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2.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 32(5): 656-665, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33781686

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To report outcomes of patients undergoing adrenal vein sampling (AVS) for primary aldosteronism with results indicating apparent bilateral adrenal suppression (ABAS), in which the adrenal aldosterone-to-cortisol ratios are decreased bilaterally ("double-down") compared to the non-adrenal sample, and evaluate repeat AVS results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2003 and 2020, 762 patients underwent AVS. Twenty patients (2.6%; male, 12; female, 8; age 50.3 ± 9.7 years) with ABAS on initial AVS were identified. Ten underwent repeat AVS. Super-selective AVS (SS-AVS) was employed in 6 of 10 repeat AVS (60%). Outcomes after AVS were analyzed. A lateralization index (LI) >4 was considered an indication for adrenalectomy. RESULTS: Repeat AVS was diagnostic in 70% of patients (n = 7), with 6 of 7 lateralizing with LI >4 (median LI = 32.3; range 4.6-54.8) and 1 of 7 nearly lateralizing (LI = 3.5). All 7 patients underwent adrenalectomy. ABAS was redemonstrated in 3 patients (30%): 2 with unilateral adenomas on cross-sectional imaging underwent adrenalectomy despite ABAS results and 1 was lost to follow-up. Four of 6 patients (66%) who underwent SS-AVS were diagnosed with unilateral disease (median LI = 43.3; range 23.9-54.8), with one patient's diagnosis reliant upon a single super-selective sample. In total, 9 patients underwent adrenalectomy after repeat AVS, all of whom had improved blood pressure control postoperatively. Ten patients did not undergo repeat AVS: 6 were lost to follow-up, 3 underwent medical management, and 1 underwent adrenalectomy. CONCLUSIONS: AVS should be repeated when "double-down" ABAS results are encountered. Super-selective sampling may provide worthwhile diagnostic data when employed during repeat AVS.

3.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 32(5): 650-655, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712373

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the rate of recurrent infection of ICU patients who underwent tunneled dialysis catheter (TDC) exchange or removal for bloodstream infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty seven patients, with a total of 61 TDCs removed for bloodstream infection while admitted in an ICU from 2017-2020, were identified. TDCs were exchanged over a wire or removed and replaced. Thirteen patients (21%) were managed with non-tunneled dialysis catheters (NTDCs) until delayed TDC replacement at ICU departure. Forty seven TDCs were removed for bacteremia (77%), 13 for fungemia (21%), and 1 for both (2%). Thirty TDCs (49%) were exchanged over-the-wire (ICU-exchanged TDCs), and 31 (51%) were removed. Of the patients who underwent TDC removal, 9 had a new TDC placed while still admitted in the ICU (ICU-replaced TDCs), and 7 underwent delayed TDC replacement at ICU departure. Data regarding infection, removal technique, catheter replacement, and patient outcomes were analyzed. RESULTS: There were 10 instances of recurrent bloodstream infection (infectious recidivism), occurring in 7 ICU-exchanged TDCs (7/30, 23%) and 3 ICU-replaced TDCs (3/9, 33%). Bloodstream infection complicated 22% of NTDCs used in patients undergoing delayed TDC replacement. No cases of TDC infectious recidivism were observed in patients who underwent delayed TDC replacement (0/7, 0%) after ICU departure. CONCLUSIONS: High rates of infectious recidivism exist in the ICU, meriting further investigation into how to optimally manage these patients. In those in whom TDCs are removed, withholding TDC replacement until ICU departure may help to minimize the rate of recurrent infection.

