Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 157
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Dalton Trans ; 49(28): 9888-9899, 2020 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638779

RESUMO

Chiral l-/d-valine-(1,10-phen)-Cu(ii) complexes that target G-quadruplex DNA were synthesized and thoroughly characterized by UV-vis, IR, EPR, ESI-MS, elemental analysis and single crystal X-ray spectroscopy. Complexes 1a and 1b crystallized in the monoclinic P21/c and C2 space groups, respectively. On the basis of Wolfe-Shimer analyses, the binding affinities of 1a and 1b with G-quadruplex telomeric DNA were determined, and 1a exhibited significantly higher binding as compared to 1b. Site selective cleavage of G4-DNA was demonstrated by employing the time-dependent PAGE assay, with 1a exhibiting a significantly higher cleavage rate from A1 to G22 (4.32 (±0.13) µM h-1) than 1b (4.29 (±0.11) µM h-1). The DNA cleavage profile demonstrated that both complexes perform non-random double-strand cleavage by following first-order kinetics (kobs = 0.9432 min-1 for 1a and kobs = 0.6574 min-1 for 1b). Molecular docking simulations were performed with both parallel and anti-parallel topologies of the quadruplex to provide a clear insight on G-quadruplex-complex interactions. Complexes 1a and 1b were found to interact strongly at the minor groove cavity of the quadruplex with preferential selectivity for the parallel vs. anti-parallel quadruplex. The cytotoxic activities of complexes 1a and 1b were evaluated on a few notably important human cancer cell lines, viz, breast (MCF-7), pancreatic strains (BxPC3, AsPC1) and liver (Huh7) by an MTT assay. Both 1a and 1b exhibited pronounced cytotoxic activity with remarkably low IC50 values (1-3 µM) for all tested cancer strains.

2.
Dalton Trans ; 2020 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32725038

RESUMO

Correction for 'Copper(ii) l/d-valine-(1,10-phen) complexes target human telomeric G-quadruplex motifs and promote site-specific DNA cleavage and cellular cytotoxicity' by Farukh Arjmand et al., Dalton Trans., 2020, 49, 9888-9899, DOI: 10.1039/d0dt01527j.

3.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; : 1-14, 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32174234

RESUMO

Herein, we report the synthesis and single crystal X-ray structure of Cu(II)-picolinic acid complex, 1 as a potent topoisomerase I inhibitor. The complex 1 crystallized in the triclinic crystal system with space group P-1. Comparative in vitro binding studies of complex 1 with CT DNA and tRNA were carried out revealing an electrostatic binding mode with higher binding propensity towards tRNA. The intrinsic bonding constant value, Kb was calculated to be 4.36 × 104 and 8.78 × 104 M-1 with CT DNA and tRNA respectively. DNA cleavage activity was carried out with a pBR322 plasmid DNA substrate to ascertain the cleaving ability. Furthermore, Topo-I inhibition assay of complex 1, performed via gel electrophoresis revealed a significant inhibitory effect on the enzyme catalytic activity at a minimum concentration of 15 µM. The DFT studies were carried out to provide better insight in the electronic transitions observed in the absorption spectrum of the complex 1. Molecular docking studies were carried out with DNA, RNA and Topo-I to determine the specific binding preferences at the target site and complement the spectroscopic studies. The antimicrobial potential of complex 1 was screened against E. coli, S. aureus, P. aeruginosa, B. subtilis and C. albicans; and compared with doxycycline, exhibiting an excellent maximum zone of inhibition of 28 mm against E. coli.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.

5.
J Org Chem ; 84(9): 5383-5393, 2019 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30924340

RESUMO

A novel enantiopure bis-helicenic 2,2'-bipyridine system was prepared using a Negishi coupling. Thanks to the bipyridine unit, the coordination with ZnII and protonation processes were studied, revealing efficient tuning of photophysical (UV/visible and emission) and chiroptical properties (electronic circular dichroism and circularly polarized emission) of the system. The coordination/decoordination and protonation/deprotonation processes appeared reversible, thus constituting novel chiroptical switches.

6.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(59): 8202-8205, 2018 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29975378

RESUMO

Cp*Rh(NHC) complexes with bulky chiral bidentate NHC-carboxylate ligands were efficiently synthesized and fully characterized including solid-state structures. These unprecedented rhodium(iii) complexes demonstrated high selectivity in pyridine-directed ortho-C-H borylation of arenes under mild conditions.

