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1.
Membranes (Basel) ; 11(9)2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34564530

RESUMO

Fluorine-containing polymers occupy a peculiar niche among conventional polymers due to the unique combination of physicochemical properties. Direct surface fluorination of the polymeric materials is one of the approaches for the introduction of fluorine into the chemical structure that allows one to implement advantages of fluorinated polymers in a thin layer. Current review considers the influence of the surface interaction of the polymeric materials and membranes with elemental fluorine on gas, vapor and liquid transport as well as swelling and related phenomena. The increase in direct fluorination duration and concentration of fluorine in the fluorination mixture is shown to result mostly in a reduction of all penetrants permeability to a different extent, whereas selectivity of the selected gas pairs (He-H2, H2-CH4, He-CH4, CO2-CH4, O2-N2, etc.) increases. Separation parameters for the treated polymeric films approach Robeson's upper bounds or overcome them. The most promising results were obtained for highly permeable polymer, polytrimethylsilylpropyne (PTMSP). The surface fluorination of rubbers in printing equipment leads to an improved chemical resistance of the materials towards organic solvents, moisturizing solutions and reduce diffusion of plasticizers, photosensitizers and other components of the polymeric blends. The direct fluorination technique can be also considered one of the approaches of fabrication of fuel cell membranes from non-fluorinated polymeric precursors that improves their methanol permeability, proton conductivity and oxidative stability.

2.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 59(26): 10306-10310, 2020 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080955

RESUMO

Silicon-mediated fluoride abstraction is demonstrated as a means of generating the first fluorido-cyanido transition metal complexes. This new synthetic approach is exemplified by the synthesis and characterization of the heteroleptic complexes, trans-[MIV F4 (CN)2 ]2- (M=Re, Os), obtained from their homoleptic [MIV F6 ]2- parents. As shown by combined high-field electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy and magnetization measurements, the partial substitution of fluoride by cyanide ligands leads to a marked increase in the magnetic anisotropy of trans-[ReF4 (CN)2 ]2- as compared to [ReF6 ]2- , reflecting the severe departure from an ideal octahedral (Oh point group) ligand field. This methodology paves the way toward the realization of new heteroleptic transition metal complexes that may be used as highly anisotropic building-blocks for the design of high-performance molecule-based magnetic materials.

3.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(81): 11375-11382, 2018 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30211401

RESUMO

After a review on the wide variety of inorganic fluorinated components in modern technologies, in particular for energy conversion/storage systems, the use of fluorinated carbons as electrodes for primary lithium batteries will be highlighted; in particular conventional graphite fluorides will be compared to recently investigated fluorinated carbon nanoparticles (F-CNPs) prepared from electrochemical reduction of molten carbonates.

4.
Chemistry ; 23(47): 11244-11248, 2017 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28653317

RESUMO

Heavy 5d elements, like osmium, feature strong spin-orbit interactions which are at the origin of exotic physical behaviors. Revealing the full potential of, for example, novel osmium oxide materials ("osmates") is however contingent upon a detailed understanding of the local single-ion properties. Herein, two molecular osmate analogues, [OsF6 ]2- and [OsF6 ]- , are reported as model systems for Os4+ and Os5+ centers found in oxides. Using X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) techniques, combined with state-of-the-art ab initio calculations, their ground state was elucidated; mirroring the osmium electronic structure in osmates. The realization of such molecular model systems provides a unique chemical playground to engineer materials exhibiting spin-orbit entangled phenomena.

