*Phys Rev Lett ; 130(7): 073801, 2023 Feb 17.*

##### RESUMO

We show that instantaneous spatial singular modes of light in a dynamically evolving, turbulent atmosphere offer significantly improved high-fidelity signal transmission as compared to standard encoding bases corrected by adaptive optics. Their enhanced stability in stronger turbulence is associated with a subdiffusive algebraic decay of the transmitted power with evolution time.

*Opt Express ; 30(11): 19343-19359, 2022 May 23.*

##### RESUMO

We theoretically investigate the noise properties of harmonic cavity nanolasers by introducing a model of coupled equations of evolution of the modes, taking spontaneous emission into account. This model is used to predict the noise among the nanolaser Hermite-Gaussian modes, both in continuous wave and mode-locked regimes. In the first case, the laser noise is described in terms of noise modes, thus illustrating the role of the laser dynamics. In the latter case, this leads to the calculation of the fluctuations of the pulse train parameters. The influence of the different laser parameters, including the amount of saturated absorption and the Henry factors, on the noise of the mode-locked regime is discussed in details.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 129(12): 123605, 2022 Sep 16.*

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The power spectrum of an optical field can be acquired without a spectrally resolving detector by means of Fourier-transform spectrometry, based on measuring the temporal autocorrelation of the optical field. Analogously, we here perform temporal envelope measurements of ultrashort optical pulses without time resolved detection. We introduce the technique of Fourier transform chronometry, where the temporal envelope is acquired by measuring the frequency autocorrelation of the optical field in a linear interferometer. We apply our technique, which is the time-frequency conjugate measurement to Fourier-transform spectrometry, to experimentally measure the pulse envelope of classical and single-photon light pulses.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 127(12): 123604, 2021 Sep 17.*

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Recent works identified resolution limits for the distance between incoherent point sources. However, it remains unclear how to choose suitable observables and estimators to reach these limits in practical situations. Here, we show how estimators saturating the Cramér-Rao bound for the distance between two thermal point sources can be constructed using an optimally designed observable in the presence of practical imperfections, such as misalignment, cross talk, and detector noise.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 125(16): 160504, 2020 Oct 16.*

##### RESUMO

The characterization of quantum features in large Hilbert spaces is a crucial requirement for testing quantum protocols. In the continuous variable encoding, quantum homodyne tomography requires an amount of measurement that increases exponentially with the number of involved modes, which practically makes the protocol intractable even with few modes. Here, we introduce a new technique, based on a machine learning protocol with artificial neural networks, that allows us to directly detect negativity of the Wigner function for multimode quantum states. We test the procedure on a whole class of numerically simulated multimode quantum states for which the Wigner function is known analytically. We demonstrate that the method is fast, accurate, and more robust than conventional methods when limited amounts of data are available. Moreover, the method is applied to an experimental multimode quantum state, for which an additional test of resilience to losses is carried out.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 125(10): 100501, 2020 Sep 04.*

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Superresolution techniques based on intensity measurements after a spatial mode decomposition can overcome the precision of diffraction-limited direct imaging. However, realistic measurement devices always introduce finite crosstalk in any such mode decomposition. Here, we show that any nonzero crosstalk leads to a breakdown of superresolution when the number N of detected photons is large. Combining statistical and analytical tools, we obtain the scaling of the precision limits for weak, generic crosstalk from a device-independent model as a function of the crosstalk probability and N. The scaling of the smallest distance that can be distinguished from noise changes from N^{-1/2} for an ideal measurement to N^{-1/4} in the presence of crosstalk.

*Opt Express ; 28(8): 12385-12394, 2020 Apr 13.*

##### RESUMO

We present a single-pass source of broadband multimode squeezed light with potential application in quantum information and quantum metrology. The source is based on a type I parametric down-conversion (PDC) process inside a bulk nonlinear crystal in a non-collinear configuration. The generated squeezed light exhibits a spatio-temporal multimode behavior that is probed using a homodyne measurement with a local oscillator shaped both spatially and temporally. Finally we follow a covariance matrix based approach to reveal the distribution of the squeezing among several independent temporal and spatial modes. This unambiguously validates the multimode feature of our source.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 124(15): 150501, 2020 Apr 17.*

