Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 226
Filtrar
1.
Head Neck ; 2019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31584731

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most of the primary sphenoid sinus tumors present with locally advanced stages with involvement of adjacent critical structures and are not amenable to radical resection. We sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of carbon-ion radiotherapy (C-ion RT) for sphenoid sinus malignancies. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of 22 patients of primary sphenoid carcinomas treated with definitive C-ion RT. RESULTS: Adenoid cystic carcinoma was the most common histology (15 patients, 68.2%). The median follow-up of this cohort was 48.5 months. The actuarial local control and overall survival at 5 years were 51.0% and 62.7%, respectively. Grade 4 visual impairment and grade 4 brain necrosis were seen in six and one patient, respectively. CONCLUSION: C-ion RT can provide a reasonably good clinical outcome in locally advanced sphenoid sinus malignancies with a marginally higher late toxicity profile because of extremely close proximity of the target volume to critical structures.

2.
J Neurol Sci ; 405: 116429, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476622

RESUMO

GDF-15, a member of the transforming growth factor beta superfamily, regulates inflammatory and apoptotic pathways in various diseases, such as heart failure, kidney dysfunction, and cancer. We aimed to clarify potentially confounding variables affecting GDF-15 and demonstrate its utility as a mitochondrial biomarker using serum samples from 15 patients with mitochondrial diseases (MD), 15 patients with limbic encephalitis (LE), 10 patients with multiple sclerosis/neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (MS/NMOSD), and 19 patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). GDF-15 and FGF-21 were significantly elevated in MD. GDF-15 and FGF-21 showed a good correlation in MD but not in LE, MS, and ALS. GDF-15 was potentially influenced by age in LE, MS/NMOSD, and ALS but not in MD. FGF-21 was not correlated with age in MS/NMOSD, ALS, LE, and MD. GDF-15 was not correlated with clinical features in LE or BMI or body weight in ALS. GDF-15 positively correlated with the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) in MS/NMOSD, while EDSS showed no correlation with age. In conclusion, the results revealed that GDF-15 may be influenced by EDSS in MS/NMOPSD and by age in LE, MS/NMOSD, and ALS but not in MD. Mitochondrial damage in MS/NMOSD is a potentially confounding variable affecting GDF-15.

3.
Magn Reson Imaging ; 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487532

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) measures changes in the concentration of an administered contrast agent to quantitatively evaluate blood circulation in a tumor or normal tissues. This method uses a pharmacokinetic analysis based on the time course of a reference region, such as muscle, rather than arterial input function. However, it is difficult to manually define a homogeneous reference region. In the present study, we developed a method for automatic extraction of the reference region using a clustering algorithm based on a time course pattern for DCE-MRI studies of patients with prostate cancer. METHODS: Two feature values related to the shape of the time course were extracted from the time course of all voxels in the DCE-MRI images. Each voxel value of T1-weighted images acquired before administration were also added as anatomical data. Using this three-dimensional feature vector, all voxels were segmented into five clusters by the Gaussian mixture model, and one of these clusters that included the gluteus muscle was selected as the reference region. RESULTS: Each region of arterial vessel, muscle, and fat was segmented as a different cluster from the tumor and normal tissues in the prostate. In the extracted reference region, other tissue elements including scattered fat and blood vessels were removed from the muscle region. CONCLUSIONS: Our proposed method can automatically extract the reference region using the clustering algorithm with three types of features based on the time course pattern and anatomical data. This method may be useful for evaluating tumor circulatory function in DCE-MRI studies.

