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1.
J Neurooncol ; 145(1): 177-184, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31522324

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is a rare clinically, neuro-radiologically, and molecularly defined malignancy of the brainstem with a median overall survival of approximately 11 months. Our aim is to evaluate the current tendency for its treatment in Europe in order to develop (inter)national consensus guidelines. METHODS: Healthcare professionals specialized in DIPG were asked to fill in an online survey with questions regarding usual treatment strategies at diagnosis and at disease progression in their countries and/or their centers, respectively. RESULTS: Seventy-four healthcare professionals responded to the survey, of which 87.8% were pediatric oncologists. Only 13.5% of the respondents biopsy all of their patients, 41.9% biopsy their patients infrequently. More than half of the respondents (54.1%) treated their patients with radiotherapy only at diagnosis, whereas 44.6% preferred radiotherapy combined with chemotherapy. When the disease progresses, treatment strategies became even more diverse, and the tendency for no treatment increased from 1.4% at diagnosis to 77.0% after second progression. 36.5% of the healthcare professionals treat children younger than 3 years differently than older children at diagnosis. This percentage decreased, when the disease progresses. Most of the participants (51.4%) included less than 25% of their patients in clinical trials. CONCLUSION: This survey demonstrates a large heterogeneity of treatment regimens, especially at disease progression. We emphasize the need for international consensus guidelines for the treatment of DIPG, possible by more collaborative clinical trials.

2.
J Nutr ; 148(5): 738-745, 2018 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29947806

RESUMO

Background: An adequate maternal cobalamin status is crucial for fetal and infant neurodevelopment. Pregnancy-induced physiologic changes make evaluation of maternal cobalamin status in pregnancy difficult. Objective: We have investigated maternal cobalamin status during pregnancy in order to establish a maternal cobalamin concentration which secures an optimal infant cobalamin status during the first 6 mo of life. Methods: In an observational, prospective study, markers of cobalamin status including serum cobalamin, plasma total homocysteine (tHcy), and plasma methylmalonic acid (MMA) were assessed in healthy pregnant women (n = 114) from week 18 of pregnancy through 6 mo postpartum and related to infant cobalamin status at 6 mo. Healthy, never-pregnant women aged 18-40 y (n = 123) were included as controls. Results: Compared to controls, all markers of cobalamin status were lower in pregnant women. Median serum cobalamin concentration progressively decreased from week 18 to week 36 of pregnancy (356 to 302 pmol/L, P < 0.001) and increased by >40% by 6 wk postpartum (518 pmol/L). The metabolic markers increased from week 18 of pregnancy to 6 wk postpartum: median plasma tHcy 3.9 to 7.7 µmol/L (P < 0.001), and MMA 0.13 to 0.17 µmol/L (P < 0.001). The serum cobalamin concentration of infants at age 6 mo correlated with maternal serum cobalamin concentration during pregnancy and postpartum (rho = 0.36-0.55, P < 0.001). A maternal serum cobalamin concentration <394 pmol/L during week 18 of pregnancy was associated with an increased risk (OR: 4.2; 95% CI: 1.5, 11.5) of infant biochemical cobalamin deficiency at 6 mo (defined as tHcy ≥6.5 µmol/L). Conclusions: The maternal serum cobalamin concentration in early pregnancy is a strong predictor for later maternal and infant cobalamin status. To secure an optimal infant cobalamin status during the first 6 mo of life, we recommend a maternal serum cobalamin concentration >394 pmol/L at week 18 of pregnancy. This should be confirmed in an intervention study. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT03272022.


Assuntos
Vitamina B 12/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição do Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Materna , Leite Humano/química , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos , Vitamina B 12/química , Adulto Jovem
3.
J Neurooncol ; 132(2): 255-266, 2017 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28110411

RESUMO

Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is a rare and deadly childhood malignancy. After 40 years of mostly single-center, often non-randomized trials with variable patient inclusions, there has been no improvement in survival. It is therefore time for international collaboration in DIPG research, to provide new hope for children, parents and medical professionals fighting DIPG. In a first step towards collaboration, in 2011, a network of biologists and clinicians working in the field of DIPG was established within the European Society for Paediatric Oncology (SIOPE) Brain Tumour Group: the SIOPE DIPG Network. By bringing together biomedical professionals and parents as patient representatives, several collaborative DIPG-related projects have been realized. With help from experts in the fields of information technology, and legal advisors, an international, web-based comprehensive database was developed, The SIOPE DIPG Registry and Imaging Repository, to centrally collect data of DIPG patients. As for April 2016, clinical data as well as MR-scans of 694 patients have been entered into the SIOPE DIPG Registry/Imaging Repository. The median progression free survival is 6.0 months (95% Confidence Interval (CI) 5.6-6.4 months) and the median overall survival is 11.0 months (95% CI 10.5-11.5 months). At two and five years post-diagnosis, 10 and 2% of patients are alive, respectively. The establishment of the SIOPE DIPG Network and SIOPE DIPG Registry means a paradigm shift towards collaborative research into DIPG. This is seen as an essential first step towards understanding the disease, improving care and (ultimately) cure for children with DIPG.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Tronco Encefálico/diagnóstico por imagem , Glioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Serviços de Informação , Cooperação Internacional , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Sistema de Registros , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Masculino , Ponte/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
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