##### RESUMO

Negativity of the Wigner function is seen as a crucial resource for reaching a quantum computational advantage with continuous variable systems. However, these systems, while they allow for the deterministic generation of large entangled states, require an extra element such as photon subtraction to obtain such negativity. Photon subtraction is known to affect modes beyond the one where the photon is subtracted, an effect which is governed by the correlations of the state. In this Letter, we build upon this effect to remotely prepare states with Wigner negativity. More specifically, we show that photon subtraction can induce Wigner negativity in a correlated mode if and only if that correlated mode can perform Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen steering in the mode of subtraction.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 124(9): 090501, 2020 Mar 06.*

##### RESUMO

Multipartite entanglement serves as a vital resource for quantum information processing. Generally, its generation requires complex beam splitting processes which limit scalability. A promising trend is to integrate multiple nonlinear processes into a single device via frequency or time multiplexing. The generated states in these schemes are useful for quantum computation. However, they are confined in one or two beams and hard to be spatially separated for applications in quantum communication. Here, we experimentally demonstrate a scheme to generate spatially separated hexapartite entangled states by means of spatially multiplexing seven concurrent four-wave mixing processes. In addition, we show that the entanglement structure characterized by subsystem entanglement distribution can be modified by appropriately shaping the pump characteristics. Such reconfigurability of the entanglement structure gives the possibility to target a desired multipartite entangled state for a specific quantum communication protocol. Our results here provide a new platform for generating large scale spatially separated reconfigurable multipartite entangled beams.

*Opt Lett ; 44(16): 3992-3995, 2019 Aug 15.*

##### RESUMO

We study noise propagation dynamics in a femtosecond oscillator by injecting external noise on the pump intensity. We utilize a spectrally resolved homodyne detection technique that enables simultaneous measurement of amplitude and phase quadrature noises of different spectral bands of the oscillator. We perform a modal analysis of the oscillator noise in which each mode corresponds to a particular temporal/spectral shape of the pulsed light. We compare this modal approach with the conventional noise detection methods and find the superiority of our method, in particular unveiling a complete physical picture of noise distribution in the femtosecond oscillator.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 121(22): 220501, 2018 Nov 30.*

##### RESUMO

Graph states are the backbone of measurement-based continuous-variable quantum computation. However, experimental realizations of these states induce Gaussian measurement statistics for the field quadratures, which poses a barrier to obtain a genuine quantum advantage. In this Letter, we propose mode-selective photon addition and subtraction as viable and experimentally feasible pathways to introduce non-Gaussian features in such continuous-variable graph states. In particular, we investigate how the non-Gaussian properties spread among the vertices of the graph, which allows us to show the degree of control that is achievable in this approach.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 120(21): 213601, 2018 May 25.*

##### RESUMO

High-dimensional quantum information processing promises capabilities beyond the current state of the art, but addressing individual information-carrying modes presents a significant experimental challenge. Here we demonstrate effective high-dimensional operations in the time-frequency domain of nonclassical light. We generate heralded photons with tailored temporal-mode structures through the pulse shaping of a broadband parametric down-conversion pump. We then implement a quantum pulse gate, enabled by dispersion-engineered sum-frequency generation, to project onto programmable temporal modes, reconstructing the quantum state in seven dimensions. We also manipulate the time-frequency structure by selectively removing temporal modes, explicitly demonstrating the effectiveness of engineered nonlinear processes for the mode-selective manipulation of quantum states.

*Opt Express ; 26(10): 13252-13263, 2018 May 14.*

##### RESUMO

We present an upconversion imaging experiment from the near-infrared to the visible spectrum. Using a dedicated broadband pump laser to increase the number of resolved elements converted in the image we obtain up to 56x64 spatial elements with a 2.7 nm wide pump spectrum, more than 10 times the number of elements accessible with a narrowband laser. Results in terms of field of view, resolution and conversion efficiency are in good agreement with simulations. The computed sensitivity of our experiment favorably compares with direct InGaAs camera detection.

