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1.
JCO Oncol Pract ; : OP2000622, 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33492987

RESUMO

The clinical progression patterns of metastatic breast cancer (MBC) are heterogeneous; patients experience acute and stable phases at different time points. The acute phase consists of rapid progressive symptomatic changes, whereas in the stable phase, patients have relatively low symptom burden. Therefore, personalized interdisciplinary care is essential. The optimal palliative or supportive care in MBC is to provide comprehensive care that is individually prioritized to the patient's disease status. The purpose of this review is to provide a practical guide for oncologists to understand the priorities for supportive care for patients with MBC in the two phases. We note that for better decision making in patient care, performance status should be broadened to consider not only physical status but also psychosocial needs and cognitive condition. We summarize the clinical importance of physical symptom control, psychosocial support, physical activity, nutrition support, and advance care planning. For optimal care, we present palliative or supportive care checklists according to the disease progression phase, combining the limited evidence with expert input. In the acute phase, close monitoring of the patient's status and symptom management take priority. In the stable phase, the focus can shift to maintenance or improvement of physical strength and emotional condition. Finally, we discuss future directions and unmet needs in providing the best supportive care for patients with MBC.

2.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 72, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33452400

RESUMO

Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is a clinically distinct and highly aggressive form of breast cancer with rapid onset and a strong propensity to metastasize. The molecular mechanisms underlying the aggressiveness and metastatic propensity of IBC are largely unknown. Herein, we report that decorin (DCN), a small leucine-rich extracellular matrix proteoglycan, is downregulated in tumors from patients with IBC. Overexpression of DCN in IBC cells markedly decreased migration, invasion, and cancer stem cells in vitro and inhibited tumor growth and metastasis in IBC xenograft mouse models. Mechanistically, DCN functioned as a suppressor of invasion and tumor growth in IBC by destabilizing E-cadherin and inhibiting EGFR/ERK signaling. DCN physically binds E-cadherin in IBC cells and accelerates its degradation through an autophagy-linked lysosomal pathway. We established that DCN inhibits tumorigenesis and metastasis in IBC cells by negatively regulating the E-cadherin/EGFR/ERK axis. Our findings offer a potential therapeutic strategy for IBC, and provide a novel mechanism for IBC pathobiology.

3.
Mol Cancer Ther ; 20(2): 296-306, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33323457

RESUMO

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is the most aggressive subgroup of breast cancer, and patients with TNBC have few therapeutic options. Apoptosis resistance is a hallmark of human cancer, and apoptosis regulators have been targeted for drug development for cancer treatment. One class of apoptosis regulators is the inhibitors of apoptosis proteins (IAPs). Dysregulated IAP expression has been reported in many cancers, including breast cancer, and has been shown to be responsible for resistance to chemotherapy. Therefore, IAPs have become attractive molecular targets for cancer treatment. Here, we first investigated the antitumor efficacy of birinapant (TL32711), a biindole-based bivalent mimetic of second mitochondria-derived activator of caspases (SMACs), in TNBC. We found that birinapant as a single agent has differential antiproliferation effects in TNBC cells. We next assessed whether birinapant has a synergistic effect with commonly used anticancer drugs, including entinostat (class I histone deacetylase inhibitor), cisplatin, paclitaxel, voxtalisib (PI3K inhibitor), dasatinib (Src inhibitor), erlotinib (EGFR inhibitor), and gemcitabine, in TNBC. Among these tested drugs, gemcitabine showed a strong synergistic effect with birinapant. Birinapant significantly enhanced the antitumor activity of gemcitabine in TNBC both in vitro and in xenograft mouse models through activation of the intrinsic apoptosis pathway via degradation of cIAP2 and XIAP, leading to apoptotic cell death. Our findings demonstrate the therapeutic potential of birinapant to enhance the antitumor efficacy of gemcitabine in TNBC by targeting the IAP family of proteins.

