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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(17)2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34502190

RESUMO

Inductors of myogenic stem cell differentiation attract attention, as they can be used to treat myodystrophies and post-traumatic injuries. Functionalization of fullerenes makes it possible to obtain water-soluble derivatives with targeted biochemical activity. This study examined the effects of the phosphonate C60 fullerene derivatives on the expression of myogenic transcription factors and myogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Uptake of the phosphonate C60 fullerene derivatives in human MSCs, intracellular ROS visualization, superoxide scavenging potential, and the expression of myogenic, adipogenic, and osteogenic differentiation genes were studied. The prolonged MSC incubation (within 7-14 days) with the C60 pentaphoshonate potassium salt promoted their differentiation towards the myogenic lineage. The transcription factors and gene expressions determining myogenic differentiation (MYOD1, MYOG, MYF5, and MRF4) increased, while the expression of osteogenic differentiation factors (BMP2, BMP4, RUNX2, SPP1, and OCN) and adipogenic differentiation factors (CEBPB, LPL, and AP2 (FABP4)) was reduced or did not change. The stimulation of autophagy may be one of the factors contributing to the increased expression of myogenic differentiation genes in MSCs. Autophagy may be caused by intracellular alkalosis and/or short-term intracellular oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Fulerenos/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Desenvolvimento Muscular , Autofagia , Diferenciação Celular , Células Cultivadas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/fisiologia , Proteína MyoD/genética , Fator Regulador Miogênico 5/genética , Miogenina/genética , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
2.
ChemSusChem ; 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519424

RESUMO

Although organic solar cells have started to demonstrate competitive power conversion efficiencies of >18 %, their operational lifetimes remain insufficient for wide practical use and the factors influencing the photostability of absorber materials and completed devices are still not completely understood. A systematic study of two series of structurally similar [XTBT]n and [XTTBTBTT]n polymers (16 structures in total) reveals the building blocks that enable the highest material stability towards photooxidation: fluorene, silafluorene, carbazole, diketopyrrolopyrrole, and isoindigo. Furthermore, a direct correlation is evident between the electronic properties of the conjugated polymers and their reactivity towards oxygen. The structures with the lowest highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) energies show the highest electrochemical oxidation potentials and appear to be the most resistant towards chemical oxidation. These relationships set important guidelines for the further rational design of new absorber materials for efficient and stable organic photovoltaics.

3.
Org Lett ; 23(18): 7226-7230, 2021 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468156

RESUMO

Here we report a reaction of the fullerene derivatives C60Ar5Cl, which enables the substitution of Cl with thiophene residues and the formation of the novel family of C1-symmetrical C60 fullerene derivatives with six functional addends C60Ar5Th. The discovered reaction provided a straightforward approach to the synthesis of previously inaccessible multifunctional water-soluble fullerene derivatives, including the compounds with antiviral activity against human immunodeficiency and influenza viruses.

4.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 12(18): 4362-4367, 2021 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33938752

RESUMO

Regardless of the impressive photovoltaic performances demonstrated for lead halide perovskite solar cells, their practical implementation is severely impeded by the low device stability. Complex lead halides are sensitive to both light and heat, which are unavoidable under realistic solar cell operational conditions. Suppressing these intrinsic degradation pathways requires a thorough understanding of their mechanistic aspects. Herein, we explored the temperature effects in the light-induced decomposition of MAPbI3 and PbI2 thin films under anoxic conditions. The analysis of the aging kinetics revealed that MAPbI3 photolysis and PbI2 photolysis have quite high effective activation energies of ∼85 and ∼106 kJ mol-1, respectively, so decreasing the temperature from 55 to 30 °C can extend the perovskite lifetime by factors of >10-100. These findings suggest that controlling the temperature of the perovskite solar panels might allow the long operational lifetimes (>20 years) required for the practical implementation of this promising technology.