*Opt Lett ; 43(6): 1267-1270, 2018 Mar 15.*

##### RESUMO

In this work, we investigate three different compact fibered systems generating vacuum squeezing that involve optical cavities limited by the end surface of a fiber and by a curved mirror and containing a thin parametric crystal. These systems have the advantage to couple squeezed states directly to a fiber, allowing the user to benefit from the flexibility of fibers in the use of squeezing. Three types of fibers are investigated: standard single-mode fibers, photonic-crystal large-mode-area single-mode fibers, and short multimode fibers taped to a single-mode fiber. The observed squeezing is modest (-0.56 dB, -0.9 dB, -1 dB), but these experiments open the way for miniaturized squeezing devices that could be a very interesting advantage in scaling up quantum systems for quantum processing, opening new perspectives in the domain of integrated quantum optics.

*Opt Lett ; 42(23): 4865-4868, 2017 Dec 01.*

##### RESUMO

We investigate quantum properties of light in optical parametric oscillators (OPOs) based on four-wave mixing gain in media with third-order nonlinearities. In spite of other competing χ(3) effects such as phase modulation, bipartite and tripartite entanglement is predicted above threshold. These findings are relevant for recent implementations of complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS)-compatible on-chip OPOs.

*Phys Rev Lett ; 119(18): 183601, 2017 Nov 03.*

##### RESUMO

Non-Gaussian operations are essential to exploit the quantum advantages in optical continuous variable quantum information protocols. We focus on mode-selective photon addition and subtraction as experimentally promising processes to create multimode non-Gaussian states. Our approach is based on correlation functions, as is common in quantum statistical mechanics and condensed matter physics, mixed with quantum optics tools. We formulate an analytical expression of the Wigner function after the subtraction or addition of a single photon, for arbitrarily many modes. It is used to demonstrate entanglement properties specific to non-Gaussian states and also leads to a practical and elegant condition for Wigner function negativity. Finally, we analyze the potential of photon addition and subtraction for an experimentally generated multimode Gaussian state.

*Opt Express ; 25(19): 23060-23069, 2017 Sep 18.*

##### RESUMO

We propose and demonstrate experimentally the transfer of one spatial degree of freedom of a laser beam onto another one. Using a multi-plane light conversion device (MPLC) and a modal analysis, we designed a passive setup with immediate response which couples a displacement and tilt in the transverse plane to a longitudinal shift of the focus point of a beam. With this design, we demonstrated a shift of the focal point of the output beam by 4 zR along the propagation axis.

*Opt Lett ; 42(10): 2006-2009, 2017 May 15.*

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We report an upconversion experiment using an orientation-patterned gallium arsenide (OP-GaAs) crystal to detect small mid-infrared signals on an InGaAs avalanche photodiode. A conversion efficiency up to 20% with a nonpolarized pulsed fiber pump is demonstrated. Our uncooled setup is favorably compared in terms of noise equivalent power, dynamic range, and response time to cryogenically cooled HgCdTe detectors. Its dependence on the polarization of both the pump and signal beams is also investigated.

*Opt Express ; 23(25): 32777-87, 2015 Dec 14.*

##### RESUMO

We theoretically investigate the quantum uncertainty in the beam width of transverse optical modes and, for this purpose, define a corresponding quantum operator. Single mode states are studied as well as multimode states with small quantum noise. General relations are derived, and specific examples of different modes and quantum states are examined. For the multimode case, we show that the quantum uncertainty in the beam width can be completely attributed to the amplitude quadrature uncertainty of one specific mode, which is uniquely determined by the field under investigation. This discovery provides us with a strategy for the reduction of the beam width noise by an appropriate choice of the quantum state.

*Opt Lett ; 39(12): 3603-6, 2014 Jun 15.*

##### RESUMO

It is shown that the sensitivity of a highly sensitive homodyne timing measurement scheme with femtosecond (fs) lasers [Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 123601 (2008).] is limited by carrier-envelope-phase (CEO) noise. We describe the use of a broadband passive cavity to analyze the phase noise of a Ti:Sapphire oscillator relative to the standard quantum limit. This cavity also filters the lowest levels of classical noise at sidebands above 100 kHz detection frequency. Leading to quantum-limited CEO-phase noise at millisecond time scales, it can improve the sensitivity of the homodyne pulse timing measurement by 10 dB.