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1.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 72(12): 2147-2158, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32648697

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of canakinumab and explore prediction of response in patients with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) with or without fever at treatment initiation. METHODS: At enrollment, patients with active systemic JIA (ages 2 to <20 years) started open-label canakinumab (4 mg/kg every 4 weeks subcutaneously). Efficacy measures included the adapted American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Pediatric 50/70/90 criteria, the Juvenile Arthritis Disease Activity Score (JADAS), and clinically inactive disease and clinical remission on medication, evaluated by either the JADAS or ACR criteria. RESULTS: Of the 123 patients (70 with fever and 52 without fever [fever status was not reported for 1 patient]), 84 (68.3%) completed the study (median duration 1.8 years). Comparable efficacy (adapted ACR Pediatric 50/70/90/100) was observed by day 15 in both subgroups (60.0%/48.6%/37.1%/24.3% in those with fever and 67.3%/48.1%/34.6%/19.2% in those without fever), and further increased thereafter. By month 6, clinical remission according to the JADAS or the ACR criteria was achieved in 17 (24.3%) and 26 (37.1%), respectively, of patients with fever and 9 (17.3%) and 12 (23.1%), respectively, of patients without fever. Median time to onset of clinical remission according to the JADAS or ACR criteria was 57 and 30 days, respectively, in those with fever, and 58 and 142 days, respectively, in those without fever. An adapted ACR Pediatric 50 response by day 15 was the strongest predictor of achieving clinical remission according to the JADAS (odds ratio [OR] 13 [95% confidence interval (95% CI) 4, 42]; P < 0.0001) or glucocorticoid discontinuation (OR 19 [95% CI 3, 114]; P = 0.002). Of the 71 of 123 patients (57.7%) who received glucocorticoids at study entry, 27 (38.0%) discontinued glucocorticoids and 21 (29.6%) reached a dose of <0.2 mg/kg/day, with no difference between those with and those without fever; 13 patients (10.6%) tolerated a sustained canakinumab dose reduction to 2 mg/kg every 4 weeks. No new safety findings were observed. CONCLUSION: Canakinumab provided rapid and sustained improvement of active systemic JIA irrespective of the presence of fever at treatment initiation.

2.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2020 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638251

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study on juvenile SLE patients aimed to evaluate retrospectively the impact of a tertiary center's management policy of the disease severity on its long-term progression and cumulative damage development as well as provision of quality-driven medical care (QmC). METHODS: Disease activity was assessed by the Physician Global Assessment and SLEDAI-2K, flares by SELENA/SLEDAI, and damage by the pediatric SLICC/DI at diagnosis, 6 months post-diagnosis, and annually thereafter. At the same time, QmC was evaluated by relevant indices and quality of life was captured by the Greek version of the General Health Questionnaire only at the last visit. RESULTS: A total of 35 patients (25/35 females) aged at diagnosis 5.5-15.16 years (median 11.83) with a median lag time to diagnosis 1.8 months had a follow-up of 5 (35/35) and 10 years (13/35), respectively. The predominant baseline manifestations were consistent with those previously reported. Out of 35 patients, 24 (68.5%) were clinically inactive at year 5, and 5/13 (38%) at year 10. All patients received immunosuppressives and 7/35 biologics in addition. At the end of their follow-up, damage was found in 9/35 patients, but none of them had a neuropsychiatric disorder. Over the study, 28/35 patients were compliant with the QmC recommendations. CONCLUSIONS: An early diagnosis combined with a longitudinal quantitative assessment of the disease activity and severity contributes to the continuous evaluation of the disease state. They are the key determinants for the selection of an early, targeted, and personalized management; they restrict the cumulative damage development and contribute to an optimal outcome. Key Points • Juvenile SLE has a heavier introductory profile than in adults and an unpredictable trajectory. • The application of contemporary metric tools for assessing the disease state leads to an objective assessment and regimen selection. • An early diagnosis combined with longitudinal quantitative assessment is a key determinant for an optimal management and a minimal damage development.

