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1.
Br J Haematol ; 2020 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32030731

RESUMO

Composite and sequential lymphomas involving both classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL) and primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBCL) are rare phenomena. Beyond the relevant biological interest raised by these cases, treatments and outcome data are poorly covered in the recent literature. This retrospective analysis describes the pathological and clinical characteristics of 10 composite and 15 sequential cases included after a central pathological review. At diagnosis, 70% of the composite lymphomas presented a disseminated and extranodal disease. Among the 15 sequential lymphomas, 12 were CHL at first occurrence and three were PMBCL. Based on their clinical evolution, these sequential lymphomas could be divided into early (i.e., diagnosis of second lymphoma within a year) and late [(i.e., a second lymphoma occurrence occurring after a long period of complete remission]). All composite cases were alive in complete remission after a median follow-up of 34 months. If the early sequential lymphoma presented a particularly poor outcome with a median overall survival shorter than one year, the late cases were efficiently salvaged. Further molecular studies are needed to describe the underlying biology of these rare diseases, possibly representing the extreme of tumour cell plasticity found in grey-zone lymphoma.

2.
Histopathology ; 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32060943

RESUMO

AIMS: The peritoneal regression grading score (PRGS) and peritoneal cytology (PC) assess response to chemotherapy in peritoneal metastasis (PM) in a setting of palliative treatment by pressurized intraperitoneal aerosol chemotherapy (PIPAC). Progression has been defined as an increase of PRGS between first and third PIPAC procedures, but failed as positive peritoneal cytology to demonstrate their prognostic impact. These results may be explained by a lack of statistical power. And, it is not known whether the mean or the highest PRGS among taken peritoneal biopsies bears the highest clinical value. We therefore conducted the largest prospective study to investigate the prognostic impact of iPGRS, PC, and their combination, designated as combined progression index (CPI). METHODS AND RESULTS: Patients with PM who underwent >3 PIPAC (n=112) between December 2016 and February 2019 were prospectively included. A significant difference in OS and PFS according to CPI(highest) was found (OS:CPI-, 83.3, 95%CI[49.8;NA] vs. CPI+, 48.1, 95%CI[38.5;66.4] months; and PFS (respectively, 59.7, 95%CI[43.0;96.0] vs. 33.7, 95%CI[30.4;44.2] months). PRGS or PC had no independent prognostic impact. CPI+ was an independent predictor of worse prognosis, in OS (HR=5.24, 95%CI [2.07; 13.26]), and PFS (HR=4.41, 95%CI [1.40;13.88]). CONCLUSIONS: The CPI based on highest PRGS and PC was found to be independently associated with worse prognosis for OS and for PFS in the setting of peritoneal metastasis. These results indicate that it should be of interest to take systematically peritoneal fluid for cytological examination and to implement the CPI in the therapeutic decision-making process in the context of PIPAC.

3.
Hematol Oncol ; 2020 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31953963

RESUMO

High-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is a therapeutic option for patients with relapsed follicular lymphoma (FL). The clinical characteristics and outcomes of FL relapse after ASCT in the rituximab era have not yet been fully elucidated. We retrospectively reviewed 414 FL patients treated with ASCT between 2000 and 2014 in four hematology departments. All patients received rituximab as a first-line treatment. We specifically analyzed the clinical characteristics, treatment strategies at relapse, and outcomes of 95 patients (23%) who relapsed after ASCT. The patients (median age, 57 y) received a median of two lines of therapy (range, 2-6) prior to ASCT, with 92% in complete response (CR) or partial response (PR) before ASCT. Histological transformation at relapse after ASCT was observed in 20% of the patients. Treatment at relapse after ASCT consisted of chemotherapy with or without rituximab (n = 45/90, 50%), targeted agents (18%), rituximab monotherapy (14%), or consolidation allogeneic transplantation after induction chemotherapy (12%) and radiotherapy (6%). After relapse, the median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 1 year (95% CI, 0.541-1.579) and 5.5 years (95% CI, 1.910-9.099), respectively. In the multivariate analysis, histological transformation (HT) was associated with OS (P = .044; HR 2.439; 95% CI, 1.025-5.806), and a high FLIPI score at relapse was associated with PFS (P = .028; HR 2.469; 95% CI, 1.104-5.521). This retrospective study showed that the period of PFS of patients who relapsed after ASCT is short. A biopsy should be performed for these patients to document the HT. Our results indicate that new treatment strategies will need to be developed for these patients.