4.
Cardiooncology ; 6(1): 27, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33292676

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer survivors have double the risk of mortality from cardiovascular disease than age-matched women without a cancer history. Reynolds risk score (RRS) is a validated algorithm for the assessment of cardiovascular disease risk. This secondary analysis sought to examine the effects of a 16-week aerobic and resistance exercise intervention on RRS in overweight or obese breast cancer survivors. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred overweight or obese (BMI > 25 kg/m2) breast cancer survivors were randomized to exercise or usual care. The exercise group underwent aerobic and resistance exercise sessions for 16 weeks. RRS was calculated using a validated equation. Group differences in mean change for RRS were evaluated using repeated-measures analyses of variance. Post-intervention, RRS was significantly reduced (7.9 ± 0.9% to 1.0 ± 0.5%; p < 0.001) in the exercise group compared to a significant increase (9.0 ± 0.8% to 11.6 ± 1.2%; p = 0.002%) in the usual care group (p < 0.01). RRS was significantly reduced in exercise vs usual care (between group difference, - 10.6; 95% CI, - 16.3 to - 7.4; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: A 16-week aerobic and resistance exercise intervention is an effective approach to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease in breast cancer survivors. Exercise during cancer survivorship should be considered to reduce the risk for cardiovascular disease risk in overweight women breast cancer survivors. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01140282 . Registered 9 June 2010.

5.
NPJ Breast Cancer ; 6: 48, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33083527

RESUMO

The AKT inhibitor MK2206 (M) was evaluated in I-SPY 2 and graduated in the HER2+, HR-, and HR- HER2+ signatures. We hypothesized that AKT signaling axis proteins/genes may specifically predict response to M and tested 26 phospho-proteins and 10 genes involved in AKT-mTOR-HER signaling; in addition, we tested 9 genes from a previous study in the metastatic setting. One hundred and fifty patients had gene expression data from pretreatment biopsies available for analysis (M: 94, control: 56) and 138 had protein data (M: 87, control: 51). Logistic modeling was used to assess biomarker performance in pre-specified analysis. In general, phospho-protein biomarkers of activity in the AKT-mTOR-HER pathway appeared more predictive of response to M than gene expression or total protein biomarkers in the same pathway; however, the nature of the predictive biomarkers differed in the HER2+ and TN groups. In the HER2+ subset, patients achieving a pCR in M had higher levels of multiple AKT kinase substrate phospho-proteins (e.g., pmTOR, pTSC2). In contrast, in the TN subset responding patients had lower levels of AKT pathway phospho-proteins, such as pAKT, pmTOR, and pTSC2. Pathway mutations did not appear to account for these associations. Additional exploratory whole-transcriptome analysis revealed immune signaling as strongly associated with response to M in the HER2+ subset. While our sample size is small, these results suggest that the measurement of particular AKT kinase substrate phospho-proteins could be predictive of MK2206 efficacy in both HER2+ and TN tumors and that immune signaling may play a role in response in HER2+ patients.

6.
Cancers (Basel) ; 12(11)2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33114311

RESUMO

The AJCC updated its breast cancer staging system to incorporate biological factors in the "prognostic stage". We undertook this study to validate the prognostic and anatomic stages for inflammatory breast cancer (IBC). We established two cohorts of IBC diagnosed without distant metastasis: (1) patients treated at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center between 1991 and 2017 (MDA cohort) and (2) patients registered in the national Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database between 2010 and 2015 (SEER cohort). For prognostic staging, estrogen receptor (ER)+/progesterone receptor (PR)+/ human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2)+/grade 1-2 was staged as IIIA; ER+/PR-/HER2-/grade 3, ER-/PR+/HER2-/grade 3, and triple-negative cancers as IIIC; and all others as IIIB. Endpoints were breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS), overall survival (OS), and disease-free survival (DFS). We studied 885 patients in the MDA cohort and 338 in the SEER cohort. In the MDA cohort, the prognostic stage showed significant predictive power for BCSS, OS, and DFS (all p < 0.0001), although the anatomic stage did not. In both cohorts, the Harrell concordance index (C index) was significantly higher in the prognostic stage than the anatomic stage for all endpoints. In conclusion, the prognostic stage provided more accurate prognostication for IBC than the anatomic stage. Our results show that the prognostic staging is applicable in IBC.

