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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34364946

RESUMO

Dysfunction of the right ventricle (RV) is common in patients with advanced left-sided valve disease and the significant impact of RV dysfunction on both short and long-term outcome is well established. However, considerations of RV function are largely absent in current management guidelines for valve disease and cardiac procedural risk models. As the indications and use of trans-catheter therapies rapidly expand for patients with acquired valvular disease, it is critical for clinicians to understand and consider RV function when making decisions for these patients. This review summarizes contemporary data on the assessment of RV function, the prognostic importance of baseline RV dysfunction on surgical and transcatheter procedures for acquired left-sided valvular disease, and the relative impact of these interventions on RV function. Baseline RV dysfunction is a powerful predictor of poor short- and long-term outcome after any therapeutic intervention for acquired left-sided cardiac valve disease. Surgical intervention for aortic or mitral valve disease is associated with a significant but transient decline in RV function, whereas trans-catheter procedures generally do not appear to have detrimental effects on either longitudinal or global RV function. Guidelines for therapy in patents with acquired left-sided valvular disease should account for RV dysfunction. Whereas surgical intervention in these patients leads to a predictable decline in RV function, trans-catheter therapies largely do not appear to have this effect. Further study is needed to determine the impact of these findings on current practice.

2.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 195, 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34243799

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intraoperative graft assessment with tools like Transit Time Flow Measurement (TTFM) is imperative for quality control in coronary surgery. We investigated the variation of TTFM parameters before and after protamine administration to identify new benchmark parameters for graft quality assessment. METHODS: The database of the REQUEST ("REgistry for QUality AssESsmenT with Ultrasound Imaging and TTFM in Cardiac Bypass Surgery") study was retrospectively reviewed. A per graft analysis was performed. Only single grafts (i.e., no sequential nor composite grafts) where both pre- and post-protamine TTFM values were recorded with an acoustical coupling index > 30% were included. Grafts with incomplete data and mixed grafts (arterio-venous) were excluded. A second analysis was performed including single grafts only in the same MAP range pre- and post- protamine administration. RESULTS: After adjusting for MAP, we found a small increase in MGF (29 mL/min to 30 mL/min, p = 0.009) and decrease in PI (2.3 to 2.2, p <  0.001) were observed after the administration of protamine. These changes were especially notable for venous conduits and for CABG procedures performed on-pump. CONCLUSION: The small changes in TTFM parameters observed before and after protamine administration seem to be clinically irrelevant, despite being statistically significant in aggregate. Our data do not support a need to perform TTFM measurements both before and after protamine administration. A single TTFM measurement taken either before or after protamine may suffice to achieve reliable data on each graft's performance. Depending on the specific clinical situation and intraoperative changes, more measurements may be informative. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trials Number: NCT02385344 , registered February 17th, 2015.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Circulação Coronária , Antagonistas de Heparina/uso terapêutico , Protaminas/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
3.
Nat Mater ; 20(11): 1559-1570, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34326506

RESUMO

Flexible electronic/optoelectronic systems that can intimately integrate onto the surfaces of vital organ systems have the potential to offer revolutionary diagnostic and therapeutic capabilities relevant to a wide spectrum of diseases and disorders. The critical interfaces between such technologies and living tissues must provide soft mechanical coupling and efficient optical/electrical/chemical exchange. Here, we introduce a functional adhesive bioelectronic-tissue interface material, in the forms of mechanically compliant, electrically conductive, and optically transparent encapsulating coatings, interfacial layers or supporting matrices. These materials strongly bond both to the surfaces of the devices and to those of different internal organs, with stable adhesion for several days to months, in chemistries that can be tailored to bioresorb at controlled rates. Experimental demonstrations in live animal models include device applications that range from battery-free optoelectronic systems for deep-brain optogenetics and subdermal phototherapy to wireless millimetre-scale pacemakers and flexible multielectrode epicardial arrays. These advances have immediate applicability across nearly all types of bioelectronic/optoelectronic system currently used in animal model studies, and they also have the potential for future treatment of life-threatening diseases and disorders in humans.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34166508