4.
Blood ; 135(5): 360-370, 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31774495

RESUMO

The oncogenic events involved in breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BI-ALCL) remain elusive. To clarify this point, we have characterized the genomic landscape of 34 BI-ALCLs (15 tumor and 19 in situ subtypes) collected from 54 BI-ALCL patients diagnosed through the French Lymphopath network. Whole-exome sequencing (n = 22, with paired tumor/germline DNA) and/or targeted deep sequencing (n = 24) showed recurrent mutations of epigenetic modifiers in 74% of cases, involving notably KMT2C (26%), KMT2D (9%), CHD2 (15%), and CREBBP (15%). KMT2D and KMT2C mutations correlated with a loss of H3K4 mono- and trimethylation by immunohistochemistry. Twenty cases (59%) showed mutations in ≥1 member of the JAK/STAT pathway, including STAT3 (38%), JAK1 (18%), and STAT5B (3%), and in negative regulators, including SOCS3 (6%), SOCS1 (3%), and PTPN1 (3%). These mutations were more frequent in tumor-type samples than in situ samples (P = .038). All BI-ALCLs expressed pSTAT3, regardless of the mutational status of genes in the JAK/STAT pathway. Mutations in the EOMES gene (12%) involved in lymphocyte development, PI3K-AKT/mTOR (6%), and loss-of-function mutations in TP53 (12%) were also identified. Copy-number aberration (CNA) analysis identified recurrent alterations, including gains on chromosomes 2, 9p, 12p, and 21 and losses on 4q, 8p, 15, 16, and 20. Regions of CNA encompassed genes involved in the JAK/STAT pathway and epigenetic regulators. Our results show that the BI-ALCL genomic landscape is characterized by not only JAK/STAT activating mutations but also loss-of-function alterations of epigenetic modifiers.

5.
Virchows Arch ; 2019 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31863183

RESUMO

Session 2 of the 2018 European Association of Hematopathology/Society for Hematopathology Workshop focused on lymphomas arising in immune-privileged sites: both lymphomas arising in the traditionally described "immune sanctuary" sites of the central nervous system (CNS) and testes, as well as those arising at sites of local immune privilege. Primary CNS large B cell lymphoma and primary testicular large B cell lymphoma were discussed, and the biology of these unique tumors was highlighted by several cases showing the classic mutation profile including MYD88 L265P and CD79B. The tendency of these tumors to involve both the CNS and testis was also reinforced by several cases. Four cases of low-grade B cell lymphomas (LGBCL) of the CNS were discussed. Two were classic Bing-Neel syndrome associated with LPL, and two were LGBCL with plasmacytic differentiation and amyloid deposition without systemic disease. Rare examples of systemic T and NK cell lymphomas involving the CNS were also discussed. Several cases of breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BI-ALCL) were submitted showing the typical clinicopathologic features. These cases were discussed along with a case with analogous features arising in a patient with a gastric band implant, as well as large B cell lymphomas arising alongside foreign materials. Finally, large B cell lymphomas arising in effusions or localized sites of chronic inflammation (fibrin-associated diffuse large B cell lymphoma [DLBCL] and DLBCL associated with chronic inflammation) were described. The pathogenesis of all of these lymphomas is believed to be related to decreased immune surveillance, either innate to the physiology of the organ or acquired at a local site.

6.
Virchows Arch ; 2019 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31781845

RESUMO

The major aim of Session 1 of the 2018 European Association of Hematopathology/Society for Hematopathology Workshop was to collect examples of cutaneous lymphomas, excluding mycosis fungoides/Sezary syndrome, as defined in the current WHO classification of tumours of the haemetopoietic and lymphoid tissues. Overall 42 cases were submitted. These were considered in four main categories: primary cutaneous B cell lymphomas (12 cases), primary cutaneous T cell lymphomas/lymphoproliferations with CD8+/cytotoxic phenotype (12 cases), primary cutaneous CD30-positive lymphoproliferative disorders (15 cases) and primary cutaneous T cell lymphomas/leukaemias with CD4+ phenotype (4 cases). Using these cases as examples, we were able to present the full spectrum of cutaneous lymphoproliferations (excluding mycosis fungoides/Sezary syndrome), including examples of rare, provisional and new entities as listed in the 2017 update of the WHO classification. The findings are summarized in this report with emphasis on differential diagnostic considerations and the importance of clinico-pathological correlation for final subtyping. In presenting these findings we hope to raise awareness of this enigmatic group of neoplasms and to further our understanding of these rare disease entities.