7.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 56(28): 8236-8239, 2017 07 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28544563

RESUMO

A fused π-helical N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) system was prepared and examined through its diastereoisomerically pure cycloiridiated complexes. The latter display light-green phosphorescence with unusually long lifetimes and circular polarization that depends on both the helical NHC P/M stereochemistry and the iridium Δ/Λ stereochemistry. These unprecedented features are attributed to extended π conjugation within the helical carbenic ligand and efficient helicene-NHC-Ir interaction.

8.
Chemistry ; 23(32): 7809-7818, 2017 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28523648

RESUMO

A series of gold(I) and gold(III) complexes containing bulky bis-N,N'-(9-alkylfluorenyl) heterocyclic carbene (R F-NHC) ligands have been prepared in high yields from appropriate imidazolinium, imidazolium and benzimidazolium salts. In all complexes, the carbene ligand provides high steric protection of the Au-X bond trans to the carbenic C atom. Irrespective of the metal oxidation state, the complexes showed high efficiency in a tandem 3,3-rearrangement/Nazarov reaction of an enynyl acetate. One of the AuIII complexes, [AuCl3 (R F-NHC)], was further found to be suitable for the efficient cyclisation of a propargylcarboxamide. Furthermore, unlike related NHC-gold(I) complexes based on conventional bulky N-heterocyclic carbenes (notably, 1,3-bis-(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)imidazol-2-ylidene (IPr), 1,3-bis-(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)imidazol-2-ylidene (IMes) and 1,3-(bis-tert-butyl)imidazol-2-ylidene (ItBu)), the studied [AuI Cl(R F-NHC)] complexes catalysed the conversion of a 1,6-enyne in the presence of indole into a single product; this arises from the embracing character of the ligand, which prevents indole addition on one of the catalytic intermediates. A structure/selectivity relationship was established for all carbenes tested that took into account percent buried volumes and topographic steric maps. The results illustrate the high potential of confining NHCs in organic synthesis.

9.
Chemistry ; 23(2): 407-418, 2017 01 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27754565

RESUMO

Four members of a new class of cycloborylated hexa-, octa-, and deca-helicenes (1 a-d) have been prepared in enantiopure form, along with two cycloplatinated deca-helicenes (1 d', 1 d1 ), further extending the family of cycloplatinated hexa- and octa-helicenes reported previously. The azabora[n]helicenes display intense electronic circular dichroism and large optical rotations; the dependence of the optical activity on the size of the helix (n=6, 8, 10) and the number of boron atoms (1 or 2) has been examined in detail both experimentally and theoretically. The photophysical properties (nonpolarized and circularly polarized luminescence) of these new fluorescent organic helicenes have been measured and compared with the corresponding organometallic phosphorescent cycloplatinated derivatives (1 a1 -d1 ).


Assuntos
Compostos Aza/química , Compostos de Boro/química , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/química , Compostos Aza/síntese química , Compostos de Boro/síntese química , Modelos Moleculares , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/síntese química , Estereoisomerismo
10.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 52(59): 9243-6, 2016 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27354241

RESUMO

The first helicene-NHC-iridium complexes have been prepared in enantiopure forms. Their stereochemical, electronic, and chiroptical features were characterized experimentally and via first-principles calculations, highlighting the helical and iridium-centered chirality.

11.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 55(28): 8062-6, 2016 07 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27193483

RESUMO

The combination of a bis-alkynyl-helicene moiety with two iron centers leads to novel electroactive species displaying unprecedented redox-triggered chiroptical switching. Upon oxidation, strong changes of vibrational modes (either local or extended coupled modes) are detected by vibrational circular dichroism and Raman optical activity. Remarkably, the sign of the optical rotation at 1.54 µm (that is, at wavelengths typically used for telecommunications) changes upon oxidation while the topology and stereochemistry of the helicene remain unchanged.

12.
J Org Chem ; 81(9): 3560-7, 2016 05 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27093463

RESUMO

An alternative preparation of methylcyanobutadiyne (MeC5N), a molecule present in the interstellar medium, was established in order to circumvent tedious steps from previous methods. The possibility of forming methylcyanoacetylene and MeC5N by gas-phase photolysis was evaluated from relevant acetylene derivatives in the context of space science. The reactivity of MeC5N toward simple nucleophiles was investigated. The exclusive formation of E adducts was observed, together with a solvent dependence for the regioselectivity of the addition.

