Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 8 de 8
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2016: 854-858, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28268458

RESUMO

We analyze brain waves acquired through a consumer-grade EEG device to investigate its capabilities for user identification and authentication. First, we show the statistical significance of the P300 component in event-related potential (ERP) data from 14-channel EEGs across 25 subjects. We then apply a variety of machine learning techniques, comparing the user identification performance of various different combinations of a dimensionality reduction technique followed by a classification algorithm. Experimental results show that an identification accuracy of 72% can be achieved using only a single 800 ms ERP epoch. In addition, we demonstrate that the user identification accuracy can be significantly improved to more than 96.7% by joint classification of multiple epochs.


Assuntos
Identificação Biométrica/métodos , Eletroencefalografia/métodos , Potenciais Evocados/fisiologia , Algoritmos , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Eletroencefalografia/instrumentação , Desenho de Equipamento , Potencial Evocado P300/fisiologia , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Redes Neurais de Computação , Processamento de Sinais Assistido por Computador
2.
IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell ; 36(6): 1201-15, 2014 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26353281

RESUMO

Mean shift clustering is a powerful nonparametric technique that does not require prior knowledge of the number of clusters and does not constrain the shape of the clusters. However, being completely unsupervised, its performance suffers when the original distance metric fails to capture the underlying cluster structure. Despite recent advances in semi-supervised clustering methods, there has been little effort towards incorporating supervision into mean shift. We propose a semi-supervised framework for kernel mean shift clustering (SKMS) that uses only pairwise constraints to guide the clustering procedure. The points are first mapped to a high-dimensional kernel space where the constraints are imposed by a linear transformation of the mapped points. This is achieved by modifying the initial kernel matrix by minimizing a log det divergence-based objective function. We show the advantages of SKMS by evaluating its performance on various synthetic and real datasets while comparing with state-of-the-art semi-supervised clustering algorithms.

3.
IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell ; 36(1): 99-112, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24231869

RESUMO

We propose a new objective function for clustering. This objective function consists of two components: the entropy rate of a random walk on a graph and a balancing term. The entropy rate favors formation of compact and homogeneous clusters, while the balancing function encourages clusters with similar sizes and penalizes larger clusters that aggressively group samples. We present a novel graph construction for the graph associated with the data and show that this construction induces a matroid--a combinatorial structure that generalizes the concept of linear independence in vector spaces. The clustering result is given by the graph topology that maximizes the objective function under the matroid constraint. By exploiting the submodular and monotonic properties of the objective function, we develop an efficient greedy algorithm. Furthermore, we prove an approximation bound of (1/2) for the optimality of the greedy solution. We validate the proposed algorithm on various benchmarks and show its competitive performances with respect to popular clustering algorithms. We further apply it for the task of superpixel segmentation. Experiments on the Berkeley segmentation data set reveal its superior performances over the state-of-the-art superpixel segmentation algorithms in all the standard evaluation metrics.

4.
Proc IEEE Int Symp Biomed Imaging ; 6: 1306-1309, 2009 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19936299

RESUMO

Accurate segmentation of tissue microarrays is a challenging topic because of some of the similarities exhibited by normal tissue and tumor regions. Processing speed is another consideration when dealing with imaged tissue microarrays as each microscopic slide may contain hundreds of digitized tissue discs. In this paper, a fast and accurate image segmentation algorithm is presented. Both a whole disc delineation algorithm and a learning based tumor region segmentation approach which utilizes multiple scale texton histograms are introduced. The algorithm is completely automatic and computationally efficient. The mean pixel-wise segmentation accuracy is about 90%. It requires about 1 second for whole disc (1024×1024 pixels) segmentation and less than 5 seconds for segmenting tumor regions. In order to enable remote access to the algorithm and collaborative studies, an analytical service is implemented using the caGrid infrastructure. This service wraps the algorithm and provides interfaces for remote clients to submit images for analysis and retrieve analysis results.

