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1.
BMC Infect Dis ; 22(1): 558, 2022 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35718768

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A global pandemic has been declared for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which has serious impacts on human health and healthcare systems in the affected areas, including Vietnam. None of the previous studies have a framework to provide summary statistics of the virus variants and assess the severity associated with virus proteins and host cells in COVID-19 patients in Vietnam. METHOD: In this paper, we comprehensively investigated SARS-CoV-2 variants and immune responses in COVID-19 patients. We provided summary statistics of target sequences of SARS-CoV-2 in Vietnam and other countries for data scientists to use in downstream analysis for therapeutic targets. For host cells, we proposed a predictive model of the severity of COVID-19 based on public datasets of hospitalization status in Vietnam, incorporating a polygenic risk score. This score uses immunogenic SNP biomarkers as indicators of COVID-19 severity. RESULT: We identified that the Delta variant of SARS-CoV-2 is most prevalent in southern areas of Vietnam and it is different from other areas in the world using various data sources. Our predictive models of COVID-19 severity had high accuracy (Random Forest AUC = 0.81, Elastic Net AUC = 0.7, and SVM AUC = 0.69) and showed that the use of polygenic risk scores increased the models' predictive capabilities. CONCLUSION: We provided a comprehensive analysis for COVID-19 severity in Vietnam. This investigation is not only helpful for COVID-19 treatment in therapeutic target studies, but also could influence further research on the disease progression and personalized clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Vietnã/epidemiologia
2.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 7(5): e623, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30816000

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) (OMIM #201910) is a complex disease most often caused by pathogenic variant of the CYP21A2 gene. We have designed an efficient multistep approach to diagnose and classify CAH cases due to CYP21A2 variant and to study the genotype-phenotype relationship. METHODS: A large cohort of 212 Vietnamese patients from 204 families was recruited. We utilized Multiplex Ligation-dependent Probe Amplification to identify large deletion or rearrangement followed by complete gene sequencing of CYP21A2 to map single-nucleotide changes and possible novel variants. RESULTS: Pathogenic variants were identified in 398 out of 408 alleles (97.5%). The variants indexed span across most of the CYP21A2 gene regions. The most common genotypes were: I2g/I2g (15.35%); Del/Del (14.4%); Del/I2g (10.89%); p.R356W/p.R356W (6.44%); and exon 1-3 del/exon 1-3 del (5.44%). In addition to the previously characterized and documented variants, we also discovered six novel variants which were not previously reported, in silico tools were used to support the pathogenicity of these variants. CONCLUSION: The result will contribute in further understanding the genotype-phenotype relationship of CAH patients and to guide better treatment and management of the affected.


Assuntos
Hiperplasia Suprarrenal Congênita/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Esteroide 21-Hidroxilase/genética , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Humanos , Fenótipo , Vietnã
3.
Obesity (Silver Spring) ; 24(1): 71-8, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26637983

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study details 6- and 12-month cardio-metabolic outcomes of an intense 12-week workplace lifestyle intervention program, the My Unlimited Potential (MyUP), conducted in a large healthcare organization. METHODS: This study was conducted among 230 employees of Baptist Health South Florida with high cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Employees were considered at high risk and eligible for the study if they had two or more of the following cardio-metabolic risk factors: total cholesterol ≥ 200 mg/dl, systolic blood pressure (SBP) ≥ 140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) ≥ 90 mmHg, hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c) ≥ 6.5%, body mass index (BMI) ≥ 30 kg/m(2) . RESULTS: At the end of 12 weeks, there was significant reduction in the mean BMI, SBP and DBP, serum lipids, and HbA1c among persons with diabetes. At 1 year, there was significant decline in the mean BMI, SBP and DBP, HbA1c, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and in the prevalence of poor BP control, BMI ≥ 35 kg/m(2) , and abnormal HbA1c among all persons and those with diabetes. CONCLUSIONS: This intensive 12-week lifestyle change program was successful at improving cardio-metabolic risk factors at 1 year. This study provides a template for other workplace programs aimed at improving CVD risk in high-risk employees.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Doenças Metabólicas/prevenção & controle , Serviços de Saúde do Trabalhador/métodos , Comportamento de Redução do Risco , Local de Trabalho , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea , Índice de Massa Corporal , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Colesterol/sangue , Feminino , Florida , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Promoção da Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Serviços de Saúde do Trabalhador/organização & administração , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Local de Trabalho/organização & administração , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
4.
PLoS One ; 9(1): e83594, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24421894

RESUMO

CONTEXT: The internet is gaining popularity as a means of delivering employee-based cardiovascular (CV) wellness interventions though little is known about the cardiovascular health outcomes of these programs. In this review, we examined the effectiveness of internet-based employee cardiovascular wellness and prevention programs. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We conducted a systematic review by searching PubMed, Web of Science and Cochrane library for all published studies on internet-based programs aimed at improving CV health among employees up to November 2012. We grouped the outcomes according to the American Heart Association (AHA) indicators of cardiovascular wellbeing--weight, BP, lipids, smoking, physical activity, diet, and blood glucose. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: A total of 18 randomized trials and 11 follow-up studies met our inclusion/exclusion criteria. Follow-up duration ranged from 6-24 months. There were significant differences in intervention types and number of components in each intervention. Modest improvements were observed in more than half of the studies with weight related outcomes while no improvement was seen in virtually all the studies with physical activity outcome. In general, internet-based programs were more successful if the interventions also included some physical contact and environmental modification, and if they were targeted at specific disease entities such as hypertension. Only a few of the studies were conducted in persons at-risk for CVD, none in blue-collar workers or low-income earners. CONCLUSION: Internet based programs hold promise for improving the cardiovascular wellness among employees however much work is required to fully understand its utility and long term impact especially in special/at-risk populations.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Promoção da Saúde , Internet , Gestão de Riscos , Local de Trabalho , Humanos , PubMed , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Science ; 336(6080): 485-9, 2012 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22539724

RESUMO

Immunoglobulin A (IgA) is essential to maintain the symbiotic balance between gut bacterial communities and the host immune system. Here we provide evidence that the inhibitory co-receptor programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) regulates the gut microbiota through appropriate selection of IgA plasma cell repertoires. PD-1 deficiency generates an excess number of T follicular helper (T(FH)) cells with altered phenotypes, which results in dysregulated selection of IgA precursor cells in the germinal center of Peyer's patches. Consequently, the IgAs produced in PD-1-deficient mice have reduced bacteria-binding capacity, which causes alterations of microbial communities in the gut. Thus, PD-1 plays a critical role in regulation of antibody diversification required for the maintenance of intact mucosal barrier.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/imunologia , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Bacterianos , Imunoglobulina A/imunologia , Mucosa Intestinal/imunologia , Intestino Delgado/microbiologia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/fisiologia , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/imunologia , Transferência Adotiva , Animais , Bactérias/imunologia , Carga Bacteriana , Fezes/microbiologia , Genes de Cadeia Pesada de Imunoglobulina , Centro Germinativo/citologia , Centro Germinativo/imunologia , Imunoglobulina A/biossíntese , Intestino Delgado/imunologia , Contagem de Linfócitos , Camundongos , Nódulos Linfáticos Agregados/citologia , Nódulos Linfáticos Agregados/imunologia , Plasmócitos/imunologia , Plasmócitos/fisiologia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/genética , Simbiose
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