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1.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; : 2048872619883619, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657616

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The European Society of Cardiology's 0/1-hour algorithm improves the early triage of patients towards "rule-out" or "rule-in" of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. The HEART score is a risk stratification tool for patients with undifferentiated chest pain. We sought to evaluate the performance of the European Society of Cardiology 0/1-hour algorithm and the HEART score to evaluate chest pain patients in the emergency department. METHODS: In this prospective study, we applied the European Society of Cardiology 0/1-hour algorithm and the HEART score in 1355 consecutive patients who presented to the emergency department with symptoms suggestive of acute coronary syndrome without ST-segment elevation. Patients were followed for non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions and major adverse cardiac events at 30 days: death, non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, or unplanned coronary revascularization. RESULTS: The European Society of Cardiology 0/1-hour algorithm classified 921 (68.0%) patients as "rule-out" and the HEART score classified 686 (50.6%) patients as "low-risk". The 30-day incidence of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions was 0.32% in the European Society of Cardiology 0/1-hour algorithm "rule-out" patients versus 0.29% in the HEART score "low-risk" patients (p=0.75). The rate of major adverse cardiac events was 7.7% in the European Society of Cardiology 0/1-hour algorithm "rule-out" patients versus 1.1% in the HEART score "low-risk" patients (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The European Society of Cardiology 0/1-hour algorithm identified more patients with low risk of non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions at 30 days whereas for major adverse cardiac events, the HEART score had a greater capacity to detect low-risk patients.

2.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 74(4): 483-494, 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31345421

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The European Society of Cardiology (ESC) recommends the 0/1-h algorithm for rapid triage of patients with suspected non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (MI). However, its impact on patient management and safety when routinely applied is unknown. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine these important real-world outcome data. METHODS: In a prospective international study enrolling patients presenting with acute chest discomfort to the emergency department (ED), the authors assessed the real-world performance of the ESC 0/1-h algorithm using high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T embedded in routine clinical care and its associated 30-day rates of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) (the composite of cardiovascular death and MI). RESULTS: Among 2,296 patients, non-ST-segment elevation MI prevalence was 9.8%. In median, 1-h blood samples were collected 65 min after the 0-h blood draw. Overall, 94% of patients were managed without protocol violations, and 98% of patients triaged toward rule-out did not require additional cardiac investigations including high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T measurements at later time points or coronary computed tomography angiography in the ED. Median ED stay was 2 h and 30 min. The ESC 0/1-h algorithm triaged 62% of patients toward rule-out, and 71% of all patients underwent outpatient management. Proportion of patients with 30-day MACE were 0.2% (95% confidence interval: 03% to 0.5%) in the rule-out group and 0.1% (95% confidence interval: 0% to 0.2%) in outpatients. Very low MACE rates were confirmed in multiple subgroups, including early presenters. CONCLUSIONS: These real-world data document the excellent applicability, short time to ED discharge, and low rate of 30-day MACE associated with the routine clinical use of the ESC 0/1-h algorithm for the management of patients presenting with acute chest discomfort to the ED.

3.
J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) ; 20(6): 389-396, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30994509