4.
Acad Radiol ; 28(1): 128-135, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33132008

RESUMO

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: In response to the COVID-19 pandemic reducing medical student presence on clinical services and in classrooms, academic institutions are utilizing a virtual format to continue medical student education. We describe a successful initial experience implementing a virtual elective in interventional radiology (IR) and provide the course framework, student feedback, and potential improvements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 2-week virtual IR elective curriculum was created utilizing a combination of synchronous and asynchronous learning and the "flipped" classroom educational model. Students virtually participated in daily IR resident education conferences, resident-led case review sessions, and dedicated lectures. Asynchronous prelearning material consisted of text and video correlating to lecture topics. Anonymous precourse and postcourse surveys were sent to all participating students (n = 10). RESULTS: Ten students (100%) completed precourse and seven (70%) completed postcourse surveys. Enrolled students were considering residencies in surgery (50%), internal medicine (40%), interventional radiology (30%), and/or diagnostic radiology (30%). Students' understanding of what IRs do and the procedures they perform (p < 0.001), when to consult IR for assistance in patient management (p = 0.005), and the number of IR procedures students could recall (p = 0.015) improved after the course. Case-review sessions and virtual lectures ranked as having the highest education value. Students recommended additional small-group case workshops. CONCLUSION: This successful virtual IR elective provides a framework for others to continue IR medical student education during the pandemic and grow the specialty's presence within an increasingly virtual medical school curriculum. The described model may be modified to improve IR education beyond the COVID-19 era.


Assuntos
Estudantes de Medicina , Currículo , Humanos , Pandemias , Radiologia Intervencionista/educação
7.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(12): 2073-2080, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33189540

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To examine spinal interaction types and prevalence of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters in patients presenting for complex filter removal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of 447 patients presenting for complex removal of IVC filters were reviewed, including patient demographics, IVC filter dwell time, filter fracture status, and computed tomography (CT) evidence of filter interaction with the spine. Spinal interaction was defined as a filter strut touching or penetrating into the vertebral body or disc. Patients with evidence of filter penetration and spinal interaction had abdominal CT that preceded filter removal assessed by 2 interventional radiologists to categorize the type of spinal interaction, including bony reaction and osteophyte formation. RESULTS: CT evidence of spinal interaction by the filter was found in 18% of patients (80/447). Interaction with the spine was more common in single point of fixation filters than filters with rails (P = .007) and was more likely in filters with round wires than flat wires (P = .0007). Patients with interaction had longer dwell times (mean [SD] 5.7 [4.46] y) compared with patients without interaction (mean [SD] 3.2 [3.85] y); this relationship was significant (P < .0001). Women were more likely than men to experience filter/spine interaction (P = .04). Filters with spinal interaction were more likely to be fractured (P = .001). Filter interaction was found in 38% (30/78) of patients with symptoms, including chest and back pain, compared with 14% (50/369) of patients without symptoms (P < .0001, odds ratio 3.99). CONCLUSIONS: Retrievable IVC filters may interact with the spine. These interactions are associated with longer filter dwell times, female sex, and round wire filter construction.

8.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(11): 1831-1835, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32958378

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To review the immediate flow response and incidence of steal syndrome after taper reduction of tapered dialysis grafts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a retrospective review of a quality assurance database of all hemodialysis access interventions performed between 2005 and 2017. It identified 77 patients who underwent a taper reduction procedure, involving angioplasty of the arterial limb of the graft and the arterial anastomosis for graft thrombosis/poor flow. A subset of patients underwent 5-, 6-, or 7-mm balloon taper reduction angioplasty coupled with intravascular direct flow measurement (n = 15 with 16 dialysis grafts). A two-tailed Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed-rank test was used to compare pre- and post-taper reduction flows. Mean duration of follow-up was 3.5 years (range, 0-12.5 years). RESULTS: Mean access survival after taper reduction was 20.2 months (range, 0.10-94.4 months). Pre- and post-taper reduction access flows (mean Qb ± standard deviation) were 574 ± 315 ml/min and 929 ± 352 ml/min, respectively (P < .0001). The mean ratio of post- to pre-taper reduction flows was 1.6 (range, 1.1-10.2). No patients developed steal syndrome within 6 months after taper reduction. CONCLUSIONS: Dialysis graft arterial anastomotic taper reduction did not result in the development of steal syndrome within 6 months. In the subset of patients who underwent flow measurements, taper reduction was associated with nearly a 2-fold improvement in access flow, which is a key predictor of access function.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/terapia , Diálise Renal , Trombose/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Isquemia/etiologia , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Trombose/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose/etiologia , Trombose/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
9.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(11): 1825-1830, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32958380