7.
Virchows Arch ; 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31773249

RESUMO

This paper summarizes two sessions of the workshop during the XIX meeting of the European Association for Haematopathology (EAHP) held in Edinburgh in September 2018 dedicated to lymphomas of the gastrointestinal tract. The first session focused on the clinical and pathological features of primary gastrointestinal T cell and NK-cell lymphoproliferative disorders. The distinction between precursor lesions (RCD type 2) and enteropathy-associated T cell lymphoma were stressed, including the discussion of new diagnostic markers for the identification of aberrant phenotypes. Indolent T cell lymphoproliferative disorders of the gastrointestinal tract cases showed phenotypic heterogeneity with novel molecular alterations in few cases, such as STAT3-JAK2 fusion. In addition, novel clonal markers of disease, such as AXL and JAK3 somatic variants support the neoplastic nature of NK-cell enteropathy. The session on gastrointestinal tract B cell lymphoproliferations was dedicated to B cell lymphoproliferative disorders that arise primarily in the gastrointestinal tract (i.e., duodenal-type follicular lymphoma) or preferentially involve the digestive tract, such as large B cell lymphoma with IRF4 translocation and mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), including diverse molecular subtypes (i.e., CCND3-positive MCL mimicking MALT lymphoma). Challenging cases of high-grade B cell lymphomas with complex genetic profiles demonstrated the usefulness of novel molecular diagnostic methods such as targeted NGS to identify high-risk genetic features with potential clinical impact.

8.
Virchows Arch ; 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31758317

RESUMO

Two sessions in the workshop of the 19th meeting of the European Association for Haematopathology termed "challenging extranodal lymphoproliferations" and "extranodal non-site-specific lymphoproliferations", dealt with a series of heterogenous cases. These included lymphoproliferations of all cell lineages, from reactive lesions mimicking lymphomas through indolent lymphoid neoplasia and tumours with unclear biological behaviour to aggressive and transformed lymphomas. The themes addressed included cases with borderline features between hyperplastic and neoplastic lesions, the diagnostic spectrum of IgG4-related disease, T cell lymphoproliferations arising in extranodal sites with presumed indolent behaviour, diverse clinical presentations of intravascular large B cell lymphoma, diagnostic problems encountered with tumours displaying plasmablastic morphology, pitfalls concerning rare entities like adult T cell lymphoma/leukaemia (ATLL) and extranodal natural killer/T cell (NK/T) lymphomas, and unusual clinical presentations of various lymphomas. Altogether, within the frame of these two sessions, 75 cases remarkably differing in their clinical background, genetic features and overall need for a meticulous diagnostic approach were presented and discussed. In this paper, the salient points raised during the discussion of the cases, current diagnostic concepts and recommendations relevant to the diagnosis of these lymphoproliferations are described.

9.
Blood ; 134(Supplement_1): 21, 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724008

RESUMO

DISCLOSURES: Sarkozy: Takeda: Research Funding. Salles:Merck: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Novartis, Servier, AbbVie, Karyopharm, Kite, MorphoSys: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Educational events; Autolus: Consultancy, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees; Takeda: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Educational events; Epizyme: Consultancy, Honoraria; BMS: Honoraria; Amgen: Honoraria, Other: Educational events; Roche, Janssen, Gilead, Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Educational events. Savage:BMS, Merck, Novartis, Verastem, Abbvie, Servier, and Seattle Genetics: Consultancy, Honoraria; Seattle Genetics, Inc.: Consultancy, Honoraria, Research Funding. Scott:Celgene: Consultancy; Roche/Genentech: Research Funding; Janssen: Consultancy, Research Funding; NanoString: Patents & Royalties: Named inventor on a patent licensed to NanoSting [Institution], Research Funding. Steidl:Juno Therapeutics: Consultancy; Tioma: Research Funding; Roche: Consultancy; Bristol-Myers Squibb: Research Funding; Nanostring: Patents & Royalties: Filed patent on behalf of BC Cancer; Seattle Genetics: Consultancy; Bayer: Consultancy.