5.
IEEE Trans Inf Technol Biomed ; 13(3): 291-9, 2009 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19171530

RESUMO

Large-scale, multisite collaboration has become indispensable for a wide range of research and clinical activities that rely on the capacity of individuals to dynamically acquire, share, and assess images and correlated data. In this paper, we report the development of a Web-based system, PathMiner , for interactive telemedicine, intelligent archiving, and automated decision support in pathology. The PathMiner system supports network-based submission of queries and can automatically locate and retrieve digitized pathology specimens along with correlated molecular studies of cases from "ground-truth" databases that exhibit spectral and spatial profiles consistent with a given query image. The statistically most probable diagnosis is provided to the individual who is seeking decision support. To test the system under real-case scenarios, a pipeline infrastructure was developed and a network-based test laboratory was established at strategic sites at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital, the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, The Cancer Institute of New Jersey, and Rutgers University. The average five-class classification accuracy of the system was 93.18% based on a tenfold cross validation on a close dataset containing 3691 imaged specimens. We also conducted prospective performance studies with the PathMiner system in real applications in which the specimens exhibited large variations in staining characters compared with the training data. The average five-class classification accuracy in this open-set experiment was 87.22%. We also provide the comparative results with the previous literature and the PathMiner system shows superior performance.


Assuntos
Redes de Comunicação de Computadores , Diagnóstico por Computador/métodos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação/métodos , Algoritmos , Inteligência Artificial , Células Sanguíneas/classificação , Células Sanguíneas/citologia , Células Sanguíneas/patologia , Humanos , Internet , Modelos Estatísticos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Interface Usuário-Computador
6.
Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv ; 11(Pt 1): 833-41, 2008.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18979823

RESUMO

Automatic image analysis of histopathology specimens would help the early detection of blood cancer. The first step for automatic image analysis is segmentation. However, touching cells bring the difficulty for traditional segmentation algorithms. In this paper, we propose a novel algorithm which can reliably handle touching cells segmentation. Robust estimation and color active contour models are used to delineate the outer boundary. Concave points on the boundary and inner edges are automatically detected. A concave vertex graph is constructed from these points and edges. By minimizing a cost function based on morphological characteristics, we recursively calculate the optimal path in the graph to separate the touching cells. The algorithm is computationally efficient and has been tested on two large clinical dataset which contain 207 images and 3898 images respectively. Our algorithm provides better results than other studies reported in the recent literature.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Inteligência Artificial , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Leucemia/patologia , Linfoma/patologia , Reconhecimento Automatizado de Padrão/métodos , Técnicas Histológicas , Humanos , Aumento da Imagem/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
7.
IEEE Trans Pattern Anal Mach Intell ; 30(10): 1713-27, 2008 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18703826

RESUMO

We present a new algorithm to detect pedestrian in still images utilizing covariance matrices as object descriptors. Since the descriptors do not form a vector space, well known machine learning techniques are not well suited to learn the classifiers. The space of d-dimensional nonsingular covariance matrices can be represented as a connected Riemannian manifold. The main contribution of the paper is a novel approach for classifying points lying on a connected Riemannian manifold using the geometry of the space. The algorithm is tested on INRIA and DaimlerChrysler pedestrian datasets where superior detection rates are observed over the previous approaches.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Inteligência Artificial , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Reconhecimento Automatizado de Padrão/métodos , Gravação em Vídeo/métodos , Imagem Corporal Total/métodos , Humanos , Aumento da Imagem/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Caminhada
8.
Pattern Anal Appl ; 10(4): 277-290, 2007 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19890460

RESUMO

We describe a decision support system to distinguish among hematology cases directly from microscopic specimens. The system uses an image database containing digitized specimens from normal and four different hematologic malignancies. Initially, the nuclei and cytoplasmic components of the specimens are segmented using a robust color gradient vector flow active contour model. Using a few cell images from each class, the basic texture elements (textons) for the nuclei and cytoplasm are learned, and the cells are represented through texton histograms. We propose to use support vector machines on the texton histogram based cell representation and achieve major improvement over the commonly used classification methods in texture research. Experiments with 3,691 cell images from 105 patients which originated from four different hospitals indicate more than 84% classification performance for individual cells and 89% for case based classification for the five class problem.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...