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1.
JGH Open ; 6(1): 36-43, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35071786

RESUMO

Background and Aim: With the control of viral hepatitis, alcoholic hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is becoming increasingly important in Japan. In alcoholic cirrhosis, the impact of portal hypertension is significant. Thus, it may be difficult to predict prognosis accurately with the reported prognostic scores. Here we propose the platelet-albumin-bilirubin tumor nodes metastasis (TNM) score (PALBI-T score) as a prognostic model for HCC in alcoholic liver disease, and investigate its usefulness. The PALBI-T score is an integrated score based on the TNM stage and PALBI grade including platelets, reflecting portal hypertension. Methods: This study included 163 patients with alcoholic HCC treated at our Center from 1997 to 2018. We compared the prognostic prediction abilities of the Japan Integrated Staging (JIS) score, ALBI-T score, and PALBI-T score. The PALBI-T score was calculated similarly to the JIS and ALBI-T scores. Areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) were calculated for predicting overall survival (OS). Results: In predicting the 1-year survival, the JIS score had a larger AUC (AUC = 0.925) than the ALBI-T score (AUC = 0.895) and PALBI-T score (AUC = 0.891). On the other hand, there was no significant difference in predicting OS among the integrated scores. The PALBI-T score (AUC = 0.740) had the largest AUC, and the JIS score (AUC = 0.729) and ALBI-T score (AUC = 0.717) were not significantly different from the PALBI grade (AUC = 0.634). The PALBI grade reflected the degree of portal hypertension. Conclusion: In patients with alcoholic HCC, the Japan Integrated Staging score is useful for predicting short-term prognosis. The PALBI-T score, which reflects portal hypertension, appears to be a more valid prognostic score for predicting long-term prognosis.

2.
Hepatol Res ; 2021 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34861090

RESUMO

AIM: Direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) are currently available even for patients with decompensated cirrhosis. Reportedly, hepatic functional reserve improved in the short term after achievement of sustained virologic response (SVR). We aimed to clarify the outcomes after achievement of SVR in patients with decompensated cirrhosis who were treated by DAAs in real-world clinical practice. METHODS: A prospective, multicenter study of 12-week sofosbuvir/velpatasvir was conducted in 86 patients with decompensated cirrhosis, who were evaluated for 48 weeks post-treatment. RESULTS: The cohort included 8 patients with Child-Pugh class A, 56 with B, and 22 with C. The proportion of Child-Pugh class A patients increased from 9.1% at baseline to 44.1% at 48 weeks post-treatment, while that of class B and C patients decreased from 66.2% to 35.1% and from 24.7% to 14.3%, respectively. Among the patients with Child-Pugh class B and C, univariate analysis identified low total bilirubin, Child-Pugh score, Child-Pugh class B, ALBI score, and high serum albumin as factors associated with improvement to Child-Pugh class A. The optimal cut-off value of the factors for predicting improvement to Child-Pugh class A were 1.4 mg/dL for total bilirubin, 2.9 g/dL for serum albumin, 8 points for Child-Pugh score, and -1.88 for ALBI score. CONCLUSION: Achievement of SVR with sofosbuvir/velpatasvir improved the liver functional reserve at 12 weeks post-treatment and maintained the stable effects until 48 weeks post-treatment in patients with decompensated cirrhosis. Specifically, the patients with less advanced conditions had the likelihood of improving to Child-Pugh class A at 48 weeks post-treatment. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

3.
Hepatol Res ; 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34799975

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Although systemic therapy is recommended for patients with multiple intermediate stage unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (u-HCC) classified as beyond the up-to-7 criteria (UT-7 out/multiple) as a transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) unsuitable condition, few reports have examined the therapeutic efficacy of atezolizumab plus bevacizumab combination therapy (Atez/Bev) in such cases. This study aimed to elucidate the therapeutic response of Atez/Bev in u-HCC patients classified as UT-7 out/multiple. MATERIAL/METHODS: From September 2020 to September 2021, 95 u-HCC Japanese patients classified as UT-7 out/multiple/Child-Pugh A were enrolled from 21 institutions (median age 76 years, males 73, Child-Pugh 5:6 = 68:27, TNM stage II:III = 17:78). Therapeutic response was retrospectively evaluated using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST), ver. 1.1 and modified RECIST (mRECIST). RESULTS: Atez/Bev was given as first-line treatment to 52 (54.7%). Objective response rate (ORR)/disease control rate (DCR) at six weeks of RECIST and mRECIST were 17.7%/84.7% and 42.5%/86.2%, respectively. Median PFS was 8.0 months (median observation period: 6.0 months). Child-Pugh A/modified Albumin-bilirubin grade (mALBI) 1 and 2a at baseline, 3, 6, and 9 weeks, were 100%/69.4%, 89.8%/57.3%, 94.8%/65.3%, and 91.4%/60.0%, respectively. Among adverse events (any-grade, >10%) during the present observation period, general fatigue was most frequent (23.2%), followed by urine protein (21.1%), appetite loss (20.0%), and hypertension (13.7%). CONCLUSION: Atez/Bev treatment showed favorable therapeutic response with less influence on hepatic function, suggesting it as a useful therapeutic option for patients with such condition.