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Despite society guideline recommendations, intraoperative high-frequency ultrasound (HFUS) and transit-time flow measurement (TTFM) use in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) has not been widely adopted worldwide. This retrospective review of the REQUEST (REgistry for QUality assESsmenT with Ultrasound Imaging and TTFM in Cardiac Bypass Surgery) study assesses the impact of protocolled high-frequency ultrasound/TTFM use in specific technical circumstances of CABG. METHODS: Three REQUEST study sub-analyses were examined: (i) For off-pump (OPCAB) versus on-pump (ONCAB) procedures: strategy changes from preoperative plans for the aorta, conduits, coronary targets and graft revisions; and for all REQUEST patients, revision rates in: (ii) arterial versus venous grafts; and (iii) grafts to different cardiac territories. RESULTS: Four hundred and two (39.6%) of 1016 patients undergoing elective isolated CABG for multivessel disease underwent OPCAB procedures. Compared to ONCAB, OPCAB patients experienced more strategy changes regarding the aorta [14.7% vs 3.4%; odds ratios (OR) = 4.03; confidence interval (CI) = 2.32-7.20], less regarding conduits (0.2% vs 2.8%; OR = 0.09; CI = 0.01-0.56), with no differences in coronary target changes or graft revisions (4.1% vs 3.5%; OR = 1.19; CI = 0.78-1.81). In all REQUEST patients, revisions were more common for arterial versus venous grafts (4.7% vs 2.4%; OR = 2.05; CI = 1.29-3.37), and inferior versus anterior (5.1% vs 2.9%; OR = 1.77; CI = 1.08-2.89) and lateral (5.1% vs 2.8%; OR = 1.83; CI = 1.04-3.27) territory grafts. CONCLUSIONS: High-frequency ultrasound/TTFM use differentially impacts strategy changes and graft revision rates in different technical circumstances of CABG. Notably, patients undergoing OPCAB experienced 4 times more changes related to the ascending aorta than ONCAB patients. These findings may indicate where intraoperative assessment is most usefully applied. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02385344.

5.
Nat Biotechnol ; 39(10): 1228-1238, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34183859

RESUMO

Temporary cardiac pacemakers used in periods of need during surgical recovery involve percutaneous leads and externalized hardware that carry risks of infection, constrain patient mobility and may damage the heart during lead removal. Here we report a leadless, battery-free, fully implantable cardiac pacemaker for postoperative control of cardiac rate and rhythm that undergoes complete dissolution and clearance by natural biological processes after a defined operating timeframe. We show that these devices provide effective pacing of hearts of various sizes in mouse, rat, rabbit, canine and human cardiac models, with tailored geometries and operation timescales, powered by wireless energy transfer. This approach overcomes key disadvantages of traditional temporary pacing devices and may serve as the basis for the next generation of postoperative temporary pacing technology.


Assuntos
Implantes Absorvíveis , Marca-Passo Artificial , Animais , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/terapia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Cães , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Camundongos , Coelhos , Ratos , Tecnologia sem Fio
7.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34087238

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thymectomy is traditionally performed through a transsternal incision, but less invasive modalities have emerged, including transcervical, thoracoscopic, and robotic approaches. Despite the advantages of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) over thoracotomy, most thymectomies are performed through sternotomy. This study compared the use and 30-day postoperative outcomes of transsternal, transcervical, and VATS thymectomy in the Veterans Health Administration. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of veterans who underwent thymectomy through the Veterans Affairs Surgical Quality Improvement Program. Their 30-day outcomes were compared among techniques, by adjusting for confounding covariates. Temporal trends were analyzed using the Spearman' rank correlation coefficient, rho(ρ). RESULTS: From 2008 to 2019, 594 thymectomies were performed: 376 (63.3%) transsternal, 113 (19.0%) VATS (including robotic approaches), and 105 (17.7%) transcervical cases. VATS use increased from 0% in 2008 to 61% of case volume in 2019. Relative to the transsternal technique, VATS thymectomy was associated with decreased odds of pulmonary complications (adjusted odds ratio, 0.06; P = .028) and shorter hospital stay (2.9 ± 0.4 days shorter; P < .001). No difference in outcomes was detected between VATS and transcervical thymectomy. The postoperative complication rate decreased from 17.7% in 2008 to 5.6% in 2019 (ρ = -0.101; P = .014). Length of stay decreased from median 4 days in 2008 to 3 days in 2019 (ρ = -0.093; P = .026). In thymic cancer, VATS 5-year overall survival was noninferior to the transsternal approach (71.3% vs 74.6%; P = .54). CONCLUSIONS: The transsternal approach comprised most thymectomy cases in veterans, whereas VATS thymectomy use increased over time and was associated with favorable outcomes. The 30-day outcomes after thymectomy improved over time, which may reflect a trend toward wider use of less invasive approaches. Future studies should examine long-term outcomes.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34044463

