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1.
Georgian Med News ; (315): 181-185, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365447

RESUMO

The study aim was to observe the working conditions of individuals working on municipal transport, check the levels of dust and toxicity, and review from the hygienic point of view. The levels of dust and chemical pollutants in the working environment of Tbilisi municipal transport workers were examined. Methods used in hygienic practice were applied to analyze air samples. test in total was conducted to measure the concentration of dust in the air and samples were collected with air analyzers. The toxicity levels in the surrounding environment of the municipal motor vehicle drivers, as well as technicians (welders, electricians, turners, tinsmiths, electric arc welding). It was established that the toxicity of the air in the municipal transports and technical service establishments fluctuates between certain levels. The highest dust levels were found in the working zone of the driver, with dust levels twice accepted levels. Working conditions at this specific zone were identified as 3.1 class. Workplaces in different service stations were also classified in the same group, with dust levels 1.6 times higher than normal. In total 5 workplaces were given level 3.1 classification. Only the workplace of a tinsmith was classified as a level 2 acceptable hazard. The concentration of dust and toxic chemicals in the environment of municipal transport employees is lower than acceptable levels, but long-time exposure to these agents affects the health of individuals and may cause subclinical health effects, even if the disease does not fully manifest. These effects should be taken into consideration when planning regular medical examinations and rejuvenating procedures for the employees.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ocupacionais do Ar , Poluição do Ar , Exposição Ocupacional , Poluentes Ocupacionais do Ar/análise , Poluentes Ocupacionais do Ar/toxicidade , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poeira/análise , Humanos , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Local de Trabalho
2.
Georgian Med News ; (264): 143-147, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28480868

RESUMO

For the purpose of preventive events complex hygienic, clinical-functional, laboratory and biostatic researches are implemented on the basis of Tbilisi Subway. Conditions of work are characterized by complex of unfavorable factors of the working environment and the labor process. Working environment is characterized by combination of unfavorable state of physical factors and air pollution with dust and toxic substances. The levels of noise and vibration refer to the 3.4 class of harmfulness. The content of dust and toxic substances corresponds to 3.1-3.2 classes of working conditions harmfulness. In the indexes of health status, the leading diseases are pathology of cardiovascular, nervous and digestive systems. Cause-effect relationships between working conditions and individual health indicators have been already established, which served as the basis for the development of comprehensive preventive health measures.


Assuntos
Saúde do Trabalhador , Ferrovias , Poluentes Ocupacionais do Ar , Poeira , República da Geórgia , Humanos , Ruído Ocupacional , Ruído dos Transportes , Exposição Ocupacional , Vibração
3.
Georgian Med News ; (220-221): 43-8, 2013.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24013150

RESUMO

The purpose of the study was to evaluate the influence of professional factors on health condition of Tbilisi metro workers. Working conditions were analyzed; paraclinic study was conducted; health status according to age and length of service was investigated. It was found that age and length of service affects the health condition of the worker; cardiovascular and nervous system diseases are the most frequent.


Assuntos
Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Exposição Ocupacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde do Trabalhador , Ferrovias , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Feminino , Seguimentos , República da Geórgia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
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