7.
Br J Cancer ; 123(9): 1417-1423, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32747747

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: CNS miliary metastasis (MiM) is poorly recognised in breast and other malignancies. Given its rarity, little epidemiologic, radiographic and clinical data are known. Although usually identified on neuroimaging, criteria for radiographic diagnosis do not exist. In this analysis, we establish its presence in breast cancer and identify factors contributing to outcome. METHODS: We identified 546 female patients with brain metastasis from breast cancer between 2000 and 2015. Radiographic criteria were established through review of neuroimages by a senior Neuroradiologist, and defined as: (1) ≥20 lesions per image on ≥2 non-contiguous MRI images or ≥10 lesions per image on ≥2 non-contiguous CT images, and (2) bilateral lesions located in both the supratentorial and infratentorial compartments. RESULTS: Twenty-one MiM cases were identified (3.8%). Number and anatomical distribution of metastases best identified MiM, while lesion size did not. Ten patients were diagnosed with MiM as initial CNS metastasis; 11 developed MiM following known CNS metastasis. Breast cancer subtype did not influence MiM development before or after other CNS metastasis. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to propose radiographic criteria for MiM diagnosis. Additional analysis is needed to verify data, but our results may enable a standardised approach for future MiM research.

8.
Int J Cancer ; 2020 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32748402

RESUMO

Outcomes of treatments for patients with breast cancer brain metastasis (BCBM) remain suboptimal, especially for systemic therapy. To evaluate the effectiveness of systemic and local therapy (surgery [S], stereotactic radiosurgery [SRS] and whole brain radiotherapy [WBRT]) in BCBM patients, we analyzed the data of 873 BCBM patients from 1999 to 2012. The median overall survival (OS) and time to progression in the brain (TTP-b) after diagnosis of brain metastases (BM) were 9.1 and 7.1 months, respectively. WBRT prolonged OS in patients with multiple BM (hazard ratio [HR], 0.68; 95% CI, 0.52-0.88; P = .004). SRS alone, and surgery or SRS followed by WBRT (S/SRS + WBRT), were equivalent in OS and TTP-b (median OS, 14.9 vs 17.2 months; median TTP-b, 8.2 vs 8.6 months). Continued chemotherapy prolonged OS (HR, 0.35; 95% CI, 0.30-0.41; P < .001) and TTP-b (HR, 0.48; 95% CI, 0.33-0.70; P < .001), however, with no advantage of capecitabine over other chemotherapy agents used (median OS, 11.8 vs 12.4 months; median TTP-b, 7.2 vs 7.4 months). Patients receiving trastuzumab at diagnosis of BM, continuation of anti-HER2 therapy increased OS (HR, 0.53; 95% CI, 0.34-0.83; P = .005) and TTP-b (HR, 0.41; 95% CI, 0.23-0.74; P = .003); no additional benefit was seen with switching over between trastuzumab and lapatinib (median OS, 18.4 vs 22.7 months; median TTP-b: 7.4 vs 8.7 months). In conclusion, SRS or S/SRS + WBRT were equivalent for patients' OS and local control. Continuation systemic chemotherapy including anti-HER2 therapy improved OS and TTP-b with no demonstrable advantage of capecitabine and lapatinib over other agents of physicians' choice was observed.

