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1.
A A Pract ; 14(11): e01308, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32935951

RESUMO

This survey study evaluates the user experience of an electronic maternal early warning system that generates automated pages. Survey domains included the system's effect on patient care, alarm fatigue, and continued use of the system. The response rate was 47.7% (273 of 572). A majority, 83%, felt that the system should remain in use, and 64.5% felt it improved patient safety. Of those who believed that they had received a page, 51.4% felt that they received pages "too frequently." Although alarm fatigue was not fully evaluated, providers on our unit support the continued use of this automated maternal electronic surveillance system.

2.
Anesth Analg ; 130(5): 1133-1146, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32287121

RESUMO

Use of the electronic health record (EHR) has become a routine part of perioperative care in the United States. Secondary use of EHR data includes research, quality, and educational initiatives. Fundamental to secondary use is a framework to ensure fidelity, transparency, and completeness of the source data. In developing this framework, competing priorities must be considered as to which data sources are used and how data are organized and incorporated into a useable format. In assembling perioperative data from diverse institutions across the United States and Europe, the Multicenter Perioperative Outcomes Group (MPOG) has developed methods to support such a framework. This special article outlines how MPOG has approached considerations of data structure, validation, and accessibility to support multicenter integration of perioperative EHRs. In this multicenter practice registry, MPOG has developed processes to extract data from the perioperative EHR; transform data into a standardized format; and validate, deidentify, and transfer data to a secure central Coordinating Center database. Participating institutions may obtain access to this central database, governed by quality and research committees, to inform clinical practice and contribute to the scientific and clinical communities. Through a rigorous and standardized approach to ensure data integrity, MPOG enables data to be usable for quality improvement and advancing scientific knowledge. As of March 2019, our collaboration of 46 hospitals has accrued 10.7 million anesthesia records with associated perioperative EHR data across heterogeneous vendors. Facilitated by MPOG, each site retains access to a local repository containing all site-specific perioperative data, distinct from source EHRs and readily available for local research, quality, and educational initiatives. Through committee approval processes, investigators at participating sites may additionally access multicenter data for similar initiatives. Emerging from this work are 4 considerations that our group has prioritized to improve data quality: (1) data should be available at the local level before Coordinating Center transfer; (2) data should be rigorously validated against standardized metrics before use; (3) data should be curated into computable phenotypes that are easily accessible; and (4) data should be collected for both research and quality improvement purposes because these complementary goals bolster the strength of each endeavor.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/normas , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde/normas , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto/normas , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/normas , Assistência Perioperatória/normas , Melhoria de Qualidade/normas , Pesquisa Biomédica/tendências , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde/tendências , Humanos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/tendências , Assistência Perioperatória/tendências , Melhoria de Qualidade/tendências
3.
Anesth Analg ; 131(3): 857-865, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A leading cause of preventable maternal death is related to delayed response to clinical warning signs. Electronic surveillance systems may improve detection of maternal morbidity with automated notifications. This retrospective observational study evaluates the ability of an automated surveillance system and the Maternal Early Warning Criteria (MEWC) to detect severely morbid postpartum hemorrhage (sPPH) after delivery. METHODS: The electronic health records of adult obstetric patients of any gestational age delivering between April 1, 2017 and December 1, 2018 were queried to identify scheduled or unscheduled vaginal or cesarean deliveries. Deliveries complicated by sPPH were identified and defined by operative management of postpartum hemorrhage, transfusion of ≥4 units of packed red blood cells (pRBCs), ≥2 units of pRBCs and ≥2 units of fresh-frozen plasma, transfusion with >1 dose of furosemide, or transfer to the intensive care unit. The test characteristics of automated pages and the MEWC for identification of sPPH 24 hours after delivery were determined and compared using sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs). McNemar test was used to compare these estimates for both early warning systems. RESULTS: The average age at admission was 30.7 years (standard deviation [SD] = 5.1 years), mean gestational age 38 weeks 4 days, and cesarean delivery accounted for 30.0% of deliveries. Of 7853 deliveries, 120 (1.5%) were complicated by sPPH. The sensitivity of automated pages for sPPH within 24 hours of delivery was 60.8% (95% CI, 52.1-69.6), specificity 82.5% (95% CI, 81.7-83.4), PPV 5.1% (95% CI, 4.0-6.3), and NPV 99.3% (95% CI, 99.1-99.5). The test characteristics of the MEWC for sPPH were sensitivity 75.0% (95% CI, 67.3-82.7), specificity 66.3% (95% CI, 65.2-67.3), PPV 3.3% (95% CI, 2.7-4.0), and NPV 99.4% (95% CI, 99.2-99.6). There were 10 sPPH cases identified by automated pages, but not by the MEWC. Six of these cases were identified by a page for anemia, and 4 cases were the result of vital signs detected by the bedside monitor, but not recorded in the patient's medical record by the bedside nurse. Therefore, the combined sensitivity of the 2 systems was 83.3% (95% CI, 75.4-89.5). CONCLUSIONS: The automated system identified 10 of 120 deliveries complicated by sPPH not identified by the MEWC. Using an automated alerting system in combination with a labor and delivery unit's existing nursing-driven early warning system may improve detection of sPPH.


