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1.
Phytochemistry ; 192: 112960, 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598045

RESUMO

Seven undescribed condensation derivatives of 4-isopropylbenzaldehyde with acetophenone, including one 1,3,5-trisubstituted pentane-1,5-dione, two 1,3,4,5,7-pentasubstituted heptane-1,7-diones and four 1,2,3,4,5-pentasubstituted cyclohexanols, together with two known flavonoids, were obtained from the red alga Laurencia tristicha. The relative configurations were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic data analysis of MS, 1D and 2D NMR, while the absolute configurations were determined by comparing the experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism spectra. All the isolates were proven to be naturally occurring in the red alga by LC-MS analysis, and these 1,3,5-trisubstituted-pentane-1,5-dione, 1,3,4,5,7-pentasubstituted-heptane-1,7-diones and 1,2,3,4,5-pentasubstituted-cyclohexanols were reported from natural sources for the first time. The proposed biogenetic pathway of the isolates was also discussed.

2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(18): 4841-4848, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581096

RESUMO

Longxue Tongluo Capsules(LTC) has good efficacy against blood stasis syndrome during the recovery period of ischemic stroke. Its main active ingredient is the phenolic extract of Chinese dragon's blood. In our previous study, the primary mass fragmentation pathways of phenolic derivatives from LTC were clarified. Herein, the metabolites in rat plasma were characterized following the oral administration of loureirin A and loureirin C using liquid chromatography coupled with hybrid ion trap/time-of-flight mass spectro-metry(LC-IT-TOF-MS), with 18 and 55 metabolites identified, respectively. On this basis, with the help of the obtained accurate molecular weight, characteristic fragment ions, reference comparison, combined with LTC database and natural products database self-created in our group, 18 prototypes and 106 metabolites were tentatively identified in rat plasma after oral gavage of LTC at a dose of 500 mg·kg~(-1). Glucuronidation, sulfonation, and methylation were major biotransformation pathways of LTC. This study preliminarily clarified the LTC constituents absorbed into blood and laid the foundation for clarifying the effective substances of LTC.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Administração Oral , Animais , Cápsulas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Ratos
3.
Chin J Nat Med ; 19(9): 713-720, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34561084

RESUMO

There are two source plants for the traditional Chinese medicine Murrayae Folium et Cacumen (MFC) in Chinese Pharmacopoeia, i.e. Murraya exotica L. and M. paniculata (L.) Jack. Herein, a chemical comparison of M. exotica and M. paniculata by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprint analysis coupled with chemometrics and network pharmacology was performed. The main peaks in the fingerprints were identified by liquid chromatography coupled with ion trap/time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-IT-TOF-MS) and authenticated by references. The chemometrics results showed that the HPLC fingerprints of these two species were clearly divided into two categories using hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) and principal component analysis (PCA), and a total of 13 significantly differentiated markers were screened out by orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA). However, the following network pharmacology analysis showed that these discriminated markers were found to act via many common targets and metabolic pathways, indicating the possibly similar pharmacological effects and mechanisms for M. exotica and M. paniculata. The above results provide valuable evidence for the equivalent use of these two plants in clinical settings. Moreover, the chromatographic fingerprint analysis coupled with chemometrics and network pharmacology supplies an efficient approach for the comparative analysis of multi-source TCMs like MFC.

4.
Fitoterapia ; 154: 105029, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506872

RESUMO

Four new chalchonoid trimers, named cochinchinenins N-Q (1-4), along with a pair of known enantiomers (5-6), were isolated from the total phenolic extract of Chinese dragon's blood (the red resin of Dracaena cochinchinensis). The planar structures of 1-4 were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis including HRESIMS and 1D/2D NMR. The absolute configurations of new compounds were established by ECD data. Compound 1 exhibited significant inhibition of nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated BV-2 microglial cells with IC50 value of 11.5 ± 1.7 µM.


Assuntos
Chalconas/farmacologia , Dracaena/química , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Chalconas/isolamento & purificação , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Camundongos , Óxido Nítrico , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Resinas Vegetais/química
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 3058-3065, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467696

RESUMO

In this study, the compound search was completed through SciFinder and CNKI databases, and the drug-like properties were screened in FAFdrugs4 and SEA Search Server databases. In addition, based on the target sets related to acute myocardial ischemia(AMI) searched in disease target databases such as OMIM database, GeneCards database and DrugBank, a network diagram of chemical component-target-pathway-disease was established via Cytoscape to predict the potential active components of Corydalis Herba, a traditional Tibetan herbal medicine which derived from the aerial parts of Corydalis hendersonii and C. mucronifera against AMI. A protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was constructed through the STRING database and the core targets in the network were predicted. And the enrichment analyses of core targets were completed by DAVID database and R software. Furthermore, a molecular docking method was used to verify the binding of the components with core targets using softwares such as Autodock Vina. The present results showed that there were 60 compounds related to AMI in Corydalis Herba, involving 73 potential targets. The GO functional enrichment analysis obtained 282 biological processes(BP), 49 cell components(CC) and 78 molecular functions(MF). KEGG was enriched into 85 pathways, including alcoholism pathway, endocrine resistance pathway, calcium signaling pathway, cAMP signaling pathway, vascular endothelial growth factor signaling pathway and adrenergic signaling transduction pathway of myocardial cells. The results of network topology analysis showed that the key components of anti-AMI of Corydalis Herba might be tetrahydropalmatine, etrahydrocolumbamine, N-trans-feruloyloctopamine, N-cis-p-coumaroyloctopamine, N-trans-p-coumaroylnoradrenline and N-trans-p-coumaroyloctopamine, and their core targets might be CDH23, SCN4 B and NFASC. The results of molecular docking showed that the key components of Corydalis Herba had stable binding activity with the core targets. This study provides reference for further elucidation of the pharmacological effects of Corydalis Herba against AMI, subsequent clinical application, and development.


Assuntos
Corydalis , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Isquemia Miocárdica , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicina Tradicional Tibetana , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Isquemia Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular
6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4131-4138, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467724

RESUMO

Eleven condensed tannins were isolated from the roots of Indigofera stachyodes by various column chromatography techniques including silica gel, octadecyl silica(ODS), Sephadex LH-20, and semi-preparative high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). These compounds were identified on the basis of physicochemical properties, nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR) and mass spectrometry(MS) data as stachyotannin A(1), epicatechin-(2ß→O→7,4ß→8)-epiafzelechin-(4ß→8)-catechin(2), cinnamtannin D1(3), cinnamtannin B1(4), epicatechin-(2ß→O→7,4ß→8)-epiafzelechin-(4α→8)-epicatechin(5), gambiriin C(6), proanthocyanidin A1(7), proanthocyanidin A2(8), aesculitannin B(9), proanthocyanidin A4(10), and procyanidin B5(11). Compound 1 is a new compound. Compounds 2-11 were isolated from Indigofera for the first time. Furthermore, compounds 1, 2, and 4-11 showed inhibitory effects on thrombin-induced ATP release in platelets.


Assuntos
Indigofera , Proantocianidinas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Extratos Vegetais
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4150-4156, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467727

RESUMO

The current study aims to rapidly and comprehensively profile the chemical composition of Cistanche salsa using direct infusion coupled with MS/MS~(ALL)(DI-MS/MS~(ALL)). The C. salsa extract was directly imported into electrospray ionization(ESI) source of quadrupole time-of-flight(Q-TOF) mass spectrometer with an infusion pump at a flow rate of 10 µL·min~(-1). Acquisition program was applied under negative ionization polarity to collect one MS~1 spectrum(m/z 50-1 200), followed by 1 150 MS~2 spectra with precursor isolation window(m/z 1) amongst mass range m/z 50-1 200. After each MS~2 spectrum was matched to its precursor ion, putative identification was conducted through matching mass spectral data with literature and database. A total of 31 components were identified from C. salsa, including 9 phenylethanoid glycosides, 2 iridoids, 4 saccharides, 9 organic acids, and 7 other compounds, similar to those from C. tubulosa and C. deserticola. In conclusion, DI-MS/MS~(ALL), a facile and reliable analytical tool, can be employed for qualitative analysis of chemical constituents in C. salsa. The research offers a promising strategy to achieve rapid chemome profiling of herbal medicine and provides an alternative source of Cistanches Herba.


Assuntos
Cistanche , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Plantas Medicinais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Glicosídeos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(14): 3599-3604, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402283

RESUMO

Isomers are widely distributed in Chinese herbal medicines,and can be discriminated by energy-resolved mass spectrometry( ER-MS). However,ER-MS was performed through direct injection of reference compounds with syringe pump,which encountered a significant technical barrier for high-throughput and automated measurements. Herein,online ER-MS was conducted using LC-MS platform,and a pair of isomers,kaempferol vs luteolin,were employed as a case study to illustrate and assess the utility of online ER-MS for isomeric discrimination. High-resolution tandem mass spectrometry data of both flavonoids were acquired on LC-QE-Orbitrap-MS,and the fragmentation pathways responsible for the primary fragment ions were proposed. The primary signal in MS1 occurred at m/z 285( [M-H]-),and the primary signals of either compound generated by retro-Diels-Alder fragmentation were observed at m/z 151 and 133. The spectral information was subsequently transferred onto LC-Qtrap-MS platform to carry out online ER-MS. Two precursor-to-product ion transition candidates were constructed as m/z 285>151 and 285>133,and either afterward derived a set of pseudo-ion transitions( PITs) and so forth,exactly corresponding to a series of progressive collision energies( eg-5,-8,-11 e V,and so on). All PITs were typed into the monitoring list of multiple reaction monitoring program to generate the peak area datasets. Either dataset was normalized using the highest values in the set and imported into Graph Pad Prism software to plot the Gaus-sian-shaped curve that was termed as the break-down graph. The apex of the regressive curve was termed as optimal collision energy( OCE). The OCE values corresponding to m/z 285>151 were calculated as-29. 06 e V and-35. 71 e V for kaempferol and luteolin,respectively. In the case of m/z 285>133,the OCEs were yielded as-44. 15 e V for kaempferol and-49. 01 e V for luteolin. With re-ference to their chemical structures,the location of hydroxyl group was regarded to be responsible for the differences of either m/z 285>151 or 285>133 between the isomers,attributing to their different bond properties. Above all,online ER-MS offers an eligible tool for isomeric discrimination,and provides meaningful information for the accurate chemical composition characterization based on LC-MS,which is not limited to Chinese herbal medicines.


Assuntos
Quempferóis , Luteolina , Cromatografia Líquida , Flavonoides , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
9.
Chin J Nat Med ; 19(8): 621-625, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34419261

RESUMO

Three new coumarins, integmarins A-C (1-3), and a new coumarin glycoside, integmaside A (4) were isolated from the leaves and stems of Micromelum integerrimum. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of 1D and 2D NMR and MS data, and their absolute configurations were assigned according to the ECD data of the in situ formed transition metal complexes and comparison of experimental and calculated ECD data. Compounds 1 and 2 are two rare coumarins with butyl and propyl moieties at the C-6 position; compound 3 is a novel coumarin with a highly oxidized prenyl group, and compound 4 is a rare bisdihydrofuranocoumarin glycoside.

10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(13): 3257-3269, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396745

RESUMO

Cardiovascular diseases seriously endanger human health and life. The accompanying myocardial injury has been a focus of attention in society. Chinese medicine,serving as a natural and precious reservoir for the research and development of new drugs,is advantageous in resisting myocardial injury due to its multi-component,multi-pathway,and multi-target characteristics. In recent years,with the extensive application of culture method for isolated cardiomyocytes,a cost-effective,controllable in vitro model of cardiomyocyte injury with uniform samples is becoming a key tool for mechanism research on cardiomyocyte injury and drug development.A good in vitro model can reduce experimental and manpower cost,and also accurately stimulate clinical changes to reveal the mechanism. Therefore,the selection and establishment of in vitro model are crucial for the in-depth research. This study summarized the modeling principles,evaluation indicators,and application of more than ten models reflecting different clinical conditions,such as injuries induced by hypoxia-reoxygenation,hypertrophy,oxidative stress,inflammation,internal environmental disturbance,and toxicity. Furthermore,we analyzed advantages and technical difficulties,aiming to provide a reference for in-depth research on myocardial injury mechanism and drug development.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Miócitos Cardíacos , Hipóxia Celular , Humanos , Miocárdio , Estresse Oxidativo
11.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 204: 114229, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34252820

RESUMO

Quinoline alkaloids are the main bioactive and potentially toxic constituents in the root bark of Dictamnus dasycarpus Turcz. (BXP), a widely used traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of skin inflammation, eczema and rubella. However, the comprehensive analysis of the chemical components and metabolites of quinoline alkaloids remain unclear. In this study, an integrated strategy by combining UPLC/Q-TOF-MS and UPLC/Qtrap-MS was established to comprehensively profile the quinoline alkaloids from BXP and their metabolites in rat plasma, urine and feces. Q-TOF-MS (MSE mode), Qtrap-MS (EMS, MIM, pMRM and NL mode) were performed for acquiring more precursor ions and clearer precursor product ions. A step-by-step manner based on the diagnostic fragment ions (DFIs), in-house database, ClogP value and dipole moment (µ) was proposed to overcome the complexities due to the similar fragmentation behaviors of the quinoline alkaloids. As a result, a total of 73 quinoline alkaloids were unambiguously or tentatively identified. Among them, 4 furoquinolines, 10 dihydrofuroquinolines, 2 pyranoquinolinones, 4 dihydropyranoquinolinones and 9 quinol-2-ones were characterized in BXP for the first time. Moreover, a total of 98 BXP-related constituents (including 57 prototypes and 41 metabolites) were detected in rat plasma, urine and feces. The metabolic pathways included phase I reactions (O-demethylation, hydroxylation and 2,3-olefinic epoxidation) and phase II reactions (conjugation with glucuronide, sulfate and N-acetylcysteine). In conclusion, the integrated strategy with the proposed stepwise manner is suitable for rapid identifying and characterizing more extensive quinoline alkaloids of BXP in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, the results will be helpful for revealing the pharmacological effective substances or toxic substances of BXP and provide a solid basis for further research.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Dictamnus , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Quinolinas , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Fezes , Casca de Planta , Ratos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
12.
Bioorg Chem ; 114: 105113, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34175718

RESUMO

From the 95% aqueous ethanol extract of Murraya microphylla, five pairs of new carbazole alkaloid enantiomers, (+/-)-microphylines N-R (1a/1b-5a/5b), were isolated, together with 20 known carbazole alkaloids. The structures of the new compounds were determined by the HRMS and NMR spectroscopic data, along with the calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) and Mo2(AcO)4-induced CD data. The known compound (+)-mahanine (21) showed significant cytotoxicities against Du145, HepG2, HeLa, and HCT-116 cell lines, and its possible mechanism was deduced to target on phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase 2 (PCK2) protein via surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and molecular docking.

13.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 279: 114371, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34181957

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Diterpene Ginkgolides Meglumine Injection (DGMI) is made of extracts from Ginkgo biloba L, including Ginkgolides A, B, and K and some other contents, and has been widely used as the treatment of cerebral ischemic stroke in clinic. It can be learned from the "Compendium of Materia Medica" that Ginkgo possesses the effect of "dispersing toxin". The ancient Chinese phrase "dispersing toxin" is now explained as elimination of inflammation and oxidative state in human body. And it led to the original ideas for today's anti-oxidation studies of Ginkgo in apoptosis induced by optic nerve crush injury. AIM OF THE STUDY: To investigate the underlying molecular mechanism of the DGMI in retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) apoptosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: TUNEL staining was used to observe the anti-apoptotic effects of DGMI on the adult rat optic nerve injury (ONC) model, and flow cytometry and hoechst 33,342 staining were used to observe the anti-apoptotic effects of DGMI on the oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD) induced RGC-5 cells injury model. The regulation of apoptosis and MAPKs pathways were investigated with Immunohistochemistry and Western blotting. RESULTS: This study demonstrated that DGMI is able to decrease the conduction time of F-VEP and ameliorate histological features induced by optic nerve crush injury in rats. Immunohistochemistry and TUNEL staining results indicated that DGMI can also inhibit cell apoptosis via modulating MAPKs signaling pathways. In addition, treatment with DGMI markedly improved the morphological structures and decreased the apoptotic index in RGC-5 cells. Mechanistically, DGMI could significantly inhibit cell apoptosis by inhibiting p38, JNK and Erk1/2 activation. CONCLUSION: The study shows that DGMI and ginkgolides inhibit RGCs apoptosis by impeding the activation of MAPKs signaling pathways in vivo and in vitro. Therefore, the present study provided scientific evidence for the underlying mechanism of DGMI and ginkgolides on optic nerve crush injury.

14.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(5): 492, 2021 05 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33990545

RESUMO

Syndecan-4 (SDC4) functions as a major endogenous membrane-associated receptor and widely regulates cytoskeleton, cell adhesion, and cell migration in human tumorigenesis and development, which represents a charming anti-cancer therapeutic target. Here, SDC4 was identified as a direct cellular target of small-molecule bufalin with anti-hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) activity. Mechanism studies revealed that bufalin directly bond to SDC4 and selectively increased SDC4 interaction with substrate protein DEAD-box helicase 23 (DDX23) to induce HCC genomic instability. Meanwhile, pharmacological promotion of SDC4/DDX23 complex formation also inactivated matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and augmented p38/JNK MAPKs phosphorylation, which are highly associated with HCC proliferation and migration. Notably, specific knockdown of SDC4 or DDX23 markedly abolished bufalin-dependent inhibition of HCC proliferation and migration, indicating SDC4/DDX23 signaling axis is highly involved in the HCC process. Our results indicate that membrane-spanning proteoglycan SDC4 is a promising druggable target for HCC, and pharmacological regulation of SDC4/DDX23 signaling axis with small-molecule holds great potential to benefit HCC patients.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Bufanolídeos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Sindecana-4/uso terapêutico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Bufanolídeos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Embrião de Galinha , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Transfecção
15.
Biomed Chromatogr ; 35(10): e5171, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34010455

RESUMO

Notoginseng total saponins (NS), safflower total flavonoids (SF), and the combination of NS and SF, namely CNS, are used for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases in clinic. This study developed a cocktail assay involving seven cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes to elucidate the effect of NS, SF, and CNS on CYP enzymes and to explore the synergistic effect of CNS in terms of CYP enzymes. Ultra-performance liquid chromatography-MS and reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction were applied to detect the activities and mRNA expression levels of CYP enzymes. SF exhibited inhibitory effects on CYP1A2, 2B1, 2E1, and 2C11 and induction effects on CYP2C19 and 2D4. NS exhibited induction effects on CYP1A2, 2B1, 2E1, 2C11, 2C19, and 2D4. CNS exhibited induction effects on CYP1A2, 2B1, 2E1, 2C19, and 2D4 and inhibitory effects on CYP3A1 in vivo. Moreover, mRNA expression results were consistent with pharmacokinetic results. Potential herb-drug interactions should be studied closely when SF, NS, or CNS with clinical drugs are metabolized by CYP1A2, 2B1, 2E1, 2C11, 2C19, 2D4, and 3A1. CNS could change the inhibition or induction effects of CYP compared to the NS group, which might be one of the causes for the synergistic effects of the combination of NS and SF.


Assuntos
Carthamus tinctorius/química , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450 , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Panax notoginseng/química , Saponinas/farmacologia , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/metabolismo , Flavonoides/análise , Interações Ervas-Drogas , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Saponinas/análise
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(9): 2220-2228, 2021 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34047124

RESUMO

A new method of MS/MS~(ALL) was designed to sequentially record a MS~2 spectrum at each unit mass window through gas phase fractionation concept, so as to offer an opportunity for universal MS~2 spectral recording with direct infusion(DI). As a proof-of-concept, DI-MS/MS~(ALL) was applied for rapid chemome profiling of a famous herbal medicine named Lonicerae Japonicae Flos. After each MS~2 spectrum was correlated to its precursor ion, the structural annotation was conducted by applying well-defined mass cracking rules, matching the mass spectral data with literatures and referring to those accessible databases. As a result, a total of 54 components were identified from Lonicerae Japonicae Flos extract, including 21 phenolic acids, 13 flavonoids, 12 iridoids, 4 triterpenoids and 4 other compounds. Therefore, DI-MS/MS~(ALL) is a powerful tool for comprehensive, rapid qualitative analysis of chemical profiles of traditional Chinese medicine and other chemical components of complex systems.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Lonicera , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Extratos Vegetais , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(9): 2254-2259, 2021 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34047128

RESUMO

Rhus chinensis is an important resource plant. The aqueous extract of R. chinensis roots or stems was to produce Shuguantong Syrup, which is mainly used for the treatment of coronary heart disease and angina pectoris with definite curative effect. On this basis, the crude phenolic part of R. chinensis prepared by macroporous resin was evaluated for the cardio protective effect against myocardial ischemia in mice. The results showed that the phenolic part group with oral administration at the dosages of 190.8-381.6 mg·kg~(-1), compared with the model group, reduced the values of left ventricular end systolic diameter(LVEDs) and the left ventricular end diastolic diameter(LVEDd), and increased the cardiac ejection fraction(EF) and left ventricular fractional shortening(FS) rate, which could effectively improve cardiac function and exert its anti-myocardial ischemia effect, and reduce the rising levels of creatine kinase isoenzyme(CK-MB) and lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) in serum. HE staining showed that the phenolic part group reduced the infiltration of myocardial inflammatory cells and alleviated the degree of myocardial fibrosis and collagen deposition. TUNEL staining showed that the blue-green fluorescence of the phenolic part group decreased successively, and the degree of myocardial cell apoptosis was reduced. Immunohistochemical staining suggested that it could reduce the number of positive cells for p53 protein expression and significantly improve myocardial cell damage. All above data suggested that the phenolic part group had an anti-mycardial ischemis effect. Related mechanism studies revealed that the crude phenolic part could regulate the expressions of the p53 gene(p53), Bcl-2-associated X protein(Bax), B lymphoma-2 gene(Bcl-2), and caspase-3 protein(caspase-3) in myocardial tissue, suggesting that it could reduce cardiac remodeling and myocardial ischemic damage, and improve cardiac function by inhibiting myocardial apoptosis.This research laid a foundation for the elucidation of the pharmacological ingredients R. chinensis.


Assuntos
Isquemia Miocárdica , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Rhus , Animais , Apoptose , Camundongos , Isquemia Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Miocárdio , Miócitos Cardíacos , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2
18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(8): 2037-2044, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33982517

RESUMO

As a traditional Chinese medicine, Chinese dragon's blood has multiple effects, such as activating blood to remove blood stasis, softening and dispelling stagnation, astringent and hemostasis, clearing swelling and relieving pain, regulating menstruation and rectifying the blood, so it is called "an effective medicine of promoting blood circulation". It has been widely used clinically to treat a variety of diseases. With the further research on Chinese dragon's blood, its anti-tumor medicinal value is gradually emerging. Modern pharmacological studies have shown that Chinese dragon's blood exerts anti-tumor effects mainly by inhibiting cell proliferation, inducing apoptosis, inducing DNA damage and cell cycle arrest, inducing senescence and autophagy of tumor cells, inhibiting metastasis and angiogenesis, as well as reversing multidrug resistance. This article focuses on the research progress on anti-tumor effects of Chinese dragon's blood extract and its chemical components, with a view to provide new references for the in-depth research and reasonable utilization of Chinese dragon's blood.


Assuntos
Dracaena , China , Feminino , Extratos Vegetais , Resinas Vegetais
19.
J Nat Med ; 75(4): 1014-1020, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34032990

RESUMO

Two previously undescribed dibenzocyclooctadiene lignans, named sieverlignans D-E (1-2), as well as eight known ones (3-10), were isolated from the aerial parts of Artemisia sieversiana. Their structures were elucidated from extensive spectroscopic analysis, including HRMS, NMR and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) experiments. This study is the first to report dibenzocyclooctadiene lignans in the genus Artemisia and this plant. All the compounds were evaluated for their anti-neuroinflammatory activities on the lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-induced nitric oxide production in BV-2 murine microglial cells. Compounds 1 and 6 exhibited the moderate activities with their IC50 values of 47.7 and 21.9 µM, compared to a positive control quercetin with the IC50 value of 16.0 µM.

20.
Nat Prod Res ; 35(9): 1537-1543, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33938337

RESUMO

One new cis p-coumaroyl copaborneol-type sesquiterpenoid (1), together with its known trans isomer (2) and six other known p-coumaroyl humulane-type sesquiterpenoids (3-8), were isolated from the whole plants of Pilea cavaleriei. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic data. Compounds 1-4 exhibited moderate antimycobacterial activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv.


Assuntos
Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Urticaceae/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética Nuclear de Carbono-13 , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/efeitos dos fármacos , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Sesquiterpenos/química , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia
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