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1.
Blood ; 135(4): 274-286, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31738823

RESUMO

Pediatric large B-cell lymphomas (LBCLs) share morphological and phenotypic features with adult types but have better prognosis. The higher frequency of some subtypes such as LBCL with IRF4 rearrangement (LBCL-IRF4) in children suggests that some age-related biological differences may exist. To characterize the genetic and molecular heterogeneity of these tumors, we studied 31 diffuse LBCLs (DLBCLs), not otherwise specified (NOS); 20 LBCL-IRF4 cases; and 12 cases of high-grade B-cell lymphoma (HGBCL), NOS in patients ≤25 years using an integrated approach, including targeted gene sequencing, copy-number arrays, and gene expression profiling. Each subgroup displayed different molecular profiles. LBCL-IRF4 had frequent mutations in IRF4 and NF-κB pathway genes (CARD11, CD79B, and MYD88), losses of 17p13 and gains of chromosome 7, 11q12.3-q25, whereas DLBCL, NOS was predominantly of germinal center B-cell (GCB) subtype and carried gene mutations similar to the adult counterpart (eg, SOCS1 and KMT2D), gains of 2p16/REL, and losses of 19p13/CD70. A subset of HGBCL, NOS displayed recurrent alterations of Burkitt lymphoma-related genes such as MYC, ID3, and DDX3X and homozygous deletions of 9p21/CDKN2A, whereas other cases were genetically closer to GCB DLBCL. Factors related to unfavorable outcome were age >18 years; activated B-cell (ABC) DLBCL profile, HGBCL, NOS, high genetic complexity, 1q21-q44 gains, 2p16/REL gains/amplifications, 19p13/CD70 homozygous deletions, and TP53 and MYC mutations. In conclusion, these findings further unravel the molecular heterogeneity of pediatric and young adult LBCL, improve the classification of this group of tumors, and provide new parameters for risk stratification.

3.
Pediatr Transplant ; 22(7): e13278, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30091163

RESUMO

Mucopolysaccharidosis type VII (MPS VII) is an inherited disease characterized by the cellular accumulation of undegraded GAGs due to the deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme ß-glucuronidase. We describe a case of a 2-year-old female affected by a moderate form of MPS VII and submitted twice to HSCT with the aim of stabilizing skeletal problems and preventing neurocognitive alterations. The child underwent a second transplantation due to the rejection of the graft after a reduced-intensity conditioning in the first transplant. A myeloablative regimen allowed to achieve a stable full donor engraftment and normal enzyme levels during the 6 years of follow-up. Clinically, we observed stabilization of skeletal deformities and normal neurocognitive development. This is one of the few reports of mucopolysaccharidosis type VII treated with allogeneic HSCT.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Mucopolissacaridose VII/terapia , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos
4.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 24(11): 2316-2323, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30031939

RESUMO

The CD45RA T cell depletion (TCD) method has been used to deplete naive T cells, preventing graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) but preserving memory cells, providing immediate functional T cells with anti-infection, antileukemia, and antirejection effects. We describe a series of 25 consecutive high-risk patients with leukemia who received haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT) with CD45RA TCD. Each patient received 2 cell products: 1 created by CD34 positive selection and the other through CD45RA depletion from the CD34 negative fraction by a CliniMACS device. CD45RA-depleted haplo-HSCT was well tolerated, with rapid engraftment and low risk of severe acute GVHD and chronic GVHD. Although this treatment achieved a good control of viral reactivations, such as cytomegalovirus and adenovirus, we observed an unexpectedly high rate of limbic encephalitis due to human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6; 8 cases). Characteristically, the infection appeared early in almost all patients, just after the engraftment. Although no patient died from encephalitis, 1 patient showed neuropsychological sequelae, and another experienced secondary graft failure just after the HHV-6 reactivation.


Assuntos
Encefalite Viral/etiologia , Herpesvirus Humano 6/patogenicidade , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Encefalite Viral/patologia , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino
5.
An. pediatr. (2003. Ed. impr.) ; 88(4): 196-203, abr. 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-172989