Assuntos
Escore de Alerta Precoce , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/diagnóstico , Sinais Vitais , Adulto , Diagnóstico Precoce , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/etiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/fisiopatologia , Hemorragia Pós-Parto/terapia , Período Pós-Parto , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Gravidez , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo
4.
Can J Anaesth ; 67(2): 225-234, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529370

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Intraoperative hypoglycemia can result in devastating neurologic injury if not promptly diagnosed and treated. Few studies have defined risk factors for intraoperative hypoglycemia. The authors sought to characterize children with intraoperative hypoglycemia and determine independent risk factors. METHODS: This retrospective observational single-institution study included all patients < 18 yr of age undergoing an anesthetic from January 1 2012 to December 31 2016. The primary outcome was blood glucose < 3.3 mmol·L-1 (60 mg·dl-1). Data collected included patient characteristics, comorbidities, and intraoperative factors. A multivariable logistic regression model was used to identify independent predictors of intraoperative hypoglycemia. RESULTS: Blood glucose was measured in 7,715 of 73,592 cases with 271 (3.5%) having a glucose < 3.3 mmol·L-1 (60 mg·dl-1). Young age, weight for age < 5th percentile, developmental delay, presence of a gastric or jejunal tube, and abdominal surgery were identified as independent predictors for intraoperative hypoglycemia. Eighty percent of hypoglycemia cases occurred in children < three years of age and in children < 15 kg. CONCLUSION: Young age, weight for age < 5th percentile, developmental delay, having a gastric or jejunal tube, and abdominal surgery were independent risk factors for intraoperative hypoglycemia in children. Frequent monitoring of blood glucose and judicious isotonic dextrose administration may be warranted in these children.

5.
Anesthesiology ; 132(3): 461-475, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794513

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the significant healthcare impact of acute kidney injury, little is known regarding prevention. Single-center data have implicated hypotension in developing postoperative acute kidney injury. The generalizability of this finding and the interaction between hypotension and baseline patient disease burden remain unknown. The authors sought to determine whether the association between intraoperative hypotension and acute kidney injury varies by preoperative risk. METHODS: Major noncardiac surgical procedures performed on adult patients across eight hospitals between 2008 and 2015 were reviewed. Derivation and validation cohorts were used, and cases were stratified into preoperative risk quartiles based upon comorbidities and surgical procedure. After preoperative risk stratification, associations between intraoperative hypotension and acute kidney injury were analyzed. Hypotension was defined as the lowest mean arterial pressure range achieved for more than 10 min; ranges were defined as absolute (mmHg) or relative (percentage of decrease from baseline). RESULTS: Among 138,021 cases reviewed, 12,431 (9.0%) developed postoperative acute kidney injury. Major risk factors included anemia, estimated glomerular filtration rate, surgery type, American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status, and expected anesthesia duration. Using such factors and others for risk stratification, patients with low baseline risk demonstrated no associations between intraoperative hypotension and acute kidney injury. Patients with medium risk demonstrated associations between severe-range intraoperative hypotension (mean arterial pressure less than 50 mmHg) and acute kidney injury (adjusted odds ratio, 2.62; 95% CI, 1.65 to 4.16 in validation cohort). In patients with the highest risk, mild hypotension ranges (mean arterial pressure 55 to 59 mmHg) were associated with acute kidney injury (adjusted odds ratio, 1.34; 95% CI, 1.16 to 1.56). Compared with absolute hypotension, relative hypotension demonstrated weak associations with acute kidney injury not replicable in the validation cohort. CONCLUSIONS: Adult patients undergoing noncardiac surgery demonstrate varying associations with distinct levels of hypotension when stratified by preoperative risk factors. Specific levels of absolute hypotension, but not relative hypotension, are an important independent risk factor for acute kidney injury.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/complicações , Lesão Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Hipotensão/complicações , Hipotensão/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anemia/complicações , Pressão Arterial , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Complicações Intraoperatórias/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pré-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
6.
Br J Anaesth ; 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33454051

