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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 7(22): 12038-46, 2015 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25984925


The development of Li-O2 battery electrocatalysts has been extensively explored recently. The Co3O4 oxide has attracted much attention because of its bifunctional activity and high abundance. In the present study, toxic Co(2+) has been replaced through the substitution on the tetrahedral spinel A site ions with environmental friendly metals (Mn(2+), Fe(2+), Ni(2+), and Zn(2+)), and porous nanorod structure are formed. Among these spinel MCo2O4 cathodes, the FeCo2O4 surface has the highest Co(3+) ratio. Thus, oxygen can be easily adsorbed onto the active sites. In addition, Fe(2+) in the tetrahedral site can easily release electrons to reduce oxygen and oxidize to half electron filled Fe(3+). The FeCo2O4 cathode exhibits the highest discharging plateau and lowest charging plateau as shown by the charge-discharge profile. Moreover, the porous FeCo2O4 nanorods can also facilitate achieving high capacity and good cycling performance, which are beneficial for O2 diffusion channels and Li2O2 formation/decomposition pathways.

Nanoscale ; 5(24): 12115-9, 2013 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24150659


This study reports the successful synthesis of ternary spinel-based ZnCo2O4 nanoflakes (NFs) with mesoporous architectures via the combination of a urea-assisted hydrothermal reaction with calcination in an air atmosphere. Owing to their favorable mesostructures and desirable bifunctional oxygen reduction and evolution activities, the resulting mesoporous ZnCo2O4 NFs yielded stable cyclability at a cut-off capacity of 500 mA h gcarbon(-1) in the case of aprotic Li-O2 batteries.