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1.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33527168

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is characterized by recurrent attacks of fever, serositis, and arthritis. Some patients suffer from associated inflammatory conditions and damage related to FMF that may potentially impair work productivity which have not been studied to date. METHODS: Consecutive FMF patients who were attending a tertiary referral center and age-and sex-matched healthy subjects enrolled into the study. Disease activity was assessed with autoinflammatory disease activity index (AIDAI) and patient global assessment. Damage was evaluated using Autoinflammatory Disease Damage Index (ADDI). Quality of life (QoL) and work productivity were determined with 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) and Work Productivity and Activity Impairment Specific Health Problem v2.0 (WPAI:SHP), respectively. RESULTS: There were 111 FMF patients, 60 female (54%), mean age 32.7±8.7 years. There were significant impairments in all domains of the SF-36 QoL in FMF patients. Of the 111 patients enrolled, 65 (58.6%) were employed in a paid work. Mean% ±SD impairment in work productivity both assessed as absenteeism (9.3±23.2% vs. 0.7±2.6, p=0.013) and presenteeism (35.2±32.6% vs. 9.6±14.7, p<0.001) were significantly higher in FMF patients compared to healthy subjects. Impairment in work productivity was correlated with the number of attacks, disease activity, colchicine resistance, and disease-associated damage. Impairment was most significant in colchicine-resistant FMF patients but lower in those on interleukin (IL)-1 antagonist treatments. CONCLUSIONS: FMF causes significant work impairment and reduced QoL which is associated with disease activity and damage. The use of IL-1 antagonists may help to improve work productivity and QoL in FMF patients with frequent attacks. Key points • Work productivity is impaired in patients with FMF. • Disease activity was an independent predictor for impaired work productivity. • IL-1 antagonists may improve work productivity and quality of life in FMF patients with frequent attacks.

2.
Turk J Med Sci ; 2021 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33460325

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Peritonitis attacks of Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) usually requires emergency medical admissions and it?s hard to distinguish a typical abdominal attack from surgical causes of acute abdomen. Therefore, history of abdominal surgery, particularly appendectomy, is very common in patients with FMF. However, history of appendectomy might also give some clues about the disease in the course of FMF in adulthood. This study was to determine whether the history of appendectomy help to anticipate disease course of FMF in adulthood. METHODS: All patients recruited from FMF in Central Anatolia (FiCA) cohort, comprising 971 adult subjects. All patients fulfilled the Tel Hashomer criteria. Demographic data, FMF disease characteristics, co-morbid conditions, past medical history, surgical history and disease complications were meticulously questioned and laboratory features and genotype data (if available) were recruited from patient files. RESULTS: Appendectomy history was evident in 240 (24.7%) subjects. Disease onset was earlier and peritonitis is strikingly more prevalent (97.1% vs 89.6%, p<0.001) in appendectomy patients. These patients had reported almost two fold more frequent attacks in the last year compared to appendix intact patients (median 3.5 vs 2 attacks, p=0.001) without a difference in frequency of musculoskeletal and skin attacks. Severe disease was more common (10% vs 5.9%, p=0.038) due to involvement of more disease sites throughout life and more frequent attacks. Appendectomy patients had used higher daily doses of colchicine to control disease (1.43±0.6 mg vs 1.27±0.52 mg, p=0.002) but colchicine resistance was also more common in these patients, 15% vs 6.7% respectively, p<0.001. CONCLUSIONS: Appendectomy history is common in FMF patients and associated with frequent serositis attacks in adulthood. These patients require higher colchicine doses with a lower rate of response and more need for Interleukin-1 antagonist therapies.