4.
Oncology ; : 1-9, 2021 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34844247

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: With the development of systemic treatment methods for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (uHCC), the concept of unsuitable for transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) has become important. This study aimed to establish a simple predictive scoring system for determining TACE unsuitable status. MATERIALS/METHODS: From 1998 to 2015, 196 patients with intermediate-stage uHCC with Child-Pugh A (score 5:6 = 108:88) and given TACE as the initial treatment were enrolled. At the baseline, tumor burden (Milan criteria-out, up-to-7 in/out, and up-to-11 in/out: 0-2 points) and modified albumin-bilirubin grade 1/2a or 2b (0-1 point) were added to determine the score for TACE unsuitable (CITRUS-MICAN score; low <2 and high ≥2). In addition, a previously reported tumor marker (TM) score, in which alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) was ≥100 ng/mL, fucosylated AFP ≥10%, and des-gamma-carboxy prothrombin ≥100 mAU/mL (each 1 point) (total 0, 1, or ≥2 points), was used for additionally evaluating tumor malignancy potential. Prognosis was retrospectively evaluated based on those scores. RESULTS: Median survival time (MST) was better for low compared to high CITRUS-MICAN score (42.0 vs. 26.4 months) (p = 0.002). A 2-step evaluation using the combination of CITRUS-MICAN and TM scores showed an MST of 43.2 months for low CITRUS-MICAN/TM score 0/1 (rank-A) and 39.6 months for low CITRUS-MICAN/TM score ≥2 (rank-B2), while it was 46.8 months for high CITRUS-MICAN/TM score 0 (rank-B1), 28.8 months for high CITRUS-MICAN/TM score 1 (rank-B2), and 22.8 months for high CITRUS-MICAN/TM score ≥2 (rank-C). For rank-A cases (n = 51), MST was 43.2 months, while it was 46.8 months for rank-B1 (n = 12), 31.2 months for rank-B2 (n = 82), and 22.8 months for rank-C (n = 51) (p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: The results showed that rank-C indicates absolute TACE unsuitable status. For rank-A patients, good prognosis with TACE can be expected, while TACE refractoriness status during the clinical course should be carefully evaluated so as to anticipate the appropriate timing for switching to systemic treatment in rank-B1 and -B2 patients.

5.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 16663, 2021 08 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404856

RESUMO

It was recently reported that hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) are not responsive to immune-checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) treatment. The present study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of lenvatinib in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)/NASH-related unresectable-HCC (u-HCC). Five hundred thirty u-HCC patients with Child-Pugh A were enrolled, and divided into the NAFLD/NASH (n = 103) and Viral/Alcohol (n = 427) groups. Clinical features were compared in a retrospective manner. Progression-free survival (PFS) was better in the NAFLD/NASH than the Viral/Alcohol group (median 9.3 vs. 7.5 months, P = 0.012), while there was no significant difference in overall survival (OS) (20.5 vs. 16.9 months, P = 0.057). In Cox-hazard analysis of prognostic factors for PFS, elevated ALT (≥ 30 U/L) (HR 1.247, P = 0.029), modified ALBI grade 2b (HR 1.236, P = 0.047), elevated AFP (≥ 400 ng/mL) (HR 1.294, P = 0.014), and NAFLD/NASH etiology (HR 0.763, P = 0.036) were significant prognostic factors. NAFLD/NASH etiology was not a significant prognostic factor in Cox-hazard analysis for OS (HR0.758, P = 0.092), whereas AFP (≥ 400 ng/mL) (HR 1.402, P = 0.009), BCLC C stage (HR 1.297, P = 0.035), later line use (HR 0.737, P = 0.014), and modified ALBI grade 2b (HR 1.875, P < 0.001) were significant. Lenvatinib can improve the prognosis of patients affected by u-HCC irrespective of HCC etiology or its line of treatment.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos de Fenilureia/uso terapêutico , Quinolinas/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 14474, 2021 07 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34262065

RESUMO

We investigated the impact on survival of modified albumin-bilirubin (mALBI) grade versus Child-Pugh classification in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who received lenvatinib. A total of 524 patients with HCC who received lenvatinib were included. Univariate analysis showed that mALBI grade 2b/3 and Child-Pugh class B/C were significantly associated with survival [hazard ratio (HR), 2.471; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.944-3.141 and HR, 2.178; 95%CI, 1.591-2.982]. In patients with a Child-Pugh score of 5, multivariate analysis showed that mALBI grade 2b/3 was independently associated with survival (HR, 1.814; 95%CI, 1.083-3.037). Conversely, among patients with mALBI grade 1/2a, there was no difference in survival between those with a Child-Pugh class of 5 or 6 (p = 0.735). Time-dependent receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that the ALBI score predicted survival better than the Child-Pugh score. The optimal cut-off value of the ALBI score for predicting survival was nearly the same as the value separating mALBI grades 2a and 2b. In conclusion, the mALBI grade was a better predictor of survival than the Child-Pugh classification in patients with unresectable HCC who received lenvatinib therapy.


Assuntos
Bilirrubina/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos de Fenilureia/uso terapêutico , Quinolinas/uso terapêutico , Albumina Sérica Humana/análise , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Masculino , Compostos de Fenilureia/efeitos adversos , Quinolinas/efeitos adversos , Curva ROC , Taxa de Sobrevida
7.
Liver Int ; 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34250737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Lenvatinib is a standard of care option in first-line therapy of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In the present study, we aim to identify, in patients with HCC treated with lenvatinib, a possible association between occurrence and grading of adverse events (AEs) and outcome. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 606 Japanese and Italian patients treated with lenvatinib in first-line setting and investigated the possible correlation between the onset of AEs, toxicity grade (G) and outcome measures such as overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). RESULTS: The appearance of arterial hypertension G ≥ 2 independently predicted prolonged OS [hazard ratio (HR) 0.66, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.46-0.93, P = .0188], whereas decreased appetite G ≥ 2 independently predicted decreased OS (HR 1.70, 95% CI 1.25-2.32, P = .0007) by multivariate analysis. Appearance of hand-foot skin reaction independently predicted prolonged PFS (HR 0.72, 95% CI 0.56-0.93, P = .0149), whereas decreased appetite G ≥ 2 predicted decreased PFS (HR 1.36, 95% CI 1.04-1.77, P = .0277). CONCLUSIONS: Our main findings are that the occurrence of arterial hypertension G ≥ 2 is a predictor of longer survival, whereas decreased appetite G ≥ 2 predicts for a poor prognosis. A careful management of AEs under lenvatinib treatment for HCC is required, to improve patients' quality of life, minimize the need for treatment discontinuation and achieve optimal outcome.

8.
Hepatol Commun ; 5(7): 1290-1299, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34278176

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) can de novo develop in patients with chronic hepatitis C even after the achievement of sustained virologic response (SVR). We characterized de novo HCC after SVR, comparing it with HCC that developed in patients during persistent hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Characteristics, survival rates, and recurrence rates after curative treatment in 178 patients who developed initial HCC after SVR diagnosed between 2014 and 2020 were compared with those of 127 patients with initial HCC that developed during persistent HCV infection diagnosed between 2011 and 2015; HCC was detected under surveillance in both groups. HCC was less advanced and liver function worsened less in patients with SVR than in patients with persistent HCV. The survival rate after diagnosis was significantly higher for patients with SVR than for patients with persistent HCV (1-, 3-, and 5-year survival rates, 98.2%, 92.5%, and 86.8% versus 89.5%, 74.7%, and 60.8%, respectively; P < 0.001). By contrast, the recurrence rate after curative treatment was similar between groups (1-, 3-, and 5-year recurrence rates, 11.6%, 54.6%, and 60.4% versus 24.0%, 46.7%, and 50.4%, respectively; P = 0.7484). Liver function improved between initial HCC diagnosis and recurrence in patients with SVR (P = 0.0191), whereas it worsened in the control group (P < 0.001). In addition, patients with SVR could receive curative treatment for recurrence more frequently than patients with persistent HCV (80.4% versus 47.8%, respectively; P = 0.0008). Conclusion: Survival of patients with de novo HCC after SVR was significantly higher than that of patients in whom HCC developed during persistent HCV infection, despite similar rates of recurrence after curative treatment. A higher prevalence of curative treatment for recurrent HCC and improved liver function contributed to this result.

9.
Cancer Rep (Hoboken) ; : e1464, 2021 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34114752

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although atezolizumab plus bevacizumab (Atez/bev) treatment has been developed for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (u-HCC), changes in hepatic function during therapy have yet to be reported. AIM: This retrospective clinical study aimed to elucidate early responses to Atez/Bev. METHODS: From September 2020 to April 2021, 171 u-HCC patients undergoing Atez/Bev treatment were enrolled (BCLC stage A:B:C:D = 5:68:96:2). Of those, 75 had no prior history of systemic treatment. Relative changes in hepatic function and therapeutic response were assessed using albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) score and Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST), ver. 1.1, respectively. RESULTS: In initial imaging examination findings, objective response rates for early tumor shrinkage and disease control after 6 weeks (ORR-6W/DCR-6W) were 10.6%/79.6%. Similar response results were observed in patients with and without a past history of systemic treatment (ORR-6W/DCR-6W = 9.7%/77.8% and 12.2%/82.9%), as well as patients in whom Atez/Bev was used as post-progression treatment following lenvatinib (ORR-6W/DCR-6W = 7.7%/79.5%), for which no known effective post-progression treatment has been established. In 111 patients who underwent a 6-week observation period, ALBI score was significantly worsened at 3 weeks after introducing Atez/Bev (-2.525 ± 0.419 vs -2.323 ± 0.445, p < .001), but then recovered at 6-weeks (-2.403 ± 0.452) as compared to 3-weeks (p = .001). During the observation period, the most common adverse events were appetite loss (all grades) (12.3%), general fatigue/hypertension (all grades) (11.1%, respectively), and urine protein (all grades) (10.5%). CONCLUSION: Atez/Bev might have therapeutic potential not only as first but also later-line treatment of existing molecular target agents. In addition, this drug combination may have less influence on hepatic function during the early period, as the present patients showed a good initial therapeutic response.

10.
Liver Cancer ; 10(2): 115-125, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33977088

RESUMO

Background/Aim: An effective postprogression treatment of lenvatinib (LEN) against unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (u-HCC) has not been established. We aimed to elucidate the clinical role of continuing LEN beyond progression of disease (PD). Methods: From March 2018 to October 2020, 99 u-HCC patients, in whom PD was confirmed (male:female = 78:21, median age 72 years, Child-Pugh A = 99, Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage A:B:C = 2:43:54, LEN as first-line = 55), were enrolled (stopped LEN at PD [A group], n = 26; continued LEN beyond PD [B group], n = 73). Radiological response was evaluated with RECIST 1.1. Clinical features and prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) were retrospectively investigated using inverse probability weighting (IPW) calculated by propensity score. Results: Median time to progression, best response, and modified albumin-bilirubin grade (mALBI) at both baseline and PD did not show significant difference between the groups. Postprogression treatment in the A group was best supportive care in 17, sorafenib in 4, regorafenib in 3, ramucirumab in 1, and hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy in 1. After adjusting with IPW, the B group showed better prognosis in regard to OS after PD and OS after introducing LEN than the A group (10.8/19.6 vs. 5.8/11.2 months, p < 0.001, respectively). In IPW-adjusted Cox hazard multivariate analysis, significant prognostic factors for OS after PD were mALBI 2b/3 at PD (HR 1.983, p = 0.021), decline of Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS) from baseline at PD (HR 3.180, p < 0.001), elevated alpha-fetoprotein (≥100 ng/mL) at introducing LEN (HR 2.511, p = 0.004), appearance of new extrahepatic metastasis (HR 2.396, p = 0.006), positive for hand-foot skin reaction (HFSR) before PD (any grade) (HR 0.292, p < 0.001), and continuing LEN beyond PD (HR 0.297, p < 0.001). Conclusion: When ECOG PS and hepatic reserve function permit, continuing LEN treatment beyond PD, especially in u-HCC patients showed HFSR during LEN treatment, might be a good therapeutic option, at least until a more effective drug as a postprogression treatment after LEN failure is developed.

11.
Gastroenterol Rep (Oxf) ; 9(2): 133-138, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34026220

RESUMO

Background: Lenvatinib is used for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (u-HCC) as first-line, as well as second- and third-line therapy in Japan. We evaluated the therapeutic efficacy of newly developed ramucirumab when given after lenvatinib for post-progression treatment. Methods: Of 385 patients with u-HCC and treated with lenvatinib at 16 different institutions in Japan between May 2018 and January 2020, 28 who received ramucirumab as the next treatment were enrolled and therapeutic responses were evaluated in a retrospective manner. Results: The median age of the 28 patients given ramucirumab was 70 years and the median albumin-bilirubin score was -2.19. Of the 28 patients, 23 were male, 21 were classified as Child-Pugh A and 7 as Child-Pugh B, and 25 were Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer Stage C. Ramucirumab was given as second-line therapy in 14, third-line in 9, and fourth-line in 5. Therapeutic response was obtained in only 26 patients; the objective response rate was 3.8% (1/26) and the disease-control rate was 42.3% (11/26), with a median period to progression of 2.0 months. The reasons for discontinuation of ramucirumab were progression of disease in 16 and Grade 3 adverse events (gastrointestinal bleeding, ascites) in 2. Conclusions: The anticipated therapeutic efficacy of ramucirumab for post-progression treatment following lenvatinib was not seen in our early experience.

12.
Hepatol Res ; 51(8): 880-889, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33837620

RESUMO

AIM: Multiple molecular agents have been developed for treating unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. This study aimed to elucidate the clinical efficacy of sequential treatment with lenvatinib after regorafenib failure. METHODS: From June 2017 to October 2020, 63 patients with Child-Pugh A and treated with regorafenib followed by sorafenib were enrolled (median age 71 years, 52 men, Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer B:C = 23:40). They were divided into two groups, those treated with lenvatinib after regorafenib treatment (R-L group, n = 47) and those who did not receive lenvatinib after regorafenib (non-R-L group, n = 16). Prognostic factors were retrospectively analyzed after adjustment with inverse probability weighting. RESULTS: Serum albumin level at the start of regorafenib and reasons for discontinuation of regorafenib were significantly different between the R-L and non-R-L groups, whereas the albumin-bilirubin score, Child-Pugh class, and tumor burden were not. Progression-free survival was also not significantly different (median 4.1 vs. 3.8 months, p = 0.586). As for overall survival, the R-L group showed better prognosis after introducing regorafenib and after introducing sorafenib, following inverse probability weighting adjustment (MST 19.7 vs. 10.3 months, 33.8 vs. 15.3 months, p < 0.001 and p = 0.022, respectively). Modified albumin-bilirubin grade 2b (score >-2.27) at the start of regorafenib (HR 2.074, p = 0.041) and the presence of lenvatinib treatment after regorafenib failure (HR 0.355, p = 0.004) were found to be significant prognostic factors in Cox proportional hazards multivariate analysis, after inverse probability weighting adjustment. CONCLUSION: These results show that lenvatinib is a good sequential treatment option after progression under regorafenib therapy in unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma patients with better hepatic reserve function.

13.
Oncology ; 99(8): 518-527, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33906189

RESUMO

AIM/BACKGROUND: Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is recommended for patients with intermediate-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, we investigated the impact of early lenvatinib administration in patients with intermediate-stage HCC, especially those with tumors beyond the up-to-7 criteria. MATERIALS/METHODS: A total of 208 patients with intermediate-stage HCC whose initial treatment was early lenvatinib administration or TACE were enrolled. Multivariate overall survival analysis was performed in this cohort. In addition, the impact of early lenvatinib administration on survival in patients with HCC beyond the up-to-7 criteria was clarified using inverse probability weighting (IPW) analysis. RESULTS: The overall cumulative survival rates at 6, 12, 18, and 24 months were 94.4, 79.9, 65.8, and 50.1%, respectively. Multivariate analysis with Cox proportional hazards modeling showed that HCC treatment with lenvatinib (hazard ratio [HR], 0.199; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.077-0.517; p < 0.001), α-fetoprotein ≥100 ng/mL (HR, 1.687), Child-Pugh class B disease (HR, 1.825), and beyond the up-to-7 criteria (HR, 2.016) were independently associated with overall survival. The 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-month cumulative survival rates were 96.0, 90.4, 65.7, and 65.7%, respectively, in patients treated with lenvatinib, and 94.1, 78.5, 65.3, and 48.4%, respectively, in patients who received TACE (p < 0.001). In addition, univariate analysis with Cox proportional hazards modeling adjusted by IPW showed that lenvatinib therapy was significantly associated with overall survival in patients with HCC beyond the up-to-7 criteria (HR, 0.230; 95% CI, 0.059-0.904; p = 0.035). CONCLUSIONS: Lenvatinib may be a suitable first-line treatment for patients with intermediate-stage HCC beyond the up-to-7 criteria.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Quimioembolização Terapêutica/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Compostos de Fenilureia/administração & dosagem , Quinolinas/administração & dosagem , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
14.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 32(2): 261-268, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32282541

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Lenvatinib, a newly developed molecularly targeted agent, has become available as a first-line therapy in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) has been associated with poor outcome in various malignancies, including HCC. In this study, we investigated the ability of PLR to predict outcomes in patients with unresectable HCC who received lenvatinib. METHODS: Multivariate survival analysis was performed in 283 patients with unresectable HCC who received lenvatinib. In addition, the utility of PLR for predicting survival was clarified using an inverse probability weighting (IPW) analysis. RESULTS: Cumulative overall survival at 100, 200, 300, 400, and 500 days was 95.2, 83.8, 68.3, 60.3, and 49.9%, respectively. Multivariate analysis with Cox proportional hazards modeling showed that PLR (≥150) [hazard ratio, 1.588; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.039-2.428; P = 0.033], α-fetoprotein level, and Barcelona clinic liver cancer stage were independently associated with overall survival. Cumulative overall survival differed significantly between patients with low versus high PLR (P = 0.029). In addition, univariate analysis with Cox proportional hazards modeling adjusted by IPW showed that PLR (≥150) (hazard ratio, 1.396; 95% CI, 1.051-1.855; P = 0.021) was significantly associated with overall survival. Conversely, univariate analysis with Cox proportional hazards modeling adjusted only by IPW showed that PLR (≥150) (hazard ratio, 1.254; 95% CI, 1.016-1.549; P = 0.035) was significantly associated with progression-free survival. PLR values were not independently associated with therapeutic responses before or after IPW-adjusted logistic regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: PLR predicted overall survival in patients with unresectable HCC who received lenvatinib.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Linfócitos , Compostos de Fenilureia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Quinolinas
15.
Nephrol Dial Transplant ; 36(6): 1097-1103, 2021 05 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009910

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing dialysis are at risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and preferably should undergo HCC surveillance. We investigated the utility of HCC tumor markers for HCC surveillance in patients undergoing dialysis. METHODS: Three serum markers specific for HCC, namely alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), Lens culinaris agglutinin A-reactive fraction of AFP (AFP-L3) and des-gamma-carboxy prothrombin (DCP), were measured in dialysis patients with and without a diagnosis of HCC (n = 60 and 507, respectively). The predictive value of each marker and that of a diagnostic score (GALAD score) based on patient age and gender as well as the same three markers were evaluated by receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, as well as sensitivity and specificity. RESULTS: AFP, DCP and the GALAD scores showed high predictive values for HCC, with areas under the ROC curve of >0.85. This effectiveness remained when focusing on small HCC (≤3 cm or ≤2 cm) or early-stage HCC (Stage I), as well as after propensity score matching of background characteristics of HCC and non-HCC patients. In particular, DCP and GALAD score had excellent predictive abilities for HCC. CONCLUSIONS: Measuring serum tumor markers for HCC can serve as a complement to imaging studies in the surveillance of HCC in patients undergoing dialysis, and reduce the likelihood of advanced HCC at detection and diagnosis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Biomarcadores , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Precursores de Proteínas , Protrombina , Diálise Renal , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
16.
Infect Dis Ther ; 10(1): 269-280, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33141401

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The real-world virological efficacy and safety of interferon-free direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy with ledipasvir (LDV) plus sofosbuvir (SOF) were assessed in patients who were chronically infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 2. METHODS: A total of 126 patients with chronic hepatitis C due to HCV genotype 2 infection who were treated with the LDV/SOF regimen were enrolled. The sustained virological response (SVR) rate and safety were analyzed. SVR was assessed in the intention-to-treat (ITT) population as well as in the modified intention-to-treat (mITT) population, which excluded patients with non-virological failure, including those who dropped out before the SVR assessment. RESULTS: The overall SVR rates of the ITT and mITT populations were 87.3% (95% confidence interval [CI] 80.2-92.6) (110/126) and 97.3% (95% CI 92.4-99.4) (110/113), respectively. In the mITT population, the percentages of patients with undetectable HCV RNA at 4, 8, and 12 weeks after the start of therapy were 92.9% (95% CI 86.5-96.9) (105/113), 99.1% (95% CI 95.2-100.0) (112/113), and 100.0% (95% CI 97.4-100.0) (113/113), respectively. Subgroup analyses of the mITT population showed no significant differences in SVR rates according to age, sex, HCV genotype (subtype), history of interferon-based therapy, baseline FIB-4 index, or baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate. In all subpopulations, the SVR rates were > 90%. There were no severe adverse events associated with the treatment. CONCLUSION: The LDV/SOF regimen showed high virological efficacy and acceptable safety in patients with HCV genotype 2 infection. TRIAL REGISTRATION: UMIN registration no. 000038604.

17.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 36(7): 1812-1819, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33171524

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: This study aimed to elucidate the clinical importance of muscle volume loss (pre-sarcopenia) in patients receiving lenvatinib as treatment for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (u-HCC). METHODS: Of 437 u-HCC patients treated with lenvatinib at specific institutions in Japan between March 2018 and May 2020, 151 with available computed tomography imaging data from the time of lenvatinib introduction were enrolled. Pre-sarcopenia was diagnosed based on a previously reported cut-off value calculation formula [psoas muscle area at level of middle of third lumbar vertebra (cm2 )/height (m)2 ]. Clinical features and prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) with inverse probability weighting were investigated retrospectively for their relationship with pre-sarcopenia. RESULTS: Cox hazard multivariate analysis showed alpha-fetoprotein (≥400 ng/mL) (hazard ratio [HR] 2.271, P < 0.001), Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer stage (C and D) (HR 1.625, P = 0.018), and positive for pre-sarcopenia (HR 1.652, P = 0.042) to be significant prognostic factors. OS rates for the pre-sarcopenia group (n = 41) were worse than those for the non-pre-sarcopenia group (n = 110) (0.5-, 1-, and 1.5-year OS: 72.5%, 27.9%, and 7.0% vs 80.7%, 56.7%, and 46.1%, respectively; P < 0.001), as was progression-free survival (P = 0.025). Time to stopping lenvatinib or disease progression was better in the non-pre-sarcopenia group (0.5-, 1-, and 1.5-year OS: 48.0%, 24.5%, and 8.4% vs 20.0%, 10.3%, and 4.2%, respectively; P < 0.001). Also, the frequency of the adverse event appetite loss (any grade) was greater in the pre-sarcopenia group (43.9% vs 18.2%, P = 0.003). CONCLUSION: Pre-sarcopenia was shown to be a significant prognostic factor in patients treated with lenvatinib for u-HCC.

18.
Infect Dis Ther ; 9(4): 851-866, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32897520

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Clinical trials of direct-acting antivirals for patients with decompensated cirrhosis have been conducted, but there is limited information on the medicinal applications in clinical settings. We aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of sofosbuvir/velpatasvir for decompensated cirrhotic patients with genotypes 1 and 2 in real-world clinical practice. METHODS: A prospective, multicenter study of 12-week sofosbuvir/velpatasvir was conducted for patients with decompensated cirrhosis at 33 institutions. RESULTS: The cohort included 71 patients (52 genotype 1, 19 genotype 2): 7 with Child-Pugh class A, 47 with class B, and 17 with class C (median score 8; range 5-13). The albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) score ranged from - 3.01 to - 0.45 (median - 1.58). Sixty-nine patients (97.2%) completed treatment as scheduled. The overall rate of sustained virologic response at 12 weeks post-treatment (SVR12) was 94.4% (67/71). SVR12 rates in the patients with Child-Pugh classes A, B, and C were 85.7%, 97.9%, and 88.2%, respectively. Among 22 patients with a history of hepatocellular carcinoma treatment, 20 (90.9%) achieved SVR12. The Child-Pugh score and ALBI grade significantly improved after achieving SVR12 (p = 7.19 × 10-4 and 2.42 × 10-4, respectively). Notably, the use of diuretics and branched-chain amino acid preparations significantly reduced after achieving SVR12. Adverse events were observed in 19.7% of the patients, leading to treatment discontinuation in two patients with cholecystitis and esophageal varices rupture, respectively. CONCLUSION: Twelve weeks of sofosbuvir/velpatasvir in real-world clinical practice yielded high SVR rates and acceptable safety profiles in decompensated cirrhotic patients with genotypes 1 and 2. Achievement of SVR not only restored the liver functional reserve but also reduced or spared the administration of drugs for related complications. TRIAL REGISTRATION: UMIN registration no, 000038587.

19.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 32(7): 877-881, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32479714

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Diabetes mellitus is a risk factor for non-B, non-C hepatocellular carcinoma (NBNC-HCC); however, the number of diabetes mellitus patients is too large to examine tumor occurrence with periodic imaging modalities. Thus, the aim of this study was to develop a novel strategy for early detection of NBNC-HCC in diabetes mellitus patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety-three diabetes mellitus patients who had a single NBNC-HCC tumor less than 2 cm in diameter were selected from 6789 HCC patients. As controls, 172 tumor-free diabetes mellitus patients were enrolled. Characteristics were compared between groups. Furthermore, the efficacy of FIB4A, a new integrated score with FIB4 and alpha-fetoprotein, was analyzed as a marker for the early diagnosis of NBNC-HCC. RESULTS: Age, percentage of males, alcohol consumption, total bilirubin, transaminases, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase, FIB4 index, alpha-fetoprotein, and des-gamma-carboxy-prothrombin were higher in NBNC-HCC patients, whereas albumin and platelet counts were higher in the diabetes mellitus control group. Among these factors, the FIB4 index showed the highest odds ratio [OR: 20.0, 95% confidence interval (CI): 9.60-41.7] followed by alpha-fetoprotein (OR: 12.8, 95% CI: 6.53-25.4). A newly developed score, FIB4A, showed the highest area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (0.959) among the factors examined. The sensitivity was 86.2% at a Youden index cutoff (3.5) and it increased to 95.4%, while keeping high specificity (70.9%) when a cutoff of 2.5 was used. CONCLUSION: FIB4A is a potential marker for early detection of NBNC-HCC in patients with diabetes mellitus. However, further studies are needed to confirm these findings.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Diabetes Mellitus , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , alfa-Fetoproteínas
20.
Oncology ; 98(5): 295-302, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32097925

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Few studies have examined the details of nutritional status in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (u-HCC) undergoing systemic chemotherapy with lenvatinib. We evaluated the prognostic/predictive value of nutritional status using Onodera's prognostic nutritional index (O-PNI) for overall survival among patients with u-HCC treated with lenvatinib. METHODS: Three-hundred and seventy-five u-HCC patients treated with lenvatinib were enrolled (median age 72 years; Child-Pugh class A/B/C: n = 312/60/3; BCLC stage A/B/C/D: n = 2/159/212/2). We examined median survival time (MST) and time to progression (TTP) in all patients (n = 375), prognosis according to the O-PNI (high/low: >40/≤40) in 298 patients with lymphocyte findings, and the prognostic/predictive values of Child-Pugh stage, albumin-bilirubin (ALBI)/modified ALBI (mALBI) grade, and O-PNI for Chemotherapy grade (OPNIC grade 1/2/3: O-PNI >40/≤40 to >36/≤36). RESULTS: The MST and TTP were 16.6 and 8.0 months, respectively. The MST and TTP according to the O-PNI (>40/≤40) were "not reached" (NR)/12.4 months (p < 0.001) and 10.0/6.1 months (p = 0.012), respectively. There was a good correlation noted between ALBI score and O-PNI (r = -0.939, p < 0.001). The predictive value of the O-PNI for mALBI grade 2a was 36.0 (specificity/sensitivity = 0.894/0.942; area under the curve [AUC] = 0.978), while that for mALBI grade 1 was 39 (specificity/sensitivity = 0.920/0.929; AUC = 0.972), which was very similar to a high O-PNI. The MST analyzed with the OPNIC in the 298 patients was NR/16.2/10.4 months for OPNIC grade 1/2/3 (p < 0.001), respectively, and the c-index was 0.632, the same as that for mALBI grade (0.632), while that for Child-Pugh class was 0.571. CONCLUSIONS: OPNIC grading might have a potential for easy substitution of mALBI grading. A good nutritional status (OPNIC grade 1) or mALBI grade 1 is the best indication for lenvatinib use, while with an OPNIC grade 3, lenvatinib might be not suitable.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Compostos de Fenilureia/uso terapêutico , Quinolinas/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Bilirrubina/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Testes de Função Hepática/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Masculino , Avaliação Nutricional , Prognóstico , Albumina Sérica Humana/metabolismo
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