3.
Mediterr J Rheumatol ; 31(2): 230-234, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32676564

RESUMO

Background: The programmed cell death protein-1 (PD-1) and its ligands (PD-L 1 and 2) suppress immune responses, thus promoting self-tolerance. Among the immunomodulatory cells, acting through the PD-1 pathway, are the B-regulatory cells (Bregs). The role of the PD-1 pathway in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) has not been adequately studied. Aims of the study: To investigate the immunophenotypic profile of T- and B-cells and the activity of the PD-1 pathway in JIA patients. More specifically, we will examine the levels of: a) the soluble form of PD-1 (sPD-1), b) Bregs; and the expression levels of: c) PD-1 on CD4+ and CD8+ T-cells, d) PD-L1 on Bregs and CD19+ B-cells, in blood and synovial fluid samples, at various stages of the disease (onset, relapse, remission, on or off treatment). The above biomarkers will be investigated for correlation with JIA activity. Methods: A case-control study of JIA patients (expected number: 60) and healthy controls (n: 20). Total expected number of samples: 100 of peripheral blood, 120 of serum (solely for soluble markers) and 60 of synovial fluid. The patients' demographic data and treatment will be recorded. JIA will be classified according to the ILAR and the recently proposed PReS/PRINTO criteria. JIA activity will be assessed using the JADAS-10 tool. The biomarkers will be determined using multiparametric-polychromatic flow cytometry (quintuple fluorescence protocol) and immunoenzymatic assay ELISA. Anticipated benefits: Further elucidation of the immunophenotypic expression and variation of the abovementioned molecules and cells during active inflammation and remission in JIA. Thereby, the present study is expected to contribute to: a) the modern research and understanding of the confirmed immune dysfunction at the cellular level, which leads to the development of serious autoimmune diseases in childhood, such as JIA, and b) the search for biomarkers that could be targets of early "intelligent" treatment and thereby could support the implementation of precision-medicine. The early diagnosis and targeted treatment of JIA are crucial for the maintenance of normal physical functioning and the psychosocial balance of the still growing adolescent/child.

4.
Rheumatol Int ; 40(6): 941-949, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32322980

RESUMO

To describe the profile of Enthesitis Related Arthritis' (ERA) patients, in the era of biologic DMARDs (bDMARDs). This retrospective cohort study included patients with ERA monitored on a 3-month schedule for at least 1 year. Their metric assessment included the disease status and damage by applying the contemporary tools clinical-Juvenile Arthritis Disease Activity Score (c-JADAS), Juvenile Spondyloarthritis Disease Activity Index (JSpADA), clinical remission (CR) on/off medication and Juvenile Arthritis Damage Index (JADI). 43 patients (males 26) were enrolled, with a mean disease onset of 10.75 years. Median lag time from diagnosis to bDMARDs was 8.5 months. Patients with sacroiliitis received earlier bDMARDs (hazard ratio, HR 3.26). 36/43 patients achieved CR on medication (median time 11 months), which was correlated with compliance (HR: 3.62). The percentage of CR in patients with or without sacroiliitis was 35% and 63% respectively (p = 0.02). Twenty patients (47%) experienced a flare following CR (75%). The median flare-free survival following CR on/off medication was 42 and 34 months, respectively. At the last evaluation, both median baseline cJADAS and JSpADA dropped to 0, 13/43 patients had a persistent disease activity, while 17/43 and 13/43 patients were in CR on/off medication, respectively. The median patient percentage of CR was 54% and no patient had a JADI > 0. Increased lag time to bDMARDs was associated with increased CR (Odds ratio: 1.48). Early administration of bDMARDs and compliance improved long-term outcome of ERA. Sacroiliitis was a negative prognostic factor with an increased need for bDMARDs and diminished rates of CR.

5.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(6): 713-723, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32220834

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To update the 2012 EULAR/ERA-EDTA recommendations for the management of lupus nephritis (LN). METHODS: Following the EULAR standardised operating procedures, a systematic literature review was performed. Members of a multidisciplinary Task Force voted independently on their level of agreeement with the formed statements. RESULTS: The changes include recommendations for treatment targets, use of glucocorticoids and calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) and management of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD). The target of therapy is complete response (proteinuria <0.5-0.7 g/24 hours with (near-)normal glomerular filtration rate) by 12 months, but this can be extended in patients with baseline nephrotic-range proteinuria. Hydroxychloroquine is recommended with regular ophthalmological monitoring. In active proliferative LN, initial (induction) treatment with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF 2-3 g/day or mycophenolic acid (MPA) at equivalent dose) or low-dose intravenous cyclophosphamide (CY; 500 mg × 6 biweekly doses), both combined with glucocorticoids (pulses of intravenous methylprednisolone, then oral prednisone 0.3-0.5 mg/kg/day) is recommended. MMF/CNI (especially tacrolimus) combination and high-dose CY are alternatives, for patients with nephrotic-range proteinuria and adverse prognostic factors. Subsequent long-term maintenance treatment with MMF or azathioprine should follow, with no or low-dose (<7.5 mg/day) glucocorticoids. The choice of agent depends on the initial regimen and plans for pregnancy. In non-responding disease, switch of induction regimens or rituximab are recommended. In pure membranous LN with nephrotic-range proteinuria or proteinuria >1 g/24 hours despite renin-angiotensin-aldosterone blockade, MMF in combination with glucocorticoids is preferred. Assessment for kidney and extra-renal disease activity, and management of comorbidities is lifelong with repeat kidney biopsy in cases of incomplete response or nephritic flares. In ESKD, transplantation is the preferred kidney replacement option with immunosuppression guided by transplant protocols and/or extra-renal manifestations. Treatment of LN in children follows the same principles as adult disease. CONCLUSIONS: We have updated the EULAR recommendations for the management of LN to facilitate homogenization of patient care.