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate dislodgement of tunneled dialysis catheters (TDCs) in de novo (DN) placement with ultrasound versus over-the-wire exchange (OTWE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected retrospectively on all TDC placements at this institution from 2001 to 2019 and were excluded if no removal date was recorded or if dwell time was more than 365 days. Information on TDC brand, placement, insertion/removal, and removal reason were collected. Multiple logistic regression evaluated factors associated with TDC dislodgement. DN placement and OTWE were compared for rate of dislodgement (generalized estimating equations method) and TDC dwell time (survival analysis). RESULTS: In total, 5328 TDCs were included with 66% (3522) placed DN and 32% (1727) via OTWE. Mean dwell time was 65 ± 72 days, and dislodgement occurred in 4% (224). TDC dislodgement rates in the DN and OTWE groups were 0.48 and 0.93 per 1000 catheter days, respectively. Brand (Ash Split vs. VectorFlow), placement technique (OTWE vs. DN), laterality (left vs. right), and site (left vs. right internal jugular vein) were significant predictors of dislodgement. OTWE placement exhibited 1.7 times the odds of dislodgement (95% confidence interval, 1.2-2.6; P = .004) compared to DN and had significantly higher probability of dislodgement across time (hazard ratio = 2.0; P < .001) compared to DN. Dislodgement rates for OTWE vs. DN were 8% vs. 3% (3 months), 13% vs. 6% (6 months), and 38% vs. 17% (1 year). CONCLUSIONS: TDC spontaneous dislodgement rates were significantly and consistently higher after OTWE compared to DN placement. These data support more careful attention to catheter fixation after OTWE placement.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Venoso Central/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Venoso Central/instrumentação , Cateteres de Demora , Cateteres Venosos Centrais , Migração de Corpo Estranho/etiologia , Diálise Renal , Bases de Dados Factuais , Remoção de Dispositivo , Feminino , Migração de Corpo Estranho/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
10.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(9): 1437-1441, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32800661

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the impact of port and catheter tip cultures on the clinical management of port-related infections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients whose ports were removed for infection between January 2016 and December 2019 were retrospectively identified. The study sample included 68 ports removed for suspected catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) and 27 ports removed for local infection. Port surface, catheter tip, and blood culture results were recorded. Antimicrobial therapy before and after port removal was recorded. The impact of culture results on port infection management was determined. RESULTS: Of the 68 ports removed from patients with CRBSI, 78% received empiric antibiotics. Of these patients, blood cultures led to a change in therapy in 77%. Catheter tip cultures were positive in 32% whereas port surface cultures were positive in 53% of patients. Culture results did not influence antimicrobial therapy in any patient with CRBSI. Of 27 port removals performed for local infection, catheter tip cultures were positive in 41% whereas port surface cultures were positive in 59% of patients. Port surface cultures led to a change in therapy in 33% of local infections. Port surface cultures were significantly more likely to impact management if removal was performed for local infection than for CRBSI (33% vs. 0%, respectively; P < .001). Port surface cultures were inclusive of all positive catheter tip cultures. CONCLUSIONS: For patients with suspected CRBSI, blood cultures alone are sufficient to guide therapy. Port cultures may be justified in the setting of local infection. Catheter tip cultures are unnecessary if port surface cultures are performed.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/terapia , Cateterismo Venoso Central/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Venoso Central/instrumentação , Cateteres de Demora/microbiologia , Cateteres Venosos Centrais/microbiologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/diagnóstico , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/microbiologia , Remoção de Dispositivo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Abdom Radiol (NY) ; 45(11): 3915-3922, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32394042

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to determine the effects of expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)-covered stent location and TIPS extension on primary patency. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study examined patients with PTFE-covered TIPS creation between 07/2002 and 06/2016. Clinical information and patency outcomes at 24 months were extracted. At TIPS creation, extension was performed at the discretion of the operator. Kaplan-Meier curves of primary patency were generated with conditional variables of HVO-HCJ distance, extension status, and covered versus uncovered extensions. Additional logistic regression analyses of distances were performed. RESULTS: Of 393 patients, 115 patients (29%) underwent stent extension, 79 (20% of total cohort) of which were at the HVO end alone. Primary patency for all TIPS was 75%, 68%, and 54% at 3, 6, and 12 months. The data endpoint were transplant or death in 92 (23%) and 116 (30%). Kaplan-Meier curves showed no statistically significant difference between the variables and primary patency at 12 and 24 months: distance up to versus greater than 10 mm (p = 0.32, 0.81); extension versus no extension (p = 0.83, 0.85); uncovered versus covered extensions (p = 0.58, 0.70). Logistic regression analyses showed a trend toward statistical significance. CONCLUSION: In the setting of PTFE-covered TIPS creation, extended TIPSs and unextended well-positioned TIPSs have no difference in primary patency rates. Stent position and extension length may have an effect on primary patency, but were likely obscured by "user recognition" effects.