10.
Cancers (Basel) ; 11(10)2019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590326

RESUMO

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification, the nosology of B-cell neoplasms integrates clinical, morphological, phenotypic, and genetic data. In this retrospective analysis, we identified 18 patients with isolated neoplastic lymphocytosis that could not be accurately classified within the WHO classification. Most of them were asymptomatic at the time of diagnosis and the evolution was relatively indolent, as only five patients required treatment after a median follow-up of 48 months. The neoplastic B-cells expressed CD5 in most cases, but the Royal Marsden Hospital score was strictly below 3. Trisomy 12 was the most frequent cytogenetic abnormality. High-throughput sequencing highlighted mutations found in both chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and marginal zone lymphoma (MZL). Similarly, the immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region repertoire was distinct from those reported in CLL or MZL. However, as treatment choice is dependent on the correct classification of the lymphoproliferative disorder, a histological diagnosis should be performed in case patients need to be treated.

11.
Hematol Oncol ; 37(4): 483-486, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408541

RESUMO

In absence of red blood cells disease or immune defect, parvovirus B19 (PVB-19) is usually considered as a benign condition. Here, we report the case of a 10-year-old boy, previously healthy, presenting with a PVB-19 infection revealed by a bicytopenia and a voluminous axillary adenopathy. Pathophysiology examination showed reactional lymphoid population. Nine months later and in the absence of remission, a new biopsy of the same adenopathy revealed a Hodgkin lymphoma with area of T-cell rich aggressive large B-cell lymphoma. This case suggests PVB-19 as potential trigger of this malignant childhood hemopathy. Although no definitive conclusion can be drawn, our clinical case questions the role of PVB-19 in lymphomagenesis.


Assuntos
Eritema Infeccioso/complicações , Doença de Hodgkin/etiologia , Linfoma de Células B/etiologia , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/etiologia , Viremia/complicações , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos B/patologia , Medula Óssea/patologia , Medula Óssea/virologia , Criança , Eritema Infeccioso/sangue , Eritema Infeccioso/patologia , Eritema Infeccioso/virologia , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Humanos , Linfoma de Células B/patologia , Masculino , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/patologia , Pancitopenia/etiologia , Pseudolinfoma/etiologia , Indução de Remissão , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Linfócitos T/patologia , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
12.
Histopathology ; 2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31463946

RESUMO

AIMS: Poorly differentiated neuroendocrine carcinoma (PDNEC) of the head and neck is a rare high-grade neuroendocrine neoplasm. Human papillomavirus (HPV) status and p16 status are as yet unclear among PDNECs, owing to a lack of statistical analysis. The objective of the present study was therefore to evaluate their potential clinicopathological associations, and their prognostic impact on overall survival in PDNECs of the head and neck, regardless to HPV genotype. METHODS AND RESULTS: All cases of PDNEC of the head and neck between 1998 and 2019 were identified from the database of the Lyon university hospital pathology department (n = 21); for these cases, p16 immunohistochemistry and HPV in-situ hybridisation were performed. Published cases of PDNEC of the head and neck with assessment of HPV status and p16 status were identified in PubMed (n = 57). Local and published cases were pooled for analysis. HPV positive (HPV+) tumour status was found to be significantly associated with oropharyngeal localisation (P < 0.001) and overexpression of p16 (P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis, adjusted on tumour site, histological subtype, p16 status, HPV status, and source of the case, showed that oropharyngeal localisation [hazard ratio (HR) 3.031, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.257-7.310] and being a small-cell variant (HR 2.859, 95% CI 1.150-7.109) were significant predictors of worse overall survival; HPV+ tumour status was associated with better overall survival (HR 0.388, 95% CI 0.146-0.995). CONCLUSIONS: HPV+ tumour status was associated with oropharyngeal PDNECs and with a better prognosis.