Assuntos
Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Nefrite Lúpica/tratamento farmacológico , Sociedades Médicas , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Azatioprina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Calcineurina/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Europa (Continente) , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Falência Renal Crônica/etiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Nefrite Lúpica/complicações , Nefrite Lúpica/patologia , Nefrite Lúpica/fisiopatologia , Ácido Micofenólico/uso terapêutico , Proteinúria/etiologia , Proteinúria/terapia
6.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) ; 72(10): 1420-1430, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421019

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate safety and effectiveness of adalimumab (ADA) in polyarticular-course juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) in the STRIVE registry. METHODS: STRIVE enrolled patients with polyarticular-course JIA into 2 arms based on treatment with methotrexate (MTX) alone or ADA with/without MTX (ADA ± MTX). Adverse events (AEs) per 100 patient-years of observation time were analyzed by registry arm. Patients who entered the registry within 4 weeks of starting MTX or ADA ± MTX, defined as new users, were evaluated for change in disease activity assessed by the 27-joint Juvenile Arthritis Disease Activity Score with the C-reactive protein level (JADAS-27CRP ). RESULTS: At the 7-year cutoff date (June 1, 2016), data from 838 patients were available (MTX arm n = 301, ADA ± MTX arm n = 537). The most common AEs were nausea (10.3%), sinusitis (4.7%), and vomiting (4.3%) in the MTX arm and arthritis (3.9%), upper respiratory tract infection (3.5%), sinusitis, tonsillitis, and injection site pain (3.0% each) in the ADA ± MTX arm. Rates of serious infection were 1.5 events/100 patient-years in the MTX arm and 2.0 events/100 patient-years in the ADA ± MTX arm. AE and serious AE rates were similar in patients receiving ADA with versus without MTX. No deaths or malignancies were reported. New users in the ADA ± MTX arm showed a trend toward lower mean JADAS-27CRP compared with new users in the MTX arm in the first year of STRIVE. CONCLUSION: The STRIVE registry 7-year interim results support the idea that ADA ± MTX is well tolerated by most children. Registry median ADA exposure was 2.47 (interquartile range 1.0-3.6) years, with 42% of patients continuing ADA at the 7-year cutoff date.


Assuntos
Adalimumab/uso terapêutico , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Juvenil/tratamento farmacológico , Sistema de Registros , Adolescente , Artrite Juvenil/complicações , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Uveíte/tratamento farmacológico , Uveíte/etiologia
7.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(8): 1079-1089, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31167757

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) diagnosis and treatment remain empirical and the molecular basis for its heterogeneity elusive. We explored the genomic basis for disease susceptibility and severity. METHODS: mRNA sequencing and genotyping in blood from 142 patients with SLE and 58 healthy volunteers. Abundances of cell types were assessed by CIBERSORT and cell-specific effects by interaction terms in linear models. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were used to train classifiers (linear discriminant analysis) of SLE versus healthy individuals in 80% of the dataset and were validated in the remaining 20% running 1000 iterations. Transcriptome/genotypes were integrated by expression-quantitative trail loci (eQTL) analysis; tissue-specific genetic causality was assessed by regulatory trait concordance (RTC). RESULTS: SLE has a 'susceptibility signature' present in patients in clinical remission, an 'activity signature' linked to genes that regulate immune cell metabolism, protein synthesis and proliferation, and a 'severity signature' best illustrated in active nephritis, enriched in druggable granulocyte and plasmablast/plasma-cell pathways. Patients with SLE have also perturbed mRNA splicing enriched in immune system and interferon signalling genes. A novel transcriptome index distinguished active versus inactive disease-but not low disease activity-and correlated with disease severity. DEGs discriminate SLE versus healthy individuals with median sensitivity 86% and specificity 92% suggesting a potential use in diagnostics. Combined eQTL analysis from the Genotype Tissue Expression (GTEx) project and SLE-associated genetic polymorphisms demonstrates that susceptibility variants may regulate gene expression in the blood but also in other tissues. CONCLUSION: Specific gene networks confer susceptibility to SLE, activity and severity, and may facilitate personalised care.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Predisposição Genética para Doença/epidemiologia , Interferon Tipo I/genética , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/genética , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Variação Genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Valores de Referência , Transcriptoma/genética , Adulto Jovem
8.
Clin Rheumatol ; 38(9): 2577-2584, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31127463

