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1.
Blood ; 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871585

RESUMO

A multistage model instructed by a large dataset (knowledge bank [KB] algorithm) has recently been developed to improve outcome prediction and tailor therapeutic decision, including hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in AML. We assessed the performance of the KB in guiding HSCT decision in first complete remission (CR1) in 656 AML patients younger than 60 years from the ALFA-0702 trial (NCT00932412). KB predictions of Overall Survival (OS) were superior to those of European LeukemiaNet (ELN) 2017 risk stratification (C-index 68.9 versus 63.0). Among patients reaching CR1, HSCT in CR1, as a time-dependent covariate was detrimental in those with favorable ELN 2017 risk and those with negative NPM1 MRD (interaction tests P=0.01 and P=0.02, respectively). Using KB simulations of survival at 5 years in a scenario without HSCT in CR1 (KB score), we identified in a similar time-dependent analysis a significant interaction between the KB score and HSCT, with HSCT in CR1 being detrimental only in patients with a good prognosis based on KB simulations (KB score ≥40, interaction test P=0.01). We could finally integrate ELN 2017, NPM1 MRD and KB scores to sort 545 CR1 patients into 278 (51.0%) HSCT candidates and 267 (49.0%) chemo-only candidates. In both time-dependent and 6-month landmark analyses, HSCT significantly improved OS in HSCT candidates while it significantly shortened OS in chemo-only candidates. Integrating KB predictions with ELN 2017 and MRD may thus represent a promising approach to optimize HSCT timing in younger AML patients.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32740936

RESUMO

Medication non-adherence (NA) after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) can lead to serious complications. This study assesses NA in French adult and pediatric recipients and identifies factors associated with NA. In accordance with the EMERGE and STROBE guidelines, a cross sectional multicentric survey was conducted. We used a self-reported questionnaire that was adapted to adults and pediatrics, and that could provide a picture of all 3 phases of medication adherence: initiation, implementation, persistence. We enrolled 242 patients, 203 adults (mean age: 51 years old, 50.7% male) and 39 children (mean age: 9 years old, 56.4% female). Reported NA was estimated at about 75% in both populations, adults and pediatrics. In adults, the univariate analysis showed that patients less than 50 years old (p=0.041), (i) treated with cyclosporine (p=0.02), (ii) treated with valacyclovir/acyclovir (p=0.016) and (iii) experiencing side effects (p=0.009), were significantly more non-adherent. In multivariate analysis, only recipient age was significantly associated to NA (p = 0.05). The limited size of the pediatric population did not allow us to draw any statistical conclusion about this population. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study in France on NA in allo-HCT recipients. Our results highlight the age factor as the only factor related to NA. Further studies are needed to confirm our observations and refine results in pediatric populations, currently most at risk of medication NA.

3.
Bull Cancer ; 2020 Jul 03.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32631612

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Allogeneic stem cell transplantation is currently the only curative therapy for hematological disorders. This treatment can lead to complications, of which ophtalmological involvement. METHODS: We reviewed the literature and established accessible and convenient recommendations for hematologists and ophthalmologists. RESULTS: Ophtalmological follow-up should be done in every patient having had an allogeneic transplantation, by the hematologist questioning and by the ophthalmologist physical exam. Complications due to graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) or not due to GVHD are cited, as well as therapeutic options. DISCUSSION: Screening and treatment of ophthalmologic complications in allogeneic stem cells transplantation recipients requires a close collaboration between hematologists and ophthalmologists. The management of these patients by caregivers trained in these questions is encouraged.