RESUMO

AIMS: Left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction is a key feature of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) that identifies patients at increased risk of adverse outcomes. Previous studies have hypothesized that LVOT obstruction enhances myocardial fibrosis and increases left ventricular (LV) filling pressures, producing greater clinical deterioration. However, this hypothesis has not been demonstrated in a clinical cohort comparing obstructive and nonobstructive patients. METHODS: Patients with HCM in whom Doppler echocardiography was performed within 30 days of cardiac MRI were enrolled, using the E/e' ratio to assess LV diastolic function and late gadolinium enhancement to evaluate the extent of fibrosis. Data were assorted according to LVOT obstruction status at rest. RESULTS: The current study enrolled 67 patients who were mostly middle-aged (56.8 ±â€Š13.2 years old) men (75%) with preserved ejection fraction. Obstructive HCM presented a significant association with a high fibrosis extent [odds ratio (OR) 3.33; P = 0.034] which was maintained after adjusting for sex and age (OR 4.37; P = 0.016) but not for maximum LV wall thickness (OR 2.13; P = 0.225). Obstructive HCM was also associated with a clinically significant E/e' ratio more than 14 (OR 7.8; P = 0.001) which decreased slightly after adjusting for age, sex and maximum LV thickness (OR 6.54; P = 0.014). There was a significant association between an E/e' ratio more than 14 and the extent of fibrosis (OR 1.29; P < 0.001) which was maintained after adjusting for age, sex and maximum LV wall thickness (OR 1.36; P = 0.001). CONCLUSION: LVOT obstruction may play a role in the extent of fibrosis in HCM, possibly conditioning greater diastolic dysfunction.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia Doppler , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Miocárdio/patologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Obstrução do Fluxo Ventricular Externo/diagnóstico por imagem , Remodelação Ventricular , Adulto , Idoso , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/patologia , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/fisiopatologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Fibrose , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Volume Sistólico , Fatores de Tempo , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/patologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Obstrução do Fluxo Ventricular Externo/patologia , Obstrução do Fluxo Ventricular Externo/fisiopatologia , Pressão Ventricular
4.
Rev. argent. cardiol ; 87(1): 7-10, feb. 2019. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1003242

RESUMO

RESUMEN Objetivo: Presentar los resultados a dos años de seguimiento de la cohorte argentina del estudio EPICOR, un registro internacional, multicéntrico, observacional, prospectivo, diseñado para determinar los patrones de utilización de la terapia antitrombótica en pacientes con síndrome coronario agudo en el contexto de la práctica clínica habitual. Material y métodos: Se enrolaron 438 pacientes consecutivos con infarto de miocardio con supradesnivel del segmento ST (STEMI, 41%) o SCA sin supradesnivel del segmento ST (NSTE-ACS, 59%), externados vivos de centros hospitalarios públicos, privados y de comunidad. La media de edad fue 62 años, el 76% eran varones, el 71% hipertensos, el 64% fumadores, el 19% diabéticos y el 40% tenían antecedentes de patología cardiovascular previa. Resultados: La mortalidad global fue del 4,8% al año y del 7,3% a los 2 años. El uso de doble antiagregación plaquetaria fue del 80% al año y del 53% a los 2 años (p < 0,0001), sin diferencias entre aquellos con supradesnivel del ST o sin este. La incidencia de eventos isquémicos y hemorrágicos mayores a los 2 años fue del 15,3% y del 1,8%, respectivamente. Conclusiones: Se observó un elevado porcentaje de persistencia de la doble antiagregación plaquetaria a los 2 años, más allá del año recomendado por las guías, con baja incidencia de hemorragias mayores, lo que sugiere una selección clínica de riesgo-beneficio.


ABSTRACT Objectives: To present the two-year follow-up resultis of the EPICOR study Argentine cohort, a prospective, international, observational, multicenter registry designed to determine the use of antithrombotic therapy patterns in the routine clinical practice of patientis with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods: The study enrolled a total of 438 consecutive patientis with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI, 41%) or non-ST-segment elevation ACS (NSTE ACS, 59%) discharged alive from public, private, and community hospitals. Mean age was 62 years, 76% of patientis were male, 71% hypertensive, 64% smokers, 19% diabetic and 40% had history of previous cardiovascular disease. Resultis: Overall mortality was 4.8% at 1 year and 7.3% at 2 years. Use of dual antiplatelet therapy was 80% at one year and 53% at 2 years (p<0.0001), with no differences between those with or without ST-segment elevation. The 2-year incidence of ischemic and major bleeding eventis was 15.3% and 1.8%, respectively Conclusions: Beyond the one-year administration recommended by the guidelines, a high percentage of persistent dual antiplatelet therapy was observed at 2 years, with a low incidence of major bleeding eventis, suggesting a clinical risk-benefit selection.