14.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(6): 993-999.e1, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32376177

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare outcomes of transradial access for endovascular treatment of nonmaturing hemodialysis fistulae compared to brachial arteriography followed by unidirectional or bidirectional fistula access for intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this institutional review board-approved, retrospective, case-control study, 56 consecutive patients with nonmaturing arteriovenous fistulae underwent percutaneous intervention between 2015 and 2018. The transradial group (n = 28) underwent radial artery access for diagnostic fistulography and intervention. The control group (n = 28) underwent retrograde brachial artery access for fistulography followed by unidirectional/bidirectional fistula access for intervention. Both groups had similar demographics, fistula characteristics, and stenosis locations. RESULTS: Fewer punctures were required in the transradial group compared to controls (1.2 vs 2.4, P < .0001), and procedure time was shorter (64.9 vs 91.3 minutes, P = .0016). Anatomic, technical, and clinical success rates trended higher in the transradial group compared to controls (93% vs 86%, 96% vs 89%, and 82% vs 64%, respectively). Nonmaturation resulting in fistula abandonment was lower in the transradial group (3.7% vs 25%, P = .025). Primary unassisted patency at 3, 6, and 12 months was 77.1% ± 8.2%, 73.1% ± 8.7%, and 53.3% ± 10.6% in the transradial group, respectively, and 63.0% ± 9.3%, 55.6% ± 9.6%, and 48.1% ± 9.6% in the control group, respectively (P = .76). Primary assisted patency at 12 months was 92.3% ± 5.3% in the transradial group compared to 61.8% ± 9.6% at 12 months in the control group (P = .021). No major complications occurred. Minor complications were lower in the transradial group than in the control group (14% vs 39%, P = .068). CONCLUSIONS: Treatment of nonmaturing fistulae via a transradial approach was safe, improved midterm patency, and was associated with lower rates of fistula abandonment.


Assuntos
Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Artéria Braquial , Cateterismo Periférico , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/terapia , Artéria Radial , Diálise Renal , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artéria Braquial/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Braquial/fisiopatologia , Cateterismo Periférico/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Punções , Artéria Radial/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Radial/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
15.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 66: 370-377, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32027985

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of stents for treating central venous occlusion is well described. Limited evidence exists related to Palmaz balloon-expandable stent use in inferior vena cava (IVC) reconstruction. We analyzed patency and complication rates after IVC reconstruction using Palmaz stents. METHODS: From 2002 to 2019, 37 patients (mean age: 51 year) underwent IVC reconstruction with 68 Palmaz stents. Indications were symptomatic chronic venous obstruction in the infrarenal (n = 25) and intrahepatic (n = 12) IVC. Demographic, operative, and imaging data were evaluated. Clinical data, abdominal CT, and/or duplex ultrasound were used to determine patency at follow-up. RESULTS: Restoration of caval patency was achieved in all patients, with complications in 2/37 (5.4%) patients (thrombus formation within the stent; stent embolization eight days after placement). Follow-up data were available for 27 patients. Primary patency was maintained through last follow-up in 19/27 (70%) patients (mean: 1.1 year), with successful stent redilation performed in 6 patients. Mean duration of primary-assisted patency (n = 5) was 1.2 year. Late lumen loss was (n = 13) was 40% during a mean time to follow-up of 2.0 years. Primary patency in patients with occlusion secondary to malignancy was 109 day (range: 1 day-1.0 year), whereas primary patency in patients with occlusion from other etiologies was 1.1 year (range: 2 day-5.9 year). The Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated primary and primary-assisted patency of 66% and 84%, respectively, at 24 and 48 months. CONCLUSIONS: Palmaz balloon-expandable stents for IVC reconstruction is feasible and effective for symptomatic IVC occlusion. Risk of stent migration was low.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Stents , Veia Cava Inferior , Trombose Venosa/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Constrição Patológica , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Veia Cava Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Cava Inferior/fisiopatologia , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Venosa/fisiopatologia
16.
Chest ; 157(5): 1278-1286, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794700

