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Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957087


INTRODUCTION: Ablation with second-generation cryoballoon technology evolves as an effective and safe alternative to radiofrequency for atrial fibrillation ablation procedures. Nevertheless, the optimal freezing strategy remains unknown. Our objective was to identify the procedural cryoablation parameters predicting successful peri-pulmonary vein (PV) lesions by directly analyzing Postablation gaps in late-gadolinium-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (LGE-CMR). METHODS AND RESULTS: Forty-nine consecutive patients (196 PVs) undergoing ablation with second-generation cryoballoon at our center were included. The number and duration of cryoballoon application to achieve PV isolation were left to operator discretion. Gap number and length were quantified in all patients with a LGE-CMR performed 3 months postablation. Application time (420 ± 217 seconds), number of applications (2.1 ± 1.2), application time after electrical isolation (311 ± 194 seconds) and minimum temperature (-45.8 ± 6.5°C) were similar in the 4 PVs. Gaps were observed in 148 PVs (76%), averaging 1.3 ± 1 gaps per vein. Gaps were longer and more frequent in the right PVs (91% vs 59% in left PVs, P < .001). Neither the number, total duration of applications, nor postisolation application time predicted relative length or number of gaps. CONCLUSIONS: After successful PV isolation was achieved in patients undergoing cryoablation, increasing the number of applications, the total application time or application time postisolation did not result in a reduction in the number or the relative length of gaps.

Europace ; 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31821484


AIMS: Cryoballoon (CB) ablation has emerged as a reliable modality to isolate pulmonary veins (PVs) in atrial fibrillation. Ablation lesions and the long-term effects of energy delivery can be assessed by delayed-enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance (DE-CMR). The aim of the study was to compare the number, extension, and localization of gaps in CB and radiofrequency (RF) techniques in pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive patients submitted to PVI with CB in whom DE-CMR images were available (n = 30) were matched (1:1) to patients who underwent PVI with RF (n = 30), considering age, sex, hypertension, and diabetes. Delayed-enhancement cardiac magnetic resonance was obtained at 3 months post-procedure, and images were processed to assess the mean number of gaps around PV ostia, their localization, and the normalized gap length (NGL), calculated as the difference between total gap length and total PV perimeter. Patients were followed up for 12 months. The CB and RF procedures did not differ in the mean number of gaps per patient (4.40 vs. 5.13 gaps, respectively; P = 0.21) nor NGL (0.35 vs. 0.32, P = 0.59). For both techniques, a higher mean number of gaps were detected in right vs. left PVs (3.18 vs. 1.58, respectively; P = 0.01). The incidence of recurrences did not differ between techniques (odds ratio 1.87, 95% confidence interval 0.66-4.97; P = 0.29). CONCLUSION: Location and extension of ablation gaps in PVI did not differ between CB and RF groups in DE-CMR image analysis.

Heart Rhythm ; 16(12): 1849-1854, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31125672


BACKGROUND: The Micra transcatheter pacing system (Micra TPS) is often implanted in patients with atrial fibrillation and thus with increased thromboembolic risk. It is unknown whether the use of anticoagulants, associated with the use of a large venous introducer, implies an increased risk of bleeding in this group of patients. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence of bleeding and thromboembolic complications after Micra TPS implantation with and without therapeutic anticoagulation. METHODS: This single-center observational study included 107 consecutive patients receiving the Micra TPS from 2014 to 2018. At procedure completion, a figure-of-eight suture was placed at the femoral puncture site after sheath withdrawal and was maintained for 24 hours. In patients receiving enoxaparin or new oral anticoagulants, treatment was discontinued 12 or 24 hours before the procedure, respectively, and was reinitiated 4-6 hours postprocedure. In those receiving vitamin K antagonists (VKAs), dosing was not discontinued and the procedure was performed if the international normalized ratio was less than 3. RESULTS: Sixty-four patients (60%) did not receive anticoagulants. Of the 43 (40%) who did, 29 (67%) received VKAs, 8 (19%) received new oral anticoagulants, and 6 (14%) received enoxaparin. Two patients presented hemorrhagic or thromboembolic complications during short-term follow-up: 1 woman receiving VKAs presented hemorrhagic pericardial effusion without tamponade and 1 woman not receiving anticoagulants presented thrombosis of the ipsilateral saphenous vein. CONCLUSION: Bleeding and thromboembolic complications after receiving Micra TPSs are infrequent. The use of anticoagulant therapy, regardless of the type, does not increase the complications associated with the procedure.

Indian Pacing Electrophysiol J ; 19(4): 140-144, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30794927


AIMS: Riata® implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) leads from St. Jude Medical are prone to malfunction. This study aimed to describe the rate of this lead's malfunction in a very long-term follow-up. METHODS: This single-centre observational study included 50 patients who received a Riata 7Fr dual-coil lead between 2003 and 2008. Follow-up was conducted both in person and remotely, and analysed at 8-month intervals. We evaluated the rates of cable externalization (CE), electrical failure (EF), and the interaction of these two complications. Structural lead failure was defined as radiographic CE. Oversensing of non-cardiac signal or sudden changes in impedance, sensing, or pacing thresholds constituted EF. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 10.2 ±â€¯2.9 years, 16 patients (32%) died. We observed lead malfunction in 13 patients (26%): three (23%) due to CE, six (46%) to EF and four (31%) to both complications. Of the malfunctioning leads, 77% failed after seven years of follow-up. The incidence rate (IR) of overall malfunction per 100 patients per year was 0.9 during the first seven years post-implantation, increased to 7.0 after the 7th year and more than doubled (to 16.7) after 10 years. Beyond seven years post-implantation, IR per 100 patient-years increased in both EF and CE (from 0.6 to 5.6 vs. 0.3 to 4.2, respectively). Presence of CE was associated with a 4-fold increase in the proportion of EF. CONCLUSION: The incidence of Riata ICD lead malfunction, both for EF and CE, increased dramatically after seven years and then more than doubled after 10 years post-implantation.