5.
Rev. argent. cardiol ; 86(5): 15-24, oct. 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1003219

RESUMO

RESUMEN Introducción: El score HEART consiste en una prueba sencilla que fue diseñada para estratificar a los pacientes que consultan al servicio de emergencias por dolor torácico, según su riesgo de presentar un síndrome coronario agudo a corto plazo. Fue creado inicialmente con troponina de cuarta generación, pero el advenimiento de la troponina de alta sensibilidad impuso su incorporación al score y la reevaluación de su comportamiento. Objetivo: Nos propusimos evaluar el comportamiento del score HEART con troponina de alta sensibilidad. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio prospectivo que incluyó 1464 pacientes (p) que consultaron al servicio de emergencia por dolor torácico y que tenían electrocardiograma sin elevación del segmento ST. Se evaluó la incidencia de MACE (combinado de infarto agudo de miocardio, muerte y revascularización) a 30 días. Resultados: El índice clasificó 739 pacientes (50,5 %) como de bajo riesgo, 515 pacientes (35,2%) de riesgo intermedio y 210 pacientes (14,3%) de alto riesgo. La incidencia de la combinación de infarto agudo de miocardio, muerte y revascularización fue del 1,35% en el primer grupo; del 20%, en el segundo; y del 71%, en el tercero (long rank test p < 0,001). El área bajo la curva global para la combinación de infarto agudo de miocardio, muerte y revascularización fue de 0,91 (0,89-0,93). Conclusiones: El score HEART que utiliza troponina de alta sensibilidad tiene una gran capacidad para clasificar pacientes con dolor torácico de acuerdo con su riesgo de presentar eventos cardiovasculares en el corto plazo.

6.
Rev. argent. cardiol ; 86(5): 68-70, oct. 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1003225

RESUMO

RESUMEN Introducción: La disección coronaria espontánea (DCE) es una causa infrecuente de síndrome coronario agudo (SCA). Es conocida su mayor frecuencia en mujeres jóvenes; sin embargo, sus características clínicas y evolutivas permanecen insuficientemente estudiadas. Objetivo: Evaluar las características clínicas y la evolución de la DCE y su comparación con el síndrome coronario agudo ateroesclerótico (SCAA) en mujeres jóvenes. Material y métodos: Estudio de cohorte prospectivo, realizado entre 2015 y 2017, en el que se compararon mujeres menores de 60 años que ingresaron por SCA por DCE con otro cohorte que presentaba SCAA. Resultados: Se incluyeron 49 pacientes, 7 (14,29%) presentaban DCE. La mediana de seguimiento fue de 10 meses (Pc 25-75 2-18). La mediana de edad fue de 44 años (Pc 25-75 38-45) en grupo DCE y de 55 (Pc 25-75 49-58) en SCAA (P = 0,002), con mayor prevalencia de hipertensión arterial, dislipemia en grupo SCAA (69% vs. 14,3% P = 0,006 y 71% vs. 14% P = 0,004 respectivamente). En el grupo DCE hubo mayor estrés (57,1% vs. 4,8% P = 0,001) y uso de ergotamina (28,6% vs. 0% P = 0,0001) y se presentaron más frecuentemente como infarto agudo de miocardio con elevación del ST (71,4% vs. 28,6%; P = 0,02. El punto final primario ocurrió en 3 pacientes (42,9%) del grupo con DCE y fue menor en el SCAA (9,5%, P = 0,02. En el seguimiento, el 14,9% del grupo DCE y el 14,8% de SCAA presentaron el punto final secundario (P = 0,9). Conclusiones: Las mujeres con DCE tuvieron menor prevalencia de factores de riesgo cardiovascular y presentaron un SCA con peor impacto hemodinámico y mayores complicaciones. La evolución a largo plazo no mostró diferencias significativas.