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) requiring mechanical ventilation have high mortality and resource utilisation. The ability to predict which patients may require mechanical ventilation allows increased acuity of care and targeted interventions to potentially mitigate deterioration. METHODS: We included hospitalised patients with COVID-19 in this single-centre retrospective observational study. Our primary outcome was mechanical ventilation or death within 24 h. As clinical decompensation is more recognisable, but less modifiable, as the prediction window shrinks, we also assessed 4, 12, and 48 h prediction windows. Model features included demographic information, laboratory results, comorbidities, medication administration, and vital signs. We created a Random Forest model, and assessed performance using 10-fold cross-validation. The model was compared with models derived from generalised estimating equations using discrimination. RESULTS: Ninety-three (23%) of 398 patients required mechanical ventilation or died within 14 days of admission. The Random Forest model predicted pending mechanical ventilation with good discrimination (C-statistic=0.858; 95% confidence interval, 0.841-0.874), which is comparable with the discrimination of the generalised estimating equation regression. Vitals sign data including SpO2/FiO2 ratio (Random Forest Feature Importance Z-score=8.56), ventilatory frequency (5.97), and heart rate (5.87) had the highest predictive utility. In our highest-risk cohort, the number of patients needed to identify a single new case was 3.2, and for our second quintile it was 5.0. CONCLUSION: Machine learning techniques can be leveraged to improve the ability to predict which patients with COVID-19 are likely to require mechanical ventilation, identifying unrecognised bellwethers and providing insight into the constellation of accompanying signs of respiratory failure in COVID-19.

8.
A A Pract ; 12(10): 378-381, 2019 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31091201

RESUMO

Although rare, cannot intubate and cannot oxygenate situations are challenging acute events. The development of management algorithms, standardized equipment provisions, and appropriate clinical training in the application of front-of-neck access techniques are necessary to optimize procedural success to ensure adequate oxygenation. The OxyTain algorithm is an institutionally developed protocol to manage cannot intubate and cannot oxygenate events. With proper implementation, this unique process aligning the cannula cricothyroidotomy and scalpel bougie as primary and secondary techniques, respectively, can potentially optimize procedural success. This algorithmic approach is trained routinely among our anesthesia providers, while the equipment is standardized throughout our anesthetizing locations.


Assuntos
Manuseio das Vias Aéreas/métodos , Educação Médica Continuada/métodos , Manuseio das Vias Aéreas/instrumentação , Algoritmos , Cânula , Competência Clínica , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal/efeitos adversos
9.
Anesthesiology ; 129(3): 615-616, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30106789
10.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 18(1): 78, 2018 06 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29945569

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Maternal early warning systems reduce maternal morbidity. We developed an electronic maternal surveillance system capable of visually summarizing the labor and delivery census and identifying changes in clinical status. Automatic page alerts to clinical providers, using an algorithm developed at our institution, were incorporated in an effort to improve early detection of maternal morbidity. We report the frequency of pages generated by the system. To our knowledge, this is the first time such a system has been used in peripartum care. METHODS: Alert criteria were developed after review of maternal early warning systems, including the Maternal Early Warning Criteria (MEWC). Careful consideration was given to the frequency of pages generated by the surveillance system. MEWC notification criteria were liberalized and a paging algorithm was created that triggered paging alerts to first responders (nurses) and then managing services due to the assumption that paging all clinicians for each vital sign triggering MEWC would generate an inordinate number of pages. For preliminary analysis, to determine the effect of our automated paging algorithm on alerting frequency, the paging frequency of this system was compared to the frequency of vital signs meeting the Maternal Early Warning Criteria (MEWC). This retrospective analysis was limited to a sample of 34 patient rooms uniquely capable of storing every vital sign reported by the bedside monitor. RESULTS: Over a 91-day period, from April 1 to July 1, 2017, surveillance was conducted from 64 monitored beds, and the obstetrics service received one automated page every 2.3 h. The most common triggers for alerts were for hypertension and tachycardia. For the subset of 34 patient rooms uniquely capable of real-time recording, one vital sign met the MEWC every 9.6 to 10.3 min. Anecdotally, the system was well-received. CONCLUSIONS: This novel electronic maternal surveillance system is designed to reduce cognitive bias and improve timely clinical recognition of maternal deterioration. The automated paging algorithm developed for this software dramatically reduces paging frequency compared to paging for isolated vital sign abnormalities alone. Long-term, prospective studies will be required to determine its impact on patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Trabalho de Parto , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Período Periparto , Sinais Vitais , Algoritmos , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 18(1): 16, 2018 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29402220

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This paper describes the design of a multifunction alerting display for intraoperative anesthetic care. The design was inspired by the multifunction primary flight display used in modern aviation. RESULTS: The display retrieves live data from multiple sources; the physiologic monitors, the anesthesia information management system, the laboratory values and comorbidities from patient's problem summary list, medical history or history & physical. This information is integrated into a display composed of readily identifiable icons of organ systems, which are color coded to signify normal range, marginal range, abnormal range (by green, yellow, red respectively) and orange outlines for comorbidities/risk factors. There are dozens of text alerts, which can be presented as black text (informational), red text (important information) and red scrolling text (highest importance information). The alerts are derived from current standards in the literature and some involve complex calculations being conducted in the background. CONCLUSIONS: The goal of such a system is to improve the quality and safety of anesthetic care by providing enhanced situational awareness in a fashion analogous to the "glass cockpit" and its primary flight display which has improved aviation safety.


Assuntos
Anestesia/métodos , Sistemas de Apoio a Decisões Clínicas/instrumentação , Desenho de Equipamento , Monitorização Intraoperatória/instrumentação , Conscientização , Apresentação de Dados , Humanos , Software
13.
Anesthesiology ; 128(2): 272-282, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29337743

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The authors hypothesized that a multiparameter intraoperative decision support system with real-time visualizations may improve processes of care and outcomes. METHODS: Electronic health record data were retrospectively compared over a 6-yr period across three groups: experimental cases, in which the decision support system was used for 75% or more of the case at sole discretion of the providers; parallel controls (system used 74% or less); and historical controls before system implementation. Inclusion criteria were adults under general anesthesia, advanced medical disease, case duration of 60 min or longer, and length of stay of two days or more. The process measures were avoidance of intraoperative hypotension, ventilator tidal volume greater than 10 ml/kg, and crystalloid administration (ml · kg · h). The secondary outcome measures were myocardial injury, acute kidney injury, mortality, length of hospital stay, and encounter charges. RESULTS: A total of 26,769 patients were evaluated: 7,954 experimental cases, 10,933 parallel controls, and 7,882 historical controls. Comparing experimental cases to parallel controls with propensity score adjustment, the data demonstrated the following medians, interquartile ranges, and effect sizes: hypotension 1 (0 to 5) versus 1 (0 to 5) min, P < 0.001, beta = -0.19; crystalloid administration 5.88 ml · kg · h (4.18 to 8.18) versus 6.17 (4.32 to 8.79), P < 0.001, beta = -0.03; tidal volume greater than 10 ml/kg 28% versus 37%, P < 0.001, adjusted odds ratio 0.65 (0.53 to 0.80); encounter charges $65,770 ($41,237 to $123,869) versus $69,373 ($42,101 to $132,817), P < 0.001, beta = -0.003. The secondary clinical outcome measures were not significantly affected. CONCLUSIONS: The use of an intraoperative decision support system was associated with improved process measures, but not postoperative clinical outcomes.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Apoio a Decisões Clínicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Complicações Intraoperatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Anesth Analg ; 127(3): 744-752, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29256940

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effect of neither transfusion guidelines nor decision support tools on intraoperative transfusion has been previously evaluated. The University of Michigan introduced a transfusion guideline in 2009, and in 2011, the Department of Anesthesiology developed a transfusion decision support tool. The primary aim of this study was to assess the associations of the transfusion guideline and the optional use of the software transfusion tool with intraoperative behaviors; pretransfusion hematocrit assessment (whether or not a hematocrit was checked before each red cell unit) and restrictive red cell use (withholding transfusion unless the hematocrit was ≤21%). METHODS: This was a before-after retrospective study without a concurrent control group of patients transfused 1-3 units of red cells intraoperatively. Three phases were studied to provide data both before and after the implementation of the transfusion guideline and the intraoperative software tool. Within each phase, trends of checking hematocrits before transfusion and restrictive transfusion were charted against time. F tests were used to measure differences of slopes. The difference between means of each phase was measured using Mann-Whitney U tests. Independent associations were measured using mixed-effects multivariable logistic regression. A secondary outcome analysis was conducted for 30-day mortality, myocardial infarction, renal injury, and their combination. RESULTS: The transfusion guideline was associated with increased pretransfusion hematocrit evaluation (67.4%, standard deviation [SD] 3.9 vs 76.5%, SD 2.7; P < .001) and restrictive transfusion practice (14.0%, SD 7.4 vs 33.3%, SD 4.4; P = .001). After adjustment for confounders, the guideline phase was independently associated with increased hematocrit checking (odds ratio, 1.72; 95% confidence interval, 1.46-2.03; P < .001) and restrictive red cell transfusion (odds ratio, 2.95; 95% confidence interval, 2.46-3.54; P < .001). The software tool was not associated with either transfusion behavior. There was no significant change in the rate of renal injury (16.06%), myocardial injury (4.93%), 30-day mortality (5.47%), or a composite (21.90%). CONCLUSIONS: The introduction of a transfusion guideline was independently associated with increased intraoperative pretransfusion hematocrit assessment and restrictive transfusion. The use of a software tool did not further influence either behavior.


Assuntos
Transfusão de Eritrócitos/normas , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/normas , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Software/normas , Adulto , Idoso , Transfusão de Eritrócitos/métodos , Feminino , Hematócrito/métodos , Hematócrito/normas , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
J Clin Monit Comput ; 32(4): 699-705, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28965158

RESUMO

The American Society of Anesthesiologists Standards for Basic Monitoring recommends blood pressure (BP) measurement every 5 min. Research has shown distractions or technical factors can cause prolonged measurement intervals exceeding 5 min. We investigated the relationship between prolonged non-invasive BP (NIBP) measurement interval and the incidence of hypotension, detected post-interval. Our secondary outcome was to determine independent predictors of these prolonged NIBP measurement intervals. Retrospective data were analyzed from 139,509 general anesthesia cases from our institution's Anesthesia Information Management System (AIMS). Absolute hypotension (AH) was defined a priori as a systolic BP < 80 mmHg and relative hypotension (RH) was defined as a 40% decrease in systolic BP from the preoperative baseline. Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals and Pearson's Chi square Test reported the association of prolonged NIBP measurement intervals on hypotension detected post-NIBP measurement interval. Logistic regression models were developed to determine independent predictors of NIBP measurement intervals. The analysis revealed that NIBP measurement intervals greater than 6 and 10 min are associated with an approximately four times higher incidence of a patient transitioning into hypotension (AH/RH > 6 min OR 4.0 / 3.6; AH/RH > 10 min OR 4.3 / 3.9; p < 0.001). A key finding was that the "> 10-minute AH model" indicated that age 41-80, increased co-morbidity profile, obesity and turning (repositioning) of the operative room table were significant predictors of prolonged NIBP measurement intervals (p < 0.001). While we do not suggest NIBP measurement intervals cause hypotension, intervals greater than 6 and 10 min are associated with a fourfold increase in the propensity of an undetected transition into both RH or AH. These data support current monitoring guidelines.


Assuntos
Determinação da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Hipotensão/diagnóstico , Hipotensão/etiologia , Complicações Intraoperatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Intraoperatórias/etiologia , Monitorização Intraoperatória/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Determinação da Pressão Arterial/efeitos adversos , Determinação da Pressão Arterial/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Hipotensão/prevenção & controle , Complicações Intraoperatórias/prevenção & controle , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monitorização Intraoperatória/efeitos adversos , Monitorização Intraoperatória/normas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Falha de Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
Anesthesiology ; 126(2): 249-259, 2017 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27906705

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Assessment of need for intravascular volume resuscitation remains challenging for anesthesiologists. Dynamic waveform indices, including systolic and pulse pressure variation, are demonstrated as reliable measures of fluid responsiveness for mechanically ventilated patients. Despite widespread use, real-world reference distributions for systolic and pulse pressure variation values have not been established for euvolemic intraoperative patients. The authors sought to establish systolic and pulse pressure variation reference distributions and assess the impact of modifying factors. METHODS: The authors evaluated adult patients undergoing general anesthetics for elective noncardiac surgery. Median systolic and pulse pressure variations during a 50-min postinduction period were noted for each case. Modifying factors including body mass index, age, ventilator settings, positioning, and hemodynamic management were studied via univariate and multivariable analyses. For systolic pressure variation values, effects of data entry method (manually entered vs. automated recorded) were similarly studied. RESULTS: Among 1,791 cases, per-case median systolic and pulse pressure variation values formed nonparametric distributions. For each distribution, median values, interquartile ranges, and reference intervals (2.5th to 97.5th percentile) were, respectively, noted: these included manually entered systolic pressure variation (6.0, 5.0 to 7.0, and 3.0 to 11.0 mmHg), automated systolic pressure variation (4.7, 3.9 to 6.0, and 2.2 to 10.4 mmHg), and automated pulse pressure variation (7.0, 5.0 to 9.0, and 2.0 to 16.0%). Nonsupine positioning and preoperative ß blocker were independently associated with altered systolic and pulse pressure variations, whereas ventilator tidal volume more than 8 ml/kg ideal body weight and peak inspiratory pressure more than 16 cm H2O demonstrated independent associations for systolic pressure variation only. CONCLUSIONS: This study establishes real-world systolic and pulse pressure variation reference distributions absent in the current literature. Through a consideration of reference distributions and modifying factors, the authors' study provides further evidence for assessing intraoperative volume status and fluid management therapies.