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) offers reduced morbidity compared with open thoracotomy (OT) for pulmonary surgery. The use of VATS over time has increased, but at a modest rate in civilian populations. This study examines temporal trends in VATS use and compares outcomes between VATS and OT in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). METHODS: Patients who underwent pulmonary surgery (wedge or segmental resection, lobectomy, or pneumonectomy) at Veterans Affairs centers from 2008 to 2018 were retrospectively identified using the Veterans Affairs Surgical Quality Improvement Project database. The cohort was divided into OT and VATS and propensity score matched, taking into account the type of pulmonary resection, preoperative diagnosis, and comorbidities. Thirty-day postoperative outcomes were compared. The prevalence of VATS use and respective complications over time was also analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 16,895 patients were identified, with 5,748 per group after propensity matching. VATS had significantly lower rates of morbidity and a 2-day reduction in hospital stay. Whereas 76% of lung resections were performed open in 2008, nearly 70% of procedures were performed using VATS in 2018. While VATS was associated with an 8% lower rate of major complications compared with thoracotomy in 2008, patients undergoing VATS lung resection in 2018 had a 58% lower rate of complications (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: VATS utilization at VHA centers has become the predominant technique used for pulmonary surgeries over time. OT patients had more complications and longer hospital stays compared with VATS. Over the study period, VATS patients had increasingly lower complication rates compared with open surgery.

10.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 37(7): 2269-2276, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33689099

RESUMO

The purpose of this investigation was to characterize the CMR and clinical parameters that correlate to prosthetic valve size (PVS) determined at SAVR and develop a multi-parametric model to predict PVS. Sixty-two subjects were included. Linear/area measurements of the aortic annulus were performed on cine CMR images in systole/diastole on long/short axis (SAX) views. Clinical parameters (age, habitus, valve lesion, valve morphology) were recorded. PVS determined intraoperatively was the reference value. Data were analyzed using Spearman correlation. A prediction model combining imaging and clinical parameters was generated. Imaging parameters had moderate to moderately strong correlation to PVS with the highest correlations from systolic SAX mean diameter (r = 0.73, p < 0.0001) and diastolic SAX area (r = 0.73, p < 0.0001). Age was negatively correlated to PVS (r = - 0.47, p = 0.0001). Weight was weakly correlated to PVS (r = 0.27, p = 0.032). AI and bicuspid valve were not predictors of PVS. A model combining clinical and imaging parameters had high accuracy in predicting PVS (R2 = 0.61). Model predicted mean PVS was 23.3 mm (SD 1.1); actual mean PVS was 23.3 mm (SD 1.3). The Spearman r of the model (0.80, 95% CI 0.683-0.874) was significantly higher than systolic SAX area (0.68, 95% CI 0.516-0.795). Clinical parameters like age and habitus impact PVS; valve lesion/morphology do not. A multi-parametric model demonstrated high accuracy in predicting PVS and was superior to a single imaging parameter. A multi-parametric approach to device sizing may have future application in TAVR.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Aorta , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
11.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 59(6): 1210-1217, 2021 06 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33675642

