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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524599

RESUMO

Anticoagulation therapy is prescribed for the prevention of recurrence in patients with venous thromboembolism, which could be temporarily interrupted during invasive procedures. The COMMAND VTE Registry is a multicenter registry enrolling 3027 consecutive patients with acute symptomatic VTE in Japan between January 2010 and August 2014. We identified patients who underwent invasive procedures during the entire follow-up period and evaluated periprocedural managements and clinical outcomes at 30 days after invasive procedures. During a median follow-up period of 1213 (IQR: 847-1764) days, 518 patients underwent invasive procedures with the cumulative incidences of 5.8% at 3 months, 11.1% at 1 year, and 24.0% at 5 years. Among 382 patients in high bleeding-risk category of invasive procedures, anticoagulation therapy had been discontinued already in 62 patients (16%) and interrupted temporarily in 288 patients (75%) during the invasive procedures with bridging anticoagulation therapy with heparin in 214 patients (56%). Among 80 patients in low bleeding-risk category, anticoagulation therapy had been already discontinued in 15 patients (19%) and interrupted temporarily in 31 patients (39%) during invasive procedure with bridging anticoagulation therapy with heparin in 17 patients (21%). At 30 days after the invasive procedures, 14 patients (2.7%) experienced recurrent VTE, while 28 patients (5.4%) had major bleeding. This study elucidated the real-world features of peri-procedural management and prognosis in patients with VTE who underwent invasive procedures during follow-up in the large multicenter VTE registry. The 30-day incidence rates of recurrent VTE and major bleeding events were 2.7% and 5.4%.

2.
Circ J ; 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34526432

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Optimal intensity is unclear for P2Y12receptor blocker therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in real-world clinical practice.Methods and Results:From the CREDO-Kyoto Registry, the current study population consisted of 25,419 patients (Cohort-2: n=12,161 and Cohort-3: n=13,258) who underwent their first PCI. P2Y12receptor blocker therapies were reduced dose of ticlopidine (200 mg/day), and global dose of clopidogrel (75 mg/day) in 87.7% and 94.8% of patients in Cohort-2 and Cohort-3, respectively. Cumulative 3-year incidence of GUSTO moderate/severe bleeding was significantly higher in Cohort-3 than in Cohort-2 (12.1% and 9.0%, P<0.0001). After adjusting 17 demographic factors and 9 management factors potentially related to the bleeding events other than the type of P2Y12receptor blocker, the higher bleeding risk in Cohort-3 relative to Cohort-2 remained significant (hazard ratio (HR): 1.52 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.37-1.68, P<0.0001). Cohort-3 compared with Cohort-2 was not associated with lower adjusted risk for myocardial infarction/ischemic stroke (HR: 0.96, 95% CI: 0.87-1.06, P=0.44). CONCLUSIONS: In this historical comparative study, Cohort-3 compared with Cohort-2 was associated with excess bleeding risk, which might be at least partly explained by the difference in P2Y12receptor blockers.

3.
Int J Cardiol ; 343: 107-113, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34499975

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data on the long-term clinical outcomes according to the severity of pulmonary embolism (PE) at initial diagnosis. METHODS: The COMMAND VTE Registry is a multicenter registry enrolling 3027 consecutive patients with acute symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE). After excluding 1312 patients without PE, the current study population consisted of 1715 patients with PE, who were divided into 3 groups according to the clinical severity; massive PE, sub-massive PE and low-risk PE. RESULTS: There were 179 patients (10%) with massive PE, 742 patients (43%) with sub-massive PE, and 794 patients (46%) with low-risk PE. By the landmark analysis at 3 months, the cumulative incidences of recurrent VTE were similar among the 3 groups both within and beyond 3 months (Massive PE: 2.9%, Sub-massive PE: 4.2%, and Low-risk PE: 3.3%, P = 0.61, and 4.3%, 8.8%, and 7.8% at 5 years, P = 0.47, respectively). After adjusting confounders, the risk of massive PE relative to low-risk PE for recurrent VTE beyond 3 months remained insignificant (adjusted HR 0.54, 95% CI: 0.13-1.51, P = 0.27). Patients with massive PE at initial diagnosis more often presented as severe recurrent PE events than those with sub-massive and low-risk PE. CONCLUSIONS: In the current real-world large registry, the long-term risk of overall recurrent VTE in patients with massive PE at initial diagnosis did not significantly differ from those with sub-massive and low-risk PE beyond 3 months, although patients with massive PE at initial diagnosis more frequently developed recurrent VTE as PE with severe clinical presentation.

