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1.
J Sleep Res ; 29(1): e12889, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257666

RESUMO

The high prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea has led to increasing interest in ambulatory diagnosis. The SleepMinder™ (SM) is a novel non-contact device that employs radiofrequency wave technology to assess the breathing pattern, and thereby estimate obstructive sleep apnea severity. We assessed the performance of SleepMinder™ in the home diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea. One-hundred and twenty-two subjects were prospectively recruited in two protocols, one from an unselected sleep clinic cohort (n = 67, mean age 51 years) and a second from a hypertension clinic cohort (n = 55, mean age 58 years). All underwent 7 consecutive nights of home monitoring (SMHOME ) with the SleepMinder™ as well as inpatient-attended polysomnography in the sleep clinic cohort or cardiorespiratory polygraphy in the hypertension clinic cohort with simultaneous SleepMinder™ recordings (SMLAB ). In the sleep clinic cohort, median SMHOME apnea-hypopnea index correlated significantly with polysomnography apnea-hypopnea index (r = .68; p < .001), and in the hypertension clinic cohort with polygraphy apnea-hypopnea index (r = .7; p < .001). The median SMHOME performance against polysomnography in the sleep clinic cohort showed a sensitivity and specificity of 72% and 94% for apnea-hypopnea index ≥ 15. Device performance was inferior in females. In the hypertension clinic cohort, SMHOME showed a 50% sensitivity and 72% specificity for apnea-hypopnea index ≥ 15. SleepMinder™ classified 92% of cases correctly or within one severity class of the polygraphy classification. Night-to-night variability in home testing was relatively high, especially at lower apnea-hypopnea index levels. We conclude that the SleepMinder™ device provides a useful ambulatory screening tool, especially in a population suspected of obstructive sleep apnea, and is most accurate in moderate-severe obstructive sleep apnea.

2.
J Food Sci Technol ; 55(12): 4859-4866, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30482981

RESUMO

This research was performed to evaluate the impact of a novel ion-exchange treatment on the organoleptic, pH, color (hue and intensity), and oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) properties of commercial red wines. The ion-exchange treatment used in this study is a commercially available device containing a double cation-anion exchange resin. The device is applied, directly by the consumer, to finished bottled wines with the purpose of mitigating the effects of potentially noxious compounds such as biogenic amines and sulfites. Sensory evaluation tests included discriminative, affective, and Quantitative Descriptive Analysis sensory tests were employed to evaluate the impact on the perceived taste of treated wines. The pH, ORP and color parameters (hue and intensity) of wines were measured to assess any physicochemical alterations that may help to explain the results of the sensory evaluation. While no significant changes in color hue or intensity were found, the results showed a reduction in pH (0.07-0.12) and an increase in ORP (2.667-6.666 mV). However, the changes in pH and ORP did not result in a detectable change in wine taste for the sensory panelists. These findings have important implications for the wine industry, where many consumers select wines for their characteristic taste qualities. Thus, any treatment to potentially remove noxious compounds should not impact the characteristic organoleptic properties of a chosen wine.

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