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1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32944719

RESUMO

The alternative analysis of A. Bianchi and M. Savastano is a valuable contribution to the understanding of the complex systems at stake in the complexation chemistry of Zr4+ by considering polynuclear species. Placed in the context of nuclear medicine where such aggregates are unlikely and considering recent literature data, this however points out that no clear agreement exists to describe such complex formation.

2.
Mol Imaging Biol ; 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886302

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The use of 68Ga-labelled carbon nanoparticles has been proposed for lung ventilation PET/CT imaging. However, no study has assessed the physical properties of 68Ga-labelled carbon nanoparticles. The aim of this study therefore was to evaluate the shape and size of 68Ga-labelled carbon nanoparticles, and to determine the composition of the aerosol, as opposed to 99mTc-labelled carbon nanoparticles aerosol. PROCEDURES: 99mTc- and 68Ga-labelled carbon nanoparticles, stable gallium carbon nanoparticles, 0.9 % NaCl and 0.1 N HCl-based carbon nanoparticles were produced using an unmodified Technegas® generator, following the usual technique used for clinical Technegas® production. The shape and size of particles were studied by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) after decay of the radioactive samples. The composition of the 68Zn- and 99Tc-labelled carbon nanoparticles aerosols was assessed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) coupled with energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis after decay of the 68Ga- and 99mTc-labelled carbon nanoparticles, respectively. RESULTS: On TEM, all samples showed similar shape with hexagonally structured primary particles, agglomerated in clusters. The mean diameters of primary stable gallium carbon nanoparticles, 99Tc- and 68Zn-labelled carbon nanoparticles were 22.4 ± 10 nm, 20.9 ± 7.2 nm and 19.8 ± 11.7 nm, respectively. CONCLUSION: Using Technegas® generator in the usual clinical way, 99mTc- and 68Ga-labelled carbon nanoparticles demonstrated similar shape and diameters in the same size range size. These results support the use of 68Ga-labelled carbon nanoparticles for the assessment of regional lung ventilation function with PET imaging.

3.
Inorg Chem ; 59(16): 11736-11748, 2020 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32799456

RESUMO

A family of three picolinate pyclen-based ligands, previously investigated for the complexation of Y3+ and some lanthanide ions (Gd3+, Eu3+), was studied with 161Tb and 177Lu in view of potential radiotherapeutic applications. The set of six Tb3+ and Lu3+ complexes was synthesized and fully characterized. The coordination properties in the solid state and in solution were thoroughly studied. Potentiometric titrations, supported by density functional theory (DFT) calculations, showed the very high stability constants of the Tb3+ and Lu3+ complexes, associated with remarkable kinetic inertness for up to 30 days in 1 M HCl. A complete radiolabeling study performed with both 161Tb and 177Lu radionuclides, including experiments with regard to the stability with and without scavengers and kinetic inertness using challenging agents, proved that the ligands could reasonably compete with the DOTA analogue. To conclude, the potential of using the same ligand for both radiotherapy and optical imaging was highlighted for the first time.

4.
Inorg Chem ; 59(14): 10311-10327, 2020 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32639724

RESUMO

Ligands L1 and L2, respectively based on a cyclam and a cross-bridged cyclam scaffold functionalized at N1 and N8 by 6-phosphonic-2-methylene pyridyl groups, are described. While complexation of lanthanide (Ln) cations with L2 was not possible, a family of complexes has been prepared with L1, of the general formulae [LnL1H2]Cl (Ln3+ = Lu, Tb, Yb) or [LnL1H] (Ln3+ = Eu). The solution, structural, potentiometric, and photophysical data for these novel ligands and their complexes have been investigated, including a solid-state study by X-ray diffraction (L1, L2, and [EuL1H]), 1H NMR complexation investigations (Lu3+), as well as UV-vis absorption and luminescence spectroscopy in water and D2O (pH ≈ 7). L1 forms 1:1 metal-ligand stoichiometric octadentate complexes in solution. Importantly, the pyridyl phosphonate functions are capable of simultaneous chelation to the metal center and of interaction with a second metal center. 1H NMR (Lu3+) and spectrophotometric titrations of the isolated [TbL1]- complex by EuCl3 salts demonstrated the formation of high-order (hetero)polymetallic species in aqueous solution (H2O, pH = 7). Global analysis of the luminescence titration experiment points to the formation of 4:1, 3:1, and 3:2 [TbL1]/Eu heteropolynuclear assemblies, exhibiting a strong preference to forming [TbL1]3Eu2 at increased europium concentrations, with energy transfer occurring between the kinetically inert terbium complex and added europium cations.

