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1.
Mol Biol Rep ; 47(6): 4671-4680, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32415506

RESUMO

Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a common disease associated with high mortality and morbidity. The treatment of patients with ICH includes medical and surgical interventions. New areas of surgical intervention have been focused on the evacuation of hematoma through minimally invasive neurosurgery. In contrast, there have been no significant advances in the development of medical interventions for functional recovery after ICH. Stem cells exert multiple therapeutic functions and have emerged as a promising treatment strategy. Herein, we summarized the pathophysiology of ICH and its treatment targets, and we introduced the therapeutic mechanisms of stem cells (e.g. neutrotrophy and neuroregeneration). Moreover, we reviewed and summarized the experimental designs of the preclinical studies, including the types of cells and the timing and routes of stem cell administration. We further listed and reviewed the completed/published and ongoing clinical trials supporting the safety and efficacy of stem cell therapy in ICH. The limitations of translating preclinical studies into clinical trials and the objectives of future studies were discussed. In conclusion, current literatures showed that stem cell therapy is a promising treatment in ICH and further translation research on judiciously selected group of patients is warranted before it can be extensively applied in clinical practice.

2.
Transl Oncol ; 13(1): 102-112, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31810001

RESUMO

Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) has antiinflammatory and antioxidant properties and is deemed as a tissue protector. However, effects of HO-1 in prostate cancer remain in controversy. We evaluated the role of HO-1 in prostate carcinoma in vitro and in vivo. Overexpression of HO-1 did not affect prostate cell proliferation in the normal condition but enhanced cell proliferation under serum starvation. HO-1 overexpression enhanced cell invasion of PC-3 cells through epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) induction, which was supported by increased Slug, N-cadherin, and vimentin expressions. In the xenograft animal study, HO-1 overexpression enhanced PC-3 cell tumor growth in vivo. HO-1 attenuated reactive oxygen species induced by H2O2 or pyocyanin treatment in PC-3 and DU145 cells. HO-1 further reduced PC-3 and DU145 cell apoptosis induced by H2O2 or serum starvation. Our results suggested that HO-1 was able to increase prostate carcinoma cell invasion in vitro and tumor growth in vivo. The EMT induction and antioxidant and antiapoptotic effects of HO-1 in the prostate carcinoma cells may be responsible for these findings.

3.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 15614, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666607

RESUMO

Traumatic cerebral contusion and intracerebral hemorrhages (ICH) commonly result from traumatic brain injury and are associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Current animal models require craniotomy and provide less control over injury severity. This study proposes a highly reproducible and controllable traumatic contusion and ICH model using non-invasive extracorporeal shockwaves (ESWs). Rat heads were exposed to ESWs generated by an off-the-shelf clinical device plus intravenous injection of microbubbles to enhance the cavitation effect for non-invasive induction of injury. Results indicate that injury severity can be effectively adjusted by using different ESW parameters. Moreover, the location or depth of injury can be purposefully determined by changing the focus of the concave ESW probe. Traumatic contusion and ICH were confirmed by H&E staining. Interestingly, the numbers of TUNEL-positive cells (apoptotic cell death) peaked one day after ESW exposure, while Iba1-positive cells (reactive microglia) and GFAP-positive cells (astrogliosis) respectively peaked seven and fourteen days after exposure. Cytokine assay showed significantly increased expressions of IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α. The extent of brain edema was characterized with magnetic resonance imaging. Conclusively, the proposed non-invasive and highly reproducible preclinical model effectively simulates the mechanism of closed head injury and provides focused traumatic contusion and ICH.

4.
Nanotechnology ; 23(26): 265201, 2012 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22700687

RESUMO

The high luminous efficiency and superior uniformity of angular-dependent correlated color temperature (CCT) white light-emitting diodes have been investigated by ZrO2 nano-particles in a remote phosphor structure. By adding ZrO2 nano-particles with silicone onto the surface of the phosphor layer, the capability of light scattering could be enhanced. In particular, the intensity of blue light at large angles was increased and the CCT deviations could be reduced. Besides, the luminous flux was improved due to the ZrO2 nano-particles with silicone providing a suitable refractive index between air and phosphor layers. This novel structure reduces angular-dependent CCT deviations from 1000 to 420 K in the range of -70° to 70°. Moreover, the enhancement of lumen flux was increased by 2.25% at a driving current 120 mA, compared to a conventional remote phosphor structure without ZrO2 nano-particles. Consequently, the ZrO2 nano-particles in a remote phosphor structure could not only improve the uniformity of lighting but also increase the light output.

5.
Nanoscale Res Lett ; 7: 188, 2012 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22424206

RESUMO

We have successfully demonstrated the enhanced luminous flux and lumen efficiency in white light-emitting diodes by the randomly textured phosphor structure. The textured phosphor structure was fabricated by a simple imprinting technique, which does not need an expensive dry-etching machine or a complex patterned definition. The textured phosphor structure increases luminous flux by 5.4% and 2.5% at a driving current of 120 mA, compared with the flat phosphor and half-spherical lens structures, respectively. The increment was due to the scattering of textured surface and also the phosphor particles, leading to the enhancement of utilization efficiency of blue light. Furthermore, the textured phosphor structure has a larger view angle at the full width at half maximum (87°) than the reference LEDs.

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