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Factors such as more diffuse atherosclerosis, plaque instability and accelerated vascular calcification in patients with chronic and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) can potentially present intraoperative challenges in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) procedures. We evaluated whether patients with chronic and ESRD experienced more surgical strategy changes and/or graft revisions than patients with normal renal function when undergoing CABG procedures according to a protocol for intraoperative high-frequency ultrasound and transit-time flow measurement (TTFM). METHODS: Outcomes of CABG for patients with chronic and ESRD and patients with normal renal function enrolled in the multicentre prospective REQUEST (REgistry for QUality assESsmenT with Ultrasound Imaging and TTFM in Cardiac Bypass Surgery) study were compared retrospectively. The primary end point was frequency of intraoperative surgical strategy changes. The secondary end point was post-protamine TTFM parameters. RESULTS: There were 95 patients with chronic and ESRD and 921 patients with normal renal function. Patients with chronic and ESRD undergoing CABG according to a protocol for intraoperative high-frequency ultrasound and TTFM had a higher rate of strategy changes overall [33.7% vs 24.3%; odds ratio (OR) = 1.58; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.01-2.48; P = 0.047] and greater revisions per graft (7.0% vs 3.4%; odds ratio = 2.14; 95% CI = 1.17-3.71; P = 0.008) compared to patients with normal renal function. Final post-protamine graft TTFM parameters were comparable between cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with chronic and ESRD undergoing CABG procedures with high-frequency ultrasound and TTFM experience more surgical strategy changes than patients with normal renal function while achieving comparable graft flow. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02385344.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Falência Renal Crônica , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33533673

RESUMO

Background: Uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has been shown to offer improved postoperative outcomes compared with multiportal technique. Shorter operative time has rarely been described. Our objective was to compare operative time and clinical outcomes between uniportal and multiportal VATS approaches for lung resection. Methods: This is a retrospective review of patients that underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic lung resection at United States Veterans Affairs centers between 2008 and 2018 using the Veteran Affairs Surgical Quality Improvement Program. Cases were assigned to uniportal (single surgeon) or multiportal cohorts. Multivariable analysis of clinical outcomes was performed, adjusting for preoperative confounding covariates. Temporal trend in operative time in uniportal cohort was analyzed in the context of cumulative operative volume using Spearman's rank correlation coefficient, rho (ρ). Results: In total, 8,212 cases were selected from 2008 to 2018 at Veterans Affairs centers: 176 (2.1%) uniportal and 8036 (97.9%) multiportal cases. Uniportal cohort was significantly associated with shorter operative time (1.7 hours versus 3.1 hours, P < .001), higher adjusted odds of surgical site infection (adjusted odds ratio = 2.76; P = .005), and longer length of stay (6 days versus 5 days; P = .04). Uniportal cohort operative time decreased over time (ρ = -0.474), with most significant change corresponding with increased cumulative operative volume from 25 to 44 cases. Conclusions: Uniportal technique offered shorter operative duration in veterans compared with multiportal approach, validating its technical advantages. Operative time decreased as cumulative operative volume increased, demonstrating a learning curve. Future studies should prospectively investigate any association between operative time and clinical outcomes after thoracoscopic lung resection.

13.
Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 33(3): 860-868, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33207278

RESUMO

The adverse effects of tobacco use on postoperative outcomes are well documented. While smoking cessation is associated with overall improvement in long-term survival for lung cancer patients, the effects of cessation shortly before lung surgery are unclear. This study compares 30-day outcomes after lobectomy between active smokers, recent quitters, and nonsmokers. Patients who underwent lobectomy for cancer at national Veterans Affairs medical centers from 2012 to 2018 were retrospectively identified in the Veterans Affairs Surgical Quality Improvement Program database. The sample was stratified into 3 groups: smokers within 2 weeks of surgery ("active smokers"), those who quit between 2 weeks and 3 months prior to surgery ("recent quitters"), and "nonsmokers." Propensity score matching was performed to compare groups. Of 5715 patients who met inclusion criteria, 2696 were nonsmokers, 774 were recent quitters, and 2245 were active smokers. After propensity matching, 572 patients comprised each group. Compared to recent quitters, active smokers had 48% higher odds of suffering a pulmonary complication (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.03-2.14; P = 0.035) and 72% higher odds of suffering multiple complications (CI: 1.07-2.76; P = 0.026). Relative to nonsmokers, active smokers had 81% higher odds of pulmonary complications (CI: 1.34-2.65; P = 0.003). No differences were detected in outcomes comparing recent quitters to nonsmokers. Veterans undergoing lobectomy for cancer who quit 2 weeks before surgery had less pulmonary complications than active smokers. Recent quitters have similar outcomes to nonsmokers. Surgeons should therefore encourage patients to quit smoking, including just prior to lung surgery.