RESUMO

Introducción: El trasplante de progenitores hematopoyéticos (TPH) consiste en implantar elementos celulares capaces de generar un sistema hematopoyético nuevo y sano. El régimen de intensidad reducida (RIR) consiste en un tratamiento predominantemente inmunosupresor, para facilitar un implante progresivo con menor morbilidad. Este tipo de acondicionamiento puede también provocar mielosupresión, aunque potencialmente reversible en el tiempo. El acondicionamiento RIR permite aplicar TPH a pacientes con enfermedad genética en los que no es deseable añadir comorbilidad por las altas dosis de quimioterapia que conlleva el régimen mieloablativo convencional. Pacientes y métodos: Se analiza la evolución de 68 pacientes pediátricos con enfermedades genéticas que entre los años 2005-2013 se han sometido a un TPH con RIR en las Unidades pediátricas de Trasplante Hematopoyético de los hospitales españoles integrantes del Grupo Español para Trasplante de Médula Ósea en niños. Se trata de un estudio multicéntrico que incluye a 68 pacientes, de los cuales 43 presentan inmunodeficiencia primaria, 21 presentan hemopatía congénita y 4 están afectados de metabolopatía. Resultados: Cincuenta de los 68 pacientes se encuentran vivos (73,5%). La supervivencia global (SG) a 9 años es de 0,74. Veintitrés (33,8%) han presentado en el transcurso del TPH algún evento. Supervivencia libre de evento de 0,66. La SG en los pacientes con hemopatía es de 0,81; en las inmunodeficiencias primarias es de 0,70 y en las metabolopatías es de 0,4. No se observa diferencia significativa entre los 3 grupos de enfermedades. Respecto a la fuente de progenitores hematopoyéticos, la SG en los pacientes trasplantados con sangre periférica es de 0,74; con médula ósea es de 0,70 y con la sangre de cordón umbilical es de 0,70. No se observa tampoco diferencia estadística significativa. Conclusiones: En nuestro trabajo, de ámbito nacional, hemos evidenciado unos resultados favorables en TPH con régimen de intensidad reducida en las enfermedades genéticas. Cabe destacar que las metabolopatías requieren una consideración individualizada para sopesar en cada paciente los riesgos y beneficios que comporta el RIR


Introduction: Haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) involves implanting cellular elements capable of generating a new and healthy haematopoietic system. Reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) consists of an immunosuppressive treatment to facilitate a progressive implant with lower morbidity. This type of conditioning can also lead to myelosuppression, which is potentially reversible over time. Reduced intensity conditioning enables HSCT to be performed on patients with genetic diseases for whom added comorbidity is undesirable due to the high doses of chemotherapy that accompanies conventional myeloablative regimens. Patients and methods: An analysis was performed on the outcomes of 68 paediatric patients with genetic diseases who underwent HSCT with RIC between 2005 and 2013 in the of Paediatric Haematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Units that are part of the Spanish Working Group for Bone Marrow Transplantation in Children. A multicentre study was conducted including 68 patients, of whom 43 had Primary Immunodeficiency, 21 with congenital haematological diseases, and 4 with metabolic diseases. Results: Fifty (73.5%) of the 68 patients were still alive. The Overall Survival (OS) at nine years was 0.74. Twenty-three (33.8%) had some event during the course of the HSCT, with an event-free survival rate of 0.66. The OS in patients with haematological diseases was 0.81, being 0.7 in primary immunodeficiencies, and 0.4 in metabolic diseases. No significant difference was observed between the 3 groups of diseases. As regards the source of haematopoietic progenitors, there was an OS rate of 0.74 in patients transplanted with peripheral blood, 0.70 with bone marrow, and 0.70 and with cord blood, with no statistically significant differences. Conclusions: Favourable results have been obtained in HSCT with reduced intensity conditioning in genetic diseases. It should be noted that the risks and benefits of the RIC in patients with metabolic diseases need to be assessed on an individual basis


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Transplante de Medula Óssea/métodos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Doenças Genéticas Inatas/complicações , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Comorbidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos Prospectivos
6.
An Pediatr (Barc) ; 88(4): 196-203, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28694008

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) involves implanting cellular elements capable of generating a new and healthy haematopoietic system. Reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) consists of an immunosuppressive treatment to facilitate a progressive implant with lower morbidity. This type of conditioning can also lead to myelosuppression, which is potentially reversible over time. Reduced intensity conditioning enables HSCT to be performed on patients with genetic diseases for whom added comorbidity is undesirable due to the high doses of chemotherapy that accompanies conventional myeloablative regimens. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An analysis was performed on the outcomes of 68 paediatric patients with genetic diseases who underwent HSCT with RIC between 2005 and 2013 in the of Paediatric Haematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Units that are part of the Spanish Working Group for Bone Marrow Transplantation in Children. A multicentre study was conducted including 68 patients, of whom 43 had Primary Immunodeficiency, 21 with congenital haematological diseases, and 4 with metabolic diseases. RESULTS: Fifty (73.5%) of the 68 patients were still alive. The Overall Survival (OS) at nine years was 0.74. Twenty-three (33.8%) had some event during the course of the HSCT, with an event-free survival rate of 0.66. The OS in patients with haematological diseases was 0.81, being 0.7 in primary immunodeficiencies, and 0.4 in metabolic diseases. No significant difference was observed between the 3 groups of diseases. As regards the source of haematopoietic progenitors, there was an OS rate of 0.74 in patients transplanted with peripheral blood, 0.70 with bone marrow, and 0.70 and with cord blood, with no statistically significant differences. CONCLUSIONS: Favourable results have been obtained in HSCT with reduced intensity conditioning in genetic diseases. It should be noted that the risks and benefits of the RIC in patients with metabolic diseases need to be assessed on an individual basis.


