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Phys Rev Lett ; 129(25): 256401, 2022 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36608229


We show that fully localized, three-dimensional, time-reversal-symmetry-broken insulators do not belong to a single phase of matter but can realize topologically distinct phases that are labeled by integers. The phase transition occurs only when the system becomes conducting at some filling. We find that these novel topological phases are fundamentally distinct from insulators without disorder: they are guaranteed to host delocalized boundary states giving rise to the quantized boundary Hall conductance, whose value is equal to the bulk topological invariant.

Phys Rev Lett ; 119(24): 246401, 2017 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29286744


Second-order topological insulators are crystalline insulators with a gapped bulk and gapped crystalline boundaries, but with topologically protected gapless states at the intersection of two boundaries. Without further spatial symmetries, five of the ten Altland-Zirnbauer symmetry classes allow for the existence of such second-order topological insulators in two and three dimensions. We show that reflection symmetry can be employed to systematically generate examples of second-order topological insulators and superconductors, although the topologically protected states at corners (in two dimensions) or at crystal edges (in three dimensions) continue to exist if reflection symmetry is broken. A three-dimensional second-order topological insulator with broken time-reversal symmetry shows a Hall conductance quantized in units of e^{2}/h.

Nat Nanotechnol ; 10(6): 541-6, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25961508


Magnetic resonance techniques not only provide powerful imaging tools that have revolutionized medicine, but they have a wide spectrum of applications in other fields of science such as biology, chemistry, neuroscience and physics. However, current state-of-the-art magnetometers are unable to detect a single nuclear spin unless the tip-to-sample separation is made sufficiently small. Here, we demonstrate theoretically that by placing a ferromagnetic particle between a nitrogen-vacancy magnetometer and a target spin, the magnetometer sensitivity is improved dramatically. Using materials and techniques that are already experimentally available, our proposed set-up is sensitive enough to detect a single nuclear spin within ten milliseconds of data acquisition at room temperature. The sensitivity is practically unchanged when the ferromagnet surface to the target spin separation is smaller than the ferromagnet lateral dimensions; typically about a tenth of a micrometre. This scheme further benefits when used for nitrogen-vacancy ensemble measurements, enhancing sensitivity by an additional three orders of magnitude.

Campos Magnéticos , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Magnetometria/instrumentação , Imãs , Sistemas Microeletromecânicos/instrumentação , Nanotecnologia/instrumentação , Amplificadores Eletrônicos , Desenho de Equipamento , Análise de Falha de Equipamento , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/efeitos da radiação , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Marcadores de Spin
Phys Rev Lett ; 112(19): 196803, 2014 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24877960


We theoretically study transport through a semiconducting Rashba nanowire (NW) in the presence of uniform and spatially modulated magnetic fields. The system is fully gapped, and the interplay between the spin orbit interaction and the magnetic fields leads to fractionally charged fermion (FF) bound states of the Jackiw-Rebbi type at each end of the nanowire. We investigate the transport and noise behavior of a N/NW/N system, where the wire is contacted by two normal leads (N), and we look for possible signatures that could help in the experimental detection of such states. We find that the differential conductance and the shot noise exhibit a subgap structure which fully reveals the presence of the FF state. Alternatively, another confirmation of the presence of the FFs is provided by a conductance measurement in an Aharonov-Bohm setup, where the FFs are responsible for oscillations with double period. Our predictions can be tested in InSb/InAs nanowires and are within reach of the present technology.

Phys Rev Lett ; 108(13): 136803, 2012 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22540720


We study finite quantum wires and rings in the presence of a charge-density wave gap induced by a periodic modulation of the chemical potential. We show that the Tamm-Shockley bound states emerging at the ends of the wire are stable against weak disorder and interactions, for discrete open chains and for continuum systems. The low-energy physics can be mapped onto the Jackiw-Rebbi equations describing massive Dirac fermions and bound end states. We treat interactions via the continuum model and show that they increase the charge gap and further localize the end states. The electrons placed in the two localized states on the opposite ends of the wire can interact via exchange interactions and this setup can be used as a double quantum dot hosting spin qubits. The existence of these states could be experimentally detected through the presence of an unusual 4π Aharonov-Bohm periodicity in the spectrum and persistent current as a function of the external flux.

Phys Rev Lett ; 107(4): 047001, 2011 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21867030


We consider a long superconductor-ferromagnet-superconductor junction with one spin-active region. It is shown that an odd number of Cooper pairs cannot have a long-range propagation when there is only one spin-active region. When the temperature is much lower than the Thouless energy, the coherent transport of two Cooper pairs becomes the dominant process and the superharmonic current-phase relation is obtained (I ∝ sin2ϕ).