9.
Ther Adv Med Oncol ; 12: 1758835920943065, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32782490

RESUMO

Background: This analysis evaluated patient-reported outcomes (PROs) to assess health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in the phase III MONALEESA-7 trial, which previously demonstrated improvements in progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) with ribociclib (cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 inhibitor) + endocrine therapy (ET) compared with placebo + ET in pre- and perimenopausal patients with hormone-receptor-positive, HER2-negative (HR+/HER2-) advanced breast cancer (ABC). Methods: The European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Quality of Life questionnaire C30 (QLQ-C30) and the EQ-5D-5L were used to evaluate HRQoL. Results: EORTC QLQ-C30 assessments were evaluable for 335 patients in the ribociclib arm and 337 patients in the placebo arm. Adherence rates at baseline and ⩾1 postbaseline time point were 90% and 83%, respectively. Patients treated with ribociclib + ET had a longer time to deterioration (TTD) ⩾ 10% in global HRQoL {hazard ratio (HR), 0.67 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.52-0.86]}. TTD ⩾ 10% in global HRQoL was delayed in ribociclib-treated patients without versus with disease progression [HR, 0.31 (95% CI, 0.21-0.48)]. TTD ⩾ 10% in pain was longer with ribociclib + ET than with placebo + ET [HR, 0.65 (95% CI, 0.45-0.92)]. Patients who received a nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitor experienced similar benefits with ribociclib versus placebo in global HRQoL and pain. Conclusion: HRQoL was maintained longer in patients who received ribociclib + ET versus placebo + ET. These data, combined with previously reported improvements in PFS and OS, support a strong clinical benefit-to-risk ratio with ribociclib-based treatment in pre- and perimenopausal patients with HR+/HER2- ABC.

10.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 183(3): 729-739, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32720114

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Combinations of endocrine therapy (ET) and targeted therapy (CDK4/6 or mTOR inhibitors) are standard of care for HR+/HER2- metastatic breast cancer (MBC). When ET is not effective, chemotherapy is commonly used. However, clinical outcomes of chemotherapy in the endocrine-resistant setting are limited. The purpose of this study was to identify predictive factors and the compare efficacies of chemotherapy agents in endocrine-resistant MBC. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of patients with HR+/HER2- MBC who received chemotherapy after progression on ET with or without targeted therapy at MD Anderson Cancer Center from 1999 to 2017. We collected baseline clinicopathological and all treatment data. Primary endpoint was time to treatment failure (TTF) of first-line chemotherapy for MBC. RESULTS: For the 1258 patients analyzed, mean age was 55.3 years (range 21-91). Previous treatment with targeted therapy was recorded for 390 patients (31%): 264 with CDK4/6 inhibitor, 205 with mTOR inhibitor, and 79 treated with both. The most frequent chemotherapy agents were capecitabine (48.9%) and taxanes (28.6%). After adjustment for all factors in a multivariate model, previous treatment with a CDK4/6 inhibitor had the strongest negative effect on TTF regardless of ET duration (hazard ratio [HR] 1.84; 95%CI 1.49-2.27; p < 0.001). Conversely, capecitabine had significantly longer median TTF than taxanes regardless of whether patients had prior exposure to taxanes in primary setting (6.1 vs 4.9 months; HR 0.64; 95%CI 0.55-0.75; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Previous exposure to CDK4/6 inhibitor had a negative predictive effect for the efficacy of chemotherapy. Capecitabine had the best efficacy against endocrine-resistant breast cancer.

11.
J Cancer Surviv ; 2020 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32681303

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exercise can profoundly affect physical fitness and quality of life in breast cancer survivors; however, few studies have focused on minorities. This secondary analysis examines Hispanic ethnicity as a moderator of the effects of a 16-week aerobic and resistance exercise intervention on physical fitness and quality of life in breast cancer survivors. METHODS: Eligible breast cancer survivors (n = 100) were randomized to exercise (n = 50) or usual care (n = 50). The exercise intervention consisted of supervised moderate-vigorous aerobic and resistance exercise thrice weekly for 16 weeks. Physical fitness and quality of life were measured at baseline, post-intervention, and 28-week follow-up (exercise only). Linear mixed-models adjusted for baseline value of the outcome, age, disease stage, adjuvant treatment, and recent physical activity were used to evaluate effect modification by ethnicity. RESULTS: The study sample included 57% Hispanic and 43% non-Hispanic breast cancer survivors. Hispanic breast cancer survivors were younger, less fit, and diagnosed with more advanced cancers compared with non-Hispanic breast cancer survivors (p < 0.001). Ethnicity was found to moderate the effects of exercise training on all physical fitness and quality-of-life measures including VO2max (8.4 mL/kg/min; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 3.2 to 13.4), physical well-being (12.3; 95% CI 4.2 to 18.4), and emotional well-being (11.4; 95% CI 5.9 to 15.5). In all cases, Hispanics experienced larger benefits than non-Hispanics. CONCLUSIONS: Hispanic breast cancer survivors have poorer cardiorespiratory fitness, muscle strength, and quality-of-life and therefore may derive larger benefits from exercise than non-Hispanic breast cancer survivors. Clinical exercise interventions may attenuate existing health disparities among minority breast cancer survivors. IMPLICATION OF CANCER SURVIVORS: Here we report psychosocial and fitness-related disparities among Hispanic breast cancer survivors when compared with their non-Hispanic counterparts. Our exercise intervention highlights the importance of exercise for minority cancer survivors and the need for distinct, culturally tailored exercise intervention approaches to reduce psychosocial and fitness-related disparities among this understudied population of cancer survivors.

12.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 8537, 2020 05 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32444778

RESUMO

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive form of breast cancer characterized by metastasis, drug resistance and high rates of recurrence. With a lack or targeted therapies, TNBC is challenging to treat and carries a poor prognosis. Patients with TNBC tumors expressing high levels of ERK2 have a poorer prognosis than those with low ERK2-expressing tumors. The MAPK pathway is often found to be highly activated in TNBC, however the precise functions of the ERK isoforms (ERK1 and ERK2) in cancer progression have not been well defined. We hypothesized that ERK2, but not ERK1, promotes the cancer stem cell (CSC) phenotype and metastasis in TNBC. Stable knockdown clones of the ERK1 and ERK2 isoforms were generated in SUM149 and BT549 TNBC cells using shRNA lentiviral vectors. ERK2 knockdown significantly inhibited anchorage-independent colony formation and mammosphere formation, indicating compromised self-renewal capacity. This effect correlated with a reduction in migration and invasion. SCID-beige mice injected via the tail vein with ERK clones were employed to determine metastatic potential. SUM149 shERK2 cells had a significantly lower lung metastatic burden than control mice or mice injected with SUM149 shERK1 cells. The Affymetrix HGU133plus2 microarray platform was employed to identify gene expression changes in ERK isoform knockdown clones. Comparison of gene expression levels between SUM149 cells with ERK2 or ERK1 knockdown revealed differential and in some cases opposite effects on mRNA expression levels. Those changes associated with ERK2 knockdown predominantly altered regulation of CSCs and metastasis. Our findings indicate that ERK2 promotes metastasis and the CSC phenotype in TNBC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia , Animais , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos SCID , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/genética , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/genética , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Prognóstico , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Taxa de Sobrevida , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
13.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0229903, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32214335