5.
Comput Struct Biotechnol J ; 19: 812-825, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33598097

RESUMO

Water-soluble fullerene derivatives are actively investigated as potential drugs for cancer treatment due to their favorable membranotropic properties. Herein, cytotoxic effects of twenty fullerene derivatives with different solubilizing addends were evaluated in three different types of non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). The potential structural descriptors of the solubilizing addends related to the inhibitory activities on each type of lung cancer cell were investigated by the quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) approach. The determination coefficient r2 for the recommended QSAR model were 0.9325, 0.8404, and 0.9011 for A549, H460, and H1299 cell lines, respectively. The results revealed that the chemical features of the fullerene-based compounds including aromatic bonds, sulfur-containing aromatic rings, and oxygen atoms are favored properties and promote the inhibitory effects on H460 and H1299 cells. Particularly, thiophene moiety is the key functional group, which was positively correlated with strong inhibitory effects on the three types of lung cancer cells. The useful information obtained from our regression models may lead to the design of more efficient inhibitors of the three types of NSCLC.

6.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(24): 2986-2989, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33634297

RESUMO

Herein, we report the synthesis and investigation of a novel phenazine derivative M1 with oligomeric ethylene glycol ether substituents as a promising anolyte material for non-aqueous organic redox flow batteries (RFBs). The designed material undergoes a reversible and stable reduction at -1.72 V vs. Ag/AgNO3 and demonstrates excellent (>2.5 M) solubility in MeCN. A non-aqueous organic redox flow battery assembled using the novel phenazine derivative as an anolyte and a substituted triarylamine derivative as a catholyte exhibited high specific capacity (∼93% from the theoretical value), >95% Coulombic efficiency, 65% utilization of active materials and good charge-discharge cycling stability.

7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(4): 5184-5194, 2021 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33474932

RESUMO

All-inorganic lead halide perovskites, for example, CsPbI3, are becoming more attractive for applications as light absorbers in perovskite solar cells because of higher thermal and photochemical stability as compared to their hybrid analogues. However, a specific drawback of the CsPbI3 absorber consists of the rapid phase transition from black to yellow nonphotoactive phase at low temperatures (e.g., <100 °C), which is accelerated under exposure to light. Herein, an experimental screening of an unprecedently large series (>30) of metal cations in a wide range of concentration has allowed us to establish a set of Pb2+ substitutes, facilitating the crystallization of the photoactive black CsPbI3 phase at low temperatures. Importantly, the appropriate Pb2+ substitution with Ca2+, Sr2+, Ce3+, Nd3+, Gd3+, Tb3+, Dy2+, Er3+, Yb2+, Lu3+, and Pt2+ cations has led to a spectacular enhancement of the film stability under realistic solar cell operation conditions (∼1 sun equivalent light exposure, 50 °C). Optoelectronic, structural, and morphological effects of partial Pb2+ substitution were investigated, providing a deeper insight into the processes underlying the stabilization of the CsPbI3 films. Several CsPb1-xMxI∼3 systems were evaluated as absorber materials in perovskite solar cells, demonstrating encouraging light power conversion efficiency of 11.4% in preliminary experiments. The obtained results feature the potential of designing efficient and stable all-inorganic perovskite solar cells using novel absorber materials rationally designed via compositional engineering.

8.
Org Biomol Chem ; 18(42): 8702-8708, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33084716

RESUMO

Here we report the Friedel-Crafts arylation of chlorofullerenes C60Cl6 and C70Cl8 with thiophene-based methyl esters. While C60Cl6 formed expected Cs-C60R5Cl products, C70Cl8 demonstrated a tendency for both substitution of chlorine atoms and addition of an extra thiophene unit, thus forming Cs-C70R8 and C1-C70R9H compounds. The synthesized water-soluble C60 and C70 fullerene derivatives with thiophene-based addends demonstrated high activity against a broad range of viruses, including human immunodeficiency virus, influenza virus, cytomegalovirus, and herpes simplex virus. The record activity of C70 fullerene derivatives against herpes simplex virus together with low toxicity in mice makes them promising candidates for the development of novel non-nucleoside antiherpetic drugs.