4.
Ann Hematol ; 99(8): 1855-1862, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32564196

RESUMO

Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) represents the most beneficial treatment for patients with active relapsed/refractory (R/R) hematologic malignancies. Recently, sequential regimens combining debulking chemotherapy followed by reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) have shown encouraging results for these patients. In this retrospective study, we report the extended results of a sequential regimen of clofarabine, cytosine arabinoside, and RIC in 131 adults with active R/R myeloid disease at transplant. Conditioning consisted of clofarabine (30 mg/m2/day) and cytosine arabinoside (1 g/m2/day) for 5 days, followed, after a rest of 3 days, by an RIC combining cyclophosphamide (60 mg/kg) for 1 day, iv busulfan (3.2 mg/kg/day) for 2 days, and anti-thymocyte globulin (2.5 mg/kg/day) for 2 days. Between 2007 and 2016, 131 patients (males n = 75, median age: 52.6 years) were identified from the SFGM-TC registry. There were 111 acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients and 20 cases with myelodysplastic or myeloproliferative syndrome. Status at transplant was known for all but 4 patients and was primary refractory (n = 81) and 1st or 2nd relapse (n = 46). All patients received allo-SCT from a matched donor (sibling n = 64, unrelated n = 67). Engraftment was observed in 105/122 (86%) evaluable cases and 63% of the patients achieved complete remission (CR) after transplant. The 1-year overall survival, disease-free survival, relapse incidence, non-relapse mortality, and graft-versus-host disease-free/relapse-free survival were 39.2%, 28.1%, 41.0%, 30.8%, and 22.2%, respectively. This study confirms that this sequential clofarabine-based regimen provides a high CR rate in this critical population, although relapse remains a matter of concern.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Aloenxertos , Clofarabina/administração & dosagem , Citarabina/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
5.
Bull Cancer ; 2020 Jun 09.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32532421

RESUMO

Stomatological complications of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) are frequent and very uncomfortable for patients. The primary complication is the graft versus host disease reaction. Other side effects of the procedure include infections, taste disorders and carcinogenic risks. Various local treatments are used but remain imperfect. Within the framework of the 10th workshop of practice harmonization of the Francophone Society of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cellular Therapy (SFGM-TC) held in Lille in September 2019, diagnostic approaches and treatments of tongue and oral complications following allogeneic HSCT were reviewed according to the analysis of published studies.

6.
Haematologica ; 2020 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32527951

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remains a potentially curative and useful strategy in high-risk relapsing CLL. Minimal Residual Disease (MRD) assessment at 12 months post-HSCT is predictive of relapse. This phase 2 study aimed to achieve M12 MRD negativity (MRDneg) using MRD-driven immune-intervention (Md-PII) algorithm based on serial flow-cytometry blood MRD, involving cyclosporine tapering followed if failure by donor lymphocytes infusions. Patients had high-risk CLL according to 2006 EBMT consensus, in complete or partial response with lymphadenopathy < 5 cm and comorbidity score ≤ 2. Donors were HLA-matched sibling or matched unrelated (10/10). Forty-two enrolled patients with either 17p deletion (front-line, n=11; relapse n=16) or other high-risk relapse (n=15) received reduced intensity-conditioning regimen before HSCT and were submitted to Md-PII. M12-MRDneg status was achieved in 64% versus 14.2% before HSCT. With a median follow-up of 36 months (range, 19-53), 3-year overall survival, non-relapse mortality and cumulative incidence of relapse are 86.9% (95%CI, 70.8-94.4), 9.5% (95%CI, 3.7-23.4) and 29.6% (95%CI, 17.3-47.7). Incidence of 2-year limited and extensive chronic graft versus host disease (cGVHD) is 38% (95%CI, 23-53) and 23% (95%CI, 10-36) including 2 cases post Md-PII. Fifteen patients converted to MRDneg either after CsA withdrawal (n=12) or after cGVHD (n=3). As a time-dependent variable, MRDneg achievement at any time-point correlates with reduced relapse (HR=0.14 [0.04-0.53], p=0.004) and improvement of both progression free (HR=0.18 [0.06-0.6], p<0.005) and overall (HR: 0.18 [0.03-0.98], p=0.047) survival. These data highlight the value of MRD-driven immune-intervention to induce prompt MRD clearance in the therapy of CLL.