14.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 112(6): 1855-1861, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33358890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous literature in other surgical disciplines regarding the impact of resident and fellow involvement on operative time and outcomes has yielded mixed results. The impact of trainee involvement on minimally invasive thoracic surgery is unknown. This study compared risk-adjusted differences in operative time and outcomes of video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy for cancer between cases performed with and without residents and fellows involved. METHODS: All patients undergoing elective video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy for cancer between 2008 and 2018 were identified in the Veterans Affairs Surgical Quality Improvement Program database. Patients were stratified into 2 cohorts: cases with residents and fellows involved, and cases performed only by attending surgeons. Primary outcomes included operative time, postoperative hospital length of stay, and composite 30-day morbidity and mortality. Secondary outcomes included factors associated with high and low trainee operative autonomy. RESULTS: A total of 3678 patients met study inclusion criteria. In all, 1780 cases were performed with residents and fellows involved (median postgraduate year, 5; interquartile range, 4-7). Multivariate analysis showed that operative time was significantly shorter in resident- and fellow-involved cases compared with attending-only cases (mean [SD], 3.6 [1.4] versus 3.8 [1.6] hours; P < .001). There were no significant differences in composite 30-day morbidity and mortality (16.0% versus 17.1%; adjusted odds ratio = 0.93; 95% confidence interval, 0.77-1.11; P = .40) or length of stay. Substratification of trainees by postgraduate year resulted in similar findings. Cases performed in July through October and those in the Northeastern United States were associated with low autonomy. CONCLUSIONS: Current training paradigms in thoracic surgery are safe, and the involvement of motivated and skilled trainees with appropriate supervision may benefit operative duration.

15.
Heart Surg Forum ; 23(5): E699-E702, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32990564

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The management of patients with chronic Stanford type B aortic dissection who develop complications requires intervention without clear guidelines. Chronic aortic dissection is difficult to treat and often leads to significant morbidity and mortality. We report a complex case of chronic Stanford type B aortic dissection (TBAD) with an expanding false lumen aneurysm and distal fenestrations that required a multi-stage hybrid repair. TECHNIQUE: The patient first underwent a median sternotomy for the ascending aorta to the innominate artery and innominate artery to the left carotid artery bypass, followed by a left carotid to left axillary artery bypass. Due to continued aneurysmal growth, the patient ultimately underwent total cervical and abdominal aortic debranching as well as thoracic and abdominal endovascular grafting with iliac excluders. The patient recovered well after the surgery and had no further expansion of the aneurysm at 12-month follow up. CONCLUSION: Endovascular repairs have been the mainstay of chronic TBAD repair, but hybrid approaches may be necessary for difficult repairs. A multi-stage hybrid repair approach has been successful in a patient who had a chronic type B aortic dissection with aneurysmal degeneration that failed medical management.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Stents , Esternotomia/métodos , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico , Aortografia , Doença Crônica , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Heart Surg Forum ; 23(4): E531-E536, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726203