9.
Macromol Rapid Commun ; 41(22): e2000430, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32989818

RESUMO

Conjugated polymers represent a promising family of semiconductor materials for thin-film organic solar cells (OSCs). An efficient approach to improve the photovoltaic performance of conjugated polymers is engineering the side chains attached to the polymer backbone. This work reports the impact of different alkyl substituents on the optoelectronic properties, charge carrier mobilities, thin film morphology, and photovoltaic performance of novel (X-DADAD)n conjugated polymers incorporating benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene moieties. It has been shown that loading conjugated polymers with appropriate alkyl side chains results in a spectacular performance improvement from 6.8% to 9% in OCSs using a model fullerene acceptor [6,6]-phenyl-C71 -butyric acid methyl ester. The obtained results feature side-chain engineering as a facile and efficient strategy for designing high-performance conjugated polymers for organic photovoltaics.


Assuntos
Fulerenos , Energia Solar , Estrutura Molecular , Polímeros
10.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(70): 10203-10206, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32748905

RESUMO

Here we report a straightforward method for the synthesis of a water-soluble C60 fullerene derivative decorated with five residues of phosphonic acid. Self-assembly of the synthesized compound in aqueous solution leads to the formation of nanostructures with unprecedented myogenic and antiviral activity.


Assuntos
Antivirais/química , Antivirais/farmacologia , Fulerenos/química , Fulerenos/farmacologia , Desenvolvimento Muscular/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanoestruturas/química , Água/química , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Solubilidade
11.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(64): 9162-9165, 2020 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32657295

RESUMO

Four novel halobismuthate(iii) complexes with alkyl viologen cations: (R2Viol)2[Bi2X10] (R = n-butyl, n-pentyl, X = Cl, Br) have been synthesized. Both chloride complexes revealed photochromic behavior and were successfully utilized for the fabrication of OFET-based memory devices with high switching coefficients and good write-read-erase cycling stability.

12.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 10(7)2020 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32707664

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Functionalized fullerenes (FF) can be considered regulators of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) homeostasis; their direct oxidative damage-as well as regulation of oxidant enzymes and signaling pathways-should be considered. METHODS: Uptake of two water-soluble functionalized C70 fullerenes with different types of aromatic addends (ethylphenylmalonate and thienylacetate) in human fetal lung fibroblasts, intracellular ROS visualization, superoxide scavenging potential, NOX4 expression, NRF2 expression, oxidative DNA damage, repair genes, cell proliferation and cell cycle were studied. RESULTS & CONCLUSION: The intracellular effects of ethylphenylmalonate C70 derivative (FF1) can be explained in terms of upregulated NOX4 activity. The intracellular effects of thienylacetate C70 derivative (FF2) can be probably resulted from its superoxide scavenging potential and inhibition of lipid peroxidation. FF1 can be considered a NOX4 upregulator and potential cytotoxicant and FF2, as a superoxide scavenger and a potential cytoprotector.

13.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 11(16): 6772-6778, 2020 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32689804

RESUMO

Hybrid perovskite solar cells attract a great deal of attention due to the feasibility of their low-cost production and their demonstration of impressive power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) exceeding 25%. However, the insufficient intrinsic stability of lead halides under light soaking and thermal stress impedes practical implementation of this technology. Herein, we show that the photothermal aging of a widely used perovskite light absorber such as MAPbI3 can be suppressed significantly by using polyvinylcarbazole (PVC) as a stabilizing agent. By applying a few complementary methods, we reveal that the PVC additive leads to passivation of defects in the absorber material. Introducing an optimal content of PVC into MAPbI3 delivers a PCE of 18.7% in combination with a significantly improved solar cell operational lifetime: devices retained ∼70% of the initial efficiency after light soaking for 1500 h, whereas the control samples without PVC degraded almost completely under the same conditions.

14.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(29): 32987-32993, 2020 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32583660

RESUMO

Photoswitchable organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) with embedded photochromic materials are considered as a promising platform for development of organic optical memory devices. Unfortunately, the operational mechanism of these devices and guidelines for selection of light-sensitive materials are still poorly explored. In the present work, a series of photochromic dihetarylethenes with a cyclopentenone bridge moiety were investigated as a dielectric/semiconductor interlayer in the structure of photoswitchable OFETs. It was shown that the electrical performance and stability of the devices can be tuned by variation of the substituents in the structure of the photochromic material. In particular, it was found that dihetarylethenes with donor substituents demonstrated the best light-induced switching effects (wider memory windows and higher switching coefficients) in the devices. The operation mechanism of the light-triggered memory devices was proposed based on the differential in situ Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy data and regression analysis of the threshold voltage-programming time experimental dependencies. The established relationships will facilitate further rational design of new photochromic materials, thus paving a way to fast and durable organic optical memories and memory transistors (memristors).