14.
Lancet Oncol ; 20(2): 202-215, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30658935

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increased-dose bleomycin, etoposide, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone (BEACOPPescalated) improves progression-free survival in patients with advanced Hodgkin lymphoma compared with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD), but is associated with increased risks of haematological toxicity, secondary myelodysplasia or leukaemia, and infertility. We investigated whether PET monitoring during treatment could allow dose de-escalation by switching regimen (BEACOPPescalated to ABVD) in early responders without loss of disease control compared with standard treatment without PET monitoring. METHODS: AHL2011 is a randomised, non-inferiority, phase 3 study done in 90 centres across Belgium and France. Eligible patients were aged 16-60 years and had newly diagnosed Hodgkin lymphoma, excluding nodular lymphocyte predominant subtype, an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score less than 3, a life expectancy of at least 3 months, an Ann Arbor disease stage III, IV, or IIB with mediastinum-to-thorax ratio of 0·33 or greater than or extranodal localisation, and had received no previous treatment for Hodgkin lymphoma. Randomisation was unmasked and done centrally by the permuted block method. Patients were randomly assigned to standard treatment (BEACOPPescalated given every 21 days for six cycles) or PET-driven treatment. All patients received two cycles of upfront BEACOPPescalated, after which PET assessment was done (PET2). In the standard treatment group, PET2 patients completed two additional cycles of BEACOPPescalated induction therapy irrespective of PET2 findings. In the PET-driven treatment group, patients with positive PET2 scans received the further two cycles of BEACOPPescalated and those with a negative PET2 scan switched to two cycles of ABVD for the remaining induction therapy. In both treatment groups, PET at the end of induction therapy was used to decide whether to continue with consolidation therapy in those with negative scans or start salvage therapy in patients with positive scans (either two cycles of ABVD in PET2-negative patients in the PET-driven arm or two cycles of BEACOPPescalated). BEACOPPescalated consisted of bleomycin 10 mg/m2 and vincristine 1·4 mg/m2 intravenously on day 8, etoposide 200 mg/m2 intravenously on days 1-3, doxorubicin 35 mg/m2 and cyclophosphamide 1250 mg/m2 intravenously on day 1, 100 mg/m2 oral procarbazine on days 1-7, and 40 mg/m2 oral prednisone on days 1-14. ABVD was given every 28 days (doxorubicin 25 mg/m2, bleomycin 10 mg/m2, vinblastine 6 mg/m2, and dacarbazine 375 mg/m2 intravenously on days 1 and 15). The primary endpoint was investigator-assessed progression-free survival. Non-inferiority analyses were done by intention to treat and per protocol. The study had a non-inferiority margin of 10%, to show non-inferiority of PET-guided treatment versus standard care with 80% power and an alpha of 2·5% (one-sided). This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01358747. FINDINGS: From May 19, 2011, to April 29, 2014, 823 patients were enrolled-413 in the standard care group and 410 in the PET-driven group. 346 (84%) of 410 patients in the PET-driven treatment group were assigned to receive ABVD and 51 (12%) to continue receiving BEACOPPescalated after PET2. With a median follow-up of 50·4 months (IQR 42·9-59·3), 5-year progression-free survival by intention to treat was 86·2%, 95% CI 81·6-89·8 in the standard treatment group versus 85·7%, 81·4-89·1 in the PET-driven treatment group (hazard ratio [HR] 1·084, 95% CI 0·737-1·596; p=0·65) and per protocol the values were 86·7%, 95% CI 81·9-90·3 and 85·4%, 80·7-89·0, respectively (HR 1·144, 0·758-1·726; p=0·74). The most common grade 3-4 adverse events were leucopenia (381 [92%] in the standard treatment group and 387 [95%] in the PET-driven treatment group), neutropenia (359 [87%] and 366 [90%]), anaemia (286 [69%] vs 114 [28%]), thrombocytopenia (271 [66%] and 163 [40%]), febrile neutropenia (145 [35%] and 93 [23%]), infections (88 [22%] and 47 [11%]), and gastrointestinal disorders (49 [11%] and 48 [11%]). Serious adverse events related to treatment were reported in 192 (47%) patients in the standard treatment group and 114 (28%) in the PET-driven treatment group, including infections (84 [20%] of 412 vs 50 [12%] of 407) and febrile neutropenia (21 [5%] vs 23 [6%]). Six (1%) patients in the standard care group died from treatment-related causes (two from septic shock, two from pneumopathy, one from heart failure, and one from acute myeloblastic leukaemia), as did two (<1%) in the PET-driven treatment group (one from septic shock and one from acute myeloblastic leukaemia). INTERPRETATION: PET after two cycles of induction BEACOPPescalated chemotherapy safely guided treatment in patients with advanced Hodgkin lymphoma and allowed the use of ABVD in early responders without impairing disease control and reduced toxicities. PET staging allowed accurate monitoring of treatment in this trial and could be considered as a strategy for the routine management of patients with advanced Hodgkin lymphoma. FUNDING: Programme Hospitalier de Recherche Clinique.