5.
Bioconjug Chem ; 31(9): 2103-2115, 2020 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32567844

RESUMO

The synthesis of a polylysine polymer functionalized with the previously reported astonishingly inert [In(cb-te2pa)]+ chelate was performed. A biotin end group allowed the conjugation to biotinylated beads by the intermediary of a fluorescein isothiocyanate/neutravidin receptor. High quality imaging mass cytometry trials, based on 115In detection were performed to highlight the behavior of the material. Anti-CD20 antibody was labeled by the so-obtained In(III)-modified polylysine using the biotin/neutravidin interaction. Ramos (CD20[+]) and HL-60 (CD20[-]) cell lines were costained with the In(III)-modified bioconjugate by finding the best staining conditions. Both immunofluorescence microscopy (IF-M) and mass cytometry analyses confirmed the specific binding of anti-CD20 onto Ramos cells. CyTOF histograms constructed on the 115In detection allowed us to define and to separate, with a good signal-to-noise ratio, two populations (Ramos and HL-60). The inertness of In(III)-MCP-NAv over a three-month storage period was proved by performing new functionality tests involving Jurkat cells (CD20[-]) and multiparametric trials involving the 115In channel. The results ensure a promising future use of the previously announced [In(cb-te2pa)]+ complex-based polymers for mass cytometry.

6.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(22): 10184-10197, 2020 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32368907

RESUMO

In addition to the already described ligand L4a, two pyclen-based lanthanide chelators, L4b and L4c, bearing two specific picolinate two-photon antennas (tailor-made for each targeted metal) and one acetate arm arranged in a dissymmetrical manner, have been synthesized, to form a complete family of lanthanide luminescent bioprobes: [EuL4a], [SmL4a], [YbL4b], [TbL4c], and [DyL4c]. Additionally, the symmetrically arranged regioisomer L4a' was also synthesized as well as its [EuL4a'] complex to highlight the astonishing positive impact of the dissymmetrical N-distribution of the functional chelating arms. The investigation clearly shows the high performance of each bioprobe, which, depending on the complexed lanthanide, could be used in various applications. Each presents high brightness, quantum yields, and lifetimes. Staining of the complexes into living human breast cancer cells was observed. In addition, in vivo two-photon microscopy was performed for the first time on a living zebrafish model with [EuL4a]. No apparent toxicity was detected on the growth of the zebrafish, and images of high quality were obtained.

7.
Inorg Chem ; 59(12): 8184-8195, 2020 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32356996

RESUMO

We report a detailed study of the thermodynamic stability and dissociation kinetics of lanthanide complexes with two ligands containing a cyclen unit, a methyl group, a picolinate arm, and two acetate pendant arms linked to two nitrogen atoms of the macrocycle in either cis (1,4-H3DO2APA) or trans (1,7-H3DO2APA) positions. The stability constants of the Gd3+ complexes with these two ligands are very similar, with log KGdL values of 16.98 and 16.33 for the complexes of 1,4-H3DO2APA and 1,7-H3DO2APA, respectively. The stability constants of complexes with 1,4-H3DO2APA follow the usual trend, increasing from log KLaL = 15.96 to log KLuL = 19.21. However, the stability of [Ln(1,7-DO2APA)] complexes decreases from log K = 16.33 for Gd3+ to 14.24 for Lu3+. The acid-catalyzed dissociation rates of the Gd3+ complexes differ by a factor of ∼15, with rate constants (k1) of 1.42 and 23.5 M-1 s-1 for [Gd(1,4-DO2APA)] and [Gd(1,7-DO2APA)], respectively. This difference is magnified across the lanthanide series to reach a 5 orders of magnitude higher k1 for [Yb(1,7-DO2APA)] (1475 M-1 s-1) than for [Yb(1,4-DO2APA)] (5.79 × 10-3 M-1 s-1). The acid-catalyzed mechanism involves the protonation of a carboxylate group, followed by a cascade of proton-transfer events that result in the protonation of a nitrogen atom of the cyclen unit. Density functional theory calculations suggest a correlation between the strength of the Ln-Ocarboxylate bonds and the kinetic inertness of the complex, with stronger bonds providing more inert complexes. The 1H NMR resonance of the coordinated water molecule in the [Yb(1,7-DO2APA)] complex at 176 ppm provides a sizable chemical exchange saturation transfer effect thanks to a slow water exchange rate of (15.9 ± 1.6) × 103 s-1.