Assuntos
Doenças Genéticas Inatas/cirurgia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha
7.
Blood ; 117(14): 3759-69, 2011 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21273304

RESUMO

Fanconi anemia is characterized by congenital abnormalities, bone marrow failure, and cancer predisposition. To investigate the origin, functional role, and clinical impact of FANCA mutations, we determined a FANCA mutational spectrum with 130 pathogenic alleles. Some of these mutations were further characterized for their distribution in populations, mode of emergence, or functional consequences at cellular and clinical level. The world most frequent FANCA mutation is not the result of a mutational "hot-spot" but results from worldwide dissemination of an ancestral Indo-European mutation. We provide molecular evidence that total absence of FANCA in humans does not reduce embryonic viability, as the observed frequency of mutation carriers in the Gypsy population equals the expected by Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. We also prove that long distance Alu-Alu recombination can cause Fanconi anemia by originating large interstitial deletions involving FANCA and 2 adjacent genes. Finally, we show that all missense mutations studied lead to an altered FANCA protein that is unable to relocate to the nucleus and activate the FA/BRCA pathway. This may explain the observed lack of correlation between type of FANCA mutation and cellular phenotype or clinical severity in terms of age of onset of hematologic disease or number of malformations.


Assuntos
Proteína do Grupo de Complementação A da Anemia de Fanconi/genética , Proteína do Grupo de Complementação A da Anemia de Fanconi/fisiologia , Anemia de Fanconi/genética , Anemia de Fanconi/patologia , Mutação , Adolescente , Idade de Início , Sequência de Bases , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Células Cultivadas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Aberrações Cromossômicas , Hibridização Genômica Comparativa , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Anemia de Fanconi/diagnóstico , Anemia de Fanconi/epidemiologia , Proteína do Grupo de Complementação A da Anemia de Fanconi/metabolismo , Frequência do Gene , Humanos , Lactente , Modelos Biológicos , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Mutação/fisiologia , Fenótipo , Espanha/epidemiologia
8.
Ther Drug Monit ; 31(1): 76-85, 2009 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19077931

RESUMO

The goal of this study was to establish the population pharmacokinetics (PK) of high-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX) treatment in children with osteosarcoma and to explore the influence of patient covariates and between-occasion variability on drug disposition. Patient covariates and concentration-time data were collected. PK data analysis from 209 HD-MTX cycles from 14 patients was performed using the population approach (NONMEM V). Internal and external validations were performed to confirm the model. PK of methotrexate was best described by a 2-compartment open PK model with first-order elimination from the central compartment. Between-subject variability (BSV) was included in total plasma clearance (CL) and in central compartment distribution volume (V1) [coefficient of variation (CV) 11.9% and 8.9%, respectively]. The CV of BSV in the residual error was 25.5%. Between-occasion variability was only retained for CL (CV 8.2%). RE consisted of a proportional error of 41.6%. Age and body weight in CL and body weight in V1 were identified as the appropriate covariates. The final estimates of total CL and V1 were given by the equations CL = 88.5.(AGE/15) + 27.4 x (WGT/50) L/d and V1 = 11.0 + 5.6 x (WGT/50) L, respectively. Internal validation results showed that the 95% confidence interval covered all the observed MTX concentrations. Mean bias and precision of the individual predicted concentrations, calculated in a validation dataset, resulted in -1.36% and 19.71%, respectively. A population PK model was developed for HD-MTX in children with osteosarcoma. Validation studies confirmed the suitability of the model for further dose individualization by means of a Bayesian approach.


Assuntos
Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Neoplasias Ósseas/metabolismo , Metotrexato/farmacocinética , Osteossarcoma/metabolismo , Adolescente , Antídotos/uso terapêutico , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Criança , Feminino , Imunoensaio de Fluorescência por Polarização , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Leucovorina/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Modelos Estatísticos , Osteossarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
9.
Blood ; 100(1): 356-8, 2002 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12070051

RESUMO

Hydrops fetalis is rarely caused by congenital dyserythropoietic anemia (CDA). We report a patient with hydrops fetalis as a result of severe anemia. This patient needed intrauterine transfusions from 21 weeks of gestation until birth. The hematologic study showed an atypical CDA (hydrops fetalis-associated CDA) characterized by features resembling CDA type II, but negative acidified serum lysis test (HEMPAS negative). The patient was regularly transfused for a year, after which an allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) from an HLA-identical sibling was successfully carried out. His actual hemoglobin is 127 g/L, and he has not received transfusions for more than a year. In conclusion, intrauterine transfusions and BMT could cure an otherwise lethal atypical CDA.


Assuntos
Anemia Diseritropoética Congênita/complicações , Transfusão de Sangue Intrauterina , Transplante de Medula Óssea , Hidropisia Fetal/etiologia , Adulto , Anemia Diseritropoética Congênita/terapia , Saúde da Família , Feminino , Doenças Fetais/terapia , Humanos , Hidropisia Fetal/diagnóstico , Hidropisia Fetal/terapia , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento
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