15.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 11(14): 5563-5568, 2020 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32564599

RESUMO

Recent studies have shown that charge transport interlayers with low gas permeability can increase the operational lifetime of perovskite solar cells serving as a barrier for migration of volatile decomposition products from the photoactive layer. Herein we present a hybrid hole transport layer (HTL) comprised of p-type polytriarylamine (PTAA) polymer and vanadium(V) oxide (VOx). Devices with PTAA/VOx top HTL reach up to 20% efficiency and demonstrate negligible degradation after 4500 h of light soaking, whereas reference cells using PTAA/MoOx as HTL lose ∼50% of their initial efficiency under the same aging conditions. It was shown that the main origin of the enhanced device stability lies in the higher tolerance of VOx toward MAPbI3 compared to the MoOx interlayer, which tends to facilitate perovskite decomposition. Our results demonstrate that the application of PTAA/VOx hybrid HTL enables long-term operational stability of perovskite solar cells, thus bringing them closer to commercial applications.

16.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 2485-2499, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32368036

RESUMO

Background: Nanotechnology-based strategies in the treatment of cancer have potential advantages because of the favorable delivery of nanoparticles into tumors through porous vasculature. Materials and Methods: In the current study, we synthesized a series of water-soluble fullerene derivatives and observed their anti-tumor effects on human lung carcinoma A549 cell lines. The quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) modeling was employed to investigate the relationship between anticancer effects and descriptors relevant to peculiarities of molecular structures of fullerene derivatives. Results: In the QSAR regression model, the evaluation results revealed that the determination coefficient r2 and leave-one-out cross-validation q2 for the recommended QSAR model were 0.9966 and 0.9246, respectively, indicating the reliability of the results. The molecular modeling showed that the lack of chlorine atom and a lower number of aliphatic single bonds in saturated hydrocarbon chains may be positively correlated with the lung cancer cytotoxicity of fullerene derivatives. Synthesized water-soluble fullerene derivatives have potential functional groups to inhibit the proliferation of lung cancer cells. Conclusion: The guidelines obtained from the QSAR model might strongly facilitate the rational design of potential fullerene-based drug candidates for lung cancer therapy in the future.


Assuntos
Fulerenos/química , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Relação Quantitativa Estrutura-Atividade , Morte Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Solubilidade , Água/química
17.
ChemSusChem ; 13(12): 3137-3146, 2020 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32329561

RESUMO

Various forms of germanium and germanium-containing compounds and materials are actively investigated as energy-intensive alternatives to graphite as the anode of lithium-ion batteries. The most accessible form-germanium dioxide-has the structure of a 3D polymer, which accounts for its rapid destruction during cycling, and requires the development of further approaches to the production of nanomaterials and various composites based on it. For the first time, we propose here the strategy of using 2-carboxyethylgermanium sesquioxide ([O1.5 GeCH2 CH2 CO2 H]n , 2-CEGS), in lieu of GeO2 , as a promising, energy-intensive, and stable new source system for building lithium-ion anodes. Due to the presence of the organic substituent, the formed polymer has a 1D or a 2D space organization, which facilitates the reversible penetration of lithium into its structure. 2-CEGS is common and commercially available, completely safe and non-toxic, insoluble in organic solvents (which is important for battery use) but soluble in water (which is convenient for manufacturing diverse materials from it). This paper reports the preparation of micro- (flower-shaped agglomerates of ≈1 µm thick plates) and nanoformed (needle-shaped nanoparticles of ≈500×(50-80) nm) 2-CEGS using methods commonly available in laboratories and industry such as vacuum and freeze-drying of aqueous solutions of 2-CEGS. Lithium half-cell anodes based on 2-CEGS show a capacity of ≈400 mAh g-1 for microforms and up to ≈700 mAh g-1 for nanoforms, which is almost two times higher than the maximal theoretical capacity of graphite. These anodes are stable during the cycling at various rates. The results of DFT simulations suggest that Li atoms form the stable Li2 O with the oxygen atoms of 2-CEGS, and actual charge-discharge cycles involve deoxygenated GeC3 H5 molecules. Thus, C3 chains loosen the anode structure compared to pure Ge, improving its ability to accommodate Li ions.