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies of the civilian population with left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD) who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) have shown 2% to 4.2% 30-day mortality. However, there is a lack of reporting from the veteran population. Here we analyze the outcomes of veterans with LMCAD who underwent CABG by a single surgeon at a single Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC). METHODS: Veterans who underwent isolated CABG between 1998 to 2018 at a VAMC were further divided into a group with significant left main coronary artery disease (LMCAD) of stenosis greater than or equal to 50% and a group without left main coronary artery stenosis (non-LMCAD). The primary outcome was mortality. Secondary outcomes included postoperative complications. Multivariable regression analysis and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis were used to compare the two cohorts. RESULTS: The demographics and comorbidities are similar between the two cohorts except for higher average age and percentage of stroke in the LMCAD group (n = 509) compared to non-LMCAD (n = 927). Perioperative complications are comparable between the two groups except for increased length of stay (LOS) in the LMCAD group (12.9 ± 15.9 days versus 10.9 ± 9.0 days in non-LMCAD, P < .001). 30-day mortality in the LMCAD group is 4.1% versus 1.4% in non-LMCAD. However, Kaplan-Meier curves show no significant difference in adjusted overall survival throughout 15 years between the groups (P = .560). CONCLUSION: Veterans with LMCAD who underwent CABG have similar postoperative complications compared to non-LMCAD group. The 30-day mortality is higher in the LMCAD group; however, there is no difference in long-term survival.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Stents Farmacológicos , Veteranos , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Heart Surg Forum ; 23(3): E323-E328, 2020 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32524977

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Surgical Treatment for Ischemic Heart Failure (STICH) trial showed that surgical revascularization in ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) patients improves long-term mortality compared with medical treatment alone. This study examines how veterans with ICM undergoing revascularization fare against patients without ICM; it also examines the outcomes in the veteran population. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of a single-center database. From 2000 to 2018, 1,461 patients underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Two-hundred-one patients with an ejection fraction less than 35% were classified as the ICM cohort. The primary outcome was mortality. Secondary outcomes included postoperative complications. Subgroup analysis was performed within the ICM cohort comparing off-pump CABG (OPCAB) versus on-pump CABG (ONCAB). RESULTS: ICM patients had a higher incidence of myocardial infarction (MI), diabetes, chronic kidney disease (CKD), and preoperative intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) use. The non-ICM cohort was more functionally independent. OPCAB was performed in 80.1% of ICM and 66.3% of non-ICM cohorts. There was no statistical difference between ICM and non-ICM cohorts in 30-day mortality (OR 1.94[0.79 - 4.75], P = .15). The ICM cohort had an increased 5-year mortality (OR 1.75[1.14 - 2.69], P = .01) and 10-year mortality (OR 1.71[1.09 - 2.67], P = .02). The ICM cohort showed improved, although not statistically significant, short-term mortality with OPCAB compared with ONCAB (3.1% versus 12.5%, OR 0.31[0.05 - 1.82], P = .20). CONCLUSION: Veterans with ICM undergoing CABG demonstrated similar short-term survival compared with non-ICM veterans. The long-term survival in the ICM cohort still is inferior to patients without ICM. There is a trend toward improved short-term survival in patients with ICM undergoing OPCAB.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Isquemia Miocárdica/cirurgia , Veteranos , Idoso , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Miocárdica/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
18.
Heart Surg Forum ; 23(2): E225-E230, 2020 04 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32364919

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Heart disease is still the leading cause of death for both men and women in the United States, and the rate of cardiovascular disease in veterans is even higher than in civilians. This study examines age-related outcomes for veterans undergoing cardiac surgeries at a single institution. METHODS: We included all veterans undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and/or valve surgery between 1997 to 2017 at a single Veterans Affairs (VA) medical center. We stratified this cohort into 4 age groups: ≤59 years old, 60-69 years old, 70-79 years old, and ≥80 years old. Outcomes in age groups were compared using standard statistical methods with the ≤59 years old group as reference. RESULTS: A total of 2,301 patients underwent open cardiac procedures at our institution. The frequency of simultaneous CABG and valve operations increased with age. Usage of cardiopulmonary bypass versus off-pump CABG and operative time was not associated with age. Increased pulmonary and renal complications as well as rates of postoperative arrhythmias all were associated with increasing age. There was no statistically significant difference in 30-day mortality. However, multivariable analysis adjusted for covariates showed all-cause mortality significantly was increased with older age groups (aHR ≥80 years old: 2.94 [2.07-4.17], P < .01; aHR 70-79 years old: 2.15 [1.63-2.83], P < 0.01, with ≤59 years old as reference). CONCLUSIONS: Older patients may have comparable perioperative mortality as their younger counterparts. However, age still is a significant predictor of all-cause mortality, pulmonary and renal complications, and postoperative arrhythmia, and should be considered as a major factor in preoperative risk assessment.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Medição de Risco/métodos , Veteranos , Distribuição por Idade , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Causas de Morte/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
19.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 159(4): 1283-1292.e2, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685277

