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1.
Cancer Radiother ; 23(6-7): 496-499, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471251

RESUMO

Stereotactic radiotherapy of oligometastases, mono- or hypofractionated, represents a fundamental change in the practice of the specialty as it was developed for a century. Despite the great heterogeneity of sites, techniques, and doses, most studies found a high local control rate, around 70 to 90% at 2 years, and reduced toxicity, around 5% of grade 3 at 2 years. Four main phase II and III trials are underway in France. Future research concerns the association of stereotactic radiotherapy with immunotherapy or different conventional chemotherapy protocols, the identification of the best clinical presentations, and optimization of fractionation and biological dose for poor prognosis localizations.


Assuntos
Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto , Neoplasias/radioterapia , Radiocirurgia/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/radioterapia , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/radioterapia , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Previsões , França , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Renais/radioterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Masculino , Metástase Neoplásica , Neoplasias/patologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia
2.
Cancer Radiother ; 23(6-7): 658-661, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471252

RESUMO

Stereotactic radiotherapy represents a fundamental change in the practice of radiotherapy of lung cancers. Despite the great heterogeneity of sites, techniques, and doses, most studies found a high local control rate, around 70 to 90% at 2 years, and reduced toxicity, around 5% of grade 3 at 2 years. Stereotactic radiotherapy can be realized either by a dedicated accelerator (CyberKnife®) or by a conventional accelerator associated with specific systems. The two modalities deliver a very precise irradiation whose very good results published to date are similar. Some technical characteristics specific to each type of linear accelerator could guide the choice according to the target volume treated.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Aceleradores de Partículas , Radiocirurgia/instrumentação , Humanos , Movimentos dos Órgãos , Órgãos em Risco/efeitos da radiação , Radiocirurgia/métodos , Respiração , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Cancer Radiother ; 23(4): 316-321, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31153770

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate prospectively asthenia and the quality of life in patients treated by stereotactic body irradiation and to determine their predictive factors. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Quality of life was assessed by the EORTC QLQ-C30 and asthenia was evaluated with the Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI), on the first day (T1), last day (T2) and 1-3 weeks after the end of treatment (T3). RESULTS: Sixty-three patients were treated with stereotactic body irradiation from February 2017 to May 2017 and 41 were included in the analysis (22 patients excluded for lack of understanding, organization, psychologic disorders or refusal). The mean number of fractions was 5 (±2). The compliance to quality of life assessment was 98%, 95% was 81% at T1, T2 and T3, respectively. An increase of asthenia and a worsened quality of life were found in 12 (29%) and 14 (34%) patients between T1 and T2. Univariate analysis demonstrated a correlation between asthenia and quality of life were correlated with performans status (P=0.03 and 0.05 respectively), hemoglobin level (p=0.01 and 0.004), albumin level (P=0.01 and 0.06), distance between home and radiotherapy department (P=0.05 and 0.02). Multivariate analysis demonstrated a correlation between female gender (P=0.012), albumin level (P<0.001), distance over 25km (P<0.001) with asthenia, and albumin level (P=0.003), hemoglobin level (P=0.004) and previous chemotherapy (P=0.003) with quality of life. No influence of stereotactic body ratiotherapy parameters was seen. CONCLUSION: Despite hypofractionation, stereotactic body radiotherapy induced asthenia and deterioration of quality of life.


Assuntos
Astenia/etiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Radiocirurgia/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Estudos Prospectivos , Hipofracionamento da Dose de Radiação , Albumina Sérica/análise , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Cancer Radiother ; 13(4): 276-80, 2009 Jul.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19447661

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Prospective monocentric study of the skin and heart tolerance of a concurrent administration of trastuzumab (T) and radiotherapy (RT) for breast cancer (BC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: From February 2004 to January 2007, 57 patients (pts), were treated by a concomitant administration of T and normo-fractionated RT of either whole breast (+/-boost) or chest. The perfusion of T started either with or after chemotherapy (CT). Left ventricular ejection fractions (LEVF), assessed at baseline, before start of RT, after completion of RT and then every four to six months with either echocardiography or multiple gated acquisition scanning, were considered normal if greater or equal to 50% or stated so by the cardiologist. Inclusion criteria included a normal LVEF at baseline. Skin toxicity was evaluated using CTCAEV3. Median age was 49 years (25-80). CT with anthracycline was administered in 84% (total dose 300 mg/m(2)). All but one patient (treated weekly) received T every three weeks (8 mg/kg followed by 6 mg/kg) for a median duration of 12 months (6-33). The internal mammary chain was irradiated in 88% of cases. Median follow-up for LVEF assessment was 13 months (2-33). RESULTS: LVEF at pre-RT were normal in 54 pts (100%, three Missing Data [MD]), at post-RT in 56 pts (98%, no MD) and at last follow-up in 53 pts (95%, one MD). There were two grade 0, 44 grade I and 11 grade II skin reactions. For the 27 patients with a skin toxicity assessment after six months, late skin toxicity was grade 0 in 22 pts, grade 1 in four, grade 2 in one. CONCLUSION: Provided that the technique is adapted, the acute skin and heart toxicities of the concomitant administration of T-RT appeared satisfactory. More patients and longer follow-up are still mandatory.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Radiodermatite/etiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Terapia Combinada/efeitos adversos , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Fracionamento da Dose de Radiação , Feminino , Humanos , Irradiação Linfática/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Radiodermatite/patologia , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Volume Sistólico/efeitos da radiação , Trastuzumab , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos da radiação
5.
Cancer Radiother ; 12(8): 809-16, 2008 Dec.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19046919

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate dosimetry of helicoidal tomotherapy versus three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) with and without IMRT for the treatment of soft tissue sarcoma (STS) of the thigh. METHODS AND PATIENTS: A retrospective study was performed for three patients who received 3D-CRT as adjuvant radiation therapy for STS of the thigh. These three patients had a tumor in posterior, adductor or anterior compartment of the thigh. In each case, three treatments plans were optimised in tomotherapy, without bloc, with directional bloc and complete bloc of controlateral limb, to adequately treat the planning target volume and spare organ at risk. For each patient, we compare the three modalities of tomotherapy or "classical" IMRT from a clinac with the 3D-CRT actually performed for the treatment. RESULTS: Tomotherapy provides improved PTV coverage and dose homogeneity. This benefit was comparable in the three tomotherapy plans. The average D95% for tomotherapy and 3D-CRT were 97.6% and 94.8% respectively and the standard deviation is, at least, divided by two with conformal and is always better than performed with a clinac. The volume of the surrounding soft tissues receiving at least full prescription and hot spots, as evaluated by D2%, were significantly reduced in tomotherapy. Nevertheless, the results concerning the skin, the femur and the gonads were dependent on the tumor site in the thigh and not always improved with tomotherapy dosimetric studies. CONCLUSIONS: For this preliminary study, tomotherapy can provide better coverage and dose uniformity in PTV and minimize the volume of surrounding muscular tissues receiving high doses. However, in this study, there is no benefit for others OAR (skin, femur and gonads) except in particular constraint (for instance for a precise sparing of cutaneous or bony area). Other dosimetric studies, followed by prospective evaluations with long-term follow-up are needed to determine whether tomotherapy can improve outcome for patients with STS of the thigh.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Femorais/radioterapia , Radioterapia Conformacional/métodos , Sarcoma/radioterapia , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/radioterapia , Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aceleradores de Partículas , Dosagem Radioterapêutica , Radioterapia Adjuvante/efeitos adversos , Radioterapia Conformacional/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Pele/efeitos da radiação
6.
Cancer Radiother ; 12(6-7): 554-8, 2008 Nov.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18838328

RESUMO

Several meta-analyses of the effects of radiotherapy in breast cancer were published. Methodological quality varied largely in these studies, from simply gathering data from published studies or even published abstracts, to more rigorous studies gathering individual data from each patient having participated in the trials analysed. A model of the latter is represented by the successive meta-analyses from the Early Breast Cancer Trialists' Cooperative Group (EBCTCG). These studies have had a strong impact on the clinical practice of radiotherapy in breast cancer, by demonstrating its long-term potential toxic effects, but also its ability to decrease the long-term breast-cancer mortality, regardless of the effects of other breast-cancer treatments. Therefore, it has contributed to the continuous improvement in the techniques of radiotherapy, as well as to its use in the multidisciplinary management of breast-cancer patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Radioterapia/métodos , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Mastectomia , Metanálise como Assunto , Invasividade Neoplásica , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Cancer Radiother ; 12(5): 336-42, 2008 Sep.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18353701

RESUMO

PURPOSE: There is no consensus about the treatment of rectal tumour when there are synchronous metastases. The interest of radiotherapy is debated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty-seven patients with rectal tumour and synchronous metastases were treated with radiotherapy first between September 1994 and December 2004. We analysed the tolerance, local control, resecability, overall survival of such a therapeutic strategy. RESULTS: The mean follow-up was 30 months. Twenty-four tumors were resecable for both the primary site and the metastases. Thirteen were unresecable at the time of diagnosis. Thirty-three patients were treated with radiochemotherapy, ten with radiotherapy alone. Eighty-six decimal five percent of them had no pelvic symptom six weeks after the treatment. Twenty-one rectal tumours were finally resected. The disease progressed in six cases during the radiotherapy. Surgery of the metastases was possible for 12 patients with tumour initially resecable. CONCLUSION: Radiochemotherapy is a "tolerable" treatment, in spite of more frequent urinary or digestive side-effects. But, if there is no surgery, palliative effect of radiotherapy is limited.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Retais/radioterapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Neoplasias Retais/mortalidade
8.
Cancer Radiother ; 11(4): 188-96, 2007 Jun.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17604674

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate two dosimetric supports used in pulse dose rate brachytherapy (PDR): coverage of target volumes, dose to organs at risk, residual tumor after surgery, survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty patients treated for uterine cervix tumor first by brachytherapy PDR had a dosimetric CT-scan after implantation. For 9 patients, the treatment was planned from standard radiographies and then reported on CT-scan images. For 11 patients, it was directly planned from CT-scan. Six weeks after, 18 patients underwent surgery. RESULTS: With a median follow-up of 22 months, 2 year actuarial survival was 89%. Six patients developed grade II urinary or gynecological complications (LENT SOMA scale). No residual tumor was found for 12 patients (7 with a 3D treatment and 5 a 2 D treatment). Ninety-five percent of CTVHR received 53 Gy (2D treatment) or 63 Gy (3D treatment). Two cm3 of bladder wall received 63 Gy (2D) or 74 Gy (3D) although 2 cm3 of rectal wall received 37 Gy (2D) and 35 Gy (3D). CONCLUSION: Using CT-scan made us improve the coverage of the uterine cervix but increase the dose received by the bladder, without increasing the rate of histological remission after surgery. We should be prudent before changing our practice.


Assuntos
Braquiterapia/métodos , Neoplasias Uterinas/radioterapia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dosagem Radioterapêutica
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