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1.
Science ; 367(6482): 1135-1140, 2020 03 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32139544

RESUMO

Stacking solar cells with decreasing band gaps to form tandems presents the possibility of overcoming the single-junction Shockley-Queisser limit in photovoltaics. The rapid development of solution-processed perovskites has brought perovskite single-junction efficiencies >20%. However, this process has yet to enable monolithic integration with industry-relevant textured crystalline silicon solar cells. We report tandems that combine solution-processed micrometer-thick perovskite top cells with fully textured silicon heterojunction bottom cells. To overcome the charge-collection challenges in micrometer-thick perovskites, we enhanced threefold the depletion width at the bases of silicon pyramids. Moreover, by anchoring a self-limiting passivant (1-butanethiol) on the perovskite surfaces, we enhanced the diffusion length and further suppressed phase segregation. These combined enhancements enabled an independently certified power conversion efficiency of 25.7% for perovskite-silicon tandem solar cells. These devices exhibited negligible performance loss after a 400-hour thermal stability test at 85°C and also after 400 hours under maximum power point tracking at 40°C.

2.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 20(46): 29567, 2018 11 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30451269

RESUMO

Correction for 'Polymeric hole-transport materials with side-chain redox-active groups for perovskite solar cells with good reproducibility' by Rosinda Fuentes Pineda et al., Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, 20, 25738-25745.

3.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 20(40): 25738-25745, 2018 10 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30281047

RESUMO

Two monomers, M:OO and M:ON, and their corresponding polymers, P:OO and P:ON, were prepared from styrene derivatives N,N-diphenyl-4-vinyl-aniline with different substituents (-OCH3 and -N(CH3)2) in the N-phenyl para positions. The polymers were synthesised and fully characterised to study their function as hole transport materials (HTMs) in perovskite solar cells (PSCs). The thermal, optical and electrochemical properties and performance of these monomers and polymers as HTMs in PSCs were compared in terms of their structure. The polymers form more stable amorphous glassy states and showed higher thermal stability than the monomers. The different substituent in the para position influenced the highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) level, altering the oxidation potential. Both monomers and polymers were employed as HTMs in perovskite solar cells with a device configuration FTO/bl-TiO2/mp-TiO2/CH3NH3PbI3/HTM/Au resulting in power conversion efficiencies of 7.48% for M:OO, 5.14% for P:OO, 5.28% for P:ON and 3.52% for M:ON. Although showing comparatively low efficiencies, the polymers showed much superior reproducibility in comparison with Spiro-OMeTAD or the monomers, suggesting further optimisation of polymeric HTMs with redox side groups is warranted.

4.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 20(2): 1252-1260, 2018 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29250614

RESUMO

A new series of diacetylide-triphenylamine (DATPA) derivatives with five different alkyl chains in the para position, MeO, EtO, nPrO, iPrO and BuO, were synthesised, fully characterised and their function as hole-transport materials in perovskite solar cells (PSC) studied. Their thermal, optical and electrochemical properties were investigated along with their molecular packing and charge transport properties to analyse the influence of different alkyl chains in the solar cell parameters. The shorter alkyl chain facilitates more compact packing structures which enhanced the hole mobilities and reduced recombination. This work suggests that the molecule with the methoxy substituent (MeO) exhibits the best semiconductive properties with a power conversion efficiency of up to 5.63%, an open circuit voltage (Voc) of 0.83 V, a photocurrent density (Jsc) of 10.84 mA cm-2 and a fill factor of 62.3% in perovskite solar cells. Upon replacing the methoxy group with longer alkyl chain substituents without changing the energy levels, there is a decrease in the charge mobility as well as PCE (e.g. 3.29% for BuO-DATPA). The alkyl chain length of semiconductive molecules plays an important role in achieving high performance perovskite solar cells.

5.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 6(1): 129-38, 2015 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26263101

RESUMO

Efficient, neutral-colored semitransparent solar cells are of commercial interest for incorporation into the windows and surfaces of buildings and automobiles. Here, we report on semitransparent perovskite solar cells that are both efficient and neutral-colored, even in full working devices. Using the microstructured architecture previously developed, we achieve higher efficiencies by replacing methylammonium lead iodide perovskite with formamidinium lead iodide. Current-voltage hysteresis is also much reduced. Furthermore, we apply a novel transparent cathode to the devices, enabling us to fabricate neutral-colored semitransparent full solar cells for the first time. Such devices demonstrate over 5% power conversion efficiency for average visible transparencies of almost 30%, retaining impressive color-neutrality. This makes these devices the best-performing single-junction neutral-colored semitransparent solar cells to date. These microstructured perovskite solar cells are shown to have a significant advantage over silicon solar cells in terms of performance at high incident angles of sunlight, making them ideal for building integration.

6.
Adv Mater ; 26(44): 7499-504, 2014 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25257313

RESUMO

A self-adhesive laminate solar-cell electrode is presented based on a metal grid embedded in a polymer film (x-y conduction) and set in contact with the active layer using a pressure-sensitive adhesive containing a very low quantity (1.8%) of organic conductor, which self-organizes to provide z conduction to the grid. This ITO-free material performs in an identical fashion to evaporated gold in high-efficiency perovskite solar cells.

7.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 49(72): 7893-5, 2013 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23900427

RESUMO

Organolead trihalide perovskite solar cells based upon the co-deposition of a combined Al2O3-perovskite layer at T < 110 °C are presented. We report an average PCE = 7.2% on a non-sintered Al2O3 scaffold in devices that have been manufactured from a perovskite precursor containing 5 wt% Al2O3 nanoparticles.

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