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tumor cells with a mesenchymal phenotype and/or cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) are known to contribute to metastasis and drug resistance. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) undergoing epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and CTCs reflecting a dedifferentiated CSC phenotype may not be detected using only an anti-EpCAM antibody to capture them. We used an antibody-independent CTC enrichment platform, ApoStream®, which does not rely on any antibody, including anti-EpCAM, to capture EMT- and CSC-CTCs in breast cancer patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy and correlated them to pathological complete response (pCR). METHODS: Blood samples from newly diagnosed breast cancer patients were prospectively collected before neoadjuvant chemotherapy (T0), after chemotherapy but before surgery (T1), and after surgery (T2) and processed using ApoStream. CTCs detected were stained with additional markers to define 3 CTC subsets with the following phenotypes: epithelial CTCs (CK+, EpCAM+ or E-cadherin+), EMT-CTCs (ß-catenin+ or vimentin+), and CSC-CTCs (CD44+ and CD24low). RESULTS: We enrolled 55 patients, 47 of which had data for analysis. EMT-CTCs were detected in 57%, 62%, and 72% and CSC-CTCs in 9%, 22%, and 19% at the T0, T1, and T2 time points, respectively. Counts of epithelial (P = 0.225) and EMT (P = 0.522) phenotypes of CTCs at T0 did not significantly predict pCR. Moreover, no correlation between CTC count change and pCR was demonstrated. CONCLUSIONS: ApoStream was successful in detecting EMT-CTCs among patients after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. However, EMT-/CSC-CTC counts did not correlate with pCR. Due to the small sample size and heterogeneity of this patient population, further study in a larger cohort of molecularly homogeneous patients is warranted.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , Caderinas/sangue , Molécula de Adesão da Célula Epitelial/sangue , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Antígenos de Neoplasias/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/classificação , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Contagem de Células , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/sangue , Vimentina/sangue
14.
NPJ Breast Cancer ; 6: 11, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32219153

RESUMO

We developed prognostic models for breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) that consider anatomic stage and other important determinants of prognosis and survival in breast cancer, such as age, grade, and receptor-based subtypes with the intention to demonstrate that these factors, conditional on stage, improve prediction of BCSS. A total of 20,928 patients with stage I-III invasive primary breast cancer treated at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center between 1990 and 2016, who received surgery as an initial treatment were identified to generate prognostic models by Fine-Gray competing risk regression model. Model predictive accuracy was assessed using Harrell's C-index. The Aalen-Johansen estimator and a selected Fine-Gray model were used to estimate the 5-year and 10-year BCSS probabilities. The performance of the selected model was evaluated by assessing discrimination and prediction calibration in an external validation dataset of 29,727 patients from the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN). The inclusion of age, grade, and receptor-based subtype in addition to stage significantly improved the model predictive accuracy (C-index: 0.774 (95% CI 0.755-0.794) vs. 0.692 for stage alone, p < 0.0001). Young age (<40), higher grade, and TNBC subtype were significantly associated with worse BCSS. The selected model showed good discriminative ability but poor calibration when applied to the validation data. After recalibration, the predictions showed good calibration in the training and validation data. More refined BCSS prediction is possible through a model that has been externally validated and includes clinical and biological factors.

15.
Oncologist ; 25(6): e909-e919, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003919

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We previously reported that in patients with HER2-positive (HER2+) locally advanced breast cancer treated with neoadjuvant trastuzumab-containing regimens, high HER2 to centromere enumerator probe 17 ratio on fluorescence in situ hybridization (HER2 FISH ratio) was an independent predictor of high pathologic complete response (pCR) rate, which translated into improved recurrence-free survival (RFS). We sought to determine whether high HER2 FISH ratio is a predictor of pCR and prognosis in patients with HER2+ nonmetastatic inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) and non-IBC treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy with or without trastuzumab. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included all patients with histologically proven stage III, HER2+ primary IBC, and non-IBC treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy with or without trastuzumab and definitive surgery during 1999-2012. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were applied to assess the effect of covariates on pCR. Kaplan-Meier estimates with log-rank test were employed for survival analysis. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards models were used to assess the effect of covariates on RFS and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: The study included 555 patients with stage III, HER+ breast cancer, 181 patients with IBC, and 374 with non-IBC. In the IBC cohort, HER2 FISH ratio was not significantly associated with pCR, RFS, or OS. In the non-IBC cohort, higher HER2 FISH ratio was significantly associated with higher pCR rate and longer OS. CONCLUSION: HER2 FISH ratio showed prognostic value among patients with HER2+ non-IBC but not HER2+ IBC treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy. This disparity may be due to the underlying aggressive nature of IBC. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The findings of this study indicate that the HER2 to fluorescence in situ hybridization ratio as a continuous variable has promise as a predictor of pathologic complete response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with HER2-positive (HER2+) noninflammatory breast cancer (non-IBC) regardless of the results on HER2 immunohistochemical testing. In the future, some patients with HER2+ non-IBC and a high HER2 FISH ratio might even be offered personalized treatment options, such as nonsurgical treatment.