15.
J Pathol ; 247(4): 416-421, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30484876

RESUMO

The B cell receptor immunoglobulin (Ig) gene repertoires of marginal zone (MZ) lymphoproliferations were analyzed in order to obtain insight into their ontogenetic relationships. Our cohort included cases with MZ lymphomas (n = 488), i.e. splenic (SMZL), nodal (NMZL) and extranodal (ENMZL), as well as provisional entities (n = 76), according to the WHO classification. The most striking Ig gene repertoire skewing was observed in SMZL. However, restrictions were also identified in all other MZ lymphomas studied, particularly ENMZL, with significantly different Ig gene distributions depending on the primary site of involvement. Cross-entity comparisons of the MZ Ig sequence dataset with a large dataset of Ig sequences (MZ-related or not; n = 65 837) revealed four major clusters of cases sharing homologous ('public') heavy variable complementarity-determining region 3. These clusters included rearrangements from SMZL, ENMZL (gastric, salivary gland, ocular adnexa), chronic lymphocytic leukemia, but also rheumatoid factors and non-malignant splenic MZ cells. In conclusion, different MZ lymphomas display biased immunogenetic signatures indicating distinct antigen exposure histories. The existence of rare public stereotypes raises the intriguing possibility that common, pathogen-triggered, immune-mediated mechanisms may result in diverse B lymphoproliferations due to targeting versatile progenitor B cells and/or operating in particular microenvironments. Copyright © 2018 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Assuntos
Genes de Imunoglobulinas/genética , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/genética , Regiões Determinantes de Complementaridade/genética , Rearranjo Gênico do Linfócito B/genética , Genes de Cadeia Pesada de Imunoglobulina/genética , Humanos , Região Variável de Imunoglobulina/genética , Mutação/genética , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos B/genética , Microambiente Tumoral
16.
J Clin Oncol ; 37(2): 144-152, 2019 01 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30481079

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although the life expectancy of patients with follicular lymphoma (FL) has increased, little is known of their causes of death (CODs) in the rituximab era. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We pooled two cohorts of newly diagnosed patients with FL grade 1-3A. Patients were enrolled between 2001 and 2013 in two French referral institutions (N = 734; median follow-up 89 months) and 2002 and 2012 in the University of Iowa and Mayo Clinic Specialized Program of Research Excellence (SPORE; N = 920; median follow-up 84 months). COD was classified as being a result of lymphoma, other malignancy, treatment related, or all other causes. RESULTS: Ten-year overall survival was comparable in the French (80%) and US (77%) cohorts. We were able to classify COD in 248 (88%) of 283 decedents. In the overall cohort, lymphoma was the most common COD, with a cumulative incidence of 10.3% at 10 years, followed by treatment-related mortality (3.0%), other malignancy (2.9%), other causes (2.2%), and unknown (3.0%). The 10-year cumulative incidence of death as a result of lymphoma or treatment was higher than death as a result of all other causes for each age group (including patients ≥ 70 years of age at diagnosis [25.4% v 16.6%]) Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index score 3 to 5 (27.4% v 5.2%), but not Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index score 0 to 1 (4.0% v 3.7%); for patients who failed to achieve event-free survival within 24 months from diagnosis (36.1% v 7.0%), but not for patients who achieved event-free survival within 24 months of diagnosis (6.7% v 5.7%); and for patients with a history of transformed FL (45.9% v 4.7%), but not among patients without (8.1% v 6.2%). Overall, 77 of 140 deaths as a result of lymphoma occurred in patients whose FL transformed after diagnosis. CONCLUSION: Despite the improvement in overall survival in patients with FL in the rituximab era, their leading COD remains lymphoma, especially after disease transformation. Treatment-related mortality also represents a concern, which supports the need for less-toxic therapies.