13.
Inorg Chem ; 55(5): 2009-17, 2016 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26645835

RESUMO

The synthesis and structural characterization of azahelicene platinum complexes obtained from cis-PtCl2(NCEt)(PPh3) and from ligands that differ in terms of both the position of the nitrogen atom and the number of fused rings are reported. These square-planar complexes of the general formula PtCl2(nHm)(PPh3) (n = 4, 5; m = 5, 6) display mainly a cis configuration. However, by X-ray crystallographic analysis, we show that for both PtCl2(4H6)(PPh3) and PtCl2(5H6)(PPh3) there is chirality control of the cis/trans stereochemistry. Indeed, starting from a racemic mixture of aza[6]helicene, platinum complexes with a cis configuration are invariably obtained, and the more thermodynamically stable trans isomers are formed when using enantiopure ligands. We further corroborated these results by NMR analysis in solution.

14.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 26(2): 636-639, 2016 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26631320

RESUMO

Two novel compounds with mannose-derived structure, bearing a tetrazole (compound 3) and a sulfone group (compound 4) in terminal position, have been prepared from methyl α-d-mannopyranoside in reduced number of steps. The angiogenic activity of 3 and 4 has been screened using the chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) method. Tetrazole 3 has been identified to possess a promising bioactivity, being identified as angiogenesis inhibitor, with 68% of neovascular vessels when compared to control (PBS).


Assuntos
Inibidores da Angiogênese/química , Inibidores da Angiogênese/farmacologia , Manosefosfatos/química , Manosefosfatos/farmacologia , Tetrazóis/química , Tetrazóis/farmacologia , Animais , Galinhas , Membrana Corioalantoide/irrigação sanguínea , Membrana Corioalantoide/efeitos dos fármacos , Halogenação , Modelos Moleculares , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sulfonas/química , Sulfonas/farmacologia
15.
Beilstein J Org Chem ; 11: 1541-6, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26425213

RESUMO

A silver-free methodology was developed for the synthesis of unprecedented N-heterocyclic carbene ruthenium indenylidene complexes bearing a bidentate picolinate ligand. The highly stable (SIPr)(picolinate)RuCl(indenylidene) complex 4a (SIPr = 1,3-bis(2-6-diisopropylphenyl)imidazolidin-2-ylidene) demonstrated excellent latent behaviour in ring closing metathesis (RCM) reaction and could be activated in the presence of a Brønsted acid. The versatility of the catalyst 4a was subsequently demonstrated in RCM, cross-metathesis (CM) and enyne metathesis reactions.

16.
Chemistry ; 21(31): 10997-1000, 2015 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26130507

RESUMO

An N-heterocyclic carbene substituted by two expanded 9-ethyl-9-fluorenyl groups was shown to bind an AuCl unit in an unusual manner, namely with the AuX rod sitting out of the plane defined by the heterocyclic carbene unit. As shown by X-ray studies and DFT calculations, the observed large pitch angle (21°) arises from an easy displacement of the gold(I) atom away from the carbene lone-pair axis, combined with the stabilisation provided by weak CH⋅⋅⋅Au interactions involving aliphatic and aromatic H atoms of the NHC wingtips. Weak, intermolecular Cl⋅⋅⋅H bonds are likely to cooperate with the H⋅⋅⋅Au interactions to stabilise the out-of-plane conformation. A general belief until now was that tilt angles in NHC complexes arise mainly from steric effects within the first coordination sphere.

17.
Dalton Trans ; 44(31): 13991-8, 2015 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26162019

RESUMO

Copper(i) complexes featuring N-heterocyclic carbenes (NHCs) in which the nitrogen atoms are substituted by a 9-ethyl-9-fluorenyl group (EF) have been synthesised and tested in the hydrosylilation of functionalized and/or sterically demanding ketones and aldehydes. These reactions, carried out with triethylsilane as hydride source, were best achieved with the imidazolylidene copper complex in which the EF substituents can freely rotate about the corresponding N-CEF bonds. The remarkable stability of the active species, which surpasses that of previously reported Cu-NHC catalysts is likely to rely on the ability of the NHC side arms to protect the copper centre during the catalytic cycle by forming sandwich-like intermediates, but also on its steric flexibility facilitating approach of encumbered substrates. TONs up to 1000 were reached.