16.
Oncologist ; 25(2): e214-e222, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32043771

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited data exist describing real-world treatment of de novo and recurrent HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Systemic Therapies for HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer Study (SystHERs) was a fully enrolled (2012-2016), observational, prospective registry of patients with HER2-positive MBC. Patients aged ≥18 years and ≤6 months from HER2-positive MBC diagnosis were treated and assessed per their physician's standard practice. The primary endpoint was to characterize treatment patterns by de novo versus recurrent MBC status, compared descriptively. Secondary endpoints included patient characteristics, progression-free and overall survival (PFS and OS, by Kaplan-Meier method; hazard ratio [HR] and 95% confidence interval [CI] by Cox regression), and patient-reported outcomes. RESULTS: Among 977 eligible patients, 49.8% (n = 487) had de novo and 50.2% (n = 490) had recurrent disease. A higher proportion of de novo patients had hormone receptor-negative disease (34.9% vs. 24.9%), bone metastasis (57.1% vs. 45.9%), and/or liver metastasis (41.9% vs. 33.1%), and a lower proportion had central nervous system metastasis (4.3% vs. 13.5%). De novo patients received first-line regimens containing chemotherapy (89.7%), trastuzumab (95.7%), and pertuzumab (77.8%) more commonly than recurrent patients (80.0%, 85.9%, and 68.6%, respectively). De novo patients had longer median PFS (17.7 vs. 11.9 months; HR, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.59-0.80; p < .0001) and OS (not estimable vs. 44.5 months; HR, 0.55; 95% CI, 0.44-0.69; p < .0001). CONCLUSION: Patients with de novo versus recurrent HER2-positive MBC exhibit different disease characteristics and survival durations, suggesting these groups have distinct outcomes. These differences may affect future clinical trial design. Clinical trial identification number. NCT01615068 (clinicaltrials.gov). IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: SystHERs was an observational registry of patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC), which is a large, modern, real-world data set for this population and, thereby, provides a unique opportunity to study patients with de novo and recurrent HER2-positive MBC. In SystHERs, patients with de novo disease had different baseline demographics and disease characteristics, had superior clinical outcomes, and more commonly received first-line chemotherapy and/or trastuzumab versus those with recurrent disease. Data from this and other studies suggest that de novo and recurrent MBC have distinct outcomes, which may have implications for disease management strategies and future clinical study design.

17.
Clin Cancer Res ; 26(5): 1105-1113, 2020 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772121

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We report treatments and outcomes in a contemporary patient population with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC) by hormone receptor (HR) status from the Systemic Therapies for HER2-positive Metastatic Breast Cancer Study (SystHERs). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: SystHERs (NCT01615068) was an observational, prospective registry study of U.S.-based patients with newly diagnosed HER2-positive MBC. Endpoints included treatment patterns and clinical outcomes. RESULTS: Of 977 eligible patients (enrolled from 2012 to 2016), 70.1% (n = 685) had HR-positive and 29.9% (n = 292) had HR-negative disease. Overall, 59.1% (405/685) of patients with HR-positive disease received any first-line endocrine therapy (with or without HER2-targeted therapy or chemotherapy); 34.9% (239/685) received HER2-targeted therapy + chemotherapy + sequential endocrine therapy. Patients with HR-positive versus HR-negative disease had longer median overall survival (OS; 53.0 vs 43.4 months; hazard ratio, 0.70; 95% confidence interval, 0.56-0.87). Compared with patients with high HR-positive staining (10%-100%, n = 550), those with low HR-positive staining (1%-9%, n = 60) received endocrine therapy less commonly (64.2% vs 33.3%) and had shorter median OS (53.8 vs 40.1 months). Similar median OS (43.4 vs 40.1 months) was observed in patients with HR-negative versus low HR-positive tumors (1%-9%). CONCLUSIONS: Despite evidence that first-line HER2-targeted therapy, chemotherapy, and sequential endocrine therapy improves survival in patients with HR-positive, HER2-positive disease, only 34.9% of patients in this real-world setting received such treatment. Patients with low tumor HR positivity (1%-9%) had lower endocrine therapy use and worse survival than those with high tumor HR positivity (10%-100%).