4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(32): e26892, 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397913

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: There was no previous report on the prognostic impact of new-onset or improved anemia after discharge from acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF).We analyzed 771 patients with ADHF and who were followed in multicenters in Japan was divided into 4 groups based on the hemoglobin values at discharge and 6-month index visit: 373 patients (48.4%) with persistent anemia, 87 patients (11.3%) with new-onset anemia, 91 patients (11.8%) with improved anemia, and 220 patients (28.5%) without anemia.The primary outcome measure was a composite of all-cause death or HF hospitalization after index visit. The cumulative 6-month incidences of the primary outcome measure were 25.2% for persistent anemia, 18.5% for new onset anemia, 9.0% for improved anemia, and 9.2% for no anemia (log-rank P < .001). Compared with the no anemia group, the excess risk for the primary outcome measure remained significant in the persistent anemia group [hazard ratio (HR) 2.70, 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 1.45-5.44, P = .001] and in the new-onset anemia group (HR 2.73, 95% CI 1.19-6.25, P = .02), while it was not significant in the improved anemia group (HR 1.69, 95% CI 0.68-4.03, P = .25).Persistent and new-onset anemia at 6-month visit were associated with a subsequent higher risk for all-cause death or HF hospitalization in patients with ADHF, suggesting the importance of detecting anemia during follow-up.


Assuntos
Anemia/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anemia/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34228248

RESUMO

Prolonged anticoagulation therapy is recommended for patients with intermediate-risk for recurrence of venous thromboembolism (VTE). The current study aimed to identify risk factors of VTE recurrence and major bleeding in intermediate-risk patients. The COMMAND VTE Registry is a multicenter registry enrolled consecutive 3027 patients with acute symptomatic VTE among 29 centers in Japan. The current study population consisted of 1703 patients with intermediate-risk for recurrence. The primary outcome measure was recurrent VTE during the entire follow-up period, and the secondary outcome measures were recurrent VTE and major bleeding during anticoagulation therapy. In the multivariable Cox regression model for recurrent VTE incorporating the status of anticoagulation therapy as a time-updated covariate, off-anticoagulation therapy was strongly associated with an increased risk for recurrent VTE (HR 9.42, 95% CI 5.97-14.86). During anticoagulation therapy, the independent risk factor for recurrent VTE was thrombophilia (HR 3.58, 95% CI 1.56-7.50), while the independent risk factors for major bleeding were age ≥ 75 years (HR 2.04, 95% CI 1.36-3.07), men (HR 1.52, 95% CI 1.02-2.27), history of major bleeding (HR 3.48, 95% CI 1.82-6.14) and thrombocytopenia (HR 3.73, 95% CI 2.04-6.37). Among VTE patients with intermediate-risk for recurrence, discontinuation of anticoagulation therapy was a very strong independent risk factor of recurrence during the entire follow-up period. The independent risk factors of recurrent VTE and those of major bleeding during anticoagulation therapy were different: thrombophilia for recurrent VTE, and advanced age, men, history of major bleeding, and thrombocytopenia for major bleeding. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: Unique identifier: UMIN000021132. COMMAND VTE Registry: http://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/index.htm .

6.
Am J Cardiol ; 153: 20-29, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238444

RESUMO

The treatment of coronary artery disease has substantially changed over the past two decades. However, it is unknown whether and how much these changes have contributed to the improvement of long-term outcomes after coronary revascularization. We assessed trends in the demographics, practice patterns and long-term outcomes in 24,951 patients who underwent their first percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) (n = 20,106), or isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) (n = 4,845) using the data in a series of the CREDO-Kyoto PCI/CABG Registries (Cohort-1 [2000 to 2002]: n = 7,435, Cohort-2 [2005 to 2007]: n = 8,435, and Cohort-3 [2011 to 2013]: n = 9,081). From Cohort-1 to Cohort-3, the patients got progressively older across subsequent cohorts (67.0 ± 10.0, 68.4 ± 9.9, and 69.8 ± 10.2 years, ptrend < 0.001). There was increased use of PCI over CABG (73.5%, 81.9%, and 85.2%, ptrend < 0.001) and increased prevalence of evidence-based medications use over time. The cumulative 3-year incidence of all-cause death was similar across the 3 cohorts (9.0%, 9.0%, and 9.3%, p = 0.74), while cardiovascular death decreased over time (5.7%, 5.1%, and 4.8%, p = 0.03). The adjusted risk for all-cause death and for cardiovascular death progressively decreased from Cohort-1 to Cohort-2 (HR:0.89, 95%CI:0.80 to 0.99, p = 0.03, and HR:0.80, 95%CI:0.70 to 0.92, p = 0.002, respectively), and from Cohort-2 to Cohort-3 (HR:0.86, 95%CI:0.78 to 0.95, p = 0.004, and HR:0.77, 95%CI:0.67-0.89, p < 0.001, respectively). The risks for stroke and repeated coronary revascularization also improved over time. In conclusions, we found a progressive and substantial reduction of adjusted risk for all-cause death, cardiovascular death, stroke, and repeated coronary revascularization over the past two decades in Japan.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/tendências , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Mortalidade/tendências , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/tendências , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Causas de Morte , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade/tendências , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/tendências , Duração da Terapia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Japão/epidemiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Revascularização Miocárdica/tendências , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Diálise Renal , Reoperação , Fumar/epidemiologia , Stents , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Trombose/epidemiologia
7.
Circ J ; 2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275976

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical significance of concomitant mitral regurgitation (MR) has not been well addressed in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS).Methods and Results:We analyzed 3,815 patients from a retrospective multicenter registry of severe AS in Japan (CURRENT AS registry). We compared the clinical outcomes between patients with moderate/severe MR and with none/mild MR according to the initial treatment strategy (initial aortic valve replacement [AVR] or conservative strategy). The primary outcome measure was a composite of aortic valve-related death or heart failure hospitalization. At baseline, moderate/severe MR was present in 227/1,197 (19%) patients with initial AVR strategy and in 536/2,618 (20%) patients with a conservative strategy. The crude cumulative 5-year incidence of the primary outcome measure was significantly higher in patients with moderate/severe MR than in those with none/mild MR, regardless of the initial treatment strategy (25.2% vs. 14.4%, P<0.001 in the initial AVR strategy, and 63.3% vs. 40.7%, P<0.001 in the conservative strategy). After adjusting confounders, moderate/severe MR was not independently associated with higher risk for the primary outcome measure in the initial AVR strategy (hazard ratio [HR] 1.11, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.67-1.83, P=0.69), and in the conservative strategy (HR 1.13, 95% CI 0.93-1.37, P=0.22). CONCLUSIONS: Concomitant moderate/severe MR was not independently associated with higher risk for the primary outcome measure regardless of the initial treatment strategy.

8.
J Diabetes ; 13(11): 847-856, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34231959

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sodium glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitor (SGLT2i) has recently been suggested to reduce the risk of cardiovascular events. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is associated with cardiovascular events. Diabetic macroangiopathy is a crucial complication in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). This study examined the effect of SGLT2i on LVH in patients with type 2 DM (T2DM). METHODS: The retrospective cohort study was conducted in consecutive outpatients with T2DM from 2010 to 2020. Left ventricular mass index (LVMI) was used as an indicator of LVH based on echocardiography. The minimum follow-up period was 1 year. After propensity score-matching for clinical profiles, patients who underwent annual echocardiography twice for a routine checkup and took SGLT2i were defined to the SGLT2i group, whereas patients without SGLT2 inhibitors were defined to the non-SGLT2 group. SGLT2i was administered after baseline echocardiography followed by a second examination. RESULTS: LVMI levels in the SGLT2i group (n = 169) significantly decreased from baseline compared with those in the non-SGLT2i group (n = 169), % changes in LVMI2.7(g/m2.7 ) in median (interquartile ranges [IQR]) were - 7.7 (-18.7, 2.5) vs -3.6 (-14.3, 5.8), respectively, P = 0.017). In a subgroup analysis, LVMI levels in the patients who had LVH in the SGLT2i group more significantly decreased than those without LVH, % changes in LVMI2.7(g/m2.7 ) in median (IQR) were -13.5 (-22.1, -2.4) vs -2.8 (-12.6, 9.8), respectively, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: SGLT2i treatment was shown to improve LVH in patients with T2DM and may play a pivotal role in the future treatment of diabetic cardiovascular complications.

9.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(15): e021257, 2021 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34323122

RESUMO

Background Heart failure might be an important determinant in choosing coronary revascularization modalities. There was no previous study evaluating the effect of heart failure on long-term clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) relative to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods and Results Among 14 867 consecutive patients undergoing first coronary revascularization with PCI or isolated CABG between January 2011 and December 2013 in the CREDO-Kyoto PCI/CABG registry Cohort-3, we identified the current study population of 3380 patients with three-vessel or left main coronary artery disease, and compared clinical outcomes between PCI and CABG stratified by the subgroup based on the status of heart failure. There were 827 patients with heart failure (PCI: N=511, and CABG: N=316), and 2553 patients without heart failure (PCI: N=1619, and CABG: N=934). In patients with heart failure, the PCI group compared with the CABG group more often had advanced age, severe frailty, acute and severe heart failure, and elevated inflammatory markers. During a median 5.9 years of follow-up, there was a significant interaction between heart failure and the mortality risk of PCI relative to CABG (interaction P=0.009), with excess mortality risk of PCI relative to CABG in patients with heart failure (HR, 1.75; 95% CI, 1.28-2.42; P<0.001) and no excess mortality risk in patients without heart failure (HR, 1.04; 95% CI, 0.80-1.34; P=0.77). Conclusions There was a significant interaction between heart failure and the mortality risk of PCI relative to CABG with excess risk in patients with heart failure and neutral risk in patients without heart failure.

10.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(15): e020292, 2021 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34325523

RESUMO

Background No clinical studies have focused on the factors associated with discharge destination in patients with acute decompensated heart failure. Methods and Results Of 4056 consecutive patients hospitalized for acute decompensated heart failure in the KCHF (Kyoto Congestive Heart Failure) registry, we analyzed 3460 patients hospitalized from their homes and discharged alive. There were 3009 and 451 patients who were discharged to home and nonhome, respectively. We investigated the factors associated with nonhome discharge and compared the outcomes between home discharge and nonhome discharge. Factors independently and positively associated with nonhome discharge were age ≥80 years (odds ratio [OR],1.76; 95% CI,1.28-2.42), body mass index ≤22 kg/m2 (OR,1.49; 95% CI,1.12-1.97), poor medication adherence (OR, 2.08; 95% CI,1.49-2.88), worsening heart failure (OR, 2.02; 95% CI, 1.46-2.82), stroke during hospitalization (OR, 3.74; 95% CI, 1.75-8.00), functional decline (OR, 12.24; 95% CI, 8.74-17.14), and length of hospital stay >16 days (OR, 4.14; 95% CI, 3.01-5.69), while those negatively associated were diabetes mellitus (OR, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.51-0.94), cohabitants (OR, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.46-0.85), and ambulatory state before admission (OR, 0.25; 95% CI, 0.18-0.36). The cumulative 1-year incidence of all-cause death was significantly higher in the nonhome discharge group than in the home discharge group. The nonhome discharge group compared with the nonhome discharge group was associated with a higher adjusted risk for all-cause death (hazard ratio, 1.66; P<0.001). Conclusions The discharge destination of patients with acute decompensated heart failure is influenced by factors such as prehospital social background, age, body mass index, low self-care ability, events during hospitalization (worsening heart failure, stroke, etc), functional decline, and length of hospital stay; moreover, the prognosis of nonhome discharge patients is worse than that of home discharge patients. Registration Information clinicaltrials.gov. Identifier: NCT02334891.

11.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(13): e020012, 2021 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34180244

RESUMO

Background It remains unclear whether beta-blocker use at hospital admission is associated with better in-hospital outcomes in patients with acute decompensated heart failure. Methods and Results We evaluated the factors independently associated with beta-blocker use at admission, and the effect of beta-blocker use at admission on in-hospital mortality in 3817 patients with acute decompensated heart failure enrolled in the Kyoto Congestive Heart Failure registry. There were 1512 patients (39.7%) receiving, and 2305 patients (60.3%) not receiving beta-blockers at admission for the index acute decompensated heart failure hospitalization. Factors independently associated with beta-blocker use at admission were previous heart failure hospitalization, history of myocardial infarction, atrial fibrillation, cardiomyopathy, and estimated glomerular filtration rate <30 mL/min per 1.73 m2. Factors independently associated with no beta-blocker use were asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lower body mass index, dementia, older age, and left ventricular ejection fraction <40%. Patients on beta-blockers had significantly lower in-hospital mortality rates (4.4% versus 7.6%, P<0.001). Even after adjusting for confounders, beta-blocker use at admission remained significantly associated with lower in-hospital mortality risk (odds ratio, 0.41; 95% CI, 0.27-0.60, P<0.001). Furthermore, beta-blocker use at admission was significantly associated with both lower cardiovascular mortality risk and lower noncardiovascular mortality risk. The association of beta-blocker use with lower in-hospital mortality risk was relatively more prominent in patients receiving high dose beta-blockers. The magnitude of the effect of beta-blocker use was greater in patients with previous heart failure hospitalization than in patients without (P for interaction 0.04). Conclusions Beta-blocker use at admission was associated with lower in-hospital mortality in patients with acute decompensated heart failure. Registration URL: https://www.upload.umin.ac.jp/; Unique identifier: UMIN000015238.

12.
ESC Heart Fail ; 8(4): 2826-2836, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33934541

RESUMO

AIMS: Although the prognostic impact of the high tricuspid regurgitation pressure gradient (TRPG) has been investigated, the association of the decrease in TRPG during follow-up with clinical outcomes in heart failure (HF) has not been previously studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of a decrease in TRPG between hospitalization and 6 month visit with subsequent clinical outcomes in patients with acute decompensated HF (ADHF). METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 721 patients with available TRPG data both during hospitalization and a subsequent 6 month visit, the study population was divided into two groups: a decrease in TRPG group (>10 mmHg decrease at 6 month visit) (N = 179) and no decrease in TRPG group (N = 542). The primary outcome measure was a composite of all-cause death or HF hospitalization. The cumulative 6 month incidence of primary outcome measure was significantly lower in the decrease in TRPG group than in the no decrease in TRPG group (12.2% vs. 18.7%, P = 0.02). After adjusting for confounders, there was a significantly lower risk in decrease in TRPG group than in the no decrease in TRPG group for the measured primary outcome (hazard ratio: 0.56, 95% confidence interval 0.32-0.93, P = 0.02). The lower risk in decrease in TRPG group was not different among the basal TRPG values. CONCLUSIONS: Heart failure patients with a decrease in TRPG at 6 months after discharge from ADHF hospitalization had lower subsequent risk of all-cause death and HF hospitalization than those without a decrease in TRPG, regardless of TRPG values.

14.
Circ J ; 2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33907052

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data evaluating the effects of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) relative to stable coronary artery disease (CAD) on bleeding risk after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are scarce.Methods and Results:From the CREDO-Kyoto Registry Cohort-3, 13,258 patients undergoing first PCI (5,521 ACS; 7,737 stable CAD) were identified. Patients were further stratified according to ACS presentation and Academic Research Consortium High Bleeding Risk (HBR): ACS/HBR: n=2,502; ACS/no-HBR: n=3,019; stable CAD/HBR: n=3,905; and stable CAD/no-HBR: n=3,832. The primary bleeding endpoint was Bleeding Academic Research Consortium 3/5 bleeding, whereas the primary ischemic endpoint was myocardial infarction (MI)/ischemic stroke. Compared with stable CAD, ACS was associated with a significantly higher adjusted risk for bleeding (hazard ratio [HR] 1.85; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.68-2.03; P<0.0001), with a markedly higher risk within 30 days (HR 4.24; 95% CI 3.56-5.06; P<0.0001). Compared with the stable CAD/no-HBR group, the ACS/HBR, no-ACS/HBR, and ACS/no-HBR groups were associated with significantly higher adjusted risks for bleeding, with HRs of 3.05 (95% CI 2.64-3.54; P<0.0001), 1.89 (95% CI 1.66-2.15; P<0.0001), and 1.69 (95% CI 1.45-1.98; P<0.0001), respectively. There was no excess adjusted risk of the ACS relative to stable CAD group for MI/ischemic stroke (HR 1.07; 95% CI 0.94-1.22; P=0.33). CONCLUSIONS: Bleeding risk after PCI depended on both ACS presentation and HBR, with a significant effect of ACS within 30 days.

15.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; 10(3): 335-342, 2021 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33580775

RESUMO

AIMS: The association between serum cholinesterase and prognosis in acute heart failure (AHF) remains to be elucidated. We investigated the serum cholinesterase level at discharge from hospitalization for AHF and its association with clinical outcomes in patients with AHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 4056 patients enrolled in the Kyoto Congestive Heart Failure multicentre registry, we analysed 2228 patients with available serum cholinesterase data. The study population was classified into three groups according to serum cholinesterase level at discharge: low tertile (<180 U/L, N = 733), middle tertile (≥180 U/L and <240 U/L, N = 746), and high tertile (≥240 U/L, N = 749). Patients in the low tertile had higher tricuspid pressure gradient, greater inferior vena cava diameter, and higher brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels than those in the high tertile. The cumulative 1-year incidence of the primary outcome measure (a composite endpoint of all-cause death and hospitalization for HF) was higher in the low and middle tertiles than in the high tertile [46.5% (low tertile) and 31.4% (middle tertile) vs. 22.1% (high tertile), P < 0.0001]. After adjustment for 26 variables, the excess risk of the low tertile relative to the high tertile for the primary outcome measure remained significant (hazard ratio 1.37, 95% confidence interval 1.10-1.70, P = 0.006). Restricted cubic spline models below the median of cholinesterase demonstrated incrementally higher hazards at low cholinesterase levels. CONCLUSIONS: Low serum cholinesterase levels are associated with congestive findings on echocardiography, higher BNP, and higher risks for a composite of all-cause death and HF hospitalization in patients with AHF.

16.
BMJ Open ; 11(2): e044409, 2021 02 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33608404

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The association between sequential changes in left atrial diameter (LAD) and prognosis in heart failure (HF) remains to be elucidated. The present study aimed to investigate the link between reduction in LAD and clinical outcomes in patients with HF. DESIGN: A multicentre prospective cohort study. SETTING: This study was nested from the Kyoto Congestive Heart Failure registry including consecutive patients admitted for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) in 19 hospitals throughout Japan. PARTICIPANTS: The current study population included 673 patients with HF who underwent both baseline and 6-month follow-up echocardiography with available paired LAD data. We divided them into two groups: the reduction in the LAD group (change <0 mm) (n=398) and the no-reduction in the LAD group (change ≥0 mm) (n=275). PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOMES: The primary outcome measure was a composite of all-cause death or hospitalisation for HF during 180 days after 6-month follow-up echocardiography. The secondary outcome measures were defined as the individual components of the primary composite outcome measure and a composite of cardiovascular death or hospitalisation for HF. RESULTS: The cumulative 180-day incidence of the primary outcome measure was significantly lower in the reduction in the LAD group than in the no-reduction in the LAD group (13.3% vs 22.2%, p=0.002). Even after adjusting 15 confounders, the lower risk of reduction in LAD relative to no-reduction in LAD for the primary outcome measure remained significant (HR 0.59, 95% CI 0.36 to 0.97 p=0.04). CONCLUSION: Patients with reduction in LAD during follow-up after ADHF hospitalisation had a lower risk for a composite endpoint of all-cause death or HF hospitalisation, suggesting that the change of LAD might be a simple and useful echocardiographic marker during follow-up.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
17.
Am J Cardiol ; 145: 47-57, 2021 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33454345

RESUMO

Long-term safety of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) as compared with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is still controversial in patients with unprotected left main coronary artery disease (ULMCAD), and there is a scarcity of real-world data on the comparative long-term clinical outcomes between PCI and CABG for ULMCAD in new-generation drug-eluting stents era. The CREDO-Kyoto PCI/CABG registry Cohort-3 enrolled 14927 consecutive patients undergoing first coronary revascularization with PCI or isolated CABG between January 2011 and December 2013, and we identified 855 patients with ULMCAD (PCI: N = 383 [45%], and CABG: N = 472 [55%]). The primary outcome measure was all-cause death. Median follow-up duration was 5.5 (interquartile range: 3.9 to 6.6) years. The cumulative 5-year incidence of all-cause death was not significantly different between the PCI and CABG groups (21.9% vs 17.6%, Log-rank p = 0.13). After adjusting confounders, the excess risk of PCI relative to CABG remained insignificant for all-cause death (HR, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.68 to 1.47; p = 0.99). There were significant excess risks of PCI relative to CABG for myocardial infarction and any coronary revascularization (HR, 2.07; 95% CI, 1.30 to 3.37; p = 0.002, and HR, 2.96; 95% CI, 1.96 to 4.46; p < 0.001), whereas there was no significant excess risk of PCI relative to CABG for stroke (HR, 0.85; 95% CI, 0.50 to 1.41; p = 0.52). In conclusion, there was no excess long-term mortality risk of PCI relative to CABG, while the excess risks of PCI relative to CABG were significant for myocardial infarction and any coronary revascularization in the present study population reflecting real-world clinical practice in Japan.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Revascularização Miocárdica/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Sistema de Registros , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia
18.
Am J Cardiol ; 145: 37-46, 2021 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33454346