4.
Br J Radiol ; 92(1103): 20190370, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31317764

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We had developed compact rotating gantry for carbon ion using superconducting magnets in 2015 which became clinically operational in 2017. The objective of this study was to assess the clinical feasibility and safety of using compact rotating gantry with three-dimensional active scanning in delivery of carbon-ion radiotherapy (C-ion RT) for relatively stationary tumours. METHODS: A prospective feasibility study was conducted with 10 patients who had been treated with C-ion RT using compact rotating gantry between April 2017 and April 2018 at Hospital of the National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS) for head and neck and prostate cancers. The primary end point was evaluation of acute toxicities within 3 months of starting C-ion RT. RESULTS: Out of 10 cases 8 were of head and neck cancers and 2 were of prostate cancers. All of those eight head and neck cases were of locally advanced stages. Both of the prostate cancer patients belong to intermediate risk categories. None of the patients developed even Grade 2 or more severe skin reactions. Six out of eight cases with head and neck cancers experienced Grade 2 mucosal reactions; however, nobody developed Grade 3 or more severe mucosal reactions. There was no gastrointestinal reaction observed in prostate cancer patients. One patient developed Grade 2 genitourinary reaction. CONCLUSION: C-ion RT using compact rotating gantry and three-dimensional active scanning is a safe and feasible treatment for relatively less mobile tumours. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: This study will be the first step to establish the use of superconducting rotating gantry in C-ionRT in clinical setting paving the way for treating large number of patients and make it a standard of practice in the future.


Assuntos
Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/radioterapia , Radioterapia com Íons Pesados/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/radioterapia , Adulto , Idoso , Desenho de Equipamento , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Radioterapia com Íons Pesados/instrumentação , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Int J Urol ; 26(10): 971-979, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284326

RESUMO

Although prostate cancer control using radiotherapy is dose-dependent, dose-volume effects on late toxicities in organs at risk, such as the rectum and bladder, have been observed. Both protons and carbon ions offer advantageous physical properties for radiotherapy, and create favorable dose distributions using fewer portals compared with photon-based radiotherapy. Thus, particle beam therapy using protons and carbon ions theoretically seems suitable for dose escalation and reduced risk of toxicity. However, it is difficult to evaluate the superiority of particle beam radiotherapy over photon beam radiotherapy for prostate cancer, as no clinical trials have directly compared the outcomes between the two types of therapy due to the limited number of facilities using particle beam therapy. The Japanese Society for Radiation Oncology organized a joint effort among research groups to establish standardized treatment policies and indications for particle beam therapy according to disease, and multicenter prospective studies have been planned for several common cancers. Clinical trials of proton beam therapy for intermediate-risk prostate cancer and carbon-ion therapy for high-risk prostate cancer have already begun. As particle beam therapy for prostate cancer is covered by the Japanese national health insurance system as of April 2018, and the number of facilities practicing particle beam therapy has increased recently, the number of prostate cancer patients treated with particle beam therapy in Japan is expected to increase drastically. Here, we review the results from studies of particle beam therapy for prostate cancer and discuss future developments in this field.

6.
Intern Med ; 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31327828

RESUMO

Hyperprogressive disease (HPD) is a paradoxical phenomenon involving the acceleration of tumor progression after treatment with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). A 66-year-old male smoker with advanced lung adenocarcinoma started pembrolizumab for progressive disease following first-line chemotherapy. He developed HPD after two cycles, and a re-biopsy revealed transformation to small-cell carcinoma. He subsequently underwent two lines of chemotherapy for small-cell carcinoma until progression and ultimately died. Transformation to small-cell carcinoma may be a cause of HPD during ICI therapy. The possibility of pathological transformation should be considered in cases of HPD with resistance to ICI therapy.

8.
J Natl Cancer Inst ; 2019 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31095341

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: 10-20% of patients develop long-term toxicity following radiotherapy for prostate cancer. Identification of common genetic variants associated with susceptibility to radiotoxicity might improve risk prediction and inform functional mechanistic studies. METHODS: We conducted an individual patient data meta-analysis of six genome-wide association studies (n = 3,871) in men with European ancestry who underwent radiotherapy for prostate cancer. Radiotoxicities (increased urinary frequency, decreased urinary stream, hematuria, rectal bleeding) were graded prospectively. Grouped relative risk models tested associations with ∼6 million genotyped/imputed variants (time to first ≥grade 2 toxicity event). Variants with two-sided Pmeta<5x10-8 were considered statistically significant. Bayesian false discovery probability provided an additional measure of confidence. Statistically significant variants were evaluated in three Japanese cohorts (n = 962). All statistical tests were two-sided. RESULTS: Meta-analysis of the European ancestry cohorts identified three genomic signals: single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs17055178 with rectal bleeding (Pmeta=6.2x10-10), rs10969913 with decreased urinary stream (Pmeta=2.9x10-10) and rs11122573 with hematuria (Pmeta=1.8x10-8). Fine scale mapping of these three regions identified another independent signal (rs147121532) associated with hematuria (Pconditional=4.7x10-6). Credible causal variants at these four signals lie in gene-regulatory regions, some modulating expression of nearby genes. Previously identified variants showed consistent associations (rs17599026 with increased urinary frequency, rs7720298 with decreased urinary stream, rs1801516 with overall toxicity) in new cohorts. rs10969913 and rs17599026 had similar effects in the photon-treated Japanese cohorts. CONCLUSIONS: This study increases understanding of the architecture of common genetic variants affecting radiotoxicity, points to novel radio-pathogenic mechanisms, and develops risk models for testing in clinical studies. Further multi-national radiogenomics studies in larger cohorts are worthwhile.