3.
Scand J Clin Lab Invest ; : 1-6, 2021 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33474994

RESUMO

Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)/Angiotensin (Ang) II pathway has crucial regulatory effects on circulatory hemostasis and immune responses. This pathway has a major role in the development of acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), which is a devastating complication of SARS-CoV-2 infection. The aim of this study is to investigate the serum ACE activity and its correlation with clinical features and the disease severity in patients with COVID-19. Patients with confirmed COVID-19 by detecting SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid RT-PCR were included in the study. Demographic data, clinical features, laboratory and radiologic investigations were recorded. Patients were classified by disease severity; asymptomatic, mild, and severe pneumonia. The serum ACE activity was evaluated with an autoanalyzer based on a spectrophotometric method. Fifty-five patients (50.9% female) and 18 healthy subjects (33.3 % female) were enrolled in the study. The median age of patients was 40 years, ranging from 22 to 81 years. Eighteen healthy subjects were served as the control group. The baseline characteristics were comparable between groups. The median serum ACE activity of patients and controls (38.00 [IQR 21] U/L and 32.00 [IQR 24] U/L, respectively) and of between patients grouped by disease severity (38.5 [IQR 19], 36 [IQR 25], and 38 [IQR 22] U/L, asymptomatic, mild and severe pneumonia group, respectively) were similar. There was no correlation between the serum ACE activity and conventional inflammatory markers. In this study, we did not find an association between serum ACE activity and COVID-19 and serum ACE activity on admission did not reflect disease severity.

4.
Cytokine ; 137: 155302, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002740

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effectual immune response is crucial to defeat viral infections. However, exuberant immune response with features of macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) lead detrimental consequences in COVID-19 patients. Interleukin (IL)-18 is one of the leading cytokines in MAS which has not been studied in COVID-19. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of IL-18 with the other inflammatory markers and disease severity in COVID-19 for predicting disease prognosis. METHODS: Patients with COVID-19 who had confirmed diagnosis with SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid RT-PCR were enrolled into the study. Data on demographic and clinical characteristics, and laboratory values of CRP, ferritin, d-dimer and procalcitonin were measured on admission. Patients were followed up prospectively with a standardized approach until hospital discharge or death. Individuals were classified as asymptomatic, mild and severe pneumonia according to their clinical, laboratory and radiological characteristics. Worse outcome was defined as requirement of intensive care unit (ICU) admission or death. Blood samples were collected at enrollment and serum levels of IL-6 and IL-18 were determined by ELISA. Association between IL-18 and other inflammatory markers and prognosis were analyzed. RESULTS: There were 58 COVID-19 patients (50% male) with a median age of 43 (min 22-max 81) years. Twenty age and sex matched healthy subjects were served as control group. The study population was divided into three groups according to disease severity: asymptomatic (n = 20), mild pneumonia group (n = 27) and a severe group (n = 11). During follow up nine (15.5%) patients required ICU admission and three of them were died eventually. Serum IL-18 were correlated with other inflammatory markers and biochemical markers of organ injury; creatinine, liver enzymes and troponin. Serum IL-18 levels were remarkably higher in COVID-19 patients compared to healthy subjects with being highest in severe pneumonia group (p < 0.001). IL-18 serum concentrations were almost four-fold higher in patients with worse outcome compared to good outcome (p < 0.001). Serum IL-18 above the cut off value of 576 pg/mL on admission was associated with 11.7 fold increased risk of ICU admission. CONCLUSIONS: The serum concentrations of IL-18 correlate with other inflammatory markers and reflect disease severity. Results of the present study shed light on role of IL-18 on COVID-19 pathogenesis and might provide an evidence for the clinical trials on IL-18 antagonists for the treatment of severe COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
/sangue , Interleucina-18/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , /fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/sangue , Interleucina-6/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
5.
J Clin Rheumatol ; 2020 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33298810

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Follow-up is crucial to detect asymptomatic complications of familial Mediterranean fever (FMF). The current European League Against Rheumatism recommendations state that patients with FMF should be evaluated at least every 6 months to monitor attacks, acute phase response, and proteinuria. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess compliance of FMF patients with regular follow-up visits and the associated factors. METHODS: Adult patients with a diagnosis of FMF who had their initial visit at least over 1 year ago were included. Demographic and socioeconomic data, family history, and comorbid diseases were obtained from medical records. The International Severity Score for FMF and the Autoinflammatory Disease Damage Index scores were calculated. We defined patients as "compliant with follow-up visits" both if they had at least 2 visits during the previous year and a compatible physician's assessment. The characteristics of the compliant and noncompliant patients were compared, and multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to determine the factors influencing visit compliance. RESULTS: Four hundred seventy-four patients with FMF were included. Two hundred thirty (48.5%) were compliant, and 244 (51.5%) were noncompliant with follow-up visits. A family history of FMF in parents, the absence of a family history of FMF in siblings, treatment with biologic agents, concomitant medication use, multisite involvement during FMF attacks, and treatment satisfaction were independent predictors of visit compliance. CONCLUSIONS: Only half of the patients with FMF were compliant with follow-up visits. Better strategies should be implemented to increase the compliance of FMF patients. Identifying independent predictors would help to build one.