6.
Nat Commun ; 7: 12195, 2016 07 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27435800

RESUMO

New exotic phenomena have recently been discovered in oxides of paramagnetic Ir(4+) ions, widely known as 'iridates'. Their remarkable properties originate from concerted effects of the crystal field, magnetic interactions and strong spin-orbit coupling, characteristic of 5d metal ions. Despite numerous experimental reports, the electronic structure of these materials is still challenging to elucidate, and not attainable in the isolated, but chemically inaccessible, [IrO6](8-) species (the simplest molecular analogue of the elementary {IrO6}(8-) fragment present in all iridates). Here, we introduce an alternative approach to circumvent this problem by substituting the oxide ions in [IrO6](8-) by isoelectronic fluorides to form the fluorido-iridate: [IrF6](2-). This molecular species has the same electronic ground state as the {IrO6}(8-) fragment, and thus emerges as an ideal model for iridates. These results may open perspectives for using fluorido-iridates as building-blocks for electronic and magnetic quantum materials synthesized by soft chemistry routes.

8.
Acta Chim Slov ; 60(3): 495-504, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24169703

RESUMO

Fluorination processes of polymer surfaces are able to lead to drastic modifications of the surface properties without changing the bulk characteristics of the virgin material. In this paper, two types of polymers, i.e. ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) and high density polyethylene (HDPE), are considered. The surface of these materials have been modified using two different fluorination routes, both carried out at room temperature: the direct fluorination with 10% F2 + 90% He gaseous mixtures and the radio-frequency plasma-enhanced fluorination (PEF) using either O2/CF4 mixtures or c-C4F8. The effect of these processes on the surface of the polymer samples are compared using mostly XPS results. The different components of the C1s spectra are assigned in term of CFx bonding, giving valuable information on the surface fluorination rate.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Polietileno/química , Polietilenos/química , Células Cultivadas , Halogenação , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Propriedades de Superfície
9.
J Am Chem Soc ; 133(34): 13240-3, 2011 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21809881

RESUMO

The electrochemical reaction of lithium with a vacancy-containing titanium hydroxyfluoride was studied. On the basis of pair distribution function analysis, NMR, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, we propose that the material undergoes partitioning upon initial discharge to form a nanostructured composite containing crystalline Li(x)TiO(2), surrounded by a Ti(0) and LiF layer. The Ti(0) is reoxidized upon reversible charging to an amorphous TiF(3) phase via a conversion reaction. The crystalline Li(x)TiO(2) is involved in an insertion reaction. The resulting composite electrode, Ti(0)-LiF/Li(x)TiO(2) ⇔ TiF(3)/ Li(y)TiO(2), allows reaction of more than one Li per Ti, providing a route to higher capacities while improving the energy efficiency compared to pure conversion chemistries.

10.
Inorg Chem ; 47(22): 10288-98, 2008 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18937441

RESUMO

This work investigates the photoluminescence (PL) properties of the Cr (3+)-doped and Cr (3+)-pure fluoroelpasolites along the A 2BMF 6 series and as a function of pressure. In particular, we focus on the variation of the crystal-field spectrum and the associated PL. The results are explained on the basis of the octahedral (CrF 6) (3-) complex subjected either to external pressure or the internal pressure exerted by different crystal hosts. We have established structural correlations between the crystal-field parameter 10Dq and the Cr-F distance, R Cr-F, from which we have determined the local structure around the Cr (3+) impurity, allowing the host material effect on the Cr-F bonds to be studied. As salient features, we show, first, a weak dependence of the first excitation energy, E 1, usually identified as 10Dq, with R Cr-F as E 1 = KR Cr-F (-3.3), and, second, an increase of the Stokes shift upon R Cr-F reduction or with increasing pressure. We associate this unusual behavior with the existence of state mixing among (4)T 2g(F), (2)E g(G), and (2)T 1g(G) states in the first excitation band of Cr (3+). Finally, high-pressure experiments performed on Rb 2KCrF 6 indicate that the excited-state spin crossover, (2)E g(G) <--> (4)T 2g(F), takes place around 7 GPa. The results indicate the suitability of the selected A 2BMF 6:Cr (3+) elpasolites to establish structural correlations between PL and R Cr-F.