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVES: Familial Mediterranean Fever is the most common autoinflammatory disease. As chronic inflammation may result in increased arterial stiffness, we aimed to investigate indices of arterial stiffness in patients with Familial Mediterranean Fever and their associations with disease-related factors and colchicine treatment. METHOD: The study was conducted with 43 patients with Familial Mediterranean Fever, including 30 children, in attack free period and 42 healthy controls. Arterial stiffness was assessed by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity and augmentation index. RESULTS: Patients with Familial Mediterranean Fever presented similar carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity values to controls, but significantly higher augmentation index values (patients versus controls, 19.76% and 9.96%, P < 0.05). Augmentation index, adjusted for age and sex, was associated with complete response compared with partial response to treatment (B = - 17.78, 95% CI - 31.17 to - 4.40, P < 0.05) and the presence of M694V.M680I genotype (B = - 16.75, 95% CI - 33.81 to 0.30, P = 0.05). Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity presented an inverse relationship with colchicine treatment duration (B = - 0.003, 95% CI - 0.006 to - 0.00, P < 0.05). Pulse wave velocity values adjusted for age and systolic blood pressure were associated with attack frequency (B = 0.48, 95% CI 0.01 to 0.96, P < 0.05). Addition of colchicine treatment duration to the model attenuated the association between carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity and attack frequency supporting the protective role of colchicine. CONCLUSIONS: The normal values of carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity in Familial Mediterranean Fever patients may reflect the compliance to colchicine treatment, which seems to have a protective role against arterial stiffness. However, the increased values of augmentation index need further investigation. KEY POINTS: • FMF patients are prone to present increased cardiovascular risk possibly due to inflammation. • Colchicine treatment may have protective role against arterial stiffness in FMF. • The normal values of cf-PWV in FMF patients may reflect the compliance to colchicine.


Assuntos
Colchicina/uso terapêutico , Febre Familiar do Mediterrâneo/fisiopatologia , Moduladores de Tubulina/uso terapêutico , Rigidez Vascular/fisiologia , Adolescente , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Febre Familiar do Mediterrâneo/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Adulto Jovem
9.
Lancet Child Adolesc Health ; 3(4): 255-263, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30819662

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To our knowledge, the characteristics and burden of childhood arthritis have never been studied on a worldwide basis. We aimed to investigate, with a cross-sectional study, the prevalence of disease categories, treatment methods, and disease status in patients from across different geographical areas and from countries with diverse wealth status. METHODS: In this multinational, cross-sectional, observational cohort study, we asked international paediatric rheumatologists from specialised centres to enrol children with a diagnosis of juvenile idiopathic arthritis, according to International League of Associations for Rheumatology criteria, who were seen consecutively for a period of 6 months. Each patient underwent retrospective and cross-sectional assessments, including measures of disease activity and damage and questionnaires on the wellbeing and quality of life of the children. We qualitatively compared the collected data across eight geographical areas, and we explored an association between disease activity and damage and a country's gross domestic product (GDP) with a multiple logistic regression analysis. FINDINGS: Between April 4, 2011, and Nov 21, 2016, 9081 patients were enrolled at 130 centres in 49 countries, grouped into eight geographical areas. Systemic arthritis (125 [33·0%] of 379 patients) and enthesitis-related arthritis (113 [29·8%] of 379) were more common in southeast Asia, whereas oligoarthritis was more prevalent in southern Europe (1360 [56·7%] of 2400) and rheumatoid factor-negative polyarthritis was more frequent in North America (165 [31·5%] of 523) than in the other areas. Prevalence of uveitis was highest in northern Europe (161 [19·1%] of 845 patients) and southern Europe (450 [18·8%] of 2400) and lowest in Latin America (54 [6·4%] of 849), Africa and Middle East (71 [5·9%] of 1209), and southeast Asia (19 [5·0%] of 379). Median age at disease onset was lower in southern Europe (3·5 years, IQR 1·9-7·3) than in other regions. Biological, disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs were prescribed more frequently in northern Europe and North America than in other geographical settings. Patients living in countries with lower GDP had greater disease activity and damage than those living in wealthier countries. Damage was associated with referral delay. INTERPRETATION: Our study documents a variability in prevalence of disease phenotypes and disparities in therapeutic choices and outcomes across geographical areas and wealth status of countries. The greater disease burden in lower-resource settings highlights the need for public health efforts aimed at improving equity in access to effective treatments and care for juvenile idiopathic arthritis. FUNDING: IRCCS Istituto Giannina Gaslini.


Assuntos
Artrite Juvenil/classificação , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Qualidade de Vida , Antirreumáticos/economia , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Juvenil/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Juvenil/epidemiologia , Variação Biológica da População , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Saúde Global , Humanos , Masculino , Medição da Dor , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(11): 1599-1605, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30077992

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Autoinflammatory diseases can cause irreversible tissue damage due to systemic inflammation. Recently, the Autoinflammatory Disease Damage Index (ADDI) was developed. The ADDI is the first instrument to quantify damage in familial Mediterranean fever, cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes, mevalonate kinase deficiency and tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome. The aim of this study was to validate this tool for its intended use in a clinical/research setting. METHODS: The ADDI was scored on paper clinical cases by at least three physicians per case, independently of each other. Face and content validity were assessed by requesting comments on the ADDI. Reliability was tested by calculating the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) using an 'observer-nested-within-subject' design. Construct validity was determined by correlating the ADDI score to the Physician Global Assessment (PGA) of damage and disease activity. Redundancy of individual items was determined with Cronbach's alpha. RESULTS: The ADDI was validated on a total of 110 paper clinical cases by 37 experts in autoinflammatory diseases. This yielded an ICC of 0.84 (95% CI 0.78 to 0.89). The ADDI score correlated strongly with PGA-damage (r=0.92, 95% CI 0.88 to 0.95) and was not strongly influenced by disease activity (r=0.395, 95% CI 0.21 to 0.55). After comments from disease experts, some item definitions were refined. The interitem correlation in all different categories was lower than 0.7, indicating that there was no redundancy between individual damage items. CONCLUSION: The ADDI is a reliable and valid instrument to quantify damage in individual patients and can be used to compare disease outcomes in clinical studies.