Assuntos
Causas de Morte , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Folicular/mortalidade , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
18.
Am J Surg Pathol ; 43(3): 341-351, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30540571

RESUMO

Gray-zone lymphoma (GZL) with features intermediate between classic Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) and large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL) was introduced as a provisional entity into the World Health Organization classification in 2008. However, as diagnostic criteria are imprecise, reliable identification of GZL cases remains challenging. Here, we describe the histopathologic features of 139 GZL cases from a retrospective Lymphoma Study Association (LYSA) study with the goal to improve classification accuracy. Inclusion criteria were based on literature review and an expert consensus opinion of the LYSA hematopathologist panel. We observed 86 cases with a morphology more closely related to cHL, but with an LBCL immunophenotype based on strong and homogenous B-cell marker expression (CD20 and/or CD79a, OCT2, BOB1, PAX5) on all tumor cells (cHL-like GZL). Fifty-three cases were morphologically more closely related to LBCL but harbored a cHL immunophenotype (LBCL-like GZL). Importantly, we observed a continuous morphologic and immunophenotypic spectrum within these 2 GZL categories. The majority of cases presented genetic immune escape features with CD274/PDCD1LG2 and/or CIITA structural variants by fluorescence in situ hybridization. Patients without mediastinal involvement at diagnosis (17%) were older than those with mediastinal tumors (median: 56 vs. 39 y). Cases associated with Epstein-Barr virus (24%) presented with similar patient characteristics and outcome as Epstein-Barr virus negative cases. In summary, we provide refined diagnostic criteria that contribute to a more precise pathologic and clinical characterization of GZL within a broad spectrum from cHL-like to LBCL-like disease.


Assuntos
Linfoma/classificação , Linfoma/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Br J Haematol ; 183(5): 755-765, 2018 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30407629

RESUMO

Splenectomy in addition to immunotherapy with rituximab can provide quick and sometimes durable disease control in patients with splenic marginal zone lymphoma (SMZL). However, systemic chemotherapy is ultimately required in many cases. The BRISMA (Bendamustine-rituximab as first-line treatment of splenic marginal zone lymphoma)/IELSG (International Extranodal Lymphoma Study Group)36 trial is an open-label, single arm phase II study designed by the IELSG in cooperation with the Fondazione Italiana Linfomi and the lymphoma Study Association according to Simon's two-stage method. The primary endpoint was complete response rate. Fifty-six patients with SMZL diagnosis confirmed on central revision were treated with bendamustine (90 mg/m2  days 1, 2) and rituximab (375 mg/m2  day 1) every 28 days for six cycles (B-R). The overall response and CR rates were 91% and 73%, respectively. Duration of response, progression-free survival and overall survival at 3 years were 93% (95% confidence interval [CI] 81-98), 90% (95% CI 77-96) and 96% (95% CI 84-98), respectively. Toxicity was mostly haematological. Neutropenia grade ≥3 was recorded in 43% of patients; infections and febrile neutropenia in 5·4% and 3·6%. Overall, 14 patients (25%) experienced serious adverse events. Five patients (9%) went off-study because of toxicity and one patient died from infection. In conclusion, B-R resulted in a very effective first-line regimen for SMZL. Based on the results achieved in the BRISMA trial, B-R should be considered when a chemotherapy combination with rituximab is deemed necessary for symptomatic SMZL patients.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Esplênicas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Cloridrato de Bendamustina/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma de Zona Marginal Tipo Células B/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Esplenectomia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Cancers (Basel) ; 10(11)2018 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30384489

RESUMO

Therapeutic blockade of PD-1/PD-L1 shows promising results in Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) and in some diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients, but biomarkers predicting such responses are still lacking. To this end, we recently developed a transcriptional scoring of immune escape (IE) in cancer biopsies. Using this method in DLBCL, we identified four stages of IE correlated with overall survival, but whether Hodgkin's lymphomas (HL) also display this partition was unknown. Thus, we explored the transcriptomic profiles of ~1000 HL and DLBCL using a comparative meta-analysis of their bulk microarrays. Relative to DLBCL, the HL co-clustered at the advanced stage of immune escape, displaying significant enrichment of both IE and T-cell activation genes. Analyses via transcriptome deconvolution and immunohistochemistry showed more CD3⁺ and CD4⁺ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in HL than DLBCL. Both HL and non-GCB DLBCL shared a high abundance of infiltrating CD8⁺ T-cells, but HL had less CD68⁺CD163⁺ macrophages. The same cellular distribution of PD-1 and TIM-3 was observed in HL and DLBCL, though HL had more PD-L1 tumor cells and LAG-3 ME cells. This study illuminates the advanced stage of immune activation and escape in HL, consistent with the response to checkpoint blockade therapies for this type of lymphoma.

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