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High-resolution chest CT (HRCT) scan is recommended after pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) embolotherapy to assess for PAVM persistence and untreated PAVM growth. Graded transthoracic contrast echocardiography (TTCE) predicts the need for embolotherapy in PAVM screening. This study sought to determine whether postembolotherapy graded TTCE can similarly predict the need for repeat embolotherapy. METHODS: Thirty-two patients (8 men and 24 women; mean age, 51.1 ± 12.6 years) with prior PAVM embolotherapy and follow-up HRCT scan were prospectively enrolled. Patients underwent graded TTCE using a validated three-point quantitative grading scale. TTCE grade and HRCT findings were compared. RESULTS: Median time between most recent HRCT scan and TTCE was 7 days (interquartile range, 0-272 days). Thirty patients (94%) had no PAVMs requiring repeat embolotherapy on HRCT scan. Two patients (6%) had PAVMs requiring repeat embolotherapy (feeding artery [FA] ≥ 3 mm), one with untreated PAVM growth and one with treated PAVM persistence. TTCE was positive in 88% of patients (n = 28). All patients (n = 4, 12%) with negative TTCE had no visible PAVMs on HRCT scan. Nine patients (32%) had grade 1 shunt, 10 (35%) had grade 2 shunt, and nine (32%) had grade 3 shunt. No patients with grade 1 shunt had PAVMs amenable to repeat embolotherapy on HRCT scan. All patients (n = 2) with PAVMs requiring repeat embolotherapy (FA ≥ 3 mm) had grade 3 shunt. TTCE grade was significantly associated with PAVM FA diameter (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Postembolotherapy graded TTCE can predict the need for repeat embolotherapy on HRCT scan. Patients with negative TTCE and grade 1 shunt may not require HRCT follow-up and can potentially be followed with serial graded TTCE. TRIAL REGISTRY: ClinicalTrials.gov; No.: NCT02936349; URL: www.clinicaltrials.gov.

17.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(1): 61-65, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31771893

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine if magnification spot radiographs acquired before attempting inferior vena cava (IVC) filter removal have value in the assessment for filter fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of complex IVC filter removals performed at a tertiary referral center from October 2015 to May 2017 was performed. Magnification spot radiographs (frontal and at least 2 oblique views) were obtained with the fluoroscopic unit in the procedure suite prior to venous access for filter removal. Patients were included in the study if a computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen/pelvis before filter removal was available. Ninety-six patients (47 women and 49 men) were included. Most removed filters were the Recovery/G2/G2X/Eclipse/Meridian (n = 28), the Günther Tulip (n = 26), and the Celect/Celect Platinum (n = 22). Blinded review of the pre-procedural CT scans and spot radiographs for the presence of filter fractures was performed by 2 interventional radiologists. Accuracy of each modality was assessed using the status of the explanted filter as the gold standard. Agreement between the 2 readers was assessed with the kappa statistic. RESULTS: Fractures were present in 27 explanted filters (28%). Accuracy of CT was 88% and 68% for readers 1 and 2, respectively, which increased to 98% and 97% with magnification spot radiographs. The kappa statistic was 0.12 for CT and 0.97 for spot radiographs. CONCLUSIONS: Magnification spot radiographs acquired before attempting IVC filter removal improve detection of filter fractures and agreement among interventional radiologists. Therefore, these should be performed routinely to allow for optimal treatment planning.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Remoção de Dispositivo , Flebografia , Falha de Prótese , Implantação de Prótese/instrumentação , Ampliação Radiográfica , Filtros de Veia Cava , Veia Cava Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Implantação de Prótese/efeitos adversos , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(2): 260-264, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31883936