8.
Org Lett ; 22(6): 2344-2349, 2020 03 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32153195

RESUMO

A new family of chiral C2 symmetric tetraazamacrocycles, coined ISAC for IminoSugar Aza-Crown, incorporating two iminosugars adopting a 4C1 conformation is disclosed. Multinuclear NMR experiments on the corresponding Cd2+ complex show that the ISAC is a strong chelator in water and its tetramine cavity adopts a conformation similar to that of the parent Cd-cyclam complex. Similar behavior is observed with Cu2+ in solution, with enhanced stability compared to the Cu-cyclam complex.

9.
J Inorg Biochem ; 205: 110978, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951911

RESUMO

Based on our previous works involving two 1,4,7-triazacyclononane (tacn)-based ligands Hno2py1pa (1-Picolinic acid-4,7-bis(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)-1,4,7-triazacyclononane) and Hno1pa (1-Picolinic acid-1,4,7-triazacyclononane), we report here the synthesis of analogues bearing picolinate-based π-conjugated ILCT (Intra-Ligand Charge Transfer) transition antenna (HL1, HL2), using regiospecific N-functionalization of the tacn skeleton and their related transition metal complexes (e.g. Cu2+, Zn2+ and Mn2+). Coordination properties as well as their photophysical and electrochemical properties were investigated in order to quantify the impact of such antenna on the luminescent or relaxometric properties of the complexes. The spectroscopic properties of the targeted ligands and metal complexes have been studied using UV-Vis absorption and fluorescence spectrocopies. While the zinc complex formed with HL1 possesses a moderate quantum yield of 5%, complexation of Cu2+ led to an extinction of the luminescence putatively attributed to a photo-induced electron transfer, as supported by spectroscopic and electrochemical evidences. The [Mn(L2)]+ complex is characterized by a fluorescence quantum yield close to 8% in CH2Cl2. The potential interest of such systems as bimodal probes has been assessed from radiolabeling experiments conducted on HL1 and 64Cu2+ as well as confocal microscopy analyses and from relaxometric studies carried out on the cationic [Mn(L2)]+ complex. These results showed that HL1 can be used for radiolabeling, with a radiochemical conversion of 40% in 15 min at 100 °C. Finally, the relaxivity values obtained for [Mn(L2)]+, r1p = 4.80 mM-1·s-1 and r2p = 8.72 mM-1·s-1, make the Mn(II) complex an ideal candidate as a probe for Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

10.
Chemistry ; 25(67): 15387-15400, 2019 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479536

RESUMO

H2 cb-te2pa, a cross-bridged cyclam functionalized by two picolinate arms, was used for the formation of an incredible inert InIII chelate. The inertness of the complex was evaluated by UV/Vis experiments in several competitive media and was highlighted by the comparison with [In(dota)]- and [In(dtpa)]2- (H4 dota = 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid, H5 dtpa = diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid), which are currently used in biological applications. For the first time, a bifunctional analogue of H2 cb-te2pa was prepared by C-functionalization to keep its coordination properties intact. However, this strategy leads to the formation of two diastereoisomers as evidenced and studied by NMR experiments and DFT calculations. Kinetic studies proved nevertheless that both isomers of the complex are equally inert. They were therefore used without distinction for their covalent grafting on polystyrene beads. The so-called metal-encoded beads were tested for imaging mass cytometry. The detection of 115 In allows the generation of images with high quality, proving the great potential of the bifunctional [In(cb-te2pa)]+ derivatives for single-cell analysis by mass cytometry.