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the influence of transit-time flow measurement with epicardial and epiaortic high-frequency ultrasound in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting procedure. METHODS: The Registry for Quality Assessment with Ultrasound Imaging and Transit-time Flow Measurement in Cardiac Bypass Surgery study is a multicenter, prospective study among 7 international centers performing coronary artery bypass grafting procedures. The primary end point was any change in the planned surgical procedure. Major secondary end points consisted of the rate and reason for surgical changes related to the aorta, in situ conduits, coronary targets, and completed grafts, and the rate of in-hospital mortality and major morbidity. RESULTS: Between April 2015 and December 2017, 1046 patients were enrolled. Of those, 1016 were included in the final analyses. Mean age was 65.9 years, 14.0% were women, and diabetes was present in 39.6%. Off-pump procedures were performed in 39.6% and bilateral internal thoracic arteries in 30.5%. The primary end point occurred in 25.2% of patients (n = 256) and in 77% (197 out of 256) this was based on transit-time flow measurement and/or high-frequency ultrasound. Surgical changes were related to the aorta in 9.9%, to in situ conduits in 2.7%, and the coronary targets in 22.6%. Graft revision occurred in 7.8%, including revisions of the proximal and/or distal anastomosis in 6.6%. In-hospital adverse event rates were 0.6% for mortality, 1.0% for cerebrovascular events, and 0.3% for myocardial infarction. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical changes related to the aorta, conduits, coronary targets, and anastomosis were made in 25% of patients. This was associated with low operative mortality and low major morbidity. Transit-time flow measurement and high-frequency ultrasound may improve the quality, safety, and efficacy of coronary artery bypass grafting procedures and should be considered as a routine procedural aspect.


Assuntos
Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Idoso , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos
20.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 56(4): 654-663, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30907418

RESUMO

Despite there being numerous studies of intraoperative graft flow assessment by transit-time flow measurement (TTFM) on outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), the adoption of contemporary TTFM is low. Therefore, on 31 January 2018, a systematic literature search was performed to identify articles that reported (i) the amount of grafts classified as abnormal or which were revised or (ii) an association between TTFM and outcomes during follow-up. Random-effects models were used to create pooled estimates with 95% confidence intervals (CI) of (i) the rate of graft revision per patient, (ii) the rate of graft revision per graft and (iii) the rate of graft revision among grafts deemed abnormal based on TTFM parameters. The search yielded 242 articles, and 66 original articles were included in the systematic review. Of those articles, 35 studies reported on abnormal grafts or graft revisions (8943 patients, 15 673 grafts) and were included in the meta-analysis. In 4.3% of patients (95% CI 3.3-5.7%, I2 = 73.9) a revision was required and 2.0% of grafts (95% CI 1.5-2.5%; I2 = 66.0) were revised. The pooled rate of graft revisions among abnormal grafts was 25.1% (95% CI 15.5-37.9%; I2 = 80.2). Studies reported sensitivity ranging from 0.250 to 0.457 and the specificity from 0.939 to 0.984. Reported negative predictive values ranged from 0.719 to 0.980 and reported positive predictive values ranged from 0.100 to 0.840. This systematic review and meta-analysis showed that TTFM could improve CABG procedures. However, due to heterogeneous data, drawing uniform conclusions appeared challenging. Future studies should focus on determining the optimal use of TTFM and assessing its diagnostic accuracy.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/normas , Circulação Coronária , Humanos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
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