9.
Radiother Oncol ; 136: 148-153, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31015117

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Locoregional recurrence after carbon-ion radiotherapy (CIRT) for primary head and neck malignancies, such as malignant mucosal melanoma, adenoid cystic carcinoma, and sarcoma, occurs occasionally. However, the treatment options are limited. We report on the toxicity and efficacy of re-irradiation using carbon ions for recurrent head and neck malignancies after CIRT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of 48 patients with recurrent head and neck malignancies treated with re-irradiation with CIRT at our institution (2007-2016) were retrospectively analyzed. Twenty-one patients (43.8%) had malignant mucosal melanoma, 17 (35.4%) had adenoid cystic carcinoma, six (12.5%) had bone and soft tissue sarcomas, and four patients (8.3%) had other disease types. Tumor recurrences at re-irradiation were located in the paranasal cavity (n = 18, 37.5%), nasal cavity (n = 9, 18.8%), nasopharynx (n = 4, 8.3%), orbit (n = 3, 6.3%), cavernous sinus (n = 3, 6.3%), and at other sites (n = 11, 22.9%). The median dose of initial CIRT and that at re-irradiation were 57.6 Gy and 54.0 Gy (relative biological effectiveness [RBE]), respectively. None of the patients received concurrent chemotherapy. RESULTS: The median follow-up period after re-irradiation was 27.1 months. Five patients (10.4%) developed Grade 3 acute toxicities and 18 (37.5%) developed Grade ≥3 late toxicities, including Grade 5 central nervous system necrosis in one patient. The 2-year local control, locoregional control, progression-free survival, and overall survival rates were 40.5, 33.5%, 29.4%, and 59.6%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Re-irradiation using carbon ions may be a reasonable treatment option with tolerable toxicity for patients with recurrent head and neck malignancies after CIRT.

10.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 24(9): 1143-1150, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30968270

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The efficacy of carbon-ion radiotherapy (C-ion RT) for lymph node (LN) oligo-recurrence has only been evaluated in limited single-center studies. We aimed to investigate the benefit of C-ion RT for LN oligo-recurrence in a large multi-center study. METHODS: Patients who received C-ion RT between December 1996 and December 2015 at 4 participating facilities and who met the following eligibility criteria were included: (i) histological or clinical diagnosis of LN recurrence; (ii) controlled primary lesion; (iii) no recurrence other than LN; (iv) LN recurrence involved in a single lymphatic site; and (v) age ≥ 20 years. RESULTS: A total of 323 patients were enrolled. Median follow-up period was 34 months for surviving patients. The most common dose fractionation of C-ion RT was 48.0 Gy (relative biological effectiveness) in 12 fractions. Forty-seven patients had a history of RT at the recurrent site. The 2-year local control (LC) and overall survival (OS) rates after C-ion RT were 85% and 63%, respectively. Only 1 patient developed grade-3 toxicity. Factors such as LN diameter, histology, and history of previous RT did not correlate with LC. Smaller diameters (< 30 mm) and numbers (≤ 3) of LN metastases as well as longer disease-free intervals post-primary therapy (≥ 16 months) were associated with significantly better OS. CONCLUSIONS: C-ion RT for LN oligo-recurrence appeared to be effective and safe. C-ion RT may provide a survival benefit to patients with LN oligo-recurrence, particularly to those with few LN metastases, smaller LN diameters, and longer disease-free intervals.

