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1.
J Immunother Cancer ; 7(1): 202, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31370892

RESUMO

Experience in the use of CAR T cells to treat CLL is limited, but safety and efficacy data are encouraging, suggesting that it may be possible to use CAR T cells in populations of CLL patients with particularly unfavorable prognoses. Mechanisms intrinsic to the pathophysiology of CLL undoubtedly explain the efficacy reported based on limited data for the first few series, and underlie the rationale of successive modulations in lymphodepletion schemes, transgene constructs, and, finally, the therapeutic association of CAR T cells with ibrutinib, which appears to be particularly promising. This review describes the published results and expected developments.

2.
Lancet Haematol ; 6(9): e470-e479, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31324600

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, achievement of a complete response with minimal residual disease of less than 0·01% (ie, <1 chronic lymphocytic leukaemia cell per 10 000 leukocytes) in bone marrow has been associated with improved progression-free survival. We aimed to explore the activity of induction therapy for 9 months with obinutuzumab and ibrutinib, followed up with a minimal residual disease-driven therapeutic strategy for 6 additional months, in previously untreated patients. METHODS: We did a single-arm, phase 2 trial in 27 university hospitals, general hospitals, and specialist cancer centres in France. Eligible patients were at least 18 years old and previously untreated, and had immunophenotypically confirmed B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia; an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status score of less than 2; a Binet stage C according to IWCLL 2008 criteria or Binet stage A and B with active disease; no 17p deletion or absence of p53 mutation; and were considered medically fit. In the first part of the study (induction phase), all participants received eight intravenous infusions of obinutuzumab 1000 mg over six 4-weekly cycles and oral ibrutinib 420 mg once per day for 9 months. In part 2, after assessment on day 1 of month 9, patients with a complete response and bone marrow minimal residual disease of less than 0·01% received only oral ibrutinib 420 mg once per day for 6 additional months. Patients with a partial response, or with a complete response and bone marrow minimal residual disease of 0·01% or more, received 6 months of four 4-weekly cycles of intravenous fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and obinutuzumab 1000 mg, alongside continuing ibrutinib 420 mg once per day. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients achieving a complete response with bone marrow minimal residual disease less than 0·01% on day 1 of month 16 assessed by intention to treat (ITT). This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (number NCT02666898) and is still open for follow-up. FINDINGS: Between Oct 27, 2015, and May 16, 2017, 135 patients were enrolled. After induction treatment (day 1 of month 9), 130 patients were evaluable, of which ten (8%) achieved a complete response with bone marrow minimal residual disease of less than 0·01% and were assigned to ibrutinib, and 120 (92%) were assigned to ibrutinib plus fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and obinutuzumab. After minimal residual disease-guided treatment (day 1 of month 16), 84 (62%, 90% CI 55-69) of 135 patients (ITT population) achieved a complete response with bone marrow minimal residual disease of less than 0·01%. The most common haematological adverse event was thrombocytopenia (in 45 [34%] of 133 patients at grade 1-2 in months 1-9 and in 43 [33%] of 130 patients at grade 1-2 in months 9-15). The most common non-haematological adverse events were infusion-related reactions (in 83 [62%] patients at grade 1-2 in months 1-9) and gastrointestinal disorders (in 62 [48%] patients at grades 1 and 2 in months 9-15). 49 serious adverse events occurred, most frequently infections (ten), cardiac events (eight), and haematological events (eight). No treatment-related deaths occurred. INTERPRETATION: Obinutuzumab and ibrutinib induction therapy followed by a minimal residual disease driven strategy is safe and active in patients with previously untreated chronic lymphocytic leukaemia. With longer follow-up, including assessing the evolution of minimal residual disease, if response is maintained, this strategy could be an option in the first-line setting in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, although randomised evidence is needed. FUNDING: Roche, Janssen.

3.
Blood ; 134(14): 1132-1143, 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292114

RESUMO

T-cell prolymphocytic leukemia (T-PLL) is a rare, mature T-cell neoplasm with a heterogeneous clinical course. With the advent of novel treatment options that will potentially change the management of patients with T-PLL, it has become necessary to produce consensus guidelines for the design and conduct of clinical trials. The T-PLL International Study group (TPLL-ISG) set out to define standardized criteria for diagnosis, treatment indication, and evaluation of response. These criteria will facilitate comparison of results from clinical trials in T-PLL, and will thus support clinical decision making, as well as the approval of new therapeutics by healthcare authorities.