11.
Bioconjug Chem ; 30(9): 2393-2403, 2019 09 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31386357

RESUMO

Following the successful synthesis of a C-functionalized version of the TE1PA ligand, a monopicolinate cyclam, we looked to demonstrate its in vivo properties versus DOTA and NOTA, after conjugation on the 9E7.4 rat antibody, an IgG2a against CD138 murine, which has relevant properties for multiple myeloma targeting. For each ligand, different conjugation approaches had been considered to select the most appropriate for the comparative study. The p-SCN-Bn-TE1PA, NHS-DOTA, and p-SCN-Bn-NOTA were finally chosen for conjugation and radiolabeling tests. For in vivo comparison, we used a model of subcutaneous grafted mice with 5T33 tumor cells. In vitro tests and immuno-PET study highlighted 64Cu-9E7.4-p-SCN-Bn-NOTA as the least attractive. Further competitive biodistribution and hepatic metabolic studies at 2, 24, and 48 h post-injection (100 µg radiolabeled with 10 MBq of 64Cu) were then performed with the 64Cu-9E7.4-p-SCN-Bn-TE1PA and 64Cu-9E7.4-NHS-DOTA. Results show a better in vivo resistance of 64Cu-9E7.4-p-SCN-Bn-TE1PA to transchelation compared to 64Cu-9E7.4-NHS-DOTA, especially at later times. This was confirmed with 64Cu-9E7.4-p-SCN-Bn-NOTA at 48 h PI. 64Cu-9E7.4-p-SCN-Bn-TE1PA also demonstrated an excellent hepatic clearance. 64Cu-9E7.4-p-SCN-Bn-TE1PA displayed an overall superiority compared to 64Cu-9E7.4-NHS-DOTA and 64Cu-9E7.4-p-SCN-Bn-NOTA in terms of in vivo stability, reinforcing the usefulness of the p-SCN-Bn-TE1PA ligand for 64Cu immuno-PET imaging.

12.
ACS Omega ; 4(2): 2500-2509, 2019 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31459488

RESUMO

In this study, we report, for the first time, the synthesis of two original nanosystems, based on gold Au(III) and copper Cu(II): simple gold-copper nanoparticles (Cu0AuNPs) and enriched monopicolinate cyclam (L1)-Cu(II)-Au(III)-complex (L1@Cu2+AuNPs). The two nanomaterials differ substantially by the chelation or not of the Cu(II) ions during the NPs synthesis process. The two hybrid nanoparticles (Cu0AuNPs; L1@Cu2+AuNPs) were deeply studied from the chemical and physical point of view, using many different analytical techniques such as Raman and UV-vis spectroscopy, electron transmission microscopy, and dynamic light scattering. Both nanosystems show morphological and good chemical stability at pH 4 values and in physiological conditions during 98 h. Undifferentiated and neural differentiated murine embryonic stem cells were used as a model system for in vitro experiments to reveal the effects of NPs on these cells. The comparative study between Cu0AuNPs and L1@Cu2+AuNPs highlights that copper chelated in its +2 oxidation state in the NPs is more functional for biological application.

13.
Dalton Trans ; 48(27): 10104-10115, 2019 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31180109

RESUMO

In the search for receptors suitable for the recognition of phosphate or polyphosphate anions, a new unsymmetrical squaramide-based ligand bearing dipicolylamine (dpa) and ethylpiperazine units (L) was designed and prepared. The acid-base reactions of L, its copper(ii) complexation behaviour and the binding of phosphate and polyphosphate anions by the copper(ii) complexes used as receptors were evaluated. 1H and 13C NMR titrations of L performed in D2O allowed the determination of its protonation sequence. The ligand L is able to coordinate two copper(ii) cations forming thermodynamically stable dinuclear complexes likely having two water molecules bound to each metal centre, as supported by DFT calculations. Coordinated water molecules can be replaced by the O-donors of the phosphate/polyphosphate anions. The potentiometric studies showed that at 2 : 1 Cu2+ : L ratio the dinuclear [Cu2LH-1]3+ species predominates from pH ∼ 5 to ∼7, and hydroxodinuclear species prevail at pH > 7. 1H NMR experiments in both H2O/D2O 9 : 1 v/v and in DMSO proved that copper(ii) coordination provokes deprotonation of the squaramide NH bound to the ethylpiperazine moiety, resulting in [Cu2LH-1]3+ species. The dicopper(ii) complexes of L, [Cu2LH-i]4-i, were used as the receptor for the uptake of some phosphate and polyphosphate anions. The receptor presents very high association constants with HPPi3- and ATP4- and the determined Keff showed that at physiological pH ATP4- is selectively taken from an aqueous solution containing phenylphosphate (PhPO42-), aminoethylphosphate (Haep-), AMP2- and ADP3-, but HPPi3- strongly interferes. DFT calculations suggest that the strong interaction with HPPi3- and ATP4- is related to the simultaneous coordination of the polyphosphate unit to the two copper(ii) centres.