Assuntos
Pressão Arterial/fisiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Posicionamento do Paciente/métodos , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Feminino , Hemodinâmica/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
19.
Anesth Analg ; 122(3): 608-15, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25977993

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intraoperative electrocardiographic monitoring is considered a standard of care. However, there are no evidence-based algorithms for using intraoperative ST segment data to identify patients at high risk for adverse perioperative cardiac events. Therefore, we performed an exploratory study of statistical measures summarizing intraoperative ST segment values determine whether the variability of these measurements was associated with adverse postoperative events. We hypothesized that elevation, depression, and variability of ST segments captured in an anesthesia information management system are associated with postoperative serum troponin elevation. METHODS: We conducted a single-institution, retrospective study of intraoperative automated ST segment measurements from leads I, II, and III, which were recorded in the electronic anesthesia record of adult patients undergoing noncardiac surgery. The maximum, minimum, mean, and SD of ST segment values were entered into logistic regression models to find independent associations with myocardial injury, defined as an elevated serum troponin concentration during the 7 days after surgery. Performance of these models was assessed by measuring the area under the receiver operator characteristic curve. The net reclassification improvement was calculated to quantify the amount of information that the ST segment values analysis added regarding the ability to predict postoperative troponin elevation. RESULTS: Of 81,011 subjects, 4504 (5.6%) had postoperative myocardial injury. After adjusting for patient characteristics, the ST segment maximal depression (e.g., lead I: odds ratio [OR], 1.66; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.26-2.19; P = 0.0004), maximal elevation (e.g., lead I: OR, 1.70; 95% CI, 1.34-2.17; P < 0.0001), and SD (e.g., lead I: OR, 0.16; 95% CI, 0.06-0.42; P = 0.0002) were found to have statistically significant associations with myocardial injury. Increased SD was associated with decreased risk when accounting for the maximal amount of ST segment depression and elevation and for patient characteristics. The ST segment summary statistics model had fair discrimination, with an area under the receiver operator characteristic curve of 0.71 (95% CI, 0.68-0.73). Addition of ST segment data produced a net reclassification improvement of 0.0345 (95% CI, 0.00016-0.0591; P = 0.0474). CONCLUSIONS: Analysis of automated ST segment values obtained during anesthesia may be useful for improving the prediction of postoperative troponin elevation.


Assuntos
Eletrocardiografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Monitorização Intraoperatória/estatística & dados numéricos , Troponina/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anestesia , Automação , Cardiomiopatias/sangue , Cardiomiopatias/etiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Eletrocardiografia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monitorização Intraoperatória/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Anesthesiol Res Pract ; 2015: 623959, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25653678

RESUMO

An educational intervention was implemented at the University of Michigan starting in 2008, in which anesthesiology interns complete a dedicated month-long didactic rotation in evidence-based medicine (EBM) and research methodology. We sought to assess its utility. Scores on a validated EBM test before and after the rotation were compared and assessed for significance of improvement. A survey was also given to gauge satisfaction with the quality of the rotation and self-reported improvement in understanding of EBM topics. Fourteen consecutive interns completed the research rotation during the study period. One hundred percent completed both the pre- and postrotation test. The mean pretest score was 7.78 ± 2.46 (median = 7.5, 0-15 scale, and interquartile range 7.0-10.0) and the mean posttest score was 10.00 ± 2.35 (median = 9.5, interquartile range 8.0-12.3), which represented a statistically significant increase (P = 0.011, Wilcoxon signed-rank test). All fourteen of the residents "agreed" or "strongly agreed" that they would recommend the course to future interns and that the course increased their ability to critically review the literature. Our findings demonstrate that this can be an effective means of improving understanding of EBM topics and anesthesiology research.

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