5.
Cancer Med ; 8(6): 3131-3141, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31066214

RESUMO

The different types of drug resistance encountered in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) cannot be fully accounted for by the 17p deletion (and/or TP53 mutation), a complex karyotype (CK), immunoglobulin heavy-chain variable region genes (IGHV) status and gene mutations. Hence, we sought to assess the associations between recurrent genomic abnormalities in CLL and the disease's development and outcome. To this end, we analyzed 64 samples from patients with CLL and gain of the short arm of chromosome 2 (2p+), which is frequent in late-stage and relapsed/refractory CLL. We found that fludarabine/cyclophosphamide/rituximab (a common first-line treatment in CLL) is not effective in removing the 2p+ clone - even in samples lacking a CK, the 17p deletion or unmutated IGHV. Our results suggest strongly that patients with CLL should be screened for 2p+ (using karyotyping and fluorescence in situ hybridization) before a treatment option is chosen. Longer follow-up is now required to evaluate bendamustine-rituximab, ibrutinib, and idelalisib-rituximab treatments.

6.
Ann Hematol ; 98(6): 1341-1350, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30915499

RESUMO

Eltrombopag (ELT), an oral thrombopoietin receptor agonist, has recently emerged as a promising new drug for the treatment of aplastic anemia (AA). How ELT is used outside of clinical trials in the real-world setting and results of this treatment are not known. We conducted therefore a retrospective survey on the use of ELT in AA among EBMT member centers. We analyzed the 134 patients reported in our survey together with 46 patients recently published by Lengline et al. The median follow-up from start of ELT treatment was 15.3 months, with 85.6% patients alive at last follow-up. Importantly, only 28.9% of our patients received ELT according to the FDA/EMA label as monotherapy in the relapsed/refractory setting, whereas 16.7% received ELT upfront. The overall response rate in our cohort was 62%, very similar to the results of the pivotal ELT trial. In multivariate analysis, combination therapy with ELT/cyclosporine/ATG and response to previous therapy were associated with response. Overall survival was favorable with a 1-year survival from ELT start of 87.4%. We identified age, AA severity before ELT start and response to ELT as variables significantly associated with OS. Two patients transformed to MDS; other adverse events were mostly benign. In sum, ELT is used widely in Europe to treat AA patients, mostly in the relapsed/refractory setting. Response to ELT is similar to the clinical trial data across different age groups, treatment lines, and treatment combinations and results in favorable survival.


Assuntos
Anemia Aplástica/tratamento farmacológico , Benzoatos/uso terapêutico , Hidrazinas/uso terapêutico , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Anemia Aplástica/mortalidade , Avaliação de Medicamentos , Uso de Medicamentos , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/epidemiologia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/etiologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Receptores de Trombopoetina/agonistas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
7.
J Clin Oncol ; 37(11): 912-922, 2019 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30742566

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma (iNHL) remains largely incurable and often requires multiple lines of treatment after becoming refractory to standard therapies. Duvelisib was approved by the Food and Drug Administration for relapsed or refractory (RR) chronic lymphocytic leukemia or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) and RR follicular lymphoma (FL) after two or more prior systemic therapies. On the basis of the activity of duvelisib, a first-in-class oral dual inhibitor of phosphoinositide 3-kinase-δ,-γ, in RR iNHL in a phase I study, the safety and efficacy of duvelisib monotherapy was evaluated in iNHL refractory to rituximab and either chemotherapy or radioimmunotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eligible patients had measurable iNHL (FL, SLL, or marginal zone B-cell lymphoma) double refractory to rituximab (monotherapy or in combination) and to either chemotherapy or radioimmunotherapy. All were treated with duvelisib 25 mg orally twice daily in 28-day cycles until progression, unacceptable toxicity, or death. The primary end point was overall response rate (ORR) using the revised International Working Group criteria for malignant lymphoma. RESULTS: This open-label, global phase II trial enrolled 129 patients (median age, 65 years; median of three prior lines of therapy) with an ORR of 47.3% (SLL, 67.9%; FL, 42.2%; MZL, 38.9%). The estimated median duration of response was 10 months, and the estimated median progression-free survival was 9.5 months. The most frequent any-grade treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were diarrhea (48.8%), nausea (29.5%), neutropenia (28.7%), fatigue (27.9%), and cough (27.1%). Among the 88.4% of patients with at least one grade 3 or greater TEAE, the most common TEAEs were neutropenia (24.8%), diarrhea (14.7%), anemia (14.7%), and thrombocytopenia (11.6%). CONCLUSION: In the DYNAMO study, oral duvelisib monotherapy demonstrated clinically meaningful activity and a manageable safety profile in heavily pretreated, double-refractory iNHL, consistent with previous observations. Duvelisib may provide a new oral treatment option for this patient population of which many are elderly and in need of additional therapies.

9.
Lancet Haematol ; 5(9): e403-e410, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30172345

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immunochemotherapy with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) is a standard front-line treatment for follicular lymphoma. The combination of lenalidomide and rituximab has shown high efficacy in relapsed or refractory and untreated follicular lymphoma. We aimed to evaluate the safety and activity of the combination of lenalidomide and R-CHOP (R2-CHOP) in previously untreated patients with high burden follicular lymphoma. METHODS: This single-arm, open-label, multicentre, phase 2 trial was done in 16 hospitals in France, all of which were Lymphoma Study Association (LYSA) sites. Eligible patients were aged 18-70 years and had previously untreated CD20-positive follicular lymphoma of grade 1, 2, or 3a; at least one high tumour burden criterion according to Groupe d'Etude des Lymphomes Folliculaires criteria; an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score of 2 or less; and a minimum life expectancy of more than 3 months. Patients received induction therapy with six cycles of R2-CHOP every 3 weeks (one cycle involved standard R-CHOP on days 1-5, and 25 mg oral lenalidomide per day on days 1-14), followed by two rituximab infusions at 3-week intervals. The total treatment schedule was 24 weeks. Patients who achieved a complete or partial response to induction therapy received maintenance therapy consisting of one rituximab infusion every 8 weeks for 2 years. The primary outcome was the proportion of patients who achieved a complete response (complete response and complete response unconfirmed), according to International Workshop to Standardize Response Criteria, at the end of induction treatment. Safety was assessed in all patients who completed treatment. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01393756, and is closed to accrual. FINDINGS: Between Dec 21, 2010, and Jan 25, 2012, 80 patients were enrolled, and 68 (85%) completed six cycles of R2-CHOP. At the end of the induction phase, 59 patients achieved a complete response (74%, 95% CI 63-83). 55 patients achieved a complete response at 30 months from enrolment (69%, 57-78). The most frequent adverse event was grade 4 neutropenia in 52 (65%) patients. The most frequent non-haematological side-effects included grade 1-2 sensory neuropathy in 28 (35%) patients and grade 1-2 transient rash in 27 (34%) patients. Four patients died during the study period; none of these deaths were judged to be related to treatment. INTERPRETATIONS: Lenalidomide in combination with R-CHOP had an acceptable safety profile and showed anti-cancer activity in patients with previously untreated high burden follicular lymphoma. A future comparative study showing evidence of a survival advantage would be necessary for this combination to be proposed as a treatment for follicular lymphoma. FUNDING: French Ministry of Health, Celgene Corporation, and Amgen France.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Talidomida/análogos & derivados , Carga Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/uso terapêutico , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Lenalidomida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Talidomida/uso terapêutico , Vincristina/uso terapêutico
10.
Haematologica ; 2018 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30026341

RESUMO

In standard risk acute promyelocytic leukemia, recent results have shown that ATRA + Arsenic trioxide combinations were at least as effective as classical ATRA + anthracycline based chemotherapy while being less myelosuppressive. However, the role of frontline arsenic trioxide is less clear in higher risk acute promyelocytic leukemia, and access to arsenic remains limited for frontline treatment of standard risk acute promyelocytic leukemia in many countries. In this randomized trial, we compared for consolidation treatment (after ATRA-Chemotherapy induction treatment) arsenic, ATRA and the classical AraC in standard risk acute promyelocytic leukemia, and evaluated the addition of arsenic during consolidation in higher risk APL. Newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukemia patients with white blood cells < 10 G/L, after an induction treatment consisting of ATRA plus Idarubicin-AraC, received consolidation chemotherapy with Idarubicin and AraC, arsenic or ATRA. Patients with white blood cells >10G received consolidation chemotherapy with arsenic or without arsenic.795 acute promyelocytic leukemia patients were enrolled in this trial. In Standard risk APL (n= 581), 5-year EFS from randomization was 88.7%, 95.7% and 85.4% in the AraC, arsenic and ATRA consolidation groups, respectively (p=0.0067) and 5 year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) was 5.5%, 0% and 8.2%. (p=0.001). In higher risk APL (n=214), 5-year EFS was 85.5% vs 92.1% (p=0.38) in the chemotherapy and chemotherapy+ arsenic groups, respectively and 5-year CIR of 4.6% and 3.5% (p= 0.99) in the chemotherapy and chemotherapy+ arsenic groups. Due to prolonged myelosuppression in the chemotherapy+ arsenic arm, an amendment excluded AraC during consolidation cycles in the chemotherapy+ arsenic group, resulting in no increase in relapse. Our results therefore advocate systematic introduction of arsenic in the first line treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia, but probably not concomitantly with intensive chemotherapy, a situation where we found myelosuppression to be significant. (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00378365).

11.
J Mol Diagn ; 20(5): 677-685, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29981867

RESUMO

Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) is a peripheral T-cell lymphoma associated with chemoresistance and a poor prognosis. Various nonsynonymous mutations in the R172 residue of IDH2 are present in 20% to 30% of AITL patients. In addition to their diagnostic value, these mutations are potentially targetable, especially by isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) 2 inhibitor, and therefore their identification in a routine setting is clinically relevant. However, in AITL, the neoplastic cells may be scarce, making the identification of molecular anomalies difficult. We evaluated the diagnostic value of different methods to detect IDH2 mutations in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumor samples. Immunohistochemistry with an anti-IDH2 R172K antibody, Sanger sequencing, high-resolution melting PCR, allele-specific real-time quantitative PCR, and next-generation sequencing (NGS) were applied to biopsy specimens from 42 AITL patients. We demonstrate that the IDH2 R172K antibody is specific to this amino acid substitution and highly sensitive for the detection of the IDH2R172K variant, the most frequent substitution in this disease. In our study, NGS and allele-specific real-time quantitative PCR displayed a good sensitivity, detecting 96% and 92% of IDH2 mutations, respectively, in contrast to Sanger sequencing and high-resolution melting PCR, which showed a significantly lower detection rate (58% and 42%, respectively). These results suggest that a combination of immunohistochemistry and AS-PCR or NGS should be considered for the identification of IDH2 mutations in AITL in a routine setting.

12.
Br J Haematol ; 181(3): 341-349, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29611187

RESUMO

Tandem stem cell transplantation (SCT) is an option for high-risk relapsed/refractory Hodgkin Lymphoma (HL) patients. We evaluated the tolerance/efficacy of double autologous or autologous SCT (ASCT) followed by allogenic SCT (alloSCT) in 120 HL patients prospectively registered on a French nationwide database. Median age was 26 (14-56) years. Complete remission rate was 60%, including 33% after a single line, and another 27% after two or more salvage regimens. Partial response rate was 32%, and 8% suffered treatment failure. Overall, 115 (96%) patients underwent a first ASCT, and 73 (61%) had a tandem SCT, including alloSCT in 44 (60%) and ASCT in 29 (40%). The median follow-up was 43 months (4.8-73.7 months). The two-year progression-free survival rate for the whole population and for patients receiving tandem transplant was 56% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 46-65%) and 71% (95% CI: 49-84%), respectively. Among tandem transplants, we observed 20 deaths (17%), 10 of which were transplant-related (6 alloSCT and 4 ASCT). We suggest that tandem SCT is efficient in high-risk relapsed/refractory HL patients, although transplant-related mortality remains high. The benefit of tandem SCT should be balanced with the efficacy of Brentuximab vedotin-based post-transplant consolidative strategies in high-risk relapsed/refractory HL patients.

15.
Lancet Haematol ; 5(2): e82-e94, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29275118

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia relapse after initial therapy combining chemotherapy with rituximab. We assessed the efficacy and safety of rituximab maintenance treatment versus observation for elderly patients in remission after front-line abbreviated induction by fludarabine, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab (FCR). METHODS: This randomised, open-label, multicentre phase 3 trial at 89 centres in France enrolled treatment-naive and fit patients aged 65 years or older with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia without del(17p). Eligible patients had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0-1 and adequate renal and hepatic function. Patients in response to complete induction treatment with four monthly courses of full-dose FCR with two interim rituximab doses on day 14 of cycles 1 and 2 (oral fludarabine [40 mg/m2 per day] and oral cyclophosphamide [250 mg/m2 per day] for the first 3 days of each cycle, rituximab at 375 mg/m2 intravenously on day 0 of cycle 1 and subsequently at 500 mg/m2 on day 14 of cycle 1, days 1 and 14 of cycle 2, and day 1 of cycles 3 and 4) were eligible for randomisation. Recovery from FCR toxicity and patient willingness to continue the trial were mandatory. We randomly assigned (1:1) patients to either receive intravenous rituximab (500 mg/m2) every 8 weeks for up to 2 years or undergo observation, with a central computer-generated randomisation list using randomly permuted blocks of variable sizes. Randomisation was stratified by IGHV mutational status, the presence or absence of del(11q), and response level to induction treatment. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival, with the objective to assess the superiority of rituximab maintenance relative to observation. The final analysis was done in the intention-to-treat population. Safety was analysed in all patients who received at least one dose of study drug in the rituximab group and in all patients in the observation group. This trial is closed to accrual whilst continuing patient follow-up. The study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00645606. FINDINGS: Between Dec 14, 2007, and Feb 18, 2014, 542 patients were enrolled, of whom 525 started FCR induction. Between June 10, 2008, and Aug 14, 2014, 409 (78%) patients were randomly assigned to rituximab maintenance (n=202) or observation (n=207). Four (2%) patients in the rituximab group did not receive the allocated treatment (progressive disease [n=1], adverse events [n=3]). After a median follow-up of 47·7 months (IQR 30·4-65·8), median progression-free survival in the rituximab group (59·3 months, 95% CI 49·6-not estimable) was improved compared with the observation group (49·0 months, 39·9-60·5; hazard ratio 0·55, 95% CI 0·40-0·75; p=0·0002). Neutropenia and grade 3-4 infections were more common with rituximab maintenance (105 [53%] of 198 patients vs 74 [36%] of 207 patients and 38 [19%] vs 21 [10%], respectively) during the study. The most common grade 3-4 infection was lower respiratory tract infection (24 [12%] vs eight [4%]). The incidence of second cancers, except basal cell carcinoma, was similar in both groups (29 [15%] vs 23 [11%]). Deaths were related to adverse events for 23 (11%) patients in the rituximab group and 16 (8%) in the observation group. INTERPRETATION: 2-year maintenance rituximab in selected elderly patients improves progression-free survival and shows an acceptable safety profile. Immunotherapy maintenance strategy is a relevant option in front-line treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, even in the age of targeted therapy. FUNDING: French National Cancer Institute (INCa), Roche, Chugai.


Assuntos
Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Masculino , Rituximab/farmacologia
16.
Am J Hematol ; 93(3): 375-382, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29194741

RESUMO

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with 17p deletion (17p-) is associated with a lack of response to standard treatment and thus the worst possible clinical outcome. Various chromosomal abnormalities (including unbalanced translocations, deletions, ring chromosomes and isochromosomes) result in the loss of 17p and one copy of the TP53 gene. The objective of the present study was to determine whether the type of chromosomal abnormality leading to 17p- and the additional aberrations influenced the prognosis in a series of 195 patients with 17p-CLL. Loss of 17p resulted primarily from an unbalanced translocation (70%) with several chromosome partners (the most frequent being chromosome 18q), followed by deletion 17p (23%), monosomy 17 (8%), isochromosome 17q [i(17q)] (5%) and a ring chromosome 17 (2%). In a univariate analysis, monosomy 17, a highly complex karyotype (≥5 abnormalities), and 8q24 gain were associated with poor treatment-free survival, and i(17q) (P = .04), unbalanced translocations (P = .03) and 8q24 gain (P = .001) were significantly associated with poor overall survival. In a multivariate analysis, 8q24 gain remained a significant predictor of poor overall survival. We conclude that 17p deletion and 8q24 gain have a synergistic impact on outcome, and so patients with this "double-hit" CLL have a particularly poor prognosis. Systematic, targeting screening for 8q24 gain should therefore be considered in cases of 17p- CLL.

17.
Haematologica ; 103(2): 212-220, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29170252

RESUMO

Few therapeutic options are available for patients with aplastic anemia who are ineligible for transplantation or refractory to immunosuppressive therapy. Eltrombopag was recently shown to produce trilineage responses in refractory patients. However, the effects of real-life use of this drug remain unknown. This retrospective study (2012-2016) was conducted by the French Reference Center for Aplastic Anemia on patients with relapsed/refractory aplastic anemia, and patients ineligible for antithymocyte globulin or transplantation, who received eltrombopag for at least 2 months. Forty-six patients with aplastic anemia were given eltrombopag without prior antithymocyte globulin treatment (n=11) or after antithymocyte globulin administration (n=35) in a relapsed/refractory setting. Eltrombopag (median daily dose 150 mg) was introduced 17 months (range, 8-50) after the diagnosis of aplastic anemia. At last followup, 49% were still receiving treatment, 9% had stopped due to a robust response, 2% due to toxicity and 40% due to eltrombopag failure. Before eltrombopag treatment, all patients received regular transfusions. The overall rates of red blood cell and platelet transfusion independence were 7%, 33%, 46% and 46% at 1, 3, 6 months and last follow-up. Responses were slower to develop in antithymocyte treatment-naïve patients. In patients achieving transfusion independence, hemoglobin concentration and platelet counts improved by 3 g/dL (interquartile range, 1.4-4.5) and 42×109/L (interquartile range, 11-100), respectively. Response in at least one lineage (according to National Institutes of Health criteria) was observed in 64% of antithymocyte treatment-naïve and 74% of relapsed/refractory patients, while trilineage improvement was observed in 27% and 34%, respectively. We found high rates of hematologic improvement and transfusion independence in refractory aplastic anemia patients but also in patients ineligible for antithymocyte globulin receiving first-line treatment. In conclusion, elderly patients unfit for antithymocyte globulin therapy may benefit from eltrombopag.

18.
Blood ; 131(2): 174-181, 2018 01 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29061568

RESUMO

The benefit of radiotherapy (RT) after chemotherapy in limited-stage diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) remains controversial. We conducted a randomized trial in patients with nonbulky limited-stage DLBCL to evaluate the benefit of RT after rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP). Patients were stratified according to the modified International Prognostic Index, including lactate dehydrogenase, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status, age, and disease stage. The patients received 4 or 6 consecutive cycles of R-CHOP delivered once every 2 weeks, followed or not by RT at 40 Gy delivered 4 weeks after the last R-CHOP cycle. All patients were evaluated by fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography scans performed at baseline, after 4 cycles of R-CHOP, and at the end of treatment. The primary objective of the trial was event-free survival (EFS) from randomization. The trial randomly assigned 165 patients in the R-CHOP arm and 169 in the R-CHOP plus RT arm. In an intent-to-treat analysis with a median follow-up of 64 months, 5-year EFS was not statistically significantly different between the 2 arms, with 89% ± 2.9% in the R-CHOP arm vs 92% ± 2.4% in the R-CHOP plus RT arm (hazard ratio, 0.61; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.3-1.2; P = .18). Overall survival was also not different at 92% (95% CI, 89.5%-94.5%) for patients assigned to R-CHOP alone and 96% (95% CI, 94.3%-97.7%) for those assigned to R-CHOP plus RT (P = not significant). R-CHOP alone is not inferior to R-CHOP followed by RT in patients with nonbulky limited-stage DLBCL. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00841945.

19.
N Engl J Med ; 377(13): 1250-1260, 2017 09 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28953447

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mantle-cell lymphoma is generally incurable. Despite high rates of complete response after initial immunochemotherapy followed by autologous stem-cell transplantation, patients have relapses. We investigated whether rituximab maintenance therapy at a dose of 375 mg per square meter of body-surface area administered every 2 months for 3 years after transplantation would prolong the duration of response. METHODS: In a phase 3 trial involving 299 patients who were younger than 66 years of age at diagnosis, we randomly assigned 240 patients to receive rituximab maintenance therapy or to undergo observation after autologous stem-cell transplantation (120 patients per group); 59 patients did not undergo randomization. The primary end point was event-free survival (with an event defined as disease progression, relapse, death, allergy to rituximab, or severe infection) after transplantation among patients who underwent randomization. RESULTS: After four courses of immunochemotherapy induction (rituximab, dexamethasone, cytarabine, and a platinum derivative [R-DHAP]), the overall response rate was 89%, and the complete response rate 77%. Transplantation was performed in 257 patients. The median follow-up from randomization after transplantation was 50.2 months (range, 46.4 to 54.2). Starting from randomization, the rate of event-free survival at 4 years was 79% (95% confidence interval [CI], 70 to 86) in the rituximab group versus 61% (95% CI, 51 to 70) in the observation group (P=0.001). The rate of progression-free survival at 4 years was 83% (95% CI, 73 to 88) in the rituximab group versus 64% (95% CI, 55 to 73) in the observation group (P<0.001). The rate of overall survival was 89% (95% CI, 81 to 94) in the rituximab group versus 80% (95% CI, 72 to 88) in the observation group (P=0.04). According to a Cox regression unadjusted analysis, the rate of overall survival at 4 years was higher in the rituximab group than in the observation group (hazard ratio for death, 0.50; 95% CI, 0.26 to 0.99; P=0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Rituximab maintenance therapy after transplantation prolonged event-free survival, progression-free survival, and overall survival among patients with mantle-cell lymphoma who were younger than 66 years of age at diagnosis. (Funded by Roche and Amgen; LyMa ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00921414 .).


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Fatores Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Terapia Combinada , Citarabina/administração & dosagem , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/mortalidade , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/terapia , Quimioterapia de Manutenção , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Análise de Sobrevida , Transplante Autólogo
20.
Eur J Cancer ; 83: 146-153, 2017 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28735072

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long-term outcomes of adults with first-relapsed/refractory (R/R) systemic anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL) are not definitively established and should be evaluated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We previously published the long-term outcomes of adults with ALCL initially treated with polychemotherapy in LYmphoma Study Association (LYSA) prospective clinical trials conducted during the pre-brentuximab vedotin era. Herein, we report the long-term outcomes of those patients after the first-relapsed/refractory (R/R) events. RESULTS: Among the 138 (64 (anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK(+)) and 74 ALK(-) ALCL) adults initially treated in clinical trials, 40 (14 ALK(+) and 26 ALK(-)) first-R/R ALCL patients and their long-term outcomes were analysed. Median follow-up from the first-R/R events was 12.5 years. For ALK(+) and ALK(-) patients, respectively, median [range] findings were as follows: age at first-R/R event: 35 [19-76] and 61 [34-81] years; time between inclusion in first-line clinical trials and first-R/R events was 6 [1.5-34] and 11.1 [1-67] months (P = 0.36); with median (95% confidence interval) progression-free survival after the first-R/R events: 3.8 (0.7-14.8) and 5.3 (2.4-8.4) months (P = 0.39); and overall survival: 13.6 (0.7-89) and 8.1 (3.3-25) months (P = 0.96). ALCL was the main cause of death. CONCLUSION: Most adults with first-R/R ALCL have poor outcomes, with no significant differences between patients with ALK(+) or ALK(-) disease. These results could be used as reference for the evaluation of new drugs to treat R/R ALCL.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Anaplásico de Células Grandes/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bleomicina/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoconjugados/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Vindesina/administração & dosagem , Adulto Jovem
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