18.
Cancer Med ; 9(3): 1025-1032, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31849202

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Radium-223 dichloride (Ra-223) is a targeted alpha therapy that induces localized cytotoxicity in bone metastases. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of Ra-223 plus hormonal therapy in hormone receptor-positive (HR+), bone-dominant metastatic breast cancer. METHODS: In this single-center phase II study, 36 patients received Ra-223 (55 kBq/kg intravenously every 4 weeks) up to 6 cycles with endocrine therapy. The primary objective was to determine the clinical disease control rate at 9 months. Secondary objectives were to determine (a) tumor response rate at 6 months, (b) progression-free survival (PFS) durations, and (c) safety. RESULTS: The median number of prior systemic treatments for metastatic disease was 1 (range, 0-4). The disease control rate at 9 months was 49%. The tumor response rate at 6 months was 54% (complete response, 21%; partial, 32%). The median PFS was 7.4 months (95% CI, 4.8-not reached [NR]). The median bone-PFS was 16 months (95% CI, 7.3-NR). There were no grade 3/4 adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: Ra-223 with hormonal therapy showed possible efficacy in HR+ bone-dominant breast cancer metastasis, and adverse events were tolerable. We plan to further investigate the clinical application of Ra-223 in these patients. (NCT02366130).

19.
J Clin Oncol ; 37(36): 3484-3492, 2019 12 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657982

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To independently validate two biomarkers, a 44-gene DNA damage immune response (DDIR) signature and stromal tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (sTILs), as prognostic markers in patients with triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) treated with adjuvant doxorubicin (A) and cyclophosphamide (C) in SWOG 9313. METHODS: Four hundred twenty-five centrally determined patient cases with TNBC from S9313 were identified. DDIR signature was performed on RNA isolated from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor tissue, and samples were classified as DDIR negative or positive using predefined cutoffs. Evaluation of sTILs was performed as described previously. Markers were tested for prognostic value for disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) using Cox regression models adjusted for treatment assignment, nodal status, and tumor size. RESULTS: Among 425 patients with TNBC, 33% were node positive. DDIR was tested successfully in 90% of patients (381 of 425), 62% of which were DDIR signature positive. DDIR signature positivity was associated with improved DFS (hazard ratio [HR], 0.67; 95% CI, 0.48 to 0.92; P = .015) and OS (HR, 0.61; 95% CI, 0.43 to 0.89; P = .010). sTILs density assessment was available in 99% of patients and was associated with improved DFS (HR, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.51 to 0.96; P = .026 for sTILs density ≥ 20% v < 20%) and OS (HR, 0.59; 95% CI, 0.41 to 0.85; P = .004 for sTILs density ≥ 20% v < 20%). DDIR signature score and sTILs density were moderately correlated (r = 0.60), which precluded statistical significance for DFS in a joint model. Three-year DFS and OS in a subgroup of patients with DDIR positivity and T1c/T2N0 disease were 88% and 94%, respectively. CONCLUSION: The prognostic role of sTILs and DDIR in early-stage TNBC was confirmed. DDIR signature conferred improved prognosis in two thirds of patients with TNBC treated with adjuvant AC. DDIR signature has the potential to stratify outcome and to identify patients with less projected benefit after AC chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/imunologia , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Dano ao DNA , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Transcriptoma , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/mortalidade
20.
N Engl J Med ; 381(16): 1592-1593, 2019 10 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618550
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