Assuntos
Doenças Hereditárias Autoinflamatórias/diagnóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Simulação por Computador , Síndromes Periódicas Associadas à Criopirina/complicações , Síndromes Periódicas Associadas à Criopirina/diagnóstico , Febre Familiar do Mediterrâneo/complicações , Febre Familiar do Mediterrâneo/diagnóstico , Doenças Hereditárias Autoinflamatórias/complicações , Humanos , Deficiência de Mevalonato Quinase/complicações , Deficiência de Mevalonato Quinase/diagnóstico , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Sistema de Registros , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Adulto Jovem
12.
Rheumatol Int ; 38(7): 1241-1250, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29845429

RESUMO

To assess longitudinally the course and outcome of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) in patients diagnosed and followed-up exclusively in the biologic era; also, to define possible predictors of the disease progression and need for early implementation of biologicals. Prospective and retrospective, monocentric cohort study of 120 JIA patients, diagnosed between 2001 and 2010, and followed-up for ≥ 4 years (median 8.04). Disease activity, cumulative articular/extra-articular damage and quality of life were evaluated by the assessment tools Juvenile Arthritis Disease Activity Score (JADAS71), Juvenile Arthritis Damage Index (JADI) and Childhood Health Assessment Questionnaire (CHAQ), respectively. Moreover, potential predictors of the disease progression and their relation to biologic therapy were investigated. High JADAS71 score (> 9) at diagnosis was indicative of progression to polyarticular course and the need for early introduction of biologic treatment. Other independent predictors of progression to polyarthritis, were: involvement of upper limb, hip and ankle within 6 months following JIA diagnosis and percentage of cumulative time with active disease > 35% within the first year. At the end of the study, both the median JADAS71 score and the Disability Index were significantly lower than the initial (p < 0.001) and remission off medication was achieved in 25% of the patients. Articular and extra-articular (only ocular) cumulative damage was demonstrated only in 5 and 7.5% of patients, respectively. Physical functional ability was found normal/mildly restricted in 93.3% and moderately restricted in 6.7% of the patients. We believe that these findings, fit in with a picture of JIA course and outcome under current conditions of objective "disease status" evaluation and of tightly controlled follow-up. Predictors emerged from our study could contribute to the identification of patients who will need early implementation of biologic treatment.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Juvenil/terapia , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Criança , Avaliação da Deficiência , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
13.
Rheumatol Int ; 38(Suppl 1): 219-226, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29637326

RESUMO

The Juvenile Arthritis Multidimensional Assessment Report (JAMAR) is a new parent/patient-reported outcome measure that enables a thorough assessment of the disease status in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). We report the results of the cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the parent and patient versions of the JAMAR in the Greek language. The reading comprehension of the questionnaire was tested in 10 JIA parents and patients. Each participating centre was asked to collect demographics, clinical data, and the JAMAR from 100 consecutive JIA patients or all consecutive patients seen in a 6-month period and to administer the JAMAR to 100 healthy children and their parents. The statistical validation phase explored descriptive statistics and the psychometric issues of the JAMAR: the three Likert assumptions, floor/ceiling effects, internal consistency, Cronbach's alpha, interscale correlations, test-retest reliability, and construct validity (convergent and discriminant validity). The Greek JAMAR was fully cross-culturally adapted with two forward and three backward translations. A total of 272 JIA patients (5.9% systemic, 57.7% oligoarticular, 21.3% RF negative poly-arthritis, 15.1% other categories), and 100 healthy children were enrolled in all centres. The JAMAR components discriminated well-healthy subjects from JIA patients; notably, there was no significant difference between healthy subjects and their affected peers in psychosocial quality of life and school-related items. All JAMAR components revealed good psychometric performances. In conclusion, the Greek version of the JAMAR is a valid tool for the assessment of children with JIA and is suitable for use both in routine clinical practice and in clinical research.