6.
Turk J Med Sci ; 2020 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33306333

RESUMO

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) outbreak poses a major global threat to the public health Worldwide. The infectious disease caused by the virus that affected the entire world was named as the Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). The knowledge regarding the wide clinico-biological aspects of the COVID-19 continues to evolve very rapidly, given the growing data from all over the World. During this complicated process, healthcare professionals have benefited from each other?s experiences in combatting against the COVID-19 syndrome. COVID-19 related studies have been performed by a wide variety of research groups in Turkey as well as the rest of the World. The aim of this paper is to outline Turkish COVID-19 research indexed in LitCovid system. LitCovid is a curated literature hub for tracking up-to-date scientific data about the SARS-CoV-2. COVID-19?s first case was detected in Turkey, on March 11th, 2020. Six months after the first case was observed, the total number of COVID-19 patients was reported to be as 286.455, and the total number of deaths due to SARS-CoV-2 was 6895. The genetic sequence of the novel coronavirus showed significant identity to SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV. Numerous drugs including lopinavir/ritonavir, favipiravir, neuraminidase inhibitors, remdesivir, umifenovir, azithromycin and chloroquine have been suggested for the management of COVID-19 although the exact treatment yet to be determined.

7.
Adv Rheumatol ; 60(1): 54, 2020 12 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33353556

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease characterized by fibrosis of skin and lung as well as involvement of kidney, gastrointestinal system and heart. Aetiology and exact mechanism of disease is poorly understood. The association between antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) and other diseases such as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, diffuse panbronchiolitis, pulmoner alveolar proteinosis and psoriasis have been reported. A small number of studies have examined the role of AMPs on autoimmune diseases which has not been studied in scleroderma yet. We aimed to investigate AMP serum levels and their association with disease characteristics of SSc. METHODS: Forty-two patients (40 female, mean age 42 years) and 38 healthy subjects (32 female, mean age 38 years) were enrolled. For SSc patients, the following data were recorded: disease subset (limited/diffuse), autoantibodies (antinuclear, anti-centromere (ACA), and anti-SCL-70), blood tests, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and C-reactive protein (CRP), modified Rodnan skin score, presence and history of digital ulcers, kidney, gastrointestinal disease and lung involvement assessed by computed tomography and pulmonary function tests. Association between serum AMPs and disease characteristics were analysed. RESULTS: Twenty-nine of the patients had diffuse (69%) and 13 of the patients had limited (31%) systemic sclerosis. Average disease duration was 5.5 years. Pulmonary involvement was detected in 20 patients (47.6%). Serum concentration of alpha defensin was higher than healthy subjects (563 ± 415 vs 377 ± 269 ng/mL, p = 0.02). However, no difference was observed for beta-1 and beta-2 defensins in SSc patients and healthy controls. In sub-group analysis patients with interstitial lung disease had higher levels of alpha defensin than those without lung involvement (684 ± 473 vs 430 ± 299 ng/ml, p = 0.04). There was also correlation between alfa defensin serum concentrations and CRP (r = 0.34). CONCLUSIONS: Alpha defensin levels are increased in scleroderma patients and correlated with lung involvement indicating a role in the pathogenesis of disease. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study is not a clinical trial study.