14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(10)2019 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31137758

RESUMO

Although positron emission tomography (PET) imaging with 18-Fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) is a promising technique in multiple myeloma (MM), the development of other radiopharmaceuticals seems relevant. CD138 is currently used as a standard marker for the identification of myeloma cells and could be used in phenotype tumor imaging. In this study, we used an anti-CD138 murine antibody (9E7.4) radiolabeled with copper-64 (64Cu) or zirconium-89 (89Zr) and compared them in a syngeneic mouse model to select the optimal tracers for MM PET imaging. Then, 9E7.4 was conjugated to TE2A-benzyl isothiocyanate (TE2A) and desferrioxamine (DFO) chelators for 64Cu and 89Zr labeling, respectively. 64Cu-TE2A-9E7.4 and 89Zr-DFO-9E7.4 antibodies were evaluated by PET imaging and biodistribution studies in C57BL/KaLwRij mice bearing either 5T33-MM subcutaneous tumors or bone lesions and were compared to 18F-FDG-PET imaging. In biodistribution and PET studies, 64Cu-TE2A-9E7.4 and 89Zr-DFO-9E7.4 displayed comparable good tumor uptake of subcutaneous tumors. On the bone lesions, PET imaging with 64Cu-TE2A-9E7.4 and 89Zr-DFO-9E7.4 showed higher uptake than with 18F-FDG-PET. Comparison of both 9E7.4 conjugates revealed higher nonspecific bone uptakes of 89Zr-DFO-9E7.4 than 64Cu-TE2A-9E7.4. Because of free 89Zr's tropism for bone when using 89Zr-anti-CD138, 64Cu-anti-CD138 antibody had the most optimal tumor-to-nontarget tissue ratios for translation into humans as a specific new imaging radiopharmaceutical agent in MM.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico por imagem , Radioisótopos de Cobre/farmacocinética , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Radioisótopos/farmacocinética , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/farmacocinética , Sindecana-1/imunologia , Zircônio/farmacocinética , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/química , Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Radioisótopos de Cobre/efeitos adversos , Radioisótopos de Cobre/química , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18/farmacocinética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia , Radioisótopos/efeitos adversos , Radioisótopos/química , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/efeitos adversos , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/química , Sindecana-1/química , Distribuição Tecidual , Zircônio/efeitos adversos , Zircônio/química
15.
Dalton Trans ; 48(24): 8740-8755, 2019 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31143891

RESUMO

Three tacn (1,4,7-triazacyclononane)-based ligands substituted by methylthiazolylcarboxylate (tha) and/or methylthiazolyl (th) arms have been examined for copper complexation with the aim to study the impact of carboxylate groups on the complexation of Cu(ii), which can present an endo- or exo-cyclic coordination. Two new ligands have been synthesised: H3no3tha, tacn bearing three methylthiazolylcarboxylate arms, and H2no1th2tha, tacn with one methylthiazolyl and two methylthiazolylcarboxylate arms, while Hno2th1tha had already been described. Their complexation behaviour with 1 or 1.5 equivalents of metal was studied on the basis of preliminary results showing the tendency of tha arms to form exocyclic polynuclear species. The solid state studies of the Cu(ii) and Zn(ii) complexes were investigated and some of their structures were characterised by X-ray diffraction. The physicochemical properties of the complexes in solution were also investigated by means of potentiometric measurements, UV-vis spectroscopy, EPR and computational studies, NMR characterisation of the corresponding Zn(ii) complexes and redox behaviour by electrochemistry. Mono- and tri-nuclear complexes ML and M3L2 were formed and isolated, highlighting the tendency of methylthiazolylcarboxylate arms, when carried by a tacn platform, to form exo-cyclic and polynuclear complexes. However, this exhaustive study evidences that the "out of cage" and "in cage" present different behaviour in terms of stability.

16.
Chemistry ; 25(38): 9026-9034, 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30972809

RESUMO

Two trispicolinate 1,4,7-triazacyclonane (TACN)-based ligands bearing three picolinate biphotonic antennae were synthetized and their Yb3+ and Gd3+ complexes isolated. One series differs from the other by the absence (L1 )/presence (L2 ) of bromine atoms on the antenna backbone, offering respectively improved optical and singlet-oxygen generation properties. Photophysical properties of the ligands, complexes and micellar Pluronic suspensions were investigated. Complexes exhibit high two-photon absorption cross-section combined either with NIR emission (Yb) or excellent 1 O2 generation (Gd). The very large intersystem crossing efficiency induced by the combination of bromine atom and heavy rare-earth element was corroborated with theoretical calculations. The 1 O2 generation properties of L2 Gd micellar suspension under two-photon activation leads to tumour cell death, suggesting the potential of such structures for theranostic applications.

