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1.
Spinal Cord ; 56(1): 63-70, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28853447

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of conflicts between work and family life with indicators of health and to examine the antecedents of those conflicts in employees with spinal cord injury (SCI) and their caregiving partners. SETTING: Community, Switzerland. METHODS: Data from employed persons with SCI (n=79) and caregiving partners (n=93) who participated in the pro-WELL study were used. Logistic and tobit regressions were performed to assess the association of work-family and family-work conflicts with health indicators, namely mental health (36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36)), vitality (SF-36), well-being (WHOQoL BREF) and positive and negative affect (Positive and Negative Affect Scale short form (PANAS-S)). Own and partners' engagement in productive activities and socioeconomic circumstances were evaluated as potential antecedents of work-family and family-work conflicts using logistic regression. RESULTS: Work-family conflicts were related to reduced mental health (caregiving partners only), vitality and well-being. Family-work conflicts were linked to reduced mental health, vitality, well-being and positive affect in SCI and to reduced vitality in caregiving partners. Persons with lower income (SCI only) and lower subjective social position reported more conflicts than persons with higher income and higher subjective position. Higher workload increased work-family conflicts in caregiving partners and decreased family-work conflicts in SCI. Education, amount of caregiving, care-receiving and partners' employment status were not associated with the occurrence of conflicts. CONCLUSION: The optimal balance between work and family life is important to promote mental health, vitality and well-being in employees with SCI and their caregiving partners. This is especially true in employees perceiving their social position as low and in caregivers with a high workload.


Assuntos
Cuidadores/psicologia , Emprego , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Características de Residência , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/epidemiologia , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/enfermagem , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Suíça/epidemiologia
2.
J R Coll Gen Pract ; 30(211): 85-9, 1980 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-7373588

RESUMO

Aspects of the work of five community psychiatric nurses are examined by means of a questionnaire completed by the nurses for a sample of 50 patients. Information sharing and a close working relationship with the general practitioner, skills relating to assessment and psychological support of patients, organization of care by other agencies, a detailed knowledge of community agencies, and a capacity for interdisciplinary working were all found to be important. Tasks relating to body care were reported in only a small number of cases. The nurses saw themselves as advising on the planning of patient management and the selection of medication in a substantial minority of cases. The original brief had been to care for psychogeriatric patients but a third of the patients fell into a younger age group. These findings are discussed in connection with their implications for the future training of nurses and the relationship between primary care teams and local psychiatric services.


Assuntos
Enfermagem em Saúde Comunitária , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Enfermagem Psiquiátrica , Idoso , Inglaterra , Medicina de Família e Comunidade , Humanos , Relações Interprofissionais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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