18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(16): 19161-19173, 2020 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32233360

RESUMO

We investigated the impact of a series of hole transport layer (HTL) materials such as Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS), NiOx, poly[bis(4-phenyl)(2,4,6-trimethylphenyl)amine (PTAA), and polytriarylamine (PTA) on photostability of thin films and solar cells based on MAPbI3, Cs0.15FA0.85PbI3, Cs0.1MA0.15FA0.75PbI3, Cs0.1MA0.15FA0.75Pb(Br0.15I0.85)3, and Cs0.15FA0.85Pb(Br0.15I0.85)3 complex lead halides. Mixed halide perovskites showed reduced photostability in comparison with similar iodide-only compositions. In particular, we observed light-induced recrystallization of all perovskite films except MAPbI3 with the strongest effects revealed for Br-containing systems. Moreover, halide and ß FAPbI3 phase segregations were also observed mostly in mixed-halide systems. Interestingly, coating perovskite films with the PCBM layer spectacularly suppressed light-induced growth of crystalline domains as well as segregation of Br-rich and I-rich phases or ß FAPbI3. We strongly believe that all three effects are promoted by the light-induced formation of surface defects, which are healed by adjacent PCBM coating. While comparing different hole-transport materials, we found that NiOx and PEDOT:PSS are the least suitable HTLs because of their interfacial (photo)chemical interactions with perovskite absorbers. On the contrary, polyarylamine-type HTLs PTA and PTAA form rather stable interfaces, which makes them the best candidates for durable p-i-n perovskite solar cells. Indeed, multilayered ITO/PTA(A)/MAPbI3/PCBM stacks revealed no aging effects within 1000 h of continuous light soaking and delivered stable and high power conversion efficiencies in solar cells. The obtained results suggest that using polyarylamine-type HTLs and simple single-phase perovskite compositions pave a way for designing stable and efficient perovskite solar cells.

19.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 11(7): 2630-2636, 2020 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32178515

RESUMO

In this work, we report a comparative study of the gamma ray stability of perovskite solar cells based on a series of perovskite absorbers including MAPbI3 (MA = methylammonium), MAPbBr3, Cs0.15FA0.85PbI3 (FA = formamidinim), Cs0.1MA0.15FA0.75PbI3, CsPbI3, and CsPbBr3. We reveal that the composition of the perovskite material strongly affects the radiation stability of the solar cells. In particular, solar cells based on the MAPbI3 were found to be the most resistant to gamma rays since this perovskite undergoes rapid self-healing due to the special gas-phase chemistry analyzed with ab initio calculations. The fact that the solar cells based on MAPbI3 can withstand a 1000 kRad gamma ray dose without any noticeable degradation of the photovoltaic properties is particularly exciting and shifts the paradigm of research in this field toward designing more dynamic rather than intrinsically robust (e.g., inorganic) materials.

20.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(10): 1541-1544, 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31922170

RESUMO

We report the application of a Ni-based coordination polymer derived from 1,2,4,5-tetraaminobenzene (P1) as a fast and stable potassium battery anode. In a voltage range of 0.5-2.0 V vs. K+/K, a reversible capacity of 220 mA h g-1 was obtained at 0.1 A g-1. Even with a relatively high electrode loading of 5.0 mg cm-2 and only 10 wt% carbon additive, 118 mA h g-1 was still retained at 1 A g-1. For thinner electrodes with 30 wt% carbon, a capacity of up to 104 mA h g-1 was observed at 10 A g-1 (charging in ∼40 seconds). An areal capacity of up to 2.73 mA h cm-2 was demonstrated. The capacity fade at 1 A g-1 was only 4.4% after 200 cycles. Structure transformations of P1 during charge/discharge were studied using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and in situ X-ray diffraction.

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