RESUMO

The diagnosis and treatment of pelvic venous disease is complicated by a number of potential venous anatomic variants. Stent-assisted recanalization of a chronically occluded left external iliac vein draining directly into the inferior vena cava, with absence of the left common iliac vein, is described here. Variant iliac venous anatomy is reviewed in 3 categories: additional iliac vessels, absence/shortening of iliac vessels, and deviations in the drainage pattern of iliac vessels. Additionally, variations of the ascending lumbar and iliolumbar veins, the identification of which can aid in the treatment of pelvic venous disease, are described.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão , Veia Ilíaca/anormalidades , Síndrome Pós-Trombótica/terapia , Trombose Venosa/terapia , Adulto , Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Veia Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Ilíaca/fisiopatologia , Flebografia , Síndrome Pós-Trombótica/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome Pós-Trombótica/fisiopatologia , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Trombose Venosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose Venosa/fisiopatologia
19.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(1): 1-14.e5, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31706886

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To present final, 2-year results of a randomized trial comparing paclitaxel-coated vs uncoated balloon angioplasty following vessel preparation with ultra-high-pressure percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) in hemodialysis arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-three sites enrolled 285 subjects with dysfunctional AVFs located in the arm. Before 1:1 randomization, successful vessel preparation was achieved (full waist effacement, < 30% residual stenosis). Follow-up was clinically driven except for a 6-month office visit. RESULTS: Ninety-six of 141 subjects in the drug-coated balloon (DCB) arm and 111 of 144 in the control arm completed the study. Target lesion primary patency (TLPP) rates for the DCB and control groups were 58% ± 4 vs 46% ± 4 (P = .02) at 9 months, 44% ± 5 vs 36% ± 4 (P = .04) at 12 months, 34% ± 5 vs 28% ± 4 (P = .06) at 18 months, and 27% ± 4 vs 24% ± 4 (P = .09) at 24 months, respectively. Mean time to TLPP event for subjects with an event was longer for DCBs (322 vs 207 d; P < .0001). Fewer interventions were needed to maintain target lesion patency in the DCB group at 9 months (P = .02) but not at 12 (P = .08), 18 (P = .13), or 24 months (P = .19). The noninferiority safety target was met at all intervals (P < .01). Mortality did not differ between groups (P = .27). Post hoc analyses showed equivalent DCB effect in all subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: Two-year results demonstrate long-term safety and variable efficacy of DCB angioplasty in AVFs.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/terapia , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Diálise Renal , Idoso , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
20.
J Surg Oncol ; 121(3): 456-464, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31858609

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary aldosteronism (PA) is the most common cause of secondary hypertension; early diagnosis and intervention correlate with outcomes. We hypothesized that race may influence clinical presentation and outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of patients with PA (1997-2017) who underwent adrenal vein sampling (AVS). Patients were classified by self-reported race as black or non-black. Improvement was defined as postoperative decrease in mean arterial pressure (MAP), antihypertensive medications (AHM), or both. RESULTS: Among patients undergoing AVS (n = 443), 287 underwent adrenalectomy. Black patients (28.2%) had higher body mass index (33.9 vs 31.8 kg/m2 ; P = .01), longer median duration of hypertension (12 vs 10 years; P = .003), higher modified Elixhauser comorbidity index (2 vs 1; P = .004), and lower median income ($47 134 vs $78 280; P < .001). Black patients had similar aldosterone:renin ratios (150 vs 135.6 [ng/dL]/[ng·mL·-1 hr-1 ]; P = .23) compared to non-blacks. At long-term follow-up, black patients had a similar requirement for AHM (1 vs 0; P = .13) but higher MAP (100.6 vs 95.3 mm Hg; P = .004). CONCLUSION: Black patients present with longer duration of hypertension and more comorbidities. They are equally likely to lateralize on AVS, suggesting similar disease phenotype. However, black patients demonstrate less improvement with adrenalectomy; this may reflect a delay in diagnosis or concomitant essential hypertension.


Assuntos
Adrenalectomia/efeitos adversos , Grupos de Populações Continentais/estatística & dados numéricos , Hiperaldosteronismo/cirurgia , Hipertensão/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Hiperaldosteronismo/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
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