11.
Chemistry ; 14(20): 6205-12, 2008.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18491305

RESUMO

A non-aqueous sol-gel Al-based fluoride has been subjected to the microwave solvothermal process. The final material depends on the temperature heat treatment used. Three types of material have been prepared: 1) for low temperature heat treatment (90 degrees C) X-ray amorphous alkoxy fluoride was obtained; 2) for the highest temperature used (200 degrees C) the metastable form beta-AlF3 was obtained with a very large surface area of 125 m2 g(-1). The mechanism of the amorphous=crystalline transformation has been rationalised by the occurrence of a decomposition reaction of the gel fluoride induced by the microwave irradiation. 3) Finally, at intermediate temperature (180 degrees C) a multi-component material mixture exhibiting a huge surface area of 525 m2 g(-1) has been obtained and further investigated after mild post-treatment fluorination using F2 gas. The resulting aluminium-based fluoride still possesses a high-surface-area of 330 m2 g(-1). HRTEM revealed that the solid is built from large particles (50 nm) identified as alpha-AlF3, and small ones (10 nm), relative to an unidentified phase. This new high-surface-area material exhibits strong Lewis acidity as revealed by pyridine adsorption and catalytic tests. By comparison with other materials, it has been shown that whatever the composition/structure of the Al-based fluoride materials, the number of strong Lewis acid sites is related to the surface area, highlighting the role of surface reconstruction occurring on a nanoscopic scale on the formation of the strongest Lewis acid sites.

13.
Inorg Chem ; 44(10): 3589-93, 2005 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15877442

RESUMO

In an effort to gain insight into how optical properties of insulating materials are affected by a change in chemical composition, we investigated the dielectric functions of titanium dioxide, TiO(2), and its fluorine-substituted phases, TiOF(2) and TiF(4), by electron energy loss spectroscopy measurements and density functional theory electronic band structure calculations. The refractive indices of these compounds are found to be inversely proportional to their cell volumes per formula unit. This observation was explained by employing the concept of optical channels. Our study indicates that the light-scattering properties of insulating compounds can be controlled by modifying their cell volumes.

14.
Chemistry ; 10(20): 5052-8, 2004 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15372688

RESUMO

Crystal structures and magnetic investigations of CuFAsF6 and CsCuAlF6 are reported. Together with KCuAlF6, these appear to be the only examples of Jahn-Teller pure Cu(II) compounds containing only one type of ligand that exhibits a compressed octahedral coordination geometry. The Rietveld method has been used for refining the CsCuAlF6 structure based on neutron powder diffraction data at 4 K. The compound crystallizes in space group Pnma (no. 62) with a=7.055(1), b=7.112(1), c=10.153(1) A and Z=4 at 4 K. The structure is built from infinite [CuF5]n(3n-) chains of [CuF6]4- octahedra running along the [1 0 0] direction and (AlF6)3- octahedra connected by corners in the trans position, thus giving rise to chains oriented along the [0 1 0] direction. Single crystals of CuFAsF6 were prepared under solvothermal conditions in AsF5 above its critical temperature. The structure was determined from single-crystal data. CuFAsF6 crystallises in the orthorhombic space group Imma (No. 74) with a=10.732(5), b=6.941(3), c=6.814(3) A and Z=4 at 200 K. The structure can also be described in terms of one-dimensional infinite [CuF5]n(3n-) chains of tilted [CuF6](4-) octahedra linked by trans-vertices running along the b axis. The [CuF5]n(3n-) chains are connected through [AsF6]- units sharing joint vertices. The compressed octahedral coordination of CuII atoms in CuFAsF6 and CsCuAlF6 compounds at room temperature is confirmed by Cu K-edge EXAFS (extended x-ray absorption fine structure) analysis. For both compounds strong antiferromagnetic interactions within the [CuF5]n(3n-) chains were observed (theta(p)=-290+/-10 K and theta(p)=-390+/-10 K for CuFAsF6 and CsCuAlF6, respectively). The peculiar magnetic behaviour of chain compounds containing divalent copper at low temperature could be related to uncompensated magnetic moments in the one-dimensional network.

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