7.
Front Immunol ; 11: 586, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32351502

RESUMO

Elevated serum ferritin levels occur due to iron overload or during inflammation and macrophage activation. A correlation of high serum ferritin levels with increased mortality after alloSCT has been suggested by several retrospective analyses as well as by two smaller prospective studies. This prospective multicentric study aimed to study the association of ferritin serum levels before start of conditioning with alloSCT outcome. Patients with acute leukemia, lymphoma or MDS receiving a matched sibling alloSCT for the first time were considered for inclusion, regardless of conditioning. A comparison of outcomes between patients with high and low ferritin level was performed using univariate analysis and multivariate analysis using cause-specific Cox model. Twenty centers reported data on 298 alloSCT recipients. The ferritin cut off point was determined at 1500 µg/l (median of measured ferritin levels). In alloSCT recipients with ferritin levels above cut off measured before the start of conditioning, overall survival (HR = 2.5, CI = 1.5-4.1, p = 0.0005) and progression-free survival (HR = 2.4, CI = 1.6-3.8, p < 0.0001) were inferior. Excess mortality in the high ferritin group was due to both higher relapse incidence (HR = 2.2, CI = 1.2-3.8, p = 0.007) and increased non-relapse mortality (NRM) (HR = 3.1, CI = 1.5-6.4, p = 0.002). NRM was driven by significantly higher infection-related mortality in the high ferritin group (HR = 3.9, CI = 1.6-9.7, p = 0.003). Acute and chronic GVHD incidence or severity were not associated to serum ferritin levels. We conclude that ferritin levels can serve as routine laboratory biomarker for mortality risk assessment before alloSCT.

8.
Br J Clin Pharmacol ; 86(8): 1550-1559, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32073158

RESUMO

AIMS: Intravenous mycophenolate mofetil (IV MMF), a prodrug of mycophenolic acid (MPA), is used during nonmyeloablative and reduced-intensity conditioning haematopoetic stem cell transplantation (HCT) to improve engraftment and reduce graft-versus-host disease. The aims of this study were to develop population pharmacokinetic models and Bayesian estimators based on limited sampling strategies to allow for individual dose adjustment of intravenous mycophenolate mofetil administered by infusion in haematopoietic stem cell transplant patients. METHODS: Sixty-three MPA concentration-time profiles (median [min-max] = 6 [4-7] samples) were collected from 34 HCT recipients transplanted for 14 (1-45) days and administered IV MMF every 8 hours, concomitantly with cyclosporine. The database was split into development (75%) and validation (25%) datasets. Pharmacokinetic models characterized by a single compartment with first-order elimination, combined with two gamma distributions to describe the transformation of MMF into mycophenolic acid, were developed using in parallel nonparametric (Pmetrics) and parametric (ITSIM) approaches. The performances of the models and the derived Bayesian estimators were evaluated in the validation set. RESULTS: The best limited sampling strategy led to a bias (min, max), root mean square error between observed and modeled interdose areas under the curve in the validation dataset of -11.72% (-31.08%, 5.00%), 14.9% for ITSIM and -2.21% (-23.40%, 30.01%), 12.4% for Pmetrics with three samples collected at 0.33, 2 and 3 hours post dosing. CONCLUSION: Population pharmacokinetic models and Bayesian estimators for IV MMF in HCT have been developed and are now available online (https://pharmaco.chu-limoges.fr) for individual dose adjustment based on the interdose area under the curve.