11.
Lancet Oncol ; 20(5): 674-685, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30885458

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The risk of subsequent primary cancers in patients with prostate cancer after treatment with photon radiotherapy is small in absolute numbers, but it is higher than that after surgical treatment. Carbon ion radiotherapy has a theoretically lower risk of inducing secondary malignancies than photon radiotherapy, but this risk has not been investigated in practice because of the low number of facilities offering such therapy worldwide and the limited data on long-term follow-up because the therapy has only been available since 1994. We aimed to analyse the risk of subsequent primary cancers after treatment with carbon ion radiotherapy in patients with localised prostate cancer and to compare it with that after photon radiotherapy or surgery in this setting. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we reviewed records of patients who received carbon ion radiotherapy for prostate cancer between June 27, 1995, and July 10, 2012, at the National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS) in Japan. We also retrieved the records of patients diagnosed and treated for prostate cancer between Jan 1, 1994, and Dec 31, 2012, from the Osaka Cancer Registry. Eligible patients had histologically confirmed localised prostate cancer and a minimum follow-up of at least 3 months; no age restrictions were applied. We excluded patients with metastasis, node-positive disease, or locally invasive (T4 stage) prostate cancer, those with previous or synchronous malignancies, and those who received previous radiotherapy or chemotherapy. We did a multivariable analysis to estimate predictors of subsequent cancers after carbon ion radiotherapy treatment. We also used propensity score inverse probability weighting to retrospectively compare the incidence of subsequent cancers in patients with localised prostate cancer treated with carbon beams, photon radiotherapy, or surgery. FINDINGS: Of 1580 patients who received carbon radiotherapy for prostate cancer at the NIRS, 1455 (92%) patients met the eligibility criteria. Of 38 594 patients with prostate cancer identified in the Osaka registry, 1983 (5%) patients treated with photon radiotherapy and 5948 (15%) treated with surgery were included. Median follow-up durations were 7·9 years (IQR 5·9-10·0) for patients who received carbon ion radiotherapy (after limiting the database to 10-year maximum follow-up), 5·7 years (4·5-6·4) for patients who received photon radiotherapy, and 6·0 years (5·0-8·6) for those who received surgery. 234 subsequent primary cancers were diagnosed in the carbon ion radiotherapy cohort; some patients developed several tumours. On multivariable analysis, age (p=0·0021 for 71-75 years vs ≤60 years; p=0·012 for >75 years vs ≤60 years) and smoking (p=0·0005) were associated with a higher risk of subsequent primary cancers in patients treated with carbon ion radiotherapy. In the propensity score-weighted analyses, carbon ion radiotherapy was associated with a lower risk of subsequent primary cancers than photon radiotherapy (hazard ratio [HR] 0·81 [95% CI 0·66-0·99]; p=0·038) or surgery (HR 0·80 [0·68-0·95]; p=0·0088), whereas photon radiotherapy was associated with a higher risk of subsequent primary cancers than surgery (HR 1·18 [1·02-1·36]; p=0·029). INTERPRETATION: Our analysis suggests that patients with localised prostate cancer treated with carbon ion radiotherapy appear to have a lower risk of subsequent primary cancers than those treated with photon radiotherapy. Although prospective evaluation with longer follow-up is warranted to support these results, our data supports a wider adoption of carbon ion radiotherapy for patients with expected long-term overall survival or those with poor outcomes after receiving conventional treatments. FUNDING: Research Project for Heavy Ions at the National Institute of Radiological Sciences (Japan).

12.
Nephron ; 142(2): 91-97, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30799424

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have indicated an association between hypothyroidism and kidney dysfunction; however, few studies have investigated whether thyroid dysfunction is a risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD) development. And their result is not consistent. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the association of thyroid dysfunction with CKD prevalence and development by a multivariate logistic regression analysis. METHOD: In cross-sectional and longitudinal studies, 16,390 subjects and 7,609 subjects, respectively, who underwent annual health check-ups were analyzed. We categorized the subjects into the following 4 groups based on their serum thyrotropin (TSH) -concentrations: below-normal (TSH < 0.54 mU/L), lower-normal -(0.54-2.40 mU/L), higher-normal (2.41-4.26 mU/L) and above-normal (> 4.26 mU/L). Subjects with eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 were determined to have CKD. RESULTS: The cross-sectional study revealed a positive correlation between TSH concentration and CKD -prevalence. Compared with the lower-normal TSH group, the ORs and 95% CIs of CKD prevalence were 0.61 (0.45-0.82, p = 0.001) for the below-normal group, 1.49 (1.33-1.67, p < 0.001) for the higher-normal group, and 1.90 (1.57-2.30, p < 0.001) for the above-normal group. The longitudinal study revealed that the risk of CKD development within 3 years was significantly higher in the above-normal TSH group than in the lower-normal TSH group (OR 1.58, 95% CI 1.02-2.45, p = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicate that higher TSH concentrations are positively correlated with CKD prevalence and that a high TSH concentration is a risk factor for CKD development.

13.
Head Neck ; 41(6): 1795-1803, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30676669

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated carbon-ion radiotherapy (C-ion RT) for oral non-squamous cell carcinomas (non-SCC). METHODS: We retrospectively obtained data from 74 patients who underwent C-ion RT for oral malignancies between April 1997 and March 2016. The C-ion RT was administered in 16 fractions at a total dose of 57.6 or 64.0 Gy (relative biological effectiveness). RESULTS: Forty-three patients had salivary gland carcinomas, 29 patients had mucosal melanoma, and 2 patients had other types of pathologies. The tumors were classified as T1-T3 (24 cases), T4a (21 cases), or T4b (29 cases). The median follow-up was 49 months. The 5-year rates were 78.8% for local control, 36.2% for progression-free survival, and 58.3% for overall survival. Although 10 patients developed grade 3 osteoradionecrosis after C-ion RT, all patients maintained their mastication and deglutition functions after sequestrectomy and prosthesis placement. CONCLUSION: C-ion RT was effective for oral non-SCC and had acceptable toxicities.

14.
Anticancer Res ; 38(11): 6453-6458, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30396971

RESUMO

AIM: Evaluation of the therapeutic efficacy of carbon-ion radiation therapy for isolated lymph node recurrence following curative resection of esophageal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten cases with lymph node recurrence after esophageal cancer surgery were treated with carbon-ion radiation therapy. A total of 48.0 Gy [relative biologic effectiveness (RBE)] was delivered over 3 weeks with a daily dose of 4.0 Gy (RBE). RESULTS: The median follow-up duration was 27.1 months (range=3-92.0 months) after carbon-ion radiation therapy. The local control rates at 2, 3 and 5 years were 92.4%. The overall survival rates at 2, 3 and 5 years were 70.0%, 58.3% and 21.9%. The median survival period was 45.3 months after carbon-ion radiation therapy. There were no toxicities of grade 3 or higher. CONCLUSION: Carbon-ion radiation therapy may be a safe and effective treatment option for isolated lymph node recurrence after radical surgery for esophageal cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Radioterapia com Íons Pesados/métodos , Metástase Linfática/radioterapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/radioterapia , Idoso , Fracionamento da Dose de Radiação , Neoplasias Esofágicas/radioterapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terapia de Salvação , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Cancer Sci ; 2018 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30417485

RESUMO

Prognosis is usually grim for those who cannot receive resection with liver metastasis from colorectal cancer (CRC). Radiation therapy can be an option for those unsuitable for resection, and carbon-ion radiotherapy (CIRT) would be expected higher effective and less toxic than X-ray due to its physio-biological characteristics. The objective of this study is to identify the optimal dose of single fraction CIRT for colorectal cancer liver metastasis. Thirty-one patients with liver metastasis from CRC were enrolled. Twenty-nine patients received a single-fraction CIRT, escalating dose from 36 Gy (RBE) in 5 to 10% increments until unacceptable incidence of dose-limiting toxicity is observed. Dose-limiting toxicity was defined as grade ≥ 3 acute toxicity attributed to radiotherapy. The prescribed doses were: 36 Gy (RBE) (3 cases), 40 (2), 44 (4), 46 (6), 48 (3), 53 (8), and 58 (3). Dose-limiting toxicity was not observed but late grade 3 liver toxicity due to biliary obstruction was observed in 2 patients at 53 Gy (RBE). Both cases had lesions close to the hepatic portal region, and therefore dose was escalated to 58 Gy (RBE) limited to peripheral lesions. Three-year actuarial overall survival rate of all 29 patients was 78%, and median survival time was 65 months. Local control improved significantly at ≥53 Gy (RBE), with 3-year actuarial local control rate of 82%, compared to 28% in lower doses. Treatment for CRC liver metastasis with single-fraction CIRT appeared to be safe up to 58Gy (RBE) as long as the central hepatic portal region is avoided. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

16.
Cancer Med ; 2018 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30449067

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This multi-institutional retrospective study focused on the clinical outcome of carbon-ion radiotherapy (C-ion RT) for non-squamous cell malignant tumors of the nasopharynx. METHODS: The Japan Carbon-ion Radiation Oncology Study Group collected and analyzed data for 43 patients with non-squamous cell malignant tumors of the nasopharynx treated with C-ion RT at four institutions in Japan. RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients had adenoid cystic carcinomas, seven had malignant melanomas, three had adenocarcinomas, two had mucoepidermoid carcinomas, and two had other pathologies. Twenty-six of the 43 patients (61%) had T4 tumors. The most common dose-fractionation schedule was 64 Gy (relative biological effectiveness) in 16 fractions. The median follow-up period was 30 months. The 2-year local control (LC) and overall survival (OS) rates were 88% and 84%, respectively. For late toxicity, one patient developed grade 4 optic nerve disorder and two developed grade 5 pharyngeal hemorrhage. Actual incidence of grade 3 or higher late adverse events was 19%, and included cranial nerve dysfunction, jaw bone necrosis, central nervous system necrosis, and ear inflammation. CONCLUSIONS: C-ion RT provided good LC and OS rates with acceptable toxicity for treatment of non-squamous cell malignant tumors of the nasopharynx.

17.
Cancer Sci ; 2018 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30467928

RESUMO

Efficacy and safety of carbon-ion radiotherapy (CIRT) for locally advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (LA-NSCLC) remain unclear. We reported the clinical outcomes of CIRT for LA-NSCLC. Data of 141 eligible patients who received CIRT between 1995 and 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Local control (LC), locoregional control (LRC), progression-free survival (PFS), and OS were calculated using Kaplan-Meier method. The median age was 75.0 years. Overall, 21, (14.9%), 57 (40.4%), 43 (30.5%), and 20 (14.2%) patients had T1, T2, T3, and T4 disease, respectively. Moreover, 51 (36.2%), 45 (31.9%), 40 (28.4%), and 5 (3.5%) patients had N0, N1, N2, and N3 disease, respectively. Furthermore, 34 (24.1%), 42 (29.8%), 45 (31.9%), and 20 (14.2%) patients had stages IIA, IIB, IIIA, and ΙΙΙB disease, respectively. Overall, 62 (44.0%), 60 (42.6%), 8 (5.7%), and 11 (7.8%) patients had adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, large cell carcinoma, and others, respectively. The median dose was 72.0 Gy (relative biological effectiveness). No patient received concurrent chemotherapy. Median follow-up periods were 29.3 (1.6-207.7) and 40.0 (10.7-207.7) months for all patients and survivors, respectively. Two-year LC, PFS, and OS rates were 80.3%, 40.2%, and 58.7%, respectively. Overall, 1 (0.7%), 5 (3.5%), and 1 (0.7%) patient developed Grades 4 (mediastinal hemorrhage), 3 (radiation pneumonitis), and 3 (bronchial fistula) toxicities, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed adenocarcinoma and N2/3 classification as significant poor prognosticators of PFS. CIRT is an effective treatment with acceptable toxicity for LA-NSCLC, especially for elderly patients or patients with severe comorbidities who cannot be treated with surgery or chemoradiotherapy. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

18.
Radiother Oncol ; 2018 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30360998

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We investigated the efficacy and safety of carbon-ion radiotherapy (C-ion RT) for locally recurrent rectal cancer (LRRC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from patients with LRRC treated with C-ion RT from November 2003 to December 2014 at three institutions were retrospectively analyzed. The endpoints of this clinical trial were overall survival (OS), local control (LC), and acute/late toxicity. RESULTS: A total of 224 patients' data were collected. The prescribed dose was 70.4 Gy (relative biological effectiveness [RBE]-weighted absorbed dose) or 73.6 Gy (RBE) in 16 fractions. The median follow-up period from the initiation of C-ion RT was 62 months (range 6-169 months). The OS rates were 73% (95% confidence interval [CI], 67%-79%) at 3 years and 51% (95%CI 44%-58%) at 5 years. The LC rates were 93% (95%CI 88%-96%) at 3 years, and 88% (95%CI 82%-93%) at 5 years. Grade 3 acute toxicity was observed in three patients: gastrointestinal toxicity (n = 1) and pelvic infection (n = 2). Grade 3 late toxicity was observed in 12 patients: skin reaction (n = 2), gastrointestinal toxicity (n = 2), neuropathy (n = 1), and pelvic infection (n = 7). There was no grade 4 or 5 acute or late toxicity. CONCLUSIONS: This first multi-institutional analysis of C-ion RT for LRRC indicated relatively favorable outcomes with limited toxicities.

19.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 102(2): 353-361, 2018 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30191869

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of carbon-ion radiation therapy (C-ion RT) for locally advanced sinonasal malignant tumors in a multicenter retrospective study (J-CROS 1402 HN). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Clinical data were collected for patients who had sinonasal malignant tumors of stage N0-1M0 and received C-ion RT at 4 institutions in Japan between November 2003 and December 2014. Of the 458 patients, 393 had naïve tumors and 65 had recurrent tumors. The tumors were located in the nasal cavity (n = 263), maxillary sinus (n = 109), ethmoid sinus (n = 71), and other locations (n = 15). The histologic types were mucosal melanoma (n = 221, 48%), adenoid cystic carcinoma (n = 122, 27%), squamous cell carcinoma (n = 31, 7%), olfactory neuroblastoma (n = 30, 7%), adenocarcinoma (n = 21, 5%), and other types (n = 33, 7%). Of the 458 patients, 300 (66%) had T4 tumors. All patients received definitive C-ion RT. RESULTS: The median follow-up period was 25.2 months for all patients (range, 1.4-132.3 months). The 2-year overall survival and local control rates were 79.6% and 84.1%, respectively. As analyzed according to histology, the 2-year overall survival rate was 68.0% for mucosal melanoma, 96.8% for adenoid cystic carcinoma, 70.0% for squamous cell carcinoma, 96.7% for olfactory neuroblastoma, and 89.7% for adenocarcinoma. Regarding late toxicities, 17% of patients developed grade 3 and 4 toxicities, of which visual impairment was the most common. CONCLUSION: The results of our multicenter study have demonstrated that C-ion RT can provide excellent clinical outcomes with acceptable late toxicities in patients who have locally advanced sinonasal malignant tumors.

20.
Liver Int ; 38(12): 2239-2247, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30240527

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Carbon-ion radiation therapy has shown encouraging results in hepatocellular carcinoma patients in single-centre studies. We evaluated the effectiveness and safety of short-course carbon-ion radiation therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma in a multicentre study conducted by the Japan Carbon Ion Radiation Oncology Study Group. METHODS: Consecutive hepatocellular carcinoma patients who were treated with carbon-ion radiation therapy in four or fewer fractions at four Japanese institutions between April 2005 and November 2014 were analysed retrospectively. The primary outcome was overall survival; secondary outcomes were local control rate, treatment-related toxicity and radiation-induced liver disease. RESULTS: A total of 174 patients were included in this study. Prescribed carbon-ion radiation therapy doses were (relative biological effectiveness): 48.0 Gy in two fractions (n = 46), and 52.8 Gy (n = 108) and 60.0 Gy (n = 20) in four fractions. The median follow-up period was 20.3 (range, 2.9-103.5) months. The overall survival and local control rates at 1, 2 and 3 years were 95.4%, 82.5% and 73.3%; and 94.6%, 87.7% and 81.0% respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 1-2, Child-Pugh class B, maximum tumour diameter ≥3 cm, multiple tumours and serum alpha foetoprotein level >50 ng/mL were significant prognostic factors of overall survival. No treatment-related death occurred during the follow-up period. Grades 3 or 4 treatment-related toxicities were observed in 10 patients (5.7%); radiation-induced liver disease was observed in three patients (1.7%). CONCLUSIONS: Short-course carbon-ion radiation therapy is a safe, effective and potentially curative therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA