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1.
Bull Cancer ; 2019 Jul 11.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303250

RESUMO

Acute and chronic renal failures are very common after allogeneic HSCT. These complications have a real impact on mortality and morbidity of transplant recipients. Within the framework of the ninth workshops of practice harmonization of the Francophone Society of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cellular Therapy (SFGM-TC) held in Lille in September 2018, various causes and mechanisms of renal failure, diagnostic work-up, treatment and recommendations to limit renal failure after transplantation are reviewed. Recommendations to adjust medications to avoid renal failure are also proposed in this article.

2.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292142

RESUMO

Purpose: Tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) discontinuation is an emerging goal in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) management and several studies have demonstrated the feasibility of safely stopping imatinib. A sustained deep molecular response on long-term TKI is critical prior to attempting treatment-free remission. Reproducible results from several studies reported recently, failed to identify robust and reproducible predictive factors for the selection of the best candidates for successful TKI cessation.Patients and Methods: We conducted a prospective national phase II study evaluating the cessation of imatinib after at least 2 years of MR4.5 obtained on imatinib first-line in patients with chronic phase CML.Results: A total of 218 patients with de novo chronic phase CML were involved in the study. The median follow-up after imatinib cessation was 23.5 (1-64) months, 2 patients died from unrelated causes, and 107 experienced a confirmed increase in BCR-ABL1 levels defined as molecular recurrence. The molecular recurrence-free survival was 52% [95% confidence interval (CI), 45%-59%] at 6 months, and 50% (95% CI, 43%-57%) at 24 months. Droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) was used to evaluate more accurately low levels of BCR-ABL1 in 175 of 218 patients at imatinib cessation. To apply positive BCR-ABL1/ABL1 ratios on the international scale (IS), a conversion factor was calculated for ddPCR and the significant cut-off point was established at 0.0023%IS In a multivariate analysis, the duration of TKI (≥74.8 months) and ddPCR (≥0.0023%IS) were the two identified predictive factors of molecular recurrence, with P = 0.0366 (HR, 0.635; 95% CI, 0.415-0.972] and P = 0.008 (HR, 0.556; 95% CI, 0.360-0.858), respectively.Conclusions: We conclude that the duration of TKI and residual leukemic cell load as determined by ddPCR are key factors for predicting successful treatment-free remission for patients with de novo chronic phase CML.

3.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(9): 1798-1802, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31129355

RESUMO

Prognosis of patients with graft failure is dismal, and retransplantation is the sole option for long-term survival. To address the interest of haploidentical transplantation as a salvage option in this context, we analyzed data from 24 patients with graft failure or loss retransplanted with a haploidentical donor who received post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy) as graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis (GVHD). Fludarabine-based reduced-intensity conditioning was used in 23 patients and the Baltimore regimen in 14 patients. The median delay between previous and salvage transplantation for graft failure was 63 days (range, 39 to 98). In addition to PTCy, all patients received cyclosporine, and 22 patients also received mycophenolate mofetil for GVHD prophylaxis. With a median follow-up of 353 days (range, 16 to 2010), 1-year overall survival (OS) was 56% (95% confidence interval, 38% to 81%). Transplant complications accounted for 80% of deaths. The cumulative incidence of neutrophil engraftment at day +30 was 79%. Cumulative incidence of grades II to IV acute GVHD at day 100 was 14%, and 1-year cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD was 31%. One-year cumulative incidence of relapse was 13%. Stem cell source did not impact on engraftment, GVHD, relapse, or OS. Salvage haploidentical transplant with PTCy for rescuing graft failure patients leads to an acceptable 1-year OS and might be a valid option in this poor situation.

4.
Bull Cancer ; 2019 Apr 02.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30952358

RESUMO

Hepatobiliary complications are frequent in the context of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) and contribute largely to the morbidity and mortality after transplantation. Within the framework of the ninth workshops of practice harmonization of the Francophone Society of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cellular Therapy (SFGM-TC) held in Lille in September 2018, diagnostic approaches and treatments of hepatobiliary dysfunctions prior to and following transplantation were reviewed according to the analysis of published studies.

5.
Bull Cancer ; 106(1S): S23-S34, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30616839

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is a curative treatment for many hematological diseases. However, this procedure causes the patient to be susceptible to infection. Prophylactic treatments are administered in clinical practice even thought the level of evidence of their effectiveness is not always high. In addition, changes in the transplantation procedures - use of reduced intensity conditioning, development of alternative graft sources - must lead to a rethinking of attitudes towards prophylaxis. Our working group based its recommendations on a review of referential articles and publications on the subject found in the literature. These recommendations concern the prophylaxis of infections caused by HSV1, HSV2, varicella zoster, and hepatitis B, as well as anti-bacterial and digestive decontamination prophylaxis, prevention of pneumocystis, toxoplasmosis, tuberculosis, as well as prophylaxis of fungal infections. Other infectious agents usually involved in infections post-allotransplant have been the subject of another set of recommendations from the French Society of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cellular Therapy.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Micoses/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Pneumocystis/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Toxoplasmose/prevenção & controle , Viroses/prevenção & controle , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antivirais , Transplante de Medula Óssea , Humanos , Prevenção Primária/métodos , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Sociedades Médicas , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos , Tuberculose Pulmonar
6.
Haematologica ; 2018 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30076173

RESUMO

The randomized, phase 3 ALFA-0701 trial showed that a reduced and fractionated dose of gemtuzumab ozogamicin added to standard front-line chemotherapy significantly improves event-free survival in adults with de novo acute myeloid leukemia. Here we report an independent review of event-free survival, final overall survival, and additional safety results from ALFA-0701. Patients (N=271) aged 50-70 years with de novo acute myeloid leukemia were randomized to receive conventional front-line induction chemotherapy (3+7 daunorubicin+cytarabine) with/without gemtuzumab ozogamicin 3 mg/m2 on days 1, 4, and 7 during induction. Patients in remission following induction therapy received 2 courses of consolidation therapy (daunorubicin+cytarabine) with/without gemtuzumab ozogamicin (3 mg/2;/day on day 1) according to their initial randomization. The primary endpoint was investigator-assessed event-free survival. Secondary endpoints included overall survival and safety. A blinded independent review confirmed the investigator-assessed event-free survival results (August 1, 2011; hazard ratio, 0.66 [95% CI, 0.49-0.89]; 2-sided p=0.006), corresponding to a 34% reduction in risk of events in the gemtuzumab ozogamicin versus control arm. Final overall survival (April 30, 2013) favored gemtuzumab ozogamicin but was not significant. No differences were observed between arms in early death rate. The main toxicity associated with gemtuzumab ozogamicin was prolonged thrombocytopenia. Veno-occlusive disease (including after transplant) was observed in 6 patients in the gemtuzumab ozogamicin arm and 2 in the control arm. In conclusion, gemtuzumab ozogamicin added to standard intensive chemotherapy has a favorable benefit/risk ratio. These results expand front-line treatment options for adult patients with previously untreated acute myeloid leukemia. (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00927498).

7.
Nutrition ; 41: 120-125, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28760421

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To the best of our knowledge, few studies have evaluated the nutritional status in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) during induction treatment. The aim of this retrospective study was to describe nutritional status of newly diagnosed adult patients with AML at admission and during induction chemotherapy. METHODS: We included consecutive newly diagnosed adult patients with AML who were admitted to the Department of Hematology (Limoges University Hospital) from April 2010 to January 2014. Nutritional assessment included body mass index (BMI) and weight loss to diagnose undernutrition. Weekly laboratory tests were collected and total energy expenditure was calculated to adapt food intake. RESULTS: Of 95 patients, 14 (15%) presented with undernutrition at admission: low BMI values (P < 0.001) and weight loss >5% for 9.5% patients. After chemotherapy induction, 17 patients (18%) were undernutrition (P = 0.05). Patients without undernutrition had a significantly lower median weight, BMI, and serum albumin level at discharge compared with their admission values (P < 0.05); whereas their serum transthyretin levels were higher (P = 0.03). They also had shorter hospital stays than patients with undernutrition (31 versus 39 d; P = 0.03) and longer survival at 12 mo (89.9 versus 58.3%; P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with AML with good nutritional status undergoing induction chemotherapy have shorter hospital stays and longer survival.