9.
Bull Cancer ; 107(1S): S28-S35, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303250

RESUMO

Acute and chronic renal failures are very common after allogeneic HSCT. These complications have a real impact on mortality and morbidity of transplant recipients. Within the framework of the ninth workshops of practice harmonization of the Francophone Society of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cellular Therapy (SFGM-TC) held in Lille in September 2018, various causes and mechanisms of renal failure, diagnostic work-up, treatment and recommendations to limit renal failure after transplantation are reviewed. Recommendations to adjust medications to avoid renal failure are also proposed in this article.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência Renal/etiologia , Insuficiência Renal/prevenção & controle , Anti-Infecciosos/efeitos adversos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Humanos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Incidência , Síndrome Nefrótica/etiologia , Insuficiência Renal/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Renal/terapia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Microangiopatias Trombóticas , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/efeitos adversos , Transplante Homólogo
10.
Bull Cancer ; 107(1S): S18-S27, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30952358

RESUMO

Hepatobiliary complications are frequent in the context of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) and contribute largely to the morbidity and mortality after transplantation. Within the framework of the ninth workshops of practice harmonization of the Francophone Society of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cellular Therapy (SFGM-TC) held in Lille in September 2018, diagnostic approaches and treatments of hepatobiliary dysfunctions prior to and following transplantation were reviewed according to the analysis of published studies.


Assuntos
Doenças Biliares/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Hepatopatias/etiologia , Aloenxertos , Doenças Biliares/diagnóstico , Doenças Biliares/terapia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/diagnóstico , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/terapia , Gerenciamento Clínico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Hepatite Viral Humana/diagnóstico , Hepatite Viral Humana/terapia , Hepatite Viral Humana/transmissão , Humanos , Sobrecarga de Ferro/diagnóstico , Sobrecarga de Ferro/etiologia , Sobrecarga de Ferro/terapia , Hepatopatias/diagnóstico , Hepatopatias/terapia , Fatores de Tempo , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/efeitos adversos
11.
Blood ; 135(8): 542-546, 2020 02 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880804

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a highly heterogeneous disease both in terms of genetic background and response to chemotherapy. Although molecular aberrations are routinely used to stratify AML patients into prognostic subgroups when receiving standard chemotherapy, the predictive value of the genetic background and co-occurring mutations remains to be assessed when using newly approved antileukemic drugs. In the present study, we retrospectively addressed the question of the predictive value of molecular events on the benefit of the addition of gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO) to standard front-line chemotherapy. Using the more recent European LeukemiaNet (ELN) 2017 risk classification, we confirmed that the benefit of GO was restricted to the favorable (hazard ratio [HR], 0.54, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.30-0.98) and intermediate (HR, 0.57; 95% CI, 0.33-1.00) risk categories, whereas it did not influence the outcome of patients within the adverse risk subgroup (HR, 0.93; 95% CI, 0.61-1.43). Interestingly, the benefit of GO was significant for patients with activating signaling mutations (HR, 0.43; 95% CI, 0.28-0.65), which correlated with higher CD33 expression levels. These results suggest that molecular aberrations could be critical for future differentially tailored treatments based on integrated genetic profiles that are able to predict the benefit of GO on outcome.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Gemtuzumab/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Mutação , Idoso , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Gemtuzumab/efeitos adversos , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Lectina 3 Semelhante a Ig de Ligação ao Ácido Siálico/genética
12.
Haematologica ; 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601686

RESUMO

Uric acid is a danger signal contributing to inflammation. Its relevance to allogeneic stem cell transplantation derives from preclinical models where the depletion of uric acid led to improved survival and reduced graft-versus-host disease. In a clinical pilot trial, peri-transplant uric acid depletion reduced acute graft-versus-host disease incidence. This prospective international multicenter study aimed to investigate the association of uric acid serum levels before start of conditioning with allogeneic stem cell transplantation outcome. We included patients with acute leukemia, lymphoma or myelodysplastic syndrome receiving a first matched sibling allogeneic stem cell transplantation from peripheral blood, regardless of conditioning. We compared outcomes between patients with high and low uric acid levels with univariate- and multivariate analysis using a cause-specific Cox model. Twenty centers from 10 countries reported data on 366 allogeneic stem cell transplantation recipients. There were no significant differences in terms of baseline co-morbidity and disease stage between the high- and low uric acid group. Patients with uric acid levels above median measured before start of conditioning did not significantly differ from remaining in term of acute graft-versus-host disease grades II-IV incidence (HR=1.5, CI=1-2.4, p=0.08). However, they had significantly shorter overall survival (HR=2.8, CI=1.7-4.7, p<0.0001) and progression free survival (HR=1.6, CI=1.1-2.4, p=0.025). Non-relapse mortality was significantly increased in allogeneic stem cell transplantation recipients with high uric acid levels (HR=2.7, CI=1.4-5.0, p=0.003). Finally, the incidence of relapse after allogeneic stem cell transplantation was increased in patients with higher uric acid levels (HR=1.6, CI=1-2.5, p=0.04). We conclude that high uric acid levels before the start of conditioning correlate with increased mortality after allogeneic stem cell transplantation.

13.
Clin Cancer Res ; 25(22): 6606-6613, 2019 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292142

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) discontinuation is an emerging goal in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) management and several studies have demonstrated the feasibility of safely stopping imatinib. A sustained deep molecular response on long-term TKI is critical prior to attempting treatment-free remission. Reproducible results from several studies reported recently, failed to identify robust and reproducible predictive factors for the selection of the best candidates for successful TKI cessation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective national phase II study evaluating the cessation of imatinib after at least 2 years of MR4.5 obtained on imatinib first-line in patients with chronic phase CML. RESULTS: A total of 218 patients with de novo chronic phase CML were involved in the study. The median follow-up after imatinib cessation was 23.5 (1-64) months, 2 patients died from unrelated causes, and 107 experienced a confirmed increase in BCR-ABL1 levels defined as molecular recurrence. The molecular recurrence-free survival was 52% [95% confidence interval (CI), 45%-59%] at 6 months, and 50% (95% CI, 43%-57%) at 24 months. Droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) was used to evaluate more accurately low levels of BCR-ABL1 in 175 of 218 patients at imatinib cessation. To apply positive BCR-ABL1/ABL1 ratios on the international scale (IS), a conversion factor was calculated for ddPCR and the significant cut-off point was established at 0.0023%IS. In a multivariate analysis, the duration of TKI (≥74.8 months) and ddPCR (≥0.0023%IS) were the two identified predictive factors of molecular recurrence, with P = 0.0366 (HR, 0.635; 95% CI, 0.415-0.972] and P = 0.008 (HR, 0.556; 95% CI, 0.360-0.858), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that the duration of TKI and residual leukemic cell load as determined by ddPCR are key factors for predicting successful treatment-free remission for patients with de novo chronic phase CML.See related commentary by Yan et al., p. 6561.

14.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 25(9): 1798-1802, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31129355

RESUMO

Prognosis of patients with graft failure is dismal, and retransplantation is the sole option for long-term survival. To address the interest of haploidentical transplantation as a salvage option in this context, we analyzed data from 24 patients with graft failure or loss retransplanted with a haploidentical donor who received post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy) as graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis (GVHD). Fludarabine-based reduced-intensity conditioning was used in 23 patients and the Baltimore regimen in 14 patients. The median delay between previous and salvage transplantation for graft failure was 63 days (range, 39 to 98). In addition to PTCy, all patients received cyclosporine, and 22 patients also received mycophenolate mofetil for GVHD prophylaxis. With a median follow-up of 353 days (range, 16 to 2010), 1-year overall survival (OS) was 56% (95% confidence interval, 38% to 81%). Transplant complications accounted for 80% of deaths. The cumulative incidence of neutrophil engraftment at day +30 was 79%. Cumulative incidence of grades II to IV acute GVHD at day 100 was 14%, and 1-year cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD was 31%. One-year cumulative incidence of relapse was 13%. Stem cell source did not impact on engraftment, GVHD, relapse, or OS. Salvage haploidentical transplant with PTCy for rescuing graft failure patients leads to an acceptable 1-year OS and might be a valid option in this poor situation.

15.
Bull Cancer ; 106(1S): S23-S34, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30616839

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is a curative treatment for many hematological diseases. However, this procedure causes the patient to be susceptible to infection. Prophylactic treatments are administered in clinical practice even thought the level of evidence of their effectiveness is not always high. In addition, changes in the transplantation procedures - use of reduced intensity conditioning, development of alternative graft sources - must lead to a rethinking of attitudes towards prophylaxis. Our working group based its recommendations on a review of referential articles and publications on the subject found in the literature. These recommendations concern the prophylaxis of infections caused by HSV1, HSV2, varicella zoster, and hepatitis B, as well as anti-bacterial and digestive decontamination prophylaxis, prevention of pneumocystis, toxoplasmosis, tuberculosis, as well as prophylaxis of fungal infections. Other infectious agents usually involved in infections post-allotransplant have been the subject of another set of recommendations from the French Society of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cellular Therapy.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Micoses/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Pneumocystis/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Toxoplasmose/prevenção & controle , Viroses/prevenção & controle , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antivirais , Transplante de Medula Óssea , Humanos , Prevenção Primária/métodos , Prevenção Secundária/métodos , Sociedades Médicas , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos , Tuberculose Pulmonar
16.
Haematologica ; 104(1): 113-119, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30076173

RESUMO

The randomized, phase III ALFA-0701 trial showed that a reduced and fractionated dose of gemtuzumab ozogamicin added to standard front-line chemotherapy significantly improves event-free survival (EFS) in adults with de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Here we report an independent review of EFS, final overall survival (OS), and additional safety results from ALFA-0701. Patients (n=271) aged 50-70 years with de novo AML were randomized to receive conventional front-line induction chemotherapy (3+7daunorubicin+cytarabine) with/without gemtuzumab ozogamicin 3 mg/m2 on days 1, 4, and 7 during induction. Patients in remission following induction therapy received 2 courses of consolidation therapy (daunorubicin+cytarabine) with/without gemtuzumab ozogamicin (3 mg/m2/day on day 1) according to their initial randomization. The primary end point was investigator-assessed EFS. Secondary end points included OS and safety. A blinded independent review confirmed the investigator-assessed EFS results [August 1, 2011; hazard ratio (HR) 0.66; 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 0.49-0.89; 2-sided P=0.006], corresponding to a 34% reduction in risk of events in the gemtuzumab ozogamicin versus control arm. Final OS at April 30, 2013 favored gemtuzumab ozogamicin but was not significant. No differences in early death rate were observed between arms. The main toxicity associated with gemtuzumab ozogamicin was prolonged thrombocytopenia. Veno-occlusive disease (including after transplant) was observed in 6 patients in the gemtuzumab ozogamicin arm and 2 in the control arm. In conclusion, gemtuzumab ozogamicin added to standard intensive chemotherapy has a favorable benefit/risk ratio. These results expand front-line treatment options for adult patients with previously untreated AML. (Trial registered at clinicaltrials.gov; identifier: 00927498).


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Adulto , Idoso , Citarabina/administração & dosagem , Daunorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Gemtuzumab/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/metabolismo , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taxa de Sobrevida
17.
Nutrition ; 41: 120-125, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28760421

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To the best of our knowledge, few studies have evaluated the nutritional status in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) during induction treatment. The aim of this retrospective study was to describe nutritional status of newly diagnosed adult patients with AML at admission and during induction chemotherapy. METHODS: We included consecutive newly diagnosed adult patients with AML who were admitted to the Department of Hematology (Limoges University Hospital) from April 2010 to January 2014. Nutritional assessment included body mass index (BMI) and weight loss to diagnose undernutrition. Weekly laboratory tests were collected and total energy expenditure was calculated to adapt food intake. RESULTS: Of 95 patients, 14 (15%) presented with undernutrition at admission: low BMI values (P < 0.001) and weight loss >5% for 9.5% patients. After chemotherapy induction, 17 patients (18%) were undernutrition (P = 0.05). Patients without undernutrition had a significantly lower median weight, BMI, and serum albumin level at discharge compared with their admission values (P < 0.05); whereas their serum transthyretin levels were higher (P = 0.03). They also had shorter hospital stays than patients with undernutrition (31 versus 39 d; P = 0.03) and longer survival at 12 mo (89.9 versus 58.3%; P = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with AML with good nutritional status undergoing induction chemotherapy have shorter hospital stays and longer survival.


Assuntos
Quimioterapia de Indução/métodos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/complicações , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Desnutrição/complicações , Estado Nutricional , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
18.
Ther Drug Monit ; 39(2): 145-156, 2017 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28196047

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multidrug resistance protein-2 encoded by the ABCC2 gene (MRP2/ABCC2), an efflux transporter expressed at the proximal renal tubule, is rate-limiting for urine excretion of coproporphyrin (UCP) isomers I and III, translating in high UCP [I/(I + III)] ratio in MRP2-deficient patients presenting with the Dubin-Johnson Syndrome. MRP2 is also a major contributor to methotrexate (MTX) clearance. As MTX is both a substrate and an inhibitor of MRP2, time course of the concentrations of MTX in blood could induce functional modification of MRP2 over time, which in turn can modify its own elimination rate. METHODS: A 3-parameter time-dependent MTX population pharmacokinetic (PK) model based on a power function accounting for nonlinearity in its clearance was developed using Pmetrics in a first cohort of 41 patients (76 PK profiles) and compared with a previously published 2-compartment model developed with NONMEM and a 3-compartment model developed with ITSIM. In a second cohort (62 patients and 62 PK profiles), the association between the UCP [I/(I + III)] ratio at 3 periods [before MTX administration (P1), at the end of infusion (P2), and at hospital discharge (P3)] and the time-dependent PK parameters of MTX was investigated. Effects of genetic polymorphisms and of coadministered drugs were also studied. RESULTS: The model developed tightly fitted the data in both cohorts. A significant inverse correlation was found between log (k1) (ie, the rate constant explaining MTX concentration decrease) and the difference in UCP [I/(I + III)] ratio between P3 and P2 (DP3) (ß ± SD = -0.025 ± 0.008, P = 0.00443). CONCLUSIONS: Self-inhibition of the MRP2-dependent secretion of MTX is a plausible explanation for the time-dependent PKs of this drug. Additional studies specifically designed to evaluate this hypothesis are required.


Assuntos
Metotrexato/farmacocinética , Proteínas Associadas à Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Rim/metabolismo , Masculino , Metotrexato/sangue , Metotrexato/urina , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Urina/química
19.
Leuk Res ; 54: 12-16, 2017 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28088653

RESUMO

60-70% of AML patients have an indication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) during their treatment. Graft versus host disease (GvHD), the major cause of mortality and comorbidities post-transplantation, develops by immunological mechanism and decides greatly prognosis and quality of life (QoL) of graft recipient. Current GvHD prophylaxis is not personalized. Infections, toxicities and leukemic infiltration complicate the first chemotherapy phases prior to allo-HSCT. They, to certain extent, induce local immune stimulation. Impact of immune stimulation of this period on incidence of GvHD has not been evaluated. We retrospectively studied 238 AML patients transplanted at first remission from 21 French centers in the ALFA-0702 protocol and found that cutaneous and digestive immune stimulation during induction increases the incidence of skin and gut aGVHD, respectively. Furthermore, prolonged febrile duration correlates with elevated incidence of grade II-IV aGvHD. Thus, we identified a group of patients with higher risk of aGvHD. The benefit of personalized GvHD prophylaxis should be explored in a prospective cohort to decrease incidence of aGvHD in these patients and improve their QoLs.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/imunologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Incidência , Quimioterapia de Indução/efeitos adversos , Enteropatias/imunologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dermatopatias/imunologia , Adulto Jovem
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