ABSTRACT Background: Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare cause of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Its prevalence is higher in young women, but its clinical characteristics and outcome remain insufficiently studied. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the baseline characteristics and outcome of SCAD compared with atheroscle-rotic acute coronary syndrome (AACS) in young women. Methods: This prospective cohort study compared women <60 years admitted with ACS due to SCAD with another cohort with AACS, between 2015 and 2017. Results: A total of 49 patients were included, 7 of which (14.29%) presented SCAD. Median follow-up was 10 months (25-75 IQR: 2-18). Median age was 44 years (25-75 IQR: 38-45) in the SCAD group and 55 years (25-75 IQR: 40-58) in the AACS group (p=0.002), with greater prevalence of hypertension and dyslipidemia (69% vs. 14.3%, p=0.006 and 71% vs. 14% p=0.004, respectively). Episodes of acute stress (57.1% vs. 4.8%, p=0.001) and use of ergotamine (28.6% vs. 0%, p=0.0001) were more common in the SCAD group, and ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction was the most frequent presentation (71.4% vs. 28.6%; p=0.02). The primary endpoint occurred in 3 patients (42.9%) of the SCAD group and was less frequent in the AACS group (9.5%, p=0.02). During follow-up, 14.9% of patients in the SCAD group and 14.8% in the AACS group presented the secondary endpoint (p=0.9). Conclusions: Women with SCAD had lower prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and presented ACS with worse hemody-namic impact and more complications. The long-term outcome did not show significant differences.

8.
Rev. argent. cardiol ; 86(1): 35-41, Feb. 2018.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-990515

RESUMO

RESUMEN: Introducción: Actualmente no hay consenso sobre el manejo anestésico más adecuado en el implante valvular aórtico percutáneo por vía transfemoral. Aunque se ha demostrado la factibilidad de concretar el procedimiento bajo anestesia local con sedación consciente o sin esta, los resultados clínicos reportados son controvertidos. Objetivos: Evaluar la seguridad y eficacia del implante valvular aórtico percutáneo por vía transfemoral realizado bajo anestesia general versus anestesia local con sedación consciente. Material y métodos: Análisis unicéntrico y retrospectivo de los pacientes con estenosis aórtica grave sintomática con alto riesgo quirúrgico sometidos a un implante valvular aórtico percutáneo por vía transfemoral desde marzo de 2009 a diciembre de 2016, según el manejo anestésico. Los desenlaces de seguridad y eficacia fueron evaluados a 30 días según las definiciones del Valve Academic Research Consortium-2. Además, se evaluaron los principales tiempos durante la internación. Resultados: Se incluyeron 121 pacientes (Edad 83,2 ± 5,7 años, hombres 48,8%), tratados con un implante valvular aórtico percutáneo por vía transfemoral bajo anestesia general (n = 55, 45,5%) o anestesia local con sedación consciente (n = 66, 54,5%). No se observaron diferencias significativas en los resultados intraprocedimiento ni en los desenlaces de seguridad y eficacia a 30 días. La mortalidad a 30 días fue del 7,3% en el grupo AG y del 3% en el grupo anestesia local con sedación consciente 3%, p log-rank 0,28 (mortalidad global 5%). La necesidad de conversión a anestesia general se presentó en 2 pacientes (3%), por complicaciones vasculares mayores durante el procedimiento. El grupo anestesia local con sedación consciente presentó menor tiempo total de procedimiento, internación en unidad de cuidados intensivos e internación total. Conclusión: El implante valvular aórtico percutáneo por vía transfemoral realizado bajo anestesia local con sedación consciente, parece ser una alternativa segura y eficaz al uso de anestesia general.


Abstract: Background: Currently, there is no consensus about the most adequate anesthetic management in transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement. Although it has been shown that local anesthesia (LA) with or without conscious sedation is feasible, clinical results are controversial. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement performed under general anesthesia versus local anesthesia with conscious sedation. Methods: This was a single-center, retrospective study of high risk patients with severe aortic stenosis undergoing transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement between March 2009 and December 2016. The population was divided according to anesthetic management. Safety and efficacy outcomes were evaluated at 30-days and were classified according to definitions of the Valve Academic Research Consortium-2. In addition, key times during hospitalization were evaluated. Results: A total of 121 patients undergoing transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement under general anesthesia (n=55, 45.5%) or local anesthesia with conscious sedation (n=66, 54.5%). were included in this analysis. Mean age was 83.2±5.7 years and 48.8% were men. There were no differences in either the procedural result or in the 30-day efficacy and safety outcomes. The rate of death at 30-days was 7.3% in the group with general anesthesia and 3% in the local anesthesia with conscious sedation group (log-rank p 0.28). The need of conversion to general anesthesia was 3% (2 patients), in all cases due to major vascular complications during the procedure. In the local anesthesia with conscious sedation group shorter procedural time, intensive care unit and hospital length of stay were observed. Conclusions: Transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement performed under local anesthesia with conscious sedation seems to be a safe and effective alternative to the use of general anesthesia.

9.
Am J Emerg Med ; 36(6): 911-915, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29111332

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Floating right heart thrombi (FRHTS) are a rare phenomenon associated with high mortality. Immediate treatment is mandatory, but optimal therapy is controversial. OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical characteristics according to different treatment strategies and to identify predictors of mortality on patients with FRHTS. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of reported clinical cases of TTRH from 2006 to 2016. RESULTS: 207 patients were analyzed, median age was 60years, 51.7% were men, 31.4% presented with shock. Pulmonary thromboembolism was present in 85% of the cases. The treatments administered were anticoagulation therapy in 44 patients (21.28%), surgical embolectomy in 89 patients (43%), thrombolytic therapy in 66 patients (31.8%), percutaneous thrombectomy in 3 patients (1.93%) and fibrinolytic in situ in 4 (1.45%). The overall mortality rate was 21.3%. The mortality associated with anticoagulation alone was higher than surgical embolectomy or thrombolysis (36.4 vs 18% vs 18.2%, respectively, p=0.03), and in percutaneous thrombectomy and fibrinolytics in situ was 0%. At multivariate analysis, only anticoagulation alone (odds ratio [OR] 2.4, IC 95% 1.07-5.4, p=0.03), and shock (OR 2.87 (IC 95% 1.3-5.9, p=0.005) showed a statistically significant effect on mortality. CONCLUSION: FRHTS represent a serious form of thromboembolism that requires rapid decisions to improve the survival. Anticoagulation as the only strategy does not seem to be sufficient, while thrombolysis and surgical thrombectomy show better and similar results. A proper individualization of the risk and benefits of both techniques is necessary to choose the most appropriate strategy for our patients.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Previsões , Trombectomia/métodos , Terapia Trombolítica/métodos , Trombose , Ecocardiografia , Eletrocardiografia , Saúde Global , Átrios do Coração , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias/epidemiologia , Cardiopatias/terapia , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos , Morbidade/tendências , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Trombose/diagnóstico , Trombose/epidemiologia , Trombose/terapia
11.
J Atr Fibrillation ; 9(6): 1530, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29250287

RESUMO

Cardiac troponin assays have provided a significant contribution for the early diagnosis of cardiovascular events. There is significant evidence about the association between the absolute value of elevated cardiac troponin levels with the prognosis of patients with chest pain. However, it is well-known that elevated cardiac troponin levels may occur in situations other than acute coronary syndromes, as it happens with atrial fibrillation. The significance and prognosis of this elevation are not entirely clear. We review the evidence about the meaning of such elevation in the setting of atrial fibrillation.

12.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 36(3): 244-248, dic. 2017. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-899592

RESUMO

Resumen: Se presenta el caso de un paciente de sexo femenino de 42 años sin antecedentes clínicos de relevancia, con hipopotasemia severa y cambios electrocardiográficos imitando isquemia miocárdica con enfermedad corona-ria de múltiples vasos.


Abstracts: A 42-year-old woman with no previous medical history developed severe hypokalemia. The ECG changes suggested multivessel coronary artery disease with ischemia in several territories.