Assuntos
Quimioterapia de Indução/métodos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/complicações , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Desnutrição/complicações , Estado Nutricional , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
8.
Ther Drug Monit ; 39(2): 145-156, 2017 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28196047

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multidrug resistance protein-2 encoded by the ABCC2 gene (MRP2/ABCC2), an efflux transporter expressed at the proximal renal tubule, is rate-limiting for urine excretion of coproporphyrin (UCP) isomers I and III, translating in high UCP [I/(I + III)] ratio in MRP2-deficient patients presenting with the Dubin-Johnson Syndrome. MRP2 is also a major contributor to methotrexate (MTX) clearance. As MTX is both a substrate and an inhibitor of MRP2, time course of the concentrations of MTX in blood could induce functional modification of MRP2 over time, which in turn can modify its own elimination rate. METHODS: A 3-parameter time-dependent MTX population pharmacokinetic (PK) model based on a power function accounting for nonlinearity in its clearance was developed using Pmetrics in a first cohort of 41 patients (76 PK profiles) and compared with a previously published 2-compartment model developed with NONMEM and a 3-compartment model developed with ITSIM. In a second cohort (62 patients and 62 PK profiles), the association between the UCP [I/(I + III)] ratio at 3 periods [before MTX administration (P1), at the end of infusion (P2), and at hospital discharge (P3)] and the time-dependent PK parameters of MTX was investigated. Effects of genetic polymorphisms and of coadministered drugs were also studied. RESULTS: The model developed tightly fitted the data in both cohorts. A significant inverse correlation was found between log (k1) (ie, the rate constant explaining MTX concentration decrease) and the difference in UCP [I/(I + III)] ratio between P3 and P2 (DP3) (ß ± SD = -0.025 ± 0.008, P = 0.00443). CONCLUSIONS: Self-inhibition of the MRP2-dependent secretion of MTX is a plausible explanation for the time-dependent PKs of this drug. Additional studies specifically designed to evaluate this hypothesis are required.


Assuntos
Metotrexato/farmacocinética , Proteínas Associadas à Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Rim/metabolismo , Masculino , Metotrexato/sangue , Metotrexato/urina , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Urina/química
9.
Leuk Res ; 54: 12-16, 2017 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28088653

RESUMO

60-70% of AML patients have an indication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) during their treatment. Graft versus host disease (GvHD), the major cause of mortality and comorbidities post-transplantation, develops by immunological mechanism and decides greatly prognosis and quality of life (QoL) of graft recipient. Current GvHD prophylaxis is not personalized. Infections, toxicities and leukemic infiltration complicate the first chemotherapy phases prior to allo-HSCT. They, to certain extent, induce local immune stimulation. Impact of immune stimulation of this period on incidence of GvHD has not been evaluated. We retrospectively studied 238 AML patients transplanted at first remission from 21 French centers in the ALFA-0702 protocol and found that cutaneous and digestive immune stimulation during induction increases the incidence of skin and gut aGVHD, respectively. Furthermore, prolonged febrile duration correlates with elevated incidence of grade II-IV aGvHD. Thus, we identified a group of patients with higher risk of aGvHD. The benefit of personalized GvHD prophylaxis should be explored in a prospective cohort to decrease incidence of aGvHD in these patients and improve their QoLs.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/imunologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Incidência , Quimioterapia de Indução/efeitos adversos , Enteropatias/imunologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dermatopatias/imunologia , Adulto Jovem
11.
Cancer Med ; 5(11): 3068-3076, 2016 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27748046

RESUMO

We have retrospectively compared survivals between acute myeloid leukemia (AML)/myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients who received either a clofarabine/busulfan (CloB2A2) or a fludarabine/busulfan (FB2A2) RIC regimen for allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Between 2009 and 2014, 355 allotransplanted cases were identified from the SFGM-TC registry as having received either the FB2A2 (n = 316, 56% males, median age: 59.2 years, AML 78.5%, first complete remission [CR1] 72%, median follow-up: 20 months) or the CloB2A2 (n = 39, 62% males, median age: 60.8 years, AML 62%, CR1 69%, median follow-up: 22.4 months) RIC regimen. In multivariate analysis, FB2A2 was associated with significant lower overall survival (OS, HR: 2.14; 95%CI: 1.05-4.35, P = 0.04) and higher relapse incidence (RI, HR: 2.17; 95%CI: 1.02-4.61, P = 0.04) and a trend for lower leukemia-free survival (LFS, HR: 1.75; 95%CI: 0.94-3.26, P = 0.08). These results were confirmed using a propensity score-matching strategy. However, when considering AML and MDS patients separately, the benefit of the CLOB2A2 regimen was restricted to AML patients (2-year OS FB2A2: 38% [14.5-61.6] vs. CloB2A2: 79.2% [62.9-95.4], P = 0.01; 2-year LFS FB2A2: 38% [16-59.9] vs. CloB2A2: 70.8% [52.6-89], P = 0.03). The better survivals were due to the lower risk of relapse in this CloB2A2 AML subgroup (2-year RI FB2A2: 41.2% [19-62.4] vs. CloB2A2: 16.7% [5-34.2], P = 0.05). This retrospective comparison suggests that the CloB2A2 RIC regimen can likely provide longer survival than that awarded by a FB2A2 RIC regimen and may become a new standard of care RIC regimen for allotransplanted AML patients. A prospective phase 3 randomized study is warranted.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/terapia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Nucleotídeos de Adenina/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Arabinonucleosídeos/administração & dosagem , Clofarabina , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/diagnóstico , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Vidarabina/administração & dosagem , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados , Adulto Jovem
13.
Am J Hematol ; 90(9): 811-8, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26094614

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The GRASPALL/GRAALL-SA2-2008 Phase II trial evaluated the safety and efficacy of L-asparaginase encapsulated within erythrocytes (GRASPA®) in patients ≥ 55 years with Philadelphia chromosome-negative acute lymphoblastic leukemia. FINDINGS: Thirty patients received escalating doses of GRASPA® on Day 3 and 6 of induction Phases 1 and 2. The primary efficacy endpoint was asparagine depletion < 2 µmol/L for at least 7 days. This was reached in 85 and 71% of patients with 100 and 150 IU/kg respectively but not with 50 IU/kg. Grade 3/4 infection, hypertransaminasemia, hyperbilirubinemia and deep vein thrombosis occurred in 77, 20, 7, and 7% of patients, respectively. No allergic reaction or clinical pancreatitis was observed despite 17% of Grade 3/4 lipase elevation. Anti-asparaginase antibodies were detected in 50% of patients and related to a reduction in the duration of asparagine depletion during induction Phase 2 without decrease of encapsulated L-asparaginase activity. Complete remission rate was 70%. With a median follow-up of 42 months, median overall survival was 15.8 and 9.7 months, in the 100 and 150 IU/kg cohorts respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The addition of GRASPA®, especially at the 100 IU/kg dose level, is feasible in elderly patients without excessive toxicity and associated with durable asparagine depletion. (clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT01523782).


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Asparaginase/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/tratamento farmacológico , Micoses/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Asparagina/metabolismo , Portadores de Fármacos , Composição de Medicamentos , Eritrócitos/química , Eritrócitos/citologia , Feminino , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/complicações , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/mortalidade , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Negativas/patologia , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/complicações , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/mortalidade , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Micoses/complicações , Micoses/mortalidade , Micoses/patologia , Cromossomo Filadélfia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/complicações , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Indução de Remissão , Análise de Sobrevida
14.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 21(5): 860-5, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25617807

RESUMO

We performed a retrospective study to identify pretransplantation risk factors for steroid-refractory (SR) acute graft-versus host disease (aGVHD) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation from matched donors in 630 adult patients who underwent transplantation at our center between 2000 and 2012. The cumulative incidence (CI) of SR aGVHD was 11.3% ± 2.3%. The identified independent risk factors were matched unrelated donor (hazard ratio [HR], 2.52; P = .001), female donor for male recipient (HR, 1.84; P = .023) and absence of antithymocyte globulin (HR, 2.02; P = .005). Three risk groups were defined according to the presence of these risk factors. In the whole cohort, the CI of SR aGVHD was 3.5% ± 1.7% in the low-risk group (0 risk factor, n = 115), 9.3% ± 1.6% in the intermediate-risk group (1 risk factor, n = 323), and 19.3% ± 2.9% in the high-risk group (2 or 3 risk factors, n = 192). Our study suggests that pretransplantation characteristics might help identify patients at high risk for SR aGVHD. A risk adapted first-line treatment of aGVHD could be evaluated in those patients.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Doadores não Relacionados , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Aloenxertos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
15.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 56(2): 332-41, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24766492

RESUMO

Finding new prognostic factors to identify patients with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) at risk of treatment resistance or relapse remains challenging in daily practice. We evaluated the relationship between CD68 expression, interim positron emission tomography (iPET) results and outcome in 158 patients with HL diagnosed from February 1995 to July 2011. Immunohistochemistry (anti-CD68) gave two groups: low with ≤25% positive cells (121 patients) and high with >25% (37 patients). Five-year overall survival was higher in the low group (88.4% vs. 63.2%, p=0.0151), as was progression-free survival (74.5% vs. 40.7%, p=0.0003). In 68 patients evaluable, iPET correlated with CD68: 13/52 patients (25%) in the low group had positive iPET as compared to 11/16 patients (68%) in the high group (p=0.0016). This study confirms the prognostic value of CD68 in HL. We found a correlation between CD68 and iPET suggesting potential for a better stratification.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/biossíntese , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/biossíntese , Doença de Hodgkin/metabolismo , Doença de Hodgkin/terapia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Quimiorradioterapia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Seguimentos , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
16.
Eur J Haematol ; 94(3): 265-9, 2015 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25130897

RESUMO

T-prolymphocytic leukemia (T-PLL), a rare aggressive mature T-cell disorder, remains frequently resistant to conventional chemotherapy. Studies have suggested that allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) might possibly serve to consolidate the response to initial chemotherapy. The current report summarizes the outcome of 27 T-PLL cases identified in the registry in French Society for stem cell transplantation (SFGM-TC). Prior to HSCT, 14 patients were in complete remission (CR), 10 in partial response, three refractory, or in progression. Following HSCT, 21 patients achieved CR as best response. With a median follow-up for surviving patients of 33 (range, 6-103) months, 10 patients are still alive in continuous CR. Overall survival and progression-free survival estimates at 3 yr were 36% (95% CI: 17-54%) and 26% (95% CI: 14-45%), respectively. The relapse incidence after HSCT was 47% occurring at a median of 11.7 (range, 2-24) months. Overall cumulative incidence of transplant-related mortality was 31% at 3 yr. These results suggest that HSCT may allow long-term survival in patients with T-PLL following induction treatment; however, it is associated with a significant rate of toxicity.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Raios gama/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Prolinfocítica de Células T/terapia , Sistema de Registros , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , França , Humanos , Leucemia Prolinfocítica de Células T/mortalidade , Leucemia Prolinfocítica de Células T/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão , Sociedades Médicas , Análise de Sobrevida , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Transplante Homólogo
17.
Leuk Res ; 39(2): 124-30, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25524177

RESUMO

The prognosis of patients older than 50 with relapsed or refractory AML is dismal. Azacitidine has been investigated in older AML patients. Here we report the outcome of 130 patients older than 50 years included in a multicenter patient named program of azacitidine after relapse (n=67) or induction failure (n=63) of intensive chemotherapy. Median age was 67 years, cytogenetic risk was high in 28% and performance status ≥2 in 15% of cases. Most (72%) patients received azacitidine at the standard schedule (75mg/m(2)/d, 7 days/month) for a median of 4 courses. The overall response rate was 17% (CR: 10%, CRi: 7%). Median overall survival was 8.4 months. Achievement of CR/CRi was associated with prolonged survival (P=0.0001), whereas hematological improvement according to MDS criteria, achieved in 36% of patients with resistant disease, did not improve survival. In multivariate analysis, high risk cytogenetics (P=0.022) and peripheral blasts >10% (P<0.0001) at onset of azacitidine were independently predictive of poor prognosis. Combining these two factors, we identified a subgroup of 48% of patients with intermediate risk cytogenetics and peripheral blasts ≤10% and a median OS of 11.3 months. These results warrant further investigation of azacitidine-based regimens in this subgroup of patients.


Assuntos
Antimetabólitos Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Azacitidina/administração & dosagem , Crise Blástica/tratamento farmacológico , Crise Blástica/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
18.
Blood ; 124(9): 1426-33, 2014 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25006120

RESUMO

Treatment outcomes for older patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) have remained dismal. This randomized, phase 2 trial in AML patients not considered suitable for intensive induction therapy compared low-dose cytarabine (LDAC) with or without volasertib, a highly potent and selective inhibitor of polo-like kinases. Eighty-seven patients (median age 75 years) received LDAC 20 mg twice daily subcutaneously days 1-10 or LDAC + volasertib 350 mg IV days 1 + 15 every 4 weeks. Response rate (complete remission and complete remission with incomplete blood count recovery) was higher for LDAC + volasertib vs LDAC (31.0% vs 13.3%; odds ratio, 2.91; P = .052). Responses in the LDAC + volasertib arm were observed across all genetic groups, including 5 of 14 patients with adverse cytogenetics. Median event-free survival was significantly prolonged by LDAC + volasertib compared with LDAC (5.6 vs 2.3 months; hazard ratio, 0.57; 95% confidence interval, 0.35-0.92; P = .021); median overall survival was 8.0 vs 5.2 months, respectively (hazard ratio, 0.63; 95% confidence interval, 0.40-1.00; P = .047). LDAC + volasertib led to an increased frequency of adverse events that was most pronounced for neutropenic fever/infections and gastrointestinal events; there was no increase in the death rate at days 60 + 90. This study was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00804856.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica , Citarabina/administração & dosagem , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Pteridinas/administração & dosagem , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacocinética , Contraindicações , Citarabina/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética , Pteridinas/efeitos adversos , Pteridinas/farmacocinética , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Br J Clin Pharmacol ; 78(4): 836-46, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24698009

RESUMO

AIMS: Ciclosporin A (CsA) is used in the prophylaxis and treatment of acute and chronic graft vs. host disease after haematopoietic stem cell (HSCT) transplantation. Our objective was to build and compare three independent Bayesian estimators of CsA area under the curve (AUC) using a limited sampling strategy (LSS), to assist in dose adjustment. METHODS: The Bayesian estimators were developed using in parallel: two independent parametric modelling approaches (nonmem® and iterative two stage (ITS) Bayesian modelling) and the non-parametric adaptive grid method (Pmetrics®). Seventy-two full pharmacokinetic profiles (at pre-dose and 0.33, 0.66, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8 and 12h after dosing) collected from 40 HSCT patients given CsA were used to build the pharmacokinetic models, while 15 other profiles (n = 7) were kept for validation. For each Bayesian estimator, AUCs estimated using the full profiles were compared with AUCs estimated using three samples. RESULTS: The pharmacokinetic profiles were well fitted using a two compartment model with first order elimination, combined with a gamma function for the absorption phase with ITS and Pmetrics or an Erlang distribution with nonmem. The derived Bayesian estimators based on a C0-C1 h-C4 h sampling schedule (best LSS) accurately estimated CsA AUC(0,12 h) in the validation group (n = 15; nonmem: bias (mean ± SD)/RMSE 2.05% ± 13.31%/13.02%; ITS: 4.61% ± 10.56%/11.20%; Pmetrics: 0.30% ± 10.12%/10.47%). The dose chosen confronting the three results led to a pertinent dose proposal. CONCLUSIONS: The developed Bayesian estimators were all able to predict ciclosporin AUC(0,12 h) in HSCT patients using only three blood with minimal bias and may be combined to increase the reliability of CsA dose adjustment in routine.


Assuntos
Ciclosporina/farmacocinética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Imunossupressores/farmacocinética , Adulto , Idoso , Teorema de Bayes , Ciclosporina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Biológicos
20.
Haematologica ; 99(3): 527-34, 2014 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24213148

RESUMO

The treatment of advanced stage primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas remains challenging. In particular, large-cell transformation of mycosis fungoides is associated with a median overall survival of two years for all stages taken together. Little is known regarding allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in this context. We performed a multicenter retrospective analysis of 37 cases of advanced stage primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas treated with allogeneic stem cell transplantation, including 20 (54%) transformed mycosis fungoides. Twenty-four patients (65%) had stage IV disease (for mycosis fungoides and Sézary syndrome) or disseminated nodal or visceral involvement (for non-epidermotropic primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas). After a median follow up of 29 months, 19 patients experienced a relapse, leading to a 2-year cumulative incidence of relapse of 56% (95%CI: 0.38-0.74). Estimated 2-year overall survival was 57% (95%CI: 0.41-0.77) and progression-free survival 31% (95%CI: 0.19-0.53). Six of 19 patients with a post-transplant relapse achieved a subsequent complete remission after salvage therapy, with a median duration of 41 months. A weak residual tumor burden before transplantation was associated with increased progression-free survival (HR=0.3, 95%CI: 0.1-0.8; P=0.01). The use of antithymocyte globulin significantly reduced progression-free survival (HR=2.9, 95%CI: 1.3-6.2; P=0.01) but also transplant-related mortality (HR=10(-7), 95%CI: 4.10(-8)-2.10(-7); P<0.001) in univariate analysis. In multivariate analysis, the use of antithymocyte globulin was the only factor significantly associated with decreased progression-free survival (P=0.04). Allogeneic stem cell transplantation should be considered in advanced stage primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas, including transformed mycosis fungoides.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Linfoma Cutâneo de Células T/patologia , Linfoma Cutâneo de Células T/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Transplante de Medula Óssea/efeitos adversos , Criança , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , França , Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Linfoma Cutâneo de Células T/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Recidiva , Doadores de Tecidos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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