response to nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs. The rheumatologist established the final diagnosis. RESULTS: Eighty-eight Spanish patients (mean age 36.8 years [SD 8.7], 55.7% females and 44.3% males) were referred for evaluation, 60 patients under strategy 1 and 28 under strategy 2. A definitive diagnosis of axial spondyloarthritis was established in 25.4% with strategy 1 and in 28.6% with strategy 2 (p=NS). Inflammatory back pain was the criterion most commonly used for referral, and the agreement rate between the primary care physician and rheumatologist was 75%. CONCLUSIONS: A simple referral strategy based on one of three3 criteria proved as effective as a strategy based on two of 6 criteria in diagnosing axial spondyloarthritis. Inflammatory back pain was the criterion most commonly used for patient referral.


Assuntos
Encaminhamento e Consulta , Espondilartrite/diagnóstico , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Espanha , Espondilartrite/complicações
18.
Reumatol Clin ; 9(4): 221-5, 2013 Jul-Aug.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23474378

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the differential characteristics by gender and time since disease onset in patients diagnosed with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) attending the Spanish rheumatology clinics, including those on the "Spanish Registry of spondyloarthritis" (REGISPONSER), as well as the diagnostic and therapeutic implications that this entails. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a transversal and observational study of 1514 patients with AS selected from 2367 spondyloarthritis cases included in REGISPONSER. For each patient, the demographics, epidemiology, geriatric, clinical, laboratory, radiological, and therapeutic aspects were were evaluated and comprehensively recorded under the aegis of REGISPONSER, constituting the Minimum Basic identifying data for the disease. Physical function was assessed by Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI). Clinical activity was evaluated using erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C reactive protein and Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI). Each patient underwent pelvic anteroposterior, anteroposterior and lateral lumbar spine as well as lateral cervical spine x rays; they were scored according to the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Spine Radiographic Index, which measures structural damage. RESULTS: Of the 1514 patients screened, 1131 (74.7%) were men. We found significant differences in age at onset of symptoms as well as in the day of inclusion, between the two groups, being lower in men. We also obtained differences in the duration of the disease, which was lower in women. As for the existence of a history of AS among first-degree relatives, family forms were more common among women. The mean BASDAI score was also higher in women, regardless of time since onset of disease. In contrast, the improvement of pain with the use of NSAID's and radiological severity were higher in men, both reaching statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: Among the Spanish AS patients, there are some differences in the clinical manifestations, even when the time since onset of disease was controlled; we also found radiological differences by gender; men showing more structural damage, while women were more active. These data suggest that the phenotype of AS differs between genders. This can influence the subsequent diagnostic approach and therapeutic decisions.


Assuntos
Espondilite Anquilosante/diagnóstico , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo
19.
Hum Mol Genet ; 21(20): 4549-57, 2012 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22814393

RESUMO

Recent genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified >20 new loci associated with the susceptibility to psoriasis vulgaris (PsV) risk. We investigated the association of PsV and its main clinical subphenotypes with 32 loci having previous genome-wide evidence of association with PsV (P < 5e-8) or strong GWAS evidence (P < 5e-5 in discovery and P < 0.05 in replication sample) in a large cohort of PsV patients (n = 2005) and controls (n = 1497). We provide the first independent replication for COG6 (P = 0.00079) and SERPINB8 (P = 0.048) loci with PsV. In those patients having developed psoriatic arthritis (n = 955), we found, for the first time, a strong association with IFIH1 (P = 0.013). Analyses of clinically relevant PsV subtypes yielded a significant association of severity of cutaneous disease with variation at LCE3D locus (P = 0.0005) in PsV and nail involvement with IL1RN in purely cutaneous psoriasis (PsC, P = 0.007). In an exploratory analysis of epistasis, we replicated the previously described HLA-C-ERAP1 interaction with PsC. Our findings show that common genetic variants associated with a complex phenotype like PsV influence different subphenotypes of high clinical relevance.


Assuntos
Variação Genética , Fenótipo , Psoríase/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transporte Vesicular/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transporte Vesicular/metabolismo , Alelos , Aminopeptidases/genética , Aminopeptidases/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Antígenos HLA-C/genética , Antígenos HLA-C/imunologia , Humanos , Proteína Antagonista do Receptor de Interleucina 1/genética , Masculino , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor , Pele/imunologia , Pele/metabolismo
20.
Arthritis Rheum ; 63(11): 3305-12, 2011 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21769851

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential association of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) markers other than HLA-B27 with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: A total of 603 patients with AS and 542 healthy control subjects, all of whom were HLA-B27 positive, were selected for this study based on clinical criteria. First, high-density genotyping across the MHC region (2,360 single-nucleotide polymorphisms [SNPs]) was performed in a cohort of 191 patients and 241 control subjects. After a fine-mapping study, 5 SNPs from the HLA-DPA1/DPB1 region were validated in a second cohort of 412 patients with AS and 301 healthy control subjects. RESULTS: Seventeen SNPs located within or near the HLA-DPA1 and HLA-DPB1 loci showed association with AS (P = 1.38 × 10⁻5 to 0.05). In addition, multimarker tests, both linkage disequilibrium and sliding windows, showed association of some groups of adjacent SNPs within the HLA-DPA1/DPB1 region with AS (P = 1.0 × 10⁻4 to 3.96 × 10⁻7). We validated the association by genotyping 5 SNPs from the DPA1/DPB1 region in an additional cohort and obtained P values from 6.42 × 10⁻5 to 0.01 in the analysis of the combined cohorts. Subtyping analysis of HLA-DPA1 and HLA-DPB1 showed that HLA-DPA1*01:03, A1*02:01, and B1*13:01 were the subtypes most susceptible to AS. CONCLUSION: HLA markers and linkage disequilibrium blocks near HLA-DPA1 and HLA-DPB1 are statistically associated with AS. We identified a region located around the HLA-DPA1 and HLA-DPB1 loci associated with AS, another region within the MHC that is different from HLA-B27.


Assuntos
Cadeias alfa de HLA-DP/genética , Cadeias beta de HLA-DP/genética , Complexo Principal de Histocompatibilidade/genética , Espondilite Anquilosante/genética , Adulto , Alelos , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Haplótipos , Humanos , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
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