Assuntos
Artrite Juvenil/diagnóstico , Avaliação da Deficiência , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Reumatologia/métodos , Adolescente , Idade de Início , Artrite Juvenil/fisiopatologia , Artrite Juvenil/psicologia , Artrite Juvenil/terapia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Características Culturais , Feminino , Grécia , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pais/psicologia , Pacientes/psicologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Psicometria , Qualidade de Vida , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tradução
14.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 56(11): 1928-1938, 2017 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29088453

RESUMO

Objectives: To describe the disease characteristics, continuous course and long-term outcome and to evaluate predictors of outcome in JIA in Greece. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort analysis of 17 years' prospective data on JIA. Outcome assessment included radiographic (modified Sharp-van der Heidje score), articular and extra-articular damage (Juvenile Arthritis Damage Index), functional ability (HAQ Disability Index), and the cumulative percentage time spent in a state of active disease and also in clinical remission off medication (CR) (according to Wallace's criteria). Results: One hundred and two (72 females) patients under regular follow-up were enrolled. The disease age of onset [mean (SD)] was 7.7 (4) years, the interval from onset to last visit was 17.2 (6.7) years and the patients' current age was 25 (5.9) years. At the last follow-up visit, 53 patients (52%) had disease activity, while 23.5% were in CR. The cumulative percentage time spent in a state of active disease and CR over the disease course was 52.6 and 17.8%, respectively. Polyarticular subtype of onset and longer disease activity during the first 5 years were independent predictors of worse outcome. Additional telephone-based interviews of 205 former JIA patients who had been lost to follow-up as adults were performed to extend the interpretation of our findings to a broader JIA population. Almost half (47.6%) of the total cohort of 307 patients were found to be in CR at the final evaluation and 69.7% had no disability. Conclusion: The available data indicate that JIA as a whole is a heterogeneous disease with significant variability in course and long-term outcome.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Artrite Juvenil/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Anticorpos Antinucleares/imunologia , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Juvenil/complicações , Artrite Juvenil/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Juvenil/imunologia , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Proteína C-Reativa/imunologia , Estudos de Coortes , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Grécia , Humanos , Masculino , Peptídeos Cíclicos/imunologia , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Uveíte/etiologia , Uveíte/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
15.
Mol Med Rep ; 16(6): 8793-8798, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28990043

RESUMO

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is an autoimmune disease that is characterized by persistent chronic arthritis and affected by genetic and environmental factors. Different genetic variations have been reported as risk factors for JIA. However, given that many results could not be replicated in individuals of different ancestral origin, it was assumed that heterogeneous genetic factors are involved in this disease. In the present study, we analyzed three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), namely PTPRC (rs10919563), TYK2 (rs34536443) and PRKCQ (rs4750316), which were found to be associated with JIA in previous studies. We also investigated whether the intron­4 located 27­bp VNTR of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), is associated with risk for JIA in Greece. In total, 125 JIA patients and 221 healthy controls from northern Greece were included in the study as a sample set. Samples were then analyzed, and genotyped for the three SNPs with TaqMan primer­probe sets, using a Real­Time PCR platform (ViiA™ 7 Real­Time PCR system), while eNOS VNTR polymorphism was genotyped by PCR. Statistical analysis was performed using a GraphPad Prism statistical program. The χ2 test was used to examine differences of genotype and allele frequencies between patients and controls. Statistical significance was defined by using the two­tailed P<0.05 test. Bioinformatics analysis was conducted by using BlastP, Pymol, Maestro and Desmond. In the case­control association study performed, eNOS only was found to be associated with JIA. Genotype a/a and allele 'a' were found in a higher frequency in JIA patients than in controls [p<0.0001, odds ratio (OR)=0.15, 95% confidence intervals (CI): 0.065­0.37; and p<0.0001, OR=0.34, 95% CI: 0.23­0.49, respectively]. No associations with JIA were detected for TYK2, PTPRC or PRKCQ. Aiming to investigate the structural consequences and the structure/function relationships accompanying the Pro1104 to Ala (rs34536443) mutation on TYK2 protein, bioinformatics analysis was performed. Combining three­dimensional (3D)­modeling and molecular dynamics simulations we identified changes in structural flexibility, affecting the functionality of the kinase domain of TYK2. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that eNOS VNTR polymorphism is associated with susceptibility to JIA, suggesting a differential role of allele 'a' in various complex diseases. The current data emphasize the importance of comparative studies in populations of a different ancestral background towards the clarification of the role of specific alleles in the development of JIA.


Assuntos
Artrite Juvenil/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética , Loci Gênicos , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Alelos , Artrite Juvenil/diagnóstico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Humanos , Repetições Minissatélites , Modelos Moleculares , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/química , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Conformação Proteica , TYK2 Quinase/química , TYK2 Quinase/genética
16.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 12(1): 167, 2017 10 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29047407

