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1.
Connect Tissue Res ; 2021 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33602048

RESUMO

AIMS: Several studies have used animal models to examine knee joint contracture; however, few reports detail the construction process of a knee joint contracture model in a mouse. The use of mouse models is beneficial, as genetically modified mice can be used to investigate the pathogenesis of joint contracture. Compared to others, mouse models are associated with a lower cost to evaluate therapeutic effects. Here, we describe a novel knee contracture mouse model by immobilization using external fixation. METHODS: The knee joints of mice were immobilized by external fixation using a splint and tape. The passive extension range of motion (ROM), histological and immunohistochemical changes, and expression levels of fibrosis-related genes at 2 and 4 weeks were compared between the immobilized (Im group) and non-immobilized (Non-Im group) groups. RESULTS: The extension ROM at 4 weeks was significantly lower in the Im group than in the Non-Im group (p < 0.01). At 2 and 4 weeks, the thickness and area of the joint capsule were significantly greater in the Im group than in the Non-Im group (p < 0.01 in all cases). At 2 weeks, the mRNA expression levels of the fibrosis-related genes, except for the transforming growth factor-ß1, and the protein levels of cellular communication network factor 2 and vimentin in the joint capsule were significantly higher in the Im group (p < 0.01 in all cases). CONCLUSION: This mouse model may serve as a useful tool to investigate the etiology of joint contracture and establish new treatment methods.

2.
Neurosci Res ; 2021 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33440224

RESUMO

Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) modulates pain. Studies have indicated that TRPV1 is upregulated in the spinal dorsal horn in the neuropathic pain model, but its mechanism is unknown. Here, we examined the mechanism by which TRPV1 modulates neuropathic pain by employing partial sciatic nerve ligation (pSNL) in adult male C57BL/6 J (wild-type: WT) and TRPV1 knockout (Trpv1-/-) mice. We analyzed mechanical/heat sensitivities (von Frey test/hot plate test) and glial/neuronal activities (Iba-1/GFAP/FosB by immunofluorescence) in laminae I and II in the L5 ipsilateral dorsal horn of the spinal cord. Mechanical/heat sensitivities, expression levels of microglial Iba-1 and astrocytic GFAP, and the number of FosB-positive neurons were significantly increased on days 7 and 14 in the pSNL group compared with the sham-operated and non-operated groups of both WT and Trpv1-/- mice. While mechanical sensitivity was comparable between WT and Trpv1-/- mice, the threshold against heat sensitivity was markedly prolonged in Trpv1-/- than WT mice on day 14 after pSNL. Conversely, the increment of FosB positive neurons was significantly attenuated in Trpv1-/- than WT mice on days 7 and 14 after pSNL. These results suggest that TRPV1 may modulate thermal perception via increased astrocytes in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord.

3.
Int J Infect Dis ; 102: 73-78, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33065296

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the factors associated with mortality among patients with necrotizing soft-tissue infection (NSTI) in Japan using inpatient data from the Diagnosis Procedure Combination (DPC) Database. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using a population retrieved from the Japanese DPC inpatient database of patients who underwent surgical operations from 2014 through 2017. The associations between the covariates and mortality were estimated using multivariate logistic regression models. RESULTS: In total, 4597 patients were registered in this study, with an overall mortality rate of 6.9%. Multilevel logistic regression analysis revealed that higher age, lower body mass index (BMI<18.5kg/m2), pre-existing cancer diagnosis, sepsis at admission, maintenance dialysis, antithrombin III use, and anti-methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) antibiotic use were associated with a high mortality rate among NSTI patients. However, sex, underlying diabetes mellitus, ambulance use at admission, intravenous immunoglobulin use, higher hospital case volume, and frequency of operations were not associated with mortality. CONCLUSION: This study is the first to report the association of lower BMI, antithrombin III use, and anti-MRSA antibiotic use with a higher mortality rate among NSTI patients.

4.
Bone Rep ; 13: 100718, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33024798

RESUMO

This study aimed to clarify whether novel cotton-like composite made of ß-tricalcium phosphate (ß-TCP) and poly(Dl-lactide-co-glycolide) (PDLGA) has a different effect on in vivo bone regeneration after bone defect than that of granular ß-TCP. Five male Beagle dogs served as subjects. Cortical and medullary bone defect as non-through holes were made at the diaphysis of the bilateral femurs. One side was implanted with ß-TCP/PDLGA (ß-TCP/PDLGA group) and the other side was implanted with granular ß-TCP (ß-TCP group). At 4 weeks after implantation, we found no significant differences in the percentages of newly formed bone area and fibrous tissue area in the bone defect between the two groups. The ß-TCP/PDLGA group showed more uniform filling on the surface and earlier disappearance of the material in the medullary region, and there were fewer inflammatory cells and osteoclasts in the bone defect in the ß-TCP/PDLGA group. In conclusion, ß-TCP/PDLGA performs better at filling the bone defect uniformly and disappears earlier at the cortical and medullary regions while causing less inflammation and bone resorption. Although bone formation activity of the ß-TCP/PDLGA group in the cortical region was lower, the newly formed bone volume in bone defect of the ß-TCP/PDLGA group was equal to that of the ß-TCP group.

5.
J Neuroendocrinol ; 32(8): e12892, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32761684

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) causes chronic joint pain and significantly impacts daily activities. Hence, developing novel treatment options for OA has become an increasingly important area of research. Recently, studies have reported that exogenous, as well as endogenous, hypothalamic-neurohypophysial hormones, oxytocin (OXT) and arginine-vasopressin (AVP), significantly contribute to nociception modulation. Moreover, the parvocellular OXT neurone (parvOXT) extends its projection to the superficial spinal dorsal horn, where it controls the transmission of nociceptive signals. Meanwhile, AVP produced in the magnocellular AVP neurone (magnAVP) is released into the systemic circulation where it contributes to pain management at peripheral sites. The parvocellular AVP neurone (parvAVP), as well as corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH), suppresses inflammation via activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis. Previously, we confirmed that the OXT/AVP system is activated in rat models of pain. However, the roles of endogenous hypothalamic-neurohypophysial hormones in OA have not yet been characterised. In the present study, we investigated whether the OXT/AVP system is activated in a knee OA rat model. Our results show that putative parvOXT is activated and the amount of OXT-monomeric red fluorescent protein 1 positive granules in the ipsilateral superficial spinal dorsal horn increases in the knee OA rat. Furthermore, both magnAVP and parvAVP are activated, concurrent with HPA axis activation, predominantly modulated by AVP, and not CRH. The OXT/AVP system in OA rats was similar to that in systemic inflammation models, including adjuvant arthritis; however, magnocellular OXT neurones (magnOXT) were not activated in OA. Hence, localised chronic pain conditions, such as knee OA, activate the OXT/AVP system without impacting magnOXT.

6.
J Bone Miner Metab ; 38(6): 894-902, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32656645

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Rapid descent in bone mineral density (BMD) and ascent in bone turnover marker (BTM) occur within the short period following denosumab (Dmab) discontinuation. In addition, the incidence of vertebral fracture also rises within the short period. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of sequential therapy using zoledronic acid (ZOL) on any adverse events after Dmab discontinuation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a multicenter retrospective observational study, and the subjects were osteoporosis patients who visited our institutions between 2013 and 2018. We performed sequential therapy using ZOL for 30 patients who had difficulty continuing Dmab, due to physical or social reasons, and investigated the fracture incidence and BMD/BTM changes at 4 time points (at the start of Dmab, the start of ZOL, 6 months after ZOL and 12 months after ZOL). RESULTS: No new vertebral/nonvertebral fractures were observed at each time point after switching from Dmab to ZOL in any of the 30 patients. The BMD/BTM changes were evaluated in 18 of the 30 cases, since all data of lumbar/femoral neck BMDs and TRACP-5b at 4 time points was only available in 18 cases. BMDs significantly increased at each time point compared with that at the start of Dmab. Serum TRACP-5b significantly decreased at each time point compared with that at the start of Dmab. CONCLUSION: It was suggested that sequential therapy using ZOL could suppress the decrease of BMD, and increase of BTM, if the period of Dmab administration was less than 3 years.