8.
J Clin Rheumatol ; 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33252392

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Core muscle endurance (CME), which is the ability of sustaining the activity of trunk muscles, has been shown to be lower in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). The aim was to investigate the possible relationship between CME times and balance, fatigue, physical activity (PA) level, and thoracic kyphosis angle. METHODS: Fifty-one patients with AS with a mean age of 41.0 years (interquartile range, 25/75 years; 29.0/51.0 years) were included in the study. Core muscle endurance times were assessed by using trunk extension, trunk flexion, and side bridge tests. Overall stability index, anteroposterior stability index, mediolateral stability index, and limits of stability were evaluated with the Biodex Balance System. Fatigue and PA levels were surveyed using Fatigue Severity Scale and International Physical Activity Questionnaire, respectively. Thoracic kyphosis angle was measured by using a digital inclinometer. Additionally, CME times were compared for "high-fatigue" versus "low-fatigue" and as "low PA" versus "moderate/high PA" groups. Spearman correlation coefficients and Mann-Whitney U test were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Significant correlations were detected between overall stability index, anteroposterior stability index, Fatigue Severity Scale, International Physical Activity Questionnaire, and all CME tests (p < 0.05) and between mediolateral stability index and side bridge test (p < 0.05). Limits of stability correlated only with side bridge test (p < 0.05). Core muscle endurance significantly differed between high-fatigue and low-fatigue groups (p < 0.05), except trunk flexor test (p > 0.05). No significant differences were observed between low PA and moderate/high PA groups (p > 0.05), except side bridge test (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Core muscle endurance times seem to be related to PA level, fatigue, and balance but not with thoracic kyphosis angle. Assessing CME in patients with AS might help in planning individualized exercise programs.

12.
Turk J Med Sci ; 50(SI-2): 1591-1610, 2020 11 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32806879

RESUMO

Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) (OMIM #249100) is the most common hereditary autoinflammatory disease in the world. FMF is caused by gain of function mutations of MEFV gene which encodes an immune regulatory protein, pyrin. Over the last few years, we have witnessed several new developments in the pathogenesis, genetic testing, diagnosis, comorbidities, disease related damage and treatment approaches to FMF. Elucidation of some of the pathogenic mechanisms has led to the discovery of pathways involved in inflammatory, metabolic, cardiovascular and degenerative diseases. The use of next generation sequencing in FMF has revealed many new gene variants whose clinical significance may be clarified by developing functional assays and biomarkers. Clinically, although FMF is considered an episodic disease characterized by brief attacks, recent systematic studies have defined several associated chronic inflammatory conditions. Colchicine is the mainstay of FMF treatment, and interleukin (IL)-1 antagonists are the treatment of choice in refractory or intolerant cases. Experience of IL-1 antagonists, anakinra and canakinumab, is now available in thousands of colchicine resistant or intolerant FMF patients. In this contemporary review, we surveyed current FMF knowledge in the light of these recent advances.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32778893

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Persistent inflammation is an insidious and less studied feature of FMF. We investigated clinical determinants of persistent inflammation and its associations with individual damage items. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of 917 FMF patients, who fulfilled the Tel Hashomer criteria and had at least 6 months' follow-up. Patients were stratified based on whether they had persistent inflammation. We used logistic regression analysis to investigate independent predictors of persistent inflammation and the associated individual damage items. RESULTS: One hundred and forty-two (15%) patients had persistent inflammation. Active FMF (54%) was the most prominent reason for the persistent inflammation. Spondylarthritis (16%), other inflammatory arthritis (8%) and IBD (2%) were other frequent reasons. Male gender, history of exertional leg pain, inflammatory comorbidities, M694V homozygosity, colchicine resistance, lower education levels and musculoskeletal attack dominance were found to be the independent predictors of persistent inflammation. Earlier disease onset led to a tendency towards persistent inflammation. Patients with persistent inflammation were more likely to suffer damage. There is an increased risk of developing proteinuria, amyloidosis and renal insufficiency. CONCLUSION: We identified, for the first time, the predictors of persistent inflammation in adult FMF patients and related individual damage items of the Autoinflammatory Disease Damage Index. Persistent inflammation is insidious and one of the chief causes of damage; therefore, especially patients with these predictors should be followed up more closely. If detected, underlying inflammatory comorbidities should be assessed meticulously as early detection and proper treatment strategies may favourably impact the natural history of the disease.

15.
Eur J Rheumatol ; 7(3): 99-104, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32716840

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Behçet's disease (BD) is a chronic, multisystem disorder that can cause severe morbidity and mortality. Monitoring tools that measure disease activity are required for effective management of BD. We aimed to investigate the association of prognostic nutritional index (PNI) with disease activity in BD. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we enrolled 88 adult patients with BD and 51 healthy controls. The patients were divided into patients with active and inactive BD according to their disease activities. PNI was calculated using the following formula: 10×serum albumin (g/dL)+0.005×peripheral lymphocyte count (per mm3). To evaluate BD activity, the Behçet Disease Current Activity Form was used. The relations of BD activity with PNI, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and C-reactive protein were investigated. A receiver operator characteristic curve analysis was used to define the optimum cutoff value of PNI for active BD. RESULTS: A total of 48 patients were classified as having active BD and 40 as having inactive BD. Patients with active BD had lower mean PNI than patients with inactive BD and healthy controls (51.8±4.2, 57.4±2.9, and 56.6±3.6, respectively; p<0.001). In multivariate analysis, PNI was the only independent predictor of BD activity (odds ratio, -0.687; 95% confidence interval 0.548-0.861; p=0.001). The optimum cutoff of PNI for active BD was 55.35 with 79.2% sensitivity and 77.75% specificity. CONCLUSION: PNI was significantly associated with BD activity. PNI may be a useful tool for the assessment of disease activity in BD.

16.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32662407

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To explore the impact of early versus late-onset psoriasis (PsO) on the disease characteristics of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in a large-multicentre cohort. METHODS: The data from a multicentre psoriatic arthritis database was analysed. Patients were grouped according to age at psoriasis onset (early onset; <40 years of age, late-onset; >40 years of age) and disease characteristics of the groups were compared by adjusting for BMI and PsA duration, where necessary. RESULTS: At the time of analyses, 1634 patients were recruited [62.8% females; early onset 1108 (67.8%); late-onset, 526 (32.2%)]. The late-onset group was more over-weight [66.8% vs. 86.8%, p<0.001; adjusted for age - aOR 1.55 (1.11-2.20; 95% CI)]. The early onset group had more scalp psoriasis at onset (56.7% vs. 43.0%, p<0.001), whereas extremity lesions were more common in the late-onset group (63.8% vs. 74.2%, p<0.001). Axial disease in males and psoriatic disease family history in females were significantly higher in the early onset group [38.0% vs. 25.4%; p=0.005; adjusted for PsA duration - aOR 1.76 (1.19-2.62; 95% CI) / 39.5% vs. 30.1%; p=0.003; OR 1.51 (1.15-1.99; 95% CI), respectively]. Psoriatic disease activity parameters, patient-physician reported outcomes and HAQ-DI scores were similar in both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical features of PsA may be affected by the age at onset of PsO. Different genetic backgrounds in early and late-onset PsO may be driving the differences in psoriasis and PsA phenotypes.

17.
Front Immunol ; 11: 1249, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32636845

RESUMO

Resolvins, the member of specialized pro-resolving mediators, are produced from omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids as a response to an acute inflammatory process in that termination and resolution of inflammation. In the acute inflammation, these lipid mediators limit polymorphonuclear cells infiltration, proinflammatory cytokine production; promote efferocytosis, and regulate several cell types being important roles in innate and adaptive immunity. Any dysregulation or defect of the resolution phase result in prolonged, persistent inflammation and eventually fibrosis. Resolvins are implicated in the development of various chronic autoimmune diseases. Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a very complicated, chronic autoimmune disorder proceeding with vasculopathy, inflammation, and fibrosis. Dysregulation of innate and adaptive immunity is another important contributing factor in the pathogenesis of SSc. In this review, we will focus on the different roles of this new family of lipid mediators, characterized by the ability to prevent the spread of inflammation and its chronicity in various ways and how they can control the development of fibrotic diseases like SSc.