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico , Eletrocardiografia , Hipopotassemia/diagnóstico , Potássio/uso terapêutico , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Hipopotassemia/complicações , Hipopotassemia/tratamento farmacológico
14.
Int J Cardiol ; 236: 340-344, 2017 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28214078

RESUMO

Hospitalization for heart failure (HF) places a major burden on healthcare services worldwide, and is a strong predictor of increased mortality especially in the first three months after discharge. Though undesirable, hospitalization is an opportunity to optimize HF therapy and advise clinicians and patients about the importance of continued adherence to HF medication and regular monitoring. The Optimize Heart Failure Care Program (www.optimize-hf.com), which has been implemented in 45 countries, is designed to improve outcomes following HF hospitalization through inexpensive initiatives to improve prescription of appropriate drug therapies, patient education and engagement, and post-discharge planning. It includes best practice clinical protocols for local adaptation, pre- and post-discharge checklists, and 'My HF Passport', a printed and smart phone application to improve patient understanding of HF and encourage involvement in care and treatment adherence. Early experience of the Program suggests that factors leading to successful implementation include support from HF specialists or 'local leaders', regular educational meetings for participating healthcare professionals, multidisciplinary collaboration, and full integration of pre- and post-hospital discharge checklists across care services. The Program is helping to raise awareness of HF and generate useful data on current practice. It is showing how good evidence-based care can be achieved through the use of simple clinician and patient-focused tools. Preliminary results suggest that optimization of HF pharmacological therapy is achievable through the Program, with little new investment. Further data collection will lead to a greater understanding of the impact of the Program on HF care and key indicators of success.


Assuntos
Lista de Checagem/tendências , Saúde Global/tendências , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Hospitalização/tendências , Lista de Checagem/normas , Saúde Global/normas , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Humanos , Alta do Paciente/normas , Alta do Paciente/tendências
15.
Am J Cardiol ; 118(6): 901-905, 2016 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27448685

RESUMO

The prevalence of left ventricular noncompacted myocardium (LVNC) is not clearly defined yet. The goal of this study was to prospectively assess the prevalence of LVNC in a population of patients assessed for cardiovascular disease and to analyze the coincidence between observers using the echocardiographic criteria for diagnosis of LVNC. We included patients prospectively during a 1-year period. To analyze the concordance between different observers, we performed a blind analysis of 50 patients between 7 operators to calculate Kappa index for each criteria. The analysis of concordance for final diagnosis of LVNC was free-marginal kappa: 0.94. A total of 10,857 patients underwent echocardiography; 2,931 (27%) were normal. LVNC was found in 26 patients (prevalence = 0.24%), 16 patients were women, mean age of 52.6 years. Patients were divided into 2 groups; group A: ejection fraction (EF) <50% (n = 20) and group B: normal systolic function (n = 6). Among abnormal studies, 294 (2.7%) were dilated cardiomyopathies (DCs) Patients with LVNC and EF <50% comprised 6.8% of DC (20 of 294) and 24% (20 of 75) of patients with idiopathic DC (p <0.0001). Group A patients were older and with less presence of women (both p <0.05). In conclusion, the prevalence of LVNC in a population assessed for cardiovascular diseases is low. In contrast, it is very high in the subgroup of patients with idiopathic DC. The group of patients with LVNC and normal LVEF is younger and with a higher presence of women than those with LVNC and depressed LVEF. Coincidence between operators is very good for the identification of echocardiographic criteria.


Assuntos
Miocárdio Ventricular não Compactado Isolado/epidemiologia , Volume Sistólico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Argentina/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ecocardiografia , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Feminino , Humanos , Miocárdio Ventricular não Compactado Isolado/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
16.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 39(6): 588-91, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27000950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High-sensitivity cardiac troponin assays have provided a significant contribution for the early diagnosis of cardiovascular events. However, elevated cardiac troponin levels may occur in other clinical situations as supraventricular tachyarrhythmias with concerns about the mechanism of this elevation. OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: The goal of this study was to describe the performance of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) assay in patients presenting to the emergency department with a primary diagnosis of supraventricular tachyarrhythmia and to evaluate its relation with cardiovascular events during follow-up. RESULTS: One hundred patients were included; mean age was 64 ± 12 years and 59.8% were men. The most common arrhythmia at admission was atrial fibrillation (68%), followed by atrial flutter (16%) and reentrant tachycardia (16%). The results of the first determination of hs-cTnT were positive (>14 ng/L) in 44.2% of the patients and the second determination was positive in 50.7% of the cases. The variation between the first and the second troponin levels was 1 (0-5) ng/L, and was >7 ng/L in 24.6% of the cases, with a clear trend toward higher troponin values in reentrant tachycardias. Four events were reported at 30 days; in all the cases the patients had presented atrial fibrillation and there were no significant differences in hs-cTnT values. CONCLUSIONS: There are a significant number of patients with supraventricular tachyarrhythmias who present elevated hs-cTnT levels. The association of this elevation with cardiovascular events seems to be very low.


Assuntos
Taquicardia Supraventricular/sangue , Troponina/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
17.
Cardiol J ; 23(1): 78-83, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26412605

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the value of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-cTn) for identifying high-risk patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred and eighty-seven patients admitted with acute heart failure (HF) (without myocardial infarction) were consecutively included; hs-cTn was measured at admission; the relation between elevated hs-cTn and the clinical outcome during hospitalization and at 90 days was analyzed; 93% (n = 174) had hs-cTn above the maximal normal value (14 ng/L); median hs-cTn was 42 ng/L (IQR 24-81). Patients with ejection fraction (EF) ≤ 45% had higher hs-cTn values (p = 0.0004). Patients with low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS) or shock had higher troponin levels compared with those with less severe clinical presentations (p = 0.004). Patients who required inotropic presented higher troponin values (p = 0.002), troponin values were also higher in those requiring complex therapies (intra-aortic balloon pump, mechanical ventilation or hemodialysis, p = 0.002). At 90-day follow-up, 28 (15.5%) patients died and 27 rehospitalizations occurred (55 events). The risk of events was greater in patients with hs-cTn > 42 ng/L (0.021), low blood pressure at admission (p = 0.002), LCOS or shock (p < 0.0001), EF ≤ 45% (p = 0.005) and inotropic use (p < 0.0001). In multivariate analysis, only inotropic agents requirements was associated independently with a high risk of death or rehospitalizations at 90 days (p = 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: Elevation of hs-cTn is a finding almost constant in patients with decompensated HF. In subjects with higher troponin levels ventricular dysfunction is frequent. The use of hs-cTn for risk stratification at admission helps to identify populations with poor outcome during hospitalization and increased risk of death or rehospitalizations during follow-up who will require rapid implementation of aggressive treatment.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Troponina/sangue , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Argentina/epidemiologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Hospitalização , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Regulação para Cima
19.
Medicina (B Aires) ; 75(4): 207-12, 2015.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26339874

RESUMO

Greater antithrombotic potency new antiplatelet agents have been added such as prasugrel (PR) and ticagrelor to the traditional use of clopidogrel (CL) in the treatment of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). This study was aimed at comparing the incidence of long term ischemic and hemorrhagic events in patients treated with CL or PR during hospitalization. Retrospective ACS data base analysis performed by our cardiology service was completed prospectively. There were consecutively included all patients with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) during hospitalization due to ACS from December 2011 thru December 2012. A total of 398 ACS patients who underwent PCI with stent implantation were recruited. No differences in cardiovascular related deaths were observed in both groups (PR 2.9% vs. CL 2.5%, p=0.48). PR group showed less re-infraction (1.9% vs. 6.8%, p=0.01) with more total bleedings (18.5% vs. 8.5%, p=0.001) and minor bleedings (12.4% vs. 3.4%, p<0.001) with no differences in major and life threatening bleedings (p=ns). Multivariate analysis showed that independent predictors of cardiovascular mortality were age (OR 1.08, CI 95% 1.02-1.16) and renal failure (OR 6.98, CI 95% 1.23-39.71). Independent predictors for total bleeding were age (OR 1.06, CI 95% 1.02-1.09),ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (OR 1.99, CI 95% 1.05-3.79), renal failure (OR 3.32, CI 95% 1.62-6.78) and prasugrel use (OR 3.97, CI 95% 1.87-8.41). Use of prasugrel, in the ACS that requires PCI with stent, is associated with a lower myocardial infarction a year after follow-up, and it also leads to an increase of milder hemorrhage. No significant differences were observed in the cardiovascular mortality of both groups.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Angioplastia/métodos , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Cloridrato de Prasugrel/uso terapêutico , Stents , Ticlopidina/análogos & derivados , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/mortalidade , Angioplastia/efeitos adversos , Clopidogrel , Feminino , Hemorragia/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Cloridrato de Prasugrel/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ticlopidina/efeitos adversos , Ticlopidina/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 75(4): 207-212, Aug. 2015. graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-841496

RESUMO

Al uso del clopidogrel se han agregado nuevos antiagregantes como prasugrel y ticagrelor. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar la incidencia de eventos isquémicos y hemorrágicos en pacientes que han recibido clopidogrel o prasugrel.Se incluyeron de manera consecutiva todos los pacientes con angioplastia durante la internación por síndrome coronario agudo entre diciembre 2011 y diciembre 2012.Fueron incluidos 398 pacientes. No se observaron diferencias en la mortalidad de causa cardiovascular (clopidogrel 2.5% vs. prasugrel 2.9%, p = 0.48). El grupo prasugrel presentó una reducción en la tasa de infarto (1.9% vs. 6.8%, p = 0.01) con sangrado totales (18.5% vs. 8.5%, p = 0.001) a expensas de sangrados menores (12.4% vs. 3.4%, p < 0.001), sin diferencia en sangrados mayores (p = 0.27) y sangrados con peligro de vida (p =.0.20). Por análisis multivariado los predictores independientes de mortalidad cardiovascular fueron edad (odds ratio 1.08, intervalo de confianza, IC, 95% 1.02-1.16, p = 0.02) insuficiencia renal (odds ratio 6.98, IC 95% 1.23-39.71, p < 0.0001). En cuanto al sangrado total se identificaron la edad (odds ratio 1.06, IC 95% 1.02-1.09, p = 0.002), elevación del segmento ST (odds ratio 1.99, IC 95% 1.05-3.79, p = 0.02), insuficiencia renal (odds ratio 3.32, IC 95% 1.62-6.78, p = 0.002) y utilización de prasugrel (odds ratio 3.97, IC 95% 1.87-8.41, p < 0.0001). La utilización de prasugrel se asocia a una menor tasa de infarto agudo de miocardio al año de seguimiento, con incremento de hemorragias menores. No se observaron diferencias significativas en la mortalidad cardiovascular entre ambos grupos.


Greater antithrombotic potency new antiplatelet agents have been added such as prasugrel (PR) and ticagrelor to the traditional use of clopidogrel (CL) in the treatment of acute coronary syndrome (ACS). This study was aimed at comparing the incidence of long term ischemic and hemorrhagic events in patients treated with CL or PR during hospitalization. Retrospective ACS data base analysis performed by our cardiology service was completed prospectively. There were consecutively included all patients with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) during hospitalization due to ACS from December 2011 thru December 2012. A total of 398 ACS patients who underwent PCI with stent implantation were recruited. No differences in cardiovascular related deaths were observed in both groups (PR 2.9% vs. CL 2.5%, p = 0.48). PR group showed less re-infraction (1.9% vs. 6.8%, p = 0.01) with more total bleedings (18.5% vs. 8.5%, p = 0.001) and minor bleedings (12.4% vs. 3.4%, p < 0.001) with no differences in major and life threatening bleedings (p = ns). Multivariate analysis showed that independent predictors of cardiovascular mortality were age (OR 1.08, CI 95% 1.02-1.16) and renal failure (OR 6.98, CI 95% 1.23-39.71). Independent predictors for total bleeding were age (OR 1.06, CI 95% 1.02-1.09),ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (OR 1.99, CI 95% 1.05-3.79), renal failure (OR 3.32, CI 95% 1.62-6.78) and prasugrel use (OR 3.97, CI 95% 1.87-8.41). Use of prasugrel, in the ACS that requires PCI with stent, is associated with a lower myocardial infarction a year after follow-up, and it also leads to an increase of milder hemorrhage. No significant differences were observed in the cardiovascular mortality of both groups.

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