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Methods Mol Biol ; 2206: 39-46, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32754809


During angiogenesis, endothelial cells must undergo a coordinated set of morphological changes in order to form a new vessel. There is a need for endothelial cells to communicate with each other in order to take up different identities in the sprout and to migrate collectively as a connected chord. Endothelial cells must also interact with a wide range of other cells that contribute to vessel formation. In ischemic disease, hypoxic cells in tissue will generate proangiogenic signals that promote and guide angiogenesis. In solid tumors, this function is co-opted by tumor cells, which make a complex range of interactions with endothelial cells, even integrating into the walls of vessels. In vessel repair, cells from the immune system contribute to the promotion and remodeling of new vessels. The coculture angiogenesis assay is a long-term in vitro protocol that uses fibroblasts to secrete and condition an artificial stromal matrix for tubules to grow through. We show here how the assay can be easily adapted to include additional cell types, facilitating the study of cellular interactions during neovascularization.

Pathol Res Pract ; 216(11): 153225, 2020 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32987302


The in vitro 3D model established from murine pluripotential stem cells (i.e., embryoid bodies (EBs)) is a dynamic model for endothelial differentiation. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether digital image analysis (DIA) can be applied on histological sections of EBs in order to quantify endothelial differentiation over time. The EBs were established in suspension cultures for 21 days in three independent replicate experiments. At day 4, 6, 9, 14, 18, and 21, the EBs were fixed in formaldehyde, embedded in paraffin and immunohistochemically (IHC) stained for CD31. The IHC-stained slides were digitally scanned and analysed using the Visiopharm® Quantitative Digital Pathology software Oncotopix™. The EBs developed CD31+ vascular-like structures during their differentiation. The quantitative DIA of the EBs showed that the log10 values of the relative CD31+ areas increased from -0.574 ± 0.470 (mean ± SD) at day 4 to 0.093 ± 0.688 (mean ± SD) at day 21 (p < 0.001). The approach presented in this study is a fast, quantitative and reproducible alternative method for an otherwise time-consuming and observer-dependent histological investigation. The future perspectives for such a system would be implementation of a modified version of the method on different 3D cultures and IHC markers.

Int J Exp Pathol ; 100(1): 12-18, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30884019


The aim of the present study was to characterize a patient-derived in vitro 3D model (ie tumoroid) established from colorectal adenocarcinoma. This study investigated the growth rate of tumoroids and whether the Kirsten rat sarcoma (KRAS) mutations in the parental tumour accelerate this rate. The tumoroids were established from surgical resections of primary and metastatic colorectal adenocarcinoma from 26 patients. The in vitro growth rate of these tumoroids was monitored by automated imaging and recorded as relative growth rate. The KRAS hotspot mutations were investigated on the parental tumours by Ion Torrent™ next-generation sequencing. The KRAS mutations were detected in 58% of the parental tumours, and a significantly higher growth rate was observed for tumoroids established from the KRAS-mutated tumours compared to wild-type tumours (P < 0.0001). The average relative growth rate (log10) on day 10 was 0.360 ± 0.180 (mean ± SD) for the KRAS-mutated group and 0.098 ± 0.135 (mean ± SD) for the KRAS wild-type group. These results showed that the presence of KRAS mutations in parental tumours is associated with an acceleration of the growth rate of tumoroids. The future perspective for such a model could be the implementation of chemoassays for personalized medicine.

Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/secundário , Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Mutação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise Mutacional de DNA/métodos , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Organoides , Fenótipo , Fatores de Tempo , Células Tumorais Cultivadas