18.
Turk J Med Sci ; 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32599972

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Pneumonia is the most serious clinical presentation of COVID-19. This study is aimed to determine the demographic, clinical, and laboratory findings that can properly predict COVID-19 pneumonia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted in Gazi University hospital. All hospitalized patients with confirmed and suspected SARS-CoV-2 infection between 16 March 2020, and 30 April 2020, were analyzed retrospectively. COVID-19 patients were separated into two groups as pneumonia and non-pneumonia and compared to determine predicting factors for COVID-19 pneumonia. Variables with a p-value of less than 0.20 and not correlated with each other were included in the logistic regression model. RESULTS: Of the 247 patients included in the study, the median age was 40, 58% was female. COVID-19 was confirmed in 70.9% of these patients. 21.4% of COVID-19 confirmed cases had pneumonia. In the multivariate analysis male sex (p = 0.028), hypertension (p = 0.022) and shortness of breath on hospital admission (p = 0.025) were significant factors predicting COVID-19 pneumonia Conclusion: Shortness of breath, male gender, and hypertension were significant for predicting COVID-19 pneumonia on admission. The patients with those factors should be evaluated more carefully for diagnostic procedures, such as thorax CT.

19.
Turk J Med Sci ; 50(5): 1337-1343, 2020 08 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32512676

RESUMO

Background/aim: Colchicine is the mainstay of treatment in FMF. However, in daily practice it is not easy to maintain effective colchicine doses in a substantial number of patients due to its side effects. In this study, we aimed to investigate prevalence and risk factors for colchicine side effects that limit optimal drug dosing and cause permanent discontinuation. Materials and methods: All patients were recruited from "FMF in Central Anatolia" (FiCA) cohort, 915 adults with a minimum follow- up time of 6 months during which they had obeyed all treatment instructions. Demographic and anthropometric data, FMF disease characteristics, disease severity, complications, and treatment features were recorded on a web-based registry. Prevalence of colchicine intolerance and characteristics of intolerant patients were analyzed. Results: Effective colchicine doses cannot be maintained in 172 (18.7%) subjects. Main side effects that limit optimal dosing were as follows: diarrhea in 99 (10.8%), elevation in transaminases in 54 (5.9%), leukopenia in 10 (%1.1), renal impairment in 14 (1.3%), myopathy in five (0.5%), and allergic skin reaction in two. Colchicine had to be permanently ceased in 18 (2%) patients because of serious toxicity. Male sex and obesity were found to be associated with liver toxicity, and having a normal body weight was associated with diarrhea. Chronic inflammation and proteinuria were more common in colchicine-intolerant patients, and they had reported more frequent attacks compared to those tolerating optimal doses. Conclusion: Colchicine intolerance is an important problem in daily clinical practice, mainly due to diarrhea and liver toxicity. Suboptimal colchicine dosing is associated with complications.

20.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 2020 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32573410

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Defining predictors of damage would improve patient care. We applied damage indexes to patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) and identified the predictors of damage. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of 926 FMF patients, who fulfilled the Tel-Hashomer criteria and had at least six months of follow-up. Patients were stratified according to their damage status (damage vs. no damage) defined with autoinflammatory disease damage index (ADDI) and modified ADDI (excluding musculoskeletal pain). We used logistic regression analysis to investigate independent predictors of damage for both indexes. RESULTS: Mean disease duration was 21.6±11.9 years. 527 patients (57%) had damage according to ADDI. Median ADDI score was 1 (0-11). Most common FMF-related damages were observed in musculoskeletal, reproductive and kidney domains. Female gender, inflammatory comorbidity, colchicine resistance, colchicine nonadherence, musculoskeletal attack dominance, diagnostic delay, follow-up time, and smoking history remained independent predictors of damage according to ADDI score. The rate of patients with damage defined by modified ADDI was only to 23%. M694V/M694V homozygosity, female gender, musculoskeletal attack dominance, colchicine resistance, persistent inflammation, follow up time and family history of amyloidosis were found to be predictors of damage according to modified ADDI score. CONCLUSIONS: Our study is the first to apply comprehensive damage indexes to FMF patients and identified predictors of damage. Factors linked to a severe FMF phenotype, including M694V homozygosity and persistent inflammation, were associated with only modified ADDI. Our findings justify the concerns about musculoskeletal pain and might point to the need for re-evaluation of ADDI for FMF patients.

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