17.
Inorg Chem ; 58(4): 2669-2685, 2019 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30689368

RESUMO

We present here the synthesis of two new bifunctionalized azachelators, no2th-EtBzNCS and Hno2th1tha, as bioconjugable analogues of two previously described di- and trimethylthiazolyl 1,4,7-triazacyclononane (tacn) ligands, no2th and no3th, for potential uses in copper-64 (64Cu) positron emission tomography imaging. The first one bears an isothiocyanate group on the remaining free nitrogen atom of the tacn framework, while the second one presents an additional carboxylic function on one of the three heterocyclic pendants. Their syntheses required regiospecific N-functionalization of the macrocycles. In order to investigate their suitability for in vivo applications, a complete study of their copper(II) chelation was performed. The acid-base properties of the ligands and their thermodynamic stability constants with copper(II) and zinc(II) cations were determined using potentiometric techniques. Structural studies were conducted in both solution and the solid state, consolidated by theoretical calculations. The kinetic inertness in an acidic medium of both copper(II) complexes was determined by spectrophotometry, while cyclic voltammetry experiments were performed to evaluate the stability at the copper(I) redox state. UV-vis, NMR (of the zinc complexes), electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, and density functional theory studies showed excellent agreement between the solution structures of the complexes and their crystallographic data. These investigations unambiguously prove that these bifunctional derivatives display similar coordination properties as their no2th and no3th counterparts, opening the door to targeted bioapplications. The no2th-EtBzNCS and Hno2th1tha ligands were then conjugated to a bombesin antagonist peptide for targeting the gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (GRPr). To highlight the potential of the two chelators for radiopharmaceutical development, the 64Cu-radiolabeling properties, in vitro stability, and binding affinity to GRPr of the corresponding bioconjugates were determined. Altogether, the results of this work warrant the further development of 64Cu-based radiopharmaceuticals comprising our novel bifunctional chelators.


Assuntos
Compostos Aza/química , Bombesina/química , Quelantes/química , Radioisótopos de Cobre/química , Piperidinas/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Marcação por Isótopo , Ligantes , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Teoria Quântica , Água/química
19.
Inorg Chem ; 57(12): 6932-6945, 2018 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29846067

RESUMO

We report a detailed characterization of lanthanide complexes with two azaligands based on the pyclen macrocycle containing two picolinate and one acetate pendant arms. The two picolinate arms are attached to either opposite (L3) or adjacent (L4) amine nitrogen atoms of the macrocyclic platform. The X-ray structures of the Yb3+ complexes show nine coordination of the ligand to the metal ion, a situation that is also observed for EuL4 in the solid state. The EuL3 complex forms centrosymmetric dimers in the solid state joined by µ2-η1:η1 carboxylate groups, which results in 10-coordinate Eu3+ ions. The emission spectra of EuL3 measured in H2O and D2O solution reveal the presence of a hydration equilibrium involving a nine-coordinate species lacking inner-sphere water molecules and a monohydrated 10-coordinate species. The Eu3+ complexes present modest emission quantum yields in buffered aqueous solution (Φ = 16 and 22% for EuL3 and EuL4, 0.1 M tris buffer, pH 7.4), while the corresponding Tb3+ complexes present very high emission quantum yields under the same conditions (∼90%). 1H NMR studies show that the complexes of L3 present a fluxional behavior in D2O solution, while those of L4 are more rigid. The analysis of the Yb3+-induced NMR shifts of YbL4 indicates that the complex presents a structure in solution similar to that observed in the solid state. The Gd3+ complexes present very high thermodynamic stability constants (log KGdL = 23.56(2) and 23.44(2) for GdL3 and GdL4, respectively). The corresponding pGd values (pGd = -log[Gd3+]free with cL = 1 × 10-5 M and cGd = 1 × 10-6 at pH 7.4) of 20.69 (GdL3) and 21.83 (GdL4) are higher than that of Gd(dota)- (pGd = 19.21). The Gd3+ complexes also show remarkable inertness with respect to their proton-assisted dissociation, with dissociation half-life times of 50 min (GdL3) and 20 h (GdL4) in 1 M HCl.

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