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hereditary recurrent fevers (HRF) are a group of rare monogenic diseases leading to recurrent inflammatory flares. A large number of variants has been described for the four genes associated with the best known HRF, namely MEFV, NLRP3, MVK, TNFRSF1A. The Infevers database ( http://fmf.igh.cnrs.fr/ISSAID/infevers ) is a large international registry collecting variants reported in these genes. However, no genotype-phenotype associations are provided, but only the clinical phenotype of the first patient(s) described for each mutation. The aim of this study is to develop a registry of genotype-phenotype associations observed in patients with HRF, enrolled and validated in the Eurofever registry. RESULTS: Genotype-phenotype associations observed in all the patients with HRF enrolled in the Eurofever registry were retrospectively analyzed. For autosomal dominant diseases (CAPS and TRAPS), all mutations were individually analyzed. For autosomal recessive diseases (FMF and MKD), homozygous and heterozygous combinations were described. Mean age of onset, disease course (recurrent or chronic), mean duration of fever episodes, clinical manifestations associated with fever episodes, atypical manifestations, complications and response to treatment were also studied. Data observed in 751 patients (346 FMF, 133 CAPS, 114 MKD, 158 TRAPS) included in the Eurofever registry and validated by experts were summarized in Tables. A total of 149 variants were described: 46 TNFRSF1A and 27 NLRP3 variants, as well as various combinations of 48 MVK and 28 MEFV variants were available. CONCLUSIONS: We provide a potentially useful tool for physicians dealing with HRF, namely a registry of genotype-phenotype associations for patients enrolled in the Eurofever registry. This tool is complementary to the Infevers database and will be available at the Eurofever and Infevers websites.


Assuntos
Estudos de Associação Genética , Doenças Hereditárias Autoinflamatórias/epidemiologia , Doenças Hereditárias Autoinflamatórias/genética , Sistema de Registros , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
World J Pediatr ; 13(5): 472-478, 2017 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28646434

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the performance of the Quantiferon®-TB Gold In-Tube (QFT-IT) interferon (IFN)-γ assay for the detection of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in children receiving anti-rheumatic treatment in a tertiary referral hospital of Northern Greece. METHODS: A total of 79 consecutive children receiving anti-rheumatic treatment [of which 18 screened prior to antitumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α treatment] were tested using Mantoux tuberculin skin test (TST) and QFT-IT. Association of both tests with risk factors for latent tuberculosis and Bacillus Calmette-Guerin immunization was determined. Influence of age, TNF-α inhibitors, systemic corticosteroids, conventional disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and total duration of therapy on the QFT-IT mitogen-induced response was evaluated. RESULTS: Agreement between TST and QFT-IT results was moderate (k=0.38). Frequency of QFT-IT indeterminate results was low (2.5%). In patients with risk factors for LTBI, the odds of a positive IFN-γ assay was increased by a factor of 27.6 (P=0.002), whereas there was no positive TST. There was a significant difference in the mitogen-induced IFN-γ secretion among various treatments (P=0.038). TNF-α inhibitors were associated with increased mitogen-induced IFN-γ secretion compared to monotherapy with conventional DMARDs (P=0.008). All children screened prior to anti-TNF-α treatment exhibited a negative QFT-IT and no active TB disease was detected during a 2-year follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: QFT-IT may be a more reliable test than TST for detection of LTBI in children with rheumatic diseases receiving anti-rheumatic treatment. Drug regimen might influence the mitogen-induced IFN-γ secretion and the effect of TNF-α inhibitors might vary according to the specific agent administered.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Interferon gama/sangue , Tuberculose Latente/sangue , Tuberculose Latente/diagnóstico , Criança , Feminino , Testes Hematológicos/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Teste Tuberculínico
18.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 76(5): 821-830, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27811147

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Autoinflammatory diseases cause systemic inflammation that can result in damage to multiple organs. A validated instrument is essential to quantify damage in individual patients and to compare disease outcomes in clinical studies. Currently, there is no such tool. Our objective was to develop a common autoinflammatory disease damage index (ADDI) for familial Mediterranean fever, cryopyrin-associated periodic syndromes, tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic fever syndrome and mevalonate kinase deficiency. METHODS: We developed the ADDI by consensus building. The top 40 enrollers of patients in the Eurofever Registry and 9 experts from the Americas participated in multiple rounds of online surveys to select items and definitions. Further, 22 (parents of) patients rated damage items and suggested new items. A consensus meeting was held to refine the items and definitions, which were then formally weighted in a scoring system derived using decision-making software, known as 1000minds. RESULTS: More than 80% of the experts and patients completed the online surveys. The preliminary ADDI contains 18 items, categorised in the following eight organ systems: reproductive, renal/amyloidosis, developmental, serosal, neurological, ears, ocular and musculoskeletal damage. The categories renal/amyloidosis and neurological damage were assigned the highest number of points, serosal damage the lowest number of points. The involvement of (parents of) patients resulted in the inclusion of, for example, chronic musculoskeletal pain. CONCLUSIONS: An instrument to measure damage caused by autoinflammatory diseases is developed based on consensus building. Patients fulfilled a significant role in this process.