18.
Dalton Trans ; 44(22): 10330-42, 2015 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25970097

RESUMO

A new chromone-appended Cu(ii) drug entity () was designed and synthesized as a potential anticancer chemotherapeutic agent. The structural elucidation was carried out thoroughly by elemental analysis, FT-IR, EPR, ESI-MS and single crystal X-ray crystallography. Complex resulted from the in situ methoxylation reaction of the 3-formylchromone ligand and its subsequent complexation with the copper nitrate salt in a 2 : 1 ratio, respectively. crystallized in the monoclinic P21/c space group possessing the lattice parameters, a = 8.75 Å, b = 5.07 Å, c = 26.22 Å, α = γ = 90°, ß = 96.3° per unit cell. Furthermore, in vitro interaction studies of with ct-DNA and tRNA were carried out which suggested more avid binding propensity towards the RNA target via intercalative mode, which was reflected from its Kb, K and Ksv values. The gel electrophoretic mobility assay was carried out on the pBR322 plasmid DNA substrate, to ascertain the cleaving ability and the mechanistic pathway in the presence of additives, and the results revealed the efficient cleaving ability of via the oxidative pathway. In vitro cell growth inhibition via the MTT assay was carried out to evaluate the cytotoxicity of complex and IC50 values were found to be in the range of 5-10 µg mL(-1) in HepG2 and MCF-7 cancer cell lines, which were found to be much lower than the IC50 values of previously reported similar Cu(ii) complexes. Additionally, in the presence of , reactive oxygen species (ROS) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) levels in the tested cancer cell lines increased significantly, coupled with reduced glutathione (GSH) levels. Thus, our results suggested that ROS plays an important role in cell apoptosis induced by the Cu(ii) complex and validates its potential to act as a robust anticancer drug entity.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Cromonas/farmacologia , Complexos de Coordenação/farmacologia , Cobre/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/química , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Cromonas/química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Cobre/química , DNA/química , Glutationa/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , RNA/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Substâncias Reativas com Ácido Tiobarbitúrico/metabolismo
19.
Dalton Trans ; 44(19): 9260-8, 2015 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25910037

RESUMO

Two N-heterocyclic carbene precursors having their nitrogen atoms substituted by the expanded 9-ethyl-9-fluorenyl group, namely imidazolinium chloride 6 and imidazolium chloride 7, have been synthesized in high yields from fluorenone (1). The key intermediate of their syntheses is the new primary amine 9-ethyl-9-fluorenylamine (3), which was prepared in 75% yield. Both salts were readily converted into the corresponding PEPPSI-type palladium complexes, 8 and 9 (PEPPSI: pyridine-enhanced precatalyst preparation stabilisation and initiation). Despite rotational freedom of the ethylfluorenyl moieties about the N­C(fluorenyl) bond in their cationic precursors, the carbene ligands of the Pd(II)-complexes 8 and 9 both behave as bimodal pincers in solution and in the solid state, the resulting confinement being essentially due to (weak) attractive anagostic interactions between the CH2(fluorenyl) groups and the metal centre. Unlike in 8 and 9, there was no indication for similar anagostic interactions in the imidazolylidene chlorosilver complex 11, which could be obtained from 7. In the solid state, however, 11 adopts a remarkable "open sandwich" structure, with the two alkylfluorenilidene planes η2-bonded to the silver, this constituting a further bimodal pincer-type bonding mode of this ligand class. Complexes 8 and 9 were assessed in Suzuki­Miyaura cross-coupling reactions. The imidazolylidene complex 9 displayed high activity towards unencumbered aryl chlorides. Its activity is comparable to that of the previously reported, highly efficient benzimidazolylidene analogue 10.

20.
Chemistry ; 21(18): 6678-81, 2015 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25801729

RESUMO

Resorcinarene-derived tetramethylene cavitands bearing a diphenylphosphino group grafted to their wider rim undergo facile, directed C-O bond breaking upon reaction with transition-metal ions in the presence of nucleophiles. One possible reaction mechanism involves formation of a P,O-chelate complex, which weakens the adjacent O-CH2 bond, leading to the formation of an oxacarbenium intermediate.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA