Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 269
Filtrar
1.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 20, 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34980009

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies have demonstrated that the preoperative Glasgow prognostic score (GPS) and modified GPS (mGPS) reflected the prognosis in patients undergoing curative surgery for colorectal cancer. However, there are no reports on long-term prognosis prediction using high-sensitivity mGPS (HS-GPS) in colorectal cancer. Therefore, this study aimed to calculate the prognostic value of preoperative HS-GPS in patients with colon cancer. METHODS: A cohort of 595 patients with advanced resectable colon cancer managed at our institution was analysed retrospectively. HS-GPS, GPS, and mGPS were evaluated for their ability to predict prognosis based on overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS). RESULTS: In the univariate analysis, HS-GPS was able to predict the prognosis with significant differences in OS but was not superior in assessing RFS. In the multivariate analysis of the HS-GPS model, age, pT, pN, and HS-GPS of 2 compared to HS-GPS of 0 (2 vs 0; hazard ratio [HR], 2.638; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.046-6.650; P = 0.04) were identified as independent prognostic predictors of OS. In the multivariate analysis of the GPS model, GPS 2 vs 0 (HR, 1.444; 95% CI, 1.018-2.048; P = 0.04) and GPS 2 vs 1 (HR, 2.933; 95% CI, 1.209-7.144; P = 0.017), and in that of the mGPS model, mGPS 2 vs 0 (HR, 1.51; 95% CI, 1.066-2.140; P = 0.02) were independent prognostic predictors of OS. In each classification, GPS outperformed HS-GPS in predicting OS with a significant difference in the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. In the multivariate analysis of the GPS model, GPS 2 vs 0 (HR, 1.537; 95% CI, 1.190-1.987; P = 0.002), and in that of the mGPS model, pN, CEA were independent prognostic predictors of RFS. CONCLUSION: HS-GPS is useful for predicting the prognosis of resectable advanced colon cancer. However, GPS may be more useful than HS-GPS as a prognostic model for advanced colon cancer.

2.
Anticancer Res ; 42(1): 459-470, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34969756

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Bone marrow-derived cells regulate the antitumor functions of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) through arginase 1 (ARG1)-dependent metabolism. This study examines which ARG1-producing lineage is responsible for the inhibitory function of TILs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multiplexed immunohistochemistry was performed for CD11b, CD163, CD68, and CD15, together with ARG1 expression and CD3+ TIL infiltration estimation in human colorectal cancer specimens. RESULTS: Stratified survival analyses demonstrated that a large number of CD3+ TILs is a favorable prognostic factor in subgroups with a high level of ARG1+ infiltration and in the subgroup with a low level of ARG1- CD15+ infiltration. Calculation of the ARG1+/ARG1- ratio demonstrated that CD3+ TIL infiltration was prognostic in the subgroup with a low ARG1+/ARG1- ratio for CD15+ cells, contrary to other lineages. CONCLUSION: Tumor infiltrating CD15+ cells, the majority of which show polymorphonuclear features, are responsible for the ARG1-dependent T-cell dysfunction in human colorectal cancer.


Assuntos
Arginase/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Antígenos CD15/genética , Idoso , Antígenos CD/genética , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/genética , Medula Óssea , Células da Medula Óssea/imunologia , Células da Medula Óssea/patologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/imunologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imunidade/genética , Antígenos CD15/imunologia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética
3.
Curr Oncol ; 28(6): 4845-4861, 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34898585

RESUMO

High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a novel advanced therapy for unresectable pancreatic cancer (PC). HIFU therapy with chemotherapy is being promoted as a novel method to control local advancement by tumor ablation. We evaluated the therapeutic effects of HIFU therapy in locally advanced and metastatic PC. PC patients were treated with HIFU as an optional local therapy and systemic chemotherapy. The FEP-BY02 (Yuande Bio-Medical Engineering) HIFU device was used under ultrasound guidance. Of 176 PC patients, 89 cases were Stage III and 87 were Stage IV. The rate of complete tumor ablation was 90.3%, while that of symptom relief was 66.7%. The effectiveness on the primary lesions were as follows: complete response (CR): n = 0, partial response (PR): n = 21, stable disease (SD): n = 106, and progressive disease (PD): n = 49; the primary disease control rate was 72.2%. Eight patients underwent surgery. The median survival time (MST) after diagnosis for HIFU with chemotherapy compared to chemotherapy alone (100 patients in our hospital) was 648 vs. 288 days (p < 0.001). Compared with chemotherapy alone, the combination of HIFU therapy and chemotherapy demonstrated significant prolongation of prognosis. This study suggests that HIFU therapy has the potential to be a novel combination therapy for unresectable PC.

4.
Ann Surg ; 2021 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34913900

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety and survival benefits of portal vein and/or superior mesenteric vein (PV/SMV) resection with jejunal vein resection (JVR) for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Few studies have shown the surgical outcome and survival of pancreatic resection with JVR, and treatment strategies for patients with PDAC suspected of jejunal vein (JV) infiltration remain unclear. METHODS: In total, 1260 patients who underwent pancreatectomy with PV/SMV resection between 2013 and 2016 at 50 facilities were included; treatment outcomes were compared between the PV/SMV group (PV/SMV resection without JVR; n = 824), PV/SMV-J1 V group (PV/SMV resection with first jejunal vein resection; n = 394), and PV/SMV-J2,3 V group (PV/SMV resection with second jejunal vein or later branch resection; n = 42). RESULTS: Postoperative complications and mortality did not differ between the three groups. The postoperative complication rate associated with PV/SMV reconstruction was 11.9% in PV/SMV group, 8.6% in PV/SMV-J1 V group, and 7.1% in PV/SMV-J2,3 V group; there were no significant differences among the three groups. Overall survival did not differ between PV/SMV and PV/SMV-J1 V groups (median survival; 29.2 months vs. 30.9 months. p = 0.60). Although PV/SMV-J2,3 V group had significantly shorter survival than PV/SMV group who underwent upfront surgery (p = 0.05), no significant differences in overall survival of patients who received preoperative therapy. Multivariate survival analysis revealed that adjuvant therapy and R0 resection were independent prognostic factors in all groups. CONCLUSIONS: PV/SMV resection with JVR can be safely performed and may provide satisfactory overall survival with the pre-and postoperative adjuvant therapy.

5.
Am Surg ; : 31348211056281, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34797185

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Remnant gastric cancer (RGC) encompasses all cancers arising from the remnant stomach. Various studies have reported on RGC and its prognosis, but no consensus on its surgical treatment and postoperative management has been reached. Moreover, the correlation between the clinicopathological characteristics and long-term outcomes of RGC remains unclear. This study investigated the clinicopathological factors associated with the long-term survival of RGC patients. METHODS: The medical records (March 1993-September 2020) of 104 RGC patients from Tokyo Medical University Hospital database were analyzed. Of these 104 patients, the medical records of 63 patients who underwent surgical curative resection were analyzed using R. Kaplan-Meier plots of cumulative incidence of RGC were made. Differences in survival rates were compared using the log-rank test. Prognostic factors were analyzed using multivariate Cox regression analysis (P < .05). RESULTS: Of the 104 RGC patients, 63 underwent total remnant stomach excision. The median time from the first surgery to the total excision was 10 years. The 5-year survival rate of the 63 RGC patients was .55 ((95% CI); .417-.671). The clinicopathological factors that were significantly associated with the long-term outcome of the RGC patients were tumor diameter (≥3.5 cm), presence or absence of combined resection of multiple organs, tumor invasion (deeper than T2), TNM stage, and postoperative morbidity. The multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that tumor invasion depth was the only independent prognostic factor for RGC patients [HR (95% CI): 5.49 (2.629-11.5), P ≤ .005]. CONCLUSIONS: Among prognostic factors, tumor invasion depth was the only independent factor affecting RGC's long-term outcome.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34783176

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The anatomical structure around the pancreatic head is very complex and it is important to understand its precise anatomy and corresponding anatomical approach to safely perform minimally invasive pancreatoduodenectomy (MIPD). This consensus statement aimed to develop recommendations for elucidating the anatomy and surgical approaches to MIPD. METHODS: Studies identified via a comprehensive literature search were classified using the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network method. Delphi voting was conducted after experts had drafted recommendations, with a goal of obtaining >75% consensus. Experts discussed the revised recommendations with the validation committee and an international audience of 384 attendees. Finalized recommendations were made after a second round of online Delphi voting. RESULTS: Three clinical questions were addressed, providing six recommendations. All recommendations reached at least a consensus of 75%. Preoperatively evaluating the presence of anatomical variations and superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and superior mesenteric vein (SMV) branching patterns was recommended. Moreover, it was recommended to fully understand the anatomical approach to SMA and intraoperatively confirm the SMA course based on each anatomical landmark before initiating dissection. CONCLUSIONS: MIPD experts suggest that surgical trainees perform resection based on precise anatomical landmarks for safe and reliable MIPD.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34726831

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Approximately 8300 hemophiliacs are registered in Japan, but no comprehensive reports on hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery (HBPS) have been conducted. This report investigates the current status of HPBS in hemophilia patients in Japan. METHODS: The subjects were hemophiliac patients seen between January 1 2007, and December 31 2017, at facilities participating in this study among the facilities for performing high-difficulty cases nationwide designated by the Japanese Society for HBPS. A retrospective examination of short-term outcomes in 49 cases was conducted to assess patient background, disease, surgical procedure, and complications. RESULTS: The types of hemophilia were A: 43 cases, B: four cases, and von Willebrand disease: two cases (hemophilia severity: mild 32, moderate seven, severe 10). The target malignant diseases for surgery were hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in 20 cases, intrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinoma (CCC) in four cases, combined HCC-CCC in two cases, hilar CCC in two cases, and pancreatic cancer in four cases. As for the surgical procedure, limited resection (subsegmentectomy and partial hepatectomy) was performed in 16 cases of HCC even with normal liver function tests. Pancreaticoduodenectomy and distal pacreatectomy were performed for pancreatic cancers as in the standard procedure. Postoperative complications were postoperative bleeding in two cases after hepatectomy and one after pancreatectomy in one case. When compared with Japanese National Clinical Data base, the complication rates after hepatectomy and pancreatectomy were not conspicuous in hemophilic patients. CONCLUSIONS: As long as they are performed in qualified centers, complication rate is not increased in hemophilic patients undergoing HBPS.

8.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34751417

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the selection criteria, postoperative complications, bowel function, and prognosis of stapled ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) and hand-sewn IPAA for ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS: We defined our surgical indications and strategy, and compared the postoperative complications, bowel function, and prognoses between patients who underwent stapled and hand-sewn IPAA for UC at the Yokohama City University Medical Center between 2004 and 2017. RESULTS: Among 320 patients enrolled, 298 patients underwent stapled IPAA while 22 underwent hand-sewn IPAA. There was no significant difference in the postoperative complications between the two groups. Regarding postoperative bowel function, stapled IPAA caused significantly less soiling (stapled vs hand-sewn: 9.1% vs 41.0%, odds ratio (OR) = 0.14, p < 0.0002), spotting (stapled vs hand-sewn: 23.2% vs 63.6%, OR = 0.17, p < 0.0001), and difficulty in distinguishing feces from flatus (stapled vs hand-sewn: 39.9% vs 63.6%, OR = 0.36, p < 0.026). No postoperative neoplasia was observed at the final follow-up in all patients. CONCLUSION: In this study, there was no clear difference in the postoperative complications between stapled and hand-sewn IPAA, but stapled IPAA resulted in better postoperative bowel function. Postoperative oncogenesis from the residual mucosa is rare. However, future cancer risk remains; thus, careful follow-up is required.

9.
Anticancer Res ; 41(11): 5539-5547, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34732424

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We aimed to investigate the prognosis of patients who received radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for liver metastases of unresectable colorectal cancer (CRC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively compared 147 patients treated for CRC liver metastases, who underwent RFA (n=26), resection (n=92), and chemotherapy (n=29) between 2001 and 2021. RESULTS: RFA and chemotherapy were performed for unresectable or non-operable cases, and resection was performed for suitable cases. The median overall survival (OS) was 44.9, 49.5, and 11.6 months for patients who underwent RFA, resection, and chemotherapy, respectively. RFA led to a significantly shorter OS compared to resection (p=0.027) but to a longer OS compared to chemotherapy (p=0.003). The 5-year survival rates were 34.6% and 42.4% for patients who underwent RFA and resection, respectively (p=0.508). CONCLUSION: RFA has the potential to achieve long-term survival or radical cure, even for unresectable or non-operable cases of CRC with liver metastasis.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Hepatectomia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Ablação por Radiofrequência , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Feminino , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Hepatectomia/mortalidade , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Ablação por Radiofrequência/efeitos adversos , Ablação por Radiofrequência/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
10.
Anticancer Res ; 41(11): 5821-5825, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34732457

RESUMO

AIM: Anastomotic leakage (AL) in left-sided colorectal cancer is a serious complication, with an incidence rate of 6-18%. We developed a novel predictive model for AL in colorectal surgery with double-stapling technique (DST) anastomosis using auto-artificial intelligence (AI). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 256 patients who underwent curative surgery for left-sided colorectal cancer between 2017 and 2021 were included. In addition to conventional clinicopathological factors, we included the type of circular stapler using DST, conventional double-row circular stapler (DCS) or EEA™ circular stapler with Tri-Staple™ technology, 28 mm Medium/Thick (Covidien, New Haven, CT, USA) which had triple-row circular stapler (TCS) as a covariate. Auto-AI software Prediction One (Sony Network Communications Inc.) was used to predict AL with 5-fold cross validation. Predictive accuracy was assessed using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. Prediction One also evaluated the 'importance of variables' (IOV) using a method based on permutation feature importance. RESULTS: The area under the curve of the AI model was 0.766. The type of circular stapler used was the most influential factor contributing to AL (IOV=0.551). CONCLUSION: This auto-AI predictive model demonstrated an improvement in accuracy compared to the conventional model. It was suggested that use of a TCS may contribute to a reduction in the AL rate.


Assuntos
Fístula Anastomótica/etiologia , Colectomia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Aprendizado de Máquina , Grampeamento Cirúrgico/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Fístula Anastomótica/diagnóstico , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Grampeadores Cirúrgicos , Grampeamento Cirúrgico/instrumentação , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34664404

RESUMO

Japanese Society of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery (JSHBPS) which was established in 1993 has been working with the mission to develop general academic research and knowledge on hepato-biliary-pancreatic (HBP) surgery and, further, to pursue the patient safety and patient's best interest in HBP surgery with the cooperated work of international HBP surgeons.

12.
Indian J Surg Oncol ; 12(3): 498-506, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34658577

RESUMO

Lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) has been reported as a biomarker for predicting the prognosis of colorectal cancer. However, the clinical usefulness of LMR requires detailed research, which can contribute to better therapeutic strategies. A cohort of 554 patients with resectable advanced colon cancer in our institution was analyzed retrospectively. An analysis of stages II and III resectable advanced colon cancer was performed. LMR was useful for predicting overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS). The ROC curve revealed an LMR value of 2.77 as a cutoff for OS. A high LMR was an independent prognostic factor and was associated with a high hazard ratio (HR) in all cases for OS (HR = 0.530, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.334-0.842, p = 0.007). A high LMR was not an independent prognostic factor in stage II cases but was a predictor with the strongest association with prognosis in patients with stage III cases for OS (HR = 0.383, 95% CI = 0.160-0.915, p = 0.031). LMR is a strong predictor of prognosis in patients with stage III colon cancer and may be useful in postoperative treatment options.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719123

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical views with high resolution and magnification have enabled us to recognize the precise anatomical structures that can be used as landmarks during minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy (MIDP). This study aimed to validate the usefulness of anatomy-based approaches for MIDP before and during the Expert Consensus Meeting: Precision Anatomy for Minimally Invasive HBP Surgery (February 24, 2021). METHODS: Twenty-five international MIDP experts developed clinical questions regarding surgical anatomy and approaches for MIDP. Studies identified via a comprehensive literature search were classified using Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network methodology. Online Delphi voting was conducted after experts had drafted the recommendations, with the goal of obtaining >75% consensus. Experts discussed the revised recommendations in front of the validation committee and an international audience of 384 attendees. Finalized recommendations were made after a second round of online Delphi voting. RESULTS: Four clinical questions were addressed, resulting in 10 recommendations. All recommendations reached at least a 75% consensus among experts. CONCLUSIONS: The expert consensus on precision anatomy for MIDP has been presented as a set of recommendations based on available evidence and expert opinions. These recommendations should guide experts and trainees in performing safe MIDP and foster its appropriate dissemination worldwide.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581016

RESUMO

The symposium "New criteria of resectability for pancreatic cancer" was held during the 33nd meeting of the Japanese Society of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery (JSHBPS) in 2021 to discuss the potential modifications that could be made in the current resectability classification. The meeting focused on setting the foundation for developing a new prognosis-based resectability classification that is based on the tumor biology and the response to neoadjuvant treatment (NAT). The symposium included selected experts from Western and Eastern high-volume centers who have discussed their concept of resectability status through published literature. During the symposium, presenters reported new resectability classifications from their respective institutions based on tumor biology, conditional status, pathology, and genetics, in addition to anatomical tumor involvement. Interestingly, experts from all the centers reached the agreement that anatomy alone is insufficient to define resectability in the current era of effective NAT. On behalf of the JSHBPS, we would like to summarize the content of the conference in this position paper. We also invite global experts as internal reviewers of this paper for intercontinental cooperation in creating an up-to-date, prognosis-based resectability classification that reflects the trends of contemporary clinical practice.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519976

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Despite improvements in surgical techniques and devices and perioperative care of gastric cancer (GC), the rate of postoperative complications still has not decreased. If patients at high risk for postoperative complications could be identified early using biomarkers, these complications might be reduced. In this study, we investigated usefulness of the preoperative Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS) as a predictive factor for complications after surgery in patients with stage II/III GC. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed the outcomes of 424 patients who underwent curative surgery for pathological stage II/III GC from February 2007 to July 2019 at a single center. The GPS was assessed within 4 days before surgery. To identify independent risk factors for postoperative complications, univariate and multivariate analyses were performed using a Cox proportional hazards model. RESULTS: The numbers of patients with a GPS of 0, 1, and 2 were 357, 55, and 12, respectively. The rate of complications after surgery was significantly higher among patients with a GPS of 1 or 2 than among patients with a GPS of 0 (p = 0.008). Multivariate analysis identified a GPS of 1 or 2 as an independent predictive factor for postoperative complications (p = 0.037). CONCLUSION: The preoperative GPS may be a useful predictive factor for postoperative complications in patients with stage II/III GC. Being aware of the risk of complications after surgery as indicated by the GPS before surgery may promote safe and minimally invasive surgery that we expect will improve outcomes in patients with a GPS of 1 or 2.

16.
J Med Case Rep ; 15(1): 457, 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34526110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intra-abdominal desmoid tumors are rare soft tissue tumors that arise mainly in the mesentery and pelvis. Their etiology may include genetic mutations, estrogen-associated changes after childbirth, and mechanical factors such as a history of abdominal surgery. However, there are cases of intra-abdominal desmoid tumors that develop in the absence of such causes. Since they are rare, diagnosis is often difficult based on clinical findings. We encountered two cases of patients with sporadic intra-abdominal desmoid tumors with a very unusual onset and contrasting features. CASE PRESENTATION: The first patient was a 51-year-old asian man who presented with sudden onset of abdominal pain. He was referred to our department because of a giant tumor detected on abdominal ultrasonography. Imaging revealed a 19-cm tumor with internal tumoral hemorrhage; however, no definitive diagnosis was made. Tumor resection was performed for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. The second patient was a 41-year-old asian man, and right hydronephrosis was detected on abdominal ultrasonography during a periodic medical checkup. We diagnosed invasion of the primary mesenteric tumor into the right ureter using diagnostic imaging and performed ileocecal resection with partial right ureteral resection for a definitive diagnosis and therapeutic purposes. Although the tumors of both patients had developed from the ileal mesentery, the tumors were substantially different from each other based on their imaging findings, macroscopic morphology, and progression pattern. Meanwhile, they showed similar pathological characteristics. Both consisted of bundles of collagen fibrils of spindle-shaped fibroblasts with low cell atypia. Moreover, they were diagnosed as desmoid tumors using positive immunohistochemical staining for ß-catenin. CONCLUSIONS: Neither patient had susceptibility factors for desmoid tumors, and to our knowledge, there have been very few reports to date of intra-abdominal desmoid tumors that were diagnosed because of acute abdominal pain caused by tumoral hemorrhage or asymptomatic obstructive uropathy. Furthermore, it is clinically interesting that the two patients showed contrasting progression patterns and imaging findings. Intra-abdominal desmoid tumors are rare and may present with various symptoms and findings similar to those observed in our patients. Diagnosis therefore requires experience and knowledge that is not bound by preconceptions.


Assuntos
Fibromatose Abdominal , Fibromatose Agressiva , Dor Abdominal/etiologia , Adulto , Colectomia , Fibromatose Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibromatose Abdominal/cirurgia , Fibromatose Agressiva/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibromatose Agressiva/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Mesentério/diagnóstico por imagem , Mesentério/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4471-4478, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475071

RESUMO

AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in elderly patients with Stage I-III colon cancer for long-term oncologic outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 175 patients aged >75 years who underwent radical surgery for Stage I-III colon cancer between 2000 and 2015 at our institute. Overall survival (OS), cancer-specific survival (CSS), and relapse-free survival (RFS) were evaluated according to NLR values using propensity score analysis. Patients were allocated to the higher NLR (H-NLR) or the lower NLR (L-NLR) group with a cut-off value of 2.3, based on receiver operating characteristic curve. RESULTS: Before case matching, there were significant differences between the two groups for CSS (p=0.023) and RFS (p<0.001), but not for OS (p=0.069). Similar results were obtained after case matching, with significant differences observed for CSS (p=0.003) and RFS (p=0.027), but not for OS (p=0.145). CONCLUSION: NLR may be a prognostic factor in elderly patients with colon cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo/sangue , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Pontuação de Propensão , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Anticancer Res ; 41(9): 4629-4636, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34475091

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We aimed to develop a novel recurrence prediction model for stage II-III colon cancer using simple auto-artificial intelligence (AI) with improved accuracy compared to conventional statistical models. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 787 patients who had undergone curative surgery for stage II-III colon cancer between 2000 and 2018 were included. Binomial logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the effect of variables on recurrence. The auto-AI software 'Prediction One' (Sony Network Communications Inc.) was used to predict recurrence with the same dataset used for the conventional statical model. Predictive accuracy was assessed by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). RESULTS: The AUC of the multivariate model was 0.719 (95%CI=0.655-0.784), whereas that of the AI model was 0.815, showing a significant improvement. CONCLUSION: This auto-AI prediction model demonstrates improved accuracy compared to the conventional model. It could be constructed by clinical surgeons who are not familiar with AI.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Área Sob a Curva , Inteligência Artificial , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Curva ROC , Medição de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
19.
Eur Surg Res ; 62(4): 262-270, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34344012

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to determine the preoperative clinicophysiological and postoperative clinicopathological predictors of malignancy in patients with intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN). METHODS: This was a retrospective observational study. We included 121 patients (73 men and 48 women; mean age: 68.7 years) who had undergone pancreatic resection for IPMN between 2007 and 2018. These patients were grouped into invasive carcinoma (IPMN-INV, N = 21) and low/high-grade IPMN (IPMN-LG/HG, N = 100) groups. Univariate and multivariate analyses of clinicophysiological parameters were carried out. These parameters were also compared between the IPMN-INV/HG (N = 53) and IPMN-LG (N = 68) groups. Survival analyses according to macroscopic type and IPMN subtypes were performed. RESULTS: On univariate analysis, age (p = 0.038), carbohydrate antigen (CA) 19-9 (p < 0.001), IPMN macroscopic type (p = 0.001), IPMN subtype (p < 0.001), pancreatic duct diameter (p < 0.001), and mural nodule (p = 0.042), between IPMN-INV and IPMN-LG/HG were found to be significant prognostic factors of malignancy. CA 19-9 was found to be an independent prognostic factor of IPMN malignancy on multivariate analysis (p = 0.035). The 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival (OS) rates of the IPMN-INV and IPMN-LG/HG groups were 94.4/100%, 94.4/100%, and 67.2/100%, respectively. The OS rate in the IPMN-LG/HG group was significantly higher than that in the IPMN-INV group (p < 0.001). On univariate analysis, platelet (p = 0.043), CA 19-9 (p = 0.039), prognostic nutritional index (p = 0.034), platelet/lymphocyte ratio (p = 0.01), IPMN macroscopic type (p < 0.001), IPMN subtype (p < 0.001), pancreatic duct diameter (p = 0.036), and mural nodule (p = 0.032) between IPMN-INV/HG and IPMN-LG were found to be significant prognostic factors of malignancy. On multivariate analysis, CA 19-9 was found to be an independent prognostic factor (p = 0.042) between IPMN-INV/HG and IPMN-LG of malignancy. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS rates of the IPMN-INV/HG and IPMN-LG groups were 97.9/100%, 97.9/100%, and 82.6/100%, respectively. The OS rate was significantly higher in the IPMN-LG group than in the IPMN-INV/HG group (p = 0.03). No significant differences in survival were observed in patients with macroscopic tumors (p= 0.544). CONCLUSION: CA 19-9 is an independent invasive malignancy predictor of IPMN.

20.
Cancers (Basel) ; 13(14)2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34298818

RESUMO

Patients with resectable pancreatic cancer are considered to already have micro-distant metastasis, because most of the recurrence patterns postoperatively are distant metastases. Multimodal treatment dramatically improves prognosis; thus, micro-distant metastasis is considered to be controlled by chemotherapy. The survival benefit of "regional lymph node dissection" for pancreatic head cancer remains unclear. We reviewed the literature that could be helpful in determining the appropriate resection range. Regional lymph nodes with no suspected metastases on preoperative imaging may become areas treated with preoperative and postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy. Many studies have reported that the R0 resection rate is associated with prognosis. Thus, "dissection to achieve R0 resection" is required. The recent development of high-quality computed tomography has made it possible to evaluate the extent of cancer infiltration. Therefore, it is possible to simulate the dissection range to achieve R0 resection preoperatively. However, it is often difficult to distinguish between areas of inflammatory changes and cancer infiltration during resection. Even if the "dissection to achieve R0 resection" range is simulated based on the computed tomography evaluation, it is difficult to identify the range intraoperatively. It is necessary to be aware of anatomical landmarks to determine the appropriate dissection range during surgery.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...