Assuntos
Febre/complicações , Doenças Hereditárias Autoinflamatórias/complicações , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Consenso , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
19.
Lancet ; 387(10019): 671-8, 2016 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26645190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most data for treatment of dermatomyositis and juvenile dermatomyositis are from anecdotal, non-randomised case series. We aimed to compare, in a randomised trial, the efficacy and safety of prednisone alone with that of prednisone plus either methotrexate or ciclosporin in children with new-onset juvenile dermatomyositis. METHODS: We did a randomised trial at 54 centres in 22 countries. We enrolled patients aged 18 years or younger with new-onset juvenile dermatomyositis who had received no previous treatment and did not have cutaneous or gastrointestinal ulceration. We randomly allocated 139 patients via a computer-based system to prednisone alone or in combination with either ciclosporin or methotrexate. We did not mask patients or investigators to treatment assignments. Our primary outcomes were the proportion of patients achieving a juvenile dermatomyositis PRINTO 20 level of improvement (20% improvement in three of six core set variables at 6 months), time to clinical remission, and time to treatment failure. We compared the three treatment groups with the Kruskal-Wallis test and Friedman's test, and we analysed survival with Kaplan-Meier curves and the log-rank test. Analysis was by intention to treat. Here, we present results after at least 2 years of treatment (induction and maintenance phases). This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00323960. FINDINGS: Between May 31, 2006, and Nov 12, 2010, 47 patients were randomly assigned prednisone alone, 46 were allocated prednisone plus ciclosporin, and 46 were randomised prednisone plus methotrexate. Median duration of follow-up was 35.5 months. At month 6, 24 (51%) of 47 patients assigned prednisone, 32 (70%) of 46 allocated prednisone plus ciclosporin, and 33 (72%) of 46 administered prednisone plus methotrexate achieved a juvenile dermatomyositis PRINTO 20 improvement (p=0.0228). Median time to clinical remission was 41.9 months in patients assigned prednisone plus methotrexate but was not observable in the other two treatment groups (2.45 fold [95% CI 1.2-5.0] increase with prednisone plus methotrexate; p=0.012). Median time to treatment failure was 16.7 months in patients allocated prednisone, 53.3 months in those assigned prednisone plus ciclosporin, but was not observable in patients randomised to prednisone plus methotrexate (1.95 fold [95% CI 1.20-3.15] increase with prednisone; p=0.009). Median time to prednisone discontinuation was 35.8 months with prednisone alone compared with 29.4-29.7 months in the combination groups (p=0.002). A significantly greater proportion of patients assigned prednisone plus ciclosporin had adverse events, affecting the skin and subcutaneous tissues, gastrointestinal system, and general disorders. Infections and infestations were significantly increased in patients assigned prednisone plus ciclosporin and prednisone plus methotrexate. No patients died during the study. INTERPRETATION: Combined treatment with prednisone and either ciclosporin or methotrexate was more effective than prednisone alone. The safety profile and steroid-sparing effect favoured the combination of prednisone plus methotrexate. FUNDING: Italian Agency of Drug Evaluation, Istituto Giannina Gaslini (Genoa, Italy), Myositis Association (USA).


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem , Ciclosporina/administração & dosagem , Fármacos Dermatológicos/administração & dosagem , Dermatomiosite/tratamento farmacológico , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Análise de Variância , Anti-Inflamatórios/efeitos adversos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ciclosporina/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Dermatológicos/efeitos adversos , Esquema de Medicação , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Metotrexato/efeitos adversos , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Rheumatol Int ; 35(7): 1225-32, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25586653

RESUMO

The improved survival of childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (cSLE) has resulted in longer patients' exposure to disease inflammation, medications and/or comorbid diseases, which can all contribute to the development of organ damage. The aim of this study was to assess the evolution of damage accrual in cSLE patients overtime and investigate for predisposing factors. Disease characteristics and treatment in 47 Northern Greek Caucasian cSLE patients were retrospectively reviewed. The Systemic Lupus International Collaboration Clinics/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index (SDI) was used for damage assessment and the European Consensus Lupus Activity Measurement (ECLAM) to monitor cSLE activity. After a median disease duration of 7.4 years, 17/47 patients (36 %) had developed damage (SDI > 0). The most frequent domains damaged were the ocular (41 %), neuropsychiatric (35 %) and peripheral vascular (35 %) one. Peripheral vascular and neuropsychiatric damage was seen more frequently during the first 5 years of the disease. Longer exposure to azathioprine was associated with higher SDI at the end of follow-up (ß = 0.008 for every additional month of use, p = 0.041). The mean annual flare frequency was associated with a shorter time interval until the development of the first damage (hazard's ratio, HR 2.38 for each unit of increase, p = 0.018), while hydroxychloroquine use was associated with longer time interval (HR 0.19, p = 0.007). The lower rates of damage accrual in this study compared to other cohorts might be due to milder disease phenotype in Greek Caucasian cSLE patients, prompt diagnosis and effective disease control. Damage was noticed early in the disease course, and one-third of patients had an SDI > 0 at study completion. Disease flares and a severe disease course leading to prolonged use of immunosuppressives were significant risk factors, while hydroxychloroquine use was protective against cSLE damage accrual.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/etnologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idade de Início , Criança , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Grécia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Estudos Longitudinais , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Fenótipo , Fatores de Proteção , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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