RESUMO

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) might be an important determinant in choosing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, there is a scarcity of studies evaluating the effect of CKD on long-term outcomes after PCI relative to CABG in the population including severe CKD. Among 30257 consecutive patients patients who underwent first coronary revascularization with PCI or isolated CABG in the CREDO-Kyoto PCI/CABG registry Cohort-2 (n = 15330) and Cohort-3 (n = 14,927), we identified the current study population of 12,878 patients with multivessel or left main disease, and compared long-term clinical outcomes between PCI and CABG stratified by the subgroups based on the stages of CKD (no CKD: eGFR >=60 ml/min/1.73m2, moderate CKD: 60> eGFR >=30 ml/min/1.73m2, and severe CKD: eGFR <30 ml/min/1.73m2 or dialysis). There were 6,999 patients without CKD (PCI: n = 5,268, and CABG: n = 1,731), 4,427 patients with moderate CKD (PCI: n = 3,226, and CABG: n = 1,201), and 1,452 patients with severe CKD (PCI: n = 989, and CABG: n = 463). During median 5.6 years of follow-up, the excess mortality risk of PCI relative to CABG was significant regardless of the stages of CKD without interaction (no CKD: HR, 1.36; 95%CI, 1.12 to 1.65; p = 0.002, moderate CKD: HR, 1.40; 95%CI, 1.17 to 1.67; p <0.001, and severe CKD: HR, 1.33; 95%CI, 1.09 to 1.62; p = 0.004, Interaction p = 0.83). There were no significant interactions between CKD and the effect of PCI relative to CABG for all the outcome measures evaluated. In conclusion, PCI compared with CABG was associated with significantly higher risk for all-cause death regardless of the stages of CKD without any significant interaction.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Sistema de Registros , Diálise Renal , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
19.
J Thromb Thrombolysis ; 51(3): 779-788, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32728908

RESUMO

There are uncertainties on the influence of the days of diagnosis in a week (weekends versus weekdays) on clinical outcomes in patients with acute venous thromboembolism (VTE), including pulmonary embolism (PE) and deep vein thrombosis (DVT). The COMMAND VTE registry is a multicenter cohort study enrolling 3027 consecutive patients with acute symptomatic VTE. The current study population consisted of 337 patients diagnosed on weekends and 2690 patients diagnosed on weekdays. We compared the clinical characteristics, management strategies and 30-day outcomes between the 2 groups. The patients diagnosed on weekends more often presented with PE (72% vs. 55%, P < 0.001), and with more severe hemodynamic condition for PE patients. The patients diagnosed on weekends more often received initial parenteral anticoagulation therapy and thrombolysis than those diagnosed on weekdays. The cumulative 30-day incidence of all-cause death was not significantly different between the two groups among PE patients (diagnosis on weekends: 6.2% vs. diagnosis on weekdays: 6.5%, P = 0.87), as well as among DVT patients (0.0% vs. 1.5%, P = 0.24). The most frequent cause of deaths was fatal PE in both groups among PE patients. The risks for recurrent VTE and major bleeding at 30-day were not significantly different between the 2 groups among PE patients, nor among DVT only patients. In conclusion, the VTE patients diagnosed on weekends presented more often with PE, and with more severe condition for PE patients. Nevertheless, the risk for 30-day mortality was not significantly different between patients diagnosed on weekends and on weekdays.

20.
J Cardiol ; 77(4): 395-403, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33218901

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The majority of acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is caused by thrombus developed from leg veins. However, impact of concomitant deep venous thrombosis (DVT) on clinical outcomes has not been fully evaluated in patients with acute PE. METHODS: The COMMAND VTE Registry is a multicenter registry enrolling consecutive 3027 patients with acute symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE) in Japan. The current study population consisted of 655 acute PE patients who underwent lower extremities ultrasound examination at diagnosis for the assessment of concomitant DVT status. RESULTS: There were 424 patients with proximal DVT (64.7%), 162 patients with distal DVT (24.7%), and 69 patients with no DVT (10.5%). The cumulative 90-day incidence of all-cause death was higher in proximal DVT patients than in distal DVT and no DVT patients (7.9%, 2.5%, and 1.4%, p = 0.01). Regarding the causes of death, the cumulative 90-day incidence of PE-related death was low, and not significantly different across the 3 groups (1.4%, 0.6%, and 1.7%, p = 0.62). The most frequent cause of death was cancer in proximal and distal DVT patients. There were no significant differences in 90-day rates of recurrent VTE and major bleeding, regardless of the status of concomitant DVT (2.9%, 3.2%, and 2.2%, p = 0.79, and 1.5%, 4.4%, and 4.9%, p = 0.46, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Acute PE with proximal DVT at diagnosis was associated with a higher risk for short-term mortality than in patients without DVT, while the risk for short-term mortality was not significantly different between distal DVT patients and patients without DVT.

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