Assuntos
Denosumab/uso terapêutico , Suspensão de Tratamento , Ácido Zoledrônico/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Densidade Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Remodelação Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Denosumab/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Fraturas Ósseas/sangue , Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia , Fraturas Ósseas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fosfatase Ácida Resistente a Tartarato/sangue , Ácido Zoledrônico/efeitos adversos
7.
J UOEH ; 42(2): 167-173, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32507840

RESUMO

The distinction between bacterial infectious and noninfectious arthritis is typically challenging in the early stages; however, it is critical for treatment decision making. Here, we investigated the diagnostic relevance of alpha- and beta-defensin levels in serum and synovial fluid as biomarkers of joint infection in patients presenting with fever and arthritis. The study included 12 patients who presented with fever (≥37°C) and arthritis (pain in the knee or hip joint). The diagnostic criteria for periprosthetic joint infection proposed by the Musculoskeletal Infection Society were used to detect joint infection and categorize the patients into infection and non-infection groups. Alpha-defensin-1 and beta-defensin-3 levels in serum and synovial fluid were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. No significant between-group difference was observed with respect to serum alpha-defensin-1 levels; however, synovial fluid alpha-defensin-1 levels were significantly higher in the infection group (33.6 ± 26.2 ng/ml) than in the non-infection group (0.9 ± 0.4 ng/ml). No significant between-group differences were observed with respect to serum or synovial fluid beta-defensin-3 levels. Furthermore, synovial fluid alpha-defensin-1 levels were increased in patients without prosthesis in the infection group. In conclusion, in patients with fever and arthritis, synovial fluid alpha-defensin-1 levels were significantly higher in patients with infectious arthritis than in those with noninfectious arthritis. Therefore, synovial fluid alpha-defensin-1 levels is a useful diagnostic marker for joint infection.


Assuntos
Artrite/diagnóstico , Líquido Sinovial/química , alfa-Defensinas/análise , Biomarcadores/análise , Humanos
8.
Bone Rep ; 12: 100268, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32373678

RESUMO

Calcium balance is important in bone homeostasis. The transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV) channel is a nonselective cation channel permeable to calcium and is activated by various physiological and pharmacological stimuli. TRPV1 and TRPV4, in particular, have important roles in intracellular Ca2+ signaling and extracellular calcium homeostasis in bone cells. TRPV1 and TRPV4 separately mediate osteoclast and osteoblast differentiation, and deficiency in any of these channels leads to increased bone mass. However, it remains unknown whether bone mass increases in the absence of both TRPV1 and TRPV4. In this study, we used TRPV1 and TRPV4 double knockout (DKO) mice to evaluate their bone mass in vivo, and osteoclast and osteoblast differentiation in vitro. Our results showed that DKO mice and wild type (WT) mice had no significant difference in body weight and femur length. However, the results of dual-energy X-ray absorption, microcomputed tomography, and bone histomorphometry clearly showed that DKO mice had higher bone mass than WT mice. Furthermore, DKO mice had less multinucleated osteoclasts and had lower bone resorption. In addition, the results of cell culture using flushed bone marrow from mouse femurs and tibias showed that osteoclast differentiation was suppressed, whereas osteoblast differentiation was promoted in DKO mice. In conclusion, our results suggest that the increase in bone mass in DKO mice was induced not only by the suppression of osteoclast differentiation and activity but also by the augmentation of osteoblast differentiation and activity. Our findings reveal that both the single deficiency of TRPVs and the concurrent deficiency of TRPVs result in an increase in bone mass. Furthermore, our data showed that DKO mice and single KO mice had varying approaches to osteoclast and osteoblast differentiation in vitro, and therefore, it is important to conduct further studies on TRPVs regarding the increase in bone mass to explore not only individual but also a combination of TRPVs.

9.
Bone ; 136: 115370, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32325250

RESUMO

Aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) is the enzyme that oxidizes the acetaldehyde produced by alcohol metabolism. This variant not only affects the response to alcohol but is also associated with several diseases, such as esophageal cancer, myocardial infarction, and particularly osteoporosis. In our previous study, we reported that compared to wild-type (WT) mice, Aldh2 knockout (KO) mice naturally have a strong bone formation ability, and high expression of parathyroid hormone receptor (PTHR1) in osteocytes. The effect of the Aldh2 gene on bone metabolism in response to intermittent PTH treatment is unknown. The purpose of this study was to clarify the effect of the Aldh2 gene on the bone anabolic response to intermittent PTH treatment in ovariectomized mice. Female KO and WT mice were ovariectomized at 8 weeks of age. At 14 weeks of age, the KO and WT mice were divided into vehicle-treated (Veh) and PTH-treated (PTH) groups (i.e., the WT-Veh, WT-PTH, KO-Veh and KO-PTH groups). PTH (1-34) and vehicle were subcutaneously administered to each group at a dose of 40 µg/kg body weight (BW) five times per week for 4 weeks. Micro-CT showed that the bone volume (BV), trabecular number (Tb.N), connectivity density (Conn.D), and cortical thickness (Ct.Th) values in the KO-PTH mice were significantly higher than those in the KO-Veh mice. Histomorphometric analysis showed that the BV, Tb.N, and mineral apposition rate (MAR) values in the KO-PTH group were significantly higher than those in the KO-Veh group. The mRNA expression level of PTHR1 in the KO-PTH group was significantly increased and that of p21 in the KO-PTH group was significantly decreased compared with the levels in the KO-Veh group. The expression of PTHR in osteocytes from the KO-PTH group was also significantly increased compared with that in osteocytes from the KO-Veh group. Furthermore, cell cultures revealed that the ALP+CFU-f/total CFU-f percentage was significantly higher in the KO-PTH group than in the KO-Veh group. We concluded that in ovariectomized Aldh2 KO mice, the bone anabolic response to intermittent PTH treatment was significantly enhanced compared to that in WT mice, which may be mediated by the high expression level of PTHR1.

10.
Arthroscopy ; 36(8): 2122-2133, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32259644

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To establish the characteristics of synovium-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from the hip joints of patients with femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS) and osteoarthritis (OA), particularly their proliferation and differentiation potentials. We further investigated their functional differences. METHODS: Synovium samples were harvested from 21 patients with FAIS who underwent hip arthroscopic surgery and from 14 patients with OA who underwent total hip arthroplasty. The MSC number, colony-forming units, cell viability, and differentiation potential were compared. Real-time polymerase chain reaction assessed the differentiation potential into adipose, bone, and cartilage tissues. RESULTS: The number of colonies at a density of 104 at passage 0 from OA synovium was significantly greater than that from FAIS synovium (P < .01). However, their proliferation and viability were significantly lower than those of FAIS synovium cells (P = .0495). The expression of lipoprotein lipase mRNA in OA synovium cells was greater than that in FAIS synovium cells (P < .01). Meanwhile, the fraction of colonies positive for von Kossa and alkaline phosphatase staining, as well as the level of bone gamma-carboxyglutamate protein expression in OA synovium cells, were greater than those in FAIS synovium cells (P < .01). In chondrogenic pellet culture experiments, the expression of COL10A1 mRNA was lower in OA synovium than in FAIS synovium (P < .01). CONCLUSIONS: Synovial MSCs from patients with OA had greater colony numbers but less viability and proliferative potential. They also showed greater osteogenic and adipogenic potentials, whereas those from patients with FAIS showed greater chondrogenic potential. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: MSCs from patients with FAIS exhibited good potential as cell sources for stem cell therapy in case of cartilage damage in the hip joint.

11.
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) ; 45(13): E792-E798, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044809

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify predictors for latent myelopathy and to develop a diagnostic protocol based on these factors. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: There is no diagnostic protocol for latent myelopathy to avoid misdiagnosis in patients complaining only of lower extremity symptoms. METHODS: This case-control study identified 791 patients discussed at conferences from April 2006 to August 2012. Overall, 460 patients complaining only of lower extremity symptoms and who underwent spine surgery were included as participants; 54 underwent surgery involving the cervical and thoracic vertebrae and were assigned to the cervical-thoracic group (C-T group); 406 underwent lumbar surgery and were assigned to the lumbar group (L group). RESULTS: By univariate analysis, age ≥67 years, patellar tendon (PT) hyperreflexia, Achilles tendon (AT) hyperreflexia, spastic gait, and gait inability were more common in the C-T group than in the L group. By multivariate analysis, age ≥67 years (OR, 8; P = 0.001), AT hyperreflexia (OR, 20.5; P < 0.001), spastic gait (OR, 225; P < 0.001), and gait inability (OR, 64; P < 0.001) were significant predictive factors. In patients with age ≥67 years, PT hyperreflexia, and/or AT hyperreflexia, the sensitivity for myelopathy diagnosis was 98%. In patients with spastic gait or gait inability, the specificity of myelopathy diagnosis was 96%. CONCLUSIONS: We analyzed factors that predict latent myelopathy in patients complaining only of lower extremity symptoms. We believe a diagnostic protocol based on the predictors shown in this study would contribute to the accurate diagnosis of latent myelopathy. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4.


Assuntos
Extremidade Inferior , Doenças da Medula Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças da Medula Óssea , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Erros de Diagnóstico , Feminino , Marcha , Transtornos Neurológicos da Marcha , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Doenças da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Vértebras Torácicas
12.
J Orthop Res ; 38(3): 609-619, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31608494

RESUMO

We aimed to investigate whether post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) progression is appropriately represented by a PTOA mouse model using a unique climbing cage to add mechanical loading after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) transection and to determine how Hedgehog signaling inhibition prevents PTOA progression by observing time-dependent morphological changes. This controlled laboratory study histologically compared mice with surgically-induced ACL transection (ACLT) and those with voluntary increased activity in a climbing cage from 1 week postoperatively (ACLT + climbing). We generated conditional knockout (cKO) mice with a deleted Smoothened (Smo) gene. Time-dependent histopathological, immunohistochemical, and gene expression analyses were performed. The ACLT + climbing group showed more severe cartilage defects and massive osteophyte formation than the ACLT group. Smo deletion significantly suppressed PTOA progression. The time-dependent assessment revealed cartilaginous processes of equivalent size at the posterior tibial margin in the Smo cKO and control mice at 4 weeks postoperatively. However, at 8 weeks postoperatively, mature ossifying lesions were detected in the controls but not in Smo cKO mice. In the articular cartilage, ADAMTS5 and RUNX2 expression were observed in hypertrophic chondrocytes near the defective cartilage in controls but not in Smo cKO mice. Climbing exercise after ACLT accelerated PTOA progression more severely not only through increasing joint instability induced by ACLT but also through mechanical loading force induced by climbing exercise. Hedgehog signaling inhibition attenuated PTOA progression by suppressing chondrocyte hypertrophy induced by mechanical loads, to which ACL-deficient athletes are usually exposed. Thus, Hedgehog signaling inhibition may be a therapeutic option to prevent arthritic changes in athletes. © 2019 Orthopaedic Research Society. Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 38:609-619, 2020.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/patologia , Cartilagem Articular/patologia , Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Receptor Smoothened/metabolismo , Proteína ADAMTS5/metabolismo , Animais , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Articulação do Joelho/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Osteoartrite/genética , Condicionamento Físico Animal , Receptor Smoothened/genética , Tíbia/fisiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões
13.
J UOEH ; 41(4): 409-416, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31866658

RESUMO

We describe a case of periprosthetic femoral fracture with 5 major features of an atypical femoral fracture (AFF) and localized cortical thickening at the fracture site, which is characteristic of an AFF. An 81-year-old female patient had undergone cementless total hip arthroplasty for a right femoral neck fracture at the age of 66, and had been taking oral alendronate since then. At the age of 79, she developed spontaneous right thigh pain. Radiographs showed lateral cortical thickening and pedestal formation around the end of the femoral component. She was advised to discontinue oral alendronate and change to eldecalcitol. At the age of 81, she developed sudden severe pain when standing up from a seated position and was not able to walk. Radiographs showed a periprosthetic femoral fracture with 5 major features of AFF at the site of localized cortical thickening. We diagnosed a Vancouver type B1 periprosthetic femoral fracture. She underwent open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) with an NCB® Periprosthetic Femur Plate System with cable grips. Daily subcutaneous injection of teriparatide and low intensity pulsed ultrasound therapy were performed to stimulate bone healing. She was able to walk without assistance at 4 months after ORIF. Radiographs showed adequate bridging callus and a disappearing fracture line. This case was diagnosed as a periprosthetic atypical femoral fracture (PAFF), because a periprosthetic fracture is excluded from the definition of AFF. Similar to AFF, PAFF exhibits poor clinical outcomes. The approach to treating PAFF should be decided after considering the pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Fraturas do Fêmur , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos
14.
Am J Sports Med ; 47(9): 2029-2037, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31233328

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The acetabular labrum plays important roles in proprioception, nociception, synovial fluid seal effect, and static and dynamic joint stability and as a shock absorber. Clinical and radiographic risk factors for unsalvageable labral tear in femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) are not well established. PURPOSE: To identify predictors of unsalvageable labral tear during initial hip arthroscopic management of FAI. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: Patients were included who underwent primary hip arthroscopic treatment for FAI between March 2009 and March 2014. Patients were excluded who had <2-year follow-up, underwent bilateral surgery, or had a history of surgery, osteoarthritis (Tönnis grade 2 or 3), and other diagnoses, including lateral center-edge angle <25° diagnosed as developmental hip dysplasia. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to their labral condition: reconstruction and refixation. Unsalvageable labral tear was defined as any irreparable labral tear, including severe degenerative tear, frayed labrum, labral ossification, flattened labrum, and failed prior repair during surgery. Univariate and multivariate analyses identified risk factors for segmental labral reconstruction. Patient-reported outcome scores and postoperative revision rates were also assessed. RESULTS: Twenty-five hips (18 male, 7 female) and 126 hips (65 male, 61 female) were included in the reconstruction and refixation groups, respectively. The mean ± SD ages were 52.6 ± 15.0 and 36.5 ± 16.1 years in the reconstruction and refixation groups, respectively. In the reconstruction group, the mean modified Harris Hip Score significantly improved from 67.3 ± 14.9 preoperatively to 95.0 ± 8.1 at final follow-up (P < .001), and the mean Nonarthritic Hip Score improved from 63.0 ± 18.3 preoperatively to 89.5 ± 10.1 at final follow-up (P < .001). In the refixation group, the mean modified Harris Hip Score significantly improved from 69.2 ± 18.6 preoperatively to 93.0 ± 11.2 at final follow-up (P < .001), and the mean Nonarthritic Hip Score improved from 60.7 ± 18.8 preoperatively to 88.6 ± 15.0 at final follow-up (P < .001). No significant difference was noted in patient-reported outcome scores and revision hip arthroscopy rates. The rate of conversion of total hip arthroplasty was higher in the reconstruction group than in the refixation group. Risk factors for unsalvageable labral tear were age ≥45 years (odds ratio [OR], 8.83; P < .007), body mass index ≥23.1 kg/m2 (OR, 13.05; P < .001), and vertical center anterior angle ≥36° (OR, 19.03; P < .001). Furthermore, in this study, unsalvageable labral tears were present in cases with at least 2 of the 3 risk factors. CONCLUSION: Age ≥45 years, body mass index ≥23.1 kg/m2, and vertical center anterior angle ≥36° are risk factors for unsalvageable labral tear at initial hip arthroscopic surgery for patients with FAI.


Assuntos
Artroscopia , Cartilagem Articular/diagnóstico por imagem , Cartilagem Articular/lesões , Impacto Femoroacetabular/diagnóstico por imagem , Impacto Femoroacetabular/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Artroplastia de Quadril , Cartilagem Articular/cirurgia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Impacto Femoroacetabular/patologia , Articulação do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reoperação , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
15.
Int J Med Sci ; 16(3): 416-423, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30911276

RESUMO

Background: We recently reported that WNT10A plays a pivotal role in wound healing by regulating collagen expression/synthesis, as the depletion of WNT10A dramatically delays skin ulcer formation. WNT signaling also has a close correlation with the cancer microenvironment and proliferation, since tumors are actually considered to be 'unhealing' or 'overhealing' wounds. To ascertain the in vivo regulatory functions of WNT10A in tumor growth, we examined the net effects of WNT10A depletion using Wnt10a-deficient mice (Wnt10a -/-). Methods and Results: We subjected C57BL/6J wild-type (WT) or Wnt10a -/- mice to murine melanoma B16-F10 cell transplantation. Wnt10a -/- mice showed a significantly smaller volume of transplanted melanoma as well as fewer microvessels and less collagen expression and more necrosis than WT mice. Conclusions: Taken together, our observations suggest that critical in vivo roles of Wnt10a-depleted anti-stromagenesis prevent tumor growth, in contrast with true wound healing/scarring.


Assuntos
Colágeno/metabolismo , Melanoma Experimental/patologia , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Proteínas Wnt/genética , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Deleção de Genes , Masculino , Melanoma Experimental/irrigação sanguínea , Melanoma Experimental/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Microvasos/metabolismo , Microvasos/patologia , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Neoplasias Cutâneas/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias Cutâneas/metabolismo , Células Estromais/patologia , Proteínas Wnt/metabolismo
16.
Bone ; 120: 114-124, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30342225

RESUMO

Although it is suggested that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and bone are related, almost all of the pathological mechanisms of COPD-related osteoporosis remain unknown. There is a mouse model showing a deterioration of bone quality after cigarette smoke exposure; however, in smoking exposure models, various factors exist that affect bone metabolism, such as smoking and body weight loss (muscle and fat mass loss). We considered it appropriate to use an elastase-induced emphysema model to exclude factors influencing bone metabolism and to investigate the influence of pulmonary emphysema on bone metabolism. The purpose of this study was to establish a COPD/emphysema-related osteoporosis mouse model by using the elastase-induced emphysema model. The lumbar vertebrae and femurs/tibiae exhibited trabecular bone loss and impaired osteogenic activity in 24-week-old male elastase-induced emphysema model mice. In addition, the model mice showed atrophy of type I muscle fibers without atrophy of type II muscle fibers. We believe that the mice described in this experimental protocol will be accepted as a COPD/emphysema-related osteoporosis mouse model and contribute to further investigations.


Assuntos
Reabsorção Óssea/complicações , Fibras Musculares Esqueléticas/patologia , Osteogênese , Osteoporose/complicações , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Enfisema Pulmonar/induzido quimicamente , Enfisema Pulmonar/complicações , Animais , Atrofia , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Peso Corporal , Densidade Óssea , Osso e Ossos/metabolismo , Osso e Ossos/patologia , Osso Esponjoso/diagnóstico por imagem , Osso Esponjoso/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Tamanho do Órgão , Elastase Pancreática , Microtomografia por Raio-X
17.
Bone ; 120: 75-84, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30315998

RESUMO

Wnt10a is a member of the WNT family. Although deficiency of this gene causes symptoms related to teeth, hair, nails, and skin, we recently demonstrated a new phenotype of Wnt10a knockout (KO) mice involving bone and fat. The in vivo effect of the Wnt10a gene on bone and fat is unclear, and the relationship between bone/fat and muscle in Wnt10a signaling is also interesting. We aimed to evaluate the tissue changes in Wnt10a KO mice compared to wild-type mice and show the findings as a starting point to unravel the underlying mechanisms of in vivo interactions involving Wnt10a in bone, fat and muscle. Trabecular bone loss in the lower limbs of Wnt10a mice and decreased bone mineralization were observed. The adipose tissue in bone marrow was also decreased, and adipocyte differentiation was reduced. The body fat mass in Wnt10a KO mice was decreased, and white adipocytes in subcutaneous fat were converted to beige adipocytes. The muscle weight of the lower limbs was not decreased despite trabecular bone loss, but Gdf8/myostatin expression was reduced in the subcutaneous fat and gastrocnemius muscles of Wnt10a KO mice. Thus, in vivo deletion of Wnt10a inhibited osteogenic activity, promoted beige adipogenesis of white adipocytes and maintained muscle mass. These results suggest that regulation of Gdf8 by Wnt10a may help maintain the muscle mass of Wnt10a KO mice. This study was the first to histologically evaluate the bone, fat and muscle phenotypes of Wnt10a KO mice. The results of this study, which were obtained by investigating the three tissues together, could influence the understanding of in vivo interactions involving the Wnt10a gene.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Osso e Ossos/metabolismo , Músculos/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Proteínas Wnt/metabolismo , Adipogenia , Animais , Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Células da Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Deleção de Genes , Camundongos Knockout , Modelos Biológicos , Miostatina/metabolismo , Tamanho do Órgão , Osteogênese , Ligação Proteica
18.
J Orthop Sci ; 24(3): 434-440, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30392714

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the short-term efficacy and safety of collagenase injection for Dupuytren's contracture and of our post-injection therapy protocol alternative the instruction of phase III studies at clinical setting. METHODS: The retrospective study included 23 fingers of 21 hands of 18 patients for primary metacarpophalangeal (MP) joints and 11 fingers of 10 hands of 10 patients for primary proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joints with Dupuytren's contracture who were treated with 0.58 mg collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH) injections at our hospital consecutively from September 2015 to October 2017. The mean age of the patients was 73.0 years (range, 57-88) for primary MP joints and 70.7 years (61-81) for primary PIP joints. Following standard CCH injection and manipulation on the next day, certified hand surgeons evaluated and treated each patient based on a defined 4-week therapy protocol that consisted of performing finger exercises during the day and wearing static extension splint at night for all cases, and of wearing Capener dynamic splint intervention to address severely contracted PIP joints. We measured the degree of contracture at baseline, immediately, 4 weeks, and 12 weeks after the last manipulation. RESULTS: More improvement of contracture was seen in the MP joints than in the PIP joints. For the five fingers severely contracted and treated with Capener splint intervention, the mean passive PIP joint contracture was 62.0° at baseline, 21.0° immediately, further improved to 6.0° by 4 weeks, and maintained 8.0° by 12 weeks after the last manipulation. The adverse events were mild-to-moderate local reactions in the injected hand. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical efficacy and safety of CCH were confirmed in a clinical setting similar to phase III studies. The improvement of 4-week-intervention was maintained at 12 weeks after the last manipulation. Severely contracted PIP joints could benefit from Capener splint intervention.


Assuntos
Contratura de Dupuytren/tratamento farmacológico , Contratura de Dupuytren/reabilitação , Terapia por Exercício , Colagenase Microbiana/administração & dosagem , Contenções , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos Clínicos , Contratura de Dupuytren/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Articulações dos Dedos/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Injeções Intralesionais , Masculino , Articulação Metacarpofalângica/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
J UOEH ; 40(4): 307-312, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30568082

RESUMO

We report a case of rapidly progressive osteolysis and a very large cystic lesion that destroyed the inner table of the iliac bone following cementless total hip arthroplasty (THA). A 59-year-old female patient developed left hip pain at 11 years after THA. Osteolysis surrounding the acetabular cup was pointed out. She was brought to our hospital by ambulance due to severe left hip pain at 12 years after THA. Computed tomography (CT) showed that a cystic lesion in the pelvic cavity had destroyed the inner table of the iliac bone. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a high signal intensity area of the hemorrhagic cystic lesion in the iliac bone in both T1-weighted and T2-weighted images. She underwent a liner and femoral head exchange, and required bone grafting and revision of the cup. The cystic lesion was removed and block-like allograft bone grafts were stuffed into the bone defects. If osteolysis and cystic lesions occur at the same time, not only the bone area around the implant but also a distant area like the inner table of the iliac bone may be destroyed. Additional tests such as CT or MRI may be useful to detect the presence of distant or cystic lesions. Early diagnosis and treatment are important because severe complications may occur in cases where osteolysis and cystic lesions coexist after THA.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Cistos/cirurgia , Ílio/cirurgia , Osteólise/cirurgia , Cistos/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteólise/complicações , Osteólise/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Clin Rheumatol ; 37(10): 2897, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30178170

RESUMO

The above article originally